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^^^4. 

^S^.^?*^^?^ fe 





% 






r 



GENERAL DICTIONARY 



OF 



PROVINCIALISMS, 



WRITTEN WITH A VIEW TO RESCUE FROM OBLIVION THE FAST FADING 

RELICS OF BY-OONE DAYS. 



Tenet insanabile multos 
Scribendi Cacoethes. Juv. 

LABOB IPSE V0LUPTA8. 



4 ^^^i^'f'^ //.u'j.o.^. . 

WILLIAM,, flOLLOWAY, 



SUSSEX PRESS: 
PRINTED AND PUBLISHED BY BAXTER AND SON, 

LEWES. 

1889. 



9Z0.4 
H14 
1839 









PREFACE. 



After a labour of some years, I have at length succeeded, 
as far as my slender means, and still slenderer abilities will 
permit, in the compilation of a Dictionary of Provincial Words. 
But, though I have accomplished my task, I feel some diflS- 
dence, and some misgivings as to its success with the public. 
I fear the task is very inefficiently executed ; and even were it 
a more correct performance, I am doubtful whether it is one 
that is likely to suit the public taste. Many friends have 
laughed at the pains I have bestowed upon it, while one has 
even told me that the only object to be obtained by it, was 
that of teaching well-educated persons to speak patois. After 
ibis, I was almost tempted to abandon the work in despair, 
and I verily believe I should have done so, had it not been 
for the following observation which I met with in the Quar- 
terly Review for February, 1836, No. 110, on the subject of 
Provincial Words, viz : — ^^ If he (Mr. Stevenson,*) and his 
fellow-labourers will collect all the words which deserve a 
place in an archaic and provincial glossary, accompanied with 
data for ascertaining their meaning, they will be entitled to 
the thanks of the public, whether their etymologies are right 
or wrong." 

Encouraged by these and other observations, 1 persevered, 
and now I humbly present the fruits of my labour to the judig- 
ment of a scrutinizing, but just public. 

* One of the conductorB of the publication of a Glossary of Archaic and 
Provincial Words, by the late Rev. Jonathan Boucher. 



^y 



IV. PREFACE. 

To a great deal of originality I do not lay claim, mine has 
been perhaps rather more the task of a compiler than of an 
author. I have collected upwards of nine thousand words ; 
some of these I have borrowed from former collectors, some 
have been supplied by the kindness of friends in different 
counties, and others have been picked up by myself. Not to 
claim more merit than I ought, to myself, I shall proceed at 
once to acknowledge the debt I owe to the different authors 
from whom I have borrowed. 

The oldest work, I believe, on Provincialisms, is one by 
Ray, in 1674, entitled, " A Collection of English Words not 
generally used." His work I have not seen, but he is often 
referred to by some of those from whom I have quoted. The 
oldest work which I have met with, is Tim Bobbin's View of 
the Lancashire Dialect, printed at Manchester, in 1775- He 
gives some good examples of the dialect by the introduction 
of some entertaining dialogues ; but the vocabulary is not 
quite so clear and explicit as one could wish. 

In 1790, Dr. Pryce, of Redruth, Cornwall, published a 
work on the Cornish Language : this book I have not been 
able to obtain, and, therefore, should not have mentioned it 
here ; but for the purpose of showing that by the observations 
I have seen on it, in the Encyclopaedia Londinensis, he con- 
firms the opinion, which I have given in my introduction, as to 
the Cornish being a relic of the ancient British language. 

Grose's Provincial Dictionary was published in 1790, and 
to him I am greatly indebted, as every collector must be. His 
IS a general collection, not confined to one particular county 
or district, but ranging over the whole kingdom. He has got 
together a numerous vocabulary, but has not entered much 
into the Etymology of words. 

The Craven dialect, by a native of Craven, was published 
in 1824, and is a valuable work, containing many words and 
entering largely into their etymons. Craven is that part of 
Yorkshire in the Western Riding, which adjoins to Lanca- 
shire, and abounding in wild and extensive fells and moors. 



PREFACE. V. 

the tnbabitants have retained their ancient dialect in more 
purity than in more populous districts, though the author 
regrets that commerce is making great inroads even on the 
seclusion of Craven. 

Observations on some of the dialects of the west of 
England, particularly Somersetshire, by James Jennings, 
Honorary Secretary of the Metropolitan Literary Institution, 
London, were published in 1825. This is a useful little book 
and I have made use of it. 

The vocabulary of East Anglia, (that is of the counties of 
Norfolk and Suffolk) by the late Rev. Robert Forby, Rector 
of Fincham, Norfolk, was published by his friends after his 
decease in the year 1830, and is by far the most valuable 
work I have met with. 1 1 is only to be regretted it did not extend 
beyond the two counties already mentioned. The author 
goes more fully into an explanation of the words, and more 
minutely into their origin than any I have been fortunate 
enough to meet with. 

Specimens of the Yorkshire Dialect is a very small book 
published at Knaresborough in 1833. 

Having spoken of the doubts I entertain as to the reception 
this little work may meet with from the public, the question 
may very fairly and very naturally be asked, " Why then do 
I persevere in printing it ? My answer is this, that as educa- 
tion is now become so general among all classes of the people, 
Provincial Words, in another generation or two, will cease in 
a great measure to be used, when antiquaries may feel the 
same delight in poring over these remains of a by-gone age, 
as Cuvier did in putting together the bones of the antediluvian 
animals which he discovered, or as modern geologists do in 
attempting to prove that the earth, instead of being some six 
thousand years old, has existed as many millions. 

With these remarks I launch my bark into the sea of 
public opinion. 



INTRODUCTION. 



In a country, wbicb, like Great Britain, has been conquered 
and held by Foreigners of several different nations, it must follow, as 
a matter of course, that a great variety of Dialects will be found 
to prevail in different parts of the kingdom. It is not my inten- 
tion to enter into a very critical history of the subject, as I am 
not equal to such a task, nor do I deem it absolutely necessary. 
The Languages, evident remains of which are still found x: Great 
Britain, are, the Ancient British, the Roman, the Danish^ the 
Sazon, and the Norman. 

When the Romans established themselves in England, such of 
the Ancient Britons as preferred rude liberty to polished slavery 
fled from the conquerors into the fastnesses of Cornwall and 
Wales ; consequently it is in those places that we must look foi 
the remains of the British Language ; in short the Welch is the 
Ancient British, and the Cornish is strongly tinctured with the 
British, though probably it is not spoken in the same purity 
there as in Wales. We find many British words interspersed 
through different counties in England, particularly in the names of 
places ; as Pen, for instance, ' a head.' Penhurst and Penshurst, 
are from Pen, Brit, and Hurst, Sax. a wood — a place at the head 
of a wood. Coaster, Brit, a city or fortified place ; as Chester^ 
the city or camp ; Chichester— Cissa, a King of the South Sax- 
ons, and Coaster, Brit.— *the city of Cissa, by whom it was founded ; 
and 80 with many others. 



VIII. 



INTRODUCTION. 



The Romans kept possession of the country about 500 years ; 
but as they held it rather as a conquered province — that is by 
means of various fortified places, and not by an amalgamation of 
the two races — their language was never very widely diffused. 

In the Welcb language there seem to be several traces of the 
Roman^ as may be seen in the following words, viz : — 

Window Ffeuestr, W. 

Bridge, Pont, W, 

And, Ac, W. 

Was, Fa, W. 

Angel, Angel, W. 

His, Ei> W. 

Gold. Awr, W. 

In Cornwall we find Tnmuls, heaps ; Tumulus, Lat. 
Numer, 9. Number. Numerous^ Lat. JVbr/. 
Bever, 8> A lunch. Bevere. 8uff, 

LATIN ETYMONS, NORTH. 



Fenestra, Lat. 

Pons, Lat, 

Ac, Lat. 

Fuitj Lat* 

Angel us, T^at. 

Is, ea, id. Ei, Dat. Lat. 

Aurum, Lat. 





North. 




Engli8h» 


Lat. 






Ark, t. 




A chest. 


Area, 






Arran, 8. 


• 


A spider. 


Aranea. 






To Colloque, v. n. 


To Converse* 


Colloquor. 






Doubler, 


1 ' 


A large plate. 


Daplaris. 






Haspert, 


8. 


A rough felFow. 


Asper. 






To Oumer, v. a« 


To shadow. 


Umbra. 






Ramile, 


f. 


Twigs. 


Ramus, Ramalus. 




Stoop, i. 




A post. 


Slupa. 








BAST SUSSEX AMD KENT. 






Ripe, «• 




A bank. 






Ripa. 


Aqua-Bob 


>*• 


An icicle. 


Aqua, and Bob, 


an ear-ring. 


To Coddle 


', v» a* 


To parboil. 






Coctulo. 


Gut, «. 




An under drain. 




Guttur. 


Uames, t. 




Part of a cart-horse's harness. 




Hama. 


Mall, t. 




A two-handed hammer. 




Malleus. 


PtelLf. 




A small pool 


[. 




Pttlos. 


To Pose, c 


'•a. 


To set a person down in an aignment. 


Positos. 


Sally, 9. 




A willow. 






Salix. 



Toft, f • A piece of ground on which a messuage has stood. Toftum. 

Tbe words of Danisb origin are not very nnmeious, but such 
as do exist, are, as migbt be reasonably expected, found in the 
Eastern and Northern parts of the kingdom, those counties bay- 
ing been more contiguous to that part of the continent, whence the 



INTRODUCTION. IX. 

Danes made their incursions into Britain. Thus we find the fol- 
lowing in the East-Anglian Vocahulary : — 

Balker, 8, [Bielke, Dan. a beam.] A great beam. 

Bing, «. [BiDg, Dffii. a heap.] A bin for corn, wine, &c. 

Bund- Weed, 8. [Bund, Dan.] The plant Centaurea nigra. 

To Clead, v. a. [Clede, Dan.] To clothe. 

To Crinkle-Crankle, v. a, [Kronkelen, Dan. to twist.] To wrinkle. 

Darnocks, 8» [Dorneck, Dan.] Hedger's gloves. 

Dome, Dam. [Dun, Dan. a feather.] Rabbits* down* 

To Flit, V, n. [Flytter. Dan, to migrate.] 
To remove from one house to another. 

Kedge, tuij. Active. [Kaud, Dan.] 

Moik-Shriek, 8. IMoik, Dan. darkness.] A mockery ; a bugbear. 

Slub,s. [Slubra, Dan.] Thick mire. 
And these helow, in the North. 

Cleg, 8, A gad-fly. [Klaeg, Dan.] 

Eldin, 8, Fuel. [lid, Dan.] 

To Gar, o. a. To compel. [Gior, Dan.] 

Groof, 8. A hollow in the ground. [Groof, Dan.] 

Harns, 8, Brains. [Hieme, Dan.] 

Haugh, 8, A hillock. [Haughur, Dan.] 

To Hoven, v. n. To'swell. [Hover, Dan.] 

Laches, «. Boggy places. [Lagg, Dan.] 

To Mind, v, a. To remember. [Minde, Dan.] 

Moudewarp, s. A mole. [Muldwarp, Dan.] 

Naar, prep. Near. [Naer, Dan-] 

Neaf, «. The fist. [Naeve, Dan.] 

Nick, 8, The Devil. [Nicken, Dan.] 

Prod, 8, A goad. [Prod, Dan.] 

Raun, 8. Fish-roe. [Raun, Dan.] 

Scratt, Oud Scratt, 8. The Devil. [Skratta, Dan.] 

Siiven, 8, A sloven. [Slaver, Dan.] 

Stank, 8, A boggy place. [Staen, Dan.J 

Toomed,]9ar^ pa88. Emptied. [Tommer, Dan.] 

Yewl-Clog, 8, A Christmas log. [Jule-dag, Dan.] 

The next class of words are those which have a Saxon origin ; 
hut to attempt to enumerate these would be only an idle waste of 
*ime, as they are spread so generally through all the counties of 
England, with the exception, perhaps, of Cornwall, as to form the 
vernacular tongue of the great mass of the people, and more 
particularly of those in the rural districts. As we have before 
observed, that, on the arrival of the Romans, some of the Britons 

bl 



X. INTRODUCTION. 

fled to the moantainous fastnesses of Wales, and there, to this 
day, have retained among them the ancient language of the 
countryy so, on the arrival of the Normans, many of the Saxons 
retired to the North ; or, at all events, ftrom the greater contiguity 
of the southern counties to the French coast, the Norman language 
was introduced to a much greater extent among' the inhabitants 
of the South than those of the North, In short, the language haa 
spread but little in the North to this day, and I do not know that 
I shall be venturing too far, if I assert that even at the present 
time the Saxon tongue is the one spoken by the mass of the 
people who reside north of the river Humber. There is one 
peculiarity in those counties which it may be well to mention 
here, as helping to prove the assertion I have made. I allude to 
the use of the following words, in wh ich the vowel A is retained 
which is the original Saxon, whereas in the south the O is 
substituted, as may, be seen below, viz. :— 

Sax, North, Bng. 

Agen. AsD, Awn. Own, pron, 

Ath. Aath, Aith. Oath, i. 

AlUAin. ^ Alaan. Alone, a. 

Onmang. Amang. Among, prep, 

Strang. Strang. Strong, a4f« 

Fm. Fra. Fro, ado, 

Tao. Taa. Toe, f. 

Thrang. Thraog. Throng, f. 

I shall now proceed to the consideration of words of Norman 
or French etymon. As the Normans were the last race of 
foreigners who conquered this country, there has been no new 
language since introduced to destroy whatever influence that has 
been capable of producing; the struggle has been between the 
Norman and the Saxon, and the latter has prevailed, most 
decidedly, in all the Provincial Dialects. The Normans adopted 
the plan which has been considered by conquerors, in general, as 
one of the most efiectual means of subduing a people, viz., that of 
compelling them, as far as possible, to use their own language ; 
but as respects the mass of the people — and it is with them we 
have to deal — the attempt has most signally failed. The Normans 
compelled all the learned professions to make use of Norman- 
French. To the disgrace of the nation, the king, to this day. 



INTRODUCTION. XI. 

when he gi^^es the royal assent to an act of parliament does not 
say in good English, ^* The King consents," hut in Norman 
French, ** Lo, Roi U veut,'* Many of oar statutes are still 
designated hy the harharous words which stand at their heginning 
in this language. 

A court of assize is called a court of " Oyer et terminer." Our 
town criers did, until very lately, commence their notices with 
*< Oycz ! Oyez! Oyez!*' But all these are relics of official 
usages — usages of the educated, and not of the uneducated, classes* 
Among the latter we find comparatively few words of Norman 
origin ; in East Anglia are the following, viz. :— 

Bail> s. The handle of a pail. Bailler, Fr. 

Broaches, s. Span. Broche, Fr. a spit. 

Chick, 8, A flaw in earthenware. Chiche, Fr. 

Choc, ifUerj\ A word used to drive away pigSi &c. Chou. O. F. 

Chuffy, adj\ Fat and fleshy about the cheeks, Jooffa, Fr. 

Clicket, adj. Voluble. Cliqueter, Fr. 

Cosh, t. The glume of corn. Cacher, F. 

Crible, f . A fine sort of bran. Cribler, F. 

Culp, t. A hard blow. [Coulp, O. F.] 

To Daunt, v, a. To knock down. Dompter, F. 

Dibles, 8, pi. Scrapes. D ableries, F. 

Fraylings, s . Threads of cloth unravelled. Fraisle, O. F. brittle. 

To Gavel, v. a. To collect mown com into heaps, in order to its 

being loaded. Gavelle,-,F. 
Gimmers, s. Small hinges. Gemeau, F. 
Harriage, 8, Confusion. Harier, F. 
Hobby, t, A small horse. Hobin, F. 
:. Journey, s. The time a man is at plough. Joume^, Fr. 

To Ladle, v, n. To dawdle. Lasdaller, F. 
Lanyer, s. The lash of a whip. Lani^re, F. 
Lucarn, f. A window in the roof of a house. Lucame,^ F. 
Mavis, f. A thrush. Mauvis, F. 
To Moise, v. n. To improve. Moison, O. F. 
Mure-hearted, €u(;. Meek-spirited. Mur, F. 
To Plenny, v, n. To complain fretfully. Plaindre, F. 
Prest, aijy. Ready. Prest, O. F. 
To Ranter, v, a. To pour liquor from a large, into smaller casks. 

Rentraire, Fr. 
Say, f, A taste or trial of anything, sufficient to give a wish for 

more. Sayer, O. F. 
Soe, 8, A large tub, Seau, Fr. 



Xii. INTRODUOTIOW. 

Soller, s, A loft. Solive, F. 

Stank, s. A dam. Estanche, N, F« 

Tans of Teai Cup of tea. Tasse, Fr. a cup. 

To Tiffle, V, n. To be very busy about trifles. Tiffer, F. 
In the North are these under, viz. : — 

Aigre, adj» Soar. Aigre, F. sour. 

Alley, s. The conclusiou of a game at foot-ball, when the ball has 
passed the bounds. Aller, F. to go. 

Aumry, «. A cup-board. Armoire. 

Average, *, Winter provender. Hiver, F. 

Cammarely «. The hock of a horse. Cambre, F. crooked. 

Collop, 8, A slice of meat. Colp, O. F. 

£shlar-wall, «. A wall built of stones laid in course or by scale. 
Echeller, Fr. 

Patters or Fitters, s. Tatters. Feudre. 

Gray-stones, s. Mill-stones for grinding coarse grain. Gr^, F. rough. 

Grees, «• Stairs. Gr^s, F. 

Lover, ». A chimney. L'Ouverte, F. opening. 

Mas] in, s* Mixed com. Mesle, O. F. 

To Mell, V. n To meddle. Meier, F. 

Mouter, 9, Mulcture for grinding. Moudre. 

To Roy, V. To domineer. Roy, F. king. 

Sturdy, s. Water on the brain in sheep, which renders them dull and 
stupid. Estourdi,F. 

Taumed-owr, part, poM» Swooned away. Tomber, F. 

Tom-noddy, ». A tom-fool. Naudin, N. F. 
In the west there are hut very few words of Norman extraction^ 
80 far, at least, as my knowledge of them extends. Bnt in East 
SnsseXy Kent, and Hants, they are, as might he expected, much 
more abundant, as the following list will show: — 

Apple-Terre, s. An orchard. Terre, F. Land. 

Ails or Isles, «. Beards of barley. Ailes, W. S. 

Auvril, »• April. Avril, K. 

Bail, «. The handle of a pail. Bailler. 

Batter, $, An abatement. Abattre. 

Bobbery, ». A squabble. Babil. 

Breachy, adj. Brackish. Br^che. 

Broach^ «. A spit. Broche. 

To Bunker, o. a. To leap a hedge. Bon coeur. 

Brass, a<(/* Puffed up. Brusque. 

To Bratt, V. a. To biouse. Brouter. 

Budge, s. A water cask. Bouge. 

To Chuck, r. a. To toss. Choc. 



INTRODUCTION. Xlll. 

To Coze, V. ti. To converse earnestly and familiarly. Causer, Fr. 

to talk. 
Dormer-Window, s. A window in the roof of the house. Dormir, 

to sleep. 
To Fay, v. ti. To act well. Faire, F. to do. 
Footyi adj. Insignificant, futile. Futile. 
Gratten, t, A stubble field. Gratter, to scratch. 
To Jabber, v. n. To talk fast. Gaber. 
Janty, cuij. Showy. Gentil. 
Jet, s, A large ladle. Jetter. 
Lurry, s. A quick, careless way of reading. Lire. 
Luton, s» A projecting window in a house. Lucarne, F. 
Ni, «. A brood of pheasants. Nid, F. 
Oylet-hole, 8. An eye-let hole. CEil, F. eye. 
To Poachy V. n. To be too soft to bear cattle, said of land when very 

wet. Poch<^, F. 
Poke, s» A large bag. Poche, F. Pocket. 

To Poochy V, To pout out the lips. 

Rut, s, A wheel track. Route, F. 

To Serve, v. To feed. Servir, F. 

Sew, s. An under-drain. Sous, F. under. 

Sewent or Suent, adj. Even ; regularly following. Suivre. 

To Soss, V. To mix or throw liquids about in a careless way^ 
Sauce, F. 

Sullage. «. Filth, sediment. Souiller, F. 

Before leaving this part of the subject, I must observe that 
there are several words in common use in the eastern part of 
Sussex and the adjoining part of Kent, which are so completely of 
French origin as to make it necessary that they should be noticed 
here, they are these, viz. :— 

English. E. Suss. French. 

Bohnet. Bunnet. Bonnet. 

To-day. To-dee. Di. 

Days-work, Desork. 

Dis, Dere. This, There. 

Mermaid. Maremaid. Mer, sea. 

Then again, there are strong distinctive modes of pronouncing 
certain words between the North and South, showing the preva- 
lence of a French pronunciation in the South. 

English. North. South. 

Come, Comb, Cum. 

Conduit, Conduit, Cunduit. 

Stone, Wt. Stone. Stun. 



XIV. INTRODUCTION. 

We will now proceed to notice some of the pecaliarities of 
pronunciation in the different coanties in England. I say nothing 
of Cornwall, not heing acqaaiuted with it^ and helieving the root 
of its provincialisms to he the Ancient British. Leaving Cornwall 
then, for the reasons ahove ^ven, I shall commence with Somer- 
set. The great pecaliarity of Somerset is converting S into Z ; 
as, sing, zing ; see, zee ; sand, zand ; seed, zeead. For I saw» 
they say I zeed. They frequently put the article A before the 
numeral adjectives ; as. How far is it to Bath ? About a four 
mile. Un is used for him, her, it. F is hardened into V ; as 
fire, vier ; fit, vit ; fur, vur ; further, vurder. Th is changed 
into D, as thrash, drash. 

DEVONSHIRE. 

The following notice, which was copied from the Sun News- 
paper of April 5, 1835, and said to have lately been stuck up at 
the Market-house, Taunton, will give a better idea of the pro- 
vincial dialect of this county, than I could by a long-laboured 
dissertation upon it. " Lost a hempty zack we anuther zack in 
un^ a guse; a wet-stun, and a peke ov taters. £ny boddy vinding 
the zame, and oil bring un to Varmer Dusson, at the Nag*s Hid, 
shall ha dree shilling gied to un, and a kup o'drink. 

In this county, the letter O is changed into U, and pronounced 
rather in a whistling tone ; two, tuu ; do, duu ; lose, lewse. A 
lady once told me a laughable circumstance on this subject. The 
clerk of the parish in which she resided, when he had to read 
that verse in the 25th Psalm, beginning. Who is the King of 
Glory? Who? used to say, Whew is the King of Glory? 
Whew-ew ? 

DORSETSHIRE. 

The same observations as hare been made generally on the 
two preceding counties, will also apply to this. S is Z, but not 
quite so strong as in Somerset ; Th is D ; F is V. Him is un, 
and so on .Ago is agoo. 



INTRODUCTION. XV. 

WILTSHIRE 

Differs but little from Dorset. Among the words of this 
county, I have observed the' retention of the old Saxon pronun- 
ciation in some, as, 

W. Sax. Eng^. 

Amang, OomaDg. Among. 

Alang, AloDg^. 

HANTS. 

In the northern part of this county, they say amang and alang, 
as in Wilts; as, "The wind's all down alang.'* In the south, he 
is invariably used for it, in the nominative case, so that a saying 
exists there to the effect, that, '^ Everything is called he except 
a tom-cat, and that is called the." 

Un is used in the accusative case for him, her, It ; as, ** Let un 
alone ;" '' Bring un here.'* The first and third persons of verbs 
are sadly changed about, as I likes, and he like ; we loves, they 
loves, she love. F is turned into V ; as fallow, vallow ; furrow, 
vurrow, vurrer, voore; Th into D ; and, in short, the provincial 
dialects of all these western counties already mentioned, agree 
in almost all their leading features. 

BERKSHIRE 

May be included in the same remark, together with the extreme 

western part of 

SUSSEX. 

But when we travel eastward in this county, we find a change. 
Here we find many words of French pronunciation, and a very 
strong broad mode of speaking, rather than downright obsolete 
words. The V and W are sadly transmuted. William is Villiam, 
and virtue becomes wirtue. " We have wicious vomen, and a 
wast deal of wiolence vhen the vind blows." The H is aspirated 
when it ought not to be, and omitted where it should be pro- 
nounced. To show the broad mode of speocb here, we may 
adduce the following instances, as thus. 

Impiety is pronounced Impierty. 
Deity, Deirty. 

Pliable, Pliarble. 

Devilish, Devirlish. 



Xvi. INTRODUCTION. 

A IS frequently pronounced like E, as, 

Satisfaction, Setisfection. 

Wax, Wex. 

Manifold, Menifold. 

James, Jeemes* 

Firepan, Firepen. 

Salvation, Selvation. 

In words ending in en, the last syllable is frequently dropped, 
as sharp for sharpen. *' Sharp the knife." 

In compound substantives the emphasis is almost invariably 
laid on the first syllable, as firepan is pronounced firepan, hop- 
pole, hopple. 

O is often changed into A, as top is called tap ; sop, sap ; 
crop, crap. 

KENT, 

In the part which adjoins the eastern extremity of Sussex, par 
ticipates in the same peculiarities ; the V and W are mutilated 
worse than in East Sussex, and the mal-aspiration and non-aspi- 
ration of the H are still more marked. I have heard a Clergy- 
man say, '' Hares of Salvation." ''The Kentish men have stout 
arts and strong harms." A Kentish man, when at college, being 
infected with his county pronunciation, had the following trick 
played him. He had a bust in his room, and some friend pasted 
bits of papeir on different parts, inscribed as follows, viz : ** My Ed 
his hempty ; my Hies bar shut, and my Hears can't Ear." Here, 
as well as in East Sussex, he is used for am, is, are. I be ; he be ; 
you or we be ; and were is used in the singular for was. " I were 
there ; he were not there." Words of two syllables, having a 
double R, are pronounced as one long syllable, as thus — barrow, 
barr-r ; isparrow, sparr-r ; farrow, faiT-r ; carry, carr-r. In East 
Sussex and here, for anywhere, somewhere, they say anywheres, 
somewheres. In the upper or north-western parts of this county 
the provincial pronunciation falls into that of the Metropolis. 

SURRY. 

The southern and western parts of Surry partake of the adjoin- 
ing provincialisms of Sussex and Hants, and the northern side of 
those of the Metropolis. 



INTRODUCTION. XVll. 

BlM)KINOHAM. 

A friend, residing in this coanty, tells me that owing to its 
€<Hitigaity to London, he cannot discover any very striking differ- 
ence hetween the pronunciation of the two. 

MIDDLESEX. 

Though the Metropolie he situated in this county, there is no 
part of the kingdom in which the King's English is more unmerci- 
fully marred. We have hut to look at the Police-Reports for 
confirmation of this ohservation. If a man is hronght up as a 
disorderly, he pleads ' hintossication' as his excuse, says he is 
** worry sorry for vot he has done, and hopes his Vorship vill 
pardon him this time, as he is sure his conduct for the future vill 
be^htrreproachable.** Thing is always pronouneed think. 

LONDON. 

A chimney-sweeper speaks, '^ Your Vorship, the prisoner is voo 
o' these ere chaps vot goes ahoni the streets fringing the statty o' the 
law, hy calling out ' seweep' to the noyance o' the respectahle part 
of the community of the people, and I am a respectable master 
seweep vot lays the hinformations. On Thursday last I came to this 
here hoffice and conwicted a lot on 'em, and on leaving the hoffice, 
Davies called me a rogue and a hinformer, and sevore that mas- 
ters ought to be gagged as vel as the men, and that ore's all I 
got to say your Vorship. — Sun Pbper, August 25th, 1836, 

HERTS AND ESSEX, 

In the parts adjoining Middlesex, partake of its character- 
istics; lower down a broader pronunciation prevails. A lady 
went some few years ago to take up her residence in the latter 
county, when a boy coming one morning to the house, she asked 
him how many children his father had, to which the boy replied 
''noine." The lady not Hoderstanding the boy, repeated the 
question, and received the same answer, *^ noine." She, thinking 
the boy said '' none,'' exclaimed, ** that can't be the case, because 
you are one at all events;" on further uquiry she found the boy 
flieant *^ nine." She is applied to thiags here, as ho is in Hamp- 
shire. If you plough her again the will make a good fallow. 

c 1 



XVill. INTRODUCTION. 

NORFOLK AND SUFFOLK. 

The late Rev. Mr. Forby has written so ably and so fully on 
these two counties, that it would be presumptous in me to offer 
anything in addition to what he has done. I shall merely remark 
here^ that I have understood that the uneducated classes have a 
sort of singing or whining tone in their speech. In Suffolk they 
use the article A before many, as, " What a many people there 
were at the fair." 

CAMBRIDGE, HUNTINGDON, BEDFORD, LEICESTER, 
NOTTINGHAM, RUTLAND, NORTHAMPTON, 

OXFORD, WARWICK. 

Of these, the midland counties of England, I know very little. 
I have heard it said that much better English is spoken here 
than in any other part of the kingdom, but whether or not this 
be the fact I must leave others, who are more competent to the 
task, to decide. Having been in the parts where the counties of 

WARWICK, GLOUCESTER, AND WORCESTER 

Adjoin each other, 1 observed the pronouns were very much 
abused, as for our, your, his, they say owr'n, yowrn, his'n ; the 
accusative is substituted for the nominative, as, ** Us sow a good 
deal of wheat ; her is gone ; him is a lazy fellow." Here, too, 
beans are called banes, and why not b-e-a-n be bane, as well as 
b-e-a-r be bare ? 

STAFFORDSHIRE. 

In this county the £ in there and where is pronounced as in 
hefe, mere. Once is pronounced as though it were spelled 
^* Woonce,'' punch, poonch. As there, is in Sax. thoer, and where, 
whoer, the Staffordshire pronunciation is not amiss. 

DERBY AND CHESHIRE. 

With these counties I am unacquainted, but most probably 
their pronunciation partakes more of the North than of any 
other part of England. 



INTRODUCTION. XIX. 

SHROPSHIRE AND HEREFORD. 

Whether I am right in joiDing these two counties together I 
really will not pretend to say. Whether the letter H is the same 
torment to Hereford, which we know it to he in Shropshire, I will 
not take upon myself to decide. That Shrewsbury is sorely 
worried with this said letter H, the following verses will shew 
better than any thing I could write on the subject. 

The petition of the letter H to the Inhabitants of Shrewsbury, 
greeting: — 

Whereas I have by yoa been driven 

From House, from Home, from Hope, from Heaven, 

And plac'd by your most learn'd Society, 

In Exile, Anguish, and Anxiety, 

And used, without one just pretence. 

With Arrogance and Insolence ; 

1 here demand full restitution. 

And beg you'll mend your elocution. 

To this petition the Inhabitants of Shrewsbury returned the 
following answer : — 

Whereas we We rescued you, Ingrate! 

From Hand-cuff, Horror, and from Hate, 

From Hell, from Horse-pond, and from Halter 

And consecrated you in Altar, 

And plac'd you, where you ne'er should be. 

In Honour and in Honesty; 

We deem your pray'r a rude intrusion, 

And vfiWnot mend our elocution. 

MONMOUTH, 

Being on the borders of Wales, and also of Hereford, it is 
reasonable to suppose it partakes of the peculiarities of both. 

LINCOLNSHIRE , 

The pronunciation in this county resembles that of the North ; 
thus, very is vairy — vairy good. Foot is fut— futman. Coop, 
cooperi are pronounced as the double O in stoop, that is long and 



XX. innoBvcnos. 

not short, as in the South. The Ittbouring claas have a very 
broad pronuuciation, as may be* shewn by the following anec- 
dote : — 

One gentleman laid a wager with another, that the first coun- 
tryman, they met (so well did they understand the scripture) could 
tell them the name of the man who was saved in the flood ; they met 
one, and having asked him the proposed question, ^^ Do you know 
the name of the man who was saved in the flood?'' received for an 
answer, " No-ah ;" that is. No. 

NORTHUMBERLAND, CUMBERLAND, WESTMORE- 
LAND^ DURHAM, YORKSHIRE, AND LANCASHIRE, 

May all be included under one general head. As 1 have observed 
in my remarks generally on the northern parts of the kingdom, 
the letter A is in many words substituted for O ; as for is called 
far; short, shart; load, laad ; strong, Strang; and, vice versa, 
heart becomes hort ; part, port ; hand, hond. The single and 
double L are often sounded like W; as hall is called haw; 
Almighty, Awmighty ; fault, liawt. 

The G at the end of words is changed into K ; as thing think, 
wooing, wooink. 

The D is changed into T at the end of words; as behind, 
behint; wind, wint. 

The dipthoog OU is changed into A broad, as cow, ea ; thou, 
tha. Sometimes it is changed into eaw ; as thou, theaw ; cow, 
ceaw. 

The I is changed into double £, or, mcnre properly, the £ is 
retained, whereas in the South the I is subbtituted, as light, leet; 
sight, seet ; night, ueet. 

The O is not changed into U as it is in the South, and I have 
heard a north-country Clergyman read, '^ And they spake in 
divers tongs." 

Perhaps it may not be thought irrelevant to the subject on 
which we are treating, if I mention here a particularity, which I 
have observed among the uneducated classes generally ; I mean 
the tendency which they have to change the spelling or pronun. 
elation of words, the meaning of which they are not well 
acquainted with, for the sake of rendering them intelligible to 



IKTBODUCnON. XXK 

their own capackks. I will gita h«re a few words by way of 
elncidating my meaning. 

Bag^ of Nails, Bacchanali, an old sign of a public-house in Pimlico. 
Boarder of Dover Castle^ Tlie ofl&cer who arrests the debtors in the 

Cinque Ports, for the purpose of taking them to Dover Castle, where they 

are confined. The proper word is Bodar, which is still used in all 

pnbKc documents. 
BMCEatersy Beaafottiers. Men stationed at the King's Beaafet, to lake 

care of it. 
Bloody Mars, Bled de Mars, Mars Wheat. A species of wheat introduced 

into England a few years ago on account of the stiffness of its straw 

which rendered it fit for making into plait for bonnets. 
Boneless, Boreas. In Kent, when the wind blows violently, (hey say ''^Boneless 

is at the door.** 
Catch Bogne. Cachereau, Norm. French. 

A. bom-baliff. Nerf, 

Country Dance. Contre dance, Fr« 
Goat and Compasses. An old sign in the Eastern part of London in the time 

of the Puritans, having a pair of compasses, with the motto, ''God en- 
compasses us.*' 
Mount Widgeon Pea. Monte Yidean. The name of a pea, introduced into 

this country from Monte Video. ; 

O Yes I O Yes I Oyez ! Oyez ! Fr. Hear ! The old exclamation made by the 

criers to call people's attention to the notices they were about to give. 
PiBcbera^ Piicers, Pincer» Fr. 
Poney. Pone, Lat» behind. The person who sits behind the dealer at a 

game of cards, whose business it is to collect the cards preparatory to the 

next deal. 
Scarlet Likeness. The scarlet lychnis, a flower. 

Shallow-Church. Shadoxhurst, the name of a village near Ashford, Kent. 
SbapheidVWelL SibbaU's Wold, a village near Dover, Kent. 

In perusing the foregoing remarks, the reader mast have ob- 
served that many of the peculiarities in the proyincial dialects 
proceed from the transmutation or change of many letters in the 
Tarious words quoted. The following changes may he noted, 
viz:— A and £, A and O, D and Th, F. and V, G and K, S and 
Z, V and W, O and U, Oo and U, D and T. 

In the southern and eastern parts of Sassez and Kent the A is 
oliaDged into E, in the following words, m:— 

Wax, Wez. James, Jeemes. 

Salvation, Salvation, Satisfaction, Setisfection. 



XXll. INTRODUCTION. 

FirepaOi Firepeo^ MeDoy, 1 

MaDj, Manifold, MeDoifoId. 

The E into A in the following, viz :— 

Mermaid, Maremaid. 

Bed, Baid. Shed, Shade. 

Wsez heing Saxon for wax, and Meenig, Sax. for many, this deriva- 
tion may account for, and justify, the pronunciation of these two 
words ; for the others perhaps we must pass through the French 
up to the Latin ; salt is in Latin, sal, hut in French, sel. Thus 
the Freuch have changed the Latin A into E, and the coasts of 
Kent and Sussex having heen nearer to the Normans when they 
conquered England, and to the French at the present day, the 
transmutation may thus he fairly accounted for. Moreover we 
have cams, Lat. cher, Fr. dear ; mare, Lat. mer, Fr. the sea. 

The changing E into A is evidently from the French, as the 
undermentioned words will show, viz : — 

PlWI. 

Mer, Fr. the lea. Mare. 
Mere, Fr. mother. Mare. 
Bled, Fr. com. Blay. 
Bled de Mars. Blaj de Marr. 

A is changed into O in these words, in the North, viz : hand, 
hood ; part, port ; heart, hort. Heart is derived from Heort, 
Sax ; hence hort is no doubt much nearer the original pronunci- 
ation than hart, as it is in the South ; and this being established, 
other words with an A in them, as hand and part, might ver^ 
naturally follow the same rule. 

O is changed into A in the^North, in for, far ; short, shart ; 
load, laad ; strong, Strang, 

South. North, 8ax» 

For, Far, Faor, 

Load, Laad, Lade. 

Strong, Strang, Strang. 

Here we have at once, the best authority for the pronunciation 
of these three words, and the other may be easily accounted for 
by the force of general habit. 

In the south-east, part of Sussex and Kent, we have sap for 
sop, tap for top, crap for crop. But for this change I cannot 
account. 



INTRODUCTION. XXlii. 

D is changed into Th, in the following words—Fodder, fother; 
ladder, lather. These words are thus pronounced in East Sussex 
and Essex. In the western counties Th is changed into D, as 
thrash, drash ; three, dree ; throw, dro. In East Sussex and Kent 
this is pronounced dis ; that, dat ; there dare ; the, de. Tho change 
in the latter words may fairly he ascrihed to the French pronun- 
ciation, which prevails in the parts where they are used. The 
changes in the former words seem to arise from the same cause 
(whatever that is) which influences words of Northern origin ; as 
there, is in Sax. thser, Belg. daer ; to thrash, threscan. Sax. 
derschen, Belg. ; thread, thrsed. Sax. draed, Belg. F is changed 
into V in all the western counties; as furrow, vurrow ; field, veeld ; 
few, vew ; fire, vire. 

The same difference exists in the Northern Dialects with re- 
gard to F and V, as was ohserved hetween D and Th, as thus: — 
Field. Feld, Sax. Veld, Belg. 

Full. Full, Sax. Vol], Belg. 

Furrow. Furh, Sax. Vore, Belg. 

Whether the V was pronounced like F in the ancient British^ 
I will not take upon myself to say, hut it may he ohserved here 
that such is the Welch pronunciation at this time, as may he 
seen in these words : — very, ferry, Welch. Shakspeare in his 
** Merry Wives of Windsor,*' makes Evans, a Welch parson, say, 
ferry, fehemently, fidelicit, focative, for very, vehemently, videli« 
cit, vocative, 

G is changed into K, in the termination of some words in the 
North ; as thing, think ; wooing, wooink. Until I found in Tim 
Bohhin that this pronunciation was common in Lancashire, I 
always considered it belonged exclusively to the Londoners, who 
say for thing, anything, think, anythink. For this change I cannot 
pretend to assign any reason. 

S and Z are transposed ; in Somersetshire S is almost inva- 
riably turned into Z, as sand, zand ; see, zee ; seed, zeed. In 
]^t Sussex, lozenge is pronounced lossenge. After all, perhaps, 
the substitution of these letters for each other, is nothing more 
than the same letter sounded either hard or soft, as habit or 
custom may lead. Changes of this kind have taken place in our 
own. times as may be seen in the word rise, which used to be 
pronounced rize, now it is rice. 



Xxiv. INTRODUCTION. 

^ V and W are sadly traaeposed in XastSasfiWx, Kent, and Middle- 
sex. Tiiese two letters seem to have been adopted in spelling 
the saiae words by different northern nations^ as thus :— 

Engluh, Sax, Iceland. 

Waddiogr, Wad, Vad. 

Wagoo, Wagen, Vagn. 

To Ward, Weardian Varde. 

Wax, Waex, Vax. 

And thus, perhaps^ they have become jiimbled together as they 
too frequently are, 
O and Uy 00 and U are also transposed. 
The O is changed into U in the South ; as, 

English. North. Souths 

CoDdoity Conduit, Conduit. 

Tongues, Tongs, Tungi. 

Constable, Constable, Cunstable. 

Bonnet, Bonnet, Bunnet. 

This may be attributed to the French pronunciation, which I 
have before had occasion to mention, as being foand in many 
words in the sottthern parts of the kingdom. 

The U in Staffordshire is pronounced as double O ; thus, — 

Once, Wunee, Woonce. Staff, 

Punch, Puncfry Poonch. 

And I think Boswell, in his Life of Johnson, mentions that the 
Dr. always thus pronounced the latter word, and he, as every one 
knows, was a native of Lichfield. 

D is changed into T in the North, as behind, behint ; wind, 
wint. The Welch do the same ; as, God, Got ; good, goot ; devil, 
tevil. D and T are but the hard and soft pronunciation of the 
fiame letter, as is the case with € and S, S. and Z, C and K. Thus 
Dr. Caius, the Frenchman, in the " Merry Wives of Windsor,** 
says, dis, dat; while Evans, the Welchman, says tevil. With 
the Dutch and Belgians the Th is D, as de, the ; dat, that. 



HOLLOWAY'S 



DICTIONARY OF PROVINCIALISMS. 



AAC. 



ACD. 



A, oiv. Yes. A ia also used for the pro- 
noun he ; as '* A zed-B'd do it ;" he said 
he'd do it. Somersetshire. 

A is frequently found prefixed to words in 
old English, now no longer so used, as 
apart, anear, anigh,alost. 
AAC, \s. [Aac. Oak. Sax.] An oak tree . 

Craven, York, 
AAN, AWN, pro. [Ain. Scotch.] Own. 

Craven, York, 
AATH.s. Aith,Goth. York, 

ABBEY-TREE, ». Yoik. [Aubel Fr. 

poplar- tree] 
ABELE-TREE, s. Hants. [Populusalba, 

white poplar.] 
ABBEY-LUBBER, s. [Abbey and Lubber.] 
Nukts, or inhabitants of Abbeys, being 
indolent.] (A lazy idle fellow.) Craven, 

York. 
ABEL-WHACKETS, s, [From Abel and 
Whacky a corruption of Thwack.] A 
game played by sailors with cards ; the 
loser receiving so many strokes from a 
handkerchief t\risted into a knot on his 
hand, as he has lost the games. 
ABOONi prep. [Scotch.] Above. Craven. 

Yorkshire. 

ABOUf , prep. Near to. Suff. Norf, Suss. 

As ** is that horse worth twenty pounds V* 

*• No ! nothing about it." 

ABBOOO, a<l0. When a hen is sitting on 

her eggs she is said to be abrood. 

Somerset, 
[Corruption of bitten]. 

Kent. 

ripple on the surface of 

Craven. York, 

ACKER, s. [Acker-Germ, a field.] Fine 

mould. Fields being ploughed produce 

fine mould. Craven. York. 

ACCORAH-EARTH, s. [Acker. Germ.] 

A field ; gieen arable earth. , North. 



ABIllSDt part. 

Mildewed. 
ACKER, 8. A 

the water. 



7*0 AC K, V, a. [Ache from Ace. Sax. Pain. 
" Don't pain or grieve yourself about it." 
to mind or regard. North. 

ACKER -SPRIT, s. [Acker, a' field; and 
spry than Sax. to sporut.] A potatoe with 
roots at both ends. North. 

ACKNOWN, ptprt.'' Acknowledged. North. 
ADAM'S ALE, Water. York, Hants. Sus- 
sex. General. 
A-DAYS, adv. Now. (Abbreviation of 
'' now-a days.") South, and North. 

To ADDLE, v. [Eadlean Ang. Sax. A re- 
ward or recompense for labour ; to earo.] 
" To addle his sHbon," is when a horse 
falls upon his back, and rolls from one 
side to the other. Craven York, Lincoln. 
In Hampshire or Sussex when a horse 
does this he is said to earn a gallon of 



oats. 
ADDLE, ». A 
ADDLED, adj. 

matter in it. 
ADDLED-EGG, «, 
egg 



swelling with matter in it. 
Having pus or corrupt 

Sowterset. 

A stale or putrefied 

Somerset.. 



ADLE, aJj. [Corruption of addle.] Un- 
sound ; unwell ; as *' I am very adle to 
day ;" that is, weak or giddy in the 
head. E^si Sussesf. 

[All these words are derived from Adel. 
Sax. a disease.] 
ADMIRAL OF THE BLUE, s. A publican, 
so named, because formerly they wore 
blue aprons. Classical Dictionary of 
Vulgar Tongue. 8rd Edition, 1796. 
ADVISED, pcnrt, pas. Acquainted; as " I 
am not advised oiUy 1 am not acquaint- 
ed of it." North. 
AFEARED, adi. Afraid. [Old English]. 
** Hal, art thou not horribly afeared,'' 
Shakespeare's Henry 4th. York, Scm r- 

set. Hants. Sussex, 
A-fURT, adj. Sullen. Somerset. 

A. 



AFO 



ALA. 



AFORE, prep, [Old Eflgliftfa]. Before. 

Yaik, Somerset, 

AFOBNy prep, tOld English.] Before. 

Somersei. 

AFOREHAND, oJr. [Old English]. Be- 
forehand. York, 

AFTERINGS, s. The last part of a cow's 
milk. Derby, 

AFTERMATH, s. [After and mawan, to 
mow. Sax.] The pasture after the grass 
has been mown. South and North, 

AGAIN, /irgv.'l Against. South, North, 

> Corruption of against. 

AGENT, j9re/9. 3 Against* Sussex, 

Tb AGE, V. n. To grow old, as ^' he ages 
very much, that is he grows old very 
fast." Suff. Norf. E, Suss, 

7b AGGRAVATE, V. a. To irritate. /)itto. 

AGONE, adv. Ago ; since. Norf, Suff. 

AGUE s, [Aigu. Fr. Acute.] A swelling 
or inflammation from taking cold ; as 
" an ague in the face.'* Norf. 

AGUE-OINTMENT, s. An ointment for 
curing agues in the face. Norf, 

agaIt; 2|:} f*8»»"'] ^f«''>- ^'^*- 

AGGING. part. act. 7 L!f rC„r«l^' 
AGGING.P.act. j^-3^J°«f 1-- 

Sussex, and many other counties. 
AGYE, adv. Aside ; to look agye ; to look 
aside. North, 

AGAIT, adv, York. Beginning 
AGATE, adv. Cheshire. Going. ^ 

AGEEAN, prep. Somerset, 7^^^,"" i^j'JS 
AGEN,p^ Han.s.j--Pj--<>f 

AGIN, ado. As if. ' Craven. York, 

AGON, adv. [Agao. Sax. past or gone.] 

Somerset, 

AGOO, adv. Agoo; since. Dorset, 

A HUH, adv, [Awoh. Ang. Sax. crookedly.] 

Awry ; aslant. Norf. Suff, Suss. Hcmis, 

AIMED, part, pas. Intended; conjectured. 

York. 

ATTII, s. An oath. York. 

AILS or ILES, OILS, s, [Ailes. French. 

Wings.] Beards of barley or other com. 

Essex, Hants, 

AJGRE, adj. [Aigre. Fr. Sour.] Sour 

acid* York, 

AIXES, «. [Probably from ache.] An 

ague. ' North, 

AJAR, adv, [Guerre. Fr. War. figuratively 

confusing; clashing; shaking; a door 

ajar, is a door partially open, liable to be 

shaken, or moved easily.] York, Hants. 

Sussex. 
AKARP, adj. Corruption of awkward. 

York. 

AKER-STAFF, s, fAker and staff.] An 

instmment to cleanse the plough-coulter. 

Bailey 
ALAAN, adj, [All and aiQ ; goth^ witbo t 
a companion.] Alone. Crcmen, York. 
ALE-STALL, or STOOL, 8. & Norf, Suff, 



ALE-STALDER,or9rOL0EB,t* E.S«i8. 

Stillion. E, Suss, 

[StaK Berg. A stall or bench.] 

ALANTOM, adv, ^Da Lontano Ital. Loin- 

ALAMTUM, adv. Stain Fr. Far off; along 

3 time. At adistance. York, 
ALEGAR,*. [Ale and aigre. Fr. Sour.] 
Sour ale used as vinegar. Cumberland, 
ALKITHOLE, s, A fool. Exmour. 

ALLEN, s. S [Aid. Sax.] Old and Land. 
/Grass-land lately broken up. 
OLLAND, 9. S Norf Suff, 

ALLEY, s, [Alabaster, being made of that 
and not of clay, like common marbles] 
A marble used by boys to shoot with, 
commonly called a taw, and much valued 
by them. Norf Suff, W, Sussex, 

ALLEMANG, adv. [All and among.] Mixed 
together as two flocks of sheep when got 
together. fFiUsMre, 

It may be well to observe here, that in 
Wiltshire and the northern part of 
Hampshire, the o in many words is 
changed into a, as seen in this word and 
in along. In North Hants, they say the 
wind is all down alang. We are apt to 
smile at the ignorance, as we are pleased 
to call it, evinced in this pronunciation, 
whereas the fact is that this is the ori- 
ginal, genuine pronunciation, and ours 
IS the corruption, as may be shewn in 
the word *' Among,'* which is derived 
from the Sax. " Anmang,*' or ** Geman- 
gan." Teut. to mingle. 
ALLEMASHDAY, s. [Allumage-Day from 
Allumers to light. Fr ] The day on 
which the Canterbury silk weavers begin 
to work by candle light. Kent. Gtvse. 
ALL-HOLLANDS-DAY, «. > All Saints' 
ALD-HALLO WS-DAY, s. J Day. Nov. I . 

Hants, 
In some places in South Hants, plum 
cakes are made on this day, and for 
aome weeks afterwards, which are called 
All-Holland cakes. 
ALLERN-BATCH, ». [Ellam. Sax. Elder. 
Bosse. Fr. Botch] An old sore. Exmore. 
ALPE, NOLPE, or BLOOD OLPH, s. A 
bullfinch. Norf. and Suff, 

ALLS,*. The five alls la a country inn 
sign, representing five human figures, 
each having a motto undemealb; they 
are as follows :-— 
A King with his regalia. " I govern all." 
A Bishop in pontificals. ^I pray for all.** 
A Lawyer in his gown. " I plead for all.*' 
A Soldier in regimentals. ** I fight for all.'* 
A Countryman with his scythe. " I pay for 
all." Class, Die, Vulgar Tongue. 

ALL-I-BirS, adv. Corruption of all in bits. 

York. 

ALLrOVT, ado. Entirely; quite. York. 

ALLEY, s, [Aller Fr. to go.] The concln- 

sion of a game at foot ball when the ball 

has passed the bounds. York. 

ALLSRj f. Alder tree corruption. Somerset 



ALMT. 



ANT. 



ALLONCEy pivfi. [<'|AU cries," accordm^ 
to JeDDings; is it not nther "all on 
uaf* for all of as in being frequently 
used for of; in Sussex particularly.] All 
of as. Somerset. 

ALL'OS} 8, Abbreviation of all of us. 

Somerset 
ALOST, part. [Old English ] Ylost. 
Chaucer. Lost. Somerset* 

ALMESy s. [Elmess. Sax« Alms. Pro- 
nounced all-mees.] Alms. Ecut Sussex, 
AMPERSAND, s. [Corruption of semper 
and.] The sign &. B* Sussem, 

AMPERZED^ s. [Corruption of ^semper 
and.] Hants, 

AMAN&i prep, [Scotch]. Among* Craven, 

York. Somerset. 

AMACKALY, adv. A little so; in some 

measure. (Query. Make a little.) North, 

AMELL^ prep. Between ; used in dividing 

time. *'AmeIl/' one and two o'clock. 

Orase. 
Can amell be a corruption of middle ? 
AMPERY, 8. [Ampre Ang. Sax. A pimple.] 
^ A small swelling or pustule growing on 
the soft part of a horse's belly. 
A knob or excrescence on turnips or other 
roots* Norf, Suff, 

AMMATfS. '\ [Noon-meat> nan-meet.] 
/ fVelch, 

ANAMET,s. ^ A luncheon. Isle of Wight. 
ENAMET, s* iGrose derived it from 
NAMMET,«. jMotte. Fr. A Lump* 
AMPERY, o^f. [Empirer Fr. To decay; 
to grow worse.] weak ; unhealthy. 

E, Sussex, 
AMPER, 8. A faulty defect^ or^flaw. *' An 

amprey." 
AMPR£-ANG>s* [Ampre, Ang. Sax.] Ang, 
^ a tooth; a decayed tooth* Kent. Grose. 

E, Sussex. 

AMOOST^P^ J Almost. 
AMEN-CURLER^ 8. 



Somerset. 



ANANTERS, 
ANAIMTRINS 



adv, i If 



A parish clerk. 
C. D. V. T. 

Craven. 
so be. York, 
E.Sussex. 

AN AN, interj, "iHow ! what say you. Norf. 

} Suffolk. 

NAN, y W. Sussex. 

This interjection has the the same sense 

as the word hay in Hampshire, where, 

if it is used, the following distich is 

repeated to the person using it. viz : 

Hay *» good ibr hones, itnw 'f good for cowi. 
Milk *• good for little pigi, and wash for old mwi. 

To ANCHOR, V, a. To hold like an anchor* 

The strong tenacious roots of trees are 

said to '* anchor out.*' Norf. Stuf. 

AN-END, adv. Onwards ; towards the end. 

Norf. Suff, 

*'.Togo right an end," is to go straight 

forward to some given point* Suss, Hants. 



ANENT, avd. 
ANUNTE, 



ANGRY, adj. Painfully ; inflamed. Norf, 

^ff^ Hants, Suss. 
(A person, when angry, generally looks 
red, so does the inflamed part of the 
body.'^ 
ANPASTY, 8, [And past y.] The cha- 
meter, &. and. Norf, Suff, 

AN, adv. If. Shakespeare. ** Much ado 
about nothing." Craven. York, 

ANB Y, adv. [And by-by-and-by*] Some time 
hence ; in the evening. Craven. York, 
ANEIAR, prep. Near. Orioeefi. York. 

ANEAST, prep. Nearly the same. G2oii. 
ANEOUST, prep. Almost* Berkshire, 
ANIGHSTyjir^. Near* S, Sussex, 

[Enantlos* Gr. according to 

the author of the Craven 

dialect. Is it not rather a 

corruption of an-end, or 

one-end.] Opposite* JVorc, 

ANPASSY,s. [Corrupt of and perse] The 

sign &. Somerset. 

ANTERS, ado. '^tAnders. Belg. Aventure 

>Fr. abbreviated autre.] 

AUNTERS, 3 Lest Craven. York, 

ANTIENTS, 8, Ancestors. Craven, York, 

AN'TOTHED, part, (And thou hadst.) If 

thou hadst» Craven. York, 

ANCHOR of a BUCKLE, s. The chape. 

(so called from its holding fast the strap 

inserted in it.) Gloucester, 

ANCUFF, J North. 

8, > [Corruption of ancle.] 
ANKLEY, > fFeH Sussex, 

ANG, 1 North. 

8, >The hairy part of an ear of barley. 
AWN, 3 Hants. 

ANG-NAILS, 8. Corns in the feet. Cumb. 
ANGLE-BOWING, s.. [Prom the shape.] 
A method of fencing sheep-grounds at 
Exmour. Simersetshirem 

ANTHON Y-PIG, s. The favourite or small- 
est pig of the litter* Kent. 

ANTLE-BEER, adi, [Angle and bear.] 
Crosswise; irregular. Somerset. 

AfiTVL, pari. An thon wilt. If thoa 
will* Craven, York. 

ANVERDRE' o. a* Overthrow. Somerset. 
Here is the v again substituted for the f ; 
and what is also common in Hampshire 
and other counties, th is hardened 
into V* 
APAST, part, and prep, [Old English] 
A past. Chaucer* Near* Somerset, 

APRICOCK,s. Apricot Somerset, 

APS, 8, [Corruption of Asp.] The aspen- 
tree* Somerset. Hanis, 
This is a very common corruption in 
Sussex and Hampshire ; as elapse for 
clasp ; hapse for hasp. 
APSEN, adj. Made of Aps, or belonging to 
the Aps-tree. SomerseL 
AQUABOB, 8. [Aqua Lat.] Water and 
bob, an ear-ring ; an icicle. Keni. 



AR, 8. [Aer. Islandic*] 

mark. 
ART, adj. Eight. 



A scar; a pock 
Somersetshire. 



AKG. 



ASK. 



ESCHAR, t.* [Escar. French.! Craven. 

York, 

ToARG,v» "1 [Corruption of to argue.] 

STo argue.] Craeen* York, 

To ARGUFY, > Hanit. Sussex. 

To ARE, «. [ Ararft Lat. To plough. Aeren] 

Germ.] To plough. tiaUey's Die. 

ARDERS, s. Fallowings or ploushings of 

ground. [Ear. Sax. To plough.] &rose. 

North and South. 
ARF, adj. Afraid. North. 

ARGOLf «• Tartar, or lees of wine. 

North and South. 

ARGOSIES, s. [From Argo ; the ship's 

name in which the Argonants performed 

their celebrated yoyage. Fen ] Ships. 

North. 

AKLES, or EARLES, s. [Eadlean. Sax. 

To earn.] Money paid to bind a bargain, 

called earnest, or earle's penny. North. 

ARRALS, s. [Aer Islandic] A scar; 

pimbles. A rather eruption on the skin. 

Cumberland. 
ARTEEN, adj. Eighteen. Somersetshire. 
ARSLE, t>. [Aers. Sax. the posterios.] To 
move backwards ; to be unquiet, particu- 
larly on a seat. 
ARSLING-POLE, s. The pole with which 
^ bakers spread the hot embers over all 
parts of the oven; in other words, they 
are moved backwards to the interior par- 
ticularly. 
ARSELINS, air. Backwards. Norf. Suff. 
ARTICLE, s. A poor creature ; a wretched 
animal. Norf. Suff. 

In Sussex and Hampshire it is generally 
used with the adjunct, poor ; as that is 
a *' poor article." 
An individual thing in an account or in a 
parcel. 
ARVlLlrSUPPER, s. [Arwhul. Welch. 
Funeral obsequies] a funeral-feast. North. 
A-SCAT, adv. Broken like an egg. Devon; 
ARK, 8. [Area. Lat.] A box ; a chest. 

Craven. 

ARRAN, 8. [Aranea Lat. Araignee Fr. 

a spider. Craven. 

ART, 8. [Aird Gaelic and Irish ; a cardinal 

point.] A quarter or point, as ^ the 

wind*s in an ill art." Cranen. 

ARTO*, [Art thou, corruption] Craeen. 

ARVELS, s. [Arwhyl Welsh.] Funeral 

obsequies; funeral. Craioen. 

ASHLAR-WALL, s. [Gchelle, a scale, 

French.] A wall, the stones of which 

are built in regular course and size. 

ASH, s. ^ [Erian to plough. Sax.] A 

AISH, s. f ploughed field generally ap- 

EARSU, 8. I plied to one just after har- 

EDDISH, 8. J vest, as a wheat ash, that is 

a wheat stubble. Hanis 

A-POCK, 8. A small red pimple. Somerset. 

APRON, 8. [Afore one.] The cawt of a 

hog. N(yrf. Suff. 

The fot skinny covering of the belly of a 

goose or duck. Hants. Suss. Fenning. 



A8HELT. adv. [As shall be } Likely ; 

probably. Devon^ 

APPLE-TERRE, «. [Apple and Terre. Fr. 

Land.] An orchard ; and apple* orchard. 

E. Sussex. Obsolete. 

APPLE-JACK, «. Crab-lanthorn. I Suff. 

APPLE-TWELIN, «. Flap-jack. J Norf. 

APPLE-STUCKLIN, s. Bants. 

Torn-over. Suff. Norf. E. Suss. 

A homely sort of pastry, made by folding 

sliced apples with sugar in a coarse 

crust, and baking them without a dish 

or pan. 

ASKER, An eft or newt. Craven* Ahnge* 

Craven. 
Peestine. Cumb. 
ASKINS, 8. [Askings.] Publication of 
marriage banns. Craven. 

OUT-ASKED, 8. On the third time of pub- 
lication, the couple is said to be out- 
asked, that is the asking is out or over. 

Sussex. Hants. Kent. 
AST, part. [Corruption of asked ] York. 

Sussex. Hants. 

ASTITB, adv. ^[Tid. Anglo. Sax. Time. 

Titt Islandric. ready.] As soon. Craven' 

York. 
ASSLE-TREE, ff. *) Craven. York. 

f [Corruption of axle-tree, 
I I from axis ; I^tin.] 

\X,s. J East Sussex. 

A8H-TRUG, 8. [Ash and trough.] A coal- 
scuttle. Cumb. 
ASLAT, adv, [Cracked like an earthen 
vessel. Devon. 
A8TLEY, adv. [As and lief-willingl^.] 
Willingly. NorthumbeHand. 
ASS, 8. Ashes. York. 
ASS-HOLE, 8. Ash -hole. York. 
ASS-MIDDEN, t. [Ashesand mixen.] Ash- 
heap. York. 
ASS-RIDDLIN, s. [Ashes and riddling; 
sifting.] York. 
On St. Mark's Eve, the ashes are riddled 
or sifted on the heath. Should any of 
the family be doomed to die during the 
subsequent year, the shoe of that indi- 
vidual will be impressed on the ashes. 
ASQUIN, adj. From squint. Craven. York. 
ASWIN, adj. Asswyn. [Welch]. Obliqeuly. 

Craven. York. 

ASKEW, adj. And schef-obliquely. [Belg.] 

East Sussex. Hanis. Craven. York. 

ASCRIDE, adv. Astride. [Coruption.] 

Somersetshire. 

ASLEN, adv. [Aslant, from A and slanghe 

oblique. Belg.] Sloping. Somerset. 

ASLEW, adv. [Aslant, from A and slanghe 

oblique. Belg. East Sussex. 

ASOSH, adv. \ [See Allah. J Awry ; aslant. 

ASHOSH,' i Notf. Suff. 

ASSUE, adj. [When a cow's milk is dried 

off, previous to her calving, she is said 

to be assue ; from to sew ; to drain; from 

sous. French, under.] Somerset. 

ATfpron. That. Craven. York. 



AUD. 



BAA. 



5 



ATTERCOPS^x. [/Eler. Atig. Sax. Ponon. 
Copp. Sax. A covering] a spider'i web. 

Craven. York, 
ATER9 prep. After. Sofner$et. Hants, Suss. 
ATHltf, prep. Within. Somerset. Bants. 
ATCHISON, s. A Scotch coin, worth four 
bodies. North. Grose. 

ATTER,«. [ifiter. Aug. Sax. Poison.] 

Matter. 

ATTEKY, adj. ' I Suff. Norf. Grose. 

ATFERN, adj. [iEter. Ang. Sax. Poison.] 

Fierce; cruel; ill-natured. Gloucester, 

A-TOPy prep* Upon. A top of a horse. 

Norf. Suff, 
A top of a ladder. Hants, Suss, 

ATWEES, prep. Between. Norf. Suff. 
AUD, adj. [Aid. Sax, Old.] Old. North. 
AUK, adj. [Corroption.] Awkward. South. 
AUEDER, s. ) Afternoon. Cheshire, 

ONEDER, «. UAng. Sax. Ane. derriere. 

Fr.] Behind , that is one behind. 

AURRUST, 8. Harvest. IVorcester. 

AUTERS, s. Strange work on things. North. 

(Query. Corruption of outer, as though 

a person should say " out of the way^ or 

outer things.'^ 

AUGHT, part. Owed ; as he aught me ten 

pounds. [Aa. Isl. to owe.] Norf. Suff. 

AUSIER^ s. Osier. JDUto. 

AUM, s. [Orrne^ French.] Elm. Craven, 

York. 
AUMRYy «. [Armoire, French.] Cupboard, 

Craven. York, 
AUMRS, f. [Elmess. Sax. Alms.] Cup- 
board 
AUND or ORNED^ part. Ordained. Cra- 
ven. York, 
AUP, s, [Gape.] 'A wayward child. Craven. 

York. 
A GaupSy an overgrown, silly young per- 
son. Sussex, 
AWt s. All the. Craven, York. 
AUTORITY,*. Authority. Craven. York. 
AVERAGE, s. [Hiver winter, Fr. ; eatage, 
Eng.[ Winter eating. Craven. York. 
AVeC 8* [ Awel. Ang. Sax.] The beard of 
barley. Norf. Suff. 
AYlSEDfpart. [Aviser. Fr.] Advised. 

Norf. Suff. 

AVAURy prep. Before. Somersetshire. 

AVAWREN, prep. Before them. Ditto. 

AVAURN, prep. Before them. Ditto. 

These words are all corruptions of Afore, 

Old English ; not only in Somerset* but 

in Hampshire, and in the west generally 

f is hardened into v ; thus furrow is 

vurrow ; farrow is varrow ; fallow is 

vallow, and so on. 

AVRAUR, part, [A and frore. Old English] 

froz^. Somerset. Here again the f is 

hardened into v. 

AVRIL^ t. [Avril^French; Averile,Scotch.] 

April. Craven. York. Kentf 

AWF. 8. [Alf. Belg.] An elf or fairy. 

Derby. North. 
AWLUNG, part, act. Allowing. Lancashire* 



ALONG, part, act. All owing. " It was 
all along of your doing so and so. ' Suss. 

AWNTERS, s [Query. Haunters from 
haunt.] Scruples ; as '* be is troubled 
with awnters/' that is he is haunted with 
scruples. North. 

AWVISH. adj. Queer; neither sick nor 
well. [Qualm, qualmish.] North. 

AX-WADDLE, s. [Aska. Islandric Ashes. 
Vado Lat.] To wade. A dealer in ashes, 
and sometimes one who tumbles in them. 

Somerset. 

AW, adj. [Scotch.] All. Craven. York. Kent. 

AWK, adj. [Corruption of awkward.] In- 
verted ; confused. Bells are ^ rung awk," 
to give alarm of fire. Norf. Suff. 

AWN, pron. [Ain, Sc.] Own. Ditto. 

AWN, V. To visit. "He never awns," 

that is he never ains or acknowledges us, 

by visiting us. Ditto. 

AWNSyf. Beards of cron. Craven. York. 

Hants. 

AWR, pron. Our. Ditto. 

AWAKID,a4;. Awake; awaked. [Old 
English. Chaucer. Somerset. 

AXENyf. Ashes. [Corruption.] Ditto. 

AXING, s. and part. Act ; asking. Ditto. 

To AX, V. a. [Axian. Ang. Sax.] To ask: 

Craven. York West. 

AYIR, s, [Broad pronunciation.] Air. 

So'mers^. 

AYE, adv. [Old English. Ang. Sax.] Al- 
ways; continually. Northumberland. 

AZOON, adv. [As soon.] Anon; pre- 
sently. Somerset. 
Where s is constantly turned into z. 

AZZLE-TOOTH, s. )[Axis Lat. Jaxle. Isl. 

f Axis.] A grinder 
£ called azzle, from be- 

ASSLE-TOOTH, s. ) ing near the axle. Yk. 

AZZY, adj. I [Assellus Latin.] ( y^^. 

AZZARD, adj. i a young ass. ( '^^'^ 
A wayward child. 



B. 



BAATH, adj. [Batwa. Sax.] Both. Tor^. 
To BAB, V. [corruption of bob.] To bait 
for fish in the following manner, viz : by 
stringing worms on worsted, or any gar- 
bage on a string, by which eels or crabs 
are taken. {Suff, Norf. 

By the former process eels are caught m 
Hampshire, where it is called quodding, 
while the latter is used in East Sussex. 
BAB, s. The bait used for fishing in the 
manner above mentioned. Norf. Suff. 
BABS, 8. [From babes.] Small prints to 
amuse children.] Norf . Suff. 

From Bide. To bid makes bad, prep. 
And why not to bide make bader baad ? 
BAAD, part. Continued. York, 

BADE,paft. Of bide, which is corrupted 

from abide. 
To BAAD, V. [Badian. Sax.] To bathe. 

York. 



6 



BAG. 



BAG. 



BAAL-RILLS, I. [Baal. Itl. Fire.] Hil- 
locks on the moorsi where fires haye 
formerly been. York, 

For the description of a custom still re- 
maining in the west of Scotland, of 
kindling fires in honour of Beltan or 
Baal. See Dr. Jamieson^ and Craven 
dialect. 
BA AN-FIRE, s. [Baal-fire, or bonBre^ from 
Fr . Bon-feo . ] A bon fl re. York, 

BAANS, «. [Bones from Ban. Sax.] See 
the word allemang, and my observations 
thereon. ** To make naa bans*' is to 
make no difficulty. York. 

*' To make no bones." 8uts, and South. 
I The meaning is plain. Bones are not so 
easily devoured as fleshy and therefore 
they are generally thrown aside; but if 
8 person is very hungry, he does not 
stop to pick the smaller ones> but grinds 
them to pieces. 
BABBLEMENT, s. [Babelen. Sax.] Idle ; 

confused. 

BABBLING, ff. Noise. York. South. 

BACK-END, s. Autumn; so called from 

being the latter or back part of the year. 

t: Applied also to the end of the week. 

York. 
BACK, ner EDGE, "iNothing at all. I can 

Smake nothing at all of 

MOSS, ner SAND. 3 of him. York. 

Head nor tail ; head, tail nor middle^piece. 

Hanti. Sussex, 

BACK-OUT, 8. A back yard. Kent. 

BACKSIDE, s. [Back and side.] The court 

behind the house. York. 

A farm-yard. Hants, and West Country. 

BACKSTONE, s. Formerly a slate, now an 

iron, on which oat- cake is baked. York. 

BACKSTER,«. [From bake.] A baker. 

NoHh. 

BACKSTERS, s. Wide flat pieces of 

board, which are strapped on the feet, 

and used to walk over loose beach, on the 

sea coast. Kent. East Suss, 

Similar things are used in Hampshire for 

walking on the soft mud deposited in 

harbours by the sea, and are there 

called mud-pattens. 

BACK A, '* ] [Corruption of tobacco.] 

2b BAD, V a, [To takeaway the bad parts.] 

To pull the husks off walnuts. Glos'ter, 

BADGER, s. [Bajulus, Lat. A porter] 

North. Qrose. 

7b BADGER, v. a. To worry ; to teaze ; 

to importune. South. 

May not both these words be derived from 

Badger? 
A beast which used notorioosly to be 
baited ; and thus to be badgered was 
to be batted or worried ; a huckster 
also importunes people to buy of him. 
BADGET, 8. A badger. Norf, Suff. 

To BAFFLE, V. a. [Befler.] To gull or 
cheat; to manage capraciously or won- 
tonly ; as in the case of children or . 
cattle; to beat or twist irregularly toge.f 



ther,' as grass or com is by the winil 
and rain. 
(En. batt Fouler. Fr. To trample on] 

North. Suf. 
TbBOFFLE, v.n. To change; to vary ; 
as " the wind is continually boffling 
about." 

V. a. To prevent any one from doing a 
thing. E, Suss. 

BAG, 8. The udder of a cow. 
BAGINETjf. A bayoneite. A common 

corruption. 
BAGGAGED, or BYGAGED, aey. Mad; 
bewitched. Somerset. 

BAGGING-TIME, t. Baiting-time. Lane. 

FforthumbeHand. 

The stomach is frequently in fun, called a 

bag ; thus eating is bagging or filling 

the stomach. 

BAG OF NAILS, s. The name of a sign 

at Pimlico, corrupted from " Bacchanals.'* 

To BAISTE or BASTE, o. a. [Bastonner. 

Fr.] To beat; to fiog ; as '* I will baste 

you well." North. South. 

To BAIT or BATE, v. a. [From Abate.] 

To lower a bargain. North. South. 

BAILY, 8. [Bailiff.] A superintendaut of an 

estate. fVest, South. 

BAIL, «. The handle of a bail or bucket, 

or kettle. Norf. Suss, 

The bow of a scythe. Norf. St^ff^, 

BAIN, oJj. [Query. From bend.] Pliant; 

limber. Norf. Suff, 

Willing; forward. Norf. 

Near; convenient. fVest. 

Mr« Forly derives it, from Beina Islandic. 

To hasten. May it not be from Bien, 

Fr. Well? 

BAIRN, f. [Scotch.] A child. North. 

BAIM-TEAMS, s. [Bairn and teams.] 

Broods of children ; large families. 

North. 
BAIT, 8, A luncheon. E. Suss. Kent. 

BALK, or BANK-STAFF, s. [From balk 
and staff, probably because it prevents or 
balks the blow.] A quarter staff. North. 
To BALDER, v. [Ang. Sax. bold audax 
daring.] To use course language. Norf. 
BALDERDASH, s. Filthy; obscene lan- 
guage. ' Norf. Suff. 
BALLET, 8. [Ballata. ;Ital.] A ballad. 

Somerset* 
BALK, 8. A ridge of land left unploughed 
to serve as a boundary in uninclosed 
grounds ; a ridge so left in the bod^ of 
the land at certain intervals in a particu- 
lar mode of ploughing, called balk- 
ploughing. Norf.\8uff. 
In dunpsbire this kind of ploughing is 
called " rafter-ridging,^' from each ridge 
being separated by a furrow, and this 
agrees with Junius^ who observes the 
ridge is *' tigni instar," like a rafter. 
BADO, 8. 1 A beam in a bailding ; any piece 
Sof squared timber* Norf, Suff. 
WEfXIH 3 York. 
The failure of an expectation. Ditto. 



BAL. 



BAN. 



BALK, «. A simple piece of machiiieTy 
used in the dairy districts of Suffolk, 
into iirhich the cov*8 head is put while 
she is milked. It allows her to move 
her head op and down, but prevents her 
from withdrawing it; hence, when at- 
temptinn; to do so, she is " balked." In 
Hampshire something of the same kind 
is used to confine a sheep's head, when 
the shepherd wishes to dress it for the 
I mange, or any other disease, and then it 
is called a <* bilboes." 
Straight young tress when felled. Norfolk. 

Suffolk. 

6ALKER, 8. [Bielke. Dan. a beam.] A 

great beam. Norf. Suff, 

BALK, 8. To be thrown ourt " balk," is to 

be published in the church. *' To hiug 

ourt, balk," is marriage deferred after 

publication. Before the Reformation, 

the laity sat exclusively in the nave of 

the church. The balk here appears to 

be the rood-beam which separated the 

nave from the chancel. The expression I 

therefore means to be helped into the 

* choir, where the marriage ceremony is 

■ performed. • York. 

BALLOW, ». A pole. North. 

BALL, adj. Bald. [Bal. Brit.] Somer8et. 

BALL-RIB, s. [Bal and rib.] A spare rib. 

Somer8et. 
To BALURAG, v. a. *) Somer8et. 

> [Bully and rag.] 
r BULLRAG, 3 Swaex. 

To abuse with violent and foul words. 
To BAM, r. a. To make fun of a person. 
To BAMBOOZLE, r. a. To make fun of a 
person ; and also to threaten or to 
deceive. York. 

To BAMBLE, v. n. To shamble ; to walk 
unsteadily and weakly. (Mr. Forby asks 
) whether it may not be traced to bambino, 
Ital. A young child ? Norf. Suff. 

To BAN, V. €u [Bannen Belg.] To curse. 

York* Somer8et. 
BANDY, 8. [Bander, Fr. to bend.] The 
crooked stick} with which the ball is 
f struck at different games. 
Any game played in the way above men- 
tioned. Norf. Suff. 
BANDY,*. A hare, so called from the 
crookedness of her hind legs. Norf. Suff. 
BANDY-HOSHVE, 8. A game pktyed with 
a ball and a bandy. Norf. Suff. 
This game is played in West Sussex, and 
there called *' Hawkey," probably from 
the crooked bandy resembling a hawk's 
beak. 
BANDY- WICKET, «. The game of cricket 
played with a bandy in^ead of a bat 

Norf. 
BANG, s. [Bannen, Belg.] ' A stick or club. 
Cheese made in Suffolk from milk several 
times skimmed ; hence it is as hard has a 
stick, and is sometimes called *' Suffolk 
thump." Hence Bloomfleld in his " Far- 



mer's Boy," records the virtue of a piece 
[ of it in a hog's trough, as being 

*' Too big to swallow, and too hard to bite.** 

A similar cheese is made in the Isle o^ 

Wight, where it is called " Isle of 

Wight rock," and, in derision of its 

hardness, is said to be used to make 

pins to fasten the gates on the farm. 

BANE, adj. [Bane, Bleg. a path. Bien, Fr. 

well.] Near; convenient. York. Som. 

BANGING, adj. [From to bang ; to beat ; 

and to beat signifies to excel.] Huge, 

beating or excelling in size other things 

of the same kind. Common in many 

parts. 

BANGLED, fiorf. [Abbangent, Teot. To 

bend or hang down.] When cocked hats 

were worn, one side was sometimes let 

down to protect the face, and then it was 

said to be " bangled," 

The young shoots or broad leaves are 

said to be " bangled," when drooping 

under heavy rain or strong sunshine. 

Norf. Suff. 
BAN-NUT, 8. A walnut. N. of Somerset. 
BAN-NUT-TREE, s. A walnut-tree. Gloue. 
To BAN, «. a. [Bannen, Belg.] To shot 
up ; to stop. Somerset. 

To BANE, V. a. [Bannen. Belg. To corse] 
to afflict with a mortal disease. Somerset* 
To BANEHOND, v. 11.*^ [To bear in hand.] 



'\[To bear m hand.] 
f To signify inten- 
I tion ; I to intimate. 
J Dr. Jenninas. 



BARENHOND J Dr. Jennings. 

May it not mean to carry information to a 
person, that is, bear it in hand. 
BANES, s. p^tt. The t)anns of matrimony. 

Somerset, 

BANNIN, 8. [Bannen to corse, hence to be 

under the ban of the Pope, is to be shut 

out from spiritual privileges.] That which 

is used for shotting out or stopping. 

Somerset* 
BANGS, V. Beats or excels. [See banging.] 

York. 

BANNOCKS, «• Loaves made of oatmeal. 

(Bonna. Sax. a cake; hence, no doubt 

comes our soathem word bun, a small 

cake«) 

BAND.KITT,«. [Kettel. Belg. Kettle.] A 

kind of great can, with a cover. North* 

BANDY-HE-WIT,*. [Let him bandy or 

throw about the wit.] A name given to 

any ^dog, when persons intend to use it 

in making sport of its master Lane. 

To BANG, «• a. [From Bannen Belg. a 

stick.] To beat. North. South. 

BANG-BEGGAR, s. A beadle. Derby. 

To BANK, V. a. To beat. Somerset. Qrose, 

BANT, 8. [From band«] A string. Lane. 

BANG-STRAW, f. Bang, to beat,and straw.] 

A thatcher. 
BANYAN-DAY, «. [From the Banians in 
the East Indies, who never eat meat.] A 
sea-term for those days when no meat is 
allowed the men* 



8 



BAR. 



BAR. 



BARGOOD, «. [Beer and ^ood, the good of 
the beer.] Yeast. This is Mr. Forby's 
derivation of the word as used in A'oi/. 

S^f. 
Barm is osed in the Isle of Wight, [from 
barm, Sax. to swell or ferment.] for 
yeast. Thus bar-good will be a corrup- 
tion of barm-good ; good yeast or barm, 
BARROW-PIG,*. [Query. From bar, to 
hinder], A gelt pig. South, North. 

[Berg. Ang. Sai. Hog. Forby. 
BARGAIN, f. [Bargen. Brit] Anything 
bought or sold, or obtained in any way, 
as thu8:>~ 
** Two good tidy bargains of hay from an 
acre," less than waggon loads. Norf, 
" A poor bargain of wool from three score 
hoggets.'* Norf, Suff, 

'* A sad bargain of lazy chaps. DUto. 

** A bargain of land.'^ South* Hants. 

BARK, «. The tartar deposited by bottled 
wine or other liquor, forming a crust or 
bark. Norf, Suff. 

BARLEY-SUGAR, f. Frequently called 
sugar-barley. [Sucre Fr. sugar brul^ 
burned.] A sweetmeat of burned sugar, 
clarified. Common. 
PARLEY-BIRD, «. [So called from coming 
at the season of barley sowing.] The 
nightingale. ^ Norf. Stff, 

Thus the Ortolan is in Sussex called the 
wheat-ear, from its coming when the 
wheat is in ear. 
BARLEY-MUNG, «. [Barley and among,] 
being barley, mixed with milk or water, 
(consequently having | milk or water 
amongst or in it,) to fatten fowls or pigs. 

Norf, Suff. 
To BARN, V. a. [From the subst. barn.] 
To lay com up in a barn. Norf. Suff. 

So in the south, " to house corn,** has the 
same meaning. 
BARNACLES, s. Spectacles $ they before 
the invention of springs, were made to 
keep' on by simply pinching the nose ; 
and barnacles is the name of an instru- 
ment used by farmers, to put on the nose 
of a restive horse. Norf. S^f, Porby, 
BARSELE, BARKSELB, BARLEYSELE, 
s. [Bark and soel. time f opportunity. 
Ang. Sax.) The season for stripping 
bark, and also of sowing barley. iVorf. 

Suff. 
BATH, n. *) [Barton, Sax.] 
BARTON S 
BARKEN, 5 A farm-yard. West. East. 

See Forby's East Anglia Vocabulary. 
BARGH, s. A horseway op a hill. North. 

(Berg. Sax. a hill.) 

BAR-GUEST, s. [Bar and ghost.] A ghost, 

I commonly appearing fnear gates or stiles, 

there called bars. York, Grose. 

BAR.WAY, s. [Bar and way.] The passage 

into a field composed of bars or rails 

naade to take out of the posts. B. Suss, 

fr.Kent. 
BARK, t. [Pxobably made originally of 



bark.] A box for receiving the ends of 
candles. North, 

BARKIT, s, l)\ti hardened on hair, and 
hence forming a kind of bark. Chrose, 

BARGEST,«. [From Burg. Sax. a town 
and ghost.]. A ghost frequenting towns. 

Craven Dialect. 

BARMSKIN, s. A leather apron. Lane. 

BARNGUN,«. A breaking out in small 
pustules in the skin. Somerset* 

BARR, s. A gate of a town or city. Norfh, 
The gate at Southampton is so called, the 
street to the south of it being called be- 
low bar, and that to the north above 
bar. [So called from bar. a barrier,] or 
obstacle, which a gate is.] 

BARROW, «. [Bei^. Sax. a hill.] The 
side of a rocky hill, or a laige heap of 
stones. North. 

BARSHAM, «. [Query. From bar and hama« 
Lat.] The collar barring, or preventing 
the hames from touching the horses' 
shoulders.] North. 

BARKHAM, s, [Bark and hames.] 
Bark and hames having formerly been 
made of bark. 

BARTH, s» [See Barton.] A warm place or 
pasture for calves and Xamha.^outh. Orose, 

To BARNISH, v. n. [Burnish.] To shine ; 
to look sleek ; as " that bullock begins to 
banish/' that is to look smooth ahd bright 
in his skin. J^» Suss, 

BAR, adj. Bare ; naked, [corruption] York. 

BARKED, adj. Covered with dirt, as though 
with bark. York. 

BARREL-FEVER, s. [From barrel and 
fever.] A violent propensity to drunken- 
ness, or sickness consequent thereon. York 

BARBER'S SIGN, s. A standing pole and 
two wash balls. The pole has generally 
two spiral lines, red and white, represent- 
ing the fillet to bind the arm when a person 
is bled; barber having formerly been 
surgeons. In France it is three basins, 
with a kind of circular notch for the con- 
venience of holding it under the chin 
while soaping. 

BARN-MOUSE, s. Bit by a barn-mouse is 
a term for being tipsy, probably from an 
allusion to barley, of which beer is made, 
and which is put into the barn to be 
thrashed. Classical Die. Vulgar Tongue, 

BARREN, s. 



BARRENER, s. 



E. Suss. 
A barren cow or ewe. 

fTest. 
BASKING, s. A drenching in a heavy shower 
of rain. 
A sound drubbing. Norf. S^ff, 

In the first sense it is said a man gets a 
wet-jackel; in the second that his jacket 
has been well laced. Our word may 
therefore be very well derived from 
basque, old French a shirt, orflap of 
a •doublet. This is Mr. Forby's opin- 
ion. May not "basking" be rether 
a corruption of ^ basting*^' of which the 



BAT. 



BAT. 



9 



•eeomd ii the correct nieeniDg:^ from 
bastonner, Fr. Basting also in cookery 
•ignifiei to moisten meat with butter, 
and thua we have Mr. Forby's first 
meaoiagr* 
BASEy f. A perch. Cumh, A sea perch in 

Hampshire. 
BASHY, 04^*. Fat; swollen. AoyiA.[Bosse. 

Fr. a. [Boss or thick body.] 
DA8T£RLY GULLlON,«. A bastard's bas- 
tard. Lane. 
BAT, t. [Bat« Sax. a stick.] A rough walk- 
ing stick. A large slick. £. Suss. Kent. 
BAT> f. A blow. York. 
Speed; <<At the same bat," means at the 
same rate. E. Suss, 
BATE, s. The fibres of wood ; cross- bated ; 
cross-grained; having the fibres twisted. 

York. 

Craven, the author, gives no derivation. Is 

it not from bote. Sax. wood, as plough- 

bote ; wood allowed by the lord to the 

tenant to make his ploughs ? 

BATTERED-HORSE, s. [Battre, Fr. to 

beat.] A horse with tender feet. Norf. 

To BAT, V. To wink. (May it not be from 
the winking of the eyes, resembling the 
motion of a bat's wing, or batting the 
eyes may be keeping the light from them, 
aa a bat flies in the evening to avoid the 
sun's light.) Derbff, 

BATE, or BEAWTE, prep. [Abate-abating; 
remitting] without; except. Lome. 

BATING WITH CHILD, adj. Breeding. Nh 

BATED, adj\ A fish when plump and full- 
rowed, is said to be well hated. E, Suss. 
(Probably from batten Teut. To grow &t.) 

To BATTEN, r. a. [Batten Teut.] To fetten. 

North. 

BATTNER, s. An ox, from batten. Oxen 
being fattened before killed. C. D« 

BATTIN, s. The straw of two sheaves 
folded together. North. 

BATTLES, f. Commons or board. Oxford. 

Cumb. 
Is this from batten, to feeil ? 

BATTLE-TWIG, s. An earwig. Derbi/. 

BATTLINGS,*. [Bat, Sax. a stick.] The 

, loppings of trees, larger than faggots, and 

lets than timber. Norf. S^. 

BATTRIL, t. [Bat, Sax.] A batting staff 
used by Laundresses. Lane. 

BATCH, s. [From bake.] The quantity of 
bread baked at any one time ; and in its 
more geneml sense it applies to the quan- 
tum of any thing dene at one time, as a 
batch of drinking ; a batch of cards, &c. ; 
it also signifies a number of persons of 
similar pursuits, as a batch of drunkards ; 
a batch of persons. Norf. S^f. S. Suss 
Hants, and in general use, 

BATTEN, f. [Bat, Sax.] A rail from three 
to six inches in breadth, one or more in 
thick ness. Norf. Suff. 

BATTEN-FENCE, s. [Bat, Sax. and fence.] 
A fence made by two or three battens one 



above another, nailed to posts at proper 
distances. Norf. Suff. 

BATTER, s, [Abattre, Fr. to beat doun.] 
The slope of a wall which lessens up- 
wards. E. Suss. 

BAWKEB, 9. *1A stone used for whet- 

Sting scythes ; a kind of 

BAWKER-STONE, )sand-stone. Somerset. 

BAW,«. A ball. York. 

BAWD, pr^. Bawled DUto. 

BAWSIN, s. [Bauch Belg. belly.] An im- 
perious noisy fellow. York. 

BAWKS, s. [Balk, Belg.] A hay-loft, so 
called because it is among the Isalks or 
timbers. Cumb. 

BAVEN, s. A brush faggot. Kent. Suss. 

Hants. Norf. Suff. 

May not this be a corruption of bat, batten, 

baven, a small slick ? See Gavel Gavin. 

To BAVISH, V. a. [Corruption of banish.] 
To drive away. Norf. Suff. 

BAUBERY, s. A squabble ; a bawl. Sem. 

BOBBERY, s. [Babil, Fr.J Chattering. 

Norf. Suff. E. Suss. 

BAWN'D, part. [Bon. Isl. tumidus, swollen.] 
Swollen ; not in general use. ^orf' Suff. 

BE, [aux, v.] I be is used for I am. B. Suss. 

BEE'AS, s. plu. [BeasU.] Cattle only ap- 
plied to the ox tribe ; a broad pronuncia^ 
tion in Somerset. 

To BECALL, V. a. To censure; to upbraid 
with fonl appellations. Somerset. 

BEE-BUT,s. KBee and butte. Sax. A 

BEE-UPPER, ) cask.] 
A bee-hive. Somerset. 

BEEDY, s. I A chick . Somerset. 

BIDDY, i Ditto. Suss. Hants. 

To BELL, V. n. ) 

BEAU >Bellen, Teut. To bellow. 

BELUN, 3 York. 

BEAK, s. (Being like a bird's beak.) 

BEEOK, An iron over the fire on which boil- 
ers, &c., are hung. York. 

To BEAK, V. a. [Backa, Goth.] To warm 
one's self. York. 

BAY, s. The space in a building between 
two main beams, applied chiefly to a barn 
or a cart lodge. Norf. Suff. fV. Suss. 

Hants. 

BAY-DUCK, 8. [From iu bright bay co- 
lour.] The shell duck. Norf. 

BEAKER, s. [A cup or mug, with a spout 
resembling a bird's beak according to 
Johnson, and so used in the South.] Ac- 
eroding to Mr. Forby from bece fagos, 
the beech-tree of which wood^ bowls and 
drinking cups were in ancient times made ; 
a beaker in Suffolk and Norfolk. signifying 
a drinking glass. 

BEAM, 8. [BtBrn, Ang. Sax. a barn.] A 
barn. Norf. Suff. 

BEASTLINGS, s. plu. The first milk drawn 
from the cow after calving, and which is 
so called according to Forby, from being 
proper food for " little beasts." 

BEEST, «. [From Biest, Belg.] Curdled 



10 



BEC. 



BEE. 



milk, according to the author of the Cra- 
ven dialect. 
BEESTBEESnNGS, «. Lane. Gloue. 

To BEAT, or BEET, v, a. [Beatan^ Ang. 
Sax.] To restore. 
"To beat the fire'' means to sapply 
it with [fuel. North. To repair ; to 
supply the gradual waste of any thing. 

Norf. 5i#. York. 
To BEAK, V. a. [Baka, Goth.] To soften 
wood and sticks in the fire for use without 
burning them. North, I have given 
baca as the origin above, but think per- 
haps that a bird's beak is the true origin ; 
the intention of putting sticks or wood 
over the fire being to make them bend, 
as was formerly done in ship-yards, to 
make the planks pliant to bend to the 
ship's sides. 
BEAKMENT, «. A measure, containing four 
quarts. NoHh, 

Beathing or bathing wood by the fire, is 
the same as to beak, which see. 
To BEAR the BELL, (In allusion to the 
first horse wearing a bell,*to give warn- 
ing in former days when roads were very 
bad and very narrow, as I consider, but 
some give other interpretations.) 
B£CK,«. [Beke, Belg.] A brook. North. 

fBece An&r Sax«) 
BECLARTED, adj, Be^clotted ; be-smear- 
ed ; be daubed. North. 

In East Sussex and Kent they use the words 
« to clat" and "clotted," as applied to 
cutting the dirty locks of wool from the 
sheep s tails, which locks are clotted by 
dirt and moisture. 
To BEDE, V, To bid orbed ; to pray. North. 
When it signifies to "bid orbed" it is pro- 
bably a corruption of those two words; 
when it signifies " to pray." then Grose's 
derivation from bead is right; but bead 
is indirectly (not directly) the origin of 
prayer. When the monks or nuns said 
their prayers they kept the account of 
the number by means of beads strung in 
a roll, passing a bead with each prayer, 
hence a bead became synonimous with a 
prayer. 
7b BEDEVIL, v. a. To mar any thing. 

Suss, Hants. 
BED, 9. The uterus of an animal. 

A fleshy piece of beef cut from the upper 
part of the leg, and bottom of the belly. 

Norf. Sujr, 

BED-FAGOT, s. A contemptuous name for 

a bed fellow. Norf. Suff, 

FAGOT, f» An opprobrious name applied 

to a woman, as "get out you fagot;" 

" she's a dirty fagot." Suss. Hants 

May not both these words be derived from 

fag-end, the refuse or meaner part of 

any thing. 

BEDIZENED, adj. [Be and dihtan, Sax. to 

prepare.] Dressed-out. York. Suss. Hants. 

BEE-BEE, s. [Banban, Greek. To sleep.] 

A nurse's song to lull a child to sleep. Yk. 



BY-BY, s. « Go to by-by ;" *' go to sleep." 

Suss. Bants. 

BEE-BREAD,f. [Bee and bread, beo-bread.] 

A dark substance, with which some of the 

cells in a honey-comb are filled, for the 

food of the insect in its larva state. Very 

general. 

BEEOS,«. (Bos, an ox, Lat. Beasts or 

beeves.] Cattle. York. 

BEET-NEED, s. ^[Betan, Ang. Sax. To 

> restore.] 
BREANT-NEED. } Assistance in distress. 

York. Lane. 
BEE-DROVE, «. [Bee and drove.] A great 
confluence of men, or of any other crea- 
tures. Norf. Suff. 
BEELD, s. •)[Bilden, Belg. To build.] Shel- 
Ster; applied to sheds for cattle. 
BIELD, ) North. 
BlELDYt adj. Yielding shelter. NoHh. 
BEEN, adj. [Bien, Fr. well.] Nimble ; 
clever. Lane. 
BIENLV, otip. Excellently. C. D.V.T. 
BEER, or BIRRE, s. Force or might." With 
aw my beer," " with all my force." Chesh. 
Grose gives no derivation. May it not be 
from the verb " to bear?" 
BEES, s. Cows. Ctiwift. See beeos, above. 
BEESOM, or BYSSUM. «. ^[BesmSax.]A 

> broom. North, 
BESOM, Se. Suss. War. 

BEFORN, prep. [Biforan, Sax.] Before 

Somerset, 
To BEGRIDGE, ». a. *) Somerset. 

>To grudge ; to envy. 
To BEGRUDGE, J Hants. 

'\ Oaths of asseveration; 

Rprnw »«/; f^^^ ^"S*'* °^ ^**® ^"* '■ 

BFrUmRS >difficult to derive, the 
BEGoMMERS, {^^^^ probably corrupted 

3 from Godmother, 

Somerset. Jennings. 

BY-GORRIES, intj. \ [Qu«re. By God it is.] 

BY-GOLUES, ) Suss. 

BE-GRUMPLED, part. [Be and rumpled.] 
Sour; offended. Somerset, 

BEGGAR'S VELVET,*. The lightest par- 
ticle of down shaken from a feather 
bed, and left by a sluttish housemaid. 

Norf, 

BEGGARY, s. A collection of weeds grow- 
ine in a field for want of good husbandry. 

Norf. 

BEGONE, fxirf. [Be and gone.) Decayed; 
worn out. Norf. Suff. 

BEGGAR-MAKER, «. A publican. CD. 

BEHITHER, adv. On this side, in opposi- 
tion to beyond. Suff. Qrose. 

BEHOUNCHED, adj. Tricked up and made 
fine, Sussex, according to Grose, although 
I never heard the word myself. He de- 
rives it from a part of a horse's harness 
called haunches, which is spread over 
the collar. The part of the harness he 
here alludes to, is generally called |the 
housings, from house, it covering the 



BEL. 



B£R. 



11 



borte's withen^ as with a hoose, and 

^therefore haunches must be corrapted 

from hovsiDgpi. 
BEIGHT, 8. [Bygan, Sax. To bend.] The 

height of the'elbow is the bending of the 

elbow. Norlh, 

BEIGHT, 8. The bend [oi lowest point in a 

bay, on the sea coast South, 

BEING, s. [Byan, to inhabit. Ang. Sax.] 

An abode, particalarly a lodging. Norf. 
BELIVE, I [By the eve.] In the evening ; 
BELIEVE, i by and by. North, York. 

used by Chancer. 
To BELK, V. n. [Bealcan, Sax.] To belch, 

clearlythe most proper word of the two. Yk, 
BELL-KITE, 8. A protuberant belly. DUio, 

(Bell and Kit, a bell shaped vessel.) 
BELLOWED, poft. Afflicted with an asthma, 

to which the lead smelters are subject. 

Probably from bellow, on account of the 

sound of an asthmatic person's cough. Yk* 
BELLY-GO-LAKE-THEE, Take thy fill; 

satisfy thy appetite. York. 

Corruption of belly-go-slake-thee, that is 
*' go and extinguish your craving." 
BELLY- WARK, «. The colic, because it 

works the belly. York, 

BELCH, 8. [From its causing people to 

belch.] Small beer. York. 

BELEAKINS, [By the lady-kin, or little 

lady.] A Lancashire and Derbyshire intj. 
BELIKE, (Kir. Peihaps. North, An old 

word. 
BELLART, «. [Bull and herd.] A boll or 

bearward. North. 

To BELG, V. ft. [Bellan. Sax. To bellow.] 

To cry aloud ; bellow. 8omer8et. 

BELL-FLOWER, 8, [From its shape.] A 

daffodil. 8omer8et. 

To BELSH, V, a. To cut off the dung from 

the sheep*8 tails. Soinerset, 

BELSIZE, adj. Bulky, round like a bell. 

Norf. 
BELL-SOLLER, 8. The loft *on which 

ringers stand. (See Soller.) Norf. St^f, 
BEN-JOLT RAM, s. Brown bread soaked 

in skimmed milk, the plough-boy's usual 

breakfast in Norfolk and Suffolk, accord- 
ing to Mr.lForby, whom see. 
BENTS, s. ^[BinU. juncus ; a rush. 

BENNET, fTeut.] The dry stalks of 

BENNETY, adj, (grass when the seed is 

3 ripe. In general use. 
BENEAPED, part, [Nep, Sax. low.] A 

vessel left aground by the low tides, which 

alternates with the spring or high tides. 

fVest. Sc South. 
To BENGE, V. n. To remain long in drink- 
ing ; to drink to excess. Somer8et. 
BENGY, adj. Cloudy ; overcast ; full of 

rain. Essex. 

May not this bst word be derived from the 
first ; as when a man drinks to excess, 
of course he is surcharged with liquor, 
the same as a cloud is which threatens 
rain ; but then what is the derivation of 
the first ? 



I BEN, prep. In ; into. York, 

I To BEN, or BEND, v. [Bendan^ Sax. to 

bend.] To yield to. Somerset. 

BEND,«. [Bendan.] (The border of a 

woman's cap. North, 

BENEFIT, 8. [Benefice.] A church living. 

North. 

To BENSEL, v. a. Bengel, Belg. a stick.i 

To beat or bang. North. 

BENK,«. [Bene, Sax.] A bench. York. 

BERRIN, 8, } [Corruption of burying.] Som. 

BURYING S A funeral. Hante. Suss. 

BER, 8, The space a person runs in order to 

leap. North. 

To BERRY, r. a, [Ber, Isl. to beat.] To 

thrash out corn. North. 

BERRYER, s, [From the verb.] A thrasher. 

North. 
To 6ESKUMMER, v. a. [Skuum, dan; 
dross,* filth.] To foul with a dirty^liquid ; 
to besmear. Somerset. 

To BESTOW, V. a. [Bcstedan, Belg.; the 
word to stow, from stow, Sax. is now ge- 
nerally used.] To deliver a woman ; to 
put her to bed* 
To lay up ; to put out of the way. Norf. 

Suff. 

To BETHINK, v. a. To grudge. Somerset. 
If one person grudges another having any 
thing, he thinks a good deal of it. 
BETTERMOST, cuy. The best of the 
belter, not quite amounting to the best. 
Somerset. The best. Sussex, 

BETW ATTLED, part. Confused ; in an un- 
settled state of mind. North. West. South. 
[From bee and twee, Sax. By two or be- 
tween two, as a person who is undecided 
is between two opinions.] 
To BETW IT, tf, n. To upbraid ; to repeat a 
past circumstance aggravatingly to theper- 
son who had a part in it. Somei'wt, In 
Sussex they use the word " twit." 
BETWIXT and BETWEEN, (Kit). Exactly 
in the middle point, Norf. S^f. Suss. 

Hants, 

BEYERISG, part, act. [Be and virer, Fr. 

to veer.] Veering; turning about quickly. 

North. 

BEWGLE, or BEUGLE, «. [Bugle from 

bucula, Lat. a heifer.] A bull. Hants. 

BEWIVERED, part. pas. [Beand waver.] 

Bewildered; confounded. Somerset. 

BEYER, 8, [Severe, Lat. to drink.] An 

afternoon lunch. Suffolk, 

BE ZZ LED, pore, pas. When the edge of a 

tool is blunted*or turned in the process of 

grinding, it is said to be bezz\ed.Norf. S^f. 

According to Penning, ** embezzle" is a 

corruption of 'Mmbecil, Fr." Weak; 

wanting strength ; now, when a tool is 

blunted, it wants strength, hence it is 

embezzled or bezzled. 

To BEZZLE, o. n. [Buyssen, Belg. to 

drink.] To tipple ; to drink. York, 

To BIBBLE, V, n. [Bibo, to drink, Lat.] To 

tope ; to drink often. Somerset. 

BIBBLER, 8. A toper. Somerset. 



12 



BID. 



BIS. 



To BIBBLE, r. n. [Bibo, Lat.1 To eat like 
a ilucky which gathers iti food from water. 

Norf, 8%^, 

To BIB, V. n. [Bibo, tat.] To guzzle. North, 

To BIBBER, o. n. To tremUe ; '* 1 saw his 

under lip^ bibber/' KerU. Chwe, 

Is this derived from the verb, to bob ; to 

move quickly? 

To BID, V. a. [Biddan, Sax. to pray.] To 

iovite. 

BIDDEN, part. pan. Invited. York. 

BIDDY, 8. A louse. DUto, 

BIDEN, part, act, [Bedan, Ang. Sax. to 

remain.] Bearing. York, 

To BIDE,lv. n. [Bidan, Sax. to dwell.] To 

stay or abide. Cnmb. 

Let un bide ; let him stay. West. 

BIG,s. [Bigg, Isl. barley.] Barley with 

four sides to the ear. Cumb. York. Norf, 

To BIG, V, a. To build. Yotk. 

BIGGIN, «. A building. DUto, 

BIGGE, 8. A pap or teat. Essex. 

BIGGENNING, «. [Perhaps, beginning.] 

1 wish you a good beginning, that is " a 

good getting up after lying in." North. 

BIGHES, s. pi, jewels; female ornaments. 

Figuratively *^ she is all in her bighes to 

day ;" best humour, best graces. Norf. 

. 8uff, 
Mr.«Forby gives no derivation. May it 
not be bijou, Fr. a jewel ? 
BIJEN, adv. [Bejaen, Belg. to affirm.] 

Truly. 

BILDER, 8. [Buydelen, Belg ] A wooden 

mallet to break clods. Yoi^ 

In Hampshire a similar tool is used to 

drive wedges in cleaving wood, and is 

there called a bittle. 

BILLED, adj. Distracted ; mad. Somerset, 

BILLY, 8, A bundle of wheat strew. DUto, 

BILLY-WIX, 8. An owl. Norf, Suff. 

BILLARD,«. A bastard capon. Suss, Grose. 

BIMEBY, adv, \ Corruption of by and by 

BINEBY, S West, South. 

BIN, covv*. [Being.] Because. Somerset, 

BIN NICK, 8. A minnow. DUto. 

B1NG,«. [Binne, Sax. a bin.] A box for 

corn, flour, &c. Noff. 

BIND, 8. [From binding round the pole.] 

The stalk of the hop. E. Suss, Kent, 

Frequently written bine. 

BIND- WEED, 8. The wild convolvulus. 

HatUs, 
BIRD-BATTEN, s, [Bird and bat. Sax. 
a stick.] 
The catching of birds by night in the fol- 
lowing manner, viz : A net is stretched 
on two poles, which are held by two 
men near to a com stack, on some spot 
where sparrows roost; a third holds a 
lantern behind the net, while a fourth 
beats the stack to rouse the birds, which, 
in their confusion, fly towards the light 
and are caught in the net. Som, Sum. 
Kent. In Hampshire it is called spar- 
row catching. 



BIRD-BATTIN-NET, s. The net used for 
the purpose above mentioned. DUto, 

BIRCHEN, i7dj. Made of birch. Som. 

BIRK,s. [Birk, Sax. birch.] Birch. Yor*. 

BIRD, or BURD, «. Bread. Som. 

BIRD OF THE EYE, s. The pupil of the 
eye. Sujf, 

BIRLADY, intj. By onr lady. York. Derby. 

BIRTLE, adj, ^ Norf. Suff^ 

S Brittle. 

BRITTLE, 3 S. Suss. Kent. 

lo BISHOP, V. a. To confirm ; so called 

^ from the bishop performing the ceremony 

of confirmation. Norf. Suff . 

BISHOP-BARNABEE, «. I Ntyrf, Suff. 

BISHOP, S South. Grose. 

This is the name given to the insect, Coc- 
cinella septem punctata. Forby thinks 
it may have been so called from the 
bishops in Catholic times wearing differ- 
ent coloured robes. This insect in Hamp- 
shire, Sussex, and Kent, is called the 
lady. bird, lady-€OW, and sometimes God 
Almighty's cow. The term lady has 
been given probably in consequence of 
its delicate, beautiful wings ; why it is 
called cow, I know not. It is called God 
Almighty's cow, I presume, from the re- 
spect which is shewn it, no one ever 
willingly hurting it ; but why this insect 
has been thus protected, as well as the 
robin-redbreast, I will not pretend to say. 
When children catch them they sing the 
following lines ^— 

Lady.blrd! Lady.bird! fly sway home. 
Your houie is on five, your cbUdren wUl bun. 

BISGEE, 8. [g hard] A rooting axe. Som. 

In Hampshire called a grab axe. 
BISKY, 8. [Bis, Lat. twice ; coit, French, 
baked.] A biscuit. Somerset. 

The word ** biscuit" is used in East Sussex 
and Kent in a different sense from the 
one in general use. Here it not only is 
applied to the biscuit commonly so 
called, but also to plain cakes in opposi- 
tion to richer ones; as a plum-biscuit; 
a seed-biscuit means a plam cake made 
of either of these ingredients. 
BISHOPPED, or } York. 

THE BISHOP HAS SETV 

HIS FOOT IN IT. ) Hants.lSus8. 
Milk or pottage burned in the process of 
heating. Grose says, when a bishop in 
former times passed through a village, 
every one ran out to receive his bless- 
ing, and during their absence the milk 
was burned ; hence the bishop was the 
innocent cause of it 
BITCH-DAUGHTER, s. Nightmare. York. 
B1SOT9.BEEZEN-BIZENED, adj. Blind. 

Northumberland, 
To BIVER, V. n. See Severing. Somerset. 
BLACK-SAP, 8. The jaundice in a very ad- 
vanced state. Norf. 



BLA. 



BLA. 



13 



York. 



7b BLAR, or BLARE, v. n* [Blaren, Belg. 
to low ] To bleal or low, at sh^ep and 
buliocki do. Norf. 9uf. E. 8fU8, Kent, 

BLAUNCH,f. Ablain. Norf. 8uff. 

BLAUTHY, a4f. [Blow, blowtb, Old Eng. 
bloom.] Bloated $ blown oat. Norf. 8v^, 

BLAAfOroe. [Blaen,Teot. to blow.] Blew. 

York, 

"■"EhtTl:""-} TO bleat. 
BLACK-OUSEL, «• [Black and osle, Sai.] 
The blackbird. York. 

BLACK-WATER, i. Bile on the Btomacb. 

York. 
BLAKE, adj, [Bleeck, Belg. pale.] Yellow. 
7b BLASH, p. a. Throw dirt. York, 

BLASHMENT, «• Weak liqtior. DiUo. 
BLASHY, acy. Wet and dirty. DUto. 

These worda are all derived from Plasche, 
Be%. A paddle or small piece of stand- 
ing water. Penning, 
BLAYBERRIES, f. Whortleberries. York» 
BLACKPOT^s. Black padding. Somerset. 
BLANKER, s. A spark of fire. Somerset. 
BLANSCUE,«. Amisfortane; unexpected 
accident. Somerset. 
BLACK-BOB, f . A black beetle. Berks. Grose. 
In Hampshire it is the same, bot in this 
county the ^word ^' bob," is applied to a 
louse, or any small insect. 
BLACK-EYED SUSAN, «. A wdl-pudding 
with plums or raisins in it. Sws. Grose, 
These puddings are made in East Sussei 
but not in West. They are thus made, 
a hole is cut in the top of the pudding 
and a large piece of butter put in,'and 
when melted, taken out and poured oyer 
it as it is helped out to the guests ; but 
I never heard the pudding called by this 
name. 
BLAKING, parU act. [See Blarmg.] Cry- 
ing ; out of bieath. Somerset. 
BLATCHY, e4j. [See blashy.] Black and 
dirty. Grose. 
BLEE, t. "J [Blee, 8ai. likeneis.] General 
Sresemblance. Ncrf. Suff, 
BLIGH, 3 Suss. Kent. 

As << he has the bligh of his fiither.'' 
BLEEK, adj. [Blsbck, Sax. pale.] Sickly ; 
pale ; sheepish. Norf. 9v^. 

BLEEANED, ^ [Blaen, TenU to 

(blow.] 
BLAANED, tNire tNits. £ Half dried; bloated. 

3 York. 

BLEAZE, s. A blaze. York. 

BLEARING, ixvt. ae(. Bbsing. York. See 

Craven JDialeet. 
BLEB,f. ^A babble; a blister. 

(Penning gives "blobbei" 
BLOB-SCOTCH, 3 «' a bubble." 
BLEED, f . Yield, applied to com. York. 
1 take the meaning to be this. How does 
the corn bleed ? is the same as the com- 
mon sayings, of hew did he bleed ? Did 
he bleed freely ? meaning did he give 



his money freely? If an animal, when 
killed by the butcher, does not bleed 
freely, it is not considered to have been 
in a healthy state. 
BLEUD-WATER, s. [Blood water, so called 
from the colour.] The red-water, a dis- 
ease in cattle. York. 
BLATHER, s. A bladder. Somerset. 
To BLATHER, v. n. To talk fast, and in 
consequence generally nonsensically. 
To talk so fast that bladders form in the 
mouth. Somerset. 
BLADDER-HEADED, adj. [From bladder 
and head ; a bladder sometimes signifying 
a slight swelling, puffed out with air and 
water, that is with nothing solid.] Slial- 
low pated ; atnpid. Suss. Hants. 
As regards ** blather" being used for 
'* bladder," one observation here may 
suffice, viz ! that many such changes 
have taken place, as may be instanced in 
•*murtber»' for *' murder," *' burthen" 
" burden." 
Blothered in Yoiksbire* 
BLACKBERRY-SUMMER, «. The fine 
weather which is generally experienced 
at the latter end of September and begin- 
ning of October, when the blackberries 
ripen. Hants. Suff* 
BLACK-THORN WINTER.ir. The cold 
which is generally experienced at the 
latter end of April and beginning of May, 
when the black-thoro is in blossom. 

HaiUs. S^f. 
BLANKET-PUDDING, s. A long round 
pudding made of flour and jam of some 
kindi which is spread over the paste and 
then rolled into the proper shape; so 
called from its being wrapped in folds, 
and covering the fruit as a blanket 
does a person in bed. It is some- 
times called a bolster pudding, probably 
frrom its shape. E. Suss. 

BLEACHY, adj. ^Brackish. Somerset. 

> [Brack, Belg.] Brackish. 
BREACHY, 3 Hants. Suss. 

BLEIT, or BLATE, adj. Bashful. NoHk. 
BLENCHES, s. [Query, Blemishes.] Faults. 

North. 
BLEN-CORN, t. Wheat mixed >ith rye ; 
hence blended com. York. 

BLENDINGS, s. Beans and peas mixed to- 
gether. North. 
BLENDIGO, a^. Cloudy. South. West. 

Hants. 
To BLENKY, v. n. To snow bat sparingly ; 

from 
BLENK8, s. Ashes. JVeit. according to 

Grose. 
BUND-WORM, s. The Mike called the 
•low-worm. North. South. 

7b BLIRT, V. n. [To btoie out.] To cry. 

North. 
BlASDfOdJ. Abortive, applied tobloiK>ms» 
^ which fail to produce fruit. Norf S^f, 

Hants. Sussb 



14 



BLI. 



BLO. 



BLIND SIM, BLIND-HOB, 1. The game 
of bliDdmanVboff. Norf. 8uff. 

BLINKED.BCCR,«. Bad beer. Norf.Sii^. 
Probably from to blink ; to blink the ques- 
tion is to eyade. Thus a question that is 
blinked is Host sight of, so beer that i« 
spoiled is lost. 
BLIAND, i, A blind ,• a cloak. York. 

BLIND-BUCK AND DAVY, t. Blindman's- 
buff. Somerset. <* Blind back and have 
ye," according to Jennings. 
BLISSOM, adj, Blithsome. York. 

To BLISSOM, v. n. A ewe is said to be 
blissom or be bltssoming, when she wants 
the ram. Sum. Hants, 

These words come, I presume^ from bliss, 
from blisslan. Sax. to rejoice. 
BLOCK-HORSE, «. A hand-barrow, so 
^ called as not having a wheel. Norf. Suff. 
BLOOD-FALLEN, part, pass, Chill-blained. 

Norf, Suff. 

So called from the blood being congealed 

or fallen ; that is, incapable of rising 

from want of circulation. 

BLOOD-OLPH,«. The bull-finch. Norf. 



To BLORE, V. n, [See blare.] To bellow 

as a bull. NoJif. Suff. 

BUOWfS, Blossom; *'as there is a fine 

blow of apples this year.** Norf. S^f. 

Suss. Hants. 
BLOU7G, s. A woman with hair or head 
dress loose, or decorated with vulgar fine- 
ry ; a woman's bonnet, most properly of 
that sort called a "* slouch." 
BLOXJZY, s. Tricked out in flaring flnei^. 
Mr* Forby, who mentions these words m 
his vocabulary of East Anglia, gives no 
derivation to them, and disputes that 
given in Todd's Johnson, of a blossom, 
or like a blossom. Now I venture to 
think that the true root is ''blossen" 
Belg. to grow red, which exactly agrees 
with the sense in which these wor£ are 
used in Hampshire, where '* to be in a 
blouze," is to look red from being in a 
vulgar heat ; and *' blouzy" is the beiiig 
in this state of uncomfortable heat. 
As to blouze signifying a woman's bonnet, 
particularly a ^ slouch," I shall merely 
hazard the question as to whether It may 
Dot be derived from *' blousie Belg. 
A round frock." 
BLOWN-HERRING, <. ) Norf,8vff, 

BLOATED-HERRING, S E, Suss. Kent, 
A herring partially dried, intended for im- 
mediate consumption, and thus is only 
dried sufficiently to make it swell, or be- 
come puffed up or bloated. 
BLOACHER, s. [Corruption of bloater; 
a herring dried as above, is in Norfolk 
called a bloater.] Any large animal. 

Norihu/mberUmd. 
To BLOGGY, v. n. To sulk or be sullen. 

Somerset. 

BLOTEN-FOND, adj. [Blowan, Sax. to 

swell with wind.] Fond as a child of 



its nurse; excessively fond; ''the child 
is bloaten of her." If a bullock or 
sheep, from excess of appetite, eat too 
£ut or too greedily, it becomes *' blown," 
as the term is ; thus a child, excessively 
fond of its nurse, may be said to be bloten 
or blown. Chester. 

BLOW-M AUNGER, «, [Bkm and noanger, 

to eat.], A fat, full-£iced person, one 

whose cheeks are puffed out or blown 

with eating. Somerset, 

BLY,«. [Blee.Sax.] Likeness, resemblance ; 
as he has the bly of his father, i. e. is 
like him. B. Suss. 

BLOW-MILK, s. [Blue milk, sometimes 
familiarly called sky-blue, from the bluish 
hue which it assumes.] Skimmed milk. 

North. 

BLUE, s. The popular term for ale in So- 
mersetshire, according to Grose, although 
Jennings does not mention the word. 
Perhaps it is now obsolete. 

7b BLUFFE, V. n. To blindfold. North. 

BLUFF, a4i, << To look bluff," is to look 
big. Suss. Hants, 

BLXJNDINGS, s. [Blendings, blander, Dan. 
to blend] Beans and peas grown to- 
gether. 

To BLUSH, V. n. [Blush, a slight tinge of 
a colour.] To resemble. North. 

BLUSH, «• A slight resemblance. SotUh, 

BLUNK, adJ, Squally ; tempestuous. See 
Blenky. Norf, Grose. Not in Forby. 

7o BLUTHER, V. a. [From blot.] To blot 
in writing; to disfigure the face with 
weeping. Norf. Suff. 

BOBBEROUS,a<i;. Elated. North. See 
bobbery and banbery. 

BOCHANT, oijy. [Boucher, Fr. to kiss.] 
A forward wench. fVUts. 

BODLE, s. A Scotch coin. North. 

BODY, s. A simpleton. North. Grose, 

In the South it rather signifies a person, 

and has generally an epithet attached to 

it, as *' a clever body,** ^' a simple 

body," &c. 

BOGART, 'S 

BOGALE, or / A spectre. North. Grose. 

BOGLY, s. > 

BOGGARD, s. \\ goblin. York. Craven. 

BO, s. J Hobgoblin. Ditto. 

These words may be derived either from 
bo, Welsh ; bprgwydd, Welsh ; or Bogfl, 
Belg. ; each signifying a spectre. 

BOGGE, adj\) South. 

> Bogate, Russian. A giant. 

BOGG, ) Norf. S^f. 

Bold ; forward, self-sufficient 

To BOKE, V, n. [Query, Poke.] To point 
at. Chesh. 

BOULDER, s. [From bowl, being always 
round and smooth.] Round stones cast 
up by the sea and used in building. Suss. 

BOLE, f. [Bowl.] A measure. North. 

BOLL OF SALT^ «. Two bushels. 

Northumberland. 

BOLL OF A TREE, [Bolus, Lat. Fenning.] 



BOL. 



BOL. 



15 



The trunk or body of a tree being roand. 

North. South, 
BOLLINGS, s. Trees, whose heads and 
branches are cut off, and so called having 
only their stems or bolls left. Grose, 

BOAR, BORE, *. [Boren, Teut. To bore ; 
to push forward with violence.] The 
violent flowing of the tide into some 
rivers, attended with great noise ; parti« 
cularly into the Parret in Somersetshire, as 
' mentioned by Jennings, and by him de- 
rived from boar, the animal. I prefer the 
derivation I have given. 
BOAR-THISTLK, ». The carduus lanceo- 
latus, having very strong prickles, and so 
called in opposition to sonclius arvensis ; 
the sow-thistle, having weaker prickles. 

Norf, Suff, Suss, Hants, 
BOARD-CLOTH, s. A table-cloth. Norf, 
[Bord, Sax. Table.] . 
To BOB, V, a. To cheat. JVi>r/. Suff, 

FewMug* 
BOBBISH, adf/. Clever. DUto, 

BOBBISHLY, adv. Cleverly. Somerset, 
All three from bobe, old Fr. a joke, ac- 
cording to Mr. Forby. 
To BOAKEN, v, n, \ [Boken, Belg.] To 
BOKE, ' . 3 belch; to vomit. 

York, 
BOB, 9. [Bobe, Fr. a pimple.] A bunch. 

York, 
BOB,«. A name given to many small in- 
sects ; as a louse, or some of the beetle 
tribe. HarUs 

BODDUM, «. {Bodem, Belg.] Bottom. 
Here again we have the truer word than 
the one now in use. York, 

To BODE, V. n. [Ang. Sax. beod, a table.] 

to board. 
BODE-CLOTH, s, A table cteth. Norf, Suff, 
To BODGE, V. a, [Bodeo, Dan.] To patch 

clumsily. Warvoiek, 

BOTCH,> A thump. To do any- 
thing badly. Suss, 
BODILY, adv. Entire. Norf. Suss, 
BOIST,«. ^[Boss.] A swelling. 
BOISTEROUS, acy. f Boisterous. Old word 

/used by Wickliffe and 
3 Chaucer. Norf, 

BOKE, 8. Bulk. Norf Suff This evi- 
dently is a corrupt pronunciation of bulk, 
as yolk is pronounced yoke; folk, foke. 
To BOKE, r. n. {Bealcan, Ang. Sax. to 
belch.] To nauseate ; to be ready to 
▼omit. Norf, Suff, 

To BOKE-OUT, v, n. [From poke.] To 
swell out; to gain bulk and pre-emi- 
nence; probably as a poke or pocket 
does when full. Norf, S%^f, 

BOILING, s. The whole boiling means the 
whole party; all the lot without any ex- 
< ception ; that is all that is boiling in the 
^ pot is the same. Yor, Suss, Htans, 

BOILABY,*. [From to boil.] A place 
where salt is boiled. North, Penning, 
To BOLT, V. n. To bolt is to swallow meat 



whole. ircit«. Suss. Hants. Nof. Suff, North. 

In Yorkshire they have this saying; viz : 

Do you bolt or chaw [chew ?] Is this 

derived from the verb to bolt, in its 

common sense, that of fastening with a 

bolt ; the bolt being pushed into the 

staple when the door is bolted, in the 

same way as a piece of meat is pushed 

. or forced into the throat whole without 

chewing. 

BOLTING, s, A truss of straw. To bolt is 

to truss straw. Glow. Does bolting here 

mean making fast ? A bolt of straw is a 

quantity of straw tied up fast. A lock of 

hay or wool, is aquantityhanging together, 

BOLT-UPRIGHT, a^J. As straight as.a 

bolt, or an arrow. Suss, Hants. 

To BOMBAZE, v. a, [Probably the same 

as bamboozle, though Mr. Forby thinks 

otherwise.] To confound; to perplex. 

Norf. Suff. 
BONE-FLOWER, s. [Bon and flower.] A 
daisy. North. 

bones', *. Bobbins for making lace, pro- 
bably first made of bones ; hence bone- 
lace. North. Grose. 
BONESHAVE, s. A bony or horny excre- 
scence, growing out of horse's heels. Som. 
BONE-SETTER, adj. A surgeon. lAncoln. 
A rough trotting horse. Suss. Hants. 
BONE-DRY, adj. Dry, like a bone, long 
bleached in the wind. Norf. 
*' As dry as a bone" is commonly used in 
the same sense in the South. 

Fatigued and tired in an 
extreme degree ; as 
though the pain arising 
from fatigue had enter- 
ed the very bones. 
Norf Suff. 

BONNY, ay. [Bon, Fr.] Brisk; cheer- 
ful; in good health and spirits. Norf. 

St^. Hants. Suss. Kent, 

BONDY, *. [Bandig, Germ, tractable.] Yk. 

A simpleton. Bailey. 

BOOK, s. [Bulk, the 1 being dropped as m 

folk, and some other words. York, 

BOON, s. [Bonus, Lat.] Service done by 

the tenant to the landlord, or a sum of 

money given as a compensatioiu 

BOORLY, adj\ [Boer, Teut. a 

Rough. 
BOOS, *. Boughs. York. Boh. 
BOOSES, 9. [Boseg, Ang. Sax.] 



BONE-LAZY, adj. 

BONE-SORE, 

BONE-TIRED, 



York. 
boor.] 

York. 
Sax. 
Stalls. 



York. 

BOOBY-HUTCH, s. A clumsy, ill-con- 
trived covered carriage, or seat. Norf. 

Suss. Hants. Kent. 
BOOK and BANE, adj\ [Lusty; strong. 

North. Grose. 

Perhaps back and bone, as it is common to 

say " he is sound to the back-bone ;" on 

the soundness of which depends a man's 

strength. . , un 

To BOOAC, V. n. [Boken, Belg. to belch] 

to letch ; to vomit. Nortn, 



16 



BOS. 



BOU. 



BOOR, «. [Bye, Sax. a dwelling.] The 
parlour, bed-chamber, of inner room. 

dumb, 

BOOSTERING, flkl;. [Perhaps corrupted 
from boisterous.] Labouring busily, so 
as to sweat. Somertet. 

To BOOT, V. n. [Bate, Sax. a compensa- 
tion. Boeten, Belg. to profit] To sig- 
nify ; to matter. It boota not to teli you ; 
that is, it is of no use to talk about it. 

North. 

To BOOT, V, n. To give, applied to some- 
thing given over and above in making a 
bargain. Nortfu South* 

BOOTED-BREAD, a4f. Wheat mixed with 
rye. York. 

Query. Wheat and rye to " boot." 

BOOTED^CORN, Is corn imperfectly grown, 
as barley, when part of the ear remains 
enclosed in its spathe or sheath, having 
as itwere a boot over it. HagUs, W. Suss, 

BOOSY, adj. [Buyssen, Belg. to drink.] 
Drunk. Kent. E. Suss, 

To BOP, V. n. To dip, or duck suddenly 

Norf. Suf. 
Elder tree, so called be- 



BORE-TREE, 
BXJR-TREE 




cause boys bore out the 
'pith |to make pop-guns 
with. North. 

BORSE, 8. A calf of half a year old. Hants. 

Grose. 

BORR1D,AJ/. [Boar-rid.] A sow when 

ahe wants a boar, is said to be borrtd. 

Somerset, 
BORH, BOR, «« [Borg, community or 
township.] A fomiliar word of ad- 

dress in Norf. For some clever remarks 
on which, see Forby. 
BOSH, s. [Botse. Fr. a raised ornament.] 
''To cut a^bosh," '* to cut a figure.' 

Norf. Sujr. 
BOSS, s, [Bosse,Fr.] A hod for mortar, 
being carried on the shoulders like a 
hump, or raised lump. Norf. Si\f, 

To BOSSOCK, V, n, [Bosse. Fr.] To tum- 
ble clumaily as it were ; to throw all the 
limbs together in a heap. Norf. Suff, 
BOSTAL, «. A way ap hill. JHtta. 

[Burstan, Sax. to break open and hill.] 
BOSKY, adU. [Boscua, LaL] Woody. York. 
BOSKY, ad(;. [Buysaen, Belg. to drink.] 
^elated with liquor; merry, not drunk. 

M. Susses. 
7b BOSUM, V. fu To eddy aa tha wind. Yk. 

From bosom. 
BOTTLE, s, [botte, Fr. a bundle.] Bun- 
dle, a bundle of grasa or hay. Norf, 

York. 
See Cobbett'f ride through France. 
BARLEY-BOTTLES, s. Bundles of barley 
straw given to form horses^ formerly in 

Norf. Suff. 
BOTTLE, s. [Bonteille^ Fr.] A cow's ud- 
der. Norf, York. 
BOTTLE-BIRD, t. An apple rolled up and 
. baked in a crust. Norf. 8t^. I 



BOTTLE-BUMP, s. [Butor, Fr. a bitttern ; 
and bump from the noise it makes.] 
A bittern. Norf. Suff. 

To BOTTLE-UP, v, a, [To remember,* 
generally applied to the recollection of 
an injury, as I bottlea that up in my mind, 
watching the opportunity of revenge. Suss. 

BOTTRY-TREE, s. The elder-tree. North. 
BOTCHET, s. Small beer ; mead. North. 

BOUDS, s, plu, A snudl inaect infesting 
malt, called Weevels. Norf. Penning 
has the word. 

BOUDY, adj. Applied to malt infested with 
bonds, which give a nauseous taste to the 
beer brewed from it. Norf. 

BOTHERED, part, pas. [Both and ear. 
As when a person is talked to in both 
ears at the same time, he is bothered or 
confused] distracted; confused. South. 

BOUT, prep. Without. Cheshire, ttaOey, 

Corruption of about, as a person without 

a place is capable of going about, which 

a person confined within any place is not. 

BOW, t. A small arched bridge, evidently 
so called from its shape. Somerset. 

BOUGHT, or ^ [Bout, Belg. the bolt of the 
f bone,] 
r The point of the knee or el- 

BUPT, *. ) bow. Craven, York. 

BOUK, s. [Buck. Sax.] A bucket or pail 
for holding water. 

WHIRL.BOUK,«. A churn which is woik- 
ed by turning round. Stafford. 

To BOUK, V. a. [Buycken, Belg. To 
wash] hence comes the term, *' to wash 
bucking/' which is complete tautology. 

York. 

BOUGE, t. '' To make a bouge,** is to com- 
mit a gross blunder. Norf, Suff. 
From BoQ|e, Fr. a bulge. A bulge or 
swelling is a defect. 

To BOUGE, V. n. [Bouge, Fr.] To bulge 
or swell out. Norf. Suff. 

BOUGE, s. The round swelling part of a 
cask. k, Sussex. 

To BOUN,v. a. [Bon, Fr. or bonus, Lat.] 
To dress ; to unboun j to undress. North. 

BOVTSy s.plu. [Botta,Ital.atum.] Con- 
tests ; most properly so much of a contest 
as takes place at one time, without inter- 
mission. A heat, as in a horse race; a 
merry bout, ia a merry-making. North. 

South. 

roBOURD,«. Tojeat. North. 

BOURN, «. Yeast. Somerset. Is this a cor- 
ruption of barm, from barm, Sax. To 
swell or ferment ? 

BOURN, s. [Bourn, Sax.] A stream. North 
generally, sometimes but rarely in the 
South. 

BOUT-HAMMER, s. The heavy two-hand- 
ed hammer used by blacksmitba. Noff, 
Query. Is this both-hammer, both-handed 
hammer, both hands being used ? 

BOWS, part pass. Swelled. Norf. Grose. 
^ Perhaps corrupted from blown, puffed out. 



BRA. 



BRA. 



17 



BOWN, or BOW f part. [Bound.] Going 
to do a thin^. North. Where are yoa 

bound ; (a sea phrase) where are you 

sailing to ? 
B0WDY-K1TE> «. A person who is pot- 

bellied. North. 

BOWrr, 9. A lantbora. North. 

BOWRY, 8. A bower or arbour, Norf, Suff, 
BOY'S LOVE, 8n Sulhernwood. Somerset. 
BOZZUM, or BUZZOM.CHUCKED, adj. 

baying a deep dark redness in the cheeks. 

W€8t. 

Is this boozy-cheeked ; a boozy or drunken 
person, having red cheeks ? 

BOWLDER-STONES, See boulder. 

BRAN, «• A brand; a stump of a tree, or 
irregular piece of wood, fit only for the 
fire. 

BRAA, s. [Bre> Welch, a hill.] A bank or 
brow. Craven, York. 

BRAAD-BAND, s. Com laid out in the field 
in band. Cra, York. 1 know not what tbe 
author of the Craven dialect means by 
band, unless it is ploughing of land in se- 
parate ridges, or parcels divided from 
each by an open furrow, which answers 
the double purpose of carrying off the 
ivaler, and of guiding the seedsman in 
■owing his com. These distinct pieces 
are in Hampshire called "lands," in 
East Sussex and Kent, " warps." 

BRABBLEMENT,9. [Brabbelen, Belg.] 
Wrangling. York* 

BRACK, part. Broke. DUto. 

BRACK, t, [Brack, Belg. salt.] Salt DUto. 

BRACKISH, adj. Having a salt taste. So^Uh. 

BRACKENS, «,. l[From break, I should 

BRAKES, 5 suppose, because they are 

3 brittle.] Fen. Lincoln. 
Norf. S^f. North. 

BRACKLY, ody.^ [Derived as above from 

I break.] Norf. 

BRUCKLE, ^Brittle. £. Susi. Kent. 

I Somerset. 

BRICKLE, \ o ^ 

BRICKLY, J Somerset. 

BRACKET, or BRAGGETT, s. A com- 
pound drink, made of honey and spices. 

North. Orose. 

To BBADE,>. n. [Breyd*, Goth.] To re- 
semble. York. 

To BRADE, V. n. To Desire to vomit ; ap- 
pearing to be sick ; resembling a person 
who is sick, and thus derivable as above. 

York. 

To BRAID, V. a. [To bray.] To beat and 
blend soft substances and mixtures. Norf. 

BRAIN-PAN, «• [Brain and panne, Ang. 

Sax. Cranium.] The skull. Norf. Suff. 

BRAIDS,*. [Brayden, Belg. To weave.] 

A wicker guard for protecting trees newly 

grafted. Glouc. 

This word is probably derived also from 

breyden, to weave, it signifying to make 

twine, or mix together. 

7b BRAMISH, v. To flourish ; to gesticu 



late and assume affected airs. Norf. Suff. 
This is evidently a corruption of brandish^ 
though not so given by Mr. Forby. 
BRAND, s. [Branden, Belg. to bum.] Smut. 

Somerset. Norf. Suff. 
BRAND-IRONS, s. [Irons used for sup- 
porting the wood in a wood; fire, and 
thence, as I conceive called '* brand 
irons," that is irons to support the brands 
or burning wood.] Grose gives the deri- 
vation andirons, and so does Penning ; 
the latter thinks it a corruption of end- 
irons. North. Hampshire] also, where 
they are frequently called dogs, per- 
haps from the upper part of the iron be- 
ing sometimes ornamented with the head 
of a dog. 
BRANDY, adj. Smutty. Norf. Suff. 

BRANDRITH, or BRANDER, s. I North. 
BRANDIRE, [Branden, Belg.] SSomerstt. 
An iron stand on which to place a vessel 
over the fire. 
BRAND-NEW, adj. [Fresh from the fire, 
just worked off by the blacksmith.] Quite 
new. 

E. Suss. South. 
BRANDED, par/. Black and white stripes 
mixed, the black ones showing as though 
burnt. 
BRAN-VIER, s. A fire made with brands. 
Vier is the Somersetshire pronunciation of 
f liard like a v. 
BRANDIS, s. A semicircular implement of 
iron, made to be suspended over the fire, 
on which vaiious things may be pre- 
pared ; it ismuch used for warming milk. 
The«e words are used in Somerset, and 
are all derived from branden, Belg. to 
burn. 
BRANT, ad/. [Brant, Swed.] Steep. York. 

Northumb, 
BRANK, s. Buckwheat. Essex. St^f. Norf. 
BRASH, 9. [Braasch, Teut. brittle.] Twigs. 

York.. 
BRASHY, a^y. [Brash.] Applied to land 
oveigrown with weak grass, rushes or 
twigs. Norf. 

BRASH, s. An ascid and watery rising m 
the mouth from the stomach. Norf. 

May not this come from brack-salt, brack- 
ish ? 
To BRASH, V. [To do anything hastily or 
rashly. North. Grose. 

BRASH, «. A fit, or tumbling one about. 

Northumb, North. Orose. 
Grose gives no etymology. May not the 
verb "to brash** be a corruption of to 
be rash. The substantive may be de- 
rived from braasch, Teut^ as above, brit- 
tle, weak, as when a person falls into a 
fit, he is weak, unable to stand. 
BRASH, 8. [Braasch, Teut.] A crash. Som. 
A crash is a sudden fall ; brittle things fall 
suddenly. 
BRASHY, adj. [Braasch.] Small ; refuse 
fuel. North. In the South the small 



18 



BRA. 



BRE. 



underwood is called the brash or brush- 
wood, being as it were brushed up after 
the best of the wood is cleared away. 
BRAT, »• a course apron ; a rag* iJneoin. 

Qrose* 

BRATCH, s. A kind of hound. North. 

BRATCHET, s. [Brat and chit, both these 

words being contemptuous and angry 

terms for a child.] Aji untoward child. 

Nortk. 

To BRATTLE, «. a. [Query. Brittle, from 

brittan, Sax. to break.] To lop the 

branches of trees after they are felled. 

Norf, 

BRATTLINGS, *. [From the verb.] Lop- 

pings from felled trees. Norf. 

BRAVELY, adv. Very much recovered 

from sickness. Norf. Suff. In good health 

York. HcaUi. Sutsea, Kent, Finely, gayly. 

York. 
BRAWN, «. A bore. Forby observes it is 
an ancient usage to call the living animal 
by the name of his flesh, when cut up 
and cured ; as in the accounts of feasts in 
the Northumberland house book, we read 
of beefs, muttons, and veals. Aor/. Suff. 
BRAUCHE, or BRAWCHE, 9. [Braasch, 
Teut. brittle.] Rakings of straw to kin- 
dle fires. Kent. 
BRAUCHIN, 8. [See brauche.] A collar for 
a horse, made of old stockings stuffed 
with straw. Cvmb. 
BRAUGH-WHAM, «• [Bra, Scotch, breve ; 
fine. Whamme, Germ, fat.] A dish made 
of cheese, eggs, bread and butter, all 
boiled together. Lane. 
To BRAY, V. n. To neigh as a horse. Berki. 
V, a.. To bruise. York. 
BREAD and BUTTERS, «. Slices of but- 
tered bread. E. 8iU9. Kent, 
BREACHY, adv, [Br^che, Fr. ruption.] 
Spoken of cattle that are apt to break out 
of their pasture. Sussex. 
BREACHY, adf. [Bnck, Dutch.] Saltish ; 
having a saltish taste ; as water into which 
the sea has broken. Sussex. 
BREAK, «. Land is called a '* break" when 
first ploughed, after having laid for years 
in rough pasture or sheep walk) from its 
being then broken up. Norf. 
In Kent and Sussex, a horse-hoe. 
BRECK, #. [From break.] A large division 
of an open corn-field. Norf. 
To BREADE, v. a. [Breed, Belg.] To 
spread or make broad. Northumb. 
To BREAK, V. a. In Hampshire, according 
to Grose, this word and tear have changed 
their usual meanings, as thus, '* I have 
torn the decanter,*' *'! have broken mv 
apron." This does not apply to the South 
East part of Hampshire. 
BRECK, «. Breaking. York. 
To BREAN, V, n. [Brenne, Isl. Heat.] To 
perspire. York. 
RECKmGS,«. [From to break.] Fern. 

North. 



To BREE, r. a. To frighten. North. 

BREEA,». [Bree, Welch, a hill.] The 
bank of a river. North. 

BREED, s. [Breed, Belg. broad,] The brim 
of a bat. Gloue. 

Breadth. North. 

BRED,«. [Brodan, Aug. Sai. tobind. For- 
by. Perhaps bred, Sax. a board.] A 
board used to press curd for cheese, some- 
what less in circumference than a vat. 

Norf. Suff, 

BRED-SORE, BREEDER, s. A whitlow, 

or any sore coming without wound or 

other visible cause; and hence called 

bred sore, that is a sore bred in the body. 

Norf Suff. 
BREEKS, s. [Brcc, Sax.] Breeches. North. 
BREEOD,«. [Breod, Sax.] Bread. York, 
BREET, fluiy. Bright. York. 

BREOTH,«. Breath. DUto. 

BREWARD, «. [Breed, Belg. broad ] The 
young blades of springing com, which 
are just come abroad. 
The brim of a hat. York. 

To BREID, or BRADE, «. n. [Braedan, Sax. 
to breed.] To resemble any one in dis- 
position, as though they were of the same 
breed. Nor)humb. 

BRENT-BROW, s. [Bree, Welch, a hill.] 
a steep hilL North. 

To BRIAN, r. a. [Brennen, Teut. to burn.] 
To brian an oven is to keep fire at the 
■ month of it, either to give light or pre- 
serve the heat. Northumb. 
To BRICKEN, «. n. To bridle up, or to 
bold up the head. North. 
BRIDE- W AIN, «. A custom in Cumber- 
berland, where all the friends of a new- 
married couple assemble together and 
are treated with cold pies, furmity, and 
ale. At the conclusion of the day, the 
bride and bridegrroom are placed in two 
chairs in the open air, or in. a large bam, 
the bride with a pewter dish on her knee, 
half covered with a napkin; into this 
dish the company put their offerings, 
which sometimes amount to forty or 
fifty pounds. 

The bride-wain in Craven was formerly a 
waggon laden with furniture, given to 
the bride when she left her father's 
house, the horses decorated with rib- 
bons. The custom is now obsolete. 
18S4. 
BRIDE-ALE, s. In the Craven district in 
the West Riding of Yorkshire, immedi- 
ately after the performance of the mar- 
riage ceremony, a ribbon is proposed as 
I the prize for a foot oi a horse-race to the 
future residence of the bride. Should 
either of the disputants neglect to shake 
bands with the bride he cannot gain the 
prize. The winner requests to l^ shewn 
the bride's chamber ; be turns down the 
bed clothes, and returns with a tankard of 
warm ale in his hand to meet the bride, 



fiRL 



BRO. 



19 



to whom lie triumphantly prefents it. j 
He may go some distance to meet them, 
as ic.is very unlncky for the bride and 
bridegroom; to gallop. The bride then 
presents the ribbon to the winner, and 
thus adorned, he accompanies the bridal 
party to their residence. 

BRlDE.L>OOR,«. << To run for the bride- 
door" signifies the same custom as bride- 
ale in the the North. 

BRIDC-GAKB, «. In Craven the bridal par- 
ty, after leaving the church, repair to a 
neighbouring inn, where a thin currant- 
cake, marked in squares, but not entirely 
cut through, is ready against the bride^ 
arrival. Over her head is spread a clean 
linnen napkin, the bridegroom standing 
behind her, breaks the cake over her 
head, which is then thrown over her and 
scrambled for by the attendants. 

BRIEF, «. A general name for any written 
or pi inted petition, or begging paper of 
whatsoever description. Norf. 8v^, 

BRIEF, adj. Rife]; (common; prevalent; 
spoken of a contagious disorder in the 
North, according to Grose, and probably 
used to express the quickness with which 
the contagion spreads. 

BR16,«. [Brig, Sax.] Abridge. NoHh. 

BRIM, s. [Brenne, heat, Ish] The beat in 

sows. fiarlh, Norf, Suf, 

A strumpet. Norf, Suff. 

BRIMMING, port. act. The sow is brim- | 
ming, means the sow is at beat. Norf. 
Suff. B. Stut. KenL [Brenne. Iceland, 
heat] 

BRIMMLE,». [Biemble, Sax.] A bramble. 

Somerset. 

To BRINE, V a. To bring. Norf. Suff. 

To BRING'GWAIN, v. a. [To bring going.] 
To spend; to accompany some ^distance 
on a journey. Somenet. Jenningi. The 
latter explanation is dear enough, but 
not so the first. 

BRINK-WARE, «. Small fisgots to repair 
the banks or brink of a river, and hence 
the name. Norf, Suff, 

BRISS, «. Dust. Somerset. Brosse is Fr. 
for brush ; dust is sweepings, or brush- 
ings; the change from Brosse to briss, is 
by no means greater than is continually 
witnessed. 

To BRIT, V. a. [Brittan, Sax. to break.] 
To indent ; to make an impression, ap- 
plied to solid bodies. Somerset, 

To BRIXT, or BRITE, [Brittan.] Hops are 
said to britt or brite, when from being 
over ripe they shatter. E. Suss. Kent. 

BROAC, 8. [Broche, Fr.] A spit. Kent. Nth. 

BROACH-STEEPLE, s. A steeple, so called 
from its being pointed like a spit. North. 

BROCHES, BliAUCHES, s. [Broche, Fr. 
a spit.] Rods of willow or hazle sharp- 
ened at each end, and bent in the middle ; 
used by thatchers to fasten on the straw. 

Norf. 



BROAD, 9. A lake formed by the expan- 
sion of a river m a flat country, as Bray- 
don Broad, Norf» Cultou Broad, Suff, 
In East Sussex we have the broad-water ; 
so called from the water being more 
broad than deep. 

BROAD-BEST, s. The best suit of apparel. 
Forbj says because understood to be made 
of the best broad cloth. Is it not rather 
from abroad and best, the best clothes 
being worn on going out to visit one's 
friends. Norf. Suff. 

BROCK, s, [Broc, Sax.] A badger. North. 
Norf. Suff. A young grass-hopper. JHUo. 

To BROB, V. n. [Probably corrupted from 
probe,] To prick with a bodkin. North. 

BROOKING MONGREL, s. A vicious 
jade, apt to throw her rider.^ West. Orose. 
Brock, as seen above, ^is a grass-hopper ; 
a grass-hopper jumps pretty quickly; a 
vicious horse is apt to jump and caper 
about. Is this a probable etymology ? 

BROCK, s. [Broke, broken.] An irregular 
piece of peat dried for fuel. Somerset. 

BROCKET, part. pass. Broken. York, 

BROCK-FACED, adj. Having a white lon- 
gitudinal Hue down the face, as a badger 
or brock has. York. 

To BUODDLB, e. a. [Briddle, Sax, a sieve.] 
To make holes. York, 

BROGS,«. [Brock-broken.] Small sticks. 

North. 

To BROG, V. a.. To crop. Craven, 

To BROKE, e. n. Sheep are said to broke, 
when lying under a broken bank of earth. 

York. 

BROO, 8. [Broder, Dutch.] Brother. York. 

To BROOK, V. n. To brook up ; spoken of 

the clouds when they draw together and 

threaten rain. South. Grose. 

A brook is a collection of water ; to brook 

signifies to collect watei. 

BROSiSEN, part. pass. IBnrst. North. 

MBrocken, Teat, to 

BROSTEN, 3 break.] 

BROTT, [See Brit.] Shaken corn. Craven. 

To BROWDEN,e. n. To be fond of any 
thing. North, 

BROWN-CROPS, «. Pulse, as beans, peas, 
and tares ; tlie haulm or straw being 
brown or dark, in contradiction to wheat, 
barley, and oats, which are called in 
Hampshire, white straw crops. Qloue. 

BROWN-LEEMING, s, A ripe brown nut. 

Craten. 

BROW IS, or BREWIS, s. [Brjrwes, Welch.] 
Pieces of bread soaked m water, and 
then saturated with fat. Craven. 

BRUCKLENESS, s. [See Brackly.] The 
state of being bruckle or brittle. Somerset. 

To BRUCKE, V. a. To make dirty. NoHhb. 

BRUCKLED, adj. Dirty. Northumb. 

Norf. Stif, 

Are these two words derived from bruck, 

Belg. a brook ; any one being brooked, 

or pushed into a brook becomes more 

•r less dirty. 



20 



BRU. 



BUC. 



BRUFF. adj. Hearty ; jolly ; healthy. Narf. 

Suff. 

According to Mr. Forby, who attempts no 

etymology, but asks should it be spelled 

brough ? In Sussex this word is used, 

"Where it means rough, short in manners 

and speech, and then it evidently comes 

from bruh, Sai. rough, and is in fact 

a more correct word than " rough" and 

certainly should be spelled <' brough." A 

person who is Learty and jolly is also apt 

lo be rough. 

BRUARTS HAT, s. [Breit, TeuJ. broad.] 

The brim of a hat. Cheshire, 

To BRUMP, ». a. To lop trees in the night. 

Norf. Suff. Query. Should this be 

" berump," as behead, &c. 

BRUMP, *. [Bear-rump.] That is as much 

plunder as can be carried away at once ; 

what you can bear on the'rump or back ? 

Ni/rf. 

BRUN, «• [Brun, Sax. Brown.] Bran being 

the brown part of a grist, from which the 

white flour has been separated. Norf. 

To BRUSLE, t>. a. [Bristlan, Sax.] To dry. 

The sun brusles the hay. North. Grose. 

BRVSS, acy. [Brusque, Fr.] fUpstartish; 

proud. East Sussex, 

To BRUSSLE, v. n. [Bristlan, Sax.] To 

_ rustle. E. Sussex. 

To BRUT, V. a. "If Brouter, Fr. to nibble.] 

g Grose 

BRIT, ) [Brittan Sax. to break. 

East Sussex, Kent. To browse; the cow. 
brats the young wood. 
BRUTTLE, adj, [Brittan, Sax.] A bruttle 
cow, one apt to break through fences. 

nnTT«^« « , ^' Sussex, 

BRUSTLE, s, [Burstacl, Teut.] A bristle. Nf. 
To BRUZZ, r, a. To bruise. Craven, York, 
BUBBLE and SQUEAK, s. A dish composed 
of fried beef and cabbage, and so called 
from the noise it makes when over the 

%*,r™V ^^T Hants. Sussex. 

BUBBLEY, adj. [Bubble.] Snotty. The 

bairn has a bubbley nose. NoHh, 

BUBBY, 8, [Bubble, it being round and 

globular.] A woman's breast. Sussex, 

_ _,,.>^-_ , Hants, 

7b BUCK, r. a. [Buycken, Belg.] To wash. 

Vtrrh 

BUCK, s. [Buce. belly, Ane. Sax. Forby.] 

(Buckse^ Germ, a box.J The breast. 

_. . _, Suff. BaOey. 

The body of a cart or wagon, in which the 

load is placed. Norf. Suff. Forby. 

m nvT/iir ^^^ Sussex, 

7toBUCK,v.n. To spring or bound with 
ability, like a buck. Norf. Su/T. 

BUCKER.HAM, s. The hock joint of a 
horse. These two last are derived from 
bucken, to bend. jvbrf. SuiT. 

BUCKLE-HORNS, *. Short crooked horns 
turning horizontally inwards, as though 
inclined to buckle together. North, 



BUCKER. s. A horse's hind leg; a bent 
piece of wood, somewhat like it in shape, 
particularly that on which a slaughtered 
animal is hung up, more generally called 
a gambrel. Norf, Suff. 

BVCKARD or BUCKED, part, pass, [Bouc, 
Fr. a goat which has a rank smell.] Milk 
soured by being kept too long in the milk 
bucket, or in a foul bucket. Somerset. 

BUCKY,{<K«y. [Bouc, Fr.]. A sweet rank 
cheese is so called in Hampshire. 

To BUCK, V, n, [Bucc, Ang. Sax, belly.] 
To swell out. Somerset. 

BUCK-HEADING, BUCKSTALUNG, ;7a*t. 
pass. Cutting hedges down to a fence 
height. Norf, Suff, 

Perhaps originally kept to a height to pre- 
vent deer from jumping over. See Forby. 

BUD, coty. But. Craven. 

BUD, s. A weaned cow of the first year, 

so called because the horns then begin 

to bud. Suff, Grose. E. Suss. Kent. 

Forby says the same name is applied to 

those of the polled breed, as well as to 

those having horns, in Stff. Norf, 

BUDDLED, part, pass. Drowned ; suffo- 
cated ; as if in the buddle-pool, in which 
tin ore is washed. Somerset, 

BUDDLE, s, A noxious weed among corn. 
The chrysanthemum segetum.of Linnaeus. 
Com marygold. Grose, 

To BUDDLE, v. a, [Buydelen, Belg. to sift.] 
To cleanse ore. Craven. 

7b BUDGE, V, n, [Bouge, Fr. swelling.] 
To bulge. Craven. 

BUDGE, s, A cask placed on wheels for the 
purpose of carrying water. E, Suss. 

This word is probably derived from bouge, 
Fr. also ; the word bouge being used to 
signify the swelling or bulging part of a 
cask* In heraldry a water-bucket is 
called a bouget. 

BUDGE, adj. Brisk; jocund; according to 
Grose, who gives no county. In Sussex 
and Hampshire it means stiff; dull ; and 
so Penning gives it, but gives no etymo- 
logy. In this latter sense may it not come 
from bouge Fr. a stiff formal person puff- 
ing and swelling himself out to look im- 
portant ? 

BUER, s. A gnat. Not thumb. 

BUFFET,*. A stool. Craven. 

BUFFET-STOOL,*. A four-legged stool, 
set on a frame like a table. Mr. Forby 
thinks it owes its name to its serving the 
poor-man for table, sideboard, and stool. 

Norf. lAneoln. 

BUFFER, s, [Bouffon. Fr. a fool.] Buffoon. 

Norf 

BUFF, s, A bough of a tree ; pronounced 
buff, as in East Sussex a trough is called a 
Uoff. North, 

To BUFFLE, v, a. To handle any thing 
clumsily; to speak thick and inarticu- 
lately. Norf, Suff, 



BUL. 



BUM. 



21 



BUFFLG-HEADED, adj. Stupid ; con- 
fused. Sussex. 
To BUG, To bend. Kent. Probably from 
bouge, Fr. a bulging out, and to bulge is 
to bend. 
BULDER1NG, adj. [Weather.] Hot ; sul- 
try. Somerset. 
To BULK, V. n. [Bulche, Belg. the breast.] 
To throb; the breast heaves or throbs 
from breathing. Norf. St^f. 
BULKING,*. [From the verb.] A throb- 
bing in the flesh. Norf, St^f. 
BULKAR, s. [Bielcke. Belg.] A beam. 

Lincoln. 
To BULGE, V. a. [Booge, Fr.] An inden- 
tation. Somerset. 
BULL-HEAD, s. The fish ; miller's thumb. 

North. 
BULLS FOREHEADi s. The turfy air grass. 
Aira coespotosa. North. 

BULL'S-PINK, The bird chaffinch. North. 
BULLACE, s. I A kind of wild plum.£:. Suss. 
BULLiNS, s. ) Ditto. Somerset. 

BULL-FIEST, s. [Bull and feist; flatus 
veutus ] The puif-ball. 
Lycoperdon bovista. Linn. Norf. 

BULLS and COWS, pl.n. The flowers of the 
arum maculatum. Craven. Called there 
also lords and ladies, as well in Hamp^ 
shire afkl SusseXm 
To BULLOCK, p. n. To bully. Norf Suff. 
BULLOKIN, adj. Imperious. Craven. 

To BULLY«RAG, v. a. To rally contemp- 
tuously. Craven. 
These three words come from bull, the 
pope's bull, which was full ^of loud 
threats. 
To BULLOCK, v. n.. [From bull.] To bel- 
low or lament vociferously, as a bull does* 
To make a great noise. E. Suss. Norf Suff, 
BULL'S- NOON, s. Midnight ; a bull fre- 
quently breaking forth at that hour in 
search of adventures, as though it were 
mid-day instead of mid-night. So says 
Mr. Forby in Suff, Norf. 
BULLEN, «. [Perhaps it should be pullen]. 
Hempstalks pilled or stripped. Noi^. 
BULLY-MUNG, s. Oats, peas, and tares 
mixed. Essex, Norf. Suff. 
Forby gives the derivation from Skinner, 
thus, Bilig.|Ang..8ax. ater, and mengean, 
miscere. 
BULLOCK, s. A heifer. Berks. 
BULf^, s. The stems of hedge-thorns, being 
rough and hard like a bull's head. Grose, 
BULL-SEGG, «. A gelded bull. North. 
BULL-STAG, s. Ditto. South. 
The word stag is applied to other gelded 
animals, as boat-stag, ram-stag in the 
south. 
BULL.STANG, s. The dragon fly. Cumb, 
To BULLER, v. n. [Bouleverser, Fr. to 
overturn.] To increase in bulk, as a 
sDow ball does by rolling over and over. 

Norf. 81/^. 
To BUMBASTE «• a. [Bomme, Belg. pos- 



terior ; and to baste to beat.] To beat, 
particularly as boys are corrected at 
school. Norf. Suff. 

BUMBY, s. A quagmire from stagnant wa- 
ter, dang,&c., such as is often seen in a 
farm.yard. Grose. The reservoir of a 
privy, whence Mr. Forby very fairly sup- 
poses its origin. Grose. 
BUMBLE-BEE, s. [Bommen, Teut. to 
sound.]The insect commonly called the 
humble-bee. Grose. To **' boom," as 
a bittern probably comes from **bom* 
men*' also. 
BUM BEL or BUMMEL-KITE, s. A bram- 
ble or blackberry. York. Cumb. Hants, 
" Bramble-kates," Grosci thinks. Bram- 
ble and kricken, Belg. suggests the author 
of the Craven Dialect. 
To BUMBLE, v, a. To mufSe, as '* the 
bells are bumbled." Norf St^. 
BUMBLES, s. Coverings for the eyes of a 
horse, obstructing his vision more com- 
pletely than blinkers. Norf. Suff, 
BUMBLE-FOOTED, adj. Having a thick 
lumpish foot, whicU moves as though it 
had no articulations. Norf, Suff, 
May not these three words be corruptions 
of bundle ? Bundle clearly means some- 
thing bound up ; bells when mufSed or 
bumbled are bound up. Bumbles are 
coverings bound over the horse's eyes ; 
and a foot that is bumbled, is bundled or 
bound up tight, so that the joints can 
not move. 
BUN, BUNNEL, s, A dried bemp-stalk ; a 
kex or dry hollow stalk of the hemlock. 

Cumb, 
BUNNY, $, A wooden or brick drain laid 
under a road or a gateway to carry off the 
water. Hants, 

I know of no etymology for these words, 
but I think a bunny, being very much 
like a bun or bunnel, a hollow hemlock 
stalk, has the same derivation whatever 
it may be. Bunnel is certainly very near 
to tunnel, which is a common term for 
an underground drain; but I will not 
pretend to say this is the origin of the 
words. 
BUNNEY, s. A swelling from a blow. Norf. 
Suff, Forby thinks it may be a diminutive 
of « bump." 
BUMP,s. [Bomps, Isl. a blow.] A small 
round swelling from a blow. Norf, 

Suff. Craven. Suss. Hants. 
BUMPY, adj. [From bump.] Uneven ; ap- 
plied to ground having small inequalities 
on its surface. Hants, 

To BUMP, V. n. To bump a boy is for two 
other boys to take him by one leg and 
one arm each, and strike his posteriors 
against a post or another boy's posteriors. 
Norf. S^f, W, Suss. To ride without 
rising in the stirrups on a rough, trotting 
horse. Hants, 



22 



BUN. 



BUR. 



BUMPTIOUS, adj. [Bump, a swelling.] 
Apt to take anintended affroota ; petu- 
lantly and arro;>^antly. Norf, Suff. 
To BUMBLE-OFF, v. n. To aet off in a 

hurry. 
7b BUNDLE-OFF, v. a. To aend anyone 
away in a great hurry, or in a pet. E.Su9g, 
BUNGEE, 8, Anyj thing thick and aquat. 

Somerset. 

Perhapa from bung, which is flat. 

To BUNGER, V. n. [Bourgonner, Fr.] To 

do any thing awkwardly ; to bungle. 8om. 

BUNKS, «. The wild succory. (Cichoreum 

intybus.] Norf. Suff. 

BUNT,«. 1 Bolting cloth. Somertet. 

SThe material of which ship's 

BUNTING, 8, 3 flags are made. South, 

BUNT, «. A bolting mill. Somerset. 

TbBUNTfS. To separate flour from the 

bran. Somerset. 

To BUNKER, v. a, [To leap a hedge or 

ditch ; as can you bunker that hedge ? 

E. Sussex, 
Query. Is this from bon coeur, Fr. Have 
you a heart good eaough to leap that 
fence ? 
BUM-BOAT, $. A boat attending ships on 
the coming into harbour, to retail greens, 
drams, &c., commonly superintended by 
women, who are hence called bum-boat- 
ers. Hants. Portsmouth* 
To BUNG YOUR EYE. To drink until a 
person is so drunk that he canU see, 
when his eyes may be said to be 
bunged up or stopped as a cask is with a 
bung. Hants, Suss. 
BUNDS, BUND-WEED, s. Different spe- 
cies of wild centanree, particularly nigra, 
which much infests grass lands. 
Forby makes it come from bum< weed, from 
the roundness and plumpness of its seeds. 
la Sussex we have bindweed for convol- 
vulus, from its entwining or binding 
itself round whatever is near it. May 
not Bund be a corruption of Bound ? 
BUNDLE, «• An opprobious term applied 
to females, being tantamount to baggage, 
which perhaps, as Forby says, means a 
follower of the camp, one who rides on 
the baggage-wagon, as the baggage does ? 

Norf. Suff. 

BUNG-TAIL, s. A horse that has had his 

tail docked so short that no more of the 

stump is left than is of the size of a 

bung. Norf, Suff. 

BUNTY, adj. Miserably mean and shabby. 

Norf, 
From hunter, a low woman i a banter, ac- 
cording to Penning, being one who 
lives by picking up rags in the streets. 
To BUNCH or PUNCH, v. a. To kick.,Crao. 

(Poitt^n Ft.. -». 

BUNCH-BERRIES, s. The fruit of 
rubus saxatilis, stone bramble, so called 
"because it grows in bunches. Craven. 

BURGOT, orBEERGOOD, s. [See bar- 
good.] Yeast. 



BURDEN-BAND, s. a hay-band, being made 
to bind a burden or truss, about as much 
as a man can carry. North. 

BUR, s. A piece of wood or atone put un- 
der a wheel to stop its progress. Craven. 
Should it be bar? 

BUR-TREE, s. [ Bore-tree, being hollow as 
though bored.] The elder-tree. Craven^ 

BURCOT, s. A load. Somerset. 

BURG, s. [Berg. Sax. a hill.] A hillock ; 
a rising ground. South Downs, Suss. 

BURN, (Scotch.] s, A brook ; a small stream 
of water. North. 

To BURNISH, v.n. To grow fat ; to look 
jolly or rosy. Somerset. When an ani- 
mal grows fiat its coat looks sleek, as 
though it were burnished or polished, and 
is said to burnish in E, Sussex. 

BURR,«. The sweetbread. . Dertnf* 

From Bourre, Fr. down; the sweetbread 
being remarkably soft. 

BURTLE, s. A sweeting. Northumb. Grose. 

BURBLES, s. plu. Small tingling pimples, 
such as are caused by the sting of nettles, 
or of some minute insects. Norf. 

BURR, s, A mistiness over and around the 
moon. Norf, Suff. 

In Sussex and Hants, a dimmed circle or 
halo around the moon. 

BURR, s. [From its shape resembling the 
burr, the blossom of the burr-dock.] The 
blossom of the hop. E. Sussex, Kent* 

BURK, s, [Birc. Sax.] The birch-tree. 

NoHh. 

BUR-THISTLE, s. Carduui lanceolatus; 
spear thistle. North. 

To BURTHEN, v, a. To charge closely, as 
" 1 burthened him with it as strong as I 
could, but he would not confess." Norf, 

Suff. 

To BUS, V. a. To 'dress. North. May it 
be to emboss or ornament. 

BUSS, s. A half-grown calf. Somerset. 

To BUSH, V. a. [Emboscare, Ital.] 
To inclose or sheathe ; applied to the iron 
of the nave of a carriage wheel. Craven. 

To BUSH, 9. n. To retreat ; to fly back 
from a wager or bargain, as though getting 
into or behind a bush for shelter. E. Suss 

BUSH-DRAINING, s. Under draining, so 
called because done with bushes. Qrose, 

BUSK,s. [Bosco, Ital.] A bush. York. 

BUSK, s, A piece of steel or wood worn in 
the front of a woman's [.stays. " Busc " 
Ft. A common 'word, though given in 
many Provincial Dictionaries. 

BUSSOCK, s. [Bosse, Fr. a boss a thick 
body.] A thick lat person. fVarwick. 

BUSKING, joarf. act. Women running against 
each others* busks by way of provocation 
are said to be " busking" in Somerset. 

To BUSK, V. a. Fowls, pheasantsjand part- 
ridges are said to be busking themselves 
when scratching and wallowing in the 
dust, Norf. Suff. 

I prefer the derivation from^ " bus,** to 



BUT. 



CAA. 



23 



dress ^which see) to bask, of which 

Forby thinks it a corruption. 

BUT, «. A comical and peculiar kind of 

basket or trap, used in lar^ numbers for 

catching^ salmon in the nver Parret in 

SomeiseUfure. Butte, Sax. cask. 

To BUT, V. n. [Bout, Fr. boundary.] To 

border upon. Craven, JSasi States, 

BUTTS AND BOUNDS, s. jol. The borders 

of a person's estate. &\ Sussex. 

To BUTCH, r. a. [Butcher.] To do the bu. 

siness of a butcher. Craven, 

BUTTER-FINGERCD, adj. Apt to let 

things fall, as though the fing^ers were 

greasy. Stusex, Hants, 

BUTTER-TEETH, s. plu. Broad and yellow 

teeth. Norf, Suff. Sussex, Hants, 

BUTTER-BUMP or BOTTLE, s. J A bittern 

BUTTLE BOTTLE-BU MP, { Sff, Norf, 

BUTTER. J AGS, s. The flowers of the tri- 

folium siliqufi cornutS. Grose, 

BUTTER-CUPS, ». [From the colour.] The 

common ranunculus of the meadows. 

Swa, Hants, 
BUTTER-SHAG> s. A slice of bread and 
butter. Cumb, 

BUTTER-LEAVES, ». The leaves of the 
atriples hortensis, used in Gloucestershire 
for laying under butter going to market. 
BUTT-FULL, s, A term for a fat person, 
as ** how fat you )3T0w, Sir, you will soon 
be as large as a butt full," tantamount to 
the old saying, you are as big as a Dor- 
chester butt. 

A small low cart. Devonshire. 

BUTTON, s. Sheep's dung, when in small 

round hard knobs, like little buttons. 

South, West, 
Sometimes used for dung, in general ac- 
cording to Grose in the West. 
BUTTY, s. A partner in any business or 
work. North, fVarwiek, 

ProlMibly from abouter, Fr. to prop; to 
support ; a partner being a support. 
BUTTON, ». A very small cake ; '* a ginger- 
bread button." Norf, Sujf, 
BUYER, s. The common gnat. North, 
From buver, Fr. to drink ; gnats living by 
drinking blood. 
ToBVZ, v,(u [Buyssen, Beig* to drink.] 
To empty a bottle is to buz it. Hants, 

Suss, 

To BUZ, V, a, [Bus, Welch, the lip.] To 

kiss. York, 

BUZ,s. A kiss. York, 

BUSS, $, A kiss. Susses. Hants, 

BUZZARD, s, A coward. Craven, 

Perhaps from boast, bullies and cowards 

being frequently great boasters. 

BY-FAR, adv. Much. Craven, 

BYSTE,;s. [Bye, Sax. a dwelling. Byan, 

Sax. to dwell, and by and stead a by-stead 

or by-bead.] A temporary bed used by 

hopHiJriers and maltsters to rest on in the 

night, and at other times when tending 

their fires. E, Smsev, 



C. 

CAAS, s, [Caisse, Fr. box or trunk.] A 
cupboard or shelves for glasses. Craven, 

York, 
CA, V. a. To call ; to drive Grose, 

CAB, s, [Cabinet.] A small number of per- 
sons secretly united in the performance of 
some undertakinfif. E, Suss, 

CADDO W, s, A jackdaw. Norf, Suff, 

The following etymologies have been pro- 
posed, though none seem quite satisfac- 
tory ; viz : caw-daw, from its voice ; 
cade-daw, from cade, to breed up ten- 
derly, in a tame state. Ka, Low Scotch, 
cornii. Norf, Suff, 

To CADDLE,o. a. To attend officiously. 

North. 
Penning has ''to cade," to breed op ten- 
derly, and also " to codle,'* to parboil or 
soften with water, from coctolo, Lat. a 
diminutive of coquo. In Hampshire 
they have to ** coddle," to parboil, as 
"coddled apples;" it signifies likewise 
to treat a child or animal tenderly ; now 
these words all seem to ask one common 
derivation, which I agree with Penning 
should be coctolo. 
CADDY, 9. A ghost or bugbear. North, 

CADE* LAMB, $, A domesticated lamb. 

York, 

Cadeler, Fr. to breed tenderly, according to 

Skinner. 

To CADGE, r. a. To carry. Northumb, 

To cadge the heUj is to stuff the belly , 

to bind or tie a thing* Lancas, 

CADGER, $ A carrier or loader to a mill. 

Northumb* 

A higgler. Fennmg, 

Cadgers and pikers are tramps. E, Suss. 

CADGED, part, pass. Filled. [ Ang.* Sax.] 

Craven, 

The author of the Craven Dialect gives 

cadged above, Ang. Sax., meaning filled ; 

if he is right here we have the root of 

" cadger," and " to cadge." 

CADMA, s. [Cade.] The least pig of the 

litter j hence a tender one. South, 

CAFF,«. [Kaff,Belg.] Chaff. Craven. 

To CAPFLE or CAFT, v, n. [Corruption 

of cavil] To cavil or ran off from a 

bargain. Craven, 

CADLING, part, ad. Coaxing; foolishly 

particular. fVairwiek, 

CAG-MA6S, $, Old geese, which having 

been plucked many times, are sent up to 

the London market for the cocknies. 

Idneofnshire. 
A small inferior breed of sheep, such as are 
fed on poor, heathy, barren commons. 

Hants, 

To BAIL, V. To throw weakly, and wide of 

the mark ; as a woman throws a stone 



24 



CAL. 



CAM. 



circling and not in a straight forward 
direction. 
To move with a wavering and irregular 

gait. 
To gambol and throw out the heels like a 
skittish colt. iVor/. Suff, Probably this 
is a corruption of " coil." To coil is to 
wind ; a coil is the opposite of any 
thing straight. To coil implies wavering 
^nd irregularity. 
CAINGEL, 8, A crabbed fellow. North. 
To CAKE, V, n. [Kaeckeleni^Bel.] To cackle 
as geese ; geese are said to cake, hens to 
cackle. North, 

CAKE-CREEL, «. [Cake and creel.] A 
rack at the top of a kitchen, to dry oat- 
cakes. North, 
CALIMANCO-CAT, «. [Calimanco, a glossy 
stuff.] A tortoise-shell cat. Norf. 
CAKER ED, part. pass. [ Perhaps from cake, 
to harden.] Bound with iron, like clog 
shoes. North. 
CALASSES, s, Almes'houses. Grose, who 
refers to the Gentleman's Magazine, May, 
1784. 
CALE, 8. A turn j as 'it is his cale to go. 

JDcrbii C^iiwrv call 
CALF-STAGES, s! Places for holding calves. 

Gloucester. 

CALFLICK, 8. [Caul and flick.] Hair 

which does not lie in the same direction 

as the other. Craven. 

CALLETIN, adj. [Perhaps from call.] Pert; 

saucy ; gossipping. York. 

CALL, 8. Occasion ; obligation ; necessity ; 

as be had no call to do it. Derby. 

Sussex. Hants, Norf* Suffolk. 

The meaning is he was [not called to do 

such a thing ; it was a voluntary act of 

his own. 

CALL A R, a4/* [Koelen. Belg. to cool.] 

Fresh ; cool. North. 

CALLE, «. [Caleche, Fr. Calash.] A cloak. 

Bailey. 
ToCALLET, « a. [To call, call names.] 
To scold. Northumb. 

CALLOT, 8, A drab. Craven. 

CALLOW, 9. The stratum of vegetable 
earth lying above gravel, sand, &c., which 
must be removed in order to reach them. 
The process is called uncallowing. Norf, 
Caler, Ang. Sax. Calvus, Lat.a scalp. 
CALLY VAN, «. A pyramidal trap for catch- 
ing birds. Somerset, Is this a call-trap ? 
CALLIERD, 8, [Callus, Lat. hardness.] A 
hard stone. North, 

CALLING,*. Giving notice by the public 
crier. Northumb. 

CAM, 8, Any long mound of made earth. 
North, la it not from came, as it is not a 
natural mound, but it came or was brought 
to the spot ? 
CAMBER, «• A harbour. At Portsmouth 
there is "a part of the harbour called the 
Camber. Winchilsea Castle builded to 
protect Rye harbour, ia called Camber 
Castle. [Camera, LaU a chamber.] 



CALM, 8. [Rising when the liquor is still 
or calm.] The concreted akum of bottled 
liquors. Norf. Suff, 

CALMY, adj. Mothery. Norf. Suff. So 
called because when the scum is formed 
completely, the liquor, is in a quiescent or 
calm state. 
CAM BUCK, 8. The dry stalks of dead plants, 
as of hemlock and other unbelliferous 
ones. Cammoc, Anglo. Sax. peucedanum, 
hemlock. 
CAMMEREL,f«. [Cambre, Fr. crooked.] 
A horse's hock. Craven. 

CAMP, 8, [Campian, Ang. Sax. praelian, to 
fight, to contend.] An ancient athletic 
game at ball, formerly much played in 
Norfolk and Suffolk. 
7\>|CAMP, V. n. To play at the above game. 
CAMPING-LAND, s. A piece of ground 
set apart for the exercise of camping, or 
playing the game of camp, for the full 
and satisfactory description of which the 
reader must consult Forby*s East Anglia. 
CAMPING-BALL, s. A ball* particularly 

adapted to the sport of camping. 
To CAMPLE, V, [Camp, Ang. Sax. to con- 
tend.] To talk ; to contend. Craven, 
To CAMPO, or CAMBLC^ v, n. To prate 
saucily. Norths 

To CAMP, or CANK, v. n. To talk of any 
thing. North. 

CAMP ABLE, adj.\ [Corruption of capable.] 
Able to do. ' North, 

CAMPERKNOWS, s. Ale-pottage, made 
with sugar, spices, &c. Grose. 

CAN, «. A milk-pail. Craven, 

CANED-LIQUOR, a<</. [Canus, Lat. white 
kaen, Belg.] Liquor in which is a white 
filament ,* mothery. Craven. 

CANACIN, 8. The plague. Bayley, 

CANK, ad)'. Dumb. Craven, 

CANKERED, adj. Cross i peevish. Craven. 
A canker implies something that is destruc- 
tive ; a tree that is gnarled and stunted 
in its growth is said to be cankered in 
Hampshire ; a dumb man is checked in 
his speech ; a peevish man is cross- 
grained, as a cankered tree is. 
CANKER, 8, A poisonous fungus, resem- 
bling a mushroom. Ghuc, Rust, North 
The dog-rose. Devon, 

CANKERS, 8. Caterpillars. Grose. 

CANKER. WEED, s. Rag-wort. Grose. 

Senecio jacobcea, Linn, tennifolius et 
sylvaticus. 
CAN KING, ojy. [Query. Cantus, Lat.] 
Whining; dissatisfied. Derby* Gossip- 
ping. Warwick. 
CANDLE-TEEMING, s. Candle lighting. 

fFest, 
V To teen and doubt the candle; to light and 
put out (he candle. This is clearly de- 
rived thus, ''teen** is to in ; '* doubt" is 
to do out. 
To CANIFFLE, or CANIFFLEE, v. To 
dissemble; to flatter. [Kaen, Belg. to 
whiten.J 



CAN. 



CAP. 



25 



CANCHyf. [Kante, Teat. tLUguiua, Lat. a 
corner.] A small quantity of com in the 
straw, put into a corner of the bam^ or an 
out-boose. 
A abort torn or spell at any work. A trench 
cot sloping to a very narrow bottonii or 
an angle. Norf, Suff. 

CANKERFRETT. s. [Canker and fretan, 
Sax. to devour.] Verdigris ; the rust of 
copper or brass. Norf Suff, 

CANNY, adj, Nice, neat; housewifely; 
handsome; pretty. York, Northumb, 

[Canus, Lat. white ^ fair, Kaen^ Belg. to 
whiten.] 
CANSEY, «. ) A caoseway. Norf, Suff, 
CAUNSEY I 

CANNA.WINNA-MUNNA-SHANNA, v 
Cannot; will not; must not; shall-not. 

Shropshire. 

CANNY, adj. [Scotch.] Comfortable; in 

high and joyous spirits. Northumb. 

CANT, 8, A comer of a field. Kent, 

A small parcel of hay. Hanfs, 

An auction sale. North, 

A jerk ; and irregular cast. 

Norf S^f. 
CANTING, part, act. Splaying off an angle. 

York. 
To CANT-UP, V, a. To throw up one end 
of a piece of wood, by pressing down on 
the other. Hants, 

To throw ; as he was canted out of the 
chaise, thrown out suddenly by an unex- 
pected jerk. Kent, 
To set up on edge. Norf, Suff, 
To throw upwards with a jerk. Ditto. 
To take off the edge or corner. Craven, 
CANT-RAIL, 8, A triangular rail, of which 
two are cut from a square piece of timber 
sawn diagonally. Norf, Suff. 
All these words have evidently one com- 
mon origin ; viz : kant, Dutch, kante, 
Teut. an angle or corner ; canton, Fr. a 
corner. 
To CANT, V, n. To recover or mend. Nth. 
CMAT, a4f. Strong; lusty. Cheshire. Lively, 

York, 

CANTY, adj. Cheerful ; talkative. North. 

These three words are probably from the 

same root as " canny," which see. 

CANTING, part, act. Flattering. York. 

CANTRAP, 8, A magic spell. NoHh. 

These two I derive from cantus, Lat. a 

whinin|^ tone of voice, generally used 

to deceive. 

TbCAPPIL, V. a. [Cappe. Teut. a summit.] 

To mend or top shoes. Craven, 

To CAP, V. a. [Cappe, Teut.] To puzzle ; 

to excel. Craven. 

To challenge ; to overcome. Norf. Suff. 

CAP, 8. [Cappe, Teut.] A challen^ to 

competition ; also a victory, which is the 

the strictly proper sense. Norf. Suff, 

CAPS, 8. All sorts of fungi ; as toad's cap. 

Notf, Suff, Toad's stool. Hants, Suss. 

CAPER-PLANT, s. A common garden 

plant, euphorbia lathyris, so called from 



the supposed resemblance of its capsules 
to those of capers. Norf. Suff, 

CAP, or COB, 8, [Cappe, Teut. cop, Sax. 
top.] Head; chief; master. Cmnb, 

CAPES, 8, [Cappe, Teut.] Ears of corn 
broken off in thrashing. North, 

CAPO, 8. A woiking horse. Cheshire, 

CAPPERED, part, Usuallv applied to 
cream, wrinkled on the surface by stand- 
ing in a brisk current of air ; sometimes 
to the surface of land suddenly dried after 
rain. Noif, S^f, Forby is at a loss to 
find a derivation for this word; in the 
latter sense, at all events, cappe, Teut. a 
cap, applies very well ; the land being 
capped with a hard scale by the sudden 
drying of it. 
CAPITABLE, flj;. Capital. fTarufiek. 

CAR, 8, A wood or grove on a moist soil, 
generally of alders. Norf. Suff, 

CARRE, «. A marsh. ' Craven, 

CAR-WATER, « Red or Chalybeate wa- 
ter, issuing from a bog. Craven. 
CARRE, 8, A hollow place in which water 
stands. North. 
These four words are from kaer, Goth, a 
bog. 
CARBERRY, s, A gooseberry. North, 
CAR-HAND, 8. The left hand. Ditto. 
CARKING, ad[;. Anxious; careful. DiUoi 
CARLE, 8. [Carl, Brit, a clown.] A clown- 
ish fellow. York. North, 
CARLE, 8, [Karl. Isl. an old mah.] An old 
man ; also a he-cat ; a male. North. 
CARLE-HEMP, «. That hemp which bears 
the seed. Qrose. 

^The second Sunday 
CARLING-DAY, s. * preceding Easter, 

>wben parched peas 
CARLINGSUNDAY. (are served up at most 

J tables in Northumb. 

CART-RAKE, s, [Cart and rake.] The 

track of a cart or wagon wheel. Essex, 

CARRIAGE, 8, A drain. fVUts. 

CAR-SICK, 8, [Car and sick, Ang. Sax. a 

furrow.] The kennel, Grose thinks it 

may be cait-gutter. 

CASUALTY, 8. The flesh of an animal that 

dies by chance. Norf, SuU^. 

To CARVE, KARVE, or KERVE, v. n. To 

carve is to cut, sour things cut. To grow 

sour, spoken of cream, to curdle. Chesh. 

CARNATION-GRASS, *. Aira coespitosa. 

Gloue, 

To CASCADE, v, n. To vomit. Hants, 

CASINGS, or CASSONS, s, [Query, Cast- 

ings.] Cow-dung dried for fuel. iVor/Attm6. 

CAST, 8, Produce, applied to crops of com. 

Grose. Norf. St/^, 
CASK, part. Warped ; thrown on one side 
as it were from a straight line. Norf, 

CASTEN, part. I Cast off, as casten cloaihes. 
CASSEN, S Craven. 

To CAT, TO SHOOT THE CAT, v. To 
vomit, particularly from too much drink- 
ing. Hante, 
CAT-HAMMED, adj. Awkward. Pf^eH. 
Applied to a horse when he drops suddenly 

D. 



86 



CAT 



CAV. 



befaind in shape, as a catfs bauiiclie^do. 

JSiCft. Banit, 
CATy«. [Cite, a cake.] A hmm of coane 
meal, clay and lonie other ingredients, with 
a large proportion of salt, placed in dove- 
cotes to entice pigeons, commonly 
^called a salt-cat. Norf. Siif. Hants, Sun. 
CAT-WHIN, #. Rosa spinosissima, Burnet 
rose. North- 

CAT, TO WHIP THE CAT. This is a 
trick played on a person in the following 
manner, tiz. : a bet is laid that one man 
shall tie a eat to another, and by whip- 
1 ping it shall make it draw him throogh a 
pond of water, or across a stream ; the 
man who is foolish enough to accept the 
bet, has a rope tied round his waist, amd 
the other end is taken to the opposite 
side of the pond or stream to that on 
' which he stands, and to this end is tied 
' the cat, which is then whipped to make it 
draw the man through the water, which, 
of course, not being able to do, it is as- 
si«ted by men on the same side with the 
r cat, and thus the poor simpleton is drag- 
ged through the water, to the infinite 
amusement of all the bystanders. Hants, 
CATCH-LAND,!. Land, the owner of the 
tithe of which was unknown, and the 
I minister who first gets them, has them for 
that year. Norf» 

CATCH-CORNER, s. A game correctly 
designated by its title, Somerset* Jewnings. 
CATCH-ROGUE, s. A constable $ one 
whose oflice it is to apprehend offenders. 



Norf. 
liliC 



Porby suggests Cacherau, N. Fr. a baili 
CATER, cM/. [Quatre, Fr. four.] Intimate 

friends or relatives, within the first four 

degrees of kinship. Craten. 

CATER-CRASS, prep. Across; as "you 

must go eater-crass dat dar fil," that is 

*' you must go across that field.'* Kent, 
To CATER, V. a. To cut a piece of wood 

or cloth cornerwise, or at angles. Hants. 

Swssex. 
CATMALLISONS, s. The cupboards round 

the chimnies in the North, where they 

preserve their dried beef and provisions. 

CAT'S- FOOT, s. Ground ivy. Northumb. 

CAT'8-TAIL, «. Hipparis vulgaris. Linn. 

Mare's teil. Norf. Suff. 

CAT'S TAILS, PUSSY-CATS, *. Catkins, 

the male blossoms of hazel or willow. 

Suss. Hants, 
CATERPILLAR, s. The cockchafer. Sca- 

raboQus melolontha. Somerset, 

To CATTER, v. n, [To thrive in the world; 

from cater, to provide. [Kater, Belg. rich 

dishes.] North, 

CAT WITH TWO TAILS, s. An earwig. JVif. 
CAUCHERY, «. A medicinal composition 

or slop. Orose, 

CAUK, s. [Calc. Brit, chalk.] Calcareous 

earth in general ; any aort of limestone. 

Norf.S^f. 



To CA.y E, e« a. To rake off, or out of ; as 
short strewn and ears from the com in 
chaff on a barn's fioor. Norf, North. 

Hants. Smsex.^ 

CAVING, t. The short straws and ears so 
raked off. 

CAVING-RAKE, s. A wooden rake, with 
short head and Jong teeth, used for the 
above purpose. 

To CAVE, V. n. To fall into a ho1k>w be- 
low. If a stratum of gravel, &e., has been 
incautiously excavated, it is said to *' cave 
in." Norf Suff, [Cave, Fr. a cavity.] 

CAV ELS, 8, [Lots ; casting cavels is casting 
lots. Northumb. Is this from cavil, a 
doubt ; an objection. A lot is doubtful 
while casting? 

CAWBABY, s. An awkward timid boy. 

Deron. 

CAWRINS,«. The hind part of a horse's 
shoe turned up. Craven. [Kaucken, 
Teut] 

CAWSIE-TAIL, s. A dunce. North. 

CEILING, 8. [CcbIo. Lat. to emboss.] 
wainscot. Craven. 

C£SS,s. [Assesser, Fr. to regulate.] A 

layer, or stratum. Norf. Suff. 

A tez, as the poor-cess, &c. E. Suss, 

i[Sedes, Lat. a seat.] A 
hole to receive the sedi- 
ment deposited hj thick 
muddy water running into 
it. Hants, Suss. 

CHADS, s. pi, [Schadde, Teut. gleba, Lat. 
a clod.] Dry husky fragments among 
food. In Low Scoteh ; gravelly stones in 
rivers. Norf, 

CHADDY, a^\ Full of chads ; as the bread 
is c baddy, that is^ gritty. Norf. Suff. 

To CHAFP^ V, a. [Chafe, to make angry.] 
To teaze a person till he becomes angry ; 
to remind one of anything frequently, 
til] he is out of temper. E. Suss, 

CHAFER, s. A brown insect of the beetle 
species, which, appearing in May, is 
called in East Sussex and Kent a May- 
bug, while the green ones which come m 
June, are called June-bugs. In West 
Sussex and Hampshire, these latter are 
called golden-chafers. 

CHAFF-BONE, s. Thejaw-bone, alias chaw- 
bone. Craven, Chaff-chaffs; chew-chaw- 
Jaw are clearly of one common origin. 

CHAITY, adj. [Chary, cara. Sax. care-] 
Careful ; nice ; delicate. Somerset, 

CHAITS,!. [See chads.] Fragmento or 
leavings on plates, or of the food of ani- 
mals, as turnip chaits ; crumbs of bread 
are called " chits.'' Norf Sfi^. 

To CHALDER, e. n. To enimble and fall 
away, as the surface of chalk, &c. 

To CHAM, e. a. [Champayer, Fr. to bite 

firequently.] To chew. Somerset. Hants, 

i West, Sus ex. 

To CHALM, V. sb [See cham.] To chew 
or nibble. 



CHA. 



CHE. 



27 



To CHAMBLE, 9. a. [Se« cham.] into Bmall 
pieces. Books or papers are often said 
to be cbalmed by mice* Norf. 8uff, 

CHAMBLINGS, #. [See cham.] Husks of 
com or other very small scraps of ^what 
has been gnawed by vermin. Norf, 

CHAMER^s. [Camera, LatJ A chamber. 

SomerteU 
CHAM, I am. Somenei. Grose, 

[Ich. Belg. I and am. Sax.] 

CHAM, Oil/. Awry. North. 

CHAMP^oef/. [Cbampayer, Fr. To grind 

anything hard between the teeth] hard ; 

firm. E. Suuejo. 

CHAMP, t. A scuffle.) Somerset. Grose. 

Is it from cbampayer, Fr. to bite or champ, 

Fr. a field ? 

CHAMFER, s. [Champs-faire, Fr.] The 

plain splay in wood or stone. Craven. 

York. 

CHANCE-BORN, $. An illegitimate child. 

Craven. A love-child, or luve-begotten- 

child in Sussex. 

CHANGE, s. \A shift ; a garment worn by 

f females next the skin. Som, 

CHANGES, iSussez. Bants. Shirts and 

/ shifts. Berks. 

To CHANNEST, v. a. To challenge. 

Mxmore. Sotnerset, 
To CHANCE, r. a. To riak ; as <* 1 will 
chance it,*' *' I will risk it." E. Sussex. 
To CHARE, V. a. To stop ; as chare the 
cow ; stop or tarn tha cow. 
To counterfeit; to chare-laaghter. North. 
To separate the chaff from the corn. Bailey, 
CHARGER, «. A platter or large dish. Nth. 
CHARK,«. A crack. DUto, 

CUARN,s. A chum. JHtlo. 

CHARN-CURDLE, s. A chura-staff. JHtlo. 
CHARTERER, s, [Charter, a deed or writ- 
ing.] A freeholder. Cheshire, 
CHARY, im(/. [Cara,care.] Careful; spar- 
ing. North. E, Suss, 
CHATTS, 8. The bunches of pods which 
contain the seeds of the ash, sycamore, 
and maple. York. Norf. S%i^. 
CHATTERED, tNire. pass, [Corruption of 
shattered.] Bruised. Craven. 
CHATTER-WATER, «. Tea. JHUo. 

(People chatter over their tea.) 
CUATTER-PIE, s. A magpie; so called 
from the bird's chattering. Noif, Suff. 
To CHASE and RE-CHASE, v. a. To drive 
sheep at particular times from one pasture 
to another. Dorset. 

CHAT, «• I [Cito, Ital. a young or little 
thing.] A small twig. Derby, North, 
Blackthorn-chatSf the young shoots of 
blackthorn, when they have been cut 
down to the root. Norf, Suf. 

CHATTOC&S, s. Refuse wood, left in mak- 
ing faggots. Gloucestershire. 
CH A VISH, «. A chattering or prattling noise 
of many persons speaking together. 
The noise made by a flock of sparrows, or 
other birds. HaiUs. West Sussex 



To CHA VISH, v.'n. To? make a confiiied. 
chattering noise, as a flock of birds does 

Hants. Sussez, 
CHAVE, 1 have. Devon, [Ich. I. Belg. 

and have.] 
CHAUNDLER, s, [Chandelier, Fr.] A 
candlestick. BaUey, 

CHAUNGEUNG, «. [Changeling.] An 
idiot; so called because supposed for- 
merly to have been changed by fairies. 

Sofnersei. 
TbCHAUF, V. n. To fret, or be uneasy. 

Craven. Yoti. 
CHEARY, adj. [See chary.] Careful; 
sparing ; choice. Notf. Grose. 

To CHECK, V, a. To taunt ; to reproach ; 
as " he checked him of his cousin Tom,^ 
who perhaps had done some bad act for 
which he had been punished. Notf. 

In East Sussex, if one person accuses ano- 
ther, he is ** checked" in his accusation 
by the one whom he accused, by bis 
laying some charge at his door ; and 
hence the meaning of the word. 
CHEE,s. A; hen-roost. The chicken are 
gone to chee, that is to roost. Kent. 

CHECKLING, «. [Chuckling.] The cackling 
of a hen. When spoken .of a man or 
woman, it means scolding. Grose, 

CHEESECAKE-GRASS, s, Lotus cornica- 
latus; bird's foot; trefoil. North. 

CHEBSES, s. The seeds of the common 
mallow, so called from their shape. 

Hants f Sussex^ 
CHEESELIP-BAG, or SKIN, s. The bag in 
which lennett for making cheese is kept. 
BaMey. The calf s bag used in making 
"yearning." Grose, who does not ex- 
plain what yearning is, but I presume the 
meaning is this *< yearning*' implies a 
strong sympathy for anything; a calfs 
rennet has a strong sympathy for, oraffi. 
nity to, the curds of milk, of^which cheese 
is made. North. 

CHEPrS, or CHAFTS, s. [Kappen. Belg. 
to chop.] Chops; as mutton chafts; 
mutton chops. Northumb. 

CHEESE-RACK, s. A rack to dry cheese 
on. Norf' St^. Hants. Bacon rack ; a 
rack to dry bacon on. 
CHELL, I shall. Somerset. Devon, 

(Ich. Belg. 1 and shall.) 
CHEQUERS, «. Services; the fruit of the 

service tree. 
CHEQUER-TREE, s. The service-tree. 

E, Suss. Kent. 

CHERCOCK, s, [Cheer and cock.J The 

misletoe thrash, his first notes being the 

harbinger of spring. Craven. 

CHESSOM, s. In gardening, a mellow earth 

between the two extremes of clay and 

sand. Fennmg. Loam, perhaps soft, 

from cheese, cheesy. 

To CHEURE, V, n. To char ; to go out to 

char. 



28 



CHI. 



CHI. 



T<9 CHEWREE.RING, fViUs. To astUt 

■ervantfy and occasionally to supply their 

places in the most servile work of tlie 

house. West. 

CH£VIN,«. The fish called a chub. York, 

CHlBDER^s. Children. Derby. 

CHICKED, par$. pats. Sprouted, as seed in 

the ground, or corn in the sivnthe. Grose. 

Chick is a not inrrequent term for any 

youngs thing ; a chick is young, so is the 

- sprout of corn ; to chick is to throw out 

a.young shoot. 

CHICK, *• A flaw, as in earthenware. Norf, 

Suf. 

To CHICK, V. II. To crack, chap ; aa the 

skin does in frosty weather. Norf. 8^f, 

CHICKEN'S MEAT, s. The plant, alsine 

media; chick-weed. Norf. Suf . 

The refuse grain, or thin grain of corn, only 

fit for chickens and other poultry. Norf. 

Suff. Hants. Suss. 
^HICK-A-BEEDY, s. A chick. fVest. South. 
CHICKENCHOW, «. A swing. Cra. York. 
To CHIEVE, V. n. [Achieve.] To succeed 
in any undertaking ; literally to achieve 
it. BaUey, 

To CHIG, V. a. To chew. Craxten. North. 
CHILD-AGE, «. Childhood. Norf . Suff. 
CHILDERMAS-DAY, s. [Childe-masse- 
dseg, Ane. Sai.] The anniversary of Holy 
Innocenrs Day. Norf, Suff. 

To CHILL, V. a. To take off the chill from 
beer or any other beverage, by placing it 
near the fire. Norf. ^ff. 

CHIMB, s. [Kimbe, Belg.] The end of 
the staves of a cask, pronounced chime 
or chine in East Sussex. Penning. 

CHIMBLY, ff. A chimney. E. Suss. 

CHIMDY, CHIMBLY, CHIMLEY, Nf Sff. 
CHIMLEY. s. Somerset. 

CHIM PINGS, s. Grits; rough ground oat- 
meal. North. Query, '* champings." 
When a person .has anything gntty in his 
mouth, he is apt to champ or bite quick- 
ly and frequently. 
CHINE, s. I [See Chimb.] Norf. Suff. 

CHI N E-HOOP, s. S Somerset. 

CHINGLE» s. Gravel, free from dirt. Grose. 
In Sussex, the loose gravel by the sea« 
shore, free from dirt, is called shingle. 
May not chingle and shingle both be 
corruptions of jingle, to rattle like mo- 
ney or pieces of metal thrown together ? 
Loose gravel, free from dirt, jingles. 

Norf. Suff. 
CHINGLY, a4f' Abounding in small stones, 
commonly applied to a newly repaired 
road. hforf. Suff. 

Shingly abounding in loose gravel, as the 
beach on the sea-shore. B. Sussex, 

CHINK, s. [Prom the sound it oUers.] A 
chaffinch ; and money is so called like- 
wise from the same cause. Hants. 
CHINK, s. A* sprain on the back or loins, 
seeming to imply a slight separation of 
the vertebra. _ Norf, Suff. 



To CHINK, r. a. To cause such an injury. 

Norf. Suff. 

To cut into minute pieces. Norf. Suff. 

These chinks are from chink, a narrow 

opening by which the contact of the 

parts of a body is dissolved. 

To CHIP, «. a. To break or crack. An egg 

is said to chip, when the young bird 

cracks the shell. North. 

To trip ; as to " chip up the heels ;" or to 

'* chip a fall," as in wrestling. North. 

7b CHIP UP, r. n. To recover gradually 

from a state of weekness. Noff. Suff. 

7b CHIPPER,©, n. To chirp. Norf. Suff. 

I agree with Mr. Forby, that these two 

last words are corruptions of chirrup, 

cheer-up. 

CHIP, «. A chip of the old block is said of 

a son who closely resembles his father ; 

as much as a chip does the block from 

which it is cut. Hants. Suss. 

To CHISSOM, V. n. To bud ; to shoot out. 

Somerset. 
CHISSOM,s. A small shoot; a budding out. 

Somerset. 

CHITTY, CHITTY-PACED, adj. [Chit, 
from citOy Ital. a young thine ] Baby- 
faced. York. Norf.. Stiff. 
CHITTERUNGS, «. [Schyterling. Belg. 
kutteln, Teut. the intestines.] The small 
guts minced and fried. Craven, 
The small guts of hogs only. Hants. Stus. 
CHITTERLING, s. The frill of the shirt. 
Craven. So called probably from their 
resemblance, the edge of some of the 
small guts being frilled as it^were. Sonu 
CHIVY, s. A chace ; as to run and career 
gaily, as boys do in their sports, is to give 
each other a good chivy. Som. Hants. 
Jennings attributes it to an allusion to the 
old Mlad of Chevy Chase. 
CH1Z7LE, or CHIZZELL, ». Bnn.^Kent. 
CHIZZLY, adj. Harsh and dry under the 
teeth. Norf. Suff, 
CHIZZLY, aeU' Hard ; unkindly ; as ap- 
plied to land which will not easily pul- 
verize. Hants. [Kiescle, Teut. gluma, 
husk, LaL] 
CHOAKED, part. poJU. Blown up aa a 
bullock is, by having a piece of turnip 
stuck in his throat. Norf. 
CHOATY, a/di- ^^^i chubby; commonly 
applied to infants. Kent* 
CHOBBINS, s. Unripened grains of com 
not comming out of the husks under the 
flail, but beaten off by it. Choppings, 
says Forby. Noif. Suff. 
CHOBBY, tiij. Abounding in chobbins. 

Norf. Suff. 

T^A.'CHOCK. V. a. To choak. Sussex, 

l9HOCKLiNG,pay^.iu:i. [Chuckl'mg.] Hec 

y toring; scolding. Somerset* 

CHOGS, s. The cuttings of the hop-planu 

when dressed in the spring. East Sussex. 

KefU, 
CHOLICKY, oc^'. Choleric. Norf, Suff. 



CHO. 



CHU. 



29 



7b CHOMP, V, a. [Champ.] To chew; 
also to crush or cut things small North. 

HanU. Suanex, 

CHOOR, s. [Char.] A job; any diny 

household work. Somenti, 

Choor- Chewry-char-charwoman. 

I have seen do etymology giren to this 

word, but venture to offer one ; it is this, 

the French word "jour," a day ; choor 

is not very different in sound to *' jour;'' 

a char-woman is one who is hired by, 

and for the day. 

■\ [See choor.] A wo- 
CHOORER, s. (man who goes out to 

CHOOR-WOMAN, {do any kind of odd 

3 and dirty work. Sott^ 

To CHOORY, 9. To do work of the above 

kind. Somerset • 

In Sussex and Hants they say a woman goes 

out to *' charrin^^." 

To CHOP, V. n. [Keopen, Belg. to buy.] 

To eichange one thing for another. 

North, South* Fenning, 

CHOPSyf. [Chap.] The mouth. A slap 

in the chops is a blow in the mouth. Suss, 

Hants, 
CHOPPER, 8, [Chap.] A cheek of bacon. 

Hants, 
CHOO', ifderj, [Chou. old Fr.] A word 
made use of to drive away pigs. Nf. Suff, 
CHOP-LOGOER-HEAD, s. An intense 
blockhead ; one whose head is thick 
3^ enoueh as it were to bear logs to be 
chopped on it. Norf, Suff, 

CHOUNTING, part, act, [Query chaunt- 
ing.] Quarrelling. Somerset, 

CHOUT, s. [Shout.] A jolly frolic ; a 
rustic merry-making. Norf, Suff, 

CHOVY, s» A small coleopterous insect, 
invading gardens and orchards in hot sum- 
mers; in sandy districts in immense num- 
bers, destroying all the green leaves. 

Norf. S^f, 
CHOULE, «. ^[Guhi, Lat. the throat.] The 
CHOWL Sjaw from jowl. York, The 
3 crop of a bird. Fenning, 

To CHOWSE, V. a. To cheat ; to deceive 
one by false appearances. Suss, Hants. 
CHRISTIAN, s. An appellation used to 
distinguish a rational from an irrational 
being ; a very sagacious horse is said to 
be as clever as a Christian, that is a hu- 
man being. Norf. S^, Hants. Suss, 
CHRISTMAS, s. The holly, which being 
ever green, is used to decorate houses at 
Christmas. Noff* Suff, Hants. Suss, 
CHRISOM-CALF, s. A calf killed before 
it is a month old. Bailey. 
CHVBBY, adj. Surly. Norf , Suff , 
Full; swelling. Som/erset, 
CHUCK! CHUCK, iNO'. [Chou. old Fr.] 
A word commonly used in calling swine. 

Hants. 
CHUCKS, s. Chips of wood. E. Suss. Kent. 
CHUCK-HEADED, ad;/. IThick beaded. 

> Hants. 

CHUCKLE-HEADED 3 Sussex. 



CHUCK, 9. [Cicen, Sax. a chick.] A hen 

York. 

CHUFF, CHUFFY, adj. Fat and ^fleshy, 

particularly in the cheeks. Norf, Stff. 

(Jouffre, Fr. chubbed.) Forby. 

Surly ; ill-tempered. Suss. Hants. 

CHUMP, s. A small thick log of wood. 

Norf. Suff, Hants, Suss. 
CHUMP-END,*. 

To CHUNTER, v. n. [Chaunt ] To com- 
plain; to murmur. (Channer, Scotch. 

Craven. 
CHURCH-LITTEN, *. A church-yard. 

fV. Sussex. 

(Lictun, Sax. a burying ground.) Hants, 

CHURCHWARDEN, s. A cormorant; a 

voracious bird ; churchwardens having 

been supposed formerly to apply the 

parish money to their own pro At. IVest 

Suss, Hants. 

CHURCH-WORK AND PARISH PAY, 

Work badly done and highly paid for ; 

parish work being frequently made a job 

of. Hants. 

CHUN, CHUM, s. A quean; a worthless 

woman. West, 

CHURN-GOTTING, s. A nightly feast after 

the corn is got in. North. 

CHURN-SUPPER, «. May the flnt be a 

corruption of corn got in ! 
CHURCHILLED, flk/y. Hogged. Craven. 
CHURLY, aey. Cheerless, applied to pros- 
pect ; rough, as applied to weather. York. 
CHURCHING, s. The service of the church, 
as " we have churching twice a-day." 

Norf. Suff, Suss. Hants. 

CHURCH-MAN, s. A clergyman, used to 

signify the manner in which he performs 

his office in the church ; as be is a good 

or a bad churchman. Norf. Stiff. Sussex, 

Hants. 

CHURCH.CLERK,s. A parish clerk. Nwf, 

CHUSHEREL. s. A whoremaster ; a de- 
bauched fellow. South. Grose. 

To CIDDLE, or KIDDLE-KITTLE, v. a. To 
tickle. E, Suss, Kent. 

CICELY, s. Chcerophyllum sylvestre. Cow, 
Parsley. North, 

CIRCUMBENDIBUS, *. [Circum. Ut. 
about, and bend.] A circuitous round- 
about way, either of getting to a spot, or 
of telling a story. Hants, 

CLAATH, s. [Clad, Sax.] Cloaths. Craven. 

CLAAS, adj. Close. Craven. 

CLACK, s. [Klack, Belg.] Quick; idle; 
talking. Suss, Hants. 

CLACK-BOX, s. The mouth which con- 
tains a nimble tongue. No^f. Suf, 

CLAD, s. [Clud, Sax. a little hillock.] A 
clod. E. Sussex. 

To CLAD, or CLAT, v, a, [Clud, Sax.] To 
cot off the locks of wool round a sheep's 
tail, which are clotted together with the 
dung of the animal. Kent. E. Suss. 

7b CLAG, V. n. [Cleg, Ang. Sax.] 
To stick, as in a bog. Craven. 

CLAGS, «. Bogs. ^ North, 



30 



CLA. 



CLA. 



CLAQ-LOCKS» «. Loelis of wool matted to- 

^ gether by the natural moisture of the aoi- 

mal, or by wet and dirt. Norf. S^f. 

CLAGQY, adj* Clogged with moisture, as 

roads and foot paths are after moderate 

rain. Narf, S^f. North. 

7(9 CLAIM VP, V, a. Clammy; sticky; 

[Klam, Belg.] 

To paste up a paper, as an advertisment. 

North. 
CLMTY. cuy. [See to clad or clat] Dirty. 

Cumb. 

To CLAKE, V. a. To sciatch. Qrote. 

CLAM, t, [Klemmen, Belg. to climb.] 

A stick laid across a stream of water to 

clamber over. fVeit. 

CLAM,«. [Klam, Belg.] Clamminess. Norf. 

CLAM, f. From clammy-sticking; klem- 

mel, Belg. pine us.] 

A rat, gin. Sun. Hants. 

CLAM, ac^'. Clammy ; adhesive. Cravtn. 

To CLAM, 9.411. [Perhaps from claim ; to 

claim food is to hunger.] To hunger. 

Craven» Norf, &{f. 
To starve. fVarvoiak. 

To CLAM, e. a. To stick together by some 
viscid matter; from cleemian> Ang. Sax. 
to thicken. Noirf. Sujf. 

To CLAME, e. [See to clam.] To daub ; 
as wet soil does the harrows. 
To spread unctuous matter, as salve on a 
plaster; butter and bread, &c. North. 
To CLAMM AS, v. n. [Klemmen, Belg. To 
climb]. To clamber or climb .North. 
CLAMM AS, », [Clamor, Lat. clamour.] A 
great noise. North. 

CLAMMED, or CLEMMED, part. nan. 
Starved. North, 

Choaked up, as a mill is fromlbeing over- 
loaded. Glouc, 
CLAMMERSOME adj\ Clamorous ; gree- 
dy. Craven. 
CLAMPS, «. [Klampe, Belg.] 
Brand-irons, irons for supporting the ends 
• of logs in a wood-fire. Northumb. 
CLAMP, t. A laige quantity of bricks 
burned in the open air, and not in a re- 
gular kiln. Novf. Suss. Kent. Hants. 
[Klump, Teut, a thick lump of anything.] 
CLAMP, A mound of earth lined with 
straw, to keep potatoes in through the 
winter. 
7b CLAMP, V. a. [Klampig, Sweduh.] 

To tread heavily. Crwen. 

To CLUMP, V n. To tread heavily. Hcmts. 

Sussex, 
[From Klurope. Belg. a thick lump.] 
To CLAMPER, v. n. [Klampein, Teat. 
To beat metal.] 

To make a noisy trampling with the feet 
in walking, as men do with nailed shoes, 
or women with iron pattens.*! Norf. Suss. 
CLAMS, s. [Klemmen, Belg.] 

Pincers. Craven. 

CLAPS, s. [A corruption of clasp.] A 
fastening to a door iiom. Hants. Suss, Kt, I 



To CLAPS, v; a. To clasp. Somerset. 

Hants. Suss. Kent. 

CLAP-DISH, «. [In ancient times a box 

with a moveable lid, carried by beggars 

to excite notice by its noise, now used 

ludicrously to signify a great prater, who 

is said to move his tongue like a beggar's 

clap-disb, clack-dish. Norf. Suff. 

TbCLAP, V. a. [To clap hands signifies 

to applaud.] To fondle; to pat. ^O'aven. 

To CLAP-BENNY, v. n. [Klappa, Isl. to 

clap and bceen a prayer.] Infants are 

said to clap- benny, that is to clap their 

hands, their only means of expressing 

prayers. Craven* 

CLAP-CAKE, s. Unleavened rolled oat-cake. 

Craven. 

CLAPPER, s. The tongue, from being 

noisy like the clapper of a bell. Craven. 

Hants. 

CLi\PT, part. pass. Fixed; placed. Craven. 

** Clap it up there ;" '* place it in that 

spot.** Stuff. Hants, 

To CLAPPERCLAW, v. a. To beat or 

paw with the open hand; to scold or 

abuse any one. North. South. 

To CLART, e. a. To spread or smear. Grose. 

CULRTY,adJ. Smeared; sticky. Grose. 

Northumb. 
To CLATE. V. a. To daub. Grose. Craven. 

[Lort, Gotb.kladde, Goth. Sordes.] 

To CLAT, V. a. [Kladde, Goth, filth.] To 

cut the dirty locks of wool from round 

the sheep's tails. E. Suss. Kent. 

CLARET, s. Any sort of foreign red wine. 

Norf. St^. 
To CLAT, V. a. To tell tales. Craven. 

CLATHING, s. [Clad, Sax.] Clothes. Som. 
To CLAUMB, CLOMB, v.^o. To clamber 
in an awkward manner. Nor/. Suff, 

To CLAUNCH, v. n. To walk in a loung- 
ing, indolent manner. Norf. Suff. 
To CLAUT, V. a, [To claw.] To scratch. 

North. 
CLAVY, s. A mantel piece. 

CLAVEL,ff. Somerset. Gloucester, 

CLAVY.ri£CE,ff. The mantel shelf. 
CLAVY-TACK, Jennings think it is so 
called from the keys in former times hav- 
ing been hung in this place ; if so it is 
from clef, Fr. a key. 
7bCLAVVER,e. n. To clamber as chil- 
dren. North. 
CLA VER, CLAVVER, s. [Klaver, Dutch.] 
Clover. North. 
CLAY-SALVE, s. Common cerate, from its 
colour. Norf. Suff 
CLAY-STONE, s. A blue and white lime- 
atone dug in Gloucestershire. 
CLEAR and SHEER, adv. Completely ; 
toUlly. Somerset. 
CLEA, s.fA claw. [Clea.Ang. Sax. a claw.] 
CLEE, I One fourth of a cow gait in stint- 

s. Craven. This last 
from claw, it being one 
a cow's feed, or 
one foot or claw. 



CLE. 



CLI. 



3f 



CLEAPf r. tt, [Clypian, Ang. Sax.] To 
Dame or call. Cra»en, 

GLEAMED, part, pass, [Ckemiao, Ang. 
Sax.] Daubed. Craven, 

Leaned, inclioed. Unf'oln, Ditto. 

CLEAD, v,a, [Claed, Sax.] To clothe. 

Norf. St^. 

CLEADING, s. Clothing. DUto, 

CLEAT, CLEYES, *. [Cled, Ang. Sax. 
Cleyes, old English.] Claws, as of a lob- 
ster or crab. Norf, 

CLEAT, s. A thin metallic plate, often pat 
on the heels of shoes. Norf, Suff, Suss, 

To CLEAT, t>. a. To strengthen shoes in the 
way above mentioned. Norf Suff. Suss, 
Query, from clea, a claw, a nail or hoof ? 

CLKAT-BOARDS, «. Mod pattens; broad 
flat pieces of board fastened to the shoes 
to enable a person to walk on the mad 
without sinking into it. In Chichester 
harbour, at low water, there is an im- 
mense surface of mud, covered with a 
fine sea-weed ; in this mud great num- 
bers of eels He up for the winter, and the 
men go upon it with cleat-boards for the 
purpose of taking the eels. They carry 
an eel spear with them, a weapon with 
five or six barbed points, with which they 
strike the eels in the mud, having disco- 
vered their hiding places by the small 
bubbles in the mud, occasioned by their 
breathing. fV, Suss, Hants. 

CLECKIN, s, [Klek-ia. Isl.] A chick. 

NorlA. 

CLETCH, i, A brood of chickens. Craven, 

CLECRINS, s, A shuttlecock ; also small 
goose feathers, of which shuttlecocks 
are made. dumb, 

CLED6Y. adj\ Stiff; cledgy ground ; stiff 
land. Kent, 

To CLEEK, V, n. To catch at a thing has- 
tily. North. 

CLEG, s. A horse fly. North, [Klaeg, Dan.] 

CLEGNING, s. The after birth of a cow. 
North ; called in the South, cleaning. 

CLEPPS, 8, A wooden instrument for pul- 
ling weeds out of corn. Cwnb* If this 
instrument pulls up the weeds by means 
of first grasping or clasping them, then 
clepps may be a corruption of ** clasp/' 

To CLEPE, V, a, [Cleopan,old Eng. to call.] 
To call or name« as boys at play do when 
they choose opposite parties or sides. 

Norf. Si#. 

CLEVEL, s, A grain of corn. E. Suss, Kt, 
To cleave is to separate, a grain of com is 
separated from the ear ; clevel is some- 
thing cloven or separated* 

To CLEVER, or CLAVER, v. n. To clam- 
ber. 
To catch hold of anything. North, 

CLEVE-PINK, s, A species of pink which 

grows wild in the crannies of Cheddar 

cliffs, having a flne scent. Somersei, 

Perhaps a corruption of clove, a piidi so 

called from its aromatic scent* 



CLEWKIN, s, A sort of stroAg twine. North, 
[Klewe, Bel. a ball of thread.] 

CLEY, s, A hurdle for penning sheep. 

BaiUnf, 

To CLICK, V, a. [Klecken, Belg.] To 
catch, or snatch away. Cumb. North, 

To CLICKET, V. n, [Clack Dim. of.] To 
chatter. 

CUCKET, adj, [Eliqueler, Fr. to clack.] 
voluble. Norf, Suff, 

CUCK ETY-CL ACK, adv. To go clickcty- 
clack, is to make the noise which iron 
pattens do. Hants, 

To CLIMy «. n. To climb. NoHh, South, 

West. 

CLTMMER, V, n. To climb. Somerset, 

CLIM, s. A sort of imp, which inhabits the 
chimnies of nurseries, and is sometimes 
called down to take away naughty chil- 
dren. Norf, Suff, So called perhaps 
from being supposed [to climb up chim- 
neys. 

To CLIMP, e. n, [Clim. Isl. Unguis, a 

nail.] To touch a polished surfoce with 

dirty or greasy fingers, and leave marks 

on it. 

To steat (a cant term.) Norf. 'Suff, 

CUNK, 8. [Klinche, Low Scotch.] 
A smart slap. Norf, Suff, E. Suss, 

CLINKS, 8, [To clinch.] Long naib used 
for fixing irons on gates, &c. where they 
are wanted to take strong hold. Norf. 

Suff. 

CLINKERS, s, [From clink, making a 

clinking noise.] Bricks of a smaller size 

burned hard. Norf. Suff. Somerset, 

Coals hardened by a fierce fire, as in malt 

and brew-houses, into cinders. Sussex* 

Hants, 

CLINKER-BELL, s. An icicle. Somerset, 

CLINKERS, 8, Deep impressions of a 
horse's feet. Glouc. 

CLINKET,!. [Clinquant, Fr. Tinsel.] A 
crafty fellow. BaUeff, 

CUNTS, 8, Crevices among bare lime-stone 
rocks. North. 

To CLINT, V, a. [To clinch.] To finish ; 
to complete. Somerset, 

To CLIP, V. a, [Klepper, Dan.] To shear 
sheep. York. Norf, Stiff, 

CLIP-CLIPPING, *. The wool produced 
by the clipping or shearing. Norf, Svff, 

CLIPPER, 8. a sheep-shearer. Norf, Svff, 

To CLIP THE KING'S ENGLfSH, is to 
speak unintelligibly in consequence of 
being drunk. Sussex, Hants* 

CLTTE or CLAYT, s. Clay or mire. Kent, 

CLIT, adj. Clayey, stiff; applied to the 
soil. Hants. Grose, Either fVom elite, 
clay, or perhaps Kladde, Goth, dirty. 
See to clad or clat. 

CLITTERY-CLUTTBRY, adj. Changeable, 

applied to weather inclined to be stormy. 

Hants, Perhaps from clatter«clutte*r, 

noise. 

To CLIT, V. n. To be imperliectly Ienttaite4» 



32 



CLI. 



CLO. 



applied to bread. SomerMt, From clot, 
* bread not properly fermented, is clotted, 

hard, heavy, close. 
CLITTY, «(</. Imperfectly fernieoted. Som, 
CLIVER and SHIVER, adv. Completely ; 

totally. Somersst, See clear and sheer. 
CLIVER, #. [Cleare.] A plant which ad- 
heres closely to whatever it touches. 

Hants. 
CLIVER, f. [Clifan, Sax. to cut.] A chop, 
pinif knife'; a cleaver. Norf. Svjf. 

CLIZE, «. A place or drain for the discharge 
of water, regulated by a valve, which per- 
f mits a free egress but no ingress to the 
water. Somertei^ [From to close or 
kloao, Greek, to wash ; whence clyster.] 
CLO AM, 8, Coarse earthenware. Somertet. 
Probably a corruption of loam, of which 
it is made. 
CLOCK,*.* [Kluck-henne, Teot,] 

The noise made by a henXraven, 

A beetle. DiUo, 

A cockchafer. Bailey. 

CLOCKING or CLUCKING-HEN, s. A 

hen desirous of sitting to hatch chickens, 

so called from the noise she noakes, being 

the same as she afterwards uses to call 

her chickens. North. Souths 

CLOCK-SEAVES, s. Schsenus nigricans, 

black-headed Bog^rush. North. 

To CLOD, V, a. [Clode, Sax.] To clothe. 

Norf. Svff. 

CLODDING, s. Clothing. imo. 

7b CLOD, r. n. [Clod, Sax.] To throw 

stones or clods. North. 

CLODDY, odj. 7 [Clod] Thick; plump; 

CLODGY, S close made; as a cloddy 

Jhorse, aclodgy pig. Wilts. 

Hants, Sussex. 

CLODGER, s. [Clos, Fr. closed.] The 

cover of a book. Nclrf. Suff, 

CLOD-HOPPER, s. A farming labourer, 

so called from having to walk much over 

the ploughed ground, which abounds in 

clods. Norf. 8%i^. Suss. Hants. 

CLOGGS, s. Wooden shoes, such as are 

worn in Cumberland. 
CLOG-SHOES, s. Shoes with wooden soles. 

North. 
CLOG-SOME, odi. Heavy; dull; tiresome; 

Norf 

CLOG-WHEAT, «. A bearded species of 

wheat. Norf. 

All these words have their origin from 

clog, implying an impediment. 

lb CLOMPy V. n. ^ [Klompen, Belg.] To 

f make a heavy^ dull noise. 

/ York. 

To CLUMP, 3 Suss. Hants. 

To CLOT. V. a. To spread dung. Craven. 

To put it in clots or small lumps over the 

land. 

CLOTE,«. Colt's foot. Orose. 

CLOSE, 8. [To close; to shut in.] A 

form-yard. B. Suss. Kent 

CLOSH, s. [Mynheer Closh is a nicknama 



for a Dutchman, from *' Clans,** an ab- 
breviation of Nicholas, a common name 
among them. Hants. Suss. 

To CLOTCH, V. n. [From clot, clod.] To 
tread heavily ; to move awkwardly. Norf. 
CLOUGH, 8. A ravine between two preci 
pitous banks, having a run of water at the 
bottom. Norf. Suf, Northumb. Cleuch, 
Scotch. In one of Walter Scott's works, 
is a note to show that the Duke of Buc- 
cleuch took his name partly from this 
word. A king of Scotland being hunting, 
shot a large buck, which fell at the 
bottom of a " cleuch" or ravine, whence 
the king was at a loss to know how to 
bring it to the top ; when one of his fol- 
lowers, being a very strong man, ran to 
the bottom, took the buck on his shoul- 
ders, and brought him to the king, who, 
in honour of the great achievement, or- 
dered his name henceforth to be Bock- 
Cleuch, now Buccleuch. 
CLOUT, s. [Klotsen Teut. to strike.] A 
cuff; a blow ; as " I gave him a clout on 
the head." Norf. Suff. Hants. Suss. Yk. 
To CLOUT, V. a. To beat. NoHh. South. 
CLOUT, s. [Clut, Sax.] An iron plate on 
a shoe. Norf. Siyf. 

CLOTHIS, «. Clothes. Berks. 

CLOTS, or CLOUTS, s. Burdock; so called 
from the burrs sticking to whatever they 
touch. North. 

CI/)U6HY, s. A woman dressed in a taw- 
dry way. North, 

To CLOUT, V. a. [Clut Sax.] To piece or 
mend with cloth or iron. North. 

In the Old Testament we have ** old shoes, 
and clouted," from which* four words a 
clergyman once preached a sermon. 
CLOUD-BERRY, #. Rubus ehamsmvius. 

Cratfen. 
CLOUT, s. A blow. E. Suss. Hants. 

To clout his ears, is to give a boy a good 
cuffing. 
CLOUTERLY, adj. ]KloBte, Belg.] 

Clumsy ; awkward. Craven. 

CLOW,«. [Claudo,Lat. to shut. Clo8,Fr. 
close.] 

A floodgate. Craven* 

CLOW, s. [CIondegirofle,Fr.] The clove- 
pink. Norf, St^. 
To CLOW, V. n. To pull each other rudely ; 
to labour irregularly and roughly. North. 
[Clawan, Sax. to claw.] 
CLUE, 8. [Klewe, Belg.] Three skeins of 
hempen thread. Norf, Suf, 
CLOZZONS, I. ^o close.] talons; 
clutches ; possession. North. 
CLUBSTER, «. A stoat. North. 
CLUCK, adj. A little unwell. E. Suss. 
CLVM, adj. [Clammy.] Daubed. Craven, 
CLUMEBUZZA, s. An earthen pan. Corn- 
watt. [Loam bason ?] 
CLUMB, s. A note of silence. Bailey. 
CLUMP, «. [Klnmpe, Teut. a lump.] A 
small plantation of trees. Hants. Suss. 



CLU. 



COB. 



33 



CLUMPS, CLUMPST, o^/. Clamsy ; idle ; 

hsy. Lineoln. Benambed with cold* 
CLUMPET, adj. Benumbed with cold. 

Crcmeh. 
[Klampe, Teut a lamp ; the fingers when 
benambed feeling like a lump, without 
joints.] 
CLUMPISH, adj. Lumpish ; walking hea- 
vily and clumsily ; as though a person 
had no articulation about his feet. Hantt* 
CLUMPERS, i. [Klomper, Belg ] Very 
thick heavy shoes. Wooden shoes are so 
called in Holland. Norf. i$u^. 

CLUNCH.f. Close-Drained limestone, fit 
to be used in building, but soft when first 
taken from the quarry. Norf. Suff. 

CLUNG, adj. [Clingan, Ang. Sai. marces- 
_ cere, Lat. to decay.] Tough ; juiceless 

Norf. Suff. 

Strong. Berkt. 

CLUNG, adj. [To cling.] Closed up; 

■topped ; shrivelled ; shrunk. Nofih. 

Soft; flabby. Norf. 

Damp ; adhesive. B, Sua. Kent. 

Hungry or empty. A bladder when empty 

collapses, and the sides cling to each 

other. Craven, 

Daubed. Craven. 

CLUNGY,A(;. Adhesive. Craven. 

CLUNCHY, adj. Short; thick; clamsy. 

Norf Suff. 
CLUNTERy «• [Klonter, Belg.] Disorder. 

York. 
To CLUNTER, v. a. To make a rude noise 
with the feet in walking. Norlh* 

CLUSSOMED, a4j. Clumsy-handed. Baileu. 
CLUSSUNT, adj. Swollen with cold. Norths 
To CLUT, V. a. [Klotsen, Teut. to strike.] 
To strike a blow. Norlh. 

CLUTTERS, adv. In heaps. North. [Clud, 

Sax. a lump.] 
CLUTHER, adv. VCluder, Welch.] In 

> heaps. Craven. 

CLUTTERS, 3 In disorder. Norf. 

CLUTCH,«. A brood of chickens. Norf S^. 

CLUTCH, ody. Close. E. Sugg. 

To CLUTTEB-UP, v. a. To throw into con- 

fusion. E, Suss. 

CLUVES, «. [Cloven.] Hoofs of horses 

or cows. Cumb. 

TbCOATHE, o. a. To bane; to poison, 

applied to sheep. Somerset. To swoon. 

COATE, «. [Cote, Sax.] A house or cot^ 

tage. Craven. York. 

Hence, dove-cote; a dove- house. South. 

COAL.HOD,«. [Coal and hod, Ang. Sax. 

eucullus, Lat.] 

A utensil for holding coals ; a coal-scuttle. 

Norf. S%^. 

COARSE, adj. Rou^h ; stormy ; applied 

to weather ; as ** it is a coarse weather.*' 

Norf St^. £. Suss. 
C0AD,a4/. Unhealthy. Somerset. Con- 
sumptive. [Cored, the core of a wound 
coBtaina the matter.] 



COAH, s. [Cor, Lat. core.] The heart or 
pith of wood, horns, &c. North. 

COAJERZE'END, s. [Codger's end.] A 
shoemaker^s thread. 
A cobler's end. Somerset, 

COAKEN, s. The sharp part of a horse- 
shoe. Query, from cog. North. 
To COAKEN, V. n. To strain, in the act of 
vomiting. North. 
COANDER. s. [Coin. Fr.] A comer. Som. 
COATHY, a4i. Surly, easily provoked. Norf. 
Rotten, as a coathy sheep is a rotten sheep. 

Hants, Qrose. 

COB, s. A wicker-basket, to carry on the 

arm. BaHey. 

COB,«. A blow. Derby^ 

A seed-cob, a basket used to carry the seed 

in sowing. E, Suss. 

COB, «. A sea-gull. Norf. Suf. E. Suss. 

The stony kernel of fruit. Norf St^. 

COB, s. A close, strong, hardy kind of 

horse, not very high. Sussex, Kent. 

COB.NUT,«. l[Cop, Sax. head] A 

COB-WALNUT, Slarge kind of nuU and 

3 walnuts. Suss, 

COB-WALL, s. A mud wall, a wall made 
of clay, mixed with straw. Somerset, 

COBBLE, s. A stone. Craven. 

A pebble, ^ Bailey, 

Probably from cop, a head, signifying 
something round; pebbles on the sea- 
shore are genemlly rounded. 
To COBBLE, V. a. To throw stones. Cra. 
COBBY, odj. Lively. Craven. 

COB OF HAY, s. A small stack, or part 
of a stack of hay. Nottingham. 

COBBLE, s. [Cuople, Ang. Sax. navicula, 
a small vessel.] A flshing-boat. Norf. 



COB-IRONS, s. [Cop, Sax. head and irons.] 
Brend-irons for supporting the logs in a 
wood fire, generally having a round head 
or knob. 

The irons hung upon the bars of the 

kitchen range, on which the spit is 

turned. Norf. Suf, 

COBBLES, s. [Cop. Sax.] Round coals. Der. 

COBBELLS, or ICE-CANDLES, s. Icicles. 

Kent. 

COBBO, s. A small fish; the miller's 

thumb. KefU. 

COB-COALS, «. [Cob, Sax.] Large piu 

coals. North. 

COB-JOE, s. A nut at the end of a string. 

Derby, 
COBWEB-MORNING, s. A misty morn- 
ing. Norf. 
COBBLE-TREES, s. Double swingle trees ; 
whippins or splinter-bars. North. 
COCK-LA WT, s. [Cock and loft, from 
Aloft.] A garret ; an upper room, where 
fowls roost. Sonerset, 
In Hampshire, the room over a stable, 
where the hay is deposited, is called a 
hay loft. 
COCK and MWILE, «. A jail. SemerteU 



34 



COC. 



COD. 



COCKLE, t. [Coquo. Lat to boil.] A 

stove with iron or brick flues, used for the 

purpose of drying hops in Kent and 

Sosaez. 

Ta COCKER, v. a. [Cocru, Welch.] To 

indulge. Craven^ Somerset. 

COCKERS, s. Gaiters. Craven. Somerset. 

COCKLES OF THE HEART, e. The 

stomach. Craven. Somerset. 

COCK-BRUMBLE, «. [So called from its 

spines.] The rubus fruticosas.] Norf. 

COCK'EYE, s. [It must be cocked like a 

gun before it can take aim with effect] 

A squinting eye. Norf, ffoMis. 

COCK-FARTHING, s. A term of endear- 

ment used to a little boy. Norf. 

COCK'S-EGG, s. A small abortive egg. 

Norf. Suf. S%us. Bants, 
COCKERS and TRASHES, «. Old stock- 
ings without feet, and worn-out shoes. 

North. 
[Trashes, from trash, rubbish.] 
COCKET,a<^'. Brisk; apish; pert. NoHh. 

[Cock-lively, like a cock.] 

COCKEY, «. The grate over a common 

sewer. Norf. Suff. 

COCK-LEET, s. [Cock and Lecht. ;Saz. 

light; day-break; and sometimes the 

dusk of the evening. Somerset. 

COCKS'-HEADS, s. The heads of rib- 

glass, which contain the seeds. Grose. 

In West Sussex, boys play with these 

heads; [one holds a stalk in his hand, 

while another, with a similar stalk, 

strikes his opponents, and whichever 

loses the head first is conquered. It is 

called *' fighting cocks." 

COCKS'-NECKLING, adj. Falling head- 

foremost. *" fViUs. 

COCKS'-HEADLING, s. A game where 

boys mount over their heads. Hants. 

Stt$s. 

1 suppose from the head or neck going 

foremost. 

COCK-SURE, adj\ Certain; from a gun 

being much more sure of its aim with a 

lock, than when fired with a match. 

Hants Sussex, 

COCK-APPAREL, s. Great pomp. line. 

People wearing their best apparel on these 

occasions, being smart like a cock's 

*^ feathers. 

COCKED, part. pass. Afifronted. Warwick. 
A cock, when exasperated, carries himself 
very upright, with a strutting air, so 
does a man, when offended ; hence (he 
may said to be ** cocked," or like a 
cock. 
COD, s. [Codde, Sax. a case.] Pin-cod is 
a pin-cushion ; horse-cod, is a horse-col- 
lar. North. 
CODS, s Bellows. North 
CODDERS, 9. Persons, chiefly Wekh wo- 
men, employed by the gardeners about 
London to gather peas. So called from 
peascods, which they gather. ^ 



COD-GLOVE, s. [Codde, Sax. a case.] A 
thick glove without fingers, used to han« 
die turf. Somerset, 

COD-WARE, s. Pulse growing in cods or 
pods. South* Pod-ware. Kent, Kid- 
ware. Hants, 
To CODDLE, V. a. [Coctulo, coquo, Lat. 
to boil.] To indulge witli warmth. Cra. 
To indulge with two much tenderness a 
child. Hants. Sussex. 
To parboil, hence apples thus dressed, are 
called '* coddled apples.** Hants. 
CODDY-FOAL, s. A young foal. Craven. 

[Cutty, Scotch, short ; small.] 
CODGER, s. [Coger, span.] 
A mean, covetous, miserly perspn. 

Craven. Sussex. Hants, 

CODLINS, s. [See coddle.] Limestones 

partially burned. Craven, 

COE,s. An odd old fellow. Norf. 

A<diminutive of coger. 

coif IN, s. A coffin. Norf. Suff, If from 

cofln, Fr. a more proper word than coffin ; 

but if from Coffre, Sax. a coffer, a chest 

or box ; then not so. 

COFRE,s.'>[Cofi'te, Sax.] A coffer; a 






chest. 



COFER s. y Ditto. E. Suss. 

COGER, s, A common sort of cake given 
to agricultural labourers for their lun- 
cheon in East Sussex and Kent. 
To COIT, V. a. To toss up the head. Norf, 

Suf. 

COIT. s. A toss of the bead. Norf St^. 

COIL, s. [Cuellier, Fr. to reduce into a 

narrow compass. Fenning.] A hen-pen, 

or coop. Norths 

COIL, s. [Kolleren, Tent] A tumult or 

great stir ; also a lump on the head. Nth. 

COILERS,!. [From recoil.] That part of 

a cart horse's harness, which is put over 

his rump and round his haunches to hold 

back the cart, when going down hill. 

Hants. 

COINT, adj. [Coint, Fr.] Strange ; quaint ; 

but more coJrect than the kttter word. 

Bcttlejf, 
COISTREL, s. A young lad. BaUey. 

COKE, 8. [Choke.] The core of an apple. 

Craven. 
COKERS, «• Rims of iron round wooden- 
shoes. Cumb. 
COKES or COIKS, s. [Coquo, LaU to bake.] 
COUKS, Cinders. North. 
COKERED, part, pass. Unsound, applied 
to timber. Norf, Can this be a corrup- 
tion of cankered ; or from coker, a lie ? 
To COKER, V. a. [Coker, a lie ; auction- 
eers puffing off their goods, and glossing 
over their defects.] To sell by auction. 

East Sunex. 

COLDER, «• Short straws, ears, and rough 

chaff: Norf, 

• Is it '< culled-ear ?" To cull is to take out 

the worst of anything in Sussex and 

Kent. These short ears, &c., are culled 

out from the clean g^in. 



COL. 



COxM. 



35 



COLE9 $, [CbwI. Sax. cabbage.] Pottage 
or broth, made of cabbage. North. 

COLEY, «. A cur-doz. North. 

To COLLAR, V. a. [Ool, coal. Sax ] To 
sully with toot or coal-dust. Norf, 9ujf, 
To COLLY, «. a. Is used in the west. 
COLLY-WOMPEREDy part. pass. 

Patched. Northumb, 

COLLAR, «. Black smut from the chimney 

or bars. 
COLLEY, s. A blackbird. Somerset. 

The soot from a kettle. Glouc, 

COLLAR-BALL,*. A light ball with which 
children play. Norf. 8uff, 

COLLAR-BEAM, «. [From to collar, to 
hold last, as the collar of a shirt secures 
the garment.] The highest and shortest 
beam in a building. Norf, Suf, 

COLLOCK,ff. A great pail orpiggin. North* 
Cooler, cooUock, a little cooler, as hill, 
hillock, a small hill. Or may it be from 
coll or collect ? 
To COLLIN, V. n. [Kal. Belg.] 

To run about idly. Craveiu 

To COLLOGUE, v. n. [Colloquor, Lat. 
To talk together, whence comes colloquy.] 
To confer together for some mischievous 
purpose. Norf. Suff. Somerset. 

COLLOblN, [g hard] sub. An association 
for some improper purpose. Somerset. 
To COLT-IN, V. n. To fall in as the surface 
of a pit or quarry. Otouc. 

To COLT, V, a. To throw the earth which 
has been cast out of a ditch up into a 
ridge. E. Suss, Kent. 

COLT, sub. The ridge of earth formed by 
colting it. E. Suss. Kent. 

Has culter Lat. a coulter, anything to do 
with this word colt ? 
COLT, sub. [Colt, Sax. a young horse.] 
A boy articled to a clothier for three or 
four years. Glouc, 

COLT- PIXY, s. A fairy, who coming in 
the shape of a horse and neighing, mis- 
leads horses into bogs. Hants, 
COLT-ALE, s. [When a colt is shod for 
the first time, the blacksmith claims a 
certain quantity of beer or ale.] 
The fine paid by any one on entering upon 
a new office. Somerset, Hants, Suss. York. 
COLTEE, V. a. [Little colt.] To act the 
hobby-horse, to be playful, as a young 
colt. fVest. 
COLT, s. Any person entering on an office 
for the first time, when he is generally 
fined, which is technically called shoeing 
him. Norf. Suff. Hants. Suss. 
See colt-ale. 
COMFORTS, s. [Corruption of comfits.] 
Sweetmeats. Somerset. 
COME-THY-WAYS. Come forward. . Ooo. 
COME-BACK, s, [From the sound it 
utters.] A guinea fowl. Norf. Suff. 

Hants, 

COMB, s. A hollow or valley. Suss. 

Hence on the South Downs we find Bar- 



comb, Tellaeomb-Comb. North, There 

spelt "Coum" from <<Cwm." Welch. 

COMB, s. The window stool of a casement. 

Qloue. 

CORN-BIND, s. The convolvulus arvensis. 

The wild convolvulus. So called from its 

binding round within its folds the stalks 

of corn, of whatever it comes near. North, 

Bind-weed in E. Sussex and Kent. 

COMAUNCE, s. A community. BaUey. 

COMB, s. [Comb, Sax.] The small strings 

or sprouts of malt. Hants. Suss. 

BaUey. 

COMM\THER,intf.'iHanti.( A corrup- 

COMMITHER, } Essex. { tion of 

COMMOTHER, ySussess.t come hither. 

A word used by carters and i^ugh4K>ys, 

when speaking to a horse and wishing 

him to come to the left, that is towards 

the driver, who usually walks on this 

side of his team. 

COMMOTHER, s. [Co-mother.] A God- 

mother. North. 

COMMENCE, s, A job; an affair, as 

** here is a pretty commence f* here is a 

fine job. Suss, 

COMPANY.KE£PER,s. A Lover. Norf, 

Suss. 
COMPASS, s. An outline generally mean 
ing of a circular form. Norf. Suff. 

COMPASSING, a4f. In a circular form. 

Norf, Suff, 
From to encompass, to inclose. 
COMPLIN, atj^. [Kompen, Germ. To 
contend.] Impertinent. Craven. 

To CON, V. a, [Connan. Ang. Sax. To know.] 
To learn* Craven. 

CONNER, ». A reader. Ciaven. 

CON, s. A squirrel. North. 

CONEY-LAND, s. Land so light and sandy 
as to be fit for nothing but feeding rab- 
bits on. A common jest is, that it may 
be ploughed with two rabbits and a 
knife. North. 

Mr Coke, of Norfolk, to whom the whole 
country is so deeply indebted for his 
great improvements in agriculture, 
brought a great deal of land of this de- 
scription into profitable cultivation. 
Some person speaking of the extreme 
poorness of the soil, said that when he 
first saw the land, before any improve* 
ments had taken place on it, he saw but 
one blade of gnss on a great extent, and 
for this one blade two rabbits were con- 
tending. 
CONDITION, s. Temper, as an " ill-con- 
ditioned fellow,** is an " ill-tempered 
fellow." Norf. Suff. Sussex. 

CONDITION, s, [Quality, from conditio, 
Lat.] The seeds of hops when gathered 
for drying, the richness of which consti- 
tutes the good quality of the hops. 

B. Suss. Kent. 

CONDERS, s. [Connan, Sax. To know.] 

Persons who are stationed on some emi- 



36 



CON. 



COP. 



nence to give notice to flahert whieh way 
a shoal of herrinn talces. Fennmg. 

CONCERN, ». A litUe estate. North. 

Any property. South, 

CONOIODLED, aif. DisperMd. Somerset. 
CONKABELL or CLINKABELL, «. An 
icicle. Somenet, The last name proba- 
bly ia taken from its jingling or clinlLing 
when struclL. 
CONNIEARS, s. The kidnies of a beast. 

North. 
CONNYy a4i» [Cormption of canny, from 
Kaen, to whiten.] Brave, fine. North, 
CONTANKEROUS, a^j. Quarrelsome. 

fFUtt. 
To CONSATEi o. a. [Conceit.] To imagine ; 
to fttncy. Craven, 

CONTRAPTION, «. Contrivance; manage- 
ment. Somereet, Hants, Sussex, 
COOP, in^j, Somerset. 9 A corruption of 
CUP-CUP, Hants. | come-up. 
A word used very frequently to call fowls 
to be fed ; or cows to be milked. 
COOCHE-HANDED, ck(/. [Gauche, Fr. 
left.] Left-handed* Devon. 
COOK, V, a. To throw, as cook me that 
ball. Glouc. 
COOK-EEL, s. A sort of cioss-bun, made 
in Lent. Norf. 
COOMS, «. The high ridges in ill-kept 
roads, between the ruts and the horse- 
TCith. Norf. St^. Perhaps from stick- 
ing up like a cock's-comb. 
COOP, s, [Knype, Belg. a vessel for hold- 
ing liquor.] A muck-coop ; a lime-coop ; 
a close cart for carrying dung or lime. 

North. 

A fish-coop is a hollow vessel made of 

twigs, with which they take fish in the 

Humber. North, Similar vessels in 

the South are called pots, as eel-pots, 

lobater-pots. 

COORT, s, A cart. Grose says a liule 

cart. In the present day it implies a 

large one, but it is almost obsolete. 

E, Sussex. Kent, 

COOTH or COUTH, a^i- Cold. North, 

To COP, V, 0. [Cop. Sax. top.] To throw 

something upwards, in order to reach a 

mark at some moderate distance. Norf, 

St^f. 
COP, s. A cop of peas is fifteen sheaves 
or bundles in the field. North, These 
fifteen sheaves form a cop ; the same as 
a certain quantity of hay is called a cock 
instead of a cop. 

A lump of yam. North. 

COP-COPPING, s. A fence. North. 

To COPE, V. a. To cover; to cope a wall 

is to cover the top of it with stone, called 

a coping, says Grose. North and South. 

In Hampshire they have bricks made with 

circular tops, to place on walls, so as to 

let the water run off without penetrating ; 

these are called '' Coping bricks." 

COPE, s. [Copia LaU abundance.] A large 

quantity oi number* Norf» 8%^, 



To COPE, V. a. To Iksten np. Warrenera 
are said to cope their ferrets, when they 
tie or sew up their mouths to prevent 
them from biting the nbbits, when em- 
ployed to drive them out of their holes. 
Hants, Norf, Sti^f, Cop. Sax. is top or 
head, when a cooper closes the ends of a 
cask he is said to head it up, and heading 
it up is fastening it up. 

CO P-H AI^PENN Y, s. The game of chuck- 
farthing. Norf. Suf. 

In £. Sussex, called chuck. In Hamp- 
shire, pitch and hustle. 

COPPLE-CROWN, s. A tuft of feathers 
on the head of a fowl. Norf. St^f, 

COPPLING, adv. Unsteady, as though in 
danger of falling headlong. Norf, St^f. 

COP-WEB, s. [Kop. Belg. A spider.] A 

^ cobweb. A spider's web. Norf. S^f^ 

COPESMATE, s, A companion. North, 
May it not be co-mate ? 

COPT, adj. [Cop, Sax.] Convex. Craven. 

COPPET,a(i(;. Saucy. [See cocket.] Craven. 

COPPIN, *. [Copyn, Welch ] 
A piece of worsted taken from the windle. 

Craven. 

COPPER-CLOUTS, s, [Cope to cover and 
clut, Sax. a clout.] A kind of spatter- 
dashes, worn on the small of the leg. 



COPPY-STOOL, s. A foot-stool. North, 
COP-ROSE, 8, ICauperose, Fr. ruddy, 
COPPER-ROSE, i North. Njrf. 8t^, 
Papaver, rhseas, the wild red poppy. 
Called in the North, Grose says, head- 
wort ; hence the derivation may be from 
cop. Sax. head and wort. Sax. a herb. 
COPSON, s, [Cop. Sax.] A fence placed 
on the top of a small dam laid across a 
ditch, for the purpose of keeping sheep 
from going over it. E, Sussex, Romneif 

Marsh, Kent. 
COPT-KNOW,^*. [Cop. Sax. top. knol. 
Sax . head.] The top of a conical hill. North, 
COPT, adj. [Cop. Sax.] Proud, ostenta- 
tious, lofty. North. 
CORBY, s. [Corbeau, Ft.] A crow. North. 
CORF, s, [Corf. Belg.] A basket for 
coals. Craven, York. 
A floating cage or basket to keep lobsters 
in, used on the Suffolk coast. 
CORACLE, s, [Corium, Lat. leather.] A 
small boat used by fishers in Wales, made 
of a frame of wicker work, covered with 
leather. Hertford, 
To CORK, V, a. To make a horse's shoe 
so that when passing on ice or on a frozen 
road, he will not slip. Somerset. 
CORKER, s, A set down ; I have given 
him a corker ; " I have silenced him :" 
I have closed op his mouth as effectually 
^s a cork does a bottle. Warw. 
TVCORN, V. a. [Gecomand, Sax.] 
/ To sprinkle meat with salt, that is with 
V grains or corns of salt. Penning, Hants. 
A piece of corned beef is a piece of beef 
cured with salt. 



COR. 



COU. 



37 



CORN-CRAKE, «. A land rail. Craven. 
CORNER^ «. A point in a robber of whist. 

Norf. Suff. 
CORNY, adj [Com.] Abounding in corn ; 

ai these sheaves are heavy and corny; 

tasting well of malt, spoken of beer. 

Tipsy. Norf. Suff, 

COSH, 9, [Cacher, Fr. to hide.] The 

glome or husk of corn, particularly 

wheat. Norf. Suf. 

COSSET-LAMB, «. A lamb brought up 

by hand. Nor/. 8uf, 

To COSSET, V. a. To fondle. Norf. Sx^, 
COSSET, *. A pet. Norf Suf. 

COSTRIL, s. A small barrel. Cranen. 

COSTARD, «. [Coster, a head. FennKng'\ 
The bead, used by way of contempt. 

Qro8e, 
COSTLY, adj. Costive. Norf. Suf. 

COT, «• A man, who is fond of cooking for 

himself, perhaps from cot, Sax. a mean 

but, persons living in such dwellings, 

being generally poor and compelled to do 

f many things for themselves. Craven. 

A pen ; as a calf-cot, hence sheep-cote ; 

dove-cote. Hereford. 

To COTHE, V. a. To faint. Norf. Suf. 

COTHISH, COTHY, adj. Faint, sickly, 

ailing. Norf. Stjf. 

Cothe, Ang. Sax. disease. 

COTT, t. A fleece of wool matted together. 

COTTERED, adj. Entangled. Craven. 

COTTY, adj. Matted, said of a fleece, the 

wool of which is matted together. Kent, 

E. Sussex, Are these words corruptions 

of clot, clottered, clotty ? 

COTTERIL, t. An iron pin. . Craven. 

A linch-pin, a pin to fitsten the wheel on 

the aiie-tree. North. 

A trammel for hanging a pot on over the 

Are. South. 

COTTS, t. Lambs brought op by hand. 

See cade-lamb. 
To COTTEN, r. n. [From cotten, the woo] 

of which adheres together.] To agree. 

North. South. 
COUCH, t. The rooto of grass collected by 

the harrow in pasture lands, when first 

plooghed up. Gloue. 

COUCH-GRASS, s. A coarse, bad species 

of grass, which spreads and grows very 

fiist in arable land ; forming large beds, 

whence probably called couch from 

coucher, Fr. 
COUCH, COUCH.HANDED,adt;. [Gauche, 

Fr.] Left-handed. Norf Suff. 

COUD, CAUD, atiU- [Kaud, koud. Belg.] 

cold. Craven. 

COUD-TOGETHER, part. pass. [Called 

and together.] Collected. Craven. 

COUCHER, s. [Coucher, Fr. to lie down.] 

A setting dog ; a setter. Bailey. 

COUCH, s. The various divisions in which 

malt is placed^ during the process of 

making. Suss. 

To COUNT V. n. [Account.] To guess ; 



to suppose. Norf. Suff. Somerset. Hants. 

Sussex. 
COUL, s, [To cool.] A tub or vessel with 
two ears. Bailey. In Hampshire called 
a cooler ; in Sussex a keeler. 
To COUP, c. n. [Koop, Belg. a sale.] To 
exchange. Craven. 

COVE, *. [Couvrir, Fr. to cover.] The 
sloping part of a building. Kent. 

COFE, [Ang. Sax.] A deep pit, cavern, or 
cave. North. 

COVEY,*. [Couvrir, Fr.] A cover of 
furze, &c. for game. North. 

COULTER, s. A ploughshare. North. Grose. 
Now the coulter in the Sooth is not the 
ploughshare, but a long piece of iron 
placed in the beam, before the share 
cutting the sward or ground, hence its 
name from culter, Lat. a knife. 
COUNTERFEITS and TRINKETS,*. Por- 
ringers and saucers. Ches. 
COUPRAISE,«. [Come-up-raise.] A lever. 

North. [Prise, Fr. a crow.] 
COW-JOCKEY, «. A beast jobber. Craven. 
COW-BABY, s. A coward ; a timid person. 

Somerset. 
COWL, s. [From its resemblance to a 
monk's hood.] The top of a malt-kiln, 
which turns round with the wind, pie- 
venting the smoke or reek from beating 
inwards. Norf. Suff, Sussex. Hants, 
Vulgarly called a Cow. A tub. Essex, 
COWL, s. [Koll, Goth. Vertex, Lat. 
crown of the head ,*] a circolar swelling. 

Craven. 
To COWL, V, a. To scrape together. Craven. 

To coll. 

COW ED, 04/. Being withoot horns. North. 

COWDY, 8, A little cow, a Scotch runt 

without horns. North. [Cotty, Sco. 

short.] 

To COWKER, r. n. To strain in vomiting. 

JhUo. 
To cawk and spit in the South, is to make 
the noise which a person does in trying 
to bring the phlegm from his throat and 
then to discharge it from the mouth. 
[Kuchen, Bel. to cough.] 
COWDY, adj. Pert ; frolicksome. North. 
COWKES, s. Sheep's hearts. Ditto. 

COWL-RAKE,*. [Coal and rake.] A mud- 
scraper ; a coal rake. North. 

COWLICK, s. A twist or wreathing in the 
hair of the forehead of a calf, probably 
from the cow being supposed to have 
licked it into that form. Norf, Suff, 

See •< Calflich." 
COW-MIG, s. The drainage of a cow-house 
or dunghiil. North. 

COW-MUMBLE, *. A wild plant, more com- 
monly called cow-parsnep. Heracleum 
sphondyleum. Norf. Suff. 

COWSLOP, s. [Cuslippe. Sax.] A cowslip. 

Norf Suff. 

COWSHUT,*. [Kuyshuist, Belg. coo.J A 

wood pigeon. Craven. 



38 



COW. 



CRA. 



COURT-FOLD, 8, A rarm-yard. Wore. 

COURTLAGE, «. [Curtilage, law term.] 
A court-yard. Somen^, 

COW- PAR, s. A straw-yard; fold-yard. 

Narf. 

COW-SCARN, «. Cow-dungp. Cutnb, 

COW.STRlPLlNQS,«. CowsHpa. North. 

COWTHERED,pait. iMM. Recovered from 
disease or coldness. North. 

COW-TIE, t. A short thick hair rope, with 
a wooden nut at one end, and an eye 
formed in the other, used for hoppling 
the hind legs of a cow while milking. 

North. 

COW-TONGUED, adj. Having a tongue 
like a cow's, smooth on one side and 
rough on the other ; figuratively double- 
tongued; deceitful. Norf, St^. 

COY, s. [Decoy.] A decoy for ducks. Norf. 



A coop for lobsters. Norf, Suff. 

COXY-ROXY, adj. Merrily and fantasti. 

cally tipsey. Narf, Suff, 

(Cozy, causer^ Fr. to talk ; and rosy, from 

drinking.) 

To COZE, V, n. [Causer, Fr. to talk ] To 

converse earnestly and familiarly. Sttsaex. 

Hants. 

COZY, adj. Talking freely, earnestly, and 

familiarly. Suswx. Uanta. 

CRA, 8. [Crawe, Sax.] A crow. Norf. Suff, 

7b CRACK, V. n. To converse. Norf. 

CRACK, adv. Immediately. Norf. In a 

(crack. Hants. Stus. That is as soon as 

you can make a crack or sudden noise. 

CRACKLINGS, t. Crisp cakes, crackling 

when they are broken. Hants. Sussex. 

In the Isle of Wight a cake is made called 

a "cracknell." The skin of roasted 

pork. NoHh. In the South this is called 

the "crisp." 

To CRACK, CRAKE, r. n. [Krekia, Isl. to 

boast.] To boast ; to brag. York. Norf. 

CRACK,*. Pride; boast; as she is the 

** crack" of the village. Norf. Suff, South. 

CRACK, adj. Excellent; having qualities 

to be proud of; as a ** crack," team. 

Norf. Suff. South. 
CRACKMANS, s. [To crack.] Hedges, 
which when old, easily break with a 
crackling sound Bailey. 

CRA DDANTLY, adj. I Craven. Cowardly. 
CRADDENLY, S NoHh. 

CRADDINS, «. Mischievous tricks. 2Vor<A. 
CRAGGE, s. [Kiaeghe, Belg. the neck.] A 
small beer-vessel. South. 

CRAG, 8. The craw. Norf. Suff. 

A deposil of fossil sea^shells, formed in 
large quantities in an extensive district 
of Suflfolk, and used with much advan- 
tage as manure on the neigbouring light 
lands. (.Crag, the rugged part of a rock.) 
CRAKE,>. [Cracettan, Sax. to croak.] 

A crow*. Norf. Suff, 

CRAKE-BERRIES, s. Crow-berries. North* 



7V» CRAM, CRUM, r. a. To stuff. DUio. 

To put a thing in its place. Diito, 

To CRAMBLE, r. n. [To scramble.] To 

bobble. Derby, 

roCRAMMLE,v.n. To walk idly. Craven. 

CRAKE-FEET, s. The Orchis. North. 

CRAKE-NEEDLES, s. Scandix pecten 

veneris. Shepherd's needle. North, 

(From crackle.) 

CRAMBLES, ff. Large boughs of trees, of 

which the fagots are made. North, 

CRAMMER, 8. A bowl-sewer. DUto. 

To CRAMPLE, v, n. [Cramp.] To move 

with pain and stiffness, as if affected with 

cramps. Norf Suff, 

CRAMPLED-HAMM'D, adj. Stiffened in 

the lower joints. Norf. I^iiff. Hence also 

comes '* crumple-footed." Hants. Sussex, 

Having a foot without any articulations in 

the toes. 

To CRANCH, V. [Scranch.] To crackle ; 

to grind between the teeth. Craven. 

CRANK, odj. Brisk; jolly; merry. Kent, 

CRANKY, adj. Merry from liquor. Kent, 

Sussex. 
CRANNY, ady. Jovial; brisk. Cheshire. 
CRANKY, adj. [Crank, Dutch, aick.] Ail- 
ing; sickly. North* 
A vessel over-masted, and hence apt to 
roll; a sea-term ; checked-linen is called 
cranky* North, 
CRANKLE, atfj. [Crank, Dutch.] Weak; 
shattered. North, 
CRAP, 8. Darnel. E, Sussex. 
To CRAP, r. n. i To snap ; to break with a 
CRAPPY, 5 sudden sound ; to crack. 

Somerset* 

CRAP, s, A smart sudden sound. DUto. 

(Are these words from Kreppen, Belg. to 

crop; to lop ; or break off a thing ? 

CRAPS, 8. [Scraps.] The refuse of tallow. 

CRASSANTLY, adj. [Crasseax, Fr. mean.] 

Cowardly. Cheshire* 

CRATCH, 8. [Crates, Lat. A wattle.] 

A pannier. Derby, 

A rack ; a hay-rack. ^nUh, 

A frame of wood to lay sheep on. Craven, 

A.long slight pole, with a fork at the end, 

used to support clothes lines. E. Suss, 

CRATCHINGLY, adv. Feebly; weakly. 

North, 

CRATES, 8. [Crates, Lat.] Open panniers 

for glass and crockery. North. 

CRATTLE, 8, A crumb. Ditto, 

CRAUP, prdBt. of CREEP. Somerset. 

CRAWLEY-MAWLEY,ac/v. In a weakly 

and ailing state, having been so mauled as 

scarcely to be able to crawl. Not/, 

CRAZEY, 8. The ranunculus tribe of plants, 

generally called crow*s-foot, or crow's- 

claw. Crawe is Sax. for crow Cra is a 

crow in Norf; crazey may be corrupted 

from cra*s-eye. 

CRAZY, cutj. Ailing ; out of order or re- 



CRE. 



CRI. 



39 



pair. Derby* An old decayed building is 
said to be crazy , as *' a crazy old house ;*' 
in SugsesB and Hantt, [Ecras^ Fr. broken ] 

CRAZZLiHD, adj. Caked together^ as coals 

are on the fire. North* 

Just congealed. Craven* 

To CREAM, V. n. [Cr^me, Fr.] To froth ; 
to mantle, Craven. 

To CREEM, 9. a. To put in slily, as cream 
forms silently on the surface of the milk. 
Cheshire, To press together. Somerset, 

CREEM, s. A sudden shivering. Somerset, 

CREEMY, adj. Affected with sudden shi- 
vering. Somerset, 

To CREE, tf, 11. To seethe. , Creed rice is 
boiled rice. Craven, 

CREEL, s. An osier-basket. DUto, 

CREAK, s, A land-rail, so called [from the 
noise it makes. Grose. 

To CREASE, V. a. To make a mark in any 
thing, particularly in linen, by folding it. 

North. South, 

CREES, or CREWDS, s. The measles. North. 

CREEL, s, A kind of bier, used for slaugh- 
tering and saWing sheep upon. North* 

To CREEP, v,a. To drag up tubs of con- 
traband spirits, which have been sunk in 
the sea by smugglers, by means of weights 
attached to them. East Sussex, Kent, 

CREEPERS, «. Low pattens, mounted on 
short iron stumps instead of rings. 
Grapnels to bring up anything from the 
bottom of a well or pond. Norf, Suff. 
All these words imply drawing something 
close to the ground, in a creeping, crawl- 
ing way. 

CREEPER, s. A small stool. Notth. 

CR£EPINS,«. A beating; chastisement. 

North, 

CREEP.HEDGE, s. One who prowls and 
sneaks about through hedges. Norf. 

CRE1L,«. A short, squat, dwarfish man. 

North. 

CREVET, *. [Corruption f of cruet.] A 
vial for vinegar or oil. Norf. Suff. 

CRE VIN, s, A hole ; a crevice. Grose. 

C REVISES, *. Cray-flish. [Ecrevisse, Fr. 
a lobster.] North. 

CREWDLING, «. [Curdling.] A dull in- 
active person ; one whose blood seems 
scarcely to circulate. fVest, 

CREWNTING, part, act. Somerset*, Grunt- 
ing. (A corruption.) 

To CRIB, 9. a. To steal slily; putting some- 
thing as it were into one's crib. South. 

CRIB, s. [Crybble, Sax. a rack.] A kind 
of rack or bin to hold hay for cows or 
horses in a farm-yard, called a cow-crib. 

HafUs* NoHh* 

CRIBBf.E, *. [Cribler, Fr. to sift.] 
A finer sort of bran. Noff, Suff. 

A corn sieve. lieMey, 

CRICKET^ s, A small three legged stool. 

Nmth* 

CRICKS and HOWDS, «. Pains and strains. 

JVorM. 



To CRICKLE. CHUCKLE, r. n. [Kriechen, 
Teut. reptare, Lat. to creep.] 
To bend under a weight; to sink down 
through pain or weakness. Norf* Suff, 

To CRIMBLE, «. n. [Crymbig, Ang. Sax- 
winding.] To creep about privily ; to 
sneak ; to wind about unperceived. Norf, 

Suff. 

To CRIMBLE ITH'POKE, or CRINKLE, 
V, n. [Crymbig, Ang. Sax. winding, tor- 
tuous.] To go back from an agreement ; 
to be cowardly. North. 

To CRINCH, [See to cranch.] Norf. Suff. 

CRINCH, s, A small bit. Gloucester* 

CRINCHLING, <. A small apple, such as 
can be easily scranched between the teeth. 

Glouc, Norf. Suff. 

CRINGLE, «. [Kronkelin, Dan. to wind.] 
A withe or rope for fastening a gate with. 

NoHh, 

To CRINGLE-UP, v, a. To fasten a gate 
with a cringle. North, 

CRINGLE-CRANGLE, ado. Zig-zag. DUto, 

To CRINKLE-CRUNKLE, v, a. [Kronke- 
lin, Dan.] To wrinkle ; to twist or rum- 
ple irregularly. Norf, Suff. Hants, 

CRINK,«. A crumpling apple. Hereford, 

To CRINKLE, v, n. To bend under a 
weight. North* 

CRIPPLE-HOLE, s. [Kryp. Isl. to creep.] 
A hole in a wall for the passago of 
sheep. Craioen, 

CRITCH, ». [See cratch.] - South, 

CRISH-CRUSH, s. Cartilage or soft bones 
of young animals, easily crashed by the 
teeth. Norf. Suff, 

TbCROB, ». w. 

To CROB-OVER, 




Craven* North. 
CROCKS, s. [Krocken, Belg. to bend.] 
crooked timber, resting in stone blocks to 
support the roof of antient buildings. 
Craven, In the South called knees. 
CROCK, s. A bellied pot, either of iron or 
other metal, for the purpose of boiling 
food. Somerset. 

An earthen pot. Somerset* Hants. Sussex, 
A pot or kettle. Essex, 

CROCK, s. [Crocca, Ang. Sax soot.] Smut; 
dust of soot or coal. Essex. Noif. Suff, 
To CROCK, V. a. To defile with smut. Notf, 
To CROCK-UP, V. a. To put away care- 
fully, as though in a crock. Hants. 
CROCKY,<M/. Smutty. Norf Suff, 
CROCK EY, s. A little Scotch cow. North. 
CROFT, s. [Sax.] A small common field. 

Norf. 

A small inclosure, larger than a yard, and 

smaller than a field. North. 

A small piece of pasture land near to a 

house. Hants, 

CROME, s. [Crom. Belg. aclaw.] A crook, 

a staff with a hook at one end to drag 



40 



CRO. 



CRO. 



weeds out of a pood or ditch. Dung- 
crome is a crooked fork to draw dong out 
of a cart. 
Nui-crome is a nut hook. Norf. Essex, 

7b CROME, V n. To draw with a crome. 

Sorf. Essex, 

CROMMED, part, pass, fCrammed.] Crowd- 
ed. York. 

CROMMER5 s, [To cram; crammer.J A 
lie. Waruoidt, 

CRONES, s. [Krooie, Belg.] Old ewes who 
have lost their teeth. ^ South. 

CRONK, s. Croakiog; the noise of a raven. 

NoHh, 

CKOH^Kl^Oy part. act. Croaking. Ditto. 

Perching. DUto, 

To CROODLE, v. n. fCruth, Sax. a crowd.] 
To lie close and snug, as pigs or poppies 
in the straw. NorK 8uff, 

CROOK-LUG, s. [Crook, and to lug, to 
pull.] A long pole with a hook at [the 
end of \i, used for pulling down dead 
branches of trees. Gloucester. 

CROOK, s. A disease, attacking the necks 
and limbs of sheep, causing the neck to 
be crooked. Craoen. 

To CROON, V. n. [Kreunen, Belg.] To 
roar like a bull. Craven. 

CROOPY, 04/. [Kropa, Belg. to make a 
great noise.] Hoarse. Craven, 

CROP,s. [Crop, Sax. the stomach.] A 
joint of pork, commonly called a spare- 
rib. Norf, Suff. 

ToCROPE, v,n. [To grope.] To creep 
slowly and heavily. Norf, Suff, 

CnOPPEfi, part. pass. Crept. York. 

CROSS-EYE^f. That sort of squint in 
which both eyes turn towards the nose. 

Norf, 

CROSS-GRAINED, adj. Ill-tempered; 
wood, the grain of which is not straight, 
is worked with difficulty. Hants. Suss. 

CROSS-PATCH, s. An ill-tempered person ; 
patch being a word of contempt , from 
patches on a garment, shewing it is old 
and worn. Norf, Suff. East Sussex, 

CROTCH, «. [Croce, Ital. a cross.] The 
meeting of two arms of a tree, or of the 
limbs of the human body below the waist. 

Norf Suff, 

A staff under the arm to support a lame 

person. Norf. Suff. 

CROTCHED, adj. Cross ; peevish ; per- 
verse. Norf Suff. 

CROTCH-ROOM, s. The length of the 
lower limbs; one who has long legs is 
said to have plenty of crotch-room. Norf. 

Suff, 

CROTCH-STICK,*. A crotch Norf. Suff. 

CROTCH.TROLLING,«. A peculiar me- 
thod of angling for pike ; a crotch>stick 
being used to throw the bail to some dis- 
tance in the water instead of a rod. Norf, 

Suff. 

CROTCIl-TAILy «. A Kite. GroseA 



To C ROUSE, V. n. To catterwaul. To 

provoke. Norf. 

GROUSE, adj. [Carouse.] Brisk, lively, 

Bailey. 

CROWDY, s. Meal and water, sometimes 

mixed with milk. Craven. 

Meal thickens, alias crowds, the water or 

milk, 

CROWD,*. Aflddle. Somerset. 

To CROWD, V. n. To wheel in a barrow. 

Norf. 
CROWD-BARROW, *. A common wheel- 
barrow. Norf. 
CROWDLING, adj. Slow, dull^ sickly. 

NoHh. 

Perhaps curdling, a dull person's blood 

circulating very slowly, as though 

curdled. 

CROWDY-PIE, an APPLE-CROWDY, *. 

A turn-over pie. E. Suss. Kent. 

CROW-KEEPER, *. A boy employed to 

scare the crows or rooks from newly 

sown corn. Norf. Suff, 

Crow- tender. Suss. Hants. 

CROW-TIME, s. Evening, when rooks and 

crows fly from their food to their roosting 

places. Norf. Suff, 

GRUB, CRUBBIN, s. Food, particularly 

bread and cheese. Somerset, 

GRUB, or CROUST, s. A crust of bread 

or rind of cheese. Exmoor, Somerset, 

In Hampshire, Sussex, and Kent, we have 

the word *' Grub," signifying food of 

any kind. Now in Somersetshire it 

seems to imply something hard and dry, 

as crust of bread, or rind of cheese. In 

Kent and E, Sussex, they use the word 

'* crip," or *' crup," for crisp, dry, and a 

crust of bread and rind of cheese is crisp 

and dry. Hence we have crisp, crip, 

crup, crub, grub. 

CRUCHET, *. [See cowshut] NoHh. 

To CRUDDLE, v. n. [Kruyden, Belg. to 

thicken.] To curdle. Crixven. 

To C RUDDLE, v, n. To stoop. Craven, 

CRUMBLES, s. [To crumble.] Crumbs. 

Norf, Suff, 

CRUMMY, adj. Fat, fleshy, a crummy 

dame is one that is fat, and hence soft, as 

opposed to crust which is hard. North, 

South. 
To CRUMP, e. a. To eat any thing brittle 
or crisp Norf. Suff, 

CRUMP-CRUMPY, a4/. Brittle, dry. 
baked. Norf, Suff. 

C RUM PUN, s. A diminutive and mis- 
shapen apple. A deformed person. Norf, 

Suff, 

In Hampshire we use the Terb " To 

■crump,*' and the substantive " scramp* 

ling," corruptions of the above, all of 

which as Mr Forby says, are derive 

from '^Krimpan,*' Tout. To contract, 

or '' crump," Ang. Sax. crooked. 

CRUMP, s. JCramp, Sax. crooked.] The 

cremp. 



CRU. 



CUL. 



41 



CRUMP, adj. Oat of temper. licrth. 
To CRUMPLE, V. a. To ruffle, to rample. 

NoHh. South, 

To CRUNE. V. n. [See Croon.] North. 

To CRUNKLE, v. a. [Kroncbeleo, Teut. 

to wrinkle.] To rumple. Norf. Svff. 

North. 

CRUP, adj. Crisp. Also short, snappish 

or surly in conversation. Kent. E, Siutex, 

[See crub.] 

CRUSH, CRUSTLE, s. Giistle, being 

easily crushed between the teeth. Norf. 

Crastle is used in E. Sussex. 

CRUSTY, a4f. Cross, ill-tempered, harsh 

or hard as cmst is. Hants, Sussex, 

CRUTCH, s. [See Cratch.] Worcester, 

To CRUTTLE> v. n. [See Cruddle.] NoHh. 

CUB, s. A crib for cattle. Ghuc. 

CUBBY-HOLE, s. [Cutty, Scotch, short 

small.] A snug confined place. Somerset. 

CUCKOO-BALL, s. A light ball made of 

party coloured rags for young children. 

Norf. Suff. 
CUCKOO-FLOWER, s. [Orchis Mascula 
vel Morio.] Norf. Svff. 

CUCKOO-SPIT, s. The fine white froth 
on growing plants, which covers the 
delicate little larva of the cicada spumans. 
Sometimes called frog or toad-spit. 

Norf. Suff, 
Toad-spittle. Sussex. Hants. 

CUCKOLD^ «• The plant, Burdock. 

Somerset. 
CUDDIAN,«. [See cutty.] A wren. Devon. 
To CUDDLE, V. a. [Cadeler^ Fr. old.] 

To embrace. Oraven. 

To CUDDLE, V. n. [Cadeler, Fr. old.] 
To lie close to another. Sussex, Hants. 

To hug, to fondle. Norf. Suff, 

Cuddegl. Belg. 
CUFF, «. [Chuff.] An old fellow. Midd. 
To CUFF, V. a. [Zuffa, Ital. a cuff, a blow.] 
To cuffa tale, is to exchange stories, as if 
contending for the mastery ; or to canvas 
a story between one another. Somerset, 
To CULL, V. n» To take bold round the 
neck with the arms. Somerset, This is a 
corruption of "To coil." 
CULCH, 8, Thick dregs or sediment. 

Norf. St^. 
Lumber, stuff, rubbish. Kent. 

To CULL, V. a. [Cueillir, Fr. to cull; to 
gather.] 

To pick and choose, generally meant to 

taKe away the worst part of any thing. 

Kent, B, Sustex. Hence comes 

CULLERS, s, ^The worst sheep taken out 

CULLSy i from a flock , o r a lot offe red 

r for sale. Kent, E. Sussex. 

/Thus ^'culch** above may 

% have the same origin, being 

^the refuse. 

CULL, s. A small fish with a great head, 

found under stones in rivulets^ called also 

ball-head. Glouc, 



CULP, e, [Colpo, Ital. a blow.] A hard 

and heavy blow. Norf. Suff* 

CULPIT, s. A large lump of any thing. 

Norf. Suff. 

Tb CULVER, V. n. To beat and throb in 

the flesh, as a sore does when advancing 

towards suppuration. Norf Suff, 

CULVER-HEADED, adj. Soft-headed. 

Norf Si<^. 

Probably from colfre. Sax. a pigeon, that 

is pigeon-headed, pigeons not being par* 

ticolarly remarkable for sagacity* 

CULVERT, s. [Kul. Belg. an arch. Verto, 

Lat. to turn.] A drain or small arch. 

Craven, 
CULVERS^ s. [Culfre, Sax.] Pigeons, 

Somerset, 

CULVER-KEYS, s. The bunches of pods, 

which contain the seeds of the ash-tree. 

Kent. 

CUMBLED, part. pass. [Combler, Fr. to 

heap up.] Oppressed, cramped, stiffened 

with cold. Norf, Stff, 

CUMBLY-COLD, adj. Intensely cold, 

applied to weather. Norf. Stff, 

CUMBER, s. [Kombeun, Belg. to disturb.] 

Trouble. North, 

To CUN or CON« v, a. To give thanks. 

South* 
CUNLIFF, s. A conduit. Craven. 

CUNNIFFLING, adj. [Cunning.] Dis- 
sembling, flattering. Somerset, 

CUNNING-MAN, s. A conjurer ; one pro- 
fessing to discover stolen goods by a 
knowledge of astrology. Hants, Sussex, 

Kent, 
CUPALO, s. A smelting house. Derby. 
CUPBOARD-HEAD, s. A stupid fellow. 

Norf. St^, 
CUP OF SNEEZE, s. A pinch of snuff. 

North. 

CUP-ROSE, s. [See cop-rose.] North, 

CUSHION-MAN, s. The chairman at the 

quarter sessions $ he sitting on a cushion. 

Norf. Suff. 

CUSHETS, s. [Kuyshuyt, Belg.] Wild 

pigeons. York, 

CUSHIA, s, Heracleum spondylium. The 

Cow-parsnip. North* 

CUSTARD, s. The schoolmaster's ferula, 

or a slap on the flat of the hand. Norf. 



^^1' '• I [Cos, Welch.] A kiss. Craven, 

CUT, aey. Drunk, or more properly, just a 
little fresh from liquor. Sussex, 

To CUT-YOUR.STICK. To be off, to be 
gone. JVarw, 

CUT-AND-RUN. This phrase has the same 
meaning; in E. Sussex. 

CUTE, a4;. Sharp, clever. In very general 
use. Forby derives it from '* Cuth" Ang. 
Sax. expert. It may be a corruption or 
an abbreviation of " Acute.** Suss. Ches. 

CUTELY, adv. [Acute.] Sensibly, acutely. 

Craven. 

V 

F. 



42 



CUT. 



DAG. 



CUTHA, V. Qnoth-he. Norf. 8^f. \ 

Found in Shakespeare. 
To CUTTER, o. a. To fondle; to make 
much of. Grose. 

To whisper. North* 

CUTTERINO, pari, act. Talking low and pri- 
vately. [Kuttern. Oerm,] 
CUTTY, adj. [Scotch, Bums in his Tarn 
0*Shanter has '' Well loup'd * Cutty* 
Sark/' 

Small, diminutiye. Somersei. 

CUTTY, 8. '\A wren. Somerset. 

CUTTY-WREN, / In Hampshire bo js call 

>a wren, a little scut- 
i wren, evidently a cor- 
Jruption of cutty. 
CYPIIEL, s. The house-leck. North. 



D. 



DAB, s. [Dabben, Dutch, to daub.] A blow, 

generally. North. South, More properly 

it means a blow given with something 

moist, as with a wet cloth. 

DAB, s. [Adept, Grose.] A person who 

is expert at doing any thing. Common. 

Master of his business. Craven^ 

A small quantity. North, South. 

DABBIT, s, A small quantity, less than a 

Dab. CUoue. 

DABBY, adj. [Dabben^ Du.] Moist and 

somewhat adhesive. Norf. Suff. 

DABS, s. Dibbles. [Dippan. Sax. to dip.] 

Norf, Suff, 
DABBING, part. ad. Dibbling, setting 
plants with a dibber or setting-stick . 

Norf. 
DACIAN, s. A vessel used for holding the 
sour oat-cake. £hrbv, 

DAC1TY,«. [Audacity,] Sharpness, hardi- 
ness. North, 
To DACKER, v. n. [Ducken, Sax. to dip.] 
To waver, to stagger. lAnc. 
DACKER, adj. [Ducken, Sax. to dip.] 
Uncertain^ unsettled, as applied to 
weather. North. 
DAD, 8. [Dab.] A lump. North. 
DADACKY, a4J. Rotten. Berks. 
DADDICK, 8. Rotten-wood. Somerset. 
DADDICKY, adj. Rotten. SomersH. 
DADDOCK, 8. Rotten-wood; touchwood. 

Ghuc. 

[Daudor, Isl. dead.] 

ToDADDLE, V, n. To walk unsteadily, 

like a child. To waddle. North. 

To do any thing imperfectly. York. 

To go to work very slowly about any 

thing, pronounced *' Daudle." Hants. 

Forby thinks very fairly that this word 

comes from ** Waddle." 

To DAFF, r, a. [Dofwa, Goth, to stupify, 

Ich Darf. Germ. I dare.] To daunt. 

North. 
DAFT, adj. Fearful, timid. Craven. 



DAFFOCK, 8. A dirty man or woman. 

Bailey. 

A slattern. North. 

DAG, s. [Daeg, Isl. a shower.] Dew. Norf. 

Suff. 
To DAG, V. a. To bedew. IHUo. 

DAG OF RAIN, s, A slight misty shower. 

J}Uto. 
DAGGY, adj. Dewy. DUto. 

To DAGGLE. To bemire. Craven. 

To DAG, V. fi. To run thick. North. 

To DAG, V. a. To cut the dirty locks of 
wool from sheep's tails. Bailey. 

To tag. Hants. 

DAG-LOCKS, 8, Wool so cut off. Bailey. 
7b DAGGLE. [See daddle.] Devon. 

DAI ROUS, adj. [To dare.] Bold. Devon. 
DAKER, 8. A dispute. North. 

DAKER-HENy s. The land-rail. Craven. 
DALLOP, 8, A patch of ground among 
growing com, which the plough has 
missed. Rank-tufts of growing corn, where 
dung heaps have lain. Norf. Suff. Essex. 
A parcel of smuggled tea, varying in quan- 
tity from six to sixteen pounds, and per- 
haps more or less. Norf. Kent. Suss. 
DALLOP, s. A clumsy and shapeless lump 
of any thing tumbled about in the hands. 

Norf. Suff. 

To DALLOP, V. a. To paw, toss or tumble 

about carelessly. Norf. Suff. 

Both Grose and Forby have this word 

*' Dallop,*' but neither of them offers 

any etymology for it. On reference to 

Penning, I flad <* Dole** from << Dal,** 

Sax. Delttn, to divide into shares, and 

he gives ** Dole," in husbandry, a void 

space left in tillage. Hence also 

DALY or DOWLY, adj. Lonely, solitary, 

alone or separated as it were from others. 

North, 
DALLOP, s. Patches or comers of grass 
or weeds among com. Bailey. 

DALLOP, s. [Trollop.] A slattern. Norf. 
DAM, s. A small Indian corn ; whence 
comes the saying " I don't care a dam for 
you," that is I don't value you a farthing, 
and not as generally given, " I don't care 
a damn" or a ** curse for you." 
DAMPER, s. A luncheon; because it 
damps or checks the appetite. 
Anything said or done to check another 
in his words or actions. Hants, 

DAME, 8. [Dame, Fr. a Lady.] 
Formerly an appellation of honour and 
distinction given to Ladies, and still 
used I believe in that sense in legal wri- 
tings relating to women of rank and 
title ; but otherwise in common use 
only applied to women of inferior con- 
dition. In Somersetshire it is given to 
a farmer's wife, or to a village school- 
mistress. In Norfolk, Sussex, and 
Hampshire only to the wives of labour- 
ing men, and particularly to tho«e in the 
country employed in agriculture. 



DAN. 



DAZ. 



43 



DANCES, ». Statates. Bailey. 

DANDIPRAT^ t. [Daodio, Fr. A ninny.] 
A dwarf. Fenn. Craven. 

To DANG» «• a. [Ding-am, Gael.] To throw. 

Fewn* Craxfen* 

DANGUS, i. [From to dangle, to hang 
loose.] A slattern. Grose, 

DANNAT, 8, A bad person ; an idle girl. 

NoHh. 
Is not this a corruption of " Do naught ?^ 

DANNOGKS or DARNOCKS, t. [Dorneck, 
dan.] 
Hedging-gloves. Norf, 

DANSEY-UEADCp, adj. Giddj, thought- 
less. Persons growing giddy from danc- 
ing sometimes. North. 

To DAP, V. n. [To do up.] To hop; to 
rebound. 

DAP, «. [Dip.] A hop ; a turn. 

DAPS, 9. To know the daps of a person, 
is to know his habits, bis disposition; 
his ''dip" as it were, in the same sense 
as mariner's speak of the " dip'* of the 
needle. Somerset, 

DAPSTER, «. [Adept.] A proficient; 
hence dab, dabster. Somerset. 

DAP, aey. Fledged, as young birds in the 
nest. North, 

DAPSE, s. Likeness, resemblance to one 
in shape and manner. fFest. 

Probably from to "adapt,** to make one 
thing correspond with another. 

To DARE, V, a. To pain, to grieve. Essex, 

To DARK, V. n. To hearken secretly, to 
learn how the opinion goes^so as to be able 
to govern a bet. Norths To be in the 
dark, unseen. 

DARKS, «. A word used by sailors, but 
more particularly by smugglers, to signify 
those nights when the moon does not 
appear, and which are consequently 
favourable for smuggling. E,8uss. Kent, 

DARNICK,5. Linsey woolsey. NoHh. 

DARK-HOUR, s. The evening twilight. 

Norf- 
To DASH, V, a. To abash, to make a person 
ashamed and thus thrown off his guard, 
as though dashed aside with a blow. 

Norf, Suff. 
DAUBING, part. act. Plastering with clay. 

Novf. 

DAUBY, adj. Clammy, sticky ; spoken of 

land when wet. Norf. 

To DAVE, V. a. To assuage, mitinite, 

relieve. North. 

To DAVERy V. n. To fade like a flower. 

De9on, Somerset, 

DAUBER, s. A plasterer. Norf. Craven, 

To DAUDLE, v. n. To trifle. Craxen, 

To go lazily about any thing. To drawl. 

Hanls, 

DAWLED, part. pan. [Drawl.] Tired. Crav. 

To DAUNT, V. a. [Dompter, Fr. to subdue.] 

To stun; to knock down. Norf, Suf, 

DAUZY, DAUZY-HEADED, «</. Dizzy; 

confused, bewildered, thoughtless. Ditto. 



To DAZE, DAZLE, DAURE, v. a. To 
dazzle ; to stun. Norf, Suff. 

From Dioces. Sax. To overpower with 
too much light. 

DAVISON, s. A species of wild plum, 
superior to the bullice. Somerset* 

To DAW or DOW, v. n. [Daver, Germ, 
strength. Dawen, Teut.] 
To thrive; to mend ; to recover. North. 

To DAW, V. a. To rouse or awaken one 
from a sound sleep. North, 

DAW, at^f, Doughy, under baked. North. 
[Dab, Sax. Dough.] 

DAWDS, 8. Pieces. " To rive aw-a-dawds.^ 
To tear all to pieces. Qrose, 

DAWGGS, DAWKIN, s, [Daag. Sax. To 
hang loose. To dag or draggle.] 
A slattern. A dirty woman* North. 

DAWRES, 8. A slattern. Ghuc. 

DAWKINGLY-WISE, ati^. Wise in one's 
own opinion ; frona Dawkes, loosely, that 
is not really solidly wise. North. 

To DAUNTLE, v. a. To fondle. North. 
[Dandelen, Belg. To be too fond.] 

DAYMAN. A labourer hired by the day 
so called to distinguish him from one 
hired bv the month or the year. Norf. 

DAY'S-MAN, 8. An arbitrator or umpire, 
probably from being paid so much a day^ 
while employed. North, 

DAY-TALE or DATILE-MAN, «. •> A day 

DAYTAL. Slabour- 

jeT,York. 
[Day and Talan, Sax. to count; a day 
labourer reckoning by the day.] 

DAZED, adJ, Of a dun colour. North. 

DAZED-BREAD, ac^. Dough-baked bread. 
Dazed meat ; illroasted from the badness 
of the fife. A dazed look, said of persons 
who have been friehtened ' I am dazed.' 
I am very cold, rforth, [Dah. Sax. it 
dough ; heavy, dough-baken bread is 

Knerally of a darker colour then well- 
ked bread. Illroasted meat is soft and 
* paddy.* A frightened person looks pale, 
and so does one that is very cold. This 
is my conjecture, I leave it to others to 
correct it, if wrong.] 
DEAD-HORSE, s. To work for a dead 
horse, is to labour for wages already re- 
ceived. Craven, Sussex. Hants, 
DEAF, adj. Blasted, barren. Unproduc- 
tive, whether applied to land or com. 
From dauf. [Barren.} Germ. North. 
Rotten, as a " Deaf-nut," a decayed nut. 

North, 

DEAFELY, du(/. Lonely, solitary, far from 

neighbours. North, 

DEAM, 8, [Deadian, Sax. To die, hence 

more properly comes to " dee" Scotch.] 

An undescribed disorder fatal to children. 

North, 

DEA-NETTLl^, t. Wild hemp. DUto. 

In the South called dead-nettle, from its 

not stinging when touched. [To dee, 

Sc. to die.] 



44 



D£A. 



DEL. 



DEAL-TREE, s. The fir-tree^ that produc- 
ing deals. Norf, Suff. 

D£AL-APPLES> «. The conical fruit of 
the fir-tree. NorfJlSuff, In Sussex and 
Hampshire they are called fir-apples. 
[(Epple, Sax. meaning any round fruit.] 

DEAN, 8, [Den. Sax. a hollow place.] A 
valley. North, Frequently applied to 
places [names to signify their situation ; 

'• thus on the South Downs in Sussex, we 
find Rottingdean, Roedean, Westdean, all 
villages lying in the hollows between the 
hills. 

DEARED, part, pass. Hurried, frightened, 
stunned. 2 Somerset, 

DEARN, a(^*. Lonely. i Grose, 

[Dyrnan, Sax. to hide.] 

DEkRY, adj. Little. North. From dear, 
** deary" being generally used as a word 
of fondness towards a little child. South. 

DEATHSMEAR, s. A disease fatal to 

I children ; not meaning any in particular* 

I but used to imply that a child is in a 

dying slate ; having the cold, clammy 

touch of death upon it. 

DECHED, adj. Foul ; as '* the scythe is so 
deched, I can't sharpen it.*' Warw. 

To DECK, 9. a. To select for the purpose 
of casting away ; to discard. North, 

DEES, HERRING-DEES, s. A place in 
which herrings are dried ; now more ge- 
nerally called a herring-hang, from the 
fish being hanged on sticks to dry. East 

Sussex, 

To DEE, o. n. [Deadian, Sax.] To die. 

No7^h. 

DEEfS, [Di,Fr.vendredi,] Day. Des'ork, days- 
work ; to dee, to day. E, Suss. 

DEE,<. [D^, Fr.] A die. Norf, Suff, 

To DEEAVE, v. a. To stun with a noise. 

NoHh, 

DEEA VELY, adj. Lovely. North, Is this 
from duve. Sax. a dove; dovely, gentle 
as a dove ? 

DEED,*. Doings. <' Sad deed; sad do- 
ings.** Ncnih. 

DEEDY, adj. Industrious ; notable. Berk, 

Grose. 
Jn Hampshire it means intent on anything ; 
that is the person employed is in earnest; 
he works in ''deed." 

DEET, adj. KDiet, Isl. dirt.] Dirtied. 

DEIGHT, S Craven. 

DEETING, ody. Smearing; plastering the 
the stove of the oven's mouth to keep in 
the heat. 

To DEET, V. a. To wipe and make clean. 

Northm 

DEFT, adj. [Deftig, Belg. d8efe,Sax. pretty.] 
decent. Craven, 

DEFTLY, adv. Decently; gently; pretty 
well. Craven. 

To DEG, V, a. [Daeg, Isl. 'a shower.] To 
wet ; to sprinkle. North, 

DEGG Y, a(j^'. [Daeg, Isl.] Foggy ; full of 
of small rain. Craven, 



DEGG-BOUND, adj. ^[Bowden. Scotch, 

/swollen] 
DEGG-BOWEDy >Cattle much swelled 



1 in the belly are said 
Jtobei 



degg- bowed. O. 

DEKE, or DIRE) s. [Diick Belg.] A ditch. 

Noi'f. Suff. 

DEKE-HOLL, DIKE-HOLL,«. A hollow 
or dry ditch. Norf. Suff, 

DELF-CASE, s. [Delft, a town in Flanders, 
famous for pottery, and case.] Shelves 
for crockery or delft-ware. Craven, 

DELF, s, [Delfan, Sax. to dig.] A deep 
ditch or drain. Noff, Suff, A piece of 
water. Kent. 

DELK, s. [Dell.] A small cavity either in 
the soil, in the fiesh, or any surface which 
ought to be quite level. Kent. 

DELL, s. [Dale, dal, Dntch.] A little dale. 

North. 
A low, hollow place; a pit. Hants. 

DELLFIN,#. [Delfon, Sax. to dig.] Alow 
place, overgrown with underwood. Glouc. 

DELLECT, *. I Day and Leicht, Teut. 
light.] Break of day. Craven. 

To DELVE, V a. [Delfan, Sax.] To indent; 
to bruise. North. 

DEM, s. [Dam. Belg.] A dam. Craven. 

DEM, s. A slut. Somerset. 

DENCH, adj. [Donch, Scotch.] Nice; 
squeamish. Craven. 

DENE, s. A din ; a great noise. Norf. Suff. 

DERE, adj. Dire ; sad. Norf, Stff. 

DERELY, adv. Direly ; sadly. Norf. Suff. 

DERSE,*. Havoc. [From dirt.] Craven. 

To DERSE, V. a. To dirty. DUto. 

DESPERD, flui/. [Corruption.] Desperate. 

Somerset. 

DESSABLY, a<fv. [Does ably.] Regularly. 

Craven. 

DESSES, 8, [Tassen, Belg. to gather.] Cut- 
tings, or trusses of hay. 

To DESSE, V. a. [Tassen, Belg. to gather.] 
To lay close together^ to pi Id up in 
order. North. 

DEWSIERS, s. Valves of a pig's heart, al- 
wajfs cutofif and thrown away. Wilts, 

To DEVE, V. n. To dive. Norf, Suff. 

DEVILIN, s. The species of swallow, called 
the swift. Norf. Suff, 

So called from it ugliness, Forby says. 

DEVING-POND, s. [Deve or dive.] A 
pond from which water is drawn for do- 
mestic use, by dipping a pail. Norf, 8t^. 

DEW-BEATERS, s. Coarse thick shoes 
which resist the dew. Norf. Suff. 

DEW-DRINK, s. The first allowance of 

beer to harvest men, before they begin 

their day's work. Norf Suff, 

In Hampshire this is called a dew-cup, or 

due-cup, either from Dew being taken 

while the dew is still on the ground ; 

or from Due, it being their due, right or 

perquisite. 

DEW-BERRIES, s. Rubus chamsemorus. 

Cloud-berries, a species of bkckberry. 

North. South. Norf, Somerset, 



DIB. 



DIL. 



45 



To DIB, V. n. [Dippan, Sax. to dip.] 

To dip ; to incliae. Craven. 

DIB, 8. A valley. Ditio. 

DiBBLE, 8» An inBtrument for plantiog. 

Craven. E, Susa. 

DIBBER, or DIBBLE, t. Ad instrument 
used in husbandry for making holes in the 
earthy in which to plant beans, Kt.E, Suss. 

To DIBBLE, V. n. To plant beans with a 
dibble or dibber. Kent* E. Sussex, 

DIBS, s. Money. Somerset. 

DIBS, s. The small bones in the knees of a 
sheep or lamb, uniting the bones above 
and below the joint. Five of these bones 
are used by boys, with which they play a 
game called *' Dibs*' in West Sussex. Are 
these words from'* dab" a small lump of 
anything ? 

DIBLES, «. [Diableries, Fr.] Difficulties ; 
embarrassments ; scrapes. Norf, Sv^. 

DICK, s. \ See deke or dike, deke or 

DICK.HOLL, Sdike-holl. Norf. Suff. 

Dick is used in Hants for ditch. 

To DIDDER, V. n. To shiver with cold. Nf. 
See to dither. 

DIDAL, <. A triangular spade as sharp as 
a knife, called also a dag-prick. Noff. 

Essex. Grose. 

To DIDDLE, V. a. To waste time in the 
merest trifling. Norf. St^ff". 

DIDDLES, DIDDUNGS, ». Young ducks, 
or sucking pigs. Norf. Suff, 

To DIDDLE, V, a. To cheat; to wheedle a 
person out of anything. Hants. Suss. 

(To wheedle?) 

To DIDLE, V. a. To clean the bottom of a 
river, Norf. Si^. 

DIDDLESOME, a^f. Half mad; sorely 
vexed. Somerset, 

DIFFICULTER, a^. More difficult.: Craven. 

DIG'ENCE, s. [g hard.] The devil; by some 
written *' Dickens.'^ ^ Dicky with him.*' 
Cra. *' It is all dicky with him." Hants. 
Suss. These terms imply it is all up with 
a person, or all over with him; he is 
bankrupt, he is ruined ; in common par- 
lance, he is gone to the devil; but how 
the devil came by this name I am unable 
to say. 

To DIGHT, V. a. [Diet, Island, dirt.] To 
foul or make dirty. Chesh. 

D1G> s. [Dyger, Belg. to di^.] A mattock. 
Yorhstwre, where to " dig^' implies using 
a mattock ; a spade. 

To DIG, V. a. To grave. Chesh. 

To DIGHT. V. a, [Dihtan* Sax. to prepare.] 
To clean or dress. 

"Dight the snivel from your neb,'* is Blow 
your nose. 

To dight corn is to cleanse it from the 
chaff by winnowing. Cumb. 

DIKE, s. [Diick, Belg.] A ditch. N. Sf Hants. 
A puddle or small pool of water. North. 

To DILL. V, a. [Dull.] To soothe; to blunt 
or silence pain or sound. North, 

DILLlNGi s, A darling or favourite child. 

South, Grose, 



DILLlS, 9. The paps of a sow. Norf. Suff, 

(Dylla-a, Isl. to soothe.) 

DILDRAMS, s. Strange tales. To tell 

dildramsy is to talk strangely. kVest. 

Tol DILT, orDIT, v. a, [Dyttan, Sax. to 

shut.] To stop up. Craven. 

ToDlLVER, V. a. [Delven, Belg. to dig; 

to search out the root of anything.] To 

weary with labour or exercise. Norf. Suff. 

DIMMET, s. [Dim.] The dusk of the 

evening. Somerset. 

DIMSEL, s, A piece of stagnant water, 

larger than a pond and less than a lake. 

E. Sussex, 
DINCH-PICK, s. [Dineg, Sax. dung. Pick, 
a sharp instrument.] 

A three-grained fork, used for loading 
dung. Glotic, 

BINDER, s. [Dyn, Sax. a noise.] 

Thunder. Somerset. 

DINDEREX, s. A thunder bolt. Grose. 

To DINDLE, V. n. To reel or stagger. Grose. 

To DING, V. a. [Dringen, Teut. to dash 

down violently.] To throw down. Cra. 

To beat. North. 

To throw with a sling. Essex. 

To throw with a quick and hasty motion. 

To beat or knock repeatedly. Norf. Suff, 

To throw or dash against. Bailey. 

DING, <• A smart slap; particularly with 

the back of the hand. Norf, Suff. 

To DINGE, V, n. To rain mistily ; to drizzle. 

[Dingy, dark.] Norf. St^. 

DINGLE, «. [Dene, Sax. a valley.] A small 

valley between two hills. North. 

DINMANi s. A Scotch wedderof two years 

old. Craven, 

To DINNLE, V. n. [Tintelen, Belg.] 

To thrill ; to tingle. Craven. 

DIP, «. A sauce for dumplings, composed 
of melted butter, vinegar, and brown 
sugar. Norf. Suff, 

DIPNESS, «. [Deep.] Depth. Craven, 

D1RD,«. [Draed, Belg.] Thread. Somerset, 
To DIRL, V, n. [Twirl, from whirl-wirheleu, 
Belg.] To move quickly. Craven, 

DIRSH, s. [Drozd, Pol.] A thrush. Sam, 
Drush. Hants, 

DIRT-WEED, s. Chenopodium viride. 
Muck-weed; a weed growing on dung- 
hills or other heaps of dirt. Norf. Suff, 
DISH-CRADLE, or CREDLE,*. A wooden 
utensil used instead of a dish in the 
North of England. 
DISH-MEAT, s. Spoon-meat. Kent, 

DITING, *. [Dit, Fr. said.] Whispering- 

North. 

DITTEN, s. [Diet, Isl. Dirt.] Mortar used 

to stop up the oven. North, 

[Dyttan, Sax, to shut up.] 

To DITHER, or DIDDER, v, n. [Zittero, 

Teut.] To shake with cold. Craven. 

To DIZE, V, a, [Dihtan, Sax, to prepare.] 

to put tow on a distaff. BaMey, North. 

DIZENED, part. pass. Dressed. BaOey. 

North. 



46 



DOC. 



DOL. 



DO, s, A fete ; '*A fearful grand do." Cra. 
** A grand to^o/' Sussex, Hants, 

To DO, V, a, ** To do for*' is to ruin a per- 
^ son $ it also means to take care of any 
one, or to manage another's affairs, as an 
agent. Norf, Suff. Sussex, Hants, 

OOATED, part, pass, [Doten, Belg. to de- 
cay with age ] Decayed , rotten ; chiefly 
applied to old trees. Noif, 

To DOATER, v, n. [Doten, Belg.J To nod 
the head when sleep comes on, whilst one 
is sitting up.| fVest, 

DO AGE, €^J, [Daeg. Isl. a shower.] 

Wettish. North, 

To DOBBLE, v. a. [Oabben, Dutch.] To 

daub. Norf, 

DOBBY, 8. A fool; a childish old man; a 

sprite or apparition. North, 

DOCK, s, [Dock, a tail.] A, crupper to a 

saddle. North, Somerset, 

To DOCK, r. a. To cut off a horse's tail. 

Common. To trim the tail of a sheep. Nt. 

D0C1TY,«. [Doceo, Lat. to teach.] Do- 

cility ; quick comprehension. Ghuc. 

DOCKENS, $. [Docca, Sax.] Docks; a 

plant ; the nimex. North. 

DOCK, 8, The broad nether end of a felled 

tree. Norf, Suff, 

DOBBIN, 8. Sea gravel mixed with sand. 

East Stusex. 

DOCTOR of SKILL, «. A physician. Norf. 

Doctor of advice. Hants. fVest S%u8ex. 

DOOM AN, 8. A shell snail. Baiiey. 

Norf. SuJ. 
DODDED, adj. [Doe-head.] Without horns. 

Craven, 

DODDY, acy. Low in stature , a hoddy- 

doddy, a very short person. Norf. Stiff. 

Sussex, Hants, 

To DODD, V. a. To cut the wool from 

sheep's tails* North, 

DODDED-SUEEP, ac^i. Sheep without 

boms. North. 

DODDED, DODDERED, or DODDRED 

WHEAT, adj. [Doe-headed.] Red 

rr wheat without beards. North, 

DODGE, 8. A small lump of something I 

moist and thick, as of mortar, clay, &c, 

Norf. Suff. 
To DODGE, V. a. To incite. Craven. 

DOER, 8. An agent or manager for another. 

Norf. Suff. 

To DOFF, V, a. [To do off.] To putj off 

one*s dress. North. Somerset, 

DOGS,«. Brand irons for supporting the 

logs of wood on a fire. Norf. Suff. 

West Susses. Hants. 

So called from the top or ornamental part 

facing the room, sometimes having the 

head of a dog 'on it. 

DOG, 8. A toaster of wood or iron in the 

form of a dog. Craven* 

DOG'S GRASS, s. Cynosurus cristatus. So 

called because dogs eat the tops of it to 

; act as a vomit. Norf. Suss. Hants. 



DOG-TINKIL, «. Maitheweed. North. 

Adonis autumnali8,or anethum foemiculum. 

DOIL, 8. A delirium ; a wild inconsistent 

way of talking. West. 

DOKE, 8, \ [Dolg, Ang. Sax. a wound.] 

DOLK, 5 [Dilck, Belg. a ditch] 

A furrow. Essev. Norf. 

A flaw in a boy's marble. Norf» 

DOLE, 8, [Deelan, Ang. Sax. to divide or to 

distribute.] > A distribution of alms, in 

money, food, fuel, or clothing. Nf, oimb. 

Money given at a funeral. North, 

A boundary mark in an uninclosed field, 

oftentimes a post ; hence called a dole 

or dool post. Norf. 

A piece of land, an indefinite part of a 

field. NoHh. 

A long narrow slip of green turf in a field, 

having ploughed ground on either side 

of it. South. Grose. 

A parish boundary on the South Downs, 

being a small mound of earth. E. Suss, 

DOLING, 8. A fishing boat with two masts, 

each carrying a aprit-sail, E. Suss. Kent. 

To DOLLOUR, r. n. hTo abate, as the wind 

does. [Do lower i] See dullor. Kent. 

DOLLY-TUB, «• [Dolly, a woman's name.] 

A machine for washing. Craven. 

DOMEL, adj. [Dom, Belg. dull.] Stupid. 

Ghuc. 

DOME, DOOM, DUM, s. [Dun, Dan. soft 

feathers.] Down, as of rabbits or young 

fowls. Norf, 

TbDON, v.o* [To do on.] To put on one's 

dress. Sonierset* Glouc. York. 

DONNINS, «. Dress. Somerset. 

DONK, DONRY, adj. [Doncker, Belg. 

cloudy.] Wet; damp. North. Craven. 

DONCK, adj. Dainty ; over nice ia eating. 

Grose. 

DONNAT, ». [Do-naught.] An idle, good 

for nothing fellow j also a name for the 

devil. York. 

DOOR-CHECKS, «. [Door and check, a 

stop.] Door posts. Craven, 

DOOR-STAANS, «. [Door and stains, Goth. 

stone.] The threshold of the door. Cra. 

DOOR-STALL, s. [Dur-stodl, door-posts, 

Ang. Sax.] Door-post. Norf. Suff. 

DOORY, or DERRY, adj. [Corruption of 

dear, deary •] Very little; diminutive. 

York. 

DOOSE, adj. [Douce, Fr. soft; gentle.] 

Thrifty; careful; also cleanly, though 

coarsely clothed. North. 

DOP, 8. [Doppetan, Ang. Sax. mersare, Lat. 

to dip often.] 

A short quick curtsey. Norf, Stff, 

DOP-A'LOW, aty. Very short in stature, 

especially spoken of females. Norf, Suff, 

DOR, 8. [Dora, Ang. Sax. fucus, a drone.] 

A cock- chaffer. Norf. Suff. 

Dor, Tent, stupid. J^enning, 

DORDUMy 8, A loud, confused, riotous 

noise. North. 



DOS. 



DOW. 



47 



DORIS HMENT,». Hardship. North. 

[Durus, Lat. hard.] 
DORE-APPLE, a. [Pomme d'or Fr. golden 
apple.] A firm winter apple of a bright 
yellow colour. Norf, 

All-dore. West Suss, 

DORMER,!. A large beam. Norf. 

DORMER-WINDOW, *. A window made 
in the roof of a house. Hants, 

(Dormir, Fr. to sleep. The laige beam 
being the main one on which the others 
rest or sleep ; the window gives a light 
to an apartment, which is generally a 
a sleeping one.) 
DORNS, 8. Door-posts. Somerset, 

DOSOM, acy. [Query, do-some, or some- 
thing.] Healthy; thriving; applied to a 
beast that thrives on a little. Chesh, 

DOSK, DOSKY, a4f. [Duster, Teut] 

, Dark, dusky. Cranfen, 

DOSS, s. A hassock, used for kneeling on 
in church. Norf. 

DOSSES, «. [Dose, Germ, a small box or 
Dorsum, Lat. the back.] Panniers placed 
on a horse's back to carry fish in, more 
properly " Dorsel," or " Dorser,*' as Pen- 
ning has it. I E, Suss, 
To DOSS, 9. a. To attack with the horns, 
as a bull, a ram> or a he-goat. Norf, 
To DOTHER, v. n. To totter, or tremble. 

North. 
DOUBLERyf. -lA plate; an 

DOOTLER, DUBBLER, Searthen duh or 

3 platter. CunUf. 

North, 

T© DOUCH, r. n. [DiwtJ, Gr.afoll.] To 

bathe. Grose. 

To DOUSE, V. a. To dip any one in the 

water. Stusex. 

To DOUBLE, V, a. To clench ; << He doubled 

his kneaf." York* 

He doubled his fist. Sussex. Bants, 

The hand, when clenched, being folded or 

doubled. 

DOUDY, «. [Donda, Isl. an idle person.] 

A dirty woman ; a slattern. York. Sussex, 

HanU. 
DOUGH-FIG, s. A fig; jKi called, most pro- 
bably, from being soft as dough. Somerset, 
To DOUGH-UP, V. a. To stick together, 
as if with paste. Norf. Suff, 

To DOUK, o. n. I To bathe. Craven. 

To DOUSE, > [Doucan, Ang. Sax. duc- 

) ken, Belg.] 

To DUCK, 9. a. To dip one's own head, or 

that of another under water. Suss. HanU, 

To DOUT, «. a, [Do out.] To extinguish 

the light of a candle. Somerset, E.Suss, 

Gloue, 
DOUTERS, s. Instruments like snufiers, 
used for extinguishing a candle without 
cutting the wick. E, Suss, Olouc, 

DOUVEN, ». t [Dover. Sc.] 
DOVENING, ) A slumber. Craven. 

To DOVE, V, n. [Doawe. Belg. perspira- 
tion.] To thaw. Somenei, 



DOW,». [Dough, dah. Sax.] A cake. Cra. 

DOW, «. [Due, Dan..] A dove. Norf. Sujr. 

DOW-HOUSE, s, A dove house. Norf. Suf. 

To DOW. V. n. [Daver, Germ, strength.] 
to mend in health. See Daw. Norf. Sujf. 

DOWING,(wy. HeaTlhv. North. 

DOWD, adj. [Daudor," Isl. dead.] Flat ; 
dead ; spiritless. North, 

DOWL, ». [Welch.] The devil. Somerset, 

DOWLER, ». [Dough.] A dumpling. iVbr/. 

DOWLED, part. pass. [Perhaps devilled.] 
dead ; flat ; vapid ; spoken of liquor, con- 
sequently spoiled. North, 

DOWI^Y, adj. [Dule; sorrow; Dulvn, 
Welch.] Melancholy; lonely; sickly; 
pale. North. 

DOWELS, s. [Dells, dales.] Low marshes, 
in which the water lies in winter and wet 
seasons at Appledore, in Romney marsh. 

Kent. 

To DOWNARG, v a. To contradict in such 
a way, as to argue down one's opponent. 

Somerset, 

DOWN-BOUT, s. A hard set-to, as though 
persons were determined to sit down and 
have a good bout at drinking, or any 
other entertainment. Norf. Suff* 

DOWNFALL, s, A descent of rain, hail, or 
snow. Craven. Norf. S^ff, 

DOWN-COME, s. A fall of rain. Craven, 

DOWN-LYING, s. A woman's lying-in. 

Norf. 

DOWN-LYING, o^/. Said of a woman in 
travail. Norf* 

DOWN-LIGGING, s, [Down and liegen. 
Sax. to lie.] A lying-in. Craven. 

DOWN IN THE MOUTH, adj. Dejected ; 
unable to nse his mouth in speaking. 

Craven. South, 

DOWN-DINNER, «. An afternoon's lunch. 

North. 

DOWNDRINS, s. [Downdrinks.] After- 
noon drinkings. Derby, Bailey, 

DOWN-PINS, 5. Persons dead drunk, and 
hence unable to stand on their legs, vul- 
learly called pins. 

DOWNY, fl*'. Low-spirited. Norf,S^F. 

DOWSING, ^A good Dowsing," a good 
beating. . Bowsing was a great destroyer 
of Catholic images in (the time of the 
Puritans. See D*Israeli's Curiosities of 
Literature, Vol. I. 

DOWST,«. [Duwst, Sax.] Dust. Som. 

DOWSTY, ad> Dusty. Somerset. 

DOWSE, «• A blow; a dowse in the chops ; 
a blow in the face. North% South. 

To DOYLE, V, n. To squint. Glouc. 

This word comes probably from the French 
word '* CEil," the eye. 

DOYTCH-BACKS, s, [Ditch.] Fences. 

North. 

DOZAND, adj. Shrivelled. Ditto. 

DOZZINS, s. Com shaken out in carrying 

home the sheayes. North. 

This is also called *' durzed corn," the 

root of which may be Driselen, Teat. 



48 



DRA. 



DRA. 



to driizle, which sigoiflefl to fall in •mall 

alow drops, as grains of corn fall from 

the sheaves in carrying. 

DRAB, s, [Drebbe, Sax. dregs.] A dirty 

woman. Craven* Hants, 8tus. 

DRABBLED, o^;. Dirtied. Craxfeiu Norf. 

DRABBLE-TAIL, t. A slattern. Norf, 

DRAFFIT, «. pDraoght-ratJ A vessel to 

hold pot-liqnor and other refuse froai the 

kitchen for the pigs. Somerset, 

DRAGGING-TIME, s. The evening of a 

fair-day, when the young fellows pull the 

wenches about. Norf, S^ff. In E. Sussex 

this is called puUy-hawly-time. 

DRAFF, «. [Brewers' grains ; literally dregs.] 

what is left when the liquor is drawn or 

draughted off. Cumb, 

DRAINS, ». Grains from the mash-tub, 

through which the wort has been 

" drained." Norf, Si#. 

DRAIT, s, A team of horses with the 

wagon or cart. North, 

From draught or draw, the horses sufficient 

for diawmg the wagon or cart. 

DRANG, s, [Drain.] A narrow lane or 

passage. Devon, Somerset, 

DRANK, «. Lelium, peienne. North, 

Drake. 

DRA NT, s, [Drawn-out] A droning or 

drawling tone. Norf, Svff, 

To DRAUT, V. n. [Pronounced " Dniunt "] 

To drawl in speaking or reading. Norf, 

Suff, 
DRAPE, s. DREAP. [Drepen, Ang. Sax. 
To fail.] A barren cow whose milk is 
dried up. Craven, North, 

DRAPE-SHEEP, s. Bad sheep called out 
from the flock in consequence. BaUey, 
To DRATE or DREAP, DRITE, v. n. To 
drawl out one's words. North, 

DRAPS, 8, [To drop.] Fruit in an orchard. 
[Drap. Sc.] Dropping before it is fit to 
be gathered. Norf, Stiff. 

In Hampshire and Sussex called ''fallings." 
A certain portion of all fruit falls at 
Midsummer ; this is called the *^ Mid- 
summer Drop.** 
To DASH, V. a. To thresh. Somerset, 

DRASHEL, s. The threshold. A flaU. 

Somerset, 
DRASHER, s. A thresher. DUto, 

DRAWT, 8, The throat. DUto, 

All these words are formed by the substi- 
tuting of D. for Th. which is by no 
means uncommon, particularly when any 
foreign pronunciation is cencemed, as 
the French pronounce " The, De.'* That, 
"Dat" and so on. The Dutch have 
"Broder," *< Brother." *'De" for 
"The." If we take the Belgic, "Der- 
schen," for our etymon, instead of the 
Saxon, "Threscan,'' then Drash is as 
correct as Thrash." 
DRAUGHT, «. A team either of oxen or 
horses attached to a wagon, &c., sufficient 
. to draw it* North, 



DRAW, 8, A stratagem or artifice whereby 
a person is caught or drawn, as it were 
into a trap. Sussex, 

DRAW-BREECH, s. A lazy, filthy jade, 
the breech or lower extremity of whose 
dress, is drawn along throw the dirt and 
mire. PFest, 

DRAWK, s, ^Lolium perenne. Norf, 

DRAKE, s, >The common darnel grass. 

3 E, Sws. 

IbDRAWLATCH, v. [Drawl.] To be 
Tery tedious about any work. Hants, 

Norf. Si^, 

[A drawlatch was a thief, probably from 

creeping quietly about and drawing or 

lifting the- latch to gain admittance. 

See Jacob's Law Dictionary. 

DRAWLATCH, s, A tedious dawdling 
loiterer. Hants, Norf, Suff, 

DRAUGHT, 8, Sixty one pounds weight of 
wool, being one quarter of a pack which 
is 9401 bs., the odd pound b^ing allowed 
to the buyer, for the turn of the scale. 
When the quantity of wool in the scale 
amounts to 61 lbs., it is taken or drawn 
from it, hence the quantity is probably 
called a drausht. 

DRAZIL-DROZZLE,». A dirty sluU Hants, 

South, 

To DREAN, V, n, [Perhaps corrupted from 
to drain, to draw off liquor slowly and 
gradually*] To drawl in reading or 
speaking. • Somerset, 

DREAN, «. A drawling in reading or speak- 
ing. Ditto. 

DREAD, 8, [Draed, Belg.] Thread. DUto. 

DREAM-HOLES, s, 1 he openings left in 
the walls of steeples, towers, barns, &c., 
for the admission of light. Glouc, 

DREJ)GE, s, A mixture of oats and barley 
now very little sown. Norf, Essex. Hants. 

Sussex, 

DREDGE, s. [Dragen, Sax. to drag.] A 
quantity of bushes, chiefly of thorn, bound 
together, and drawn over meadows for the 
purpose of pulverising dung or mould, 
which has been carried on them ; called 
also a bush-barrow. Hants, Suss. 

To DREE, V, n« [Dreogan, Ang. Sax. to 
undeigo. To dreg on.] 
To bold out. To be able to walk and 
arrive at. North. 

DREE, adj, [Drig. ^Goth, Long.] Long, 
tedious. 

DREE, s. A hard bargainer; one who is 
a long time before he strikes a bargain. 

North. 

DREED, part, pass. Arrived at. North. 

DREE, adJ, Three. Somerset. 

See drawt and observations thpreon. 

To DREPE, V. n. [Drypan, Ang. Sax. To 
drip.] To dribble or drip. Norf. Suff, 

DREPING-WET, adj. So wet that the 
water drips from one's dress. Norf. 

sir. 

Dripping-wet. HeuUs. Sum. 



DRE. 



DRO. 



49 



DREY, s. A iqainrers nest ; alao called a 
Dodge. fV* Sussex, HanU. 

DRIB, «• [Dripan, Sax. to drop.] A 
driblet, a very small quantity of any thing. 

£. 8U88. 

DRIBBLE, ff. A laborious and diligent 
servant, attending to the most minute 
parts or driblets, as it were» of his work. 

North. 

To DRILUON, V. a. To decoy or flatter 
a man into any thing ; also to amuse with 
delays. South, Grose, 

Perhaps from draw-on or drawl. 

DRINDLE, s, [Dimin, of Drain.] A small 
channel to carry off water. Norf. Suff, 

To DRING, V. a. [Thringan, Sax. to throng.] 
To press, as in a crowd ; to thrust. 

Somefsel, 

DRIN6ET, s, A crowd ; a throng. DiUo, 

To DRINGLE, r. a. To waste time in a 
lazy lingering manner. 

DRINKINGS,«. Afternoon repast. Craven, 

A refreshment between meals both in the 

morning and evening. Kent. 

To DRO, V. a. To throw. Somerset. 

DRODE, part, pais. Thrown. SomersH, 

DRODDUM, s. The breech. North, 

DROITS, s, [Droit. French.] RighU. Kent, 

DROKE, ff. Darnel. North, 

To DROLL» V. €1. To put off. To amuse 
with excuses ; playing the Droll and 
making a fool of a person. Norf, S^f, 

To DROPE, e. n. [Dropian, Ang. Sax. to 
distil, to melt.] To run down as wax or 

St taliow from the candle; or perspiration 
down the face. Norf, 8^, 

DROP-DRY, adj. Water-tight, not admit- 
ting a single drop. North, 

DROPE, ff. A crow. York, May this be 
from ^'Droef, Belg. sorrow, whence 
comes to droop, to hang the bead with 
sorrow. The croaking of a raven (if not 
of a crow) was always in the olden days 

( of superatitioD considered a bad omeni 
a prognostic of sorrow. 

To DROOL, 9, n. [Drawl.] To drivel. 

Somerset. 

To DROU or DROW, v, a. [Droogh, Belg. 
hard.] 

To DROWY. To dry, as " the hay does not 
drowy at all." Somerset. 

DROWTH, ff. Dryness, thirst. Somerset. 

Hants. 

DRYTH, ff. Thirst, " Squench your drvth," 
*' quench your thirst." Hants, 

DROWTHY, a4i. Dry, thirsty. Somerset, 

Hants, 

DROVE, ff. A road through a farm, lead- 
ing to different fields. Someneif Bants, 
W, Sussex, Also a road from one village 
to another. [Drive; cattle being driven 
on it.] Somerset, 

DROUGHT, ff. The passage, through which 
things are drawn. fVtst, 

DROWNINO-BRIDGE, ff. A pen stock for 
overflowing meadows. _ fVUts, 



DVLOWYfOdf. Itchy, scabby, k)usy. Norf. 

Suff. 

[Drof. Aug. Sax. Coenosus, Lat. filthy.] 

To DROZE,. V. a, [Derschen, Belg. to drash. 

Somerset. 

To beat very severely. Norf, Suff. 

DR021NGS, ff. A hearty drubbing. Norf. 



DROZEN, ^a4i. Fond. Bailey. 

To DRUB, V, n, [Druben,Dan. to kill.] To 
throb, to beat. Somerset, 

To DRUCK, V, a. To thrust down ; to cram, 
to press. Somerset, 

DRUG, ff. [Dragan, Sax. to draw.] A 
strong carriage with four wheels for con- 
veying heavy loads of timber. Norf, Suff. 
DRUG, ff.. [Drogg, Isl. a dreg.] A thing of 
little value ; not wanted or sought after; 
as hay is quite a drug ; that is, there is 
no sale for it. JS, Sussex. 

DRUMBL£DRAN£,ff. A drone ; a humble 
bee. Somerset. 

Dumbledore. Hemts, 

[Dromme, Dan. a drum from the noise it 
makes.] 
DRUMMOCK, s. Meal and water mixed 
raw. North. 

DRUVE, ff. A mtiddy river. Cumb, 

DROVE-DRIVEN, when the waters are 

driven by storms they become muddy. 

DUB, DUBBED, DUBBY, aeif. Blunt, not 

pointed. SowMrset, Hants, Sussex, 

DUB, ff. [Diep. Sax. deep.] A pool of 

water. The sea. Craven* 

Perhaps " Dobbin*' (which see) should be 

written ''Dubbin," materials in dub, 

that is, in the sea. 

DUBS, ff. Flat pieces of lead, round, used 

by boys to gamble with. K, Swkx, 

[Prom Dubbed, blunt.] Money. DUto. 

DUBBIN, ff. Suet. Somerset. 

DUBBIN OF DRINK, ff. A pint of beer. 

Wilts. 
^ Dobbin of ale," a small mug of ale. 

HanU. 

To DUCK, V* n. To dive in the water, as a 

duck does. Somerset^ Hants. 

DUDDS, ff. Rags. [Dud. Gael.] North, 

Clothes. fFest, South. 

Grose says ** a square in Stirbitch fair, 

where linen cloth is sold, u called the 

Duddery." See Gent. Mag. May 1784. 

To DUDDLE-UP, r. a, [Huddle, see Duggle.] 

To cover up closely and warmly. Norf. 

Suff. 
DUDDLED, mxrt. pass. Coddled, over- 
boiled. " Duddleid liquor,*' is liquor that 
is flat and dead. Norf, S%^, 

[Dood, Belg. dead.] 
To DUDOER, V. a. [Dood, Belg. dead.] 
To deafen with noise ; to render the head 
confused. Somerset, 

DUDGE, ff. A barrel. mits. 

DUDMAN, >. [Dudds, rags and Man.] 
A scarecrow , a ragged fellow. fFest. 

To DUFFE, V. a. [To do off.] To daunt, 

G. 



50 



DUG. 



DUS. 



to frighten a person so as to make him 
go away ; when one may be said to do off 
the other. 

To DUGGLE; v.n. [Dugle^ Ang. Sax. con- 
cealed.] To lie snug and close together 
as pi^sor puppies. Norf, Suff, 

DUGGED or DUDDED^ adj. [Dudds, rags.] 
Draggle-tailed. Somerset, 

DULE, s. The Devil. Craven, 

DULLOR, t, [Dolor, Lat.J A dull, moan- 
ing sound ; or the tune of some doleful 
ditty. Norf. Suff, 

DUMB-FOUNDED, part, pasn. Silenced, 
stupified ; struck dumb with fear or con- 
fusion. Hants, Swsex. 

DUMP, s. [Dom. Belg. heavy.] A clumsy 
medal of lead, cast in moist sand. Norf, 
Suff. See " Dubs." 

DUMP, s. A deep hole of water, feigned 
to be bottomless. Grose. 

DUMPS, s, [Dom. Belg. heavy, dull.] 
Sorrow, grief, melancholy. Craven, SotUh. 

DUMPY, adj, [Doomp, Isl.] Short, thick, 
fat. North, South, 

DVSCH, adj. [Dom. Belg. stupid.] Deaf, 
dull of comprehension. Somerset, Hants. 

DUNCH-PASSAGE, s, A blind passage. 

Ber^s, 

DUNDER-KNOLU s, [Dom. stupid, Knoll, 

Sax. a head.] A blockhead. North, 

** Dummer-head." Hants, Sussex, 

DUNNY.o^;. Deaf. Hants, 

DUNGY, adJ, [G hard.] [Perhaps Dunny.] 
Tired. Hants. 

As '' the horse was quite dungy." 

DUNGEONABLE, adj. Shrewd; rake- 
hellish. [Deserving of a dungeon or 
gaol.] North, 

DUNDY, adj. [Dun, Brit.] Of a dull 
colour, as dundy-grey. Norf. Suff, 

DUNG-MERES, s, [Dung and Mere, Sax. a 
pool.] Pits where dung and weeds are 
laid to rot for manure. Bailey, 

DVf^O'VP, part, pass. Reflected on. Craven, 

DUNK-HORN, s. The short blunt-horn of 
a beast. Norf. Suff, 

DUNK-HORNED, adJ, Sneaking, shabby. 
[Dunk, Dunch, Dom, Dull.] Norf, Suff. 

DUNT, adj, Stupified, dizzy, numbed. 

Norf. Suff, 

To DUNT, V. a. To stupify. Norf. Suff. 

A DUNT-SHEEP, is one that mopes about 
from a disorder in the head. 

DUR-CHECKS, s, [Dor, Brit, door and 
cheeks.] The door-posts. North. 

DURDAM, s, [Durdh, Welch.] Noise, 
uproar. Craven, 

DURGEN, s, A little trifling fellow. BaUey. 

DURNS, s. Gate-posts. North, Somerset, 

DURZED, part. pass. [Derschen, Belg. 
to thresh.] Said of com beaten out of the 
ear by the wind. North, 

DUTFIN, s. The bridle in cart harness. 

Norf Suff, 

DUZZY, adJ, [Dousigh, Belg.] Dizzy. 

Norf Svff 



DUST, s. [Dyst, Goth, tumult.] Bustle, 

tumult. Craven, 

** To kick up a dust," is to make a row, 

to cause a great disturbance. Kent, Suss, 

Hants. 
DWAIN, DWAINY, adj. [Wanna, Sax. 
pale.] Faint, sickly. Norf, Suff. 

DWALLIN6, part, act. Talking nonsense, 
as if delirious. Somerset. 

DUILE, s. A refuse lock of wool. 
A mop made of refuse locks of wool. 
Any coarse rubbing cloth. Norf. 

[Wulle, Sax. wool. Wll. Isl. wool.] 
To DWINE, V n. [Dwinan, Sax. to de- 
crease.] To faint ; to disappear. Craven. 
To DWINGE, V. n, [Dwinan, Sax. to de- 
crease.] To shrivel and dwindle, as ap- 
]>1es do from keeping too long. Craven. 
DYDLE,«. A kind of mud-drag. Norf. 
DYE-HOUSE, or DRY-HOUSE,*. A milk- 
house; a dairy. Glouc. 
If this first implies a house where the 
cows are milked, then a dry-houseimeans 
the house or lodge where the cow is 
milked dry ; made dry. 
DYMOX, «. A sturdy combatant; a stout 
pugilist; a champion. Norf. Suff, 
DUCK and MALLARD, ) Somerset, 
DUCK and DRAKE, ) Sussex. Hants. 
The play of throwing pieces of slate or 
tile upon the water, so that they may 
rise several times after striking the sur- 
face, before they sink. Boys use these 
words at the gamein Somerset shire : — 

Hen.pen, 
Duck and mal]Ard« 
Amen. 

In Hampshire they say-« 
Aduck 
And a drake. 
And a white penny.cake. 

At each line the stone must rise; if it 
sinks before the whole is repeated, that 
is to say without rising three times, (the 
number of lines) the boy is clumsy at 
the sport. 
DUFFER, s. A pedlar, applied generally to 
such as hawk women's apparel. Susses. 

Hants. 

DOLLY-TRIPE, s. [Dolly, a woman's name, 

and tripe, the intestines, the deposit of the 

filth of an animal.] A slut. Warw, 



E. 



E, pron, I. Craven, 

£A, s. [Ea, Ang. Sax. water.] Water. Norf, 

A river along the sands on the sea shore. 

North, 
EAGER, adJ, [Aigre, Fr. sour.] Sour, 
tending to sourness. 

Sharp, applied to the air. Cumb, 

EAGER, s. [Eoger, Sax. Eagcr-Aeger, 

Runic Ocean.] A peculiarly impetu- 



EAR. 



EDG. 



51 



oui and dangerous aggravation of the 
tide in lome rivers, caused as it should 
seem by the vehement confluence of two 
streams, or; by the channel becoming 
narrower^ shallower, or both. JVor/. 8uff^ 

BaUey, 
£ALAND,#. [Sax.] An island. Craven. 
EAM, or NEAME, «. fEame, Ang. Sax.] 
Uncle. Craven* 

A gossip; compeer; friend. North, 

EALD,«. [Sax. old.] Age. North. 

EALLINO, s. [Hele, Sax. heel.] A lean- 
to. North. 
A vessel when thrown much on her side is 
said to heel^ perhaps to show her bot- 
tom« her keel or heel. 
To EAR, r. a. [Sax.] To plough; to till 
the gpround. Bailey, 
EARAND s. [Erende, Is!.] An errand. 

Craioen. 

EARLES9 8. [Eblt, Sax. before.] Money given 

before hand to bind an engagement. Cra. 

To EARN, V, €U [Eamben, Germ, to reap.] 

To glean. BaUey. 

TV? EARN, 9. a* [Vman, Ang. Sax. to churn. 

Earnian, Sax. to yearn.] 

To coagulate or curdle milk. North. 

EARNING, 8. Rennet^ used to turn the milk 

for making cheese. North. 

EARNDER^ s. The afternoon. NoHh. 

EARTy adv. Sometimes Eart one,eart to'ther ; 

now one, then the other. Somerset. 

Is it from Ear, Sax. before, or first ; as first 

one and then the other. 

EAR.WRIG, 8. [An ear-wig.] Somerset. 

Jennings thinks this is most correct, being 

from ear and wriggle j not so I think, 

ear-wig is from Wiga, a grub. 

EARNEST^ 8. [Earnest, Sax. fixed] Money 

given, whereby to bind a bargain, to 

make it real and fixed. Lincoln. 

EARSH,«. [Earnlen, Germ, to reap.] A 

stubble field, from which the corn has 

been reaped or mown ; as a wheat- earsh ; 

a barley-earsh ; frequently pronounced 

ash. Hants. fVest Sussex, 

EASTERN-SUNDAY, s. [Eastre, the name 

of a Saxon goddess, whose festival was 

celebrated at the time, which corresponds 

to our Easter.] Norf. Suff» 

EASINGS, 8. [Efese, Sax.] The eaves of 

a building. North. 

EASTER, 8. [Ears, Sax. posteriors.] The 

back of the chimney ; the chimney-stock. 

North. 
EASINGS, 8. Cow's dung. Craven. 

EATH, ETTH, adj. Easy. North. 

Shakespear has Uneath, uneasy. 
EAVE^LONG^ adj. [Sloping obliquely, as 
the eaves of a house, Efese, Sax. the edge 
or margin.] Oblique, sidelong ; eavelong 
work being the mowing or reaping of the 
irregular edges of a field of corn. Njrf. 

8^f. 

EBBLE, 8. [Abele.] The asp-tree, a species 
of poplar. Norf. St^ff. 



To ECKLE, V. n. \ [Ecke, Germ, edge.] To 

TV? ETTLE, 5 aim at. North. 

Fenningjsays to ^* Aim" means to direct 

the '^edge*' of satire against a particular 

person. 

ECCLES-TREE, s. [Acse, Sax. Axle.] An 

axle tree. Norf. Suff. 

EDDER^ ETHER, s. [Edder, Sax. a hedge.] 

Fence wood> commonly put on the top of 

fences. Norf. Essex. 

Lon^ pieces of pliant underwood used to 

wind between the stakes on the top of a 

new made hedge. Hants. Norf. 

EDDISH9 8. [See Earsh.] A stubble field. 

Hants. North. 
A. field of grass which has been mown. 

Lincoln* 

Aftermathl Norf. Suf. 

[Edise, Ang. Sax. gramen serotinum; 

grass of the latter growth.] 

EDER-BRECHA, s. [Edder, Sax. hedge; 

Brechen, to break.] 

Hedge-breaking. Bailey. 

To EDGE, V. n. To borrow. BaMey. 

EDGE-LEAMS, s. Edge tools. NoHh. 

EDGREW, 8. After-grass. Shropshire. 

[Eft. Ang. Sax. after and grown.] 
EEA, prep. In a. Craven* 

EE, 8. [Scotch.] An eye. Craven. 

EED, V. [E. I. and had.] I had. Craven. 
To EEIN, V. fi. To be at leisure. Cheshire. 
E'EL, adj. [Contracted from evil.] Ill; 
Eel-thing ; ill-thing ; St. Anthony's fire. 

Exmoor. Somerset. 
EELrSHEAR, «. [Eel and to shear, to cut.] 
An iron insiument with thiee or four 
points, fastened to the end of a long 
pole^ by means of which it is thrust into 
muddy ponds and ditches for the pur- 
pose of catching eels. E. Sussex. Kent. 
In fV. Sussex, and Hampshire called an 
eel-spear. 
EELrSHAKING, s. The act of catching 
eels with the instrument above described. 

East Sussex. Kent. 
EEM, 8. Leisure. Cumb. 

To EEM, V, n. To have leasure. JDitto. 
EES,8. [Eyne, Sax.] The eyes. North. 
EE-SCAR, 8. [Eean, eye ; Scar, a blemish.] 
A blemish unpleasant to the sight Craven. 
EESE, adv. [Gise, Sax.] Yes. Somerset. 
EET, adv. [Gita, Sax.] Yet. Somerset. 
EEVERy 8. [Efese, Sax. a margin.] A cor- 
ner or quarter of the heavens; as the 
** wind is in a cold Eever." Cumb, 

EFFET, EFT, s. [Efete, Sax.] A newt ; 
an animal resembling the lizard tribe, in- 
habiting* ponds of fresh water. North. 
"Evet." Hants. Somerset. 

EFTER, prep. [Eft,* Ang. Sax.] After. 

H Cravenm 

EFTER-THEMSIN-BREEOD, *. [Eft, 

Ang. Sax. After; Temsn, Belg. Breed, 

Sax. bread ] Bread made of course flour 

or refuse from the sieve. Craven. 

EGERS, «. [Egr, Brit, eager.] Spring or 



52 



ELD. 



£SH. 



first blown tulips, being eager to blow. 

liaOey. 
Tb £6G> v.a. [Eggen^ Da.to provoke*] To 
mate. B, Susteg. 

EORE, cuy. liEger, Lat. sick.] Sore. Bailey. 
EGG-BERRY, «. ^Pranus' padus. The bird- 
HAG-BERRY, Sclierr^, perhaps so called 

3 from its shape. Craven. 
EITHER OF BOTH, eitherof the two. W 
ELBOWS. «. The shoulder points ef cattle. 

Glauc. 

ELBOW-GREASE, f. PerseTeripg exercise 

of the arms, causing perspiration. York. 

Hanii* Sussex. 
ELDER, 9. The udder. NoHh. 

ELDfiN, s. "JCEald, Sax. old ; being only fit 
ELDING, Sfor the fire.] Wood and sticks 
)for burning ; fuel. North. 

ELDERN,«. The elder-tree. Norf. 8uff. 
ELECTION ; IN ELECTION, adv. Likely ; 
as ** we are in election to have a bad har- 
vest this year," Noif. 
ELEVENER, s. A luncheon, being com- 
monly taken about eleven o'clock. E. Suss, 
ELEW'N, «. Eleven. Somerset. 
ELF-LOCKS, ff. Hair suf^osed to be en- 
tang:led by an elf. Craven, 
£LLAR,«. [Ellara, Sax.] The elder-tree. 

Lincoln. E. Swsex. Kent. 

ELLER, ff4 [Aelder, Sax.] The alder. North. 

ELLINGE, adj. [Elleod, Germ, exile.] 

Lonely ; solitary ; melancbolyj-ff. Sussex, 

Kent, 

ELMEN, a4f» Of .or belonging to elm ; 

made of elm. Somerset, 

EL-MOTHER, s. [El is probably con- 

1^ tiacted from evil, step-mothers being pro- 

f verbially unkind.] 

A step-mother. North. 

E'LONG, a4j\ [Al lungo, I(al. along.] 

Slanting. Somerset. 

ELSEN, s, [Elssen. Belg.] A shoemaker's 

awl. York, Cumb. 

To ELT, V. a. To knead. Craven. 

ELT, or ILT, s, A spayed sow. Somersa, 

(Corrupted from gelt ?) 
ELVERS, s. Young eels.< Somerset. 

(Eel and fry ; eeKs spawn or young.) 
Wen we see how usual it is in Somerset- 
shire to change Ihe f into v, the deriva- 
tion of this word from eel.fry, eel-vry, 
elvers, will not be thought very unrea- 
sonable. 
ELVISH, adj. [Elf, elves, pi. fairies.] 
Peevish ; wantonlv mischievous,'as elves 
are always reputed to be, Norf. Suff, 
EMMERS, 8. [^myrion, Sax. ashes.] 

Embers. Somerset, 

EMMET-BATCH, s, [^mette. Sax. an ant 

batch.] 

An ant hill. Somerset, 

EMMET, s. An ant. Hants. 

To EMPT, V. a. To empty. Somerset. 

Sussex. Hants. 
EN, pron. Him. Somerset. 

ENAUNTER, cory. Lest. 



END, «. Part; Jdivision; as *'he has the 

best end of the staff." Norf. SuJ^. 

The stems of a growing crop, as " here is 

a plenty of ends, however, it may fill the 

bushel.^' Norf. Suff, 

Apait; division; as /'a grit end of his 

time." Craven, 

*' Most an end ;" continually. JHUo* 

^'End or side," anything undetermined; 

as '^ I can mack nayther end. noi side 

ont.** Craven. 

ENDAYS,a(li». Endwise; forward. Craven, 

(End-ways.) 
ENDIRONS, ff. [Hand-irons, or brand- 
irons.] Craven, 
ENDLE^, «. Intestinum coecum, the blind 
gut. Norf. Suff, 
ENEW, adi, \ Enough. East Sussex, 
ENOW, f 

ENIF, adj. Enough. Craven, 

ER, pron. He. Somerset, 

£R,»r(m. Are. Craven, 

ERNFUL, at^f. Lamentable. Kent, 

ERRIWIGGLE, «. [Ear and wiga,agrub.] 
An earwig. Norf. Suff, 

K'RYf adj. Every. Norf. S^. 

ESH,«. [Esch.Belg.] An ath-tree. Norf, 

Svff, Craven. 
ESHED.parf.potf* [Ascian^ Sax. to ask.] 
Asked. Craven. 

ESHLAR, s. See ashlar. 
ESHIN, s. A pail or kit. BaOey, 

May not thi» be from Esch, Belg. an ash- 
tree, pails being made of ash ? A cop- 
per is so called so from being made of 
this metal. 
ESPIN« f. [Espe, Belg.] The asp or aspen- 
tree* Craven, 
ESSE, s, [Asce. Sax.] Ashes. Cumb. 
ESSEX-STILE, s, A ditch ; a great part of 
Essex is low and marshy, having more 
ditches than styles. 
ETCH, 8. [See eanh.] Norf. Essex, 
ETH, s Earth. Somerset, 
ETHER, ff* An adder. Craven, 
(Adder, Sax. is frequently changed into 
th ; thus adder may easily become Ather 
Ether.] 
ETRAATH, adv, [Ee. in. Treowtha, Sax. 
truth.] Truly; in truth. Craven, 
ETORO, adv. [Ee. In. Tu. Run. two.] In 
two ; Broken etoro ; broken in two. 

Craven, 
To ETTLE, V. n* To intend North, 

ETTLEMENT, s. Intention. North, 

To EVE, V, n. To become damp ; to ab- 
sorb moisture from the air. Somerset, 
Probably from Eve, evening, when the dew 
fells and things become damp in conse** 
quence. 
EVERS, 8. [Heavers.] Opening*; stiles, 
which you may lift or heave up. Ghue. 
EVERY YEAR'S LAND. Land which will 
bear crops every year. CHoue. 

EW£R,«. [Uder, Sax.] An udder. iVorM. 
EWN,». An oven. North. 



FAB. 



FAL. 



53 



To EWTE, V. a. To poar in. Somerset. 

(Eau,Fr. water. £a« Sax.] 
EX, s, [Acse, Sax.] An axle. Somerset. 

Ix, Eaz. Sussex, Hants. 

EXE, 9. [ Acse, Sax.] An axe. Norf. 

EXEN« s. Oxen. NoHh. 

To EXPECT, V* 11. To soppoie. North. 
EYM-ANENT, ;a<l9. Directly opposite. 

Grose, 

That M at one end from him. 



F. 



PAAT, s. [Faate, Fr.] A fault. Crmen. 
FABBIN, part. act. Flattering. Craven* 
PADDER, «. [Fader, Dan.] Father. Craven. 
FADGE, ff. A bundle. Craven. 

To FA06E, V. n. [Gefeagan, Sax. to ac- 
commodate.] To suit or fit. 
To succeed ; to answer expectation. 

Norf. Suff. 
To FADDLE, v. a. [Fade, Ft. silly.J To 
dandle or make much of. Bailey. 

To Fiddle-fiiddle, to trifle away time. 

Sussex* Hants. 
FAD, s. A frivolous joke* Oxford. 

A fid-fad, a trifling person. Hants. 

FAFT, pan. pass. [Fyght, Sax. fight; gh 
in many words (as, rough, enough) is pro- 
nounced as an f, thus Fyght, Sax. Fyft. 
Faft.] Fought. Craven. 

FAE-GANG, s. [Faw*8 Gang from Johnny 
Faw, their leader in Scotland.] 
A gang of beggars or rogues. North. 

To FAFF, V. n. To blow in puifs. NoHh. 
To FAFFLE, CAFFLE, MAPFLE, v. n. 
To be inconsistent in speech. North. 
FAGOT, s, [Pegan, Sax. the ftig end of a 
piece of cloth being made of coarser 
materials.} A contemptuous appellation 
of a woman* A dirty slattern. A low 
loose woman ; as though she were the 
fag-end of the sex. Norf. S%^, Hants. 

Sussex. 
FAGS, inierj. ^Is this a corruption of 
PEGS, Mede. Ital. faith.] Truly, 

3 indeed. Somerset. South. 

FAIN,a((;. [Fagian, Sax. to rejoice. Payne, 

Isl.] Glad. Cnmen. 

To FAIR« tr. n. ^Faira, Goth, to appear. 

To FAB, I « T'Cow fairs o' cawvin.'* 

t The cow appears to be 
J coming. Craven. 

To FAIR, FAW, v. n. [Fair, well ; and 
faw to fall.] To happen well with a 
person. '* May it fiiir faw with him," 
^ May he prosper." Ctaven. 

FAIRY-BUTTER, s. A species of tremella 
ofyelldwish colour, and gelatinous sub- 
stance, found on furze and broom. Norf. 

Stijr. 
FAIRY-RINGS, s. Circles or parU of cir- 
cles in pastures, of a darker green than 
the adjoining parts, most obseiTable when 



the grass is short. The mushroom, 
agaricus orcades, grows generally in these 
circles. Norf. Suff. Hants. fV. Sussex. 
FAIRY-SPARKS or SHELL-FIRE, s. 
Electric sparks often seen on clothes at 
night. Kent. Grose. 

Shell fire is frequently seen on horses' 
hoofs at night when riding by tlie sea- 
shore near Brighton. This is supposed 
to be a phosphorescent light thrown out 
by decaying marine bodies. Sussex, 

One observation will apply to all these 
words, Fairy-butter, &c., viz., that in 
days of ignorance and superstition, what- 
ever appearance in nature was incapable 
of explanation as to its cause or origin, 
was immediately referred to the agency 
of some unseen spirits, the most barm- 
less of which the fairies have always 
been considered. Though the light of 
truth is to be preferred to the darkness 
of ignorance^ yet none will attempt to 
deny that to the tales of fiction, arising 
out of that darkness, we are indebted for 
many of the happiest illusions of life. 
FALL.GATE, s. A gate across a public 
road. Norf. 

To FALL, V. a. [Feallan, Sax* to foil ; from 
Feallan, also comes to fell.] As I shall 
' fell [that is fell or make to fall] that tree 
next spring. Norf. Skus. Hants. 

FALL, s. The season for felling timber, as 
«' 1 shall cut that tree next FalL" Sussex. 
Autumn, either from the leaves falling at 
that time, or from the year's decline or 
fall. Hants. Sussex. 

FALXiALS, s. Flaunting and flaring orna- 
ments. Niif* Suff. 
Trifles, trumpery, nonsense. Sussex. Hants. 
*' That is all Fallal." Ditto. 
Fal-lal-la is a common sort of chorus to a 
song ; not the song itself, nor forming 
an essential part of it. 
To FALTER, v. a. To thrash barley in the 
chaff| in order to break off the aunt* 

North. 
To sift or cleanse '* Barley for malt- must 
be bold and clean feltered from foul- 
ness.'^ Mortimer, quoted by Penning, 
from whom I have taken it. The latter 
gives the derivation from Falta, Span, a 
defect ; a feult. Thns to falter is pro« 
perlv to have a defect, but is here used 
to sijgnify to ftmove a defect, nor is this 
a singular invtance of words being thus 
transposed ,* aa ** to aheU peas" is to 
unshell them, or take them from their 
•hellft or poda. '* Ta husk nots or wal- 
nuts,*' is to unhusk or take them out of 
their busks. '* To Bone any thing," is 
to take the Bones out of the flesh* 
FALTERED, part. pass. Dishevelled. Norths 
FAMBLE-CROP, s. The first stomach in 
ruminating animals. Norf. Suff. 

[Fommelen, Belg. to fumble^ to do any 
tbifig in an awkward or imperfect man- 



54 



FAM. 



FAS. 



ner. The fint stomach only partially 

or imperfectly masticates the food.] 

To FAMILB, V. n. [Fames, Lat. famine.] 

To starve, to be faminished. fVarw, 

FAMILOUS, adj. [Famille, Fr. family.] 

Relating or peculiar to a family, as *' It 

is a familous complaint." York. 

To FAN, V. a. To heal any one. E, Sussex. 

To teaze or banter. M, Sussex, 

FAND, part. peus. [Scotch.] Found. Craven* 

FANG, s. [Fangan, Sax. to seize.] 

A paw or claw. North. 

A flo. Norf. 

From the resemblance which the sharp 

point of a fin bears to that of a claw. 

So says Forby. 

FANGAST, s. [Fangan, Sax. to seize. 

Goost. Fr. sensual enjoyment.] A mar- 

riat^eable young woman. Norf, 

FANTOME-CORN, s. [Phantono&e, Fr. 

a phantom.] Lank or light corn ; thin and 

bodiless like a phantom or spectre. 

North. 

FAPES, 8. Gooseberries in their unripe 

state. Norf. Sujf, 

To FARE, V. n. To appear. '* She fared 

sick." See "To fair.- Norf. Suff. 

FARE, *. [Fearh, Ang. Sax, a pig.] A 

litter of pigs. Norf. Suff. 

To FARE, r. n. To ache. North. 

FARMER, s. A term of distinction applied 

to the eldest son of the occupier of a 

farm, the father being called *' Master." 

Norf. 

FARN-TICRLES, t. [Feam, Sax. fern. To 

tick, is to ticket or mark any thing, hence 

Fam ticks, Fern-marks. Freckles on the 

skin, resembling the seeds of the fern. 

North. 
FARN'TICKLED, part. pass. Freckled. 

North, 
FARRAND, «• Disposition, kind, nature. 
. In a fighting farrand, in a fighting humour. 

North. 
[Faran, Sax. to go. To go signifies to 
intend as *' I was going to say," that is 
" it was my intention to say," and inten- 
tion implies disposition. 
FARRANTLY, adj. [Fair and banded.] 
FARRENDLY. [Fair and ended.] 
Handsome, neat, cleanly. 
Respectable. North, 

FARRANTLY, adv. Decently. North. 

FARROW, a4;« [Corrupted from fallow, 
a fallow producing nothing] barren ; ap- 
plied to a cow not producing a calf. 

Norf. 
FASGUNTIDE, s. [Fast, Begun, Tyd-time 
or tide.] 

Shrove-Tuesday, the commencement of 

Lent when the fast is begun. North, Norf. 

Jh FASH, V. a. [Facbd,Fr. Je suis fach^, 

I am vexed.] To tiie. North. 

To trouble or teaze. North. 

FASTING-E*£N or EVENING, t. Shrove- 

^ Tuesday being the eve of the great fast. 



FASTNES3-E*EN, s. North. 

FASTING-TUESDAY, s, Shrove-Tuesday. 

North. 
FASTNESSES, s. Bogs, from persons stick- 
ing fast in them. 
FAT-HEN, s. [The plant chereopodium, 
called also Goosefoot. Sussex. 

This weed is so called probably from its 
growing very commonly on dung-heaps. 
FATTERS or FITTERS, *. [Fether, Sax. 
feather.] Tatters. Craven. 

FAUCE, adj. [Faux, {Fr, false.] Cunning. 

Craven. 

FAUD, s. [Falden, Sax. to fold, to inclose.] 

A truss of short straw which a man can 

grasp or fold in his arms. North. 

FAUF, s. [Faal, teut. a fallow.] A fallow. 

Craven. 
[Feia, Goth, to cleanse.] 
To FAVOUR, v.n. [Faveo, Lat.] To re- 
semble another in features. Craven, Suss. 
FAW, s, A fall. Craven. 

FAWCET or FAUCET, #. [Fauces, Lat. 
the jaws or mouth.] 

A wooden pipe, thrust into a barrel for the 
purpose of drawing out the liquor 
through it, and stopped with a wooden 
peg called a Spigot. Sussex. Hants. 

To FAWTER, v. a. \ [See. to falter.] 
FEABERRIES, t. I Gooseberries. North, 
FEABES, (SeeFapes. 

FEAFUL, a4f. [Fearful.] Very, exceed- 
ingly. Craven.- 
Many things of a very large or extraordi- 
nary appearance are frightful in the eyes 
of the vulgar— hence they are designated 
as being feaful or fearful. 
FEAGUE, s. [Fegan, Sax. the fag end of a 
piece of cloth, Ibeing made of coarser 
materials.] A dirty, sluttish, idle person. 

North. 
To FEAGE, V. a. [Figan, Ge«m. to whip.] 
To whip or chastise. Fennmg. 

To FEAL, V. a. [Fel. Isl. to conceal.] to 
hide. North. 

FEART-SPRANK, «. [Faur, Dan. fair, 
equal, just. Springan, to spring or grow. 
Sprang, prist.] A tolerable number or 
largish parcel. Berkshire. 

In Sussex and Hampshire, they say there 
is a Fair Sprinkle of anyfthing. 
FEAT, a4j\ [Foetidus, Lat. stinking, fcetid.J 
Having a nasty taste. Berkshire* 

FEATHER-PIE, s. A hole in the ground, 
filled with feathers, fixed on strings and 
kept in motion by the wind. An excel- 
lent device to scarce birds. Norf. 
FEAUSAN, ff. Taste or moisture. North. 
FECKLY, ado. Mostly; most part of. 

North. 
To FEE, V. a. [Feia. Goth, to cleanse.] 

To winnow. North. 

To FEED, V. n. [Fedan, Sax. to give food] 
To grow fat. North. 

To FEEK, V. n. To walk about in per- 
plexity. North. 



FEE. 



FEN. 



56 



To FEFT, V. To persuade or to endeavoar 
to persuade. Norf. 

To put off or dispose of wares. Essex. 

In this latter sense it probably comes from 
Fieffer^ Fr. to feoff, or put one in posses- 
sion of any property, which the seller of 
wares does to the purchaser of them. 
The seller of wares persuades or endea- 
vours to persuade others to buy of him. 
F£G, adj, [Fegen, Germ, to cleanse.] Fair, 
clean, handsome. North, 

To FEG, V. [Fag, from Fatigo, Lat. to be 
fatigued.] To flag, to dioop, to tire. 

North. 

PEGS, interj. An exclamation. South, 

FEGARY, s, [Vagary, from vagus, vague.] 

A whim, a freak. Norf, 

FEIST, FEISTINESS, s. [Fist. Ang. Sax. 

Flatus ventris, Lat.] Fustiness, a mouldy 

scent| such as is emitted by a foul cask. 

Norf. 
FEISTY, adj. Fusty. Norf 

FEIT, adJ, [Fait, Fr. done.] Neat, dexte- 
rous. North, 
FEITLY, adv. Dexterously. North. 
FELKS, ff. [Felge, Dan. the felly of a 
wheel.] The felloes or outer circum- 
ference of a wheel. Craven. 
FELL, s. [Fell, Isl] A hill. Craven. 
To FELL, V. a. To sew in a particular 
manner, as women do with their needles. 
To inseam. South, 
. [As this mode of sewing implies the fold- 
ing of one pari over the other, may it 
not be derived from Falde, Sax. a fold or 
Feollan, Sax. to fall; one part falling over 
the other. 
FELL, adj. [Felle, Sax, cruel, hard hearted.] 
Sharp, clever, hot. North. 
To FELLY, V. a. [Fealga^ Sax. a fallow.] 
To break up a fallow. North. 
FELLY, s. A fellow. Derby. 
FELLING and FLAWING, part. act. [Fel- 
ling and flaying.] Cutting oaks and strip- 
ping the bark from them. E. Sussex, 
FELT, 8. A thick matted growth of weeds 
spreading by their roots, as couch grass. 

Norf 

[Pel. Sax. a hide, these weeds covering the 

ground as it were with a thick skin.] 

FELLON, «. [Felle, Sax. cruel.] A disease 

in cowsy occasioned by cold, and causing 

great anguish and pain. Craven. 

FELTERED, part. pass. [Felt, from fel. 

Sax. a hide.] Entangled. Craven, 

To FEND, V. n. To be industrious ; to take 

care of ; to beware. North, 

All these different meanings^ imply care 

and forethought, the essential qualities 

of one who has to '* defend" others, from 

which word "defend'' this word '* fend" 

evidently comes. 

FENDABLE, adj. Able to defend or take 

care of one's self. Also to fare, as " how 

fend vou ?" North. 

To FEND and FROVE, v. n. [To defend 



and Prove.] To argue on both sides of a 

question, tor and against. North. South. 

FEN-NIGHTINGALE, s. An ironical name 

for a frog, which lives in fens, called also 

a March-bird from its being vocal in this 

month. Norf. 

In France in the same spirit they call asses. 

Arcadian nightingales. 

FENNY, orFENNERY, ad[;. Mouldy. Kent. 

FENNY, adj. Mouldy, decayed, generally 

applied to cheese. HarUs, 

In Hampshire when cheese is beginning to 

decay, and just showing those blue lines, 

it is said to be blue-vinnied, that is, I 

presume *' blue veined," the lines in the 

cheese somewhat resembling the veins 

in the human frame. If this be correct, 

then Fenny is corrupted from " Vinny,*' 

and « Vinny" from *' Vein." 

FERRY-WHISK, s. [Ferry and Wiachea, 

Teut. to move about minbly.] A great 

bustle, haste. York. 

FESSING, adj. [Fussing, from Pus, Sax. 

ready*] ^ Forcing or obtruding a thing: 

on one, that is " fussing" or '* fussy," 

over-officious. Essex. 

To PEST, V. n. To put out to grass. Craven. 

To feast. Craven. 

To place out apprentices under indentures. 

Craven. 

FESTING-PENN Y, s. Money given as an 

earnest to a servant on hiring him. Cra. 

To PEST, V. n. To let off any work. NoHh. 

To fasten, tie, or bind. North. 

FESTING-MEN, s. With the Anglo Saxons, 

persons who were pledges for others. 

BaUey. 
These words, with one exception, [to feast, 
which is from Feesteren, Belg. are de- 
rived from Pesteuy Germ, to fasten, or to 
bind with ceremony.] 
FETCH, #. [Feccean, Sax. to go.] The 
apparition of a person living, which of 
course must go to the spot where the 
person is who sees it. North. 

A trick ; a stratagem ; a lie ; a false ap- 
pearance. Sussex. Hants. Fenning. 
To PET, V. n. To fit. Craven. 
To be a match for one. Ditto. 
To FETTLE, v, a. To dress ; prepare, or 

put in order ; to set about anything. 
FETTLE, s. Condition. fVarw. North. 

FETTLED, part. pass. Dressed ; beat. Cra. 
FETE, od;. Middling; fair. Berks. 

These words all imply a certain fitness, 
andj are derived from Vitten, Belg. to 
make fit or suitable. 
FEU, s. [Fait, Fr. done.] A method of do- 
ing anything. Grose. 
FEUSOME, adj. Handsome. North. 

This is from Fait, Fr. also. 
To FEY, V. a. To do anything notably or 

well. 
A FAY. [Faire, Fr. to do.] North. 

* It Peys well' in Hampshire, signifies the 
thing answers. This is clearly from Fait, 



56 



FIC. 



FIN. 



Ff . done. '' It feyi well/' '< It does well.'* 

That ** feasome/* " handaome/' implies 

something well made or done. 

To FEW, V, n. To chan|:e. Nortlu 

[Pea, 8ax. money or price] Money beiDg 

given in exchange as the price of the 

thing changed* 

To FEY^ V. a. IFeia, Goth, to cleanse.] 

To fey meadows is to cleanse them ; to fey 

a pond is to take oot ^the mud ; to fey 

corn is to winnow it. North* To cast 

up and remove earth. North. 

FEYING, g. Rubbish; earth cut up and 

thrown aside to get torf« implying in both 

s^ses what is cast away* in order to 

cleanae what is left. North. 

To FEZZON» V, a. [Festen. Germ, to fasten.] 

To seize or fasten on, as a bull-dog does 

on a bull. North, 

9^FICK,v. n. [Ficken, Belg.] To kick. 

Cr<w€n. 

To struggle or fight with the legs, as a cow 

when tied op,^or a child in the cradle. 

North. 

FJCKELTOW» i. The foretackle or car- 

riage, which supports the plough-beam. 

Norf. 
FID, «• A small but thick piece of anything* 

To FIDGE, V. n. To kick with the feet. 

North. 
Perhaps corrupted from Ficken Belg. to 
kick. 
TbFIE, v.a. To cleanse a ditch or pond. 

Narf. 

See to Fey. 

FIGS, ff. Raisins. WeH. 

FIGGEDPUDDING, $. A pudding with 

raisins in it ; a plum-padding. Wett. 

To FIG, V. oL. To apply ginger to a horse to 

excite him to carry a fine tail. North. 

South. 

(May not this be from Figure, the opera- 

toin being intended to make the horse 

shew a good figure ?) 

FILANOS, «. [Field-lands.] Tracts of un- 

inclosed arable land. Narf. 

In Hampshire and Sussex called Common 

fields. 

To FILE, V. a. To defile. Norf. 

Alio to foil, the fame as spoils which is 

frequently pronounced ^ spile.*' 

FILE, «. A deep, cunning, deceitAil person ; 

as he is "a deep old File.'' Bwnus. 

In the same sense the word b used, when 

sportsmen say the haie runs her File^ that 

is runs round the same track eontinaally, 

to foil or deceive the dogs. Aim. Hanig. 

FILL-BELLS, s. The chain-tugs to the 

collar of a cart horse, by which he draws. 

FILL-HORSE, «. [Thill-hoise, th being 

• pronounced like f.] The horse which 

' goes in the shafts. Norf. 

To FILLER, V, n. To go behind. 

To drew back. Norf. 

FILTRY, $. [Corrnplion of filth; filthy;! 



or from Filter, which allows the pure 
water to pass through, while it retains 
the fiilth.] Filth ; rubbish. Somertet. 
FIMBLE, s. [Finner, Isl. light, quick, nim- 
ble.] The female hemp, the soonest ripe, 
but the least valuable. Emsbm, Penning. 
To FIMBLE, o. a. [Finnr, Isl. nimble; 
light.] To touch lightly with the ends of 
the fingers. 

To pass through without cutting, as ^ my 

scythe fimbles the grass." Norf. 

FIN, s. The broad part of a plough share. 

H4Xnts. 
FINEW, «.' Mouldiness ; dirtiness. Bailey. 
FINEWED, part. past. Grown mouldy. 

Bailey. 

(See Fenny, Fennery.) 

FINKLE,s. [Fenckle, Belg.] Fennel. Cnu 

FINND, FINNS, s. [Fmn. Isl.] Finds > 

things found. Cra»en. 

** Findalls' is used in the Cinque Forts 

Charters. Sustex Kent. 

FIRE-EYLDING, s. [Fire and geldan. Sax. 

to yield.] Fuel yielding or^ supporting 

fire. North. 

FlRE-FANG£D,part. fMSf. [Fire and &n- 

gan. Sax. to aiexe.] Fire-bitten, spoken 

of oatmeal that is over-dried. North. 

FIRE-FLAUGHTS, s. [Flattem, Teut. to 

flutter.] Lightning,, or the j^Northem 

lights. North. 

FIRE-POINT, s. A poker. Leeds. York. 

Grose. 
FIRLY, FURLY, «. [Faerlic, Ang. Sax. 
strange.] Confusion; tumult. Craven. 
FIRR'D, part poet. Freed. Craven. 

FIRS, A^. 1 [Fird, Isl. quiet] Land not de- 
FREES, J pastured by cattle. Craven. 

FIRTH, or FRITH, s. [Ffrith, Welsh, a 
plantation] A field taken from a wood 

Craven. 
In Hampshire, underwood is called ^'Frith." 
FIT, adj. [Vitten, Belg. to be adi^pted to its 
intended purpose.] 

Ready, as " I am fit if you are ready." 
** Come stir, make yourself fit." Norf. 

Apt, meet, suitable. Sussex. 

FIT,«. [Fet, Sax. feet.] Feet. Craven. 
FITCH, FITCHET, s. ^[Fisse, Belg.] A 
FrrCHOLE, FICHER, Spole-cat. Som. 
FICHET, 3 

FITCHES, s. Corruption of vetches. Chi. 
FITCHET-PIE, s. A pie given to the reap- 
ers at harvest-home, composed of apples, 
onions, and the fat of bacon in equal 
quanti ties. CAet. 

To FTTTLE, v. a. [Vitlan, Belg. to fit or 
make fit.] To clean. Oxford. 

7b FITTER, v. n. [Fet, Sax. feet.} To 
shift from one foot to the other. Notf. 
FIITEN, s. \A Feint, a pretence. Somerset. 
VITTEN, (From fit, the feint, if well 
I made being made fit for or 
3 suitable to the purpose. 
FIVE FINGERS, s. Oxlips. Norf. 

FIX-FAX, s. [Perhaps corrupted from Fix- 



FLA. 



FLA. 



57 



ffiut.} The tendon of the neck; the 
ainewi of the neck of cattle and sheep. 

NoHh, 

To FIZ, r. n. [Fisa. Isl. to hiss.] To make 

a hissing sound like fermenting liquors. 

Norf, Suttex, Hants* 
FIZGIG> «• [Fiz and gig, a small spinning 
top.] A gadding, idle, gossip. BaHey, 
A small quantity of damp powder made 
into a pointed pyramidical shape, which 
is set fire to by boya for their amusement, 
and which hisses as it burns. fVarwick, 
In Hampshire it is called a " Devil." 
To FIZMER, V. n. To fidget unquietly, and 
make a great stir about trifles. Norf,, 

To FLACK, V, n. [Flaccus, Lat. a flake.] 
To hang loosely. Norf, 

FLACKCNING, s, A rapid motion of the 
wing^. North. 

To FLACK, 9. n. [Fliccerian, Sax. to 
flicker.] 
To flutter as a bird. North, 

To throb as a wound. DUto. 

FLACK, «. A blow, particularly with some- 
thing loose and pliant. Norf. 
FLACK ET, s. A toll flaunting wench, whose 
apparel seems to bang loosely on her. 

Noif. 

FLACKET, 8. [Flaxa, Sax. a flask.] A 

bottle made in the shape of a barrel, 

used by hay-makers, Northx 

Similar vessels are used by husbandmen in 

Hampshire, where they are called 

" Wooden bottles." 

FLACKING-COMB, «. [Flaccus.] A 

wide-toothed comb. Oxfbrd, 

FLACKY, adj. Hanging loosely, as it were 

in flakes. Norf. 

FLAG, or FLAGS,*. The surface of the 

earth or upper turf, which is pared off for 

the purpose of burning. Norf, 

The surface of a clover lay of the second 

year, turned up by the plough. The 

wheat for the next yearns crop is dibbled 

into the flag. Norf. 

Flakes of snow are called snow- flags. 

North, (These words are all evidently 

corruptions of Flake, from Flaccus, Lat.] 

FLAGELUTE, s. A very small rent or hole 

in a garment. Norf. 

Forby thinks from Flageolet, the holes in 

which are very small. 

FLAGEIN, fmrt. ad* [Fletien. Teut] 

Flattering. Craven, 

FLAH, $. [Flean, to flay.] Turf for fuel. 

Craven, 
FLAID, part, pan. Afraid; affrighted. 

Craven, 
To FLAITE, V, a. To affright ; to scare. 

South. 
¥IAAT, part. pats. [Flitan, Ang. Sax.] To 
scold. North ; whence come " to flaite/' 
and " flaid.^' 
FLAN, s, A shallow. North, 

FLAN, a^. Broad. Grose, 

PLANNED, adj. Shallow. Craven, 



FLAP, s, A slight stroke or touch, [being 

deriTedfrom Leppe,Sax. a lip, signifying 

something hanging down loose and broad, 

incapable of inflicting any serious blow.] 

" I have got a flap of cold," that is I have 

been slightly struck with a cold. Naif, 

FLAP-JACK, s. A broad flat piece of 

pastry, called also an Apple-jack. 

A flat thin joint of meat, as the breast of a 

lean sheep or calf. Norf, 

A fried cake, made of butter, apples, &c., 

a fritter. Somerset. 

FLAPPER, t, A young wild duck which 

has just taken to wing, but unable to fly 

far. Norf. Hanis. WestJSwsex, 

FLAPS, s, Laige broad mushrooms. Norf. 

All these words are expressive of some 

thing in opposition to strong, stiff, or 

firm. 

FLARNECKING, adj. [To flare ; to shine 

brightly.] Flaunting with vu^ar osten- 

tatioa. Norf. 

FLARRANCE, s, [Corruption of flurry.] 

A bustle > hurry; as ''what a Flarrance 

you are in! i. e. " what a bustle you are 

in." Norf. 

To FLASH, V. a. To cut off the lower parts 

of the bushes belonging to a hedge, 

which overhang the bank or ditch. Norf, 

(To Plash a hedge is to interweave the 

branches; bat then whence comes 

Plash ?) 

FLASH, s, [Fluyssen, Belg. to flow.] A 

supply of water from the locks on the 

Thames, to assist the baiges. 

FLASHY, a4i, [Fluyssen, Belg.] Loose; 

unstable ; as applied to grass not sound, 

being full of water from a continuance 

of wet weather, Stissex. 

To FLATCH, v. a. To flatter. North. 

FLAUN, «. [Flans, Fr.] A custord. NoHh. 

FLAWS, «. [To flay.] Top sods for fuel. 

North. 
To FLAWTER,o. n. [Flitan, Ang. Sax. to 
scold.] To be angry or afraid. North. 
To FLAY, 9. a. [Flitan, Ang. Sax.] To 
friehten. North. 

FLA x-CRAW, s. A seaie-ciow, something 
to frighten birds. Craven. 

FLAYSUM,<M/. Frightful. DUto. 

FLAZZ, adj, I [Fledge.] Birds just fledged, 
FLAZZY, ) are said to be " Flazz." Keni, 
FLAZZAJID,*. A stout, broad-faced wo- 
man, dressed in a loose and glaring man- 
ner. . North. 
Foiby thinks it may be from '^Flashy,*' 
showy on the outside but having no- 
thing within, as grass which ^tovra 
quickly looks well to the eye, but is not 
very sound food. A showy person is 
called a Flashy one in Sussex. If John- 
son is right in calling " Flare" a corrup- 
tion of ** Glare," we may certainly derive 
'* Flazsard, from Blaze, Blayzard, Flage, 
Flayzard." 
FL£ACH£S» t, [Flyche, Dan. a flitch.] 

H. 



^8 



FLE. 



PLI. 



The portioM into which timber is cat by 

the law. Norf. 

PLEAD, «. [Fleche de lard, Fr. flitch of 

bacon.] The inside fat of a hog. HanU. 

Sussex, 

FLCAK, or FLAKE, «. [Flake, a thin layer 

of anything.] An occasional gate or 

hurdle set up in a gap. North, 

FLECK, s. pF'lex, Sax. flax.] The down 

of hares or rabbits. Norf. Hants, Sius. 

FLECKED, FLECKERED, fMrt, fMSS. 

[Fleck, Teut. a spot.] Spotted j dappled f 

speckled with differences of colour. Norf, 

FLEEOK, s. [Flack. Belg.] A number of 

staves or cords to dry oat-cake upon. 

Craven, 
A flitch of bacon. Ditto, 

To FL£ET, V. a. To skim or take off the 
surface or cream of the milk. North, 
FLEET, or FLEETED, adj. Milk that has 
been skimmed. North, 

FLIT-MILK, in East Sussex is skimmed 
milk. Cheshire, 

FLEETINGS, s. Curds or cream. Craven, 
FLEETING-DISH, s, A skimmer to take 
the cream from the milk. Norf. 

FLET-MILK,s. Skimmed milk. Norf, 

FIjET-CHEESE, s. Cheese made of skimmed 
milk. Norf. Svff. 

All these words have clearly but one'origin, 
and that seems to be '* Vlietan,*' Belg. 
to skim milk. 
FLEET, s, A flat bog. Craven, 

To FLEET, V, n. To be set afloat. A vessel 
is said to fleet when the tide flows suffi- 
ciently to enable her to move. E, Sussex, 
FLEET, 8, A channd filled by the high tide, 
but left very shallow and narrow ^at low 
water. Nor/, 

FLEET, adj. Shallow. Norf, 

FLIT, a4j. Shallow ; thin. Water is said 
to be '< flit" when there is but little of it. 
Land is said to be " flit" when the layer 
of good earth on the surface is slight. 
These words I should derive from ** Fleot,*' 
Sax. a bay or gulph, implying a spot 
not having such deep water as the sea, 
the sediment being deposited therein. 
To FLEET, or FLIT, v, n. [Flytter, Dan to. 
migrate in a body together.] To remove 
from one house to another. North. 

Ltncotn, Norf, fFarwkk, 
FLEGCED, or FUGGED, part, pats, [Flei- 
• gur, Isl. to fly.] Fledged. Norf, 

■FLETCHES, «. [Fleche, Fr. an arrow, ac- 
cording to Forby.] 

Green pods of peas. Norf, 

FLEW, FLEU, or FLUISH, adj, [Fluyssen, 

Belg. to flow. See flashy.] Washy; 

tender ; weak ; a flue horse is one that 

always looks thin, and will not carry flesh. 

North, Sussex, Hants. 
FLEMER, s. An expeller. Bailey, 

FLEM, s, A lancet for bleeding horses. 

West Sussex. HanU, 
Fleam, Phleme. F«niitii^. 



To FLICK, V, n. [FlickeD,GenD. to tear in 

pieces.] 

To cut. Bailey, 

To strike with the end of the lash of a 

whip. Hants, 

To pull out suddenly with some pointed 

instrument. Somerset. 

FLICK, s, A smart stinging slap. Norf, 

A sharp stroke given with the point of a 

whip-lash. Hants, 

FUCK-TOOTH-COMB, s. A comb with 

coarse teeth, for combing the hair. Som. 

FLICK, s. [Fl«>che de lard, Old Fr. flitch 

of bacon.] 

The meabrane loaded with fat, which the 

bellies of most animals have. Somerset, 

The outer fat of the hog, which is made 

into bacon. Norf. SpjffF, 

A flitch of bacon. Norf. St{f, North. 

FLIG, adj, [Fleigur, Isl. to fly.] Fledged ; 

able to fly. Norf, Suff, North, 

FLIGGURS, s. Young birds just ready to fly. 

South. 
To FLIGGER, v. n. [Fligheren, Belg. to 
flicker.] To quiver with convulsive mo- 
tion JVor/, 
FL1GGERS, ff. The common flag. Iris pseu- 
dacorus, from the fluttering of the leaves 
with every breeze. Norf, 
FLIGHT, s. Sea fowl- shooting. These 
birds always fly to their food at a certain 
hour in the evening, and over certain 
places ; those who wish to shoot them, 
attend at the proper time and place, and 
this is called " going to flight.** Hants, 

Sussex, 

To FLIGHTEN, v. n. [Flitan, Ang. Sax.] 

To scold. North, 

FLIGHT, s, A scolding match. North. 

FLIGHT,*. [Flyght, Sax.] A swarm of 

bees which flies from the parent hive. Nf. 

To FLIPE, V, a. To pull off. Craven. 

FLIPPERING, part, act, [Leppe, Sax. the 

lip.] Crying, when the lips are much 

disfigured. Craveru 

FURTIGIGS, «. [Flirt.] A wanton, fond 

lass. North. 

To FLISH, V, a, [Conuption of flash.] 

E. Sussex, 

To FLITCH, V, n. [See to fleet.] To move 

from place to place, or from farm to farm. 

Norfolk. 
FLITTER-MOUSE, s. [Flyght, Sax. and 
mouse.] 

A bat. Bailey, Grose. Penning. 

FLINDER-MOUSE, E. Sussex, Flutter- 
mouse. Hants. 
FLIX, s. [Flex, Sax. flax.] The fur of a 
hare. Kent, 
To FUZZ, or FIZ, v, n. [Fisa, Isl. to hiss.] 
To flv off ; to make a noise. Craven. 
FUZZING, s, A splinter. North. 

Fleegan, Sax. to fly. 
FLIZZOMS, s. Flying particles, or very 
small flakes in bottled lic^uors. 
The bees* wings in port wine. Norf, 



FLO. 



FLU. 



59 



To FLODDER-UP, r. ». [Flod,Sax. flood.] 

To overflow. Craven, 

FLOOR, «. An animal found in the livers of 

rotten sheep^ •imilar in shape to a flook, 

or flounder. Somerset, 

' In Hants and Sussex called sometimes 

Plaice and sometimes Flounders. 
FLOP, adv. [Corruption of flap.] Flat, as 
he fell down " flop." Ntyrf. 

To FLOP, V. n. To flap, as << the sail flops 
against the mast/' that is, clings to the 
mast for want of wind to keep it ex- 
tended. Susier.* 
FLOMAX, FLOMAKING, adj, [Perhaps 
from Flummery.] 
Untidy. Warxckk, 
FLOTHERY, «y. [Plotter, Fr. to float, 
implying something light and empty ; 
heavier things sinking to the bottom.] 
Gaudy, showy, but not good and solid. 

Warvofck, 
FLOTING, part* act* Preparing grass 
ground for burning. North, 

FLOTTEN-MILK, See Fleet or flit-milk. 
FLOURISH, s. [Floieo, Lat. to bloom.] 

A blossom. North, 

FLOURISH, adj. Light in carriage. North, 

To FLOUSH, V. n. [Fluyssen, Belg. to flow 

with violence.] To plash and beat water 

about with violence, as boys frequently 

do when bathing. Hants, 

FLOUSH-HOLB, s. A hole which receives 

the waste water from a mill-pond, and 

which being low, the water falls into it 

with great force. Hants, Wett Suss, 

FLOUTER,^. [Fluy ten, Belg. to flout; to 

deride.] A fright. North, 

To FLOUTER, v, a. To frighten. North, 

FLOW, cuij, [Flowan, Sax. to be in motion.] 

v^ wild ; uniractable. North. 

FLOWISH, adj. Light of carriage; im- 

modest. North, 

FLOWERY, adJ, [Floreo, Lat to bloom.] 

Florid, handsome, of a good complexion. 

North, 
FLOWTING, part. act. Carding wool to 
spin in the mixture. North. Grose, 

FLUCK, 8. [Fiuctuo. Lat. To flow about 
in different directions.] 
A flat fish. North. See flook. 
FLUE,a<i;. [See Flew.] Shallow. Norf, 
FLUE, 8. The coping of a gable, or end 
wall of a house. Norf. Qrose, 

FLUFF, 8* [Fleegan, Sax. to fly, preter. 
flew.] 
Down, as of a peach or of a hat. Kent, 

Sussex, Hants, Norf. 

FLUMP, adv. [Corruption of plump.] Flat, 

as be fell down ** flump." South. 

VLVHG, pal t. pass. Deceived. Craven, 

South. 
Deprived of the power of doing some- 
thing intended in consequence of the 
deception of another, and thus thrown 
or flung out of the course meant to be 
pursued. 



FLURCH, 8. Abundance ; Aplenty ; applied 



to things, not persons ; as '' a flurch of 

strawberries." North, 

FLU RING, 8. A brood. North. 

FLUSEl, 8, [Fluyssen, Belg. to flow with 

violence.] The stream from a mill-wheel. 

Norf.' 

FLUSH, ff. Fledged, able to fly, applied to 

young birds. Somerset. 

FLUSH, adJ, Even ; on a level ; as a stream 

unconflned will rise to the level of that 

from which it was^ parted. Norf, 

Even ; level. Sussex, Hants, 

(Fluyssen, Belg. to flow; water always 

seeking its level.) 

TbFLUSK, V. n, [From Flush.] To fly 

out, to quarrel. Craven, 

FLUSTER, 8. [Plush.] Hurry. Craven, 

Both these words imply haste and violence 

and come from Fluyssen, Belg. 

FLUZZED, part. pass. Bruised ; blunt and 

jagged at the points. North. 

FLYBYTHSKY, adj. [Fly by the sky, 

Flighty.] Haughty, unsteady, volatile. 

Craven. 

To FLYRE, V. n. [Fleer, hleare, Sax. to 

leer.] To laugh. North. 

FLY RifiGt part, act. Laughing} fleering or 

sneering; also flattering. North. 

To FLYTE, V. a. [See to Flighten.] To 

scold. North. 

FOAL-FOOT, 8. Colt's foot. North. 

To FOB, V. n. To froth as beer does when 

poured out quickly. E, Sussex. 

FOB, 8. The froth on beer, also the foam of 

a horses' mouth. E. Sussex. 

FOG, FOGGE, s. Long grass. North. 

After-grass. Craven. 

Long grass, growing in pastures in late 

summer or autumn, not fed down, but 

allowed to stand through the winter. 

Norf. 

[According to Skinner, who is followed 

by Forby, this comes from Affogare, 

Ital. ; but 1 would venture to suggest it 

is rather from Fegan, Sax, the fag end.J 

FOGEY, s. An eccentric old man is called 

an old Fogey. Hants. 

FOGGER, 8. [Fegan, Sax.] A huckster ; 

a petty chapman carrying small wares 

from village to village. Norf. 

FOl, 8, [Foison, Sax. abundance.] A 

treat at going abroad or coming home. 

Kent. 

FOISON, s. [Foin, Fr. hay, sain, Fr. sound.] 

The juice or moisture of grass or other 

herbs constituting their goodness. Grose. 

South. 

*' There is no foison in this hay." Norf, 

FOISON LESS, adj. Without foison. Norf. 

FOIST, adj. Fusty, mouldy. North. 

FOIZON, s. [Fi.] Plenty. Essex. Sussex. 

See Foi. 
FOKY, adj. [Faux, Fr. false.] 

Bloated, unsound ; soft and woolly, as " a 
foky turnip.'' Norf. 



60 



FOL. 



FOR. 



FOLD OF STiUW, s. [Being as much as | 
a man can fold in his arms.] A sheaf or 
bundle of straw. North. 

FOLDGARTH, 8. [Fold and garth from 
girth^ gird, to inclose.] 
A form jfard. North. 

FOLD-PRITCH, s. [Fold and priccan, Sax. 
to piercew] A pointed iron bar used io 
make holes in the ground to receive the 
feet of wattles. Norf. 

FOMARD or FOMART, 9. [Faoi, Fr. 
Marte, Fr. a martin, a kind of weasel.] A 
polecat, so called from its fetid smell. Cra. 

FOND, 04/. [Fundian, Sax.] Silly, stupid, 

Idiotical. North. 

Luscious, fulsome, disagreeably sweet in 

taste or smell. Noff» 

FOND or FONDUNG, ». A silly fellow. 
An idiot. North. 

FONDLY, adv. Foolishly. North. 

FOND-PLUFF, *. [Fond and ploegh, Belg. 
a plough.] An ancient custom, says 
; Grose, not yet quite extinct, of the youth 
of each parish to drag a plough from 
village to village, on twelfth day, collect- 
ing money to make merry with. Each 
party is headed by ** Mab and his Wife," 
Mn disguise, with their faces blackened, 
and a kind of Harlequin dress. Grose 
adds, be can not trace the origin of the 
custom. May it not signify the release of 
the plough preparatory to the farm opera- 
tions of the spring, the winter solstice 
having been just passed ? 

To FOOAZ, V. a. To level the surface of 
a fleece of wool with the shears. North. 

FOORE, «. [Fnrh. Sax.] A furrow. North. 

FOOT-ALE, #• '\ North. C Beverage re- 

FOOTING-ALE, f iVor/. \ quired from one 

FOOTING, 9. ySc/ulh. < entering on any 

J new occupation 
vor office. 
These words all originate in " Foot," the 
fine being paid on a person's first setting 
foot, as it were, in a new place. 

FOOTER, «. A stroke or kick at a foot 
ball. North. 

FOOTING-TIME, *. The time when a lying 
in woman first gels up. Norf. 

FOOTY, adj. Despicable, insignificant, 
pahry. Hants. Sussex. Somerset. 

FOOTER, 8. [Foutre, Fr.] A scurvy fellow, 
a term of contempt. Nanis. Somerset. 

FORAU, adv. [For all ; for all that.] Not- 
withstanding. Craven. 

FORCE, s. A waterfall, from its violence 
or power. Craven, 

To FORCE, V, a. To fatten cattle ; artifi- 
cial and powerful food being nsed for the 
purpose. Norf. 

FOREIGNER, «. A stranger ; applied to 

one of another county. Norf. 

At Rye in East Sussex, that part of the 

parish which lies out of the boundary 

of ttie corporation is called the'* Foreign 

of Rye." 



FOR&-END, s. The foreliand of a horse. 
Tlie early part of life. Craven. 

FORE-ELDERS, s. Ancestors. Craven, 
7bFOR£HEET, «. a. [Fore and heed.] 
To predetermine or to determine against 
a measure. North. 

FORE. RIG IfT, adj. Obstinate, head- 
strong, determined, as it were, to go right 
fomard, let what will be in the way. 

Sussex, 
FORESTEAD, s. [For. !s1. a passage, and 
Sled, Sax. a place.] A ford. Craven, 

FORE-SUMMERS, s. [Fore and Trabs 
summaria the principal beam.] 
The forei>ait of a cart, a sort of platform 
projecting over the shafts; common 
some years ago in Norfolk ; common 
also formerly in Hampshire, and still 
frequently seen in London. 
FOREWAUDEN, part. pats. Over-run with 
lice or dirt. North. 

To FORGIVE, V. n. To thaw. Norf. 

Forby observes this is by no means an 
inexpressive metaphor, and I agree with 
him, for '' 10 forgive" means " to 
remit," and when the thaw comes the 
frost remits. In Sussex and Hampshire 
they use ** to give*' in the same sense. 
To FORHINDER, v. a. [Fore and hinder.] 
To prevent. Norf 

FORKIN-ROBIN, s. [So called from its 
forked tail.] An earwig. Norths 

FOROLDED, part, pass. Worn out with 
age. Hants. 

FORLORN, aeU. [Forloren, Sax. to lose.] 
Worthless reprobate, and hence lost, aban- 
doned. Norf. 
To FORMEL, FORMET, or FORMAT, v. n. 
[Formo&l, Sax. a bargain.] To order or 
bespeak anything. ^ North. 
FORSTAL or FOSTAL, s. [Fore and stal, 
Belg. a stall or shed.] A farm yard which 
was pretty generally in former times in the 
front of the house. £. Sussex. 
A way leading from the high road to a 
great house. Norf, 
A paddock near a farm house. E. Sussex. 
FORTHEN, FORTHY, adv. Therefore. A 
clear transposition of the syllables. North. 
FORREL, s. The cover of a book. Somerset, 
FORWEEN'D, par^poM. [Fore and weaned.] 
Humoursome, difficult to please as a 
child is, when weaned beforehand or too 
soon. SomersH, 
FOSS, s. [Ffos, Brit, a ditch.] A waterfall, 
which forms a ditch or deep cavity. North, 
FOSSPLE, s. The impression of a horse's 
hoof on soft ground. Cumb. Grose, ^ho 
offers no origin for the word. I shall 
attempt one though to some it may appear 
far-fetched. Ffos, Belg. is a ditch a low 
place, a cavity ; and to Pell, from Palus, 
a pool, in E. Sussex, sii^nifies to wear a 
hole in the ground by the fiowing of 
water ; thus Fossple, will signify a ditch- 
hole, though a horse's footstep is not per- 



PAU. 



FRA. 



61 



haps quite deep enough to be called a 

f ditch, still it may be deoominated a 
pool. 

FOUD^ <. A fold. Craven. 

FOUL, «. An ulceroue [therefore a foul] 
iore in a cow's foot. Ciaioen. 

FOULDAGE, 9. The liberty of folding 
sheep by night. Norf, Bailey. 

FOURS, POURINGS, ». [From Four, being 
taken at that hour.] An afternoon meal 
in harvest time. Norf, 

FOURUM, «. [Fyrmtha, Sax. a seat.] A 
bench. Craven. 

FOUSE, FAWS, 8. [Vos, Belg.] A fox. 

Craven. 

To POUTER, V. a. [See to Falter.] To 
thrash off the awns of barley. Craven. 

Fours, s. [Pantor, Lat. a favourer.] In- 
dulged children. Craven. Pools. 

FOUTRY, adj. [See fooly.] Paltry, trum- 
pery, despicable. ' Norf. 

FOUZEN, f. [Poison, Fr. plenty.] Sub- 
stantial goodness. North. 

FOW, 8. A fowl. Cheshire. 

FOY, 8. [Poi, Pr. time season.] A supper 
given by the owners of a fishing vessel 
at Yarmouth, to the crew, at the begin- 
ning of the season. Sometimes called a 
" Bendins-foy," from the sails then being 
first bent for the season. Norf, 

FOZY, adj. [See Foky.] 

FOSSUCK, 8. [Pus, Sax. ready, or over- 
ready.] A troublesome person. Warvo. 

FOSSIKING, adj. Troublesome. Waryt. 

FRA, fnrep, [Pre, Dan.] From. Cravtfn. 

To FKACK, v. n. To abound ; to swarm ; 
to be thronged or crowded together, as 
" the churching was Fracking full.** " My 
apple trees are as full as they can Frack." 

Norf. 

[Frico, Lat. to rub, things when thick 

together, being apt to rub each other .'] 

To FRAIL, V. a. [Frayel, Fr. to fray.] 
To fret or wear out cloth. Norf. 

PRAM, PRIM, PROW, at^. [Pramur, Isl. 
soft.] Tender, brittle. Craven. 

7b FRAME, v. a. [Premman, Sax. to 

plan.] To attempt. Craven. 

To speak or behave affectedly, as though it 

were on some fixed plan. Norf. 

FRAME-PERSON, 8. A visitor whom it is 
thought necessary to receive ceremo- 
niously ; that is agreeably to some frame 
or plan. Norf. 

FRAMPLED, adj. Peevish, cross, fretful, 
froward, South. Norf. Penning. 

[May not this be a corruption of Rum- 
pled ?] 

FRANDISH, aiif. [Query, corrupted from 
ftantic ?"] Passionate, obstinate. North. 

To PR APE, V. a. [Threapian, Ang. Sax.] 
To reprove or chide. Kent. 

FRAPS, 8. [Prapper, Pr. to beat.] A noise, 
also a boasting person. Craven. 

To FRAP, V. a. [Prapper, Fr.] To beat. 

E. Su88ex. 



To PRASE, V, a. [Prayer, Pr. to fray.] To 

break. NoHh. 

PRATCH, 8. [Fray.] A quarrel both in 

jest and in earnest. North. 

FRAY, prep. [Pra. Dan.] From. North. 

To PRAZLE, V. a. [Prayer, Pr. to fray ] 

To unravel or rend cloth. Norf. 

PRAZLINGS, 8. Threads of cloth, torn or 

unravelled. Craven. 

FRECKENS, s. [Froecn, Ang. Sax. filth, 

dirt.] Freckles. Notf. 

PREELEGE,«. Privilege, immunity. North. 

[Free and Lex. law, free of law.] 
PREELF, PRAIUES, 8. [Prom Free and 
Frail, Free, applied to land, signifies light, 
friable, easily pulverised, frail, brittle.] 
Light unsubstantial delicacies for the 
table ; frothy compliments. 
Tawdry trumpery. Noif. 

FREMMED, adj. *)Premd, fremitling. 

FREMT or FRIMM'D, > Ang. Sax. a 

3 stranger. 
Par off ; not related to ; strange, or at 
enmity with. North. 

FRENCH, adj. [The [French and English 
having been for too long a period at war 
with each other, a strong enmity, nay, 
almost an antipathy in some parts of the 
country has grown up towards them; 
hence *' French'^ would naturally be ap- 
plied as a word of hatred or reproach. 
Thanks to a long peace and to the march 
of intellect, this feeling has now in a great 
measure subsided.] Angry, passionate, 
violently opposed to any one, as though 
entertaining as strong an enmity to him 
as if he were really French. Norf. 

FRENCHMAN,<. A stranger of any country, 
who cannot speak English. Norf. 

Thus in East Auglia any man not under- 
standing their dialect is said to be a 
Shireman. So says Forby. It is thus 
also in Kent and Sussex, and probably in 
Surrey, Middlesex and Essex, which 
with Norfolk and Suffolk, are all adjoin- 
ing counties, not having this termination 
of Shire to their names. 
FRENCH-NUT, «. A walnut ; great nom- 
ben of this fruit being imported from 
France. Somerset. 

FRESH, FRESHES, ff. A flood or over- 
flowing of a river ; so called because the 
water is fresh in contradistinction to salt, 
which is the nature of sea water. Norf. 

Craven. North. 8u88. 

FRESH, 8. Home-brewed, Uble-beer, which 

not being very strong, requires to be drunk 

while quite new or fresh. Norf. S^f. 

Hants. Suss. 

FRESHER, 8. A small fiog ; being young 

and fresh. Norf. 

FRESH, a^j. [Prex, Sax. brisk.] Tipsey, 

not drunk, having had just liquor enough 

to be lively or merry. Norf. VoriL Suss. 

Rainy, [rain water being fresh]. North, 

FRESK, s. [Fresc, Sax. brisk.] A fcog. North. 



62 



FRI. 



FRU: 



To FRIDGE, V. a. To fret or rub in pieees. 

North. 
[Frieay Lat. to rab.] 
FRIGHTFUL, tufj. Apt to take fright. Norf. 
Not improper, as an alarmed person is fall 
of fright. 
P^ Threatening, inspiring fright* E. Suuex. 
FRIM, adj\ [Fremman, Sax. to frame.] 
Handsome, rare, well-liking. North. 

FRIM or FRUM, adj. [May From be a 
corruption of trumpery, from Fromp, Fr. 
to deceive.] Brittle. 
[Frumpeler, Belg.] 
To FRIMICATE, e. n. [Fremman, Sax. to 
frame.] To play the fribble ,* to aflfect 
delicacy, framing one's actions as it were 
by some fixed rule. Norf. 

FRIM-FOLKS,«. [Fremde, Germ. a stranger.] 
Strangers. Ldne» 

To FRIST, V. a. [Fristen, Germ, to post- 
pone.] To sell goods on trust. North, 
FRITH, «. [See Firth.] 
FRITCH, a4j. Intimate, sociable. Hants. 
To FRIZE, V. n. [Frysan, Sax.] To freeze. 

Norf. 
FROBLY-MOBLY, adv. Indifferently well. 

South, BaUey. Grose. 
FROG-SPrr, s. [See Cuckoo-spit.J Norf. 
FROISE, s. [Frysan, Belg. to fry.] A pan- 
cake. Norf. 
FRONTSTEAD, a, [Front and sted. Sax. 
a place ; the farm yard formerly having 
been generally in front of the house for 
the convenience of the master's over- 
looking it.] 

A farm yard. York. 

FROSH, FROSK, 9. [Frosch, Teut.] A 
frog. f North. 

FROUGH, adj. [Vrowe, Dutch, a woman, 
hence, tender, delicate.] Brittle. Craven. 
Loose, spongy, brittle. North. 

FROW, FROWDY, FRUGGAM,«. [Vrowe, 
Belg. a dirty woman, also a wife.] 
A woman. Craven. 

An idle, dirty woman. North. 

FROWER, s. An edge tool, used in cleav- 
ing laths. South. 
FROUZY, a^'. [Vrowe. Belg. a dirty 
woman.] Blouzy, with disordered and 
uncombed hair. • Norf. 
Red in the face from work or walking. 

Sussex. 

FROWY5 adj. [Vrowe, Belg. A slut.] 

Stale, on the point of turning sour from 

being over kept. Norf. 

FRUGAL, oc^'. [Frig. Ang. Sax. free.] 

Liberal, open, lavish. Norf. 

FRUGGAN, s. The pole with which the 
ashes are stirred in the oven. North. 

To Frig about in the South signifies to 
fiddle faddle, to meddle officiously, or 
stir about other people's affairs. Frig 
and Froggan probably spring from the 
same root ; but then what is that root ' 
FRUM and FLUSH, adj. Full and over- 
flowing. fVarw. 



[Fluyssen, Belg. to flow with violence, 

odfers a root for flush ; may Frum be from 

'' Fram" Sax. from, if a river overflows 

it leaves or comes /rom its bed.] 

FRUMP, 8. A sour, ill-humoured person, 

more .particularly an old woman. Norf. 

Suff. Hants. 
FRUN DLE, 8. I Two pecks. North. 

FRUNDELE, ( 

To FRUMPLE, v. a. To rumple or wrinkle. 

Norf. 
FRUMPY, acy. Having a sour ill-tempered 
look. Norf. 

1 consider these three last words to come 
from Rompelen, Belg. to rumple ; a per- 
son when put out of humour is com- 
monly said to be rumpled. 
7b FRUMP, V. a. [Frumpelen, Belg. to 
deceive.] To trump up a story which is 
not true. Somerset. 

To FRUMP, V. a. [Frompeen, ^Belg. to 
deceive.] To rebuke, to treat with rude- 
ness. North. 
FRUTTACE, s. Fritters. Craven. 
FRUTTACE-WEDNESDAY, s. Ash- Wed- 
nesday when fritters were generally eaten. 

Craven. 
FUB, 8. A fat Fub, is a plump little child. 

BaUey. 

To FUD, V. n. [Pot, Sax. a foot.] To kick 

with the feet. Craven. 

FUDD1N,«. A kick, literally a footing. 

Craven. 
To FUFF, V. n. To blow or puff. Craven. 
FUDGY, 8. A little fat person. Craven. 

[Perhaps from to fldge or fidget, fatpersons 
being apt to be fidgety.] 
FUKES, s. Locks of hair. North. 

FULCH or VULCH, «. A pushing stroke 
with the fist directed upwards. fFest. 

FUFFY, adj. Light and soft. Craven. 

[Flyg. IsK to fly, hence Flue ; in Hamp- 
shire Fluff, from fluff, fuff, fuffy.] 
FULL, adj. Drunk, unable to take more. 

Craven. 
FULL-DUE, s. A final acquittance. Norf. 
FULL-FLOPPER, s. A young bird suffi- 
ciently feathered to leave the nest, but 
unable to fly very strong. Norf. See 
Flapper. 
FULL-BUT, adv. With direct impetuosity 
towards some object, as an arrow, when 
well aimed, goes full against the *' but" 
or mark it is flred at. Craven. Sussex. 

FULL-PITCH, adv. [Full and Piteh, degree.] 
At the utmost. To plough at <* FuU- 
pitch"is to plough to the full depth of the 
soil. Norf. 

FULL-STATED, pare. |NiM. Said of a lease- 
hold estate -that has three lives on it, 
having its stated or proper number. 

Essex. 

FULL-WEET-SHORrST,*!*;. [Wee Scotch 

little.] A little too short. Craven. 

FUMP, s. The material circumstances of a 

story ; the cream of the jest. fVest. 



FUN. 



GAB. 



63 



FUN, part, pan. Found. Crtmen. 

FUNK, f. [Funke, Dan. embers^] Touch- 
wood. Norf. 

To FUR, r. a. To throw, that is to make 
the thing thrown go Fur or far. Somerset. 

FUR-CUM, «. The bottom, what comes 
from the bottom comes fur or far. Also 
the whole. Somerset. 

FURED, part. pass. [Faran, Sax. to go.] 
Went. North. 

FURENDEL, s. Two gallons. North. 

FURLONG, s. [Fur, Dan. furrow and along.] 
The line of direction of ploughed lands. 

Norf. 
A division of an un inclosed corn-field. 

FURNER, «. [Fumus, Lat. an oven.] A 
baker. * Kent. 

FUR7E-CHUCKER, s. [From the bush it 
frequents and the sound it utters.] The 
whin-chat. Hants. 

FUSSOCK, s. A coarse fat woman. North. 
See Fossuck. 

FUSTILUGGS, s. A big-boned person. 

Somerset. 

FUSITM, adj. Handsome. North. 

FUTT, adj. [Futilis, Ut. foolish.] Silly, 
foolish. Bants. 

FUZEN-FUZZEN,*. [Foison, Fr. plenty.] 

FTJZZON. Nourishment. North. 

FUZZY, adj. [Firs, Sax. furze,] Rough 

and shaggy. Norf. 

Abounding in furze. Hants. 

Light and spongy. North. 

FUZ, s. [Voose, Teut.] Furze. Hants. 

FUZZ-BALL, s. [Fisa, Isl. to hiss.] A 
fungus which being broken makes a slight 
hissing sound emitting a dry powder. 
North. In Hampshire called Puff balls. 

FY-LOAN, adv. A word used to call home 
cows to be milked. North. 

FURNISy s. [Fumus, Lat. an oven.] A 
large vessel or boiler used for brewing 
and other purposes, it is always fixed up 
with bricks and mortar, and surrounded 
with flues. Somerset. Hants, 

Being generally made of copper they are 
commonly so called. 



G. 



GAB, 8. [Gabbaren, Belg. to gabble.] 
Chat ; great flow of words, generally im- 
plying idle ones. " She has the gift of 
the Gab," means she talks incessantly. 

Sussex, Hants. 

GABBARD, adj. Laige and old; out of 

repair; as "a great Gabbard house." 

Berks. 

Perhaps from " Gabbaren'* also, the wind 

whistling and making a great noise 

throuerh old, decayed houses. 

GABBL&RATCHETS, s. [Gabbaren, Belg. 

to gabble.] Birds which make a g^reat 

noise in the air in the spring evenings. 

Noiih. 



GABERDINE, s. A loose frock, worn by 
carters and farmer's servants, differing 
from a round frock, in being open in front 
with buttons to close it if required. Kent. 

Eeutt Sussex. 
GAD, 8. [Gad, Sax. a large club.] 
A long stick. North. 

[Gaad, Sax.] A goad. DUto. 

To GAD or GADDE, v. n. [Gadaw, Brit, 
to forsake.] To run about from one per- 
son's house to another's, without having 
any business there. North. South. 

GAERN, «• [A coarse corruption.] Garden. 

Somerset. 

To GAG, V. a. To nauseate ; to reject with 

loathing, as though the throat were 

closed or gagged Norf. 

To make an unsuccessful effort to vomit. 

Norf. 
(Geagy Sax, the jaws, they being moved, 
though uselessly, when a person feels a 
desire to vomit and cannot. 
GAGER, s. [Gauge.] An exciseman, who 
frequently has to gauge casks. Craven. 
GAGE, s. [Gauge, a measure.] A bowl or 
tub to receive the cream, as it is succes- 
sively skimmed off; being the measure 
hj which to know when there is suffi- 
cient for churning. Norf. 

GAGGER, 8. A non-conformist, one who 
formerly was gagged as it were, not hav- 
ing been allowed to speak or preach. Nf. 
GAGY, adj. Showery. E. Sussex. 

GAIN, adj. [Gagner, Fr. to obtain profit.] 
Handy; dextrous; convenient. 
•'The land lies very gain for me.*' «I 
bought this horse very gain, that is, 
cheap," both -expressions evidently im- 
plying that gain is to be made by the 
transaction of taking the land, and by 
the purchase of the horse. Norf. 

GAIN,prvD. [Agen, Sax. against or close 
to.] Near. Craven. 

Perhaps Agen, Sax. is a proper derivation 
of Gain in this sense, and gagner, Fr. in 
the other. 
GAIN, ai^\ Convenient ; handy. Hants. 
GAINEST-WAY, s. The nearest way; the 
road bv which the most time is to ;be 
gained by going. North. 

To GAIN-COPE, V. a. [Gagner, Fr. to gain 
and Cope a recompense.] 
To cross a fleld the nearest way, in order 
to meet with something. South. 

GALE, «• An old bull castrated. Somerset. 
(Can this be derived from Galer, Fr. to 
gall, or make sore by rubbing the 
skin; the bull is certainly made very 
sore by the operation of castration.) 
GALE-CLEAR, s. [Gyle, Belg. foam.] A 
tub of wort; the wort being put into it 
for the purpose of fermenting, to work'off 
the yeast. North. 

GALE, or GUILE-FAT, s. [Gyle, Belg. 
foam, and Fat, Sax. a tub.] 
The vat in which the beer is put to work 
off the yeast. North. 



64 



GAL. 



GAM. 



GALE, or GTTIL.E-OISII, s. A tun dUh 

used in brewing. North. 

To GAITCORN, v. a. To set up sheavea of 

corn on the end in vet weaiher, for the 

purpose of drying them. Cra»en. 

GAIT, 8, [Gait. Scotch, way Gate, Ang. Sax.] 

A right of stray for a cow or horse, &c., 

in a common field. North, 

Road. ^dto. 

GAITARDS, adv. \ [Gait,Scotch,and Wcard, 

GAITWARDS, $ Sax. wards» or towards. 

The same way. Craven. 

7bGALD£R,v. n. [Galdor, Ang. Sax. in- 
cantation.] To prate in a coarse, vulgar, 
noisy manner. Norf. 

GALDIMENT, s. A great fright. Somerset. 
(Galding, Teut. is sudden; and a great 
fright is generally occasioned by some 
sudden, unexpected event. 
CALDER, $. Coarse vulgar prate ; v^ry 
noisy and nonsensical. Norf, 

GALLIED, part. pass. [See galdiment.] 

Frightened. Somerset. 

To GALLY, V. a. To frighten. Somerset. 

GALLIMENT, s. A great fright. DiUo. 

GALLIBEGGAR, s. [To gaily and beggar.] 

A bugbear. Somerset. 

GALLIER,«. A fright. Ghuc. 

GALUC-HANDED, adj. [Gauche^ Fr. Uft.] 

Left-handed. Craven. 

GALLIGANTING, part. act. Somerset. 

GALLIVANTING, [Gallanting.] Hants. Suss. 

Wandering about in gaiety and enjoyment, 

applied chiefly to the association of the 

sexes. 

GALLOWAY, s. A horse of a small species, 

but larger than a pony ; so called from 

resembling the breed in the County of 

Galloway, in Scotland. North* South. 

GALLOPPED-BEER, <. Small beer made 

for present drinking, by simply boiling 

small quantities of malt and hops to|^e- 

ther in a kettle ; so called from being 

made in haste, gallopped, as it were, into 

beer. Norf. 

GALLOOR, or GALORE, «. [Scotch.] 

Plenty. NoHh. 

GALORE, adv. In abundance. E. Suss. 

GALLOW-BALK, s. '\ [Gallows and Balk.] 

OALLY-BALK, f The iron bar in chim- 

/nies, on which the 
^pot-hooks are hung. 
Norf. NoHh. 
A trammel. North. 

GALLY-BIRD, s. A woodpecker. E. Suss. 
GALL, s. A vein of sand in a stiff soil, 
through which the water oozea; these 
Yeins are called sand-galls. Norf. Suff, 
A defect in a tree. Sussex. 

GALLY-LANDS, s. Lands full of sand- 
galls. 
These words seem to come from Oaler, Fr. 
to g^ll or injure by rubbing. 
GAM-LEG, f. [Gam, Brit, crooked and Leg.] 
A lame leg. Craven. 

GAME-LEG, $. Norf. Sus8. Htmis. 



GAMBRIL. «. [Gram, Brit, crooked, Cambr(», 
French.] A crooked piece of wood placed 
between the hind legs of a slaughtered 
sheep, for the purpose of spreading, and 
of suspending it. Somerset. Hants. 

G AMASHES, GAMASHERS, GAMOGINS, 

GAMBADOES, 9. [These words all seem 
to claim one origin, which is lambe, Fr. 
the leg.] The three first words are used 
in the North ; the last in the South. The 
first are short spatterdashes worn 
by ploughmen ; the latter were (for they 
are now no longer known) immense large 
cases of leather, open on the inner side 
above tlie foot, in which men placed their 
legs when on horseback, to keep their 
shoes and stockings clean. • 

To GAMMER, v. n. [Corrupted from Grand- 
mother; old women not being able or 
willing to work much.] 
To idle. Grose. NoHh. 

GAMMERSTANG, $. [Gammer, an old wo- 
man or grandmother, and Steng, Belg. a 
staff; young children being the staff or 
support of the old.] 
A hoyden; an awkward girl. Craven. 

Or it may mean as alx>ve. Gammer, ^to 
idle ; hence an idle staff. 

GAMEREL, s. The small of the leg. Som. 

GAMY, a4f. [Query, Gummy]. Sticky ; 
dirty. Hants. 

GAN, imp. mood* [Gaqgen, Belg. to go.] 
Go. North. 

G'AND, orG'ENDER, adv. [Geond, Sax. 
Yond.] Go yonder. Somerset. 

To GANDER, v. n. [Gangen* Belg. to go.] 
to gad about ; to ramble. Norf. 

(Or Geond, Sax. yonder.) 

GANGER, s. A goer ; a speedy horse. Novf. 

To GANG, 9. n. Togo. Craven.. [Ciaugen, 
Belg.] 

GANGRELLS,«. [Gangen, to go.] People 
going about as pedlars. North. 

GANNY.COCK, s. A turkey-cock. Somerset. 

GANNY-COCK'S SNOB,«. The long mem- 
branous appendage at the beak of a tur- 
key-cock. Somerset. 

GA'D'WlNG,txirf. ac(. Chiding. Somerset. 

GANORILL, or GANGERILL, s. [Gan- 
gen, Belg. to go and Rill a small stream, 
toads frequent such places.] 
A toad. Norths 

GANNERHEAD, s. [Perhaps from Gander, 
as goose is frequently used to imply a 
stupid person.] A stupid person; a 
dunce. South. 

(UNSE, or GANTS, s. Merriment; bila« 
rity. E. Sussex. 

GANTY, a<(/. Full of Chants. Ditto. 

GANT, a4f\ [Gaunt.] Slim; slender. 

E.Stusex. 

GANTREE, s. [Gang and Tree.] 
A frame of wood to support barrels placed 
in a row or gang. NoHh, 

GANT, s. [Gangen, Belg. CSan, Ang. Sax. to 
go.] A village feir or wake. Norf, 



.M^i. 



GAR. 



GAT. 



65 



GANTY-GUTTED, adj [Gaunt and got.] 
Gaunt, lean and lanky. Norf. 

GAPE-SEED, 8, Any object to pleaM the 
eye^ chiefly applied to paning objects, 
•ucb as are aaen in itreeta of towns, or 
great thoroughfares, cleariy implying 
•omething to gape or stare at. North, 

South, 
GAPE'SNEST* t. A nxee^ow, or fine 
sight. SmmtmI. 

GAPESTICK^ f, A laige wooden spoon, to 
admit which into the mouth, it is neces- 
sary to open it wide, or to " gape." Norf, 
GAP, «. The openings throu^ the chalk 
cliffs on the South Downs leading to the 
tea> are called gaps; aa Birling Cap. 
Copperas Gap, &c. 
To GAR, r. a. [Gior> Dan.] To compel; 
to force or make a person do a thing. 

NoHh. 
GARE, s. The iron work for wheels, wa- 
gons, &c., is called ire-gare ; that is iron- 
gear. 

Accoutrements. Somenel, 

(Georre, 8az. furniture.) 

GARE-BRAINED, or HAIR-BRAINED, 

adj. Heedless. South. 

GARFITS, #. Garbage. North. 

GARGUT;GARGET,s. A disease incident 

to cattle. Norf, [Garan, Sax. ulcer.] 
To GARLE, 9. a. To mar butter in the 
making, by handling it in summer with 
hot hands. Norf. 

GARN, «. [Gearn.Sax.] Yarn. North. 
It may be well to observe here, that many 
words which we now spell with a y liave 
their originals spelled with a g, as yes 
from ** Gise,** Sax. ; yonder from " Ge* 
ond," yeast from Gest, Sai.; and yarn 
from Gearn. Lambard, in his perambu- 
lation of Kent, 1$76, notices the same 
thing, and gives as an instance, Geborn, 
Gbom, Born, 
GARN, t. Gamer, from Grenier, Fr. Berki, ' 
GARTH, «. A yard ; a backside ; a croft; 
a brm-garth ; a church-garth ; a stack or 
rirk-garth. North. 

(Garben, Germ, a garden ; or Gurt, Belg. 
to gird, whence; comes giitb, garth, a 
girdle ; an iaclosure.) 
A girth, also s small inclosure. Craven. 
G ARTLESS, adj. [Gart, Norm. Fr. Garde, 
Fr. guard and less ; without guard or care.] 
Heedless; thoughtless. Norf. 

GARZIL, $. Hedging-wood or thorns used 



GASTRID, a«ii. [Qaat and ridden.] Ghost 

ridden: frightened. 
GAT, 9. [Gate, Sax a Way.] An opening 
in the great-sand bank which lies at the 
back of Yarmouth Roads ; there are seve- 
ral, as Fisherman's Gap, &c. Aoi/. 
A Street. lineolMhire, 
A Way, Path, or Street. North. 
A passage through rocks or cliffs to the 
sea, called a Sea-Gale. KeiU. 
A Farm -yard. Hanit. 
To " Gang your Gate'' is to go about your 
business. North, 
To '* Get a Gate" is to begi n . North. 
GATE-SHORD, $. [Gate and Shard, a frag- 
ment, which being broken from anything 
causes an opening or vacancy in that 
part.] A gateway, a j^ce for a Gate. 

Somer$eim 

GATFER, 8, [Gaffer, Grandfather.] An old 

man. Somertet. 

GATHERING,^. The act of rolling com* 

swathes into cops or bundles. Norf, 

GATTER-BUSH, GATTKIDGE, «. Norf. 

GATTRIDGE, «. South. 

GATTEN-TREE, «. Penning, 

The Cornus sangninea, wild dog-wood. 

[Gate, Treow, Ang. Sax. Cornus.] 

GATTLE HEAD, $, A forgetful person. 

South. 

GAUBY, t. A stupid fellow. Smi- Hants. 

GAUDY, s. [Gaudeo, Lat. to rejoice or 

Gaude, Fr. a showy flower.] 

A Feast Day ; a Holiday. Eesex. 

GAUKY, GAWKY, s. [Geac, Sax, a Gawk 

or Cuckoo.] A foolish fellow. fVarw. 

An overgrown dunce. Sugtex, Hants. 

GAUKY, adj. Vacant ; awkward. North. 

7V»GAUK-ABOUT,«. ft. To stare about 

vacantly. Sussex. Hants. 

GAUCUM, «. Sussex, Hants. Somerset. 

GAUL, s. A leaver. Lancashire. 

GAULS, s. [Galer, Fr. to gall; to rub off 

the skin.] Void spaces in coppices. Essex, 



in making a dead hedge. 



Notih. 



Does Garzil come from Gaxel, the wild 
plum. 

GARTLE-HEADED, s. A tfaoughtle» per- 
son. Norf. 

GAS, or GHAST-GOW, s. [Gast, Sax. a 
Ghost.] A cow which doea not produce 
a calf in the season; unproductive as a 
ghost. Norf. 

7Vi GASTER, 9. a To frighten suddenly; 
to startle, as a Ghost would. North. 



GAULY, adj. Bare, as spots in a coro-fleld, 
where the seed has not grown. Hants. 

GAULICK, or GAUUSH. HANDED, adj. 
[Gauche, Fr.] Left-handed. North, 

GAULT, s. Brick-earth ; occasionally any 
sort of heavy or adhesive earth. Norf, 

To GAUM, V. a. [Gaumgan, Goth.] To 
know; to distinguish. Craven* 

GAUMLESS, adj. Ignorant ; vacant. Ditto. 

GAUNTRY, s. See Gantree. 

GAUPEN, GOUPEN, s. [Gaupn, Isl. the 
hollow of the hand.] As much of any- 
thing as will lie in both hands. Craven* 

GAUPS, $, [Gape.] A vacant staring per- 
person. Sussex. Hants, 

To GAUP, V n. To stare; to gape. North, 

Norf. 

GAUSTERING, atHj. Imperious; boasting. 

North. 

GAUT, s, [Gatkt, Goth. Gell.] A castrated 
pig. Craven. 

I. 



m 



GAV. 



GEU. 



Ta GAU VE, v/n. [Gaupen, Belg. to Gape.] 

To stare vacantly. Craven' 

GAUVISON, «. A silly, staring fellow. Cra. 

GAVELOCKyf. [Gaveloc, ADg. Sax.] An 

iron crow or lever. Craven. 

To GAVV, V, a. To give. Craven. 

GAWBY««. [Ganpen, Belg. to gape.] A 

dance; fool; blockhead. North. 

GABY, «. South. 

GAWN, 8. A Gallon. Chethire. 

-A corruption. 
GAWN-PAIL, g. A pail with a handle on 
one side. Ohucester. 

GAY, aey. In good health and spirits. Kent. 

North. 
GAY-TO-A-THREE, adv. A good many. 

Craven. 
GAYS, 8. Prints to ornament books. Norf. 
GAY-CARDS, «. The cards in a pack which 
are painted with figures. Norf, 

GAZLESy 8. Black Currants; ahto wild 
pLum8. Kent. E. Sussex. 

(May this be from Gazelle, the Antelope, 
whose eyes are so black and beautiful ?) 
To GEAL, V. n. [Gelee, Fr. Frost.] To be 
benumbed with cold. North. 

GEAR, 8. [Georre, Sax . Furniture.] Stuff ; 
tackle of any sort ; furniture ; as Plough- 
Gear; plough-tackle. Hants. 
Doctor's-Gear, Medicine. Norf. 
Household-Gear, Furniture. Norf. 8%i88, 
'Horse-Gear, Harness. Norf. 
Head-Gear, a Lady's head dress. Sunex. 
GBE, imp. mood. [Gegan, Ang. Sax. to go.] 
A wora used by waggoners to their horses, 
'when they wish them to go on. Norf. 

Sussex. Hants. 
In Hants the word is used also when the 
carter wishes his team to go from him, 
that is to the right, he walking on the 
near or left side. 
To agree ; to go on well together ; as 
** tfiey Gee pretty well together." Norf. 

Somerset. Sussex. 
GEAZON, aey. Scarce; difficult to be pro- 
cured. Essex. 
To GEE,-«.^a. [Geben, Germ.] To give. 

Somerset* 
To GEB,^. n. [Gaber^ Fr. to sneer ; to de- 
ride.] To hold up the eyes and face. Nth. 
GEEAVLE, >t. [Gaval, Sax. Gable.] The 
gable end of a building. North. 

To <jrEER, 9. n. {See <xear.] To dress. 

North. 
GEGGIN>«. A small lub,with a handle. 

AorfA. 
(Is this from Jugge, Dutch, a Jug.) 
GEHEZIE-CHEESE, s. Very poor cheese, 
in which there is very little cream. Essex. 



GELD, adj. Barren. An animal that is 
gelded is barren. Craven. 

GELT-GUNMER, s. A barren ewe. North. 
(Gelten, Germ, to geld.) 

GENERATES, «. The Arch-Deacon's visi- 
tation. Norfolk. 



The Survey or's-General of the Customs 
are called Generals. Sutsex. 

GEOFF, or GEOFFE, *. [Cheaf, Sax. 
Chaff.] A mow os rick of hay. Bailey. 
GEOSE, or GROSE-CREE, s. [Gos, Sax. 
a Goose and Cree.] 

A hut to put geese in. North. 

GEOWERING, or JOWERING, part. act. 

[Geeg. Sax. the jaws.] Brawling ; quar- 

telling. fVest, 

To Jaw; Jawing; Geowering; or Jow- 

ering, Jawing in Hants and Sussex Ijas 

the same signification. 

To GERN, V. a. [To Churn ; to " Chum 

the teeth" is to grind them together.] 

To snarl like a dog ; to grin spitefully. 

North. 
GERSE/s. [Gers,Belg.] Grass. N<nih. 
G£^UMS,«. Out of Gerums, is out|of sorts. 
(Gero, Lat, to bear ; out of bearings ?) 

North. 
GERRED, or GIRRED, adj. Dirty ; be- 
daubed, fVest. 

GESLIN, 8. A Goslin. [See Gedse.] North. 
To GET SHUT OP A PERSON, is to get 
rid of him, to have no further dealings 
with him ; he being as it were shut out 
or excluded. Norf East Sussex. 

To GET OVER THE LEFT SHOULDER, 
is to be a loser ; to be unfortunate ; the 
left among the Romans was called Sinis- 
ter, unlucky. Norf. E. S%us. Hants. 
GEW-GAW, 8. A Jew's harp. North. 
GHELLS, 8. The game of trip. Grose. 

But what is Trip ? 
GHERN, s. A Garden. Berks. A cor- 
ruption. 
GIB, 8. [Gibbeux, Fr. gibbous; crook- 
backed.] A nut hook. North. 
It is also called Gibb and Gibbon. 
GIB-CAT, 8. [Gabbaren, Belg. to gabble ; 
male cats making a great noise.] A male 
cat. North. 
GIBBET. 8. A great cudgel, used to throw 
at trees to beat down the fruit. South, 
(Is this from Gibbeux, Fr. cudgels of this 
kind being sometimes crooked ?) 
GIBBERISH, GIBBLE-GABBLE, s. [Gab- 
baren, Belg. to gabble.] Idle talk. 

Craiven. Hants. Suss. 

GIBBOL, s. A sprout of an onion the 

second year. Somerset. 

GIB-STAFF, 8. A quarter staff. North. 

G1BBY,ck9. [Gibbous.] Crooked. Ditto. 

GIDDY, a4f. [Gidi, Sax. unsteady in the 

head.] Mad with anger. North. 

GIF, conj. [Gif, Sax.] If. North. 

GIFF-GAFF, s. Unpremeditated discourse. 

<' Giff-Gaff makes good fellowship." JVorfA. 

(Kauffen, Belg. is to chaffer ; to deal with 

another ; to exchange one commoditv 

for another. Thus we should have Chifl^ 

Chaff, Giff-Gaff, in the same way nearly 

that we get Chit-Chat from Chat. 

GIFTS, «. The white spots frequently seen 

on the finger nails. Somerset. Hants. Suss. 



. 



GIG. 

BegiDDing with the thumb, and going re- 
gularly through to the little finger; 
children tay, looking at the nails in suc- 
cesiion^ " A gift, a friend^ a foe, a journey 
to xo." HahU. 

To GIFFLE, V. n. To be restless ; unquiet, 
or fidgetty. Not/. 

(Gliff, the twinkling of an eye, according 
in^ to Forby.) 
GIFFY, s. The shortest possible portion of 
time ; the winking of an eye. Norf, 

Sussex. Hants, 
GIG, «. [Gegas, Ang. Sax. trifles. Forby.] 
A trifling, silly, flighty fellow. 
(Is it not rather from Geogl, Sax. Giglet, 
a laughing, idle girl.) Norf, 

GIGGISH, aAi Trifling. DUto. 

GIGGISHLY, ado. In a foolish manner. />t<to. 
GIGLET, «. A laughing girl. North. 

GIGGLING, «. Laughing in a playful man- 
ner. Suss, Hants, 
GIGLETLNG, ad[/. Wanton; trifling. Sotn. 
To GIKE, or JIKC, v, n. To creak as a 
wheel or door does, when it wants greas' 
ing. North. 
GILAWFER, s. [Corrupted from Gilly- 
flower, which is corrupted from July- 
flower.] A general name for plants of 
the Dianthus tril^e, many of which flower 
in July. Somerset. 
GILDERS, s. [Probably from snares being 
baited or gilded, as it were, to deceive.] 
Snares, hair-nooses for catching small 
birds. North, 
GILL,«. A pair of timber wheels. Nf. Qrose, 
GILL, s, [Gill, Isl. a hollow between hills.] 
A woody glen. York, E, Suss. Kent, 
GILL-ilOOTER, s, [Gill, and to hoot, owls 
hooting and inhabiting Gills.] 
An owl. Cheshire. 
GILLORE, s. [Loore, Gael, enough.] 

Plenty. NoHh. 

To GILVER, V. n. To ache; to throb. Nf. 
GILLY VINE-PEN, s. A black-leaded pen- 
cil. North, Bailey. Qrose. 
GILTS, s. A female pig, whether open or 
spayed, according to Grose, but I should 
suppose originally could only mean a 
spayed one; from to Geld, to castrate. 

North. 
GIM, GIMMY, oeO'. [Gim, Sax. a jewel, a 
precious stone.] 

Spruce, neat, smart. Norf. 

GIMMY, <ulj. Neatly dressed. Hants. Suss, 

To GIMBLE,o. n. To grin or smile. Norf. 

GIMLJN, s. [Kemelin, Chaucer, from Kem- 

men, Belg.] 

A large shallow tub, in which bacon is 

salted. Craven. 

GIM MACE, s. [Gimmer, F«nntii(jr. Apiece 

of machinery.] 

A hinge. Somerset. 

Gimmers. Norf. 

GIMMACES, s. Irons in which criminals 

were hung formerly, when intended to be 

gibbeted. _ Somerset, 



GIN. 



67 



GIMMER, «. [Gemael, Bel^. a female.] 
A female sheep, either ewe of lamb. 

North. 
GIMSON, s. A Gimcrack. Nor/. 

GIMSONER, s. One who is^ ingenious iir 
making Gimsons or Gimcraeks. N^jrfj 
(Both from Gim, Sax. a jewel.) ' 
7V>GIN,v. a. TogiYe. Norih. 

GIS, oonf. As if. If. iVbrM. 

(From give.) 
GINGED, or JINGED, part. pass. [Per- 
haps from Gin, Ginned, Ginged; caught 
in a trap.] Bewitched. Somerset, 

GINGER, a4i. [Gingre, Sax.- younger; 
hence more tender.] Brittle; tender; 
easily broken. Hanis. Sussex, 

GINGER, adj. Of a pale red eolour, parti < 
cularly-applied to hair. York, Norf, 

GINGERLY, adv. Nicely; cautiously; 
gently. Norf. Sussex, 

GINNERS,«. Thogillsof aflsh. North, 
May not this be from Gimmers ; a fish's 
gills opening and shutting something 
like a hinge or a piece of machinery. Nt, 
GIRD, s. [Gird, Ang. Sax. a stroke.] A 
fit or spasm. CVomm. 

GIRT, adj. [From Gird, being closely bound 
together.] Intimate, strongly attached as 
friends. Craven, 

GIRT, adj. [Corruption.] Great. North. 

fVesi. 
6IRT.L1KE, adv. Very likely, probably. 
[Great and likely, in great likelihood that 
is great probability.] Craven. 

To GIVE, V. a. This word is used in a 
variety of senses, as follows, viz. t 
*' To give one a good word," is to recom- 
mend him, to speak in his favour. Norf. 

Sussex, 

'* To give it to one,*' is to rate, scold or beat 

him soundly. Norf, Sussex, 

** To give one his own,** is to tell one his 

faults in a plain and direct manner ; 

to give as much abuse as is received. 

Norf Sussex, 

" To give one the bag" is to dismiss him, 

to keep and fill his own bag. Norf, 

'* To give one white foot," is to coax one, 

alluding to the fawning of a dog. Norf. 

** To give one the Seal of the day," to salute 

one with '' good morning" or " good 

evening." SgbI, season ; opportunity. 

Norf. 
** To give grant," is to grant one permis- 
sion to do a certain thing. Norf. Sussex. 
To give is also to thaw, when wood or any 
other substance feels damp it is said to 
give ; these expressions are by no means 
inappropriate. Frost binds up the water 
and confines it, the thaw makes the frost 
give it back again. Hants. Sussex, 

GIZZENING, part. act. Smiling. Craven. 
To GIZLE or JIZLE, v. n. To walk min- 
cingly. North. 

GIZZERN, «. [C^esier, Fr.] The Gizzard. 

North. 



68 



GLA. 



GLL 



GLAD, aij^ [GIftd*, Sax. to rejoiee, or 

Glidaa, Sax. to glide.] Smootby even, 

spoken of doors and bolts that move 

easily. North. 

GLADDEN, s. [Glod. Dan.] A glade. North. 

GLADDEN or GLADDON, s. The herb 

cat's tail. Norf. 

According to Penning this is a general 

name for plants with a broad b1a«£, from 

Gladius, Lat. a sword. Sword*grass. 

GLADE, GLEAD,s. [Glidan, Sax. to glide.] 

A kite. North, 

GLADDER, a4j\ More Anoothly. [See 

Glad.] NoHh. 

To GLADDEN, e. tL To thaw. NoHh. 

It thaws and nature revives and looks glad. 

GLAFE or GLAVE, ac(/. Smooth. North, 

To GLAFFER or GLAVER, o. a. To 

flatter. North. 

GLAIVE, s. [Glaive, Fr.] A sword or bill. 

South. 
GLAM, f, A wound or sore. Somerstt, 

To GLARE, 9. «. [Glaeren, Dutch, to 
varnish.] 

To glase earthenware. Somerset. 

Or from Gberen, Belg. to glare. To shine 

with daszling brightness. To glase 

earthenware is to make it shine or glare. 

GLARE, 9. The glazing of earthenware. 

' SomtTMet. 
GLAT, f. A gap in a hedge. }Vorc. 

GIAT TON, s. Wekb flannel. North. 

GLEA or A-GLEA, adj. Crooked. Ncrth. 

[Gloe, Isl. to squint.] 

GLEE, p. n. To squint. North. 

GLEAD, t. [Glidan, Sax. te glide, or 

Eglyd, Welch, hovering.] 

A kite. Craven. 

GLEMTH, s. A glimpse. Norf. 

GLENT, «. A glimpse. Norf. 

To GLENDER, v. n. To look with twinkling 

eyes. North. 

To GLENT, e. n. To look askew. North. 

To make a figure. North. 

To look aside ; to diverge. ^ North. 

[Theto fbur words seem to claim one 

origin, which is either Glenta, isl. to 

divide into two or more parts. Giants, 

Belg. a glance, or Gloe Isl. to squint.] 

GLIB, a4f. [Glid, Sax. smooth.] Smooth. 

North. 
Quick in talking, as though the words 
glided smoothly out of the mouth. 

SvM$ex, HatUs, 

GLIFF, 8. [Glia, Isl.] A glance. Craven. 

A glimpse, a transient view of any thing. 

Chei. 

A fright, which frequently proceeds from 

coming suddenly or unexpectedly on any 

thing. North. 

To GLIM, V, n. [See Glemth.] To look 

askance. North. 

GLINCED, oeO'* Smooth, slippery ; as the 

ice is very glinced. E. Sussex. 

[From to glance, to fly off quickly, as any 

thing does from ice when very slippery.] 



GL18E, t. [See Gliff.] A great tarprise. 

North, 
To GUSH, GLISK, GLISSEN, v. n. [GleU- 
sen, Tout, to glister.] 

To glitter, to shine. North, 

To GLOAR, V, n. [Gloaren, Belg.] To 

stare about vacantly with fli^ eyes. 

North, 

Ttt GLORE, GLOUR, v. «•• To sUre with 

earnest and angry eyes. Norf. 

GLOB'D TO, adf. Wedded to or fond of. 

CAsf. 
GLOBARD, i, [To glow.] A glow-worm. 

Femiing^ 

GLOME, «. [Olomero, Lat. to glomemte, 

or gather things into a round wdj.} 

A bottom of thread. BaMeff. 

To GLOP, V. fi. [Gloppen, Ang. Sax. to 

look foolishly.] To stare. Ches, 

To GLOPPEN, V. a. To startle. North, 

G'LORE, adv. In plenty. Somerset. 

[See Galore.] 
GLOTTENED, part, pass, [See Gk>ppen.] 
Surprised, startled. Ches. 

OLOUSE, s. [Glosse, Isl. a flame.] A strong 
gleam of heat from sunshine or a bfaxing 
Are. Norf, 

GLOWERING, JOWERING, adj. Quar- 
relsome. Somerset. 
[See Geowering.] 
GLOWING, part, ad. Stariag. Somerset, 
r<».GLOWR, V, n. [Gloareo, Belg.] To 
stare, to overlook. North. 
OLUM, adj. [Glumm, Germ, not clear, 
troubled.] Sullen, sour in countenance. 
Hants. Sussex. Pforf, Craven. 
GLUM, s. [Gleam.] A sudden or transient 
flash ; as hot Giums come over me. Gloue. 
GLUMPING^ a4J. [See Glam.] Sullen. 

Somerset. 
GLUSKY, adj. Sulky. Norf. 

To GLY, V. n, [Gloe, Isl.] To squint. 

Lincoln. 
GLY-HALTER, «. A halter or bridle with 
winkers as used for draught horses. 

Norf. 
To GLYBE, V. a. To scold or reproach. 

JVer//4. 
To ON AG, V. [Onsegan, Sax. to gnaw.] 
To gnaw, to tear. York. 

To GNANG, V. a. To grind the teeth ,• to 
Gnang the jaws is to gnash the teeth to- 
gether. E. Sussex. 
GNAR, s. [Knarren, Belg. to knarl or snarl.] 
A knot. Craven. 
GNARLED, part. pass. Twisted, full of 
knots, as " the gnarled oak." Craven. 
Any thing that is wrinkled or crumpled up 
by means of heat or drought, is said to be 
gnarled or snarled up. E, Sussex. 
To G NATTER, v. a. To gnaw. Craven. 
GNATTERY, adj. Full of pebbles or gravel. 

Craven. 
[Perhaps from Cnatta, Sai. a knot.] 
GNIPE,s. [Gnipa, Isl] The rocky summit 
of a hill. Craven. 



GOA. 



GOG. 



69 



GOAD, •• A measuring 9titk, at a half-rod 

Goad. fT. Kent. 

GOAF, $. Corn laid op in the barn, if in 

the open air, it ii a stack. Norf, 

GOAF-FLAP, «. A wooden beater to knock 

the ends of the sheafes and make the 

*' Goaf* more compact and flat. St/^. 

GOAF-STEAD, «. Every division of a barn 

in which a goaf is placed. Suf, 

In Hampshire each larger division of a barn 

is called the head or mow, and the space 

between each beam ia called a bay. [See 

Gulph.] 

To GOAVE, V. a. To stow corn in a bam. 

Noff. 

To GO AM, o. a. To gprasp or clasp. North. 

GOATS, «• Stones to step over a river upon. 

[Probably its etymon is Go.] North, 

To GO AM, «• n. To look at* York. 

GOB, s. [Gober, Fr. to swallow.] The 

mouth. North. Norf. 

An open or wide month. North, 

The French call a man who is foolish or 

credulous, a Gobe-monche, a fly swal- 

lower, from his frequently walking about 

with his mouth open. 

A large mouth filling morsel, particularly 

of something greasy ; as a gob of fet, of 

suet, &c* Norf. Hantt» York. 

A lump of viseous phlegm which a |)erson 

spits from his mouth when suffering with 

a severe cough and cold. Hanti. 

W. Suuex* York. 
GOBBIN, «. ^A greedy clownish person. 
GOBSLOTCH, f North. 

I Such a one being apt to 

3 gobble his food. 

GOBSTICK, s. A wooden spoon, by the use 

of which a person is enabled lo swallow 

his food more quickly. North, 

OOB-STRINO, s. A bridle, being fixed to 

the horses's mouth. North. 

GO-B Y-TUe-GROUND, s. A person of low 

stature. Norf. 

GOBBLE, $, Nuisy talk« Norf. 

GOBBLER, 8. [From the noise he makes 

sounding like the word Gobble.] 

A turkey cock. Norf. 

GO-CAB, «• A vulgar oath. North. 

GOD'S-GOOD, 8, Yeast. Norf. 

GODDIL, s. [God's will.] With GotPs 

will. North. 

GOD-HARLD. God forbid. North. 

GOD*S-PENNY, «. Earnest money given 

on hiring a servant. North. 

GODSEND, 8. An unexpected acquisition 

of property. Norf Suff. HanU. 8u88eth 

Kent. 

GOEL orGOLE,«u9. [Geolawe,8ax. yellow.] 

Yellow. £88ex, Suff, 

GOETIE, t. Witchcraft. York. 

GOFP, s. [Oaf, aufe, ofe, from Alf, alve, 

Belg. a person of weak understanding.] 

A foolish clown. North. 

GOFFE, «. [See Goaf.} A mow of hay or 

corn. Etiex, 



GOG, AGOG, adv, [Gognes, Fr. n^rry 
stories.] To be agog for any thing is to 
be eagerly bent upon the pursuit of it. 

Sufiex. Hani8. 

GOGGY, s. A child*s name for an egg. 

North. 

GOINGS-ON, s. Behaviour, actions, doings. 
*' Strange goings on," ** Pine goings on.'' 

Norf. St^. Sfutex* Hani8, 

GOKEE, V. n. [See Gawky.] To have aa 
awkward nodding of the head or bending 
of the body backward and forward. IFssf. 

GOLD, 8. Myrica, Gale ; the shrub sweet- 
willow or wild myrtle; abundant in the 
boggy moors of Somersetshire, it has a 
powerful and fragrant smell. SoiAer8et, 

GOLD-CUP, 8. [From its shape and colour.] 
The ranunculus of the meadows. Sotnersei. 

Hant8. 8u88ex, 

GOLDEN-DROP, s. The plum called the 
drap d'or. Norf, 

An evident corruption « 

GOLDEN-KNOP, «. [Golden and knop. Sax. 
a knob.} The Lady- fly. Norf, 

GOLD^SPINK, s. [Gold, and tlie noise it 
utters resembling the word spink.] A 
yellow-hammer. Grose. 

GOLB or GOAL, o^*. Big, full, florid. It 
is said of fnnk com, that the blade or ear 
is gole ; a young cock is said to be gole, 
when bis oomb and gills are red and 
tinged with blood. South. BcdUy. Oro8e, 
Is this from Goulot, Fr. the gullet or throat, 
a swollen blade of corn somewhat resem- 
bling it. 

GOLL, 8. A hand or fltt. Used in various 
parts according to Grose. Johnson has 
Golls, used contemptuously for hands. 

GOLLS, 8. [Goolet, Fr. gullet.] Fat chops ; 
ridges of fat on the &shy parts of a cor- 
pulent person, resembling fot chops. Norf, 

GOLLS, t. [Gouw, Belg. a quagmire.] 
Dirty or wet lands. Craven. 

GOLOSHES, f. [Galoche, Fr. a clog.] 

Clogs. Craven, 

To GOLSH, V. n. [Kokken, Belg.] To 

swallow voraciously. Lraten, 

[Golpen, Belg. to gulp.] 

To GOME. V, a. [See to Gaum.] 

GOMERILL, 8. [Gaumgan, Goth, to know, 
and ill, not well or ably.] 
A silly fellow. Orooe, 

GOOAC, 8. The cofe of a hay stack or an 
apple. North, 

GOODDIT, i. Shrove-tlde. North. 

GOODDING-DAY, 8. St. Thomas's Day, 
Dec. SI, when poof people go round to 
the houses of the rich to beg a little 
money to keep Christmas. Hant8. 

GOOD-DOING, «(/. Charitable in variona 
modes. 

GOODS, «. Cattle. 

Furniture. South, 

GOO D-I1USS£ Y, 8, [Good and housewife.] 
A thread-case. Somertei, 

GOOD-TIDY, aiij, [Good and Tid. Ang. Sax. 



70 



GOO. 



GOT. 



time, leafon.] Reasooable. Norf. 

** A good tidy crop*' a pretty good one. 

It may impjy a seasonable one, or a good 

one, according to the season. Norf, 

Hanti, 
GOOD-WOMAN, s. A sign in St. Giles' of 

a woman without a head. 
GOOD-TIDILY, adv. Seasonably. Norf. 
GOME, t, [Gum.] Cartwheel grease. Bailey. 
GOOL, «. [Goulety Fr. throat or gullet.] 
A ditch. Lincoln. 

To GOOMy V, a. To grasp or clasp. North. 
[May this be from Gum which is sticky 
and clasps or holds things together. 
** Gums'* in the north is pronounced 
*• Gooms.*' 
To GOOM, V. a. [Gaumgan, to know.] 
To observe, to stare or look at. North* 
GOOSE-CAP, «. A silly fellow. Somerset. 
And in many other counties, it is a com- 
mon thing to consider a goose as a fit 
emblem of folly. I beg leave to stand up 
as an advocate for the goose against this 
charge. If an affectionate regard for its 
own family be any mark of sense, the goose 
possesses it in an eminent degree, no 
animal whether bird or beast shows greater 
marks of tenderness for its young, none 
regret their absence moro nor greet their 
return with greater kindness. 
GOOSE-GOG, s. [Goose aud Gogue, Fr. 
a gooseberry. Norf. Hants. 

GOPPISH, adj. Proud, testy, peevish. North. 
GOPPING-FULL, adj. As much as you 

can hold in your fist. 
GOB, adj, [Goor, Belg.dirt] Miry, dirty. 

North. South, Bailey. 
GORE, s. Mire. Norf. 

GORE-BLOOD, s. [Gir, Sax. blood.] Clotted, 
congealed blood. Shahespear. Hants. 

In a gore of blood," in Shakes. Hants. 
is weltering in blood. 
To GORE, V. a. To make op a rick of hay. 

Bailey. 
GOR, adj. [Goor, Belg. dirt, moorish earth.] 
Hotten, decayed. Craven* 

GORSE, s. [Gorst, Sax.] Furze. North. 
GOSGOOD, s. Forby, I Yeast. Norf. 
GOD'SGOOD, «. Grose, j 
GOSLING, «. [Gos, Goose, and Ling, a 
diminutive from Klein, Teut. little.] 
A young goose. Very general. 
The male catkin of different species of 
Salix, willow. Norf Suf. 

In Hampshire these catkins are called 
Pussy-cats. 
GOSS, s. [Gorst, Sax.] Furze. Kent. 

GOSSIP, s. [Godsibbe, Sax. a sponsor.] 
A godfather.^ North. 

To GOSTER, v. n. To bully. North. 

[Go-stir?] 

GOTCH, s. [Gozzo, Ital.] A large coarse 

jug with a belly. Norf. 

G0TCH-BELL1ED, adj. [From Gotch.] 

Pot-bellied. Norf. 

GOTE, GOIT, s. [Gautur, Cimbric, a flow 



<i 



of water.] A channel for water from a 

mill-dam. Norf. 

A water-passage. Norf. 

GOTHARD, «. A foolish fellow. North* 

GOTHERLY, adj. Sociable, affable, pleased 

with each other. North. 

GO-TO-BED-AT-NOON, s. [The plant 

tragopagon pratense, common goat's 

beard, which expands its flowers only in 

the forenoon.] Nforf 

GOULANS, s. Com marigolds. North. 

GOW, V. [Go we.] Let us go all together. 

Norf 

GOWA, V. Let us go. North. 

GOWARGE, s. [Gouge, Fr. a gauge.] A 

round chissel for making hollows. North. 

Gouge in the South, used to make a hollow 

to receive an aiigur, 

GOWDENS,*. [Cauda, Ut. the tail.] Wool 

cut from sheep's tails. Craven. 

GOWK, «. [Gecc. Sax. a Oeck, a cuckoo.] 

A fool, also a cuckoo. North. 

GOWL, s. [Gealawe, Sax. yellow.] The 

gum of the eye. North. 

GOWTS, s. [See Gote.J Drains. South. 

Grose. 

In the Eastern part of Sussex and West of 

Kent, they are called Guts. 

GOWLED, part. pass. [See Gowl.] Gummed 

up. North. 

To GOYSTER, v. n. To laugh aloud. Kent. 

A goystering lass or girl means a romp, a 

tom-boy. Kent. 

The word " Yo^stering" is used in the same 

sense, particularly implying tromping 

with a great noise. E. ^usex. Kent. 

Are not these words corrupted from 

Roister. [Rister, Isl.] 

GOZZAN, s. An old wig grown yellow with 

age and wearing. Com. 

[Is it from Gorst, Sax. Gorse, Goss, the 

blossom of which is yellow ?] 

TbGOYLTERy v. n. To frolic, to laugh 

loud. Bailey. 

To GRAAN, v.n. [Graen, Welch, grief.] 

To groan. Craven. 

To GRAB, v.a. [Grabble, grapple, from 

Grappan, Sax. to seize hold of.] 

To take a thing hastily, to snatch or lay 

hold of. E. Sussex. 

To GRABBLE, v. a. To grapple. fFest. 

GRADELY, ado. [Grade, Ang. Sax. order.] 

Decently. York. 

GRAF, GRAFT, s [Groef, Sax: a grave.] 

A ditch. North. 

To GRAIN or GRANE, v. a. [Gryne, Ang. 

Sax. a trap.] To gripe the throat. To 

strangle. Norf. 

GRAINS, s. The prongs of a fork. North. 

South. 

GRAIN-STAFF, s. [Grain and staff.] A 

quarter staff with a grain at each end. 

South. Grose. 
Granein, in Yorkshire, is the fork of a tree 
from Grein, Isl. a bough, or Graneo, 
Belg. to sprout. 



GRA. 



GIIE. 



71 



GRABBY, acy. [Oraben, Germ, a ditch.] 

Dirty. E. Sussex, 

GRAINTED, a<^'. [Grain tied.] Fixed in 

the grain ; difficult to be removed, dirty. 

Somerset. 

GRAITH, 8. Riches. North. 

To GRAITH, V, a. [Gerraed, Ang. Sax. 

prepared.] To make fit ; to prepare. 

Ntrrth, 
GRAITHf ado. In good wind or condition. 

NoHh. 
GRAMFCR, 8. Grandfather. Somerset. Hants. 
GRAMMERj s. Grandmother. Somerset. 

Hants. 

Both evident corruptions. 

GRAMMERED, adj\ Dirty, foul, filthy. 

[Grime, from Grim, Sax.] Hants. 

GRANEIN, 8, [Granen^ Belg* to sprout.] 

The fork of a tree. Craven, 

GRAPSUN, 8. Twilight. fVest. 

GRATH, a4f. Assured, confident NoHh. 

GRATTEN, *. [Gralter, Fr. to scratch.] 

A stubble field. Kent, E. Sussex. 

GRASS-COCKS, s. [Gmss and Cop. Sax. 

Top.] Small heaps of mown grass while 

quite green. Hants, Sussex. 

To GRAVE, V. a. [Grafa, Is!.] To dig ; to 

brrak op ground with a spade. North. 

GRAVES, 8. The sediment of melted tallow 

made into cakes, and given as food for 

dogs. Norf. Sussex, Hants, 

[Groves, Brit.] 

GRAY, 8. [From its colour.] A badger. 

North, 

GRAY-STONES, s. [Gr^s, Fr. Rough.] 

Milbtones for grinding coarse grain. 

Craven. 

To GRAZE, V, n. To become covered with 

the growth of grass. Norf, 

GREASE, 8, A faint and dim suffusion over 

the sky, not amounting to positive cloudi- 

nessy supposed to indicate rain. Norf. 

Sujr. 
To GREASE, r. n. To assume the ap- 
pearance of grease as above. Norf, Suff, 
GREASY, acy. Having the appearance 
above described. Norf, Suff. Hants, Suss, 
These words are used to indicate a smeary 
appearance in the heavens. 
GREATHLY, adv. [See Graith.] Hand- 
somely, towardly. In greath, well. 

North. 

GREAWT, 8, A small wort. See Grout. 

To GREE, o. n. [Gre', Fr. content.] To 

agree. Craven. Somerset. 

GREEDS, 8. The straw, which is thrown 

into a farm yard to be made into manure. 

Kent. 
GREEN-LAN Dy <. Pasture or meadow land. 

Ghu, Keni. B, Sussex. 
GREEN-DRAKE, «. The May fly, of which 
Trout are particularly fond. North. 

[Prom its colour.] 
GREEN-GOOSE, 8, A Midsummer-goose, 
which has been fed on grass alone ; in 
contra-distinctioD to a Michaelmas goose 



which has been turned into the stubbles ; 
hence called a stubble-goose. Craven. 

Hants, Sussex, 
GREEN-SWARD, s. Grass, turf. South, 
GREEN-TAIL, s, A Diarrhoea, to which 
deer are subject. Craven. 

GREEN-OLF, s, Parus viridus, the green- 
gross beak. Norf. 
GREEN-TRICK, s. A silly action, such as 
only a young person would be guilty of. 
Green, signifying young. Hants. Sussex. 
GREEN-HAND, «. One who is young at 
any work and consequently awkward at it. 

Hants. Sussex. 

GREES, 8. [Degrees, Degres, Fr. steps.] 

Stairs. Craven, 

To GREET, V, n. [Groet, Isl. Gratter, Fr. 

to grate, to make a harsh sound.] 
GREETS, 8, [Greot, Sax. bran.] The grain 
of oats with the skin taken off. North, 
In the South called Grits It is deserving 
of observation here, that this word has 
taken a completely opposite meaning 
from its origin, which is *' Bran,'* 
whereas Grits now mean the com with- 
out the Bran, the true meaning is 
'* Branned oats.*' 
GREET-STONE, t. [Grit, Gritty, a free 
stone easily crumbling into grit.] A sort 
of free stone. North. 

GREIDLY, adj. [Agreedly.] Well-mean- 
ing, any thing good in its kind. North. 
GREWIN, 8, Formerly, Forby sajs, spelled 
Gre-hound. In Yorkshire the female is 
called a Grew-bitch. Penning gives for 
its origin. Grey, Isl. a dog. Hunta, Isl. a 
hunter. A Greyhound. Norf, 

GREY-BEARDS, s. Earthen jugs used for- 
merly in public houses for drawing beer 
in, and so called from having the figure 
of a man with a large beard on them. 
See Ben. Johnson's plays. In the same 
way we now call jugs, hunting jugs, from 
having horses, hounds, &c., on them. 
The seed of the wild vine. Hants, 

GREY-BIRD, s. [From its colour.] A species 
of thrush. E, Sussex. 

GREY- PARSON, *. "^ A lay impropri- 

GREY-COAT-PARSON, 8. f ator of tithes, 

>or a lay-man 
who rents 
' them. 

So called in opposition to a clerical tithe- 
owner, who wears a black coat. Norf, 
GRIB, 8. [Corruption of Gripe.] A sharp 
bite with the teeth. SusHx. Hants. 

GRIBBLE, 8. A young apple tree, raised 
from seed. Somerset. 

GRIDDLE, 8. A gridiron. Somerset. 

[Griller, Fr. to Broil, thus Grill-iron would 
be most proper.] 
GRIFF, 8. [Grip, Sax.] A deep valley 
with a rocky fissure-like chasm at the 
bottom. North. 

GRIFT or GREFT, «. [Greffer, Fr.] A 



Graft. 



Norf, 



72 



GRI. 



GRI, 



To QRIFT or GREFT, «. «. To Graft. 

Norf. 
GRIG, 9. [Glig:, Sax. a musician.] Health. 

Shrop, 

A cheerful lively periOD, ** At merry at a 

grigr." HantM* Suisex. 

A wnall eel. Narf* 

[Forby derives Grigs, small eelsj from 

Snigs : if he is right. Grig may be derived 

from the same root, young eels being 

remarkably lively and quick in their 

motions. May not the two first rather 

come from Geiogl. Sax. to giggle.] 

GRIG, s. A short-legged hen. Batiey. 

GRIKE, «• [Grip, Sax.] A rut, crevice or 

chink. North. 

To GRIMBLE, v. a. [Grime.] To begrime, 

to daub with fliih. Norf. 

GRIMMER, #. A pond or mere of a large 

surface but little depth. Norf, [Forby 

gives Gren. Ang. Sax. ^leen, it being 

covered wilh weeds and mere. Sax. a 

large pool. I would suggest Grime from 

Grim, dirty, instead of Gren, Green.] 

GRIMING, s. [Graaner, isl. to be covered 

with flakes of snow.] 

A sprinkling* Craven. 

GIUNDLE, ft [Drindia, Forbp. Perhaps 

Rirman, Goth, to rttii,ar Runlet, round let, 

a round cask.] A small and narrow drain 

for water. A'or/. 

GRINT, «. [Grindan, Sax« to grind] Grit, 

Norf. 
GRINTY, aiy. Gritty. Norf. 

To GRIP, r. a. [Greipao, Goth, to gripe.] 
To bind sheaves. Berks, 

Wheat is said to lie in grip, after it is cut, 
and before it is bound up. H(mi$. 

GRIP or GRIPE, ». [Grip, Sax.] A little 
ditch. North, 

GRIP, «• A little ditcl\» a furrow for drain- 
ing off water. ^. Su$iex, 
To GRIP, 9. a. To make or dig fi^rrows. 

£, Swuex. 

GRIPE, s. A small drain or ditch. 

To GRIPE, V. <L To make such a dmin or 

ditch. JSomertet. 

GRIPINGLINE, t. A line mad to mark oot 

the Gripes. 8omer$et. 

GRIPE, I. [Grepe, Goth, a trident. Greipan, 

Goth, to aeixe.] A dung fork. North. 

GRIPPEN# $0 A clasped or clenched hand. 

North. 

GRIP-YARP or YORT, $. A seat of green 

clods or turf, supported by twisted boughs 

(^ hurdle wise) and generally made round 

shady trees. North. 

[Grip from Gripe^ signifies to inclose as 

any thing, when griped, is by the hand, 

but whence yard or yort I am ignorant, 

unless from to gird, yird, yorL] 

GRISLY, o^/. [Grislic, Sax.] Ugly. 

North. 
GRI8SENS, 8. [Grepings, Gradior, Ut. to 
go, Gressus.] 
Stairs, literally goings. , Norf. 



GRISKIN,«. [Griigin, Irish. The back bone 

of a hog.] A pork chop. Bants. 

GRIT, f. [Greet, Sax. bran.] Sand. North. 

Fine mould. Hants, 

GRIZZEN,«. [See Grissens.] Stairs. Svff. 

GRIZZLE-DEMUNDY, s. A laughing fool ; 

one that grins at every thing. Exnunuh. 

Somerset. 
GRIZZLING, part. aeL Laughing or smiling. 

Grose. 
GRIZZLING, par/. a£^. Complaining, grum- 
bling without cause. Semis. 
This last word may very well be from 
Grislic, Sax. Grisly ; ugly, people, who 
are doleful, not having yery pleasant 
countenances. But whence comes Grizz- 
ling, laughing ? 
GROATS or GROTS. «• [Greot, Sax. bran.] 
Shelled oats. Graven. 
To GROBBLE, v. a. [Grobt, Goth, a cavern 
or hollow.] To OMke holes. Craven, 
GROM or GROOM, s. A forked stick 
used by thaichers for carrying the parcels 
of straw called Helms. fVHts. 
[Groom comes from Grom, Belg. a boy ; 
1 offer this derivation here, some may 
think it far Cetclied, but this forked stick 
may be called a Grom or Boy with as 
much propriety as the frame, on which 
clothes is placed before the fire to dry, 
is called a horse, or a brand iron, [a 
dog.] 
GROMER, t. [Grom. Belg.] A boy. 
The ships which were formerly furnished 
by the Cinque Ports were each obliged 
to carry twenty one men and one Gromer 
or Boy. 
GROOP or GROUP, s. [Groove, Grobt, 
Goth, a cavern.] A hollow in the ground ; 
a low house. Craven. 
GROON, «. [Gron, Isl. the upper lip of an 
ox.] The nose. Craven. 
To GROM, V. a. To soil or make dirty. 

E. Sussex. 
GROOP, s. [Grouppe, Fr. a group.] 
A place for holding cattle. 
A sheep pen, in eiiher of which places the 
cattle or sheep are grouped together. 

North. 
GROOVf:, f. [Gmben, TeuL to delve.] 
A mine or shaft. Derby. York. 

GROOVERS, s. Miners. Derby. York. 

GROSERS, #* [Groseille, Pr.] Goose- 
berries. North, 
GHOSH, adj, [Gros, Fr.] Gross. DUto. 
<}ROUND, s. A Field. Somersei. 
A gnss land inclosuic, lying out of the way 
of floods, contradistinct from meadow. 

Glcue. 
GROUNDS, s. [Grounds, Ang, Sax.] 

Dregs. North, South. 

GROUND-FIRING, s. Roots o( trees and 
brushes, the perquisite of the labourers 
and used by them for fuel. Norf, 

GROUND-GUDGEON, s. A small fish ad- 
hering by its mouth to stones at the 



GRO. 



GRU. 



73 



bottom of brooVs and shallow rivulets. 
The Cobitia barbatula of Linneeus. 

Norf, 

GROUND.RAIN, s. Rain which faUs in 

sufficient quantity to sink into the earth. 

Norf, Sutsex, HaniM, 
GROUT, 8* Wort of the last running. 

North, 
GROUTS, «. [Greet, Sax. Grit.] Uugs, 
Lees, the sediment of any liquid, HantB. 
GROUTY, 0(2/. Thick and muddy applied 
to liquids. Hants. 

To GROW, V. n. To be troubled. Hants, 
To GROW or 6RAW, r. n. To be aguish. 

Hants. 
GROWSOME, adj. Ugly, disagreeable. 

Hants. 

To GROWZE, V. n. To be chill before the 

beginning of an ague fit. Hants, 

TbGROW, V. a. To cultivate, to cause to 

grow, as ^ I grow no oats this year." 

Norf, Sussex, Hants, 

GROWERS, «. Cultivators, great Growers 

are great farmers. JVor/. 

A great hop-grower is one who cultivates 

that plant on a large scale. E, Sussex. 

Kent, 

GROYNE, s, [Graun, Isl. a nose. Groin de 

porceau, Fr. Granen, Belg. to sprout, 

whence comes Grain, the prong of a fork.] 

A swine's snout, with which he turns up 

the ground. North. 

GROZENS, «. LenapalustrisofRay j duck's 

meat, the small weeds growing on the 

surface of ponds. Somerset. 

To GRUB, V. a. [Grab, from Graben, Germ. 

a ditch.] To soil or dirt one clothes or 

fingers. Suss. Hants. 

GRUB, s. Idle, nonsensical talk. Norf, 

[Grub-street was formerly famous for mean 

and hireling writers, who of course were 

not very particular as to what they 

wrote.] 

GRUB, s. Food, provisions. Sussex. 

Hants. 
GRUB-AXE, 9. [Grube, Germ, a hole.] 
A mattock used for grubbing or rooting 
up trees, one end of which is pointed for 
the purpose of loosening the ground round 
the roots and the other is made broad and 
sharp for cutting the roots. Hants. 

GRUBBUNGS, adv. [Gruva, lying, prone, 
hence Grovelling, of which this is a cor- 
ruption.] Lying grovelling with the face 
downwards. Norf. 

GRUB-FELLING, s. Felling trees by un- 
dermining the roots and cutting them 
away. Norf. 

GRUBE, «. [Grube, hole. Germ.] A ditch. 

Norf, 

GRUFF, s. [See Grove.] A mine. Somerset. 

GRUFFERS, GRUFFIERS,^. [See Groovers] 

Miners. Somerset. 

GRUFF, adj. [Groff, Belg.] Rough, savage, 

imperious. York. 

Surly, rude. Hants, Sussex, 



To GRUFFLE, v. n. [Grofl', Belg.] To 
make a sort of growling noise in the throat, 
as men are wont to do in sleep. Norf. 
GRUMPY, adj. Surly, dissatisfied, out of 
humour. Norf. Hants. Sussex. 

[Grimpta, Goth, to fret, according to Forby. 
I think it may be a corruption of Grum- 
ble ; or it may come from Grumus, Lat« 
a thick fluid as clotted blood. Grumpy 
signifies dull, which persons are apt to 
be, if the blood flows too slowly. Fen- 
ning has Grumly in the same sense aa 
Grumpy.] 
GRUND, 8. [Grand, Sax. the earth.] 
Ground. Craven. 

GRUNNY, «. [See Groyne.] The snout of 
a hog. Norf. 

GRUP, GROOP, «. [Grip, Sax J A trench 
not so large as a ditch ; if narrower still, 
it is a Grip ; if extremely narrow a Grip- 
pie. Norf. 
To GRY, V. [See Grow.] To have a slight 
attack of an ague or to have it hanging on 
a person. North. 
GUBB,«. A pandar,or go between. SomerseL 
GUBBER, 8. Black mud. E. Sussex. 
To GUDDLE, v. n. [From Guttle ; the root 
of which is Gut according to Penning, or 
it may be from Guttur, Lat. the throat] 
To drink much and greedily. Somerset* 
GUDDLER, s. A greedy drinker ; one who 
is fond of liquor. Somerset* 
GUDGEON, 8. A piece of projecting iron 
at each end of a roller which connects it 
with the frame. [Gouge, Fr. a gouge.] 
GUESS-SHERP, s. Young ewes, which 
have been with the ram and had no lambs, 
so called because it is doubtful or matter 
of guess as to whether they may ever 
have lambs. E, Sussex, 
GUILEFAT, s. [Gyle, Belg. foam.] A 
brewing vat. York* 
GUIDERS, 8. Tendons, so called because 
they guide the motions of the different 
limbs. Craven. 
GUIZENED, adj. [Woes, Sax. Oosing.] 
Spoken of tubs or barrels, that leak 
through drought. North. 
To GULL, V. a. To sweep away by force 
of running water. Norf, E. Sussex. 
GULL, 8. A breach or hole made by a 
torrent. Norf. E, Sussex. 
GULLY, 8, A hollow ditch. Craven. 
A small cavity made by running water. 

Hantf. 

GULL, 8. The bloom of willow. E. Sussex. 

GULLET, 8. The arch of a bridge. Devon. 

GULLY.HOLE, s. The mouth of a [drain, 

sink, or common sewer. Norf. 

These words have evidently all* one root, 

which I take to be from Gula, Lat. Gou- 

lot, Fr. the Gullet. 

GULLETS, s. Jacks in the North, according 

to the Craven Dialect ; if pike, a fish, is 

meant, then the word perhaps comes from 

Gullet, these fish being very voracious. 

K. 



74 



GUL. 



HAA. 



GULLY, «. A common knife. North, 

A calf's pluck is called a calf's Gully, 

from Gullet. North. 

GULLY.MOUTH, s. [Goalee, Fr. a c;u1p.J 

A small pitcher. Devon, 

GULf^S, 8. Unfledgred birds. Cheshire. 

7V> GULCH, V. n. [Gula, Lat. the gullet.] 

To swallow greedily. Somerset. 

GULCH, $, A sudden swallowing:. Somerset. 

GULPH« s, A mow or bay of a barn. Norf. 

GULPH.STEAD ; GOAF-OR-GO-STEAD.». 

A bay or division of a barn. Norf. 

(Golfe, Fr. a gulpb or bay. In Hampshire 

the divisions between the beams in a 

barn in which the corn is placed are 

called Bays.) 

GULPH, s. The young of any animal in its 

softest and tenderest state. 

'* Gulph of the nesi'* is the smallest of the 

brood. Norf. 

A very shorty squabby, diminutive person. 

Norf. 

A very severe blow or fall, enough to beat 

the sufferer to mummy. Korf. 

GULSH, adv. Plump (more properly plumb) 

applied to a fall. Norf, 

GULSKY, adj, [Gulsigh, Teot. greedy.] 

Corpulent and gross. Norf. 

GUMMY, adj. Thick ; clumsy ; a person 

with thick ankles is said to be gummy. 

Sussex, Hants. 
GUMPTION, s. [Gaumian, Goth, to per- 
ceive.] Understanding ; knowledge ; 
comprehension. Hants. Suss. 8om. Norf, 
GUM P, s. A foolish fellow. Hants. Sussex. 
GUMPY, adj^ [Gum, which in fruit trees 
1^ eludes and forms lumps.] 

Aboundinir in protuberances. Somerset. 
GUN, 9. A flagon for ale. Nofth, 

GUNNER, s. A shooter; a sportsman. Suss. 
GUNNING, s. The sport of shooting. Norf. 

Sussex, Kent. 
GUNNING-BOAT, s, A light and narrow 
boat, in which the fen-men pursue the 
flocks of wild fowl along the narrow 
drains. Norf. 

In Hampshire they use a similar kind of 
boat, in which is flxed one large gun ; it 
is called a canoe. 
GURD OLAUGHING, s. [Gurd, a twitch ; 
a sudden or quick motion.] 
A fit of lau8:hter. North. 

GURDS, s. Eructations. Somerset, 

GURGEONS, s. Bran or pollard. Oxfonl. 
Penning has this word, defining it as the 
coarser part of meal sifted from the bran, 
but he gives no derivation. 
To GURN, V. n. [Perhaps a corruption of 
Grin.] To grin like a dog. Norf. 

GUSH, s. [Gosselen, Belg. to rush.] 

A gust of wind. Norf. 

A much more correct word, (as Mr. Forby 

observes) than Gust. 

GUSSOCK, s. A strong and sudden gush of 

wind. Norf. 

GUSS, s. A girth. Somerset. 



To OUSS, V. a. To girth. Somerset. 

(Gusset, eousset, Fr.) 
GUT, s, [Guttur, LaL the throat. 1 

A drain under ground. E, Sussex, 

Strength ; action ; as *' he has neither Gut 
nor Gall,^' means that a person is insigni- 
ficant; inactive. Craven. 
GUTTERING, part, act. [Gutter, Lat.] 

Eating greedily; eruttling. Somerset. 

GUTTER and GORE, s. [A gutter being a 
passage for dirty water.] 
Filth ; mud. Norf. 

GUY, 8. [Guy Faux.] A scarecrow ; a per- 
son oddly and fantastically dressed. Norf, 
To GWILL, V. n. To dazzle, spoken of the 
eyes. Cheshire. 

GYE, 8. A name given to different weeds 
growing among corn. The ranunculus 
arvensis, and different species ofgalium. 

Not^f. 
GYGE, «. [Grigen, Germ, to rub] 

A creaking uoise. Craven. 

GYLE, s. [Gyle, Belg. foam.] Wort. Norf. 
A brewin? of beer. Sussex, 

GYLE-VAT, or GYLE-TUB, *. The vessel 
in which the wort is fermented. Norf. 
GYPSIES, 8, Springs that break ont some- 
times on the Woulds of Yorkshire, looked 
upon as a prognostic of famine and scarci- 
ty. North. (So called, Gypsies being prog* 
nosticators or fortune-tellers.) 
GYTRASH, s* An evil spirit ; a ghost. Cra. 



H. 



HAAL, adj, [Heal, Belg. all.] Whole. York. 

Lambard, in his perambulation of Kent, 

1570, writes Holy for Wholly, and Hole 

for Whole. 

HAALY, 0^9. Wholly. York. 

HAAM, «. [Ham, Sax.] Home. \ork. 

HAAMS, s, [Hama. Lat. Hama, Sax.] 

Two pieces of wood fastened to a horse's 

collar, to which the harness is attached, 

by which he draws. Yorfc^ 

Hames. Somerset. Hants. 

HAMWOOD, s. The piece of wood which 

fits to each side of the collar, and to which 

the harness is attached, by which the 

horse draws. South. Susses. 

To HAAPE, v.a. To stop or keep back. 

The word is used when ploughmen wish 

to make the oxen go backward, to recover 

the furrow. " Vather will Haape thee,*' 

signifies a boy's father will compel him to 

alter his behaviour. St.mersel. 

HAAT, adj. [Haten, Belg. to heat.] Hot. 

Craven. 

HABBAT-HIM^ v. [Haban, Goth, to have.] 

Have at him. Craven. 

To HACK, V. n. To stammer. Norf, 

To cough faintly and frequently. DUio. 

HACK, 8, A pix-axe ; a mattock made only 

with one end, and tliat a broad one. North* 



HAC. 



HAG. 



75 



>D Snnex the htler tool it called a half- 
m&ttock 
HACK-HOOK,*. A kind of crooked bill 
fastentxl to a long handle, used to cut peas 
or tares, and also to trim hedges. Hants. 
HACK, or HALF-UACK, s. A hatch,* a 
door divided across. Norf, 

To HACKER, v. n. To stutter. South. 

HACKINO-COUGH, s. A faint, tickling 
cough. Norf, 

A short, hard, cutting cough. South. 

HACK-SLAVER, s. A sloven. North. 

All these words, I venture to think, have 
one common origin, and that is, '* Hac- 
caii/' Sax. to cut. A Hack and a Hack- 
Hook both ' cut ;' a Hack or Half-Hack, 
is a door * cut' asunder ; to ' Hack' and 
'Hacker,' to stammer, pimply the 'cut- 
ting^ or mangling of words in pronun- 
ciation, while * Hack-Slaver,' a sloven, 
is one whose clothes is hacked, * cut,* 
or torn about. 
HACK, t. A rack. Lincoln. 

The place whereon bricks newly made are 
arranged to dry. Somerset. 

To HACKLE, v. a. To shackle or teiher 

beasts. 
HACKLES, 8. Singlets of beans. Gloue. 
HACKLE, s. [Hsecle, Sax.] 

Hair or wool. Craven. 

To HACK, V, a To cut any thine in a rough 

and uneven manner; you have backed 

, my knife, that is, you have made it full of 

notches. Hants. 

HA ODER, s. Heath or ling. North. 

[Edder, Sax. a hedge.] 

HADEN, or HEIDEN, adj. Ugly; obsli- 

nate; untoward. Qtose. 

HAD-LOONT-REAN. «. The gutter or divi- 

sioQ between the beadlairds and others. 

North. 

To HAFFLE, v. n. [Haccan, Sax. to hack, 

hence Haggle, Haffle] 

To prevaricate. North* 

To speak unintelligibly; to stammer. Ditto. 

To HAG, V. a. [Haccan, Sax. to cut.] 

To cut down. North. 

HAG, or HAGGUS. s. The belly. Ditto. 
HAG-CLOG, 8. [Haccan, Sax. to cut and 
Clog.] A chopping block. North. 

HAG£ST£R,«. [See Hagy, Ha«- worm.] Is 
this a corruption of hedge and stir ? Mag- 
pies build in hedges. A magpie. Kent. 
H AGGAG E, s. [See hack-sla ver . ] 

A slattern. Somerset, 

HAGGENBAG, s. Mutton or beef baked or 

boiled in crust. Cornwall. 

HAGGIS, or HAGGAS, «. Theentrailsof a 

sheep minced with oatmeal, and boiled 

in the stomach or paunch of the animal. 

Northumberland, 
To cool one's 'Haggas,' is to beat one 

soundly. 
Hag, or Haggus, Haggenba^, Haggis, or 
Haggas, have in all probability one com- 
mon origin. 
(Hasta, Isl. hasterel, Fr. Haslet or Harslet.) 



To HAGGLE, v. a. [Haccan, Sax. to cut.] 
To cut awkwardly. Craven, 

To attempt to lower a bargain. Craven. 
(Haeein, Germ.} To hail. North. 

HAGGLE-TOOTHED, adj. Snaggle- 
toothed. fVest, 
HAGHES,«. «. [Hoeg, Belg.] Haws. North. 
Hog-Haghes or Haws. Hants, 
HA 6S, s. [Hagard, Fr. wild.] 

Hanging woods. Craven, 

HAG-WORM, s. [Hag, hedge and Worm.} 

A snake or blind worm haunting the Hag 

or hedge. Craven. 

HAGGY,a<(/. [Hagard, Fr. wild ] 

Applied to the broken and uneven surface 

of the soil, when in a moist state. Noif. 

HAIROHGH, s. Cleavers ; Galium aperine, 

so called from the stalks being rough. Nt. 

To HAIFER, V. n [Heafian, Ang. Sax. to 

grieve ; so says Forby. It may be from 

Heaflg, Sax. heavy ; oppressive.] 

To toil. Noff. 

To HAIN, r. a. To exclude cattle from a 

field in order that the grass may grow, 

so that it may be mown. Somerset, 

To raise or heighten ; as '' to Hain the rent, 

the rick, the rank." Norf, 

To shut up grass land from stock. Glouc. 

(Can this be from Heah, Sax. High, whence 

also Heighten ?) 

HAISTER, s. [Haten,Belg. to heat.] 

The fire-place. Shropshire, 

HAl T-WO ! mterj. A word of command to 
horses in a team, meaning to go to the 
left. Norf. 

[Higan, Sax. to hie or hasten ; Wo, cor- 
ruption of Go.] 
In Hants they have a harvest-supper song, 
with this chorus. '' With a Hait, with a 
Tee, with a wo ! with a gee!" 
HAITCHY, adj. [Hazy.] Cloudy; over- 
cast. Kent, 
HAIPS, s. [Is it corrupted from Traipse ?] 

A sloven. Craxten. 

To HAKE, V. n. I [Haacken, Belg. to 

HAKEIN, S hawk, as a pedlar.] 

To go about idly. Craven. 

To sneak or loiter. North, 

To toil, particularly in walking. Nmf. 

HAKE, s. [Hake, Goth, a hooked point.] 

A pot-hook. Norf. 

HAKES, s. The draught-irons of a plough. 

Norf, 
To HAKE, o. n. To hanker or gape after. 

North, 
HALA, HALAB, adj. I Bashful ; modest ; 
HEIALA, (squeamish. North. 

HALE, s. [Halen, Sax. to drag or pull 
violently.} An iron instrument for hang- 
ing a pot over the fire. North, Kssex, 
HALF-HAMMER, s. The game of <* hop, 
step, and jump." Norf. 
This game is played in the West of Sussex, 
but not in the East ; it is played thus by 
two or more boys: each hoy in his turn 
stands first on one leg and makes a hop, 
then strides or steps, and lastly, putting 



76 



HAL. 



HAi\. 



both feet together, jumpvi and the boy 
who covers the mostgrouod is the victor. 
HALF-ROCKED, adj. Oafish; silly; as 
though only half-nursed and educated 
from infancy. Norf, 

HALLIBLASH, f . [All in a blaze ; BUse, 
l?ax.] A great blase. Ncrih, 

HALLIWELL, «. [Halighe, Old English, 
holy.] Holywell. Craven. 

HALLANTIDE, «. [Halgian^ Sax. to hallow.] 
All Saint's Day. Somertet. 

In the south east part of Hampshire, this 
day is called All-Holland day instead of 
All-HallowS) and it is customary to make 
a light kind of plum-cake, sugared on 
the top. They are made by the confec- 
tioners on that day, and continually so up 
to Christmas, 
HALLOW-DAY, *. [Haleg, Ang. Sax. holy 
and Day.] A holiday. Norf, 

HALLON, 8, A wall projecting into a room 
on one side of the fire-place. North, 

To HAL8H, V. a,, [Hals, Sax a rope, 
halter.] To tie ; to fasten. Craven. 

HALZENING, pari. acL Predicting the 
worst that can happen. Exmoor. Som, 
HAM, 8, A stinted common pasture for 
cows. Glouce8ler. 

A pasture generally rich, and also un- 
sheltered; never applied but to level 
land. ^ Somerset, 

There is a rich tract of land in Notting- 
ihire, called the North Hams, famous 
for the growth of hops. There are some 
large open pieces of arable land, near 
Shoreham, in Sussex, called the Hams. 
These all seem to own one common root, 
but what is it? May|itbe from ham, 
Sax. a village ; common pastures being 
generally near a village, and belonging 
to the inhabitants of it ? 
HAMELIN, HAMLIN, adj. [Hamelan, Ang. 
Sax] Limping; walking lame. Craven. 
HAMMER and PINCER, 8. A phrase to 
express the act of a horse's striking his 
hind shoe against the foie one. Craven. 
To forge. Craven. 

HAMMH.U 8. [Ham, Sax.] A village. Nt. 
HAMMER-SCAPPLE, «. A niggardly per- 
aon, who attempts to lower a bargain. 

North. 

HAMMER and TONGS, ode. In a quar- 

relsome way. ''To live hammer and 

tongs," is said of married people who 

seldom agree. Su88ex, Hants, 

To HAN, V, a. [Haban, Goth, to have.] 

To have. NoHh. 

To HANCKLE, v. a. [Hank, Isl. a hank or 

skein of tbrpad.] To entangle. North 

TbHAND, o. a. To sign; the hand being 

used for that purpose. Norf. 

''To set your land to a paper" has the 

same signification, and is in general use. 

HAND, 8, Performance. Norf, Suss, HanU* 

HAND,s. A doer; performer; as "lam 

a bad hand at that work." Sussex. 



A workman, generally used in the plura., 

" Hands," as, are there many hands out 

of employ ? Sussex, Hants, 

HAND-SMOOTH, adv. Uninterruptedly; 

without obstacle; also entirely; 'Mie ate 

it up Hand-smooth." In all these senses 

it implies nothing being left more than 

on the smooth surface of the hand. Norf. 

HAND-STAFF, s. The handle of a flail 

being the staff, which is held in^the hand. 

Norf. 

HAND-CLOUT, s, [Hand and Clut^ Sax. a 

piece of cloth.] A towel. North. 

HANDY, ociv. Near; adjoining. Somerset. 

Sussex. 
To HANDSEL, v. a. [Hansel, Belg. a pre- 
sent.] To use any thing for the first time. 
(Hand and SvUan, Ang. Sax. to give.) 
HANDERHAMP, s. [Hand, and to Hamper ; 
to entangle.] A ruffle. Craven. 

HANBY, o^'. [Hanteren, Germ, to bustle.] 
Wanton ; unruly. North. 

HANG, s. A crop of fruit, as much as can 
hang on the trees. Norf. 

A declivity, from Hange, Ang. Sax. a moun- 
tain. Norf. 
HANGER, [g hard,] s. A hanging wood on 
the declivity of a hill. Hants. 
HANGE, 8, The heart, liver, lungs, &c,, of 
a pig, calf or sheep. Somerset. 
(Perhaps from *' Hang," it being common- 
ly all hung up together.) 
HAN GIN G-LE V EL, s. An inclined plane ; 
a regular declivity. Norf Stiss. 
HANGLES, 8, The iron ciook, having teeth, 
suspended over the fire to hang pots on, 
whence its name. Somerset. 
H ANGMENT, «. [ Perhaps Angerment.] 

Rage ; anger. Craven. 

HANGNAILS, «. Slivers, which hang from 
the roots of the nails and reach to the tips 
of the fingers. Norf. North. 

HANG-SLEEVE, s. A dangler ; a hanger- 
on. Norf. 
HANG-SUCH, 8. A worthless fellow; such 
a one as deserves a halter. Norf. 
HANK, «. [Hankeren, Belg. to long for.] 
Habit. Craven* 
HANK, 8. [Hank, Isl. a skein of thread.] 
a fastening for a door or gate. Norf. 
f A withe or rope for fastening a gate. Nt. 
To HANK, V. a. To fasten. Jhtto. 
TbHAP, V. a. To cover or wrap up, Norf. 

North. 

To wrap up warm with bed clothes NoHh. 

HAPPING, 8. Covering. Norf. 

HAP-HARLOT, s. A coarse coverlit. DUto. 

(Hspian, Sax. to heap up.) 
To HAPPE, V. a. To encourage or set on a 
dog. North. 

HAPPA, [Hap-ye ! from Hap, fortune.] 
Thank you ; may good fortune or good Hap 
befall you. North. 

HAPSE, Si [Corruption of Hasp.] 
A catch or fastening of a door. Somerset. 

Hants. Sussex, 



HAD. 



HAR. 



77 



HAPPEN, adv. Probably ; by chance. Cra. 
ToHAPPCR, V, n. To crackle; to make 
repeated smart noises. Somerset, 

HARBER, «. (Forby tliinkt it means Hard- 
beam, which 1 think is correct, beam 
being from Baum, Belg^. a tree.) The 
Hornbeam. Norf. 

HARD, adj. Full-grown. <* Hard people" 
are adults. Somerset. 

Young people are said to be of tender age, 
and why not older ones '* Hard ?" 
HARD and SHARP, ado. Scarcely. Nwth. 

South. 
To HARDEN, v. n. To grow dearer ; the 
market hardens ; things are dearer. North* 
HARDEN, s. [Herde, Teut, the fibres of 
flax.] Coarse linen. Craven. 

HARDS, 8. Coarse flax. Norf. 

Very bard cinders commonly called iron 
cinders. Norf. 

To IJ A RE, 9. a. [Harer^ Fr.] To affright ; 
to make wild. South. Fennin^. 

Hence probably, as Grose says^ comes 
Jlarnm-scarum. 
UARIFP and CATCHWEED, «. Goose- 
grass. North. 
See Hairough. Catchweed so called from 
clinging to whatever it touches. 
HARL, 8, [Hearla, Sax. liarl, filaments of 
thread,] 
A confused, entangled mass, particularly of 
thread ; as that thread or silk is all in a 
Harl. Hants. 
A mist, in which things are much confused. 
Hair. North. 
To HARL, V, a. To entangle. Hants. 
To ** Harl a rabbit'* is to cut and insinuate 
one hind leg of a rabbit into another, for 
the purpose of carrying it on a stick. Wt. 
HARLED^ adj. Mottled, as cattle. Noi-th. 
Different coloured threads mixed together 
would be mottled, so mottled cattle are 
of different colours. 
HARM, f. Any disease not distingaished by 
any particular name. Somerset. 
HARNS,«. [Heme,Be]g.] Brains. North. 
HARNEISS, «. Temper j humour; he is in 
a pretty harness^ that is, he is in a rare 
bad humour. Sussex. 
HARNSEY, 8. [Heronsewe, the old name 
for heron, according to Forby. Hem 
is a common name for heron in most 
parts.] A Heron. Norf. 
HARNSEY-GUTT£D> cut;. Lanl( and lean 
like a Harnsey. Norf. 
Heron-gutted. Hampshire. Sussex, 
To HARP, V. n. To insinuate any thing to 
another's disadvantage. North. 
To HARP ON ANY THING, is to repeat it 
continually; striking as it were on one 
string only of the harp. Hants. Sussex. 
HARR, 8. A tempest ; " a sea^harr," a storm 
at sea. Lincoln. 
To HARR, r. n. To snarl, as an angry dog. 
' NoHh. 



HARRIAGEyS. Confusion. 



Norf. 



To HARRISH, v. a. To harrass. CSraven. 
These words, all signifying: confusion, dis- 
turbance, are from the old word ** to 
Harry," which is derived from Harer, 
Fr. 
HARRYGAUD, s. [Harry, to disturb ; and 
Gaodine, Fr. a gay lass.] 
A wild girl. North. Norf. 

HAR REN, adj. [Hairen.] Made of hair. 
HARRUS, 8. Harvest, [a corruption.] Som. 
HARSLET or HASLET, s. [Hasia, Isl.] 
The heart and lights or lungs of a hog, all 
mixed up and boiled together. Hants. 

North. 
HARSTONE, s. [llaerd, Belg, hearth.] 

A hearth stone. Somerset. 

HART, 8. A haft; a handle, applied to 

kn i ves, aw Is, &c. Hants. North. 

HART-CLAVER, *. Melilot. North. 

Trifolium melilotus officinalis. 
HARVEST-LORD, ff. The first or leading 
reaper in a com field. Norf. 

HARVEST.QU£EN,«. The second reaper 
who supplies the place of the king in his 
absence. Norf. 

HASE,«. [See harslet.] The heart, liver, 
&c., of a hog, seasoned, wrapped up in 
the omentum and roasted. Norf. Si^. 
HASK, a4J. [Corruption of husky.] Dry ; 
parched. Lincoln. York. 

HASPAT, HASPENAI^LAD, *. ) Grose. 
H ASPEN ALD,«. ] Yoik- 

(Aspen, having shot up like an aspen.) A 
tall youth between a man and a boy. 
HASPERT, f. [Asper, Lat. rough.] A 
rough fellow. York. 

HASFIN, 8. A hunks. North, 

HASTO, [Corruption.] Hast thou. York. 
HASSOCK, 8. [Hasick, Teut.] A coarse 
grass growing in rank tufis in boggy 
ground, formerly dug up, trimmed, and 
then used to kneel on in churches ; whence 
the rush cushions now used have their 
derivation, according to Forby. Norf.Suff. 
Any thing growing or being in a thick 
matted state, is said to be in a '* Hassock," 
in East Sussex. 
HASSOCK.HEAD, «. A bushy and entangled 
growth of hair. Norf. 

May not Hassock come from '* to Hustle," 
to shake together in a confussed mass. 
Hustle, Hussock, Hassock ? 
HATHE, 8. Any thing closely matted toge- 
ther, as the pustules in a person's face 
who has the small pox, or any other erup« 
tive disease. Somerset. 

(Is this from Heath, which generally grows 
pretty thick and close together ? A Heath 
m East Sussex and West Kent is called 
Hawth, not differing very widely from 
Hatha.) 
To HATTER, v. a. [Hatdr, Fr. to hasten, 
acording to Forby. Penning quotes the 
word from Dryden, but offers no deriva- 
tion.] To harrass and exhaust with 
fatigue. Norf. Suj^. 



78 



HAT. 



HAW. 



HATTLEf aJy. Wild, skittish, mtichievoos. 
Grose has this word, bat does not say 
where used or whence derived. I venture 
to propose Skyt, Dan. skittish. In W. 
Kent and E. Sussex they have the word 
*' Kittle*' in a similar sense, thus we 

' have " Skittish" " Kittle" « Hatlle." 

HATTOCK, 3. [Aitock Erse.] A shock of 
corn, containing twelve sheaves. North, 

To 'HAVE, r. n. [From Behave.] To be- 
have. Somerset. 

liA VANCE, a. [From Have.] Manners, 
good behaviour. Devon. 

HAUBER-JANNOCR, «. [Haver, oats, and 
Junket.] An oaten cake or loaf. North. 

HAVER, 8. Oats. North. 

HaVER-MEAL, t. Oat- meal. North. 

HAVER-BREAD, 8. Oat-bread. North. 

HAVEN, a. [Heave, hove, faoven.] The 
cast skin of a snake. Baiiey. 

HAVILER, 8. A crab. Sussex, according 
to Grose, though I have never heard the 
vrord. 

HAVEL, 8. [See Haven.] The slough of 

a snake. Norf. 

The beard of Barley. Norf. 

To HAUD, V. a. To hold. North. 

To HAUL, V. a. To convey any thing on a 
cart or wagon, as corn, hay, &c., hence 
comes *' Hallier/' one who hauls or con- 
veys things for hire. Giouc. 

To HAUL, V. a. To throw, as haul up that 
stick, throw up that stick. £. Stissex, 

HAUMGOBBAUD, s. A silly clownish 
fellow. York, 

HAUSE or HOSE, s. The throat. North. 
[Hoese, Iceland, the windpipe.] 

HAUSTE or HOSTE, s. A dry cough. 

North. 
[Husten, Germ, a cough.] 

HAW, 8. [Hauk, Germ, an excrescence on 
the eyes of cows or horses.] 
A web or spot in the eye. Bailey, 

HAWK, 8, A forefinger bound up. Bailey. 

HAVY-CAVY, adj. [Habe, Lat. have. 
Cave, Lat. beware, Grose. Perhaps have 
a care; be cautious.] Undetermined, waver- 
ing, doubtful whether to accept or reject 
a thing. Nottingham* 

HAW or HAWMEL, 8, A close or yard near 
a house. Kent. 

HAWCHAMOUTH, 8. [Haw-chew-mouth. 
A mouth that chews Haws or worthless 
things.] One that talks indecently. 

Exmouth. 

HAUF-ROCKTON, adj, [Half and perhaps 
a corruption of Rotten.] Idiotic, half- 
witted. Ym'k, 

HAUGH, HAW, 8. [Haughur, Dan. a heap. 
Haut. Fr. high.] A hillock. York, 

To HAUVE, V, To come near, applied to 
horses. York, 

HAW, *. The ear of oats, Norf, Svff. 

In Hampshire it is a common expression 
just before harvest to say ** the oats are 
out in haw." 



[Hoeg, Belg. a.haw, the berry of the white 
thorn.] 

To HAWK, V, n. [Hawken, Teut. or it may 
be from the sound which is uttered when 
the act stakes place.] To expectorate 
with exertion. York. Hants. Sussex. 

HAW PS, 8, A tall awkward girl. York. 

Hants. Sussex, 

HAWKEY, «. [Hark ye ! i. e., to the festive 
call, so says Forby.] The feast at harvest 
home. Norf, 

HAWKEY-LOAD, f. The last load of the 
crop, taken home formerly with much 
rustic pageantry. Norf. 

HAWK, s. [Hauk, Germ, an excrescence.] 
A fore-flnger bound up. Bailey, 

HAWKEY, «. The name of a game played 
by several boys on each side with sticks, 
called hawkey-bats, and a ball. It is 
plajed thus in a piece of ground with a 
fence at each end, aline is drawn across 
the middle of the ground from one side 
to the other, one party stands on one side 
of the line, and the opposite party on the 
other, and neither must over-step this 
boundary, but are allowed to reach over 
as far as their bats will permit to strike 
the ball ; the object is to strike the ball 
to the farther end to touch the fence of 
the opposing party's side, when the party 
so striking the ball scores one, and sup- 
posing nine to be the game, the party ob- 
taining that number first, of course wins 
the game. fF. Sussex. 

To HAWZE, V, a. To confound with noise. 

BaUey. 

HAWTHEM, J. A kind of hitch or pin 
cut out in an erect board to hang a coat 
or the like on. Mxmoor, 

HAY, 8, [Haga, Ang. Sax. a hedge. Haie, 
Fr. a hedge.] A hedge, more particu- 
larly a clipped quickset hedge. Suf. 

HAY-CROME, s. A hay rack. Suff. Norf. 

HAY- JACK, s. The lesser reed-sparrow 
or sedge-bird of Pennant. Suff. Norf. 

HAY-NET, 8. A hedge net. A long low 
net to prevent hares or mbbits from 
escaping to covert in or through hedges. 

Suff. Norf. 

HAY-SELE, 8. [Seel. ISax. opportunity.] 
The season of tiay making. St^. Norf. 

HAY-MAIDENS, s. Ground ivy. Somerset. 

HAYDIGEES, adv. [ProbablyHigh degrees.] 
Jn high spirits ; in a frolicksome humour. 

HAYTY-TAYTY, inlerj. What's here! 
what's the matter ! Somerset. HanU* 

HAYTY-TAYTY or HIGHTY-TIGHTY, «. 
[Height and ^Tite, weight.] Aboard or 
pole, balanccKl by its centre resting on 
something elevated a little from the 
ground, on each extremity of which a 
person sits, alternately rising and falling. 

To HAZE, r. a. To dry linen, &c., rows of 
corn or hay are said to be ** hazed'* when 
a brisk breeze follows a shower. Norf. 



HAZ. 



HEA. 



79 



Id Hampshire when the straw of any kind 
of corn is too green to be immediately 
housed, it is common to say it is not 
** hayed enough," or the weather is 
clouded and it " hays*' badly. Hay to 
be well made must be dry, hence lo 
*' hay" means to dry. Can Haze be cor- 
rupted from this ? 
To HAZLE, V. n. To grow dry at top. Norf, 
Forby calls this a dimin. of Haze. Now 
this word may be from Hazel, brown, 
many things such as leaves and plants 
growing brown when dry. 
To HAZLE, V. a. To beat. Craven, 

[Hazle the same as to cane from Cane.] 
HEAD, t. Face, as ] told him to his Head. 
It is used in this sense by Shakespeare in 
" Measure for Measure.'* iVor/. Suff. Berks, 

Hants, Swtsex, 
HEAD, s. Bullocks are said to go at Head, 
when they have the first bite in distinc- 
tion from those that follow. Norf. 
HEAD-ACHE, s. The wild poppy of the 
field, so called from its scent producing 
head-ache. Nor/, 
HEAD-KEEP^ «. The best the farmer can 
afford. Norf. Sussex, 
HEAD and PLUCK, s. [Head and Pluchya, 
Dalm.] The head, hearty liver, and lights 
of an animal. Hants, Sussex, 
HEAD-MAN, s. The foreman or chief 
labourer on a farm. Norf, 
HEAD'SWOMAN, s, A midwife. Noff, 
HEADS and I]OLLS,«. ) [Heads or Humps 
Hl^MPS and HOLLS, )and Holes.] 

Prominences and hollows tumbled confu- 
sedly together ; promiscuous confusion ; 
used adverbially, it means pell-mell ; 
topsy-turvy. Norf. Suff, 

To HEAL, v.a,' [Hcelan, Sax. to heal, to 
cure a wound which is then closed up.] 
To bury seed suflSciently deep in the 
ground so that it may be covered and thus 
protected from birds or from injury by 
weather. Hants, 

To cover. Berks. 

To cover the roof of a building with.tiles, 
sla tes or stra w . Hants, 

To HEALD, V, n, [Heald, Ang. Sax. in- 
clining.] To incline. Craven. 
When a vessel leans to one side more than 
another, she is said to *' Heal," which is 
a corruption of " Heald." Hants, Sussex. 
HEALING or HYLLING, s, [From Heal.] 
The act of covering with bed clothes. 

Bailey, 
To HEALDy V. a. [Heald. Ang. Sax. in- 
clining. When liquor is poured out of a 
vessel it must be held in an inclined posi- 
tion.] To pour out, to Heald the pot. 

North, Grose, 

To rely on, that is inclining to or leaning 

on some person or thing for support. 

North. 
HEAMS, «. (Hama, Lat. North. 

H AMES, s. ) Hama, Sax. South, 



That part of a cart horse's harness which 

is fastened to the collar, and by which he 

draws. 

HEAP, s, A pottle ; a quartern ; a quarter 

of a peck. North. 

So called perhaps because many articles 

such as apples, potatoes, flour, malt, &c , 

which are sold by this measure, are 

heaped up or sold, as it is called, by 

heap measure. 

HEAP, «. Full-heap, to live at " Full -heap" 

is said of a horse or cow which lives in 

abundant feed. Hants. Sussex. 

HEAP, s. A great number, as a '* Heap of 

men," *' A Heap of horses," &c. Norf, 

Suf, Hants. York, Sussex, 

HEART, s. The stomach, '* A pain at the 

heart," means the Stomach-ache." Norf, 

It is used in a somewhat similar sense in 
Hampshire and Sussex, where when a 
horse or bullock is very poor and weak, 
it is said to be out of heart. It means 
also goodness, condition, as when a field 
is very poor and in want of manure, it is 
said to be out of heart. Hants. Sussex, 
HEART-SPOON, s. The pit of the stomach. 

Norf. Suff. 
HEART-GUN, s. A sickness or pain about 
the heart, worse than the common heart- 
burn. fVest, 
HEARUM-SKEARUM, adj, adv, Somerset. 
HARUM-SKARUM, > 
HURRY-SKURRY, 5 Hants. Sussex. 
Wild, romantic. Somerset, 
Headlong, thoughtless, in a confused 
manner. Hants, Sussex, 
[Harer, Fr. to hurry, to harrass ; and 
'' Scare." To frighten suddenly, or 
hurry and " Scour." To run swiftly.] 
To HEASE,v. fi. [Hoese, Isl. Wesan, Sax. 
the windpipe, whence comes Weezing, 
and weeze, from which Hease may easily 
be corrupted ; or it may take its name from 
the sound caused by the action which it 
is meant to describe.] To cough or hawk, 
as cattle, when they clear their windpipes 
or force up phlegm. North, 
HEASY, ac{j. Hoarse. North. 
HEATHER, s. Heath or ling. North. 
HEAVE, s. The place on a common in 
which a particular flock of sheep feeds. 

North, 
To HEAVE-HEAVY, v. n. To weigh well. 

Somerset, 

HEAVER, s, A crab. Kent, 

HEAVISOME, adj, [Heavy.] Dark, dull, 

drowsy. York, 

HEBBLE, s. The rail of a wooden bridge. 

North, 

HECK, s, A half-door ; a latch ; a rack for 

cattle to feed in ; an engine for taking fish 

in the river Ouse in Yorkshire. North. 

See Hack and the following words with the 

observations thereon. 

To HECKLE, v. a. To dress flax. Notih. 



80 



HEC. 



HEL. 



UECKLER-OF.TOW, f. . A flaz-dresscr. 

Nwlh. 
HEDGE-ACCENTOR, 8, [Accent from Ad. 
Lat. to, and Cano. Lat. to siog ; this deri- 
vation seems to me plain and simple 
enough, though Mr Forby writes a long 
note without coming to any satisfactory 
conclusion.] The hedge-sparrow. Norf. 
HEDGE-RISE, «. [Hedge and to Rise or 
grow.] Hedgewood. Craven, 

To HEELi v. a. [See Heal.] To corer or 
hide. Spm<r«ee. 

HEELER, 8. One who hides or covers, 
whence the saying " The Heeler is as bad 
as the stealer," that is, the receiver is as 
bad as (he thief. Craven. 

IlEFFUL, *. A woodpecker. Craven. 

[In Hampshire the woodpecker is called a 
'< Yaffle" evidently from the sound it 
utters when flying* and '* HefTuT* is not 
very di£ferent from it. The cuckoo takes 
its name in the same way.] 
To HEFT, V, a. [Heavy it ; lift it and ascer- 
tain how heavy it is ; or perhaps more pro- 
perly from Heafian, Sax. to lift.] To try 
the weight of any thing by lifting it. 

HanU. 

HEFT, «. Weight. Somenei, HanU. 

Heaviness as " a Heft in the air;" to judge 

by the Heft ; to judge by the weight. 

South. Grote. 
HEIFHER, f. [Healf-cu, Ang. Sai. half- 
cow.] This is Forby*8 derivation and a 
very good one as 1 think.] A heifer, a 
young cow not full grown. Norf. 

HEIT, inierj. [Perhaps from Halt, Haut.] 
Ueit and Ree are two words used in 
driving a cart ; be will neither '* Heitnor 
Ree," he will neither go backwards nor 
forwards. North. 

In Hampshire formerly, at harvest suppers, 
a song was sung in praise of the head- 
carter, the chorus of which was '* With 
a Ueit with a ree, with a who with 
a gee." 
HEIGH, adj. High. Craven. 

HEIGHMOST, a^. Highest. Craven. 

To HEIGH'N, V. a. To heighten, generally 
used in speaking of prices, wages, &c. 

Norf. St/if. 
To HEIR, V. a. To inherit. DUio. 

Dryden used it in this sense, according to 
Forby, and Fenning also has the word in 
his Dictionary. 
HEIR, s. A young oak or other tree grow- 
ing in a copse is called an Heir in Hamp- 
shire, and the name is a very significant 
one, the young tree succeeding to the old 
one. 
-HEIVY-KEIVY, adj. [See Havy-Cavy.] 
Liberating. Craten. 

To HELL, V. a. [See to Heald.] Somerset. 
To HELLE, V. a. [Helle, Isle.] York. 

To.pour, to pour out, to pour in. To hell 
out, to hell in. 
jl£LDER,a(^'. Rather> preferable to. North. 



[Perhaps from to Heald, to incliney in- 
clining to, or preferring one person or 
thing ;o another.] 
HELLIER, 8. [See to Heal.] One who 
lays the tiles on a roof ; a tiler. 

Somerset. Devon. 

HELLIN, 8. Compacted soot. Craven. 

To HELL-ON, v. a. [See to Hell.] To 

pour water on dough. Craven. 

HELLERED, part. pass. Swoln^ warped. 

Craven* 
[Hulcke, Du. any thing bulky.] 
HELM, 8. Wheat straw prepared for thatch- 
ing. fVUts. Somersef. 
So much straw as the thatcher carries at a 
time, to the roof of the stack. 

HantSm 
[Perhaps it may simply mean straw from 
Halm, which Fenning calls straw, but 
now generally is applied to that of peas, 
beans, or tares, in particular.] 
HELM, 8. k hovel, probably because for- 
merly they were always covered with 
straw. North. 

A shade for cattle [Haelme, Ang. Sax.] 

North. 
To HELM, V. a. [Helm, Sax. Helm, a cover- 
ing for the head, hence used (or the head ] 
To cut the ears of wheat from the straw 
previous to thrashing it, heading it, as it 
were. Gioue. 

H£LM» 8, [Helm. Germ, a cupola.] A 
covering. North. BaMey, 

HELKS, 8. Detached crags, also a large 
heavy person. Craven. 

A great Hulks is a clumsy fellow. Hants. 
HELTING, 8. [See to Heal.] A coverlet. 

North, Bailey. 

To HELP-UP, V. a. To assist or supoort, 

commonly used ironically, as *' lam finely 

holp up," meaning I have more to do than 

I know well how to manage. Sussex. Norf. 

Stdsr. 

Shakespeare has the word in his Comedy 

of Errors. 

HELVE, 8. [Helfe, Sax.] The handle of 

an axe. Norf. St^f. 

The word is in 9th cap. Deuter. 5 ver. 

To HELVE, r. n. To grossip. E. Sussex. 

HELVE, «. A long gossip. E. Sussex. 

HELOE or HELAW, adj. Bashful. North. 

HEM, adv. Very, as Hem bad weather. 

E. Sussex. 
HEMMEL, 8. A fold. E.Sussex. 

[May not this be from Ham, Sax. a village. 
We have Hammill a village in the North, 
and Hemmel and Hammill, are not veij 
different.] 
HEN, 8. Money given by the bride or bride- 
groom, on the eve after marriage, to their 
poor neighbours, to drink their health. 

Craven. 

To HEN, r. a. To throw. Somerset. 

HEN-BAWKS, s. [Hen and Bawks, beams.] 

A hen-roost. North. 

HEN-CAUL, 8. [Hen and Caul, Brit, a kind 



HEN. 



HEY. 



81 



of netting or hair cap used by women to 
inclose their hair in.] 
A chicken coop. North. 

HEN'S NOSE-FULL, 8. A ?erj email 
quantity. Nor/, 

HEN-POLLER. s. [Pollajo, Ital. a ben- 
roost ] A hen-roost. Norf. S^ff. 
IIENNY-PENNY, *. The herb yellow 
rattle. North, 
HEN-SCRATTINS, s. [Hen and Kratzen, 
Belg. to scratch.] Small and circular 
white clouds denoting rain. Craven. 
To HENT, V, ft. To wither, to become 
slightly dry. Somerset, 
HENTINO, 9, A clownish fellow, also a 
furrow. North. 
Hent furrow is the last of a land. Hants. 
HEPLEY or HEPPEN, a4j\ [Hoeptic, 
Ang. Sai.] Neat, handsome. North. 
HERD, s, A keeper of cattle. Somerset, 
A shepherd, a bailiff. Craven, 
[Herd comes from Heard, Sax. a number 
of cattle ; but is now so transposed as to 
signify the keeper of the Herd, instead 
of the Herd itself, as shepherd, cow- 
herd, swine-herd.] 
HEREAWAY, adv. Hereabout. Somerset. 

Norf, 
HERENCEy adv. Hence, from this place. 

Somerset, Sussex,. 
[Hence from here or this spot.] 
FIERERIGHT, adv. Directly ; in this place. 

Somerset. 

To HERRY, V, a. [To Harry, from Uarer, 

Fr. to distarb.] To rifle, to lob a nest. 

North, 

HERNE, «• [Hern, Ang. Sax. an angle or 

comer.] A nook of land, projecting into 

another district, parish or field. Nor/'Sujf, 

HERONSEW, s, [See Hamsey.] A heron. 

North, 

To HERPLE, V. n. [Erple, Belg. a duck.] 

To go lame, to creep. Craven* 

HES, V, Has. Craven. 

HESP, «• [Hsspoy Sax. a hasp.] A clasp. 

Craven, 

HET, pron. [Hyt or Hit, Sax. It.] Somerset. 

HET, s. [Haten, Belg. to heat. Heat.] Hants. 

In summer when the weather is hot and 

eloudy, and what moisture falls partakes 

more of heat then cold, indicating warm 

weather, in Hampshire it is a common 

expression, " There is more Het than 

Wet." 

HET, part. pass. Heated. Craven, 

To HET, V, a. part. Het and Hut. To hit. 

To strike. Somerset, 

HETTER, adj. [Hetze, Germ, hunting.] 

Eager, earnest, keen. North, 

To HEV, V. a. To have. North. 

HEAUGH, 1. > Haughur, Dan. a heap. 

HEUF, 5 Heah, Sax. high. 

A hill. - Craven. 

HEWCTRING, aij. Sliort-breatbed, wheez- 
ing. Somerset. 
(^ Hause.) 



HEY-GO-MAD, ■«&. Rioting. York. 

HEYBA, s, A great noise, a high or loud 
bawl. York, 

To HICK, V. n. To hop on one leg. 

Somerset, Norf. 

HICK, s. A hop on one leg. Som. Norf. 

HICK-STEP-AND-JUMP. Hop, step, and 

jump, a well .known game in some parts, 

the trial being who, out of a number of 

boys^ can cover the most ground with a 

hop, a step or stride, and then a jump with 

both feet together. Somerset, 

[Hiccough, or Hiccup, is so called from the 

noise uttered in the act, which issues with 

a convulsive kind of jerk, and a hop or 

Hick is a similar kind of sudden jerk. 

To HICKLE or HECKLE, o. a. [Haccan. 

Sax. to cut.] To dress flax ; to break it 

by beating, so as to free the fibre from the 

woody part. Norf, Suff. 

HICKLE, s, [Hekel, Teut. a comb.] 

A comb to dress flax. Norf, Suff. 

HICKLER, s, A flax or hemp-dresser. Norf. 

HIDE, s. Skin. " I will tan your hide,*' 

means " 1 will beat you." North. South. 

To HIDE, «. a. To beat. Norf. Suff. 

NoHh, South. 

HIDING, s. A beating, as *' I will give you 

a good hiding.*' Norf. Suss. Hants. 

HIDDER and SUIDDER, pron. He and 

she. Bailey, 

To HIE, r. n. [Higan, Sax.] To be off. Nt, 

" Hie off,*" be off, go away. Hants. 

" Hie, or Hey-away" is a term used by 

sportsmen to their dogs, when they wi»h 

them to hunt after their game. Sussex, 

Hants. 

HIG, s, A passion ; a sudden- and temporary 

hurricane, as "a March Hig." 

(Probably from high, ungovernable. North. 

To HIGGLE, V. a. [From haggle.} To be 

tedious and very nice in bargaining. Nf. 

To effect by slow degrees. The poor often 

talk of '* Higgling up a pig," that is of 

buying and fattening it up by means of 

small savings. Norf. 

HIGH-LOWS, «. A covering for the foot, 

higher than a common shoe and lower 

than a half-boot ; something between the 

two^ neither low nor high. Norf. Hants. 

Sussex^ 
HIGHT, part. pass. Called. North. 

(A very old word.) 
HIGHTY, s. A horse; a name generally 
used by children. Craven. 

To HIKE, V. n. [Higan, Sax. to hie.] To 
push with the horns. Craven. 

To go away, used generally in a contemp- 
tuous sense, as ** Hike off/' get away as 
quickly as you can or I will compel you. 
York. Norf. Suss. Hants. 
(Hika, Isl. to yield up a place.) Forby, 

HILD, s. The sediment of beer, sometimes 
used as an imperfect substitute for yeast. 

Norf, Suff, 
L. 



82 



HIN. 



HIR. 



Forby givei Ahildan, Ang. Sax. to incline ; 
to stoop or make the cask incline, im- 
plying there is but little besides sediment 
left in the cask. Hilding, used by 
Shakespear, signifles both a low, cow- 
ardly fellow, and also a harlot, each of 
the dregs of society. 
HILDER, 8. [Hilder, Tent.] 

An elder tree. Norf, 

To HILL, V. a. [See to Heal.] To cover. 

North. 
Bed-hilling, a quilt or counterpane. 
To HILL-UP, V. a. To hill-up hops, means 
to raise small hills or heaps over the roots 
for the purpose of keeping them dry in 
the winter. E, Suss, Kent. 

HILL-HOOTER, «. An owl ; so called, I 
suppose, from the noise they make, and 
the places they frequent. Chethire, 

To HIMP, t>. n. \Ntrrf.SuffA 
To HIMPLE, V. n. ) NoHh. \ To limp. 
HIND, 9. [Hine, Sax.] A husbandry servant. 

N(yrth. 

HIND-BERRIES, «. Raspberries. DiUo, 

(Raspberries grow wild m great abundance 

in Yorkshire in the woods, where they 

are gathered by the poor people, and 

of course by 'Hinds' among the rest, 

whence probably their name*) [Him- 

berre. Germ, raspberry.] 

HINDER-ENDS, «. Refuse of corn. Craven, 

HINDER, adj. [Hin, Germ, Hindern, Sax. 

hind.] Remote. North. 

HINE, ado. In a while ; ere long. North, 

Hind ; bebinil ; after a short time. 
HINE, fldv. [Hine, Lat.] Hence. North, 
HINDERLING, a. [Hinder and Ling, a 
dimin.] One who is degenerated. Devon, 
To HING, V, a. To hang. Cfooen. 

HINGE, s. The head and pluck of a sheep. 

West. 

H1NGIN,«. A hinge. JVor/. Suff, 

These three words own one common 

origin, all implying hanging in some 

way or other. Forby gives Hengene, 

Belg. a hinge. 

To HINGE-UP, V. a. To entangle ; to be 

Hinged>up, is to get so inclosed on all 

■ides that one cannot get away ; probably 

from * Hinge ;' being held fast to one spot, 

as the door is by the hinge. HaMn, 

To HINGLE, V. a. To snare ; as poachers 

• hingle* hares. Narf, Suf, 

HINGLE, 8, A small binge. 

A snare of wire. Norf. Suf, 

HINN Y. 8. " My Hinny," a term of endear- 
ment. Norf, 8^f. 
HIPPANY, 8. [Hippa, Sax a hip.] 

A part ofjthe swaddling clothes of an 
infant. Norf. Suff, 

HIPPEN-STONES, 8. } Stepping stones over 
HIPPENS, { a brook. North. 

HIPPENS, 8. \ Child's clothes. North. 

HIPPINGS, ( 
HIPPING-HAWD, or HOLD, «. A place 



where people stop to gossip, when sent 

on an errand ; a loitering place. North. 

HIPPETY-HOY, «. Neither man nor boy, 

a youth between both. Hants, 

HIPPLES, 9. [Heap, Sax. a heap, and Pie, 

a dimin ; a little heap.] 

Small cops of hay set up to dry. North. 

To HIRE, V, n. [Hyran, Sax. to hear.] 

To hear. Somerset, West. 

To HIRE-TELL, v, n. To hear from another ; 

to learn by report ; to be told. Somerset. 

West. 
To HIRPLE, V. n. To limp in walking iV/. 
To HIRN, e. n. [Himd, pret. and part, pass.] 
To run. SomerseL 

(Formed, perhaps from < Hie,' hasten and 
' Run,' Hie-run.) 
HIRST, s. A bank or sadden rising of the 
ground. North, 

To HIRSLS, v. n. [Aerselen, Teut. to go 
backward.] To move about. Craven. 
To HISK, o. n. To breath short through 
cold or pain. North. 

(Probably from the noise ^'made by a per- 
son with a cold.) 
HISSEL, pron. [His and Silha, Goth, self.] 
Himself. Craven, 

To HIT, V. a. To find. '< I cannot hit the 
gait,'' I cannot find the road. North, 

Hants, Sussex, 

HIT, 8, A plentiful crop of fruit is said to 

be a Hit in Gloucestershire. 

Good luck ; as *' he made a decided Hit," 

means he was very fortunate. Hants. 

Sussex. 

To HITCH, V. n. To become entangled, or 

booked together. Somerset, Hants. 

To HITCH-UP, V. a. To suspend or attach 

slightly. fVest. 

To HITCH, V. n. To move or walk.. Norf, 

(Hika, Isl. to give place.) 
HITHE. 8. [Sax.] A smali;port. Norf Suff. 
HITHER and YON, adv. Here and there, 
backward and forwards. North. 

HITHER-TOW ARD, adv. Towards this 
time or place. Norf. Suff. 

HITTY-MISSY, adv. [Hit or miss.] 

At random. Notf S^f, 

HIZEN, pron. It is; used without a substan- 
tive, as whose house is that ? * Hizen,' 
Somerset, where the s is generally har^ 
dened into z. 
HIZY PRIZY, s. A corruption of Nisi 
Prius, the name of a well known law 
court. Somerset. 

In many other parts it is frequently called 
Nizy Prizy. 
HO, 8. Care ; trouble ; anxiety. Hants, 
**He was in a terrible Ho about it ;" that 
is '* he was in much trouble about it." 
In Noble's Pedigree of the Cromwell Fa- 
mily is the following note : '' Sir Richard 
Cromwell, on the fifth day at Barriers, 
at Tonrnay, overthrew Mr. Culpeper, to 
his and the challengers great Ho." 



HOB 



HOC. 



8S 



To HOE-FOR, ». n. To long for anything: ; 
to provide for; to take care of; to de- 
sire ; to wish for. Hants, Berks. Som. 
These words imply great care and anxiety, 
mixed with trouble; therefore, 1 con- 
ceive, may be derived from Ho ! Heigh- 
Ho ! an iuterjection^ezpresiion of un- 
easiness. 
HOB, 9. Bob, or Robert. North. 
HOB, 9. The back of the chimney. DiUo. 
The side of the grate. SotUh. 
ilOB, or NOB, s. There was formerly at 
each corner of the hearth an elevation 
-called the Hob; there was also a small 
table called the Nob ; on the former was 
placed warm beer, on the latter cold ; 
thus Hob or Nob i meant will you take 
hot or cold ? If the first had been called 
Not it would have been more intelligible. 
A false step ; " to make a Hob.'' North, 
adv. At a venture, rashly, not caring whe- 
ther hot or cold. 
HOB, HUB, 8. The nave of a wheel. Norf. 
The mark to be thrown at by quoits, and 
some other games. Norf, 
The hilt or guard of a weapon ; '^ up to 
the hob,'* means as far as possible. 
HOBBETV-HOY, s. 1 Neither man nor boy ; 
HOBIDEHOY, Shut a youth between 

3 both . Fery general, 
HOBBIL, or HOBGOBBIN, «. A natural 
fool. A blockhead. North. 

HOBBLERS, a. Men employed in towing 
vessels by a rope on the land. Somerset. 
HOBBLE, «• Doubt; uncertainty; diffi- 
culty ; scrape. Njrf, Sussex. Hants, Nt, 
HOBBLES, 8. Rough parts in a path or 
road, which force people to hobble. 

Norf. Suff. 
HOBBLY, adj. Rough; uneven. Norf. 5i#. 
HOBBLE-DE-POISE, adj. Evenly balanced; 
wavering in mind. Norf, Suff. 

(Avoirdupoise, Fr. ?) 
HOB-HALD,«. A foolish clown North, 
HOB-KNOLLING, a<(/. Saving your own 
ezpences, by living on others with slight 
pretences. 
HOB-THRUSH, s. An hobgoblin, called 
sometimes Robin Goodfellow. North, 
HOB-THRUST, or rather \8. A spirit sup- 
HOB of T'HURST, / posed to haunt 

woods only, whence its name. Hob Ro- 
bert, and Hurst a wood. North. 
HOBO'T'HURST-LICE, s. Millipedes, 
probably what we ^ call in the South 
Wood-lice, from their living in old wood. 

North* 

HOBBY, 8. [Hoppe, Goth, an Irish or 

Scotch horse, which is often small.] 

A small horse. Norf. 

Any favourite pursuit of a person's is 



called his <' Hobby.' 



South. 



HOB-LAMB, «. A lamb brought up by 
hand, and fondled as a pet about a farm- 
house. Hants. 

HOBBY-LANTHORN, a. A Will of the 



wisp ; perhaps Hob, that is Bob or Ro- 
bert of the Lanthorn. I Norf. 
In Hampshire, '* Jack of the Lanthorn." 
HOBBY, s. To play the hobby is said of a 
woman who romps with the men. fVest. 
HOGS and HOES, «. [Ho, Ang. Sax. the 
heel ; hoi. Sax. the Hough.] 
The feet and leg bones of swine. Norf. Suff, 
** Feet and Hocks" is the name given to 
those parts of a dead hog which are be- 
low the knee-joints, with the feet of the 
fore legs, and below the stifle, with the 
feel of the hind legs. Sussex. Hants, 
The stifle of a horse, hog, or sheep. Ditto. 
HOCKER-HEADED, adj. Fretful; pas- 
sionate. Kent. 
HOOD, 8. [Hod, Ang. Sax. a hood.] 
An utensil, .'generally made of wood, for 
carrying mortar, bricks, coals, or other 
coarse substances. Norf. Suff, 
Used only by masons for carrying bricks 
or mortar. Sussex, Hants, 
To HOD, V. a. To hold. Craven. 
HOD, 8. A sheath or covering, (most pro- 
bably from Hood.) Somerset* 
HO ODER, «. [Hot air. J 
A thin mist or vapour in warm weather. 

Craven. 
HODDING-SPADE, s. A sort of spade 
principally used in the fens, so shaped as 
to take up a considerable portion of earth 
entire, somewhat like a " hod." Norf, 
llODDY,adJ, Well; in good spirits; in 
tolerably good case. Norf. South, 

(Forby suggests "Hardy," " Hoddy," be- 
ing a corruption of it.) [Hoard, Sax. 
hardy.] 
A fish. Johnson, 

HODMANDOD, s. [Hod-manded, having a 
hod or hood over his head.] 
A shell-snail. South, Grose, 

HODMEDOp, a({/. Short; squat; perhaps 
like a snail. Somerset, 

HOG, HOGGET, s. Hogetz. IV. F. 

HOGGUEL, A sheep of a year old. North. 

South. Noff 
[Hogan, Ang. Sax. to take care of, on ac- 
count of their tender age.] 
HOG-GRUBBING, aey. Swinishly sordid. 

Norf. 
HOGLIN, 8. A homely article of pastry. 

Norf. 
(See Crab Lanthorn.) 
HOG-OVER-HIGH, s. The game of leap- 
frog. Norf. 
HOG*S-PUNDING, 8. The entrail of a 
hog, stuffed with pudding, composed of 
flour, currants, and spice. Hants. 
To HOG, V. a. To carry on the back. North, 
To HOG, V. a. To " hog a horse's mane,** is 
to cut it up on both sides to a point re- 
sembling a hog's mane. Hants. Sussex. 
HOG-MANE, 8, A horse's mane trimmed as 
above. Hants. Sussex. 
HOGGETS, 8. [Hog-colts,] colto of a year 
old. Hawpihire, 



«4 



HOG. 



HOL. 



HOG-HAWS, 8. The fruit of the white 
thorn, so called from hogs eating them. 

Hants. 

HOG-PIGS,'#. Barrow pigg ; castrated hogs. 

So called perhaps, as being hogs in age 

and size, but still pigs in other respects. 

NoHh. 

HOGO, $. [Haut-gout, Fr ] A stink ; a 

strong disagreeable smell. Hants. 

HOIST, s. [Hwostan, Ang. Sax. to cough.] 

A cough. Norf. 

To HOIST, r. n. To cough. Nor/. 

HOIT, 8, An awkward boy. North. 

HOIT-A-POIT. adj. Presuming; forward. Nf. 

HOITY-TOITY, adj, [See hayly-tayty.] 

Giddy; thoughtless. Hants* 

" Highty-flighty" is used in the same sense. 

Hants. 
To HOKE, V, a. To gore ; to wound with 
horns, as bullocks do. Somerset. 

(See Hike.) May this be corrupted from 
*« Hack ?•; 
HOLE, €uy. Hollow ; deep ; (resembling a 
hole.) North. 

HOLING, part, act. Calumniating. Somerset, 
** Hole in thy coat" is a blemish in charac- 
ter or conduct. North, 
" To pick a hole in one's coat" is to find 
fault with one. South. 
The meaning of all these expressions is 
too clear to require observation. 
HOLE of WINTER^ is the middle or depth 
of winter. Craven. 
We commonly say the "height of sum. 
mer," and the " depth of winter.** 
HOLE, ». A scrape. Norf, Suff, 

(A very expressive word.) 
HOLL, s. [Hoik, Sax. a trench.] A ditch, 
particularly a dry one. Norf. 

nOlJ^ adj. Hollow. DUto 

HOLLAR; Hollow; To HOLLAR; to 
halloo; HOLLAR; a halloo; HOL- 
LARDY ; a holiday. Given by Jennings 
in Somersetshire, are mere corruptions. 
HOLLEN, 8, A wall Jibout two yards and a 
half high, built in dwelling houses to 
secure the family from the bkwts of wind 
rushing in when the door is open ; to this 
wall, on the side next to the hearth, is 
annexed a screen of wood or stone. Grose 
gives this word without saying where it is 
used. 

(See Hallon.) 
HOLLIN, 8. Hotly. [Hollegan, Sax.] Cra. 
HOLrX)W.MEAT, 8. Poultry in uontradis- 
tinction to butcher's meat, which is solid, 
whereas poultry is drawn, and thus ren- 
dered hollow. Grose. 
HOLMES, 8. Low lands near a river. North. 
A farm, near the sea at Shoreham, in Sus- 
sex, is called the Holmes. [Holmes, Sax. 
a river island.] 
HOLMEN^ a4f. Made of holm or holly. 

Somerset. 
HOLT, 8. [Sax.] A wood. South. 

In Hampshire, near Havant, is a wood 
called the Holt. 



In Kent, near Tenterden, is a wood called 
Knock-holt-wood ; and near Ashford is 
a place called Niccolt, properly Nic- 
holt. 
A small grove or plantation, as Goose- 
berry-holU; .Cherry-bolts; Nut-holU; 
Osier-holts. Norf, SuJT. 

HOLT, interj. Hold! stop! South. fVest. 

[Either from Hold or Halt.] 
HOLY-BY-ZONT, *. A ridiculous figure. 

North. 
HOLYMAS,^. All Saint's Day. Norf 

HOLY-STAAN, s. [Holy and Stan. Sax. 
stone.] A stone with a natural hole in it, 
which was frequently suspended by a 
string from the. roof of a cow-house or 
the tester of a bed, as an infallible pre- 
ventive to injury from witches. Craven, 
HOLY-WAKE, #. A bonfire. Gtoue. 

(Probably so called from fire being formerly 
used at sacrifices in all religious so- 
lemnities. 
To HOLSTER, v. n. To bristie or make a 
disturbance. fVest. 

HOME, adj. Close ; urgent. Norf. Hants. 

As a *' Home-stroke'* is a decisive blow. 
HOME, ado. Closely ; urgently ; to the ex. 
treroe point; as the "nail is driven 
home ;*' '* I pressed him home /' '* the 
meat is home donew" Norf, Suff, Sus. 
The latter phrase u not used in Hamp- 
shire. 
HOMELLS, 8. Large feet. fVarwick. 

HOME-DWELLERS, c Persons living in 
any particular vicinity, in opposition to 
strangers. E. Sussex. 

HOME-SCREECH, s. A bird which builds 
chiefly in apple-trees; the missle thrush ; 
turdus viscivorus. Somerset. 

lu East Sussex called the grey-bird. 
HONEY-CRACH, s, A small plum, of 

luscious sweetness, but small flavour* 

(Honey I understand, but what is Crach ?) Nf. 

HONEY-SUCK, s. The woodbine; the 

honey-suckle. Somerset. Hants. 

HONEY-SUCKLE, «. Red clover. Som. 

This name is as applicable to the red-clo- 

ver as to the woodbine ; the flower of 

each containing a good deal of honey, 

which is sucked out by the bees. 

HOO, pron. He. In the North West parta 

of England it is used for '* she." Grose. 

HOOD, HOOD-ENDS, s. The back of the 

fire. Corners near the fire, either of wood 

or stone. North. 

HOOK-SEAMS, s. [Seam, Sax. a load.] 

Panniers to carry turf or lead. Craven, 

HOOLY, adv. Tenderly. North. 

To HOON, V. a. To ill-treat ; to oppress. 

Craven* 
HOOP, s. A measQfe, containing a peck. 

North. 

So called from the measure beinx hooped ; 

as fruit having been sold in sieves, the 

measure they contained ^has been since 

called a sieve. 



HOP. 



HOT. 



85 



HOOP, g. A bullfinch. Somemei. 

HOOVII^G. 8. The act of hoeing. fVarw, 
HOOZE, «, [From the sound uttered.] 

Difficulty of breathing. Craren. 

HOP-CREASE, ». [To hop, and Crease a 
mark.] A game played by children, com- 
monly ^ called . " Hop-Scolch." " To 
Scotch" meaning to mark anything with 
an edged initrument, Norf. Sussex^Hanls, 

Kent. 
HOP.pOG, 8. [A Hop, a plant, and Dog.] 
An instrument used to draw the hop- poles 
out of the ground, for the purpose of 
carrying them to the bins to be picked. 
It is made of a long piece of wood, with 
a piece of iron at the lower part stand- 
ing out a few inches, so as to clasp the 
pole when it is raised out of the ground ; 
the iron is grooved so as to have teeth, 
from whence perhaps its name. Kent. 

StLfSBX 

HOP, STEP, and JUMP. [See Hick, stepi 
and jump.] IVest. 8us8ex. 

HOPPET,«. A little basket, used by hus- 
bandmen to fasten round them, for the 
purpose of carrying corn when sowing. 

North. 
A fruit basket. Lincoln. 

To HOPPLE, r. a. To tether,* to fasten by 
the legs« Nor/, North. 

To fasten a fore foot of an animal to a hind- 
foot, is to ** Cross-hopple/' Norf. 
HOPPLING, cuy. Tottering j moving weak- 
ly and unsteadily. Notf. 
These words are no doubt from *' Hebble," 
so says Forby, at least ; but is not 
" Hobble" from Hop ? Hoppan, Sax. to 
hop 
To HOPPY, V. n. [Hop.] To hop or caper. 

Somerset. 
HOR^EN, a(^', Made of horn. Norf. 

Somerset, 
HORNEN-BOOK, s. A horn-book. Norf. 

Somerset. 

HORNCOOT,«. An owl. BaOey. 

Some owls have horns, and owls hoot, if 

we can suppose '^ Coot'' a corruption of 

" Hoot." 

HORNICLE, «. A hornet. E. Sussex. 

HORN-PIE, s. [Horn, from the tuft of 

[feathers on its head, and Pie from its 

variety of plumage,] 

A lapwing. Norf. Sujff. 

HORNS, s. The awns of barley. Norf. Sijff. 
HORNY, adj. Abounding in horns, applied 
to a sample of barley, which has not had 
the awns well separated. Norf, Suf. 

HORRY, aciy. [Hoary.] Mouldy. Som. 
Foul ; filthy. West. 

HORSE-MA-GOG, atjy. Boisterously fro- 
licsome. Used in the same sense as horse- 
laugh, that is expressive of coarseness. 

Norf Si^f. 
HORSE-MAGOG, «. A large coarse per- 
son. Hants, 
HORSE-STINGER, f. The dragon-fly. 8<m. 



HORSE-BRAMBLE, f. Briars, wild rose. 

Norf. 

HORSE-KNOPS, s. Heads of knapweed. 

North. 
[Horse, and Knop, a corruption of Knap, 
a small eminence.] 

HORSAM and HERNGIL-MONEY, *. A 
small tax, paid in the Lathe of Pickering: 
in the North, for horsemen and hounds, 
kept for the purpose of driving off 
the deer of Pickering Forest, from 
the corn fields adjoining it; a fallow 
field was exempt Irom the tax. Although 
the forest no longer exists, the tax is still 
paid. Grose. 

To HORSE HOPS, v. a. To tie the upper 
branches of the the hop-plant to the 
pole, but which being too high to reach 
from the ground ; women have short lad- 
ders for the purpose of standing on, and 
which are called hop-horses. E,Suss. Kt, 

roHORT, t7. a. [Corruption.] To hurt. 

Kent 

To HOSE, or HAWZE, v, a. To bug or 
embrace. North. 

HOSE, s. The sheath or spathe of an ear of 
corn. Norf. 

[Hosa, Sax, breeches or stockings.] 

HOSTE, s. [Hooste. Isl. a cough.] Hoarse- 
ness. Craven, 

HOST-HOUSE, #. [Hostel, Fr.J 
A farmer's inn at market. North, 

roHOT, v.a. To make hot; "I hotted 
some milk." NoUingham, 

To HOTAGOE, v. a. [To go hot or 'hotly, 
as we say when a person is very eagei, he 
is quite " hot" upon it.] 
To move nimbly, spoken of the tongue. 

South. Grose. 

To HOTCH, V. n. [To bop.] To go lame. 

Craven. 

HOT. POT, s. Admixture of warmed ale and 
spirits, making a pot of hot liquor. Norf. 

Sussex. 

HOTS, s. A sort of panniers to carry turf or 
slate in. North. 

(Is it corrupted from Hod ?) 

HOTTEL, s. [Hot-steel, or hot-well, that is 
well heated.] An iron rod heated red hot, 
to burn with. Craven. 

HOTTERIN or HETTERIN, adj. [Grow- 
ing hot or hotter.] Boiling; raging with 
passion. Craven. 

HOTTS, s. [Being made hot.] Water- 
porridge. Craven* 

HOUGH, 8. [Hauch, Germ, a breathing; or 
from the sound uttered when breathing 
hard or quick.] The noise occHsioned 
by exertion in giving a blow. Craven. 

To HOUGH, V. n. [Pronounced Huff.] To 
breathe bard, as a person does after run- 
ning fast. Hants. 

To HOUGH, V, n. To breathe over any- 
thing ;m *' Don't hough all over the win- 
dow and make it dirty." Hants. 

HOUL-HAMPERS, s. [Hoik, Sax. a trench. 



86 



HOU. 



HOW. 



whence comei ** Hollow."] Hollow and 
huDg^ry bellies. Craven. 

nOUNCE, 8, The ornament of red and 
yellow worsted, spread over the collar of 
horses in a team. Norf, St^f, 

[Probably a corruption of Flounce.] 
HOUPY, 8. [Hoppe, Goth, a horse.] A 
horse. Craven* 

HOUSE, «. The family sitting room, as dis- 
tinguished from the other apartments. 

Norf, 
The hall. North, 

HOUSE- STEEOD, «. The kitchen, gene- 
rally occupied by the farmer and his fa- 
mily. North, 
HOb'SEN, HOWZEN,s. Houses. Nt. West. 
Quite proper, names in Saxon frequently 
making their plurals in en ; Chick, 
Chicken, Man, Men, Child, Children. 
HOUSE-PLACE, 8. The common room in 
a farm-house. North* 
To HOUSE, V, n. To grow thick and com- 
pact as corn does. Norf. 8i{f, 
When bops liave a great deal of bine so 
that the poles are thickly covered over 
the top, precluding in a great measure 
the air and sun, they are said to be 
" Housed." Kent. Sussex. 
HOUSS, 8, A contemptuous name for feet. 

Norf, Suf. 

[Hos. Sax. the heel.] Forby. 

HOUT, adv. Nay, a negative. North. 

To HOUZE, V. a. To lade as water. North. 

[Woez, Sax. to ooze.] 
HOVE, adj. [To heave, pr€Bt. hove, part, 
pass, hoven.] Swollen, as cheeses. CUoiic. 
HOW Efi, part. pass. Swoln; pu£fed up. Cra. 
To HOVER, V. n. To tarry. Craven. 

(When a hawk hovers in the air it is sta> 
tionary for a time, tarrying in one spot) 
To HOVER, V. a. To hover hops is to mea- 
sure them lightly into the basket. Kent. 
HOVER, adj. Light; " hover ground j" 
1^ « light land." E. Sussex. Kent. 

,, (When a hen hovers her chicken her fea- 
thers are lightly spread open.} 
HOVELLERS, s. Men who go out to sea in 
boats for the purpose of boarding vessels, 
to engage the unloading of them when 
they enter the harbour. B. Stissex. Rye. 
(To hover ; to hang over or about ?) 
HOVE-UP, Hozed or hawsed, part. pass. 
Finely off, (spoken ironically) meaning a 
person is in some great difficnlty. See 
Help -up. Hoi p-u p. West. 

HOW, «• A narrow iron rake without teeth. 

Craven. Grose. 
Are not teeth a necessary component part 
of a rake? 
HOW,*. [Haughur, Dan, a heap.] 

Around hillock, either natural or artifi- 

ficial; a tumulus. North. 

HOWDY, 8. A midwife. NoHh. 

(How d'y'do ? Midwives are gossips.) 
HOWGAIT, 8. (Hoik, Sax. hollow ; Gait, a 
way. A hollow way.^ Craven. 



Hence comes Holgate according to this 

author. 

HOWKING,*. Digging. NoHh. 

To " Huck about," is to spread anything 

about. Sussex. 

(Hock, G. A huckster ; a pedlar.) 

HOWLE, adj. [Hoik, Sax. hollow.] Hungry. 

North. 
HO WLET, 8. [Owl, owlet, a young owl.] 

^ owl. Grose. 

[Or It may be from Howl, owls hooting or 

howling. 

HOW-SEEDS, 8. [Hood and seed.] The 

husks of oats. North. 

gOY^E, odj. Badly off. Somerset. 

HOYT, 8. A natural simpleton. North. 

Hayty Tayiy, is from the same origin I 

have no doubt, but what is that oriein ? 

HUBBLESHEW, s. [Hubbub.] A riotous 

„,a;^mbJy- North. 

HUCK, s. A rude blow. Sussex. 

[Hosck. Germ, to strike.] 

HUCKLES, J. The hips.. Noif. Suff. 

HUCKLE-BONE, s. The small bone found 

in the joint of the knee of a lamb or sheep, 

used by children at a game in West 

Sussex, called " Dibs," which see. 

E. Sussex. 

HUCK, *. [Husk.] The pod of a pea. Ditto. 

Children get the pods and cry to each other, 

Fea-Fod Hucks, twenty for a pin. 

And if you don't liJce them, 1*11 take them agin, [ogain.^ 

HUCKLE-MY-BUFF, s. A beverage com* 
posed of beer, eggs and brandy. E. Sussex. 

HUCKMUCK, 8. A wicker strainer placed 
before the faucet in the mash tub when 
brewing, to prevent the grains from run- 
ning out. Hants. Sussex. 
[To hook, to catch, and Muck filth lees.] 

HUCK-MUCK, s. A little tiny fellow. &m. 
[Hngan, Ang. Sax. to bear.] 

HUCK-MUCK, ay. Thick ; stubbed. Som. 

HUCKSHEENS, s. The hocks or hams. 

.irTTx r Exmoor. 

HUD, 8. [Hod, Ang. Sax. a hood.] The 
husk of a nut or walnut. Glouc. Somerset. 
To HUD, V. a. To take off the husk. 

,,,T^,.^ • Gfottc. Somerset. 

HUDDERIN, s. A well grown lad. Syff. 
To HUDDLE, v. n. To embrace. Craven. 
HUER, 8. [H«r, Sax.] Hair. Craven. 
HUF, 8. [Hof. Sax. Hoof. Da.] A hoof. 

nrroi^ a n Somerset^ 

HUFCAP, *. A plant or rather a weed, 
found in fields, and with difficulty eradi- 
cated. Somerset, according to Jennings, 
who does not further identify it. 

HUFF, 8. A dry, scurfy or scaly incrusta- 
tion on the skin. Norf. Suff. 
Probably from Huf, hoof. 

To HUFF, V. a. To scold ; to rate or take 
to task. Norf. Suff. Sussex. Hants. 

HUFF, 8. Passion, anger, ill-temper, as 
"1 sent him off in a huff." I gave 
him a good scolding. Sussex. Hants. 

HUFF-CAP, *. A blustering, swaggering 



N 



HUF. 



HUM. 



87 



fellow. f^orf, 8uf, Somerset, i 

[See Hough, Haach, Germ, breathing.] I 

HUFF, 8, Light paste inclosing fruit or meat 

whilst stewing, generally made with yeast, 

being blown or puffed up. Gioue, 

HUFF, 8. Strong beer. WUU. 

HUFFIL, 9, A finger bag. Grose. 

HUPIL, «• A woodpecker. Grose, 

[See Hefful.] 
HUFFLE, «. A merry meeting. Kent. 

HUFFLCR, 8, [See Hoveller.] One that 
carries off fresh provisions to ships. 

Kent. 

HUFKINS, 8. [Ofen, Sax. Kin, little.] A 

sort of muffins. Kent, 

HUO» 8, The itch. [Applied to brutes.] 

Somerset. 

[From to Hug, to stick close.] 

HUG-WATER, s. Water to cure the Hog 

or itch. Somerset, 

To HUG, r. a, [Hugan, Ang. Sax. to bear] 

To carry. Craven. 

HUO BAAN^ •• [Hugao to bear, and Ban 

Sax. Bone.] The hip-bone. Craven, 

HU6GAN3, 8, [Hugan, Ang. Sax. to bear.] 

The hips. Craven. 

HUGGER-MUGGER, a(^'. Clandestine. Cra. 

Poor, mean, comfortless, without order. Suss, 

Hants, 
UUG-ME-CLOSE, s, A fowl's collar-bone. 

Kent, 
HUGGY-ME-CLOSE. A fowKs merry- 
thought. Somerset, 
[From the close adhesion to the sternum.] 
HUKE, 8, [Hugan, Ang. Sax. to bear.] The 
buckle bone or hip. North, 
To HUj^DER, V, a. To hide, to conceal. 

Somerset, 
[Hulgan, Goth, to cover.] 
HULK, s, A lout ; a lubber. Norf, SusseiP. 

Hants. 

A gross, oveiigTOwn, fat fellow. " The hulk. 

Sir John.** Shakes. Norf, 

To HULK, V. n. To loiter about ; to spend 

; one's time lazily. Norf. Sussex, 

To pull out the entrails of a hare or rabbit. 

NoTf.Suff. 

HUIX^ 8, A hovel. Craven, 

A place to put calves or swine in. North. 

The Husk of a nut. Craven, 

The husk or chaff of corn. Hants, 

The body of a vessel. Sussex, Hants, 

[Hulgan, Goth, to hide.] 

To HULL, V, a, [Hurl, according to Forby.] 

To throw. Norf, 

« Hu 11 it up ;•• ** throw it up." E, Sussex. 

To HULLUP, V. n. To vomit. Norf. 

HULLUP, 8, The operation of an emetic. 

Norf. 

HULLET, 8, [Hult, Ang. Sax. an owl.] 

Owl, owlet. Craven. Noiih. 

HULLY, 8, A peculiarly shaped long wicker 

basket used for catching eels. Somerset, 

To HULVE, V, a. To turn over, or upside 

down. Somerset. 

[Query, to Hull over ?"] 



HULVER, s. Holly. Norf, Suff. 

HULVER.HEADED, adj. Stupid, mud- 
dled , with a head as thick as holly, in 
the same aenw that we call a person 
wooden headed. Norf, 

To HUM, V, a. To throw any thing, as a 
stone, perhaps from the sound caused by 
throwing with violence. North. 

HUMBLEI>, or UUMMELD, ai^. Horn- 
less, said of cattle. North. 

HUMDRUM, 1. A small low cart with three 
.wheels, usually drawn by one horse. So 
called from the humming sound it makes, 
hence also comes the word. 
HUMDRUM, adj. Dull, stupid. Somerset, 
HUMDRUM, s. A dull, heavy, uninterest- 
ing person. Hants, Sussex, 
HUME, s. A hymn. Norf. 

To hum a tune. 

7b HUMMER, v. n. [From Hum, the sound 

made.] To begin to neigh, also the noise 

made by a horse when he hears the sound 

of a sieve of com. Norf. South* 

To make a low rumbling noise. North, 

HUMP, s, A contemptible quantity ,* a poor 

pittance. Norf. Suff, 

HUMPTY, ac(/. [Having a hump.] Hunch. 

backed. Norf Suff, 

To HUNCH, r. a. To lift or shove, to 

thrust. 
HUNCH, 8, A lift or shove. Norf- S^, 

Hants, Sussex. 

HUNCH, 8. A thick slice, or rather a lump, 

of food. Norf, Sussex, Hants, 

HUNCHET, *. A diminutive of Hunch. 

Grose, 
HUNCH-WEATHER,#.Cold weather, which 
makes people hunch up their shoulders. 
^ ^ Norf, Suff. 

HUNGER-POISONED, adj. Famished; 
unhealthy from want of sufficient nourish- 
ment. Norf Suff. 
HUNNIEL, 8. A miserable, covetous fellow. 

North, 

HUNKED or UNRED, adj. Dull, lonely, 

uncomfortable. fVarwkk, 

HUNKS, 8, A mAeiable, stingy, old fellow. 

Sussex. Hants, 
HUNT-THE-SLIPPER, s. A well known 
game in Somerset, Hants, Sussex. 
As this play is now almost out of fashion, 
I shall insert a description of it. A 
number of girls and boys sit on the floor 
in a circle, while one stands in the 
middle. Those who sit, have a slipper 
which they pass from one to the other, 
concealing it underneath them : it is the 
business of the one m the middle to find 
it, when the person beneath whom it is 
found has to stand up in turn till it is 
aeain discovered. The chief amusement 
arises from the'one in the circle who has 
the slipper striking the one who stands 
up, while he or she is steadily Jooking 
for it, in an opposite quarter. 



88 



HUR. 



ICE. 



HURDER, s. A heap of itonea. North 

[Heord, Sai. a herd.] 
HURE, «. [Hoer, Sax.] Hair. North. 

To HURKLE, v. n. To ihudder. North. 

[Hurchen, Belg.] 
To nURPLE, V. n. To stick ap the back 
ai cattle under a hedge in cold weather. 

North, 

HURRY, «• A small load of hay or com 

got up in haste for fear of the weather. 

Norf. 
HURRYSOME, a<^'. Quick, in a hurried 
manner. I fVorc. 

HURST, «. [Sax.] A wood. Hants, 

HURT-DONE, acy. Bewitched. Craven. 
HUSBEECH, HORSEBEECH, s, [Hurst, 
Sax. a wood and Beech, this species grow« 
ing in woods and hedgerows.] The horn- 
beam. B. Sussex, 
To HUSH, V. a. [Hoosen, Belg. to let water 
from a dam.] To detach minerals from 
earthy particles by the force of water. 

Craven* 
HUSHING, part. a. Shuffling and shrink- 
inpf up one's shoulders. Exmoor. 

This is often done in cold weather when 
it is accompanied with a sound resem- 
bling the word " Hush." 
HUSHTO, V. imp, m. Hold thy tongue. 

Craven, 

HUSSER and SQUENCHER, s, A dram 

of gin and a pot of beer. Sussex, Grose. 

To Hiss and Quench — a hot iron hisses when 

put in water, while the latter quenches 

It. Gin maybe supposed to heat while 

beer rather helps to cool it. 

To HUSTLE, V. n. [To Hoist from Hausser. 

Fr.] To raise or shrug up the shoulders. 

Grose, 

HUTCH, s, A hoard, misers putting their 

money in chests or hutches. North, 

A small cart. Kent. 

HUTHERIKIN-LAD, a. [See Hudderin.] 

A ragged youth, between boy and man. 

Durham, 

HUTKIN, s. [A little Hut.] A case or sheath 

for a sore finger. Norf, Suff, 

HUZ, pron. Us. Craven* 

HUZZIN, «. A busk. North. 

To HY, v. n. [Higan, Sax.] To make 

haste. North, 

HY, s. To have a Hy to every body is to 

have something to say to every one. 

Heigh or Hy being a word commonly 

used in calling to a person at a distance. 

fVest. 
HYEN, s, A disease among cattle. Craven. 
HYLE, s. Twelve sheaves of corn. West, 
A shock of sheaves, as many as are put 
together previously to their being car- 
ried. Hants. 
7'oHYKEN,HYPE,HYPEN,». n. [Hypynt, 
Welch, a push.] To push with the horns 
as an ox does* North. 
To make mouths at or affront one. North. 
To censure indirectly. Notih. 



HYVIN, s. Ivy. 



North. 



I. 



I, adv, [Corruption of Ay.] Yes; I, I; yes 

yes. Somerset, Hants, Sussex, 

ICE-BONE^ s, A part of a rump of beef. 

Norf, North, 
Aitch-bone ; edge-bone. Sussex, Hants, 
From Natch. AMhor of Graven dialect. 
Iskion, Grr Forby, 

Isch-Bean, Be]g« Jamieson, 

Haunch- bone. 
ICCLES, s. Iciclea. North. 

ICHON, pron. Each on. Norf, SuJ", 

Ichon'em ; each one of them. 
Each on on*em. Sussex, 

IFT'LE. If thou wilt. Craven, 

ITAKINS, adv. In feiith, an asseveration. 

North. 
I'KINS, inierj. My ikins, fVarvick, 

My eye, is a common expression. 
Kin is a diminutive, thus my Ikins, may 
be eye-kins, my little eyes. 
ILES, s, [Ailes, Fr. wings.] The side pas- 
sages of the interior of a church on either 
side of the Nave. Sussex, Hants, 

ILK, pro. [Scotch.] Each, every. North. 
To ILL, V, a. To reproach. Noif, 

lU^CONDlTIONED, a<(/. Ill-tempered. 

Norf, Sussex, 

To ILLIFY, V, a. To vilify. North, 

[111, Brit, evil, to ill j to reproach with an 

evil action ; ill-conditioned, not inclined 

to good : to illify, to make illy that m 

to appear evil or wicked.] 

ILT or ELT, s. [Gelt.J A spaye^sow. 

Somerset. 
IME, 8. [Hryml. Sax. Hrym, Isl. Hyems, 
Lat.] Rime. Ctaven. 

To IMITATE, V, a. To attempt, to endea- 
vour ; as ** The child imitated to walk." 

Norf, 
IMP, e. [Impio, BriU] An addition to a 
beehive, something placed under it. 

North, 
To IMP, V, a. To lengthen by the addition 
of something else. Penning has this word 
and quotes Sliakespeare for it. 
INBANK, s, [Resembling a Bank.] De- 
scending or inclining ground. Craven. 
INCOME OF THE FAiR,s. [Coming-in.] 
Arrivals on the evening preceding the 
fair. Craven. 

INDER, s. [Corruption of India.] A great 
number or quantity of valuable things. 

Norf. Suff, 

INDOOR-SERVANT, s, A servant in the 

country, who is employed within the 

house aad not in the fields. Norf. Suff, 

Hants, Sussex, 
INEAR or NEAR, «. The kidney. North. 
[Is this from Inner, the kidney being with- 
inside the body ; or can it be corrupted 
from Ear, a kidney sonnewliat resembling 
an ear in sliape, particularly when cut 
asunder.] 



ING. 



JAB. 



89 



INO, 9« A common pasture or meadow. ( 

North, 

ISG, 8. [log. Sax. a meadow.] A marshy 
meadow. North, 

INGLE, s, [Scotch.] Fire or flame. North. 

ININ, «. [OiguoD, Fr.] Onion. Somerset. 

INION, 8. An onion. Norf. Suff. Hants. 

Toxins, v. a. [Inne, Oerm. within.] To 
house cofn, that is to put it into barns. 
To inclose land. B, Sussex. Kent. 

INNINGS, s. Land that has been inclosed 
from the sea. E, Sussex. Kent» 

INNINGS, s. The plajers at cricket who 
are at the wicket and strike the ball are 
said to be In, and when they are put out, 
their " Innings" is said to be over. Sussex. 

Hants. 

INNER and OUTERMER, adv. Inwards 
and outwards. Cranfen. 

INNOCENT, a4f. Silly. Norf. 

Silly, but harmless. Hants. Sussex. 

INNOMBARLEY, s. Such Barley as is 
sown the second crop after the ground is 
fallowed. Grose. 

INOO, adv. Presently. North, 

To INSENSE, V, a. [To put sense into one.] 
To make a man understand a thing. North. 

IN-TRUST, s. Interest of money, that is 
of money intrusted to another. Norf. 

INTERMITTING, s. The ague, very pro- 
perly so called. North. 

INTUCK, s. [Trucken, Teut to keep close.] 
An inclosure taken in from a common. 

Craven. 

INWARD-MAID, s. The House-maid in a 
farm-house, who has nothing to do with 
the dairy. Norf. Suff. 

INWARDS, s. [From being within the 

body.] The intestines, particularly of a 

hog. Norf. Glou. Sussex. Hants. 

In Hampshire always pronounced **Innerds." 

IRE, s. Iron. Berks. Somerset. 

IRE-GARE, I. [See Gare.] Iron-gear. 

Somerset, 

IRNING or YEARNING, s. [Corruption 
of Yearn.] Rennet. North. 

ISE, EES, ICH, pro. [Ich, Belg. I. Ich. 
Dien ; I serve ; Prince of Wales' motto, 
assumed first by Edward the Black Prince, 
it having been the motto of the King of 
Hungary who was taken prisoner in the 
battle of Cressy.] I. fF. Somerset. 

Devon. 

ISESHACKLE, s. Icicle. Craven. 

[Perhaps from Ice, and Shackle, to confine, 
to bind, the Ice being fastened to some 
spot.] 

ISSES, s. Earth-Worms. Hants. 

1ST, s. [I long.] East. Somerset. 

ISTARD, adv. Eastward. Somerset. 

IT, ami. [Git. Sax.] Yet. Somerset. 

ITEM, s. A hint. North. E. Sussex. 

ITTEN, port. pass. [Itan. Goth, to eat.] 
Eaten. Craven. 

IVIN, s. Ivy. Craven. 

IVRY, adj. ' Every; Craven* 



J. 

To JABBER, V. n. [Gaber,* Fr.] To talk 
fast and idly. Hon/f. Swx. 

J ABBER-KNOWL, «. [To jabber and Knol. 
Sax. a head.] A prating blockhead. 

North. 

JABBER, »• Discourse. North. 

Idle talk. Soulh. 

To JACK, V. a. [Jacken,^ Belg. to beat.] 
To beau i* Crown. 

JACK-A-DANDY, s. [Jack and Dandin, Fr. 
a ninny.] A little impertinent, or rather 
consequential fellow. North. South. 

JACK-A-LEGS, s. [Jack of Liege, from 
Jacques de Liege, the name of a famous 
culler in that city.] A large pocket-knife. 

North. 

JACK, s. Half-a-pint. Yorks. 

JACK-IN-THE-LANTHORN, *. The me- 
leor commonly caUed ** Will With the 
Wisp." Somerset. 

JOAN-IN-THE-WAD, J i Ditto. 

JACKET-A-WAD, S Ditto. 

JACK-IN THE-LANTHpRN, *. In Hamp- 
shire, boys, of a dark night, get a large 
turnip and scooping out the inside, make 
two holes in it to resemble eyes and one 
for a mouth, when they place a lighted 
candle within side, and put it on a wall 
or a post so that it may appear like the 
head of a man. The chief end (and that 
a verv bad one) is to take some younger 
boy than the rest, and who is not in the 
secret, to show it to him, with a view to 
frighten him. 

JACK-SHARP-NAILS, s. A fish, called 
the Prickle-back, from the sharp prickles 
on its back. I>erhy. 

JACK-BOOTS, ff. [More properly Jacked 
Boots the leather being prepared for resist- 
ing the water by dressing it with melted 
bees' wax and oil.] Large boots, reaching 
above the knees, worn by fishermen, when 
they go into the water to haul up their 
nets or their boats. Hants. 

JADE, s. [Gaad, Sax.] A horse, not in a 
contemptuous sense as it is generally 
used ; but applied to a good horse as 
Shakespeare uses it in Henry 5th, where 
he says "He is indeed a horse and all 
other Jades you may call Beasts.*" Norf. 

Suff. from Forhy. 

JkGtf s. An indefinite quantity, but less 
than a load of hay or corn in the straw. 

Norf. Suff. Pority. 

JAG OF HAY, s. A small load. BaiLey. 

JAG, s. A parcel or load of any thing 
whether on a man's back or in a carriage. 

Norf. Grose. 

[Gaggan,'Sax. to jag or make uneven. A 

Jag liere means an odd uneven parcel of 

any thing.] 

JAGUE, s. A ditch. Bailey. 

[The ground is " Jagged" or rendered 

uneven by the digging of ditches.] 



i 



90 



JAM. 



JEW. 



JAM, 8, } A vein of marl or olay. 
JAMB, 8. i Norf.Suf. 

[Forby Herifei it from Jambe, Fr. ales:. 
I shoold rather think it ii derived from 
** Jam," Jelly, whence we have '* Jam- 
med," pressed close together, as a vein 
of clay or marl is, and in this sense we 
have to '^ Jam" in Norfolk, which means 
to render firm by treading as land is 
where cattle are foddered.] 
To JAMMOCK, V. a. [See Jam.] To beat, 
crush, or squeeze into a soft mass. Norf* 

Suff. 
JAMMOCKj «. A soft pulpy substance. 

Norf. Suff. 
JANNOCK, «. Oaten-biead. North. 

[Johnson has Bannock and Jannock.] 
JARBLED, aiij. Daggled. North. 

[Garbean, Span. GarlMge.] 
JARCH^ «. A seal. Baileif. 

JASEY, 8. [Jersey.] A wig, contemptu- 
ously so cieilled, as though it were made 
of DO better materials than "Jersey" 
yam. Norf, 

To J ATTER, V. a. [To Shatter.] To split 
into shivers. Norf. 

JAUNDER8, 8. )Jaune, Fr. yellow. 
JAUNUS, 8. S North. 

^Jaundice. South. 

To JAUP, V. n. To make a noise like liquor 
agitated in a close vessel. North. 

(Probably from the sound.) 
To JAUP, V. a. To jumble or mix together 
as the sediment with the dear portion of 
bottled liquor. I North. 

JAUPEN, a4f. [Op, Sax. open.] Large, 
spacious. Craven. 

JAVVER^ 8. [See Jabber.] 
To JAW, t). a. To abuse a person with 
great volubility of tongue, the Jaw conse- 
quently being much uwd at the time. 

Hant8. Sussex, 
JED, adj. Dead. Warurick. 

To JEE, r. n. [See Gee.] 
JENNY-BALK, 8. A small beam near the 
roof of a house. North. 

JENNY-CRONE, i. A crane. North. 

JENNY-CRUDLE, s. A Wren. South. 

JENNY-IiULET or HOWLET, 8. An owl. 

York. 
Jenny seems to be used to express some- 
thing small and delicate, as Tom and 
Jack are frequently used in a contrary 
sense, thus a rude hoyden girl is called 
a '< Tom-boy," and a common woman of 
the most vulgar description a *' Jack- 
Whore.*' Jenny-Balk, oalk is a beam, 
and jenny means small. Jenny-Crone, a 
crane. [Greene, Sax. a crane.] Jenny- 
How let, small, and Howlet properly a 
young owl. Jenny-Crndle, a wren. 1 
know not the meaning of Crudle. In 
Hampshire we have this couplet : 

•< Little Cock. Robin and little Jenny. Wren. 
Are God Almighty*! Uttle Cock and Hen/* 

And agreeably to this these birds are 



held sacred, no boys, however darings 
venturing to take their nesu or to kill 
them. 

JEROBOAM, «. A capacious bowl or goblet. 
Joram has the same signification. Norf. 
8i^, The latter name is used in Sussex 
and Hampshire. Mr Forby derives the 
words from the two Kings of Israel of 
those names, and who were both infamous 
for their vices. 

JET, 8. [Jetter, Fr. to throw or cast up.] 
A large wooden ladle used to empty a 
cistern ; or to lade water out of any place. 

Norf. Hants. 

JEWEL, 8. The starling of a wooden bridge, 
acconling to Grose. Perhaps from its 
forming a considerable defence to it. 
[See Jowel.] 

To JIB, V. n. To start aside suddenly and 
violently, said of a horse. Norf. Hants* 

Sussex. 

To JIBE, V. a. [To Jib and Jibe have the 
same origin ; a vessel is said to " Jibe^ 
when she is put on a fresh tack, that is, 
made to change her course^ which is done 
by hauling the jib-sail to the opposite 
side.] To change the course of a vessel. 

Sussex. Hants. 

JIB, *. Outward appearance^ as " I know 
him by the cut of his Jib," which is a 
phrase taken from sailors who know the 
different Vessels of their own ^ port, and 
more particularly those of foreign nations 
by the peculiar cut or shape of their 
sails, of which the Jib is one. Sussex. 

Hants. 

JIB, 8. The under-lip, particularly of a 
whimpering child, who at the time drops 
it. Naff. Suff. 

JIBB, 8. A stand for a barrel of liquor. 

PVest. 

JIBBER, 8. A startish horse. E. Sussex. 

JIBBY, 8. A frisky, gadding, flaunting 
wench, full of fantastical and affected airs 
and dressed in flashy finery. Norf. 

JIB BY-HORSE, s. A showman's horse 
decorated with particoloured trappings, 

{>lumes, &c. Sometimes applied to a 
luman object. Noif. 

[A Jib and other sails frequently flutter 
about in the wind.] 
JIFFEY, 8. A short time, an instant. 

Somerset. Hants. Sussex. 

JI6GS, 8. Small dregs or sediment, as of a 

pot of coffee or a bottle of physic. Norf. 

JiG-BY'JOWU' plti. adv. [Cheek-by-jowl.] 

Close together, as though the cheek of 

one touched that of the other. Norf* 

Hants, Sussex. 
JIGGER-PUMP, 8. A pump used in 
breweries to force beer into vats. 

Sussex, 

This pump works in short, quick snatchcss, 
as the dance called a Jig implies a quick 
step, and a Jig-tune is also lively and 
quick. 



JIG. 



JOC. 



91 



JIGGER, 8, A constable. I'll be jigg;ered ii 

aneipression used in Hampshire. 
To JIKE or JY6G, o. n. [Geigan, Germ, 
lo rub.] To creak. Craven. 

JILL, a, Half'a-pint. Craven. 

A gltMa of wine. Sutsex, Hants, 

A quarter of a pint. Penning. 

We find a Jack is half a pint as well as a 
Jill, in Yorkshire. Jack and Jill, a 
familiar male and female name, are con- 
tinually coupled together as " Every Jack 
has his Jill/' is a common saying ; there 
is also a little nursery song as follows, 
via: — 

*< Jack and JiU wsnt up a hUl 
Td draw a tmcket of water. 
Jack fdl down and broke hit crown 
And Jai came tuaatding after.". 

Thus as Jack and Jill were always com- 
panions, so two cups alike were desig- 
nated by the same names 
JILL-HOOTER, JILLY-HOOTER, 8. An 
owl. Norf, 

Forby derives it from Jill a female name, 
and to Hoot. I think rather it should 
be written Gill-Hooter, which see. 
JIMy 8, [More properly Jem, used as Jack 
. often is.] A nuichine with two wheels for 
carrying timber, frequently called a Jill. 

Norf. 
JIMMERS, a. [See Gimmers.] Hinges. 

Craven, 

JIMMY, €uif. t^im. Sax. a Jem or Jewel.] 

Neat ; smart ; spruce. North. South. 

To J 1ST, r. a. [Agist, Ager, Lat. a field.] 

To tsJLe cattle in to pasture them. 

North. 
JITCH, 3JTCHY, adj. Such. Somerset. 
In many parts " Such*' is pronounced 
" Sich.*' S is often hardened into Z, 
which will make ** Zilch," and Sich, 
Zitch, Jitch, are easily confounded by 
ignorant people. 
JOAN'S SILVER PIN, s. A single article 
of finery ostentatiously displayed amidst 
dirt and sluttery. Norf. Suf. 

JOB, 9. A piece of labour undertaken at a 
given price. Norf, S%ff. 

'^ To work by the Job" means to do a cer- 
tain piece of work at a given price, in 
contradiction to working at so much per 
day. Sussex. Hants. 

To work by the Piece, by the Lump, by the 
Great, are all similar expressions used in 
Kent and Sussex. 
JOBBET, 8. A small quantity, commonly 
of hay or straw. Hants. Grose. 

JOBBEL, 8. Expresses the same. Giouc, 
And may not these three words be from Gob, 
Gobbet, a mouthful, a lump of anything? 
JOCE, 8. The Deuce. fVarwkk, 

[To Jockey is to cheat, Jocus Lat. a 
Joke ?] 
JOBATION, s. [Job, he having argued 
much with his friends.] A lecture, a re- 
primand. Sussex, Hants. 



JOCKTALEGS, s. A clasp knife. North. 

[See Jack-a-legs.] 
JOD, s. The letter J. Somerset* 

According to Penning this is the proper 
name, being so called from the Hebrew 
Jod. 
To JOG, r. a. *) HanU, North. W. Sussex. 
To JOGGER, S Norf. Suff. 

To JOGGLE, 3 North. South. 

To shake, to shake gently. [Schoggle, 
Low. Sc. Schocken, &lg.] 
JOGGING, s, A protuberance in sawn wood, 
as though the saw had been jogged and 
thrown out of a straight line. Norf, Suff. 
To JOIST, V, a. [See Gist.] To summer 
cattle. North, Lincoln, 

To JOLL, V. n. To job or strike sharply 
with the beak, as *' See how that rook 
Jolls" for worms. Norf, Given by Grose, 
Joll, but by Forby, "Jowl." Penning 
has '* To Jole," lo beat the head against 
any thing. Shakespeare has " Jowl.!' 
[Jowl, the Jaw.] 
To JOR, V, a, [To Jar, from Eorre, Sax. 
making J or more proper than Jar.] 
To Jostle or push. North, 

JO RAM, 8. [See Jeroboam.] A large jug 
or bowl full of something to be eaten or 
drunken. Somerset. 

JOSEPH, 8, A very old fashioned riding 
coat for women I scarcely, if ever, now 
seen. (1835.) Norf. Hants. North. 

To JOSS or JOSTLE, r. n. To make room 
by standing or sitting close. Norf. 

JOSS-BLOCK, 8, Hants. 

JOSSING or JOSTLING BLOCK. Norf. Suff. 
A horse-tjlock to which the horse must be 
made to Joss, that is to come as close as 
possible to enable the rider to mount 
him. 
[Ajuster, Fr. to adjust, to make just or 
right.] 
JOSSEL, 8. A Hodge-podge. North. 

To JOSTLE, V. a. To cheat, as he Jostled 
him out of his money. Hants. Suss, 

Giostrare, Ital. to Joust, to run in a tilt, 
implying coming in violent contact. In 
a hodge podge many things are brought 
together ; to Jostle, to cheat, may imply 
the getting close to another for the 
purpose. 
To JOT, V. a. To disturb in writing ; to 
strike the elbow. Somerset. 

To Jog (of which, probably. Jot is a corrup- 
tion) is used in the same senate in Hamp- 
shire, where when one boy is writing be 
says lo another " Don't Jog my elbow.") 
JOT, adv. Plump, downright. Norf. 

To JOT, JOTTER, v, n. To Jolt roughly. 

Norf, 
JOT, 8, [Giota, Span, an iota.] An iota, 
any thing small and insignificant. *' I 
donU care a Jot for you." Hants. 

JOT, JOT-CART, s. A cart which, from 
being badly hung, has a very rough mo- 
tion. Norf. 



92 



JOU. 



KAA. 



JOTTEE, 8, A diminutive of Jot-Cart, 
meaning a vehicle approaching as near to 
a gig as exemption from taxation will 
allow. ^ Norf. 

JOT-GUT, «. The large got of a hog in 
which the finest hog's puddings are made. 

Norf. 

To JOUDER, V. n. [See Jabber.] To 
chatter. Bailey, 

JOUK-COAT, *. A great coat. North, 

7b JOUNCE, V. n. To jolt or shake. Norf. 
[Changed from Jauncing, used by Shakes- 
peare, according to Forby, may it not be 
from Jouster, Fr. or corrupted from 
Bounce, which is one of the meanings 
given by Forby.l 

To JOUP, V. a. [Jolt up.] To shake up, 
to toss to and fro. North, 

JOURNEY, «. [Journ^e, Fr. a day's work.] 
A man's day's work at plough. Norf. 

JOUTS, 8. [Jolts.] Dashes. North. 

To JOWER, V. n. To be exhausted with 
fatigue. Norf. 

t Journeyed-out as it were ; fatigued by the 
day's ivork. 

To JOWL, r. n. [See to Joll.] Gueule, Fr. 

JOWEL, 8, [Jowl, the cheek, Sc. Jowls.] 
The pier of a bridge. Craven, 

JUB, 8, The slow heavy trot of a sluggish 
horse. Norf. 

7*0 JUB, V. n. To move as a slow-trotting 
heavy horse does. Hant8, Sutnex, 

To JUG, V, n. To squat and nestle close to- 
frether, as partridges do at night. Norf. 

JUG, 8, A common pasture. JVe8l. Bailey, 

JUGGLEMEAR, s. [To Jo^le^ to shake, 
and Mieyer, Belg. mire.] A quagmire. 

fVe8t, Norf BaUey, 

To JULR, V. n. [From the sound.] To give 
a sound like liquor shaken in a cast » hen 
not quite full. Norf. 

JUM, 8. A sudden jolt or concussion caused 
by the incountering of an obstacle un per- 
ceived, as driving a carriage against a large 
stone or a post when in brisk motion. 

Norf 

[Perhaps from Jump, as we say " he 

Jumps at a conclusion, that is, comes to 

it without much previous consideration.] 

JUMBLEMENT, s. [Jumble.] 

Confusion. Craven, 

JUMP, adj. Short ; compact. Ditto, 

(We have Dumpy and Lumpy, but whence 

comes Jump ?) 

JUMPER, 8, A miner's auger. Craven, 

JUMPS, 8, [Jupe, Fr. a petticoat] 

A child's leathern frock. Craven, 

To JUMP- WITH, V. n. To meet with ac- 
cidentally. Craven. 
To coincide with. HanU. Craven. 
JUNK,«. [Junket, Juncate, Juncade, Fr.] 
A singular or favourite dish. GUme, 
JURNUT, *. An earth-nuU North, 
JU-UM, adj. Empty. North. 



K. 



KAAM, 8. [Kam, Belg. Kaim, Scotch.] 

A comb. Craven. 

KAELPIE, 8, A supposed spirit of the 
waters. Scotland. Gtoee. 

RALE, s. A turn. Cheah, Bailey. 

KALE, 8. Broth ; pottage. North, 

KALE- POT, 8. Pottage pot. DHto, 

(Kaal, Isl. pot herbs.) 
KARL-CAT, 8, [Kaerle, Belg. a husband.] 
A male cat. Craven. 

KAZZARDLY, ot^j. Unlucky ; cattle sub- 
ject to casualties or death. North* 
Hazardous. Craven. 
(Perhaps corrupted from Hazard.) 
To KEA, V, n, 'To go. Craven, 
KEAL, a4f, [Coblan, Sax. to cool.] Cold. 

Craven, 
KEALE, 8, A cold or cough. Lincoln* 

To KEAL, V. a. To cool. North, 

KEALER or KEELER, s. A small shallow 
tub, fit for cooling beer or other liquids 
in. E, 8u88ex, 

KEEL, 8. A vessel to cool liquors in. North, 

Bailey. 

KEAMER or KEYMER, 8, A very small 

animal of the ferret species, Suuex, 

K£BBERS,s. Colled sheep. Lincoln, 

To KECK, V. n. [Kecken, Belg. to heave 

the stomach.] To retch at something 

nauseous. Fenning. 

KECKER, adj. Squeamish. Craven, 

KECKER,s. The windpipe. Somereet, 

The gullet. Berks. 

To KECKLE, v, n. To laugh violently. 

Cranen, 
To KEDGE, V, a. To fill. North, 

KEDGE, adj. Brisk; active. Norf. Sujr. 
KEDGE-BELLY, s. A glutton. North. 

A large protuberant body. Mto, 

KEE, 8. Kine or cows. Exmoor* Qro8e. 

(Kye, Scotch.) 
KEEP, 8. Food for cattle, generally spoken 
of green, in opposition to dry food. 

Norf, 8uff. Bants. Sussex, 
KEDGER,«. A fisherman. York. 

KEEPING-ROOM, s, A sitting room, in 
which the family generally live. In 
Hampshire and Sussex called the living- 
room, Norf, 
KEEP, a. [Things being kept in it.] 

A basket, always a large one. Somenet. 

To KEEVE. r. a. To put the wort into a 

Keeve for some time to ferment. Som, 

KEEVE, 9. A large tub or vessel used in 

brewing. A mashiog-tub is sometimes 

called a Keeve. Somerset, 

A large vessel to ferment liquors in. Devon, 

KEFANS, s. Scum, or mother of ale, &c. 

North, 

All these words seem to own one origin, 

implying fermentation or heaving up. 

If we can conceive it to be derived and 

since corrupted from '* heave," we have 



KIV. 



KER. 



93 



h\\ we can desire. Liquors during fer- 
mentation heave up the scum, the yeast 
is heaved up, and the cart is heaved up 
when overthrown. 
KIVER, s, A shallow tub used for cooling 
beer in. Hants. 

To KEEVE, V. a. [Can it be corrupted from 
Heave.] To heave up or overthrow a 
a cart. North, 

KEFFEL, t. A bad and worn out horse. 

SomersH* 
KEIL, «. A cop of hay. North. 

KEISTY, adj. [Kiesetigh, Belg.] 

Di(ficn1t,^to please in diet. Craven. 

KELD, 9. [CoBlan, Sax.to cool.] A well. Cra* 
KELKS. i. [Calx. Lat. the heel.] 

A beating ; blows. North. 

The row of a fish. North. 

KELLOWy i. Black lead. North. Bailey. 
KELL, «. [Kylle, Ang. Sax. a cellar.] 

The caul of a slaughtered beast. Norf. 

KELL, 9. [Cella, Lat. Kylle, Sax. a cellar.] 

A kiln. JB. Stusex. A Cell. Craven, 

KELPS, s. Iron hoops from which boilers 

are hung. Craven. 

[Kleplo'j^GDth.] 

KELTER or KILTER, 9. [Culture.] 

Condition; order; "my farm is in pretty 

good Kelter." Norf. Suf. 

Frame ; order. North. 

Condition ; state of health ; as '' I am 

quite out of Kilter," I am not quite well. 

8u99ex. Hants. 
Helter-skelter, or more more properly Hel- 
ter-kelter, according to Grose, is derived 
from Haltar, to hang, that is get rid of 
Kelter, order. Thus a Helter-skelter 
fellow is one who sets all order at de- 
fiance. 
To KELTER, v. n. To work, as a plough, 
which is said to Kelter well or ill. 
In this sense the word may come either 
from Culture, Lat. culture, or culler, Lat. 
a knife; whence Coulter, a piece of iron 
with a sharp edge placed before the 
share in a plough, for the purpose of 
cutting the surface. 
To KEM, 9. a. [Kembe, Isl.] To comb. 

Craven. 
KEMMET,a£(/. Foolish. Shrop. BaUey, 
KEMMIN, t. Combing ; the act of comb- 
ing. Craxjen. 
KEMPS, 1. [Kemp, Belg. hemp.] 

Coarse fibres of wool. Craioen. 

To KEN, 9. a. [Csnan, Sax. ; Kennen, Belg.] 

To know ; to descry at a distance. A word 

in frequent use among the old writers, 

but now confined chiefly to the North. 

KENSPECK,t. A thing known by some 

blemish. 
KENSMARKED, part. peas. Having some 
mark by which to be distinguished. North. 
KENNING, s. A measure, by which a quan- 
tity is ascertained or known. North. 
To KEP, 9. a, [Kepan, Ang. Sax.] 
To catch a ball. NoHh. 
(To retch or^heave. See Keck.) Ditto, 



KEP, 8. [Ceppe, Sax] A cap. Som. Orose. 

To KEPPEN, V. a. To hoodwink ; to put 

a cap as it were over one's eyes. North. 

KERLE, s. A loin of veal or mutton. 

KERN,«. A churn. North. 

To KERN, 9. n. To turn from blossom to 

(ruit. Somerset m 

When the grain first begins to form in the 

ear it is said to Kern. Hants. 

KERN BABY, 9. An image dressed up with 

corn, carried before the reapers to their 

harvest-home. North. 

KERNEL,*. A grain; as '<a Kernel of 

of wheat," a " Kernel of salt." Norf. 8^. 

These words all have one meaning, and are 

derived either from Com, Sax. a plant, 

or firrain of a plant, or from Cymel, Sax. 

a kernel. 

KERNED-BEEF, t. Salted beef. HanU. 

KERN-MILK, 9. [See Churn.] 

Butter milk. North. 

To KERP, r. a. [Carpo, Lat. to pull or 

pluck.] To carp at ; to censure. Exmoor. 

KERSE, 9, The furrow made in a board by 

the saw. South. Orose. 

(Course of the saw.) 

To KERSEN, v. a. [Kersten, Belg.] 

To christen. Craven. 

KERSMAS, s, Christmas. Craven. 

KESLOP, f. The stomach of a calf. North. 
KESTER, s. Christopher. North. 

KESMAS,«. [See Kersen.] Christmas. Nt. 
KET, s. [Kaet, Teut filth.] 

Carrion. Norf. North. 

KET- POLE, s. A carrion pole. Norf. 

KETTY, oiy. Dirty; worthless. Norf. Nt. 
KEBLOCK,«. Wild turnip. North. 

Penning calls it Kedlack. Cadlick. Kent. 
E. Sussex. Churlick. Hants. 

KESSON, s. A Christain. Exmoor. 

KEVIL, KEFUL, ac(/. [Kefyl, Welch.] 

Awkward; heavy; dull. Craven* 

KEY-BEER, s. Ale, or better sort of beer, 

kept under lock and key. Kent. Norf. 

KEYLD, 8. A spring. Orose. 

(Is it from Geldan, Sax. to yield ?) 
KEX, 8. ^[Queck, Isl.] Hemlock. Crasfen. 
KEXY, f The dry hollow stalks of hem- 
|lock; also of cow-parsley. 
3 Hants. Somerset. 

" As dry as a Kex" is a common saying. 
KIBBAGE, s. Small refuse and rubbish ; 
riff-raff. Norf. 8^. 

'* Cabbage" is a word used to signify the 
odd pieces which are purloined by the 
tailor out of the cloth allowed for mak- 
ing a garment ;;.Kibbage seems to nearly 
resemble Cabbage in this sense. 
KICK, f. [Kickshaw.] A novelty : dash. 
I Norf. S^gr. 

\ To say a man is " quite the Kick," means 
that he is dressed very smartly. Hants. 

Sussex. 
KICKEL, 8. [Cicele, Ang. Sax.] 

A sort of flat cake, with sugar and currants 
strewn on the top. Hants. Sussex. 



94 



KID. 



KIN. 



KICKY, aJJ.l [See Kick.] Showy. Hcmit. 

Suuex. 
KICK-HAMMER, t. A stammerer. Exmoor, 
KICKSHA, «. [Kickshaw ; Quelques choses, 
Fr.] A proud, vain, person. Craven. 
KID, J, [Kitte, Be]g.] A small wooden 
tub. E, S%u$ex. 

KID, «. A small fagot of brush wood. North, 
KID, s. A pod of peas, beans, or tares. 

HamU, 
KIDCROW, t. A place for keeping a suck- 
ing calf. Chnkhre. 
KJDDERS, t. Persons employed to gather 

peas about London. 
KIDDIER or KIDGER, s. [Cadger. Br.] 
A Higgler, one who goes to farm-houses 
and other places, buying poultry, eggs, 
&c. iVbi/. Suff. 

To KIDDLE, V. a* To embrace; caress; 
fondle. Norf, 8ujf, 

To entice ; to coai. E» Sussex 

(See Kittle.] 
KIDNEY, t. [Perhaps from the shape, as 
a pig>tail of a thick size was formerly 
Tcalled a Club.] 

A manner of tying the students' hair at 
Cambridge. Oroae. 

Disposition ; manners ; habits ; as, " They 
are both of a Kidney ;*"* they are alike in 
their opinions. Hants, Sussex, 

KIE, s, [Kye, Sc. kine, nf.] Cows. North, 
KILLER, c [Kylle, Cadus, Lat. a cask.] 
Forby, See Kealer, which is generally 
pronounced Killer.] A shallow tub, par- 
ticularly a wash*tob. Norf, Sujf, 
KlLPSyS. [See Kelps.] Pot-hooks. North. 
To KILT, p. a. [Kilt, Sc.] 

To tuck up. 
KILTER, t. Money. 
KILVER, s. [See Culver.] 
KIMNEL, or KEMLIN^ t. 

tub. 
KIMED, part, pass. Cracked. 
KIN, s. [Cinan, Sax. to gape.] 

A chop in the hand. North. 

KIN, KINNINGS, s. Chops in the skin, 
occasioned by the frost. Craven. 

KIND, adj. Intimate. North. 

To KINK, V, n. Over twisted thread run- 
ning into knots, is said to Kink. South. 

Nosf. 

KINK, t. A lope which in running out is 

not qoite straight, is said to have a Kink 

or Kinks in it. Bants. Sussex. 

KINK, s. A fit or convulsion, either of 

laughing or crying. Notth, 

To KINK, V. n. [Kinken, Teut. to breathe 

hard.] 

To breathe with difficulty. Craven. 

To whoop through laughter. Craven, 

To KINK, 9. fi. To be entangled ; to be set 

fast or stopped. Norf. 

All these meanings imply some difficulty, 

and may well be derived from '* Kinken," 

Tent, to breathe hard ; but Forby gives 

us *' to Kink up,'* to be disentangled -, 



Craven, 

Somerset, 

Norf. 

powdering 

North, 

Shrop, 



to be set firee ; and gives as examples, 
'* he will Kink up again," said of a sick 
person showing symptoms of amendment 
in health. '< The fire will Kink up,*' 
meaning, though almost extinct, a little 
care will revive it. However this im- 
plies some difficulty in producing the 
desired result. 
KINDIFUL, adj. Kindly ; relating to a kind 
or sort. Norf. S^, 

KINDLY, adj. Friendly ; well disposed. 

Norf. S%iff, 
Favourable; suitable; as this is kindly 
weather ; the ground works kindly. 

Hants. Susses, 
Thriving ; disposed to fatten ; as '* that is 
a kindly bullock." Hants. Sussex. 

KIND 0\ After a kind or manner. She 
made game of it kind o'; that is in 
some way. Norf. Suff. 

KINER, s. [Cine, Ang. Sax.] A flannel 
wrapper used by nurses for infant chil- 
dren. Norf. Syff, 
KINGBOW, or A-KINGBOW, adv. [Kene- 
bow, Chaucer, Akenebow, a keen bow, or 
one bent keenly or with a sharp angle. 
Jennings.] Akimbo or Kimbo. Somerset, 
KING-COUGH, s. [Kinken, Belg. to breathe 
hard.) The Chin-cough. North. Line, 
KIPEj s. An osier basket, broader at top 
than at bottom, and narrowed by degrees 
at the top, but left open at each end for 
taking fish. Oxford, 
KIPLIN, f. The palates, gullets, sounds, or 
other perishable parts of the codfish, 
cured separately from the body, which 
they would taint. Norf, 
KIPPER, atHf, [To skip.] Lively. Craven. 
KIPPLE, s. A couple. ** A Kipple of rab- 
bits. Norf, 
KIRCHER, t. The midriff; the diaphram. 

Somerset, 
KIRK-GARTH, t. [Kitk, Sc. church, see 
Garth.] A church-yard. North. 

KIRK-MAISTER> s, A churchwarden. 

NoHh. 
To KIRSEN, V, a. [See Kersen.] To christen. 

Somerset. 
KIRSMAS, s. Christmas. Somerset. 

KIRTLE, s, [Obsolete.] An outer petti- 
coat, worn formerly to protect the other 
garments when riding. Norf, 

KISK, s. [Kex.] Anything perfectly dry 
and husky. Norf, 

KISKY, adj. Dry ; juiceless ; husky. Norf, 
KISS-ME-AT-THE-GARDEN-GATE, s. A 
fanciful yet rather pretty name of the 
viola-tricolor, garden pansy. Norf. 

In Hampshire and Sussex " Hearts ease/' 
" Leap up and kiss me." Shakespeare 
calls it Love-lies-a-bleeding. 
KISSING^CRUST, s. That part of the crust 
of a loaf where it has touched another. 

Hants. Sussex, 
KIST, s, [Ciste, Sax. a case.] 
A chest. Craven. 



KIT, 



KID. 



95 



KIT, «. [Ritte, Belg:<] A milkin; pail. " Cra. 
A wooden utensil with two handles and a 
cover fitted in between them, as a flour- 
kit, asali-kic^ &e,, sometimes called a 
Kid. Norf. Sufi. 

A small tub in which pickled salmon is put. 

CofMium* 

A .collection or assemblage of persons, 

** The whole Kit of them.^' Noff. HarUt. 

Somertet. York, 

The whole quantity of anything. Ditto. 

KIT^ or KITUNG, s. A young: cat. Norf. 

Sussex, Hants, 
KIT-CAT, t. A game played by three or more 
players ; the'* Cat" is shaped like a double 
cone. Norf, 

KIT-CAT-ROLL, s. A roller, so formed as 
to roll the sloping surface from the ridge 
to the furrowf in which the horse goes. 

Norf. 
To KITCHEN, v. a. To use thriftily. North. 
KITCHIN ESS-BREAD, «. Thin, soft oat- 
cakes, made of thin batter. North. 
KITE, s. [Kit, a tub.] The belly. Cumb, 
KIT-KEYS, 8. The pods bearing the seed 
of the ash tree. BaUey, 
KITTE-PACKS, s, A kind of buskins. Qrose, 
To KITTLE, V. a. [Kittelan, Ang. Sax.] 
To tickle. North. Norf. 
To itch. Craven, 
To KITTLE, V. a, [Kitten, a young cat.] 

To bring forth kitlins, alias kittens. Craven, 
KITTLE, KITTLISH, «(;. Ticklish. N&rth. 

Norf, 
Difficult; nicely poised. Craven, 

Delicate in health. B, Sussex. 

Difficult to be managed. Ditto. 

(These words are used in the same sense as 
ticklish ; a person who is ticklish can 
scarcely bear to be toucked ; a kittlish 
or ticklish affair is one that requires a 
delicate hand to manage it.) 
KITTLE, or KITTLE-SMOCK, «. A smock- 
frock. Somerset, 
KITTY, s. [Abbrev.] Christopher. Craven, 
KITTY.WITCH, s. A small species of crab, 
with fringed claws. 
A species of water fowl, the Kitty wake of 

Pennant. 
A female spectre, dressed in white. 
A woman dressed in a grotesque and fright- 
ful manner, called also Hitch-Witch, 
Norf. See Forby. 
To KIVER, V. a, [Kevere, Chaucer.] Norf, 

fFarwich* 
To KIVVER, or CIVVER, o. a. Idneoln. 

To cover. 
KIVER, «. A cover Norf. 

KIVER, t. [See Keeve.] HanU. 

KIVE I, V. imp, [Cwithan, Goth.] 

Quoth I. North. 

KIZENED, pari, pass. [Gisen, Isl. to gape.] 

Parched or dried up^ North. 

To KLICK, 9. a. [Klepto, Goth, to clasp.] 

To catch. Craven. 

To KUCK-UP, V. a. To catch up. Line, 



KLICK-HOOKS, s. Large hooks used for 

catching-salmon ; they are not baited, but 

laid in the water where a fish has been 

observed,' a line is attached, which a man 

holds in his hand, when, ascending a tree, 

he watches the moment when a fish is 

just above it, and drawing up his hooks 

suddenly, frequently catches it. Craven, 

To KLUTSEN, 9. a. [To clutch has some- 

thing of this meaning, and probably Klut- 

sen is the original word, its termination 

being completely Saxon.] 

To shtike. Craven, 

To KEPEN, V, a, [Cephan, Sax. to keep.] 

To keep or take care of. North. 

KEP, s Care. 

KIDLES, s. Unlawful fishing nets. Ditto, 
Penning has " Kidder" an ingrosser of 
com. We have kidnapper, and to kid- 
nap, all implying some unlawful taking; 
but whence come these words ? 
KETTLE-NETS, «. A species of neU fixed 
to poles placed in the sand, running some 
distance into the sea at low water, form- 
ing a kind of half*circle at the bottom ; 
used in East Sussex and Kent for taking 
mackerel in the proper season. 
KEYS, s. The bunches of pods bearing the 
seed of the ash-tree. Hants, 

KETTLE of FISH. When a person 
has perplexed his affieiirs, he is said to 
have made a fine kettle of fish of it. 

% Sussex. Hants, 

KNAAN, part, pass, rCnawan,Sax. to know.] 

Known. Craven. 

To KNAB, V. a. [Knappen, Belg. to take a 

short bite.] FemUng. 

To seize any thing hastily. Susses, Hants. 

To Knab the Rust, is to get the worst of a 

bargain ; to be worsted in any thing. 

Sussex.i Hants. 

KNABBLER, t. A person who talks much 

to little purpose. B. Sussex. 

[Knappen, Du. to bite ; to nibble at every 

thing, as a great talker may be said 

to do.] 

To KNACK, V, n, [Cnec. Brit, a toy.] 

To speak finely or affectedly. North, 

KNACKER, s, A saddler and harness-ma- 
ker. Norf. 8%^. 
A nick-name for a collier's horse. Gloue. 
A man who buys old worn oat horses in 
London. 
KNACKER'S-BRANDY, s. A sound stra- 
pado, given probably by a saddler with a 
piece of leather. Norf. 
KNACK-KNEES, t. [Cnacian, Sax. to 
knock.] Knees that from bending in- 
wards frequently knock together. Somierset. 
In Norfolk called knap-knees. 
KNAFF, s. [Naf. Sax.] A nave. * Craven. 
KNAGGY, ad). Full of knots. Bailej/, 

(Gnoffan, Sax. to gnaw.) 
To KNAGUE,e.a. To gnaw. Craven. 

KN£AF,«. [Knaef, Su. Goth.] The fist. 

Craven, 



96 



KNE. 



LAA. 



To KNEP, or KNIPE, v. a. [Koappen Beig:.] 
To bite easily. Cratgn. 

KNAP, «. [Cnap, Belg:. a protubeiance.] 
A risingf ground. Ghtte. Hants, 

To KN ARLB, v, a. To g^naw. Norih. 

KNIGHTLY, aei;. [Kuight, who was skil- 
ful io arms.] Active; skilful. North* 

KN1TTLE,«. l[To knit, to unite or draw 

KNETTLE, S close together, as *their hearU 

KNETTER. 3 were knit in one.' 

A string with which the mouth of a purse 

is ^tbered and closed. Ftnning. 

A string fastened to the mouth of a sack to 

tie it with. Hants Sussex, 

KNEE-HAPSED, part. pass. [See Nickled.] 

KNOBBLE-TREE, s. [Knob, a protuber- 
ance, and tree, wood. J The head, used in 
derision, as though it had no more brains 
in it than if it were made of wood. Norf, 

To KNOCK, V. n. To stir or to work brisk- 
ly ; to make a great stir, as things do when 
knocked together. Norf. 

KNODDEN, part, pass. Of to knead. Craoen. 
Quite as proper as ' Trodden' from ' tread,' 
.' Sodden' from ' seethe.*' 

KNOLL, s. The top of a hilL NoHh. 

KNOLLS, «. Turnips. Kent. 

To KNOLL, V, a. . [Knell.] To toU the 
bell for a funeral. Norf. Craven, 

KNOP.s. A washing-tub. North. 

KNOPPIT, «. [Knob.] A litUe clod or small 
lump of any thing. Norf. Suff, 

KNOR or KNURER, s. [Knor, Teut. a 
hard knot.] A short, stubbed, dwarfish 
man. South, 

KNOTLINS,s. The guts of a pig or calf, 
prepared for food by being tied in knots, 
and afterwards boiled. SomerseL 

KNOTTLED, part. pass. Stunted in growth ; 
from Knot, as a tree foil of knots seldom 
grows well. Hants. 

KNOW, «. Knowledge; as "Poor fellow, 
he has no Know about him." Norf. Suss. 

KNOW-NOTHING, ac(/. Utterly ignoranL 

Norf. 

KNUB, s. A knob. Norf. HanU. Sussex. 

To KNUCHER, v. n. To giggle or chatter. 
Surrey. 

To KNUTTER, v. n. A horse is said to 
Knutter in Hampshire, when it makes the 
noise which it does to greet another. So 
called clearly from the sound, and Kuucker 
has probably the same origin. 

KONY, adj. [Canny Sc] Fine. North. 

KNUBBLE, t. A tDoall knob. Norf. 

To KNUBBLE, v. a. To handle clumsily, 
using thumbs and knuckles as in kneading 
dough, as though the fingers were knobbed 
and without points. Norf. 

KROU9HEN, part, pass, [To Qouch.] 
Perched ; when birds perch they generally 
crouch also. Ctaten. 

KUSS, s. A kiss. North. 

KYE, s. [See Kie.] Cows. North. 

KYLLE, s. A kiln. f North. 

KYRST, t. [Hurst.] A wood. Oxford. 



I« 



LA AD, t. [Lade, Sax.^ (A load. Craven. 

iJLkV, t. [Laf. Sax.] A loaf. Craven. 

LABB, s. [Lapperen, Belg. to blab.] A 

Blab, one that cannot keep a secret. 

Exmoor. 

To LACE, V. a. [To lace a dress is \p give 

it an outer trimming. To trim a boy is 

to whip him.] 

To Beat. *< 111 lace your jacket for you." 

Sussex. Hants. Narf. 
To mix with spirits. Norf. 

Tea mixed with spirits is said to be 

*< Laced" in the North. 
[The two last meanings are from ** Lacer" 
Fr. * Entrelacer." To mix 01 entwine.] 
LACED-MUTTON, s. A prostitute, a bad 
woman with fine showy dress, as though 
a simple sheep were dressed out with 
lace. Norf. Suff. 

LACHES, 8. [Layche, Sc. a low place.] 
Boggy places. Craven. 

To LACK, u a. To dispraise, (as though 
it were wished to make the person dis- 
praised appear to '* Lack*' merit.) South. 

BaUey. Grose. 
LACONS or LOIKINS,«. [Leichen. Germ, 
to play.] Play-things or toys. Craven* 
Lacoo. 
LACKER, adj. To be wanting, (that is to 
be lacking) from home. Exmoor. 

LADDIE, s. [Led, Sax. a Lad.] A little 
boy. North. 

To LADE, V. a. [Ladle.] To throw out, 
to take water or any other liquid out of 
a vessel or a pond by means of a ladle or 
pail. Hants, Sussex, 

LADE- PAIL, s. [Lade and pail.] A wooden 
ladle with a long handle used for the pur- 
pose of taking liquids out of a tub, cistern, 
or pond. Somerset, 

LADES, 8. [Lade, Sax. a load.] The sides 
of a wagon or cart which project over the 
wheels for the purpose of making either 
hold a larger load. E. Sussex, 

LADE-SIIRIDES, s. [Lade, Shred. Shriden, 
Isl. to shred.] The sides of the wagon, 
which project over the wheels. Somerset, 
LADIES' SMOCK, s. Convolvulus sepiom. 
The bindweed of the hedges. Somerset. 
The cuckoo pint. Hants* 

LADY-COW, 8. The insect Coccinella sep- 
tem punctata. Someraetm 

Lady-Couch, Lady-Cow. North, 

Lady-Bird. Hants. Sussex. 

Lady-Bug. South. Grose. 

[It seems to take the name of lady from 
its beauty and being very generally ad- 
mired by all children. Bug and Bird we 
can understand ; but whence come Cow 
and Couch ? 
To LADLE, r. n. [Las d'aller, Fr. to walk, 
as if very tired.] To dawdle. Noif. Suff. 
LAD'S LOVE, *. [See BoyVlove.] 

Norf. S^f. 



LAF. 



LAN. 



97 



LAFTER, ». North, "iTolay. 
LA ITER, «.* Someraei, >Legh-tyd. Teu(. 

3 Laying time* 

The whole quantity of eggs which a hen 

lays previously to incubiBtiony ** She has 

laid out her laiter.'* Somerset, 

LAO, «. [Lagg. Sc] The narrow boards 

of a barrel. Craven. 

LAGGER, 8, A narrow strip of ground. 

Olou, 
LAiGARAG, t. [To Uifi, to be behind which 
brings a man to rags.] A lazy fellow. 

Norf. 8uff. 

LAID, part, pass. Just frozen, when the 

water may be said to be laid at rest. Norf, 

Grose, 

Com beaten down by rain. E. Sussex, 

LA IDLY, ac^'. [Laid, Fr. ugly.] Ugly, 

loathsome, foul. ^ North, 

LAIER, s. Soil ; dung ; probably because it 

is laid on the land. Essex, 8uf, 

LAIRLY, s, A disagreeable person. North, 

To LAIT, v,a. To seek any thing hidden. 

North, 

To LAITCH, V. n. [Leichen, Germ, to 

play.] To be idle. North. 

LAITCHETY, adj. Idle, careless, slatternly. 

Hants, 
LAITHE or LATHE, t. A barn, Chaucer, 

Skinner derives it from Lade, a load. 
To LAKE, V. n. [Laikan, Sax.] To play. 

North, 

To be costive. North, 

LAKE-WAKE, s. The act of watching a 

dead body. North. 

LALDRUM, s, [Forby asks. May it be 

LoU-droue?] An egregious simpleton. 

Norf, Suf, 

To LALL, V, n. [To Loll.] To lounge, to 

loiter. Norf. Suff, 

LALL, s, A lounger, implying silliness at the 

same time. Norf, Suff. 

To LAM, V, a, [Lamen, Belg.] To beat. 

Norf, North, 

LAMIGER, adj. [Lam. Lama. Sax. lame, 

crippled.] Somerset 

LAMB-PIE, s. A ludicrous term for beating 

from to Lam. Norf, 

LAMPS*D, part. pass. [See Lamiger,] Lamed, 

hurt. Exmoor, 

LAMB-STORMS, s. Stormy weather near 

the vernal equinox, often hurtful to the 

newly-yeaned lambs. Norf, 

LAMB-8UCKUNGS, s, [Being food for 

young lambs.] Flowers of clover. 

Cratfen. 

LAMB'S TONGUE, s. [Probably from the 

shape of the leaf or because lambs eat it.] 

The plantago lanceolata. Rib giass, the 

leaves being ribbed. W, Sussex, Hants. 

To LAMMOCK, v, n. To lounge about with 

such excess of laziness as though actually 

lame. Norf, Suff, 

LAMPER-EEU s. The Lamprey. Norf. Svff. 

[The Lamprey somewhat resembles an 

eeJ.] 



LAKD, s, A division in ploughing. North. 

Grose, 
A portion of a field, consisting of as many 
ridges, as can conveniently be sown, or 
as the nature of the land will admit of; 
having an open furrow between to carry 
od the water. In wet soils ten ridges 
constitute a land, while in drier ones they 
reach as high as thirty two ; each two 
ridges are called a tarn, as the plough 
must turn once to form them ; thus a ten- 
ridge land is called a five-turn land ; a 
thirty two ridge one, a sixteen-turn land 
and so on. W, Sussex, Hants, 

LAND or LANT, s. Urine. Lane. 

To " Lant or Leint Ale," is to put urine 
into it to make it strong. North. 

[HIann, Ang. Sax. a lotion, Hland. M,} 
LAND-LOPER,«. [Land and Loopen, Belg.] 
A vagabond. Bailey, 

LAND-LUBBER, s, A word ased by sailors 
in ridicule of one, who, having spent the 
chief part of his time on laud, of course 
cannot know much of sea affairs. 
LANp.MEND, s. The act of levelling ground 
with a shovel after wheat has been sown ; 
the land of course being mended or im- 
proved thereby. Glouc. 
LAND-WHIN, i. On onus spinosa, Linn, 
the rest-harrow ; so called from spread- 
ing very thickly over the land. Norf, Suff, 
LANEIN, s. [Leanne, Ang. Sax.] Secrecy. 
** They will give no Lanein." North, 
LANG, cuy, [Langan, Isl.] Long. North, 
LANG, adJ, [Gelangen, Sax. to long for.] 
Desirous. North, 
LANG, adv. [Gelang, Sax.] Owing to. North. 
To LANQLE, v,n. [Lang, being long in 
going.] To sa un ter s lo w ly . Norf, Suff, 
LANGI^^, part, pass, [Langle, L. Sc. is a 
tether ; a tether makes it difficult to move 
quickly.] Having the legs coupled to- 
gether at a small distance. North. 
LANG-AVIZZED, atlf, [Lang, long, and 
visage.] Long-faced. North, 
LANG.SETTLE, s, [Lang and Setel, Sax.] 
A long oaken chair, resembling a sofa. A 
long bench. North, 
LANGOT, «. [Perhaps Lang and GuU] The 
strap of a shoe. North, 
LANG-STREAKED, part, pass, [Lang, and 
Strecan, Sax. to stretch.] Stretched at 
full length. Craven, 
LANNER, LANYER,«. The lash of a whip, 
Chaucer has Lainere. It is the leathern 
lash without the whip-cord. [Laniere, 
Fr. a thong.] Norf, Suff, 
In a ship a Lanniard is a small rope. 
To LANT, V. a, [Lank ; to make lank or 
thin ] To beggar. Craven, 
LANTORN, adv, [Lointain, Fr.] At a dis- 
tance. North, 
LANTHORN-PUFF, s. A hurry ; I am in a 
Lanlhorn-puff,that is, in such a hurry that 
I cannot even stop to puff out the Lan- 
thorn-light. , fVarwtch, 

N. 



98 



LAP. 



LAS. 



LAP, <. [Lappen, Belg. to lap.] A con- 
temptuous name for a thin, poor, weak 
liquidy as being only fit for cats or dogs to 
lap. ^ctf' Suss, Hants. 

•' CaUlap." HatUs. Sussex. 

To LAP, V. a. To wrap up. fFarwkk. 

[To lap, to fold over.] Lap it up in your 
handkerchief. 
LAP-EARED, adj. [To lap, to fold over.] 
Having ears that bang down loose and 
flabby instead of standing erect, generally 
said of a horse. Sussex, Hants. 

LAP-S1DED> adj. Deformed on one side, 
as thbugh one part lapped over another ; 
so says Forby. Nor/. 

We have the word in Sussex and Hamp- 
shire; I think it is from Loppe, Teut. 
to Loby to move clumsily and awkwardly, 
in a rolling kind of way as a clown does ; 
whence comes to Lop, whicli means to 
walk as a person doe^ who has one leg 
shorter than another. 
To LAPE, V. n* [Loppe, Teut. See Lap- 
sided.] To walk awkwardly. North. 
** Laping about*' standing about, idly and 
listlessly. E. Sussex. 
To LAP-UP, V, a. To give up ; to relinquish. 

Craren. 
LARE, s. [Loeran, Sax. to learn.] Lore; 
learning; knowledge. North. 

LARE, s. A quagmire. North. 

[Is this from Lay, Layer^ a man in a quag- 
mire being laid up.] 
LA RE-FATHER, s. [Lare, knowledge, and 
Father.] A school-master ; instructor. 

North. 
LARGESS, s. [Largesse, Fr. a gift.] A 
gift to reapers in harvest time. When re- 
ceived, the reapers shout thrice Largess ! 
Laigess ! Essex. Suff. Norf. 

LARKS-LEERS, s. [Urks'-lairs.] Arable 
laud not in use, much frequented by Larks. 
Any land poor and bare of grass, only fit 
for larks to build their nests in. 

Somerset. 
To LARRUP, V. a. [Jenning has Lirrop, 
and considers it a corruption of Lee-rope, 
sailors using a rope's end to coirect boys 
with. Forby gives Larrian. Ang. Sax. 
to touch a thing softly. It may be lay- 
rope ; sailors say to boys, 1 will lay this 
rope about your back.] To beat. Norf, 

Sussex, Hants, 
LART; LAWT, s, [Corruption of Lofk, 
aloft.] The floor; always applied to wooden 
floors, which are up -stairs. Somerset. 

t^AS-CHA RGEABLE, interj. [Last charge- 
able, that is, he, who last strikes or speaks 
in contention, is most blameable.] Be 
quiet. Somerset. 

LASH; LASUY, adj. [Lache, Fr. Loose.] 
Soft and watery as applied to fruits, which 
ought to be juicy, indeed, but full of 
flavour. Aorf. Forby. 

Very wet, as, cold, lashy, weather. Norf. 

Grose. 



LASIl-EGG, s. [An egg without a full- 
formed abeU, covered only with a tough 
film, Norf. Grose. 

LASHING, 9. A combing. Craven. 

[The hair being made smooth and straight 
like a Lash.] 
To LASH-OUT, r. n. To kick. Craven. 
To kick out violently and spitefully ; ap- 
plied to a horse; as the thong of a whip 
does when a lashing is going on. Sussex. 

Hants. 
LASS, s. A girl or young woman. North. 
LASTER; LAWTER, s. See Lafter. Laster 
may be from Last, the last eggs being laid 
before the hen sits. Lawter may be from 
Litter, the whole number of young pro- 
duced at one time.] 
Thirteen eggs to set a hen. North. 

In Sussex and Hampshire it is considered 
very unlucky to set a hen on an even 
number of eggs, hence thirteen is a very 
favourite number. 
LASTER ; LAWTER, f. The coming in of 
the tide. North. 

I4AT, s, [Latta, Sax.] A lath. Somerset, 

Ches, Hcmls. Stus. 

To LATCH, v,a. [Light, Belg. to light on.] 

To catch what falls. Norf. 

Shakespeare uses Latch in the sense of 

fastening or closing ; *' Hast thou latch*d 

the Athenian's eyes with love juice ?" 

To LATCH, V. n. [Licht. Belg. to alight.] 

To alight, as, ** He always latches on his 

legs." Norf, 

To LATCH-ON, v, a. To put more water 

on the mash when the first wort has run 

off ; that is to let more water alight on it. 

Norf, 

LATCHING, adj. Catching, infecting. iiaUey. 

LATCH-PAN, s. *A dripping pan, on which 

the dripping from a roasting joint latches 

or lights. Norf, 

LATCUETY, a<^'. [Utch, which is loose 

and pliant.] Loose, not well fastened. 

Hants, 
LATE, adj. Slow ; one that is slow being 
generally late. North, 

To LATE, V, a. [Ladian, Ang. Sax. to call] 
To seek. Craven. 

LATH, a4i. [Late.] Slow, tedious. North. 
LATH, s. A Latch. [Letse, Belg.] North. 
LATHE, f. A barn. [Lade, Sax. burthen.] 

North. 

LATHE, f. Ease or rest. North, 

[Lithe, Sax. limber, what is pliant is at 

ease compared to what is stretched.] 

LATHING, $. Entreaty, invitation. North, 

LATHED and OVER-BE- LATH ED, part, 

pass. Strongly pressed, or entreated over 

and over. North. 

LATHER, f. [A common change.] A 

ladder. fVarunt^, 

LAT11AT, s, A noise ; scolding. Somerset. 

LATTIN, s. [Lay and Tin.] Iron plates 

covered witli tin. Somerset, Norf, 

LATTiN, 04/. Made of Latlin. Somerset, 



LAT. 



LAY. 



99 



LATTER, 8. [Lachter, Sc. Liggfan, Sax. 
to lay.] The number of egf^i a hen lays 
before she begins to sit. [See Liafller.] 

Hanl8, Norf. 

LAUGH-AND-LAY-DOWN, *. A game at 
cards played thus in Hampshire : each 
player has six cards and six are dealt on 
the' table; each in his turn endeavours to 
make a pair or fifteen, with two cards either 
in his own hand or with one in his hand 
and one on the table, whoever plays out 
all his cards firsts with these combinations 
wins the game ; when a player can no 
longer make a combination he lays down 
his remaining card or cards and is ironi- 
cally said to " Laugh-and-Lay-Down." 
In Norfolk the winner is said to " Laugh- 
and-Lay-Down." The game is played in 
Somerset. From the combinations con- 
sisting of " Pairs and Fifteens," the game 
is known by this name in Hampshire. 

To LAUNCH, 8. [Lancer, Fr. to throw, to 
dart.] To take long strides. Norf, 

To '* Launch-out/' means to live expen- 
sively. 8u88ex, Hctnf8, 

LAUNDER, 8, [Corrupted from Lavo, Lat ] 
A channel cut in stone for the flow of 
water. Craven, 

To LAVE, V. a. [Lavo. Lat. to wash.] To 
throw water from one place to another. 

Somerset, Hants, 

LAVE, s. [To leave.] The remainder, the' 
part left. Cumb* 

LAVROCK^ t. [Laverk, Ang. Sax.] A 
Lark. North, 

LAWFUL, OH! LAWFUL CASE! tii/^r/. 

Derby, 

LA V ANTS, t. [Lavo. Lat. to wash.] Land 
springs, which break out on the Downs. 

Hants, fV, Sussex, 

LAUKERINS, hUerj, An expression of some 
little surprise or disgust. North. 

To LAWM, 9. n. To swoon. Grose, 

LAWN, s, [Lawn, Brit] An open space 
in the midst of a wood. North, 

LAWND, s, [Lande, Fr. a level of grass 
land; literally, land without any incum- 
brance of trees or bushes] A Lawn. 

Norf, Suf, 

LAYER, «. A slice from the breast of a 
fowl. Craven, 

LAY, 8, [Perhaps from Lake.] A very 
large pond. Norf. 

LAY-LAND, s. [Leag, Sax. Lay, a field.] 

Fallow ; unploughed land. Bailey. 

Afield of clover which has been mown, 

is called a Clover-Lay in Hampshire. 
A coarse old pasture is called ^* A Lay,*' in 
SuflTolk. 

LAYE, t. [Lecht, Sax. light.] The flame 
of a fire. Ntnih, In E. Sussex, the word 
" Late," is used in the same sense. 

To LAY, 9. n* To intend ; to lay a plan ; as 
" I lay to plough for turnips to-morrow." 

Norf, S^ff, 

LAYER OF WIND, t. [The wind being 



laid.] A dead calm, in which the miller 

cannot grind. Norf. 

LAYER-OVER, s. A gentle term for some 

instrument of chastisement. Norf. 

To LAZE, ». n. [Lazy.] To be lazy. Norf, 

LA^Y, 8, A vagabond, a wicked fellow. 

NoHh. 
LAZY, adj. Naughty, bad. North. 

LEA, 8. [Perhaps a Lay or Layer, so many 
threads being necessary to form a yam.] 
Forty threads of hemp-yarn. Norf, Suff, 
LEA, 8. A scythe. North, 

LE-ACH, 8, Hard work which causes Le- 
ache or the Ache in the workmen's joints ; 
frequently used by miners. North, 

To LEAD, v,a. [Lade, Sax. a load.] To 
carry com or hay. North. 

LEADDEN ; LIDDEN, s. [Hlud, Sax. loud 
and Din.] A noise or din. North. 

To LEAK, V. n. [Leichen, Germ, to play.] 
To plav like children. North, 

To LEAN, 9. a. To conceal. North, BaUey, 
[k person who wishes to conceal another's 
faults, may be said to " lean" towards 
him. A shed, which " leans" against 
a larger building, *' conceals" so much 
of the building.] 
LEAN-TO, 8. A pent-house or shed attached 
to i^nother building, the roof leaning 
against it. E, Sussex. Norf, 

LEAP, 8. A large deep basket; a chaff- 
basket. North. 
LEAP or LIB, s. Half-a-bushel. Sussex. 
A basket for carrying seed-corn is called 
a Lib in Essex. A wooden utensil made 
concave on one side to fit the body with 
a strap to go over the left shoulder, in 
which the seed com is put for the con- 
venience of sowing is called a " Seed- 
Leap or Lip** in Hampshire. In Somer- 
setshire the word '* Lip or Lipper,'* is a 
general term for several containing ves- 
sels, as, '* Bee-lipper, Lie-lip, Seed- 
Lip." In an act of Wm. and Mary, the 
word '* Leap" is used to signify a net- 
engine, or basket for taking fish. In 
Jacob's Law Dictionary I find the word 
"Lepa," a measure containing one third 
of two bushels; and this I take to be the 
root of all the words here quoted. 
To LEAR, V. n. [Leornan, Sax.] To learn. 

North. 
To LEAR, V. a. To teach. <' Hast thou 

not learned me how ?" Shaks, Norf. 

To LEAR, V. n. [To leer signifies to look 

sideways, anything that leans against 

another, is out of a perpendicular.] To 

lean. North. BaSey. 

To LEASE or LEEZE, v. n. [Lesen, Belg. 

Fenning.] To glean com. Hants. West. 
LEASING, «. The act of picking up the 

com left by the reapers. West. Glou. 

LEASE, 8, [Leas, Sax.] A cow-lease, a 

cow-pasture. fVest. 

A piece of pasture, capable of keeping a 
certain number of cows, the right of 



100 



LEA. 



LEE. 



feeding wliich belongs to different indi- 
viduals is said to contain as many leases, 
as there are cows allowed to be depas- 
tured; the man who has the right of 
sending two is said to have two leases, 
and so the others accordingly. 

W. Sussex, Hcmts, 
LEASTY, aty, [See Lash.] Dull, wet, dirty. 

Norf. 
LICASTWAYS, • odr. At least, leastwise. 

Norf. 

By no means improper as I think, the 

strict meaning of otherwise is surely 

" otherways'^ and so of other words end* 

ing in ** wise." 

To LEAT, V, n. [A corruption.] To leak. 

Somerset. 
LEAT, 3. A leak. DUto. 

LEATH, 8. [See Lathe.] A bam. North. 
LEATH,«. [Lettan. Sa^. To let or hin- 
der.] Ceasing; intermission; no Leath 
of pain ; pain without anything to pre- 
vent or binder it. North, 
To LEATHER, «. a. [A leathern strap being 
sometimes used for the purpose.] 
To beat. yery common. 
LEATHERN-MOUSE, s. [Its wings some- 
what resembling feather.] A bat. Som. 
LEATHER-HEAD, ». [A blockhead.] North. 
LEATHEWAKE, adj. [Litha, Goth, a limb 
and Wace ; pliable. Craven Dialect.] 
Supple in the joints. Craven. 
LEAVE, 8. The first offer. North. 
[Being left to such a one to take or not.] 
LEAVE-HOD, [Leave-hold.] Let me go. 

Craven. 
LEAVE-TAIL, s. A great want of or de- 
mand for any thing. North. 
To LECk, V. n. [Laken, Belg.] To leak. Nt. 
To LECK-ON, V. a. To put water on malt. 

North. 
LECTION, a4;. Likely; piobable. ** 'Tis 
'lection to rain." Norf. Suf. 

LEDDER, *. [Hlsedre, Sax.] A ladder. 

Craven. 
Thus Ledder is better than Ladder, but 
literally perhaps it should be Leader ; 
something to lead a person up to a higher 
spot than the one be is on. 
LEDDY, 8. Lady. North. 

LEDGE, «. [Leggan, Sax. to lay.} North. 
A bar of a gate, stile, or chair. Norf. 

The cross pieces of a common door are 
called the " Ledgers," and a door made of 
three or four upright boards, fastened by 
some cross pieces, is called a Ledger- 
door. Sussex. 
LEE, *. [Leogan, Sax. a lie.] North. 
«« Lee with a latchet," is a very great and 
barefaced lie ; not merely a simple lie, hot 
one with appendages to it. 

« Ihat's a lie with a Latchet, 

All the dogf in the town cannot match it*' 

Ray's Paov. 

LED-WILL,*. [More properly Will-Led, 
being led astray by a Will o'th' Wisp, or 



any other illusion*] One led away or be- 
wildered by following false appearances. 

Vorf. 
LEECH-WAY, «. The path in which the 
dead are carried to be buried. Sxmoor. 
LE-EGGING, a4;. Waddling. North. 

To LEEM, V. a. To furnish the rock of the 
spinning-wheel with line. North, 

To free nuts from their husks. D&to. 

LEEN Y, cuy. [Is it from Lean ? Lean peo- 
ple are active as compared with fat ones.] 
Alert ; active. Grose. 

LEER, adj. [Leer, Germ, empty.] 
Empty ; " a lear wagon ;" a '* leer sto- 
mach.*' fVUts. Hants. Somerset* 
LEERY, Empty. Dorset. 
LEER, 8. The flank, that part being thin 
and empty as to flesh. Somerset, 
LEER, s. A barn ; a hollow empty place 
until filled with corn. North, 
LEERS, 8, Stubble land, that is, land that is 
empty, being deprived of the crop. Som, 
LEER, 8. Ground ; ** rich Leer" is good 
ground for feeding or fattening sheep. A 
piece of ground may offer good feed for 
sheep, from having been ''leer" orenspty 
for some time. BoMey. 
LEES, 8. [Lea from Ley, Sax. unploughed 
land.] A common. Kent. 
LEET,«. [L«tan, Sax. to let; to permit.] 
A three or four way Leet; a place where 
three or four ways meet, where people 
may be let out. South. 
To LEET, V. n. [Let it.] To fall out ; to 
happen. Craven. 
To LEET, V. n. [Licht, Belg. to light on.] 

To alight. Craven* 

To LEETEN, o, n. [Lset. Isl. to dissemble.] 
To pretend. Craven, 

To LEET-ON, v. n. [To light on.]^, 

To meet with. Ditto. 

LEETSOME, adj. [Lightsome.] 

Light ; comfortable. Ditto. 

LEETSOMER, comp. deg. More leetsome. 

Craven, 
LEEVE, adv. [Leof, Sax. lief.] 

Willingly. NoHh South. 

LEG, 8. [Lseug, Sax. behind.] A term used 

by boys at marbles, signifying the boy 

who commences the game last. W, Suss, 

LEGGEREN,«. [Legen, Sax. to lay.] A 

layer. North. 

LEGGET, 8. A tool used by reed-thatcbers 

(Perhaps used to lay the reeds.) Norf, 

LEGGINS, 8. (Leg ; being used to cover the 

leg;) a leathern spatterdash worn to cover 

the leg, eitlier long, to wear with shoes, or 

shorter ones for half- boots. Suss, Hcmts, 

LEISTER, 8. [Luistra, Ang. Sax.] 

A prong or trident to strike fish with. 

Craven, 
LEITS, 8. [Elite, Fr. chosen.] Nomination 
to offices in election. Grose; quoted 
from Archbishop Spotswood*s History. 
7bL£N,v. a. [Lsnan, Sax.] To lend. 

Craven. 



LEN. 



LIF. 



101 



LENT, s, A loan ; the use of any thing 
borrowed ; *' I thank you for the lent of 
your boree." Somerset, E, Swsex, 

To LEP, V. a. [Laeppe, Sax. a lap.] 

To fold up NoHh, 

LGP, LEPE, f. [Lflep, Ang. Sax. a basket.] 

A large deep basket. ^orf. 

(See leap.) 

To LEHCli, V. a. [To Lurch.] Fenning. 

To sharp or trick out of. North. 

LESTAL, adj. Saleable ; weighty. North. 

LETCH, or LECH, [See to Latch.] A 

Yesael for holding ashes for the process of 

making lye for washing a Buck. South. 

Grose.' 
Lie*Latch. Norf. Lie-Lip. Somerset. 
LET-GAME. 3. [To Let, to hinder; and 
Game.] One who hinders or prevents 

Eleasure. BaUey. 

ET-LEET, V. a. [To let ; to permit or 
allow ; and Lecht. Sai. liglit J 
To let in light. Craven. 

To shoot. Ditto. 

To LEVEL, V. a. To assess ; assessments 
being considered as made in " level" or 
equal proportion to the different properties 
assessed. Nor/. Suff. 

LEW, or LEWTH, t. [Lee.] 

Shelter ; defence from storms or wind. 
LEWj adj. Sheltered. Somerset. Keni. 

E. Siissex* 
LEWER ; LOWER, s. [Corruption.] 

A lever. Norf. Suff. 

L£Y-BRECK,«. [Leag, Sax. a ley or lay, 
a field, and Brecan, Sax. to break.] 
Sward once ploughed up. Craven. 

LEY-LANDS, s. Lands in a common field 
laid down to grass. North. 

(See Lay.) 
To LIB, V, a. [Lubben, Belg.] 

To castrate. North. 

LIBBER, 8. A sow gelder. Ditto. 

LIBBIT, t. A piece ; a tatter. Somerset* 

LIBBET, «. A great cudgel, used to knock 
down fruit from the trees, and formerly to 
throw at cocks. ^Kent. E. Sussex, 

To LICK, V. a. To beat. North. South. 

LICK, s. A blow. North. South. Fenning. 

[T^egga, Su. Goth, to strike.] 
LICK- PAN, t. A fawning sycophant; a 
toad-eater. Hants. 

A cat or dog is content to have the licking 
of the pots and pans ; so a mean de- 
pendent will put up with any degrading 
treatment from a superior. 
To LICKEN, 9. n. [Lick, Sax. like.] To 
appear or pretend to be. Craven. 

LICKLY, cuij. Likely. DUto. 

LICK-SPITTLE, s. A mean parasite ; one 
who will stoop to any dirty work. Craven. 
LICK-UP, s. A miserably small pittance, as 
if it were no more than a cat could lick up 
with her tongue. Noif. 

LID DEN, «. A story ; a song. Somerset. 

(Ley, 8c. a lay or song.) 
LIDS ; LYDS^ f. [Lyden, Ang. Sax.] 



A way ; manner. North. 

** Thus lids, that lids /^ in this manner or 

that manner. North* 

LIFT, s. Assistance. ^* Give me a lift/' that 

is, help me to lift this weight, which is 

too heavy for me alone. York. Hants. 

Sussex, 

LIFT, s. A sort of stile or g^te, which, not 

being fixed on hinges, must be lifted and 

moved away to make room to pass 

ib rough. Norf. Suff, 

To LIG, r. n. [Liggen, Sax. to lie.] 

To lie down. Craven. 

To LI6-A-LAME, e. a. To maim ; to make 

a leg lame. Craven. 

To LIG, V, a. ILiggen, Sax.] To lay out. 

Craven* 
UGGER, s, A line with a, float and bait for 
catching pike, thrown into the water* 
and allowed to lie there some time before 
it is examined. Norf. 

A line used in this way, and generally left 
in the water all night, one end being 
fastened to a tree on the bank is called ft 
Lay-Line. Hants, Skasex, 

To LIG-TO'T, V. a. To exert one's-self, that 
is to lie or stick to a a job with ail one's 
diligence. Craven. 

UGHTS, s. [Being remarkably light for 
their bulk.] The lungs. Somerset. Norf, 
Always applied to the lungs of beasts, and 
not of men. Hdntsi Sussex, 

LIGHTING-SrOCK, t. [To light or alight- 
on, and Stock, a thick body.] 
A horse block, being a graduated piece of 
wood or stone, made for the convenience 
of mounting on, or dismounting from, a 
horse. Somerset. 

LIKE, atlj. Resembling; after the manner 
of, as*" she was in a passion, like." Norf, 

Suff, 
*^ All melancholy like ;" seeming in a me- 
lancholy mood. Sussex, Hants. 
^* You were like to do such a thing," i. e* 
you seem to be trying to do it. Sussex, 

Hants, 
LIKE, s. Occasion ; opportunity. Oaten. 
LIKEIN, t. Appearance ; condition. Craven. 

[Lie. Sax. like, resembling.] 
To LIKE, V. n. [Licigian, Sax. to approve 
of.] To want to do a thing. North, 

LIKING, f. Approval; trial. A servant 
^oes to a master without any regular hir* 
mg, and is then said to be on " liking.*' 
Fenning has the word, and quotes Dryden* 
It is used in Hants and Sussex. 
L1LE, a4i. Little. iforth. 

To LILL, V, a, [LuUen, Belg. to lull.] 

To assuage pain. Craven. 

LILLY-LAW, s, A bright flame. Craven, 

To LILT, V, [Probably corrupted from Lift.] 

To rise in the gait oi song. Craven. 

LIMB, s. [See Forby's remarks on it.] 

A determined sensualist. Norf, 

(May a sensualist be called a Limb, as in- 

ilulging the limbs being part of the bod^p 



102 



LIN. 



LIP. 



diatinguished from the mind or intellec- 

taal part of a man !) 

LIMBERS, UMM£RS,«. [Lim, IsK a branch 

of a tree. Craven Dialect. Or from Limb, 

uied in the aame sense that Arm very fre* 

quently is.] 

The shafts of a waggon, cart, &c. Somenel. 

LIMMGUS, adj. [Limber; flexible ; a base 

person is called loose.] Base; mean; 

low. North. 

LIMMOCK, adj. Limp ; very limp. Norf, 

LIMP, UMPSV,a((/. [Limber.] Flaccid. 

Norf. 

Limp. Hanis, SuiSex. 

LIN, s, [Lind, Sax.] The lime-tree. Craven. 

LIN, 8, [Linum, Lat. flax.] Linen. DUlo, 

To IAS, V, n. [Ahlinnan, Sax. to stop.] 

To leave off; to cease. Bailey, 

LINCH, t. [Ahlinnan, Sax. to stop.] 

A ledge ; a rectangular projection. 8om» 

LINCH, «. A spot of raised ground. Dorset, 

LINCH, t, A hamlet, generally one the side 

of a hill. Gloue. 

LINE,f. [Linum, Lat.] Flax. North. 

To LINE, V, a. To beat ; a line being often 

used for the purpose ; in the same sense 

we use Leather, Stmp, and Ropes-end. 

Norf. Si(^. 
To LINE, 0. n. [Hlinan, Sax. to lean.] To 
incline towards or against something. 

Somerset, 

LING, 8. [Ling, Isl.] Heath ; hether. North. 

LING-COLUNS, [Ling and Koolen, Belg. 

to cool; Ling-coolings.] 

Burned heath. Cropen, 

LINGY, adj. |lingen, Belg.] 

Limber ; tall ; flexible. North. 

LINED, fnrt. pass. Drunk ; he is well lined; 
that is, he has plenty of liquor in him as 
a lining. Craven. 

LINK, f. A sausage, so called from the gut, 
when stuffed, being divided without 
being cut off at flrst into so many sausages, 
each of which may be said to form a link 
in the chain. Norf. 

Forby thinks a " Link of Sausaees," an ex- 
pression in some counties, better than 
the above. I must beg to differ from 
him, the whole gut is properly a ''chain," 
a single one a '* link" of that "chain.** 
A green or wooded bank on the side of a 
bill, between two pieces of cultivated 
laud. South Downs, Sussex. 

LINK.PlN,s. Alinch-pin. Norf. 

Foiby says why not as good as Linch-pin i 
My answer is this, Linch is from Ahlin- 
nan, Sax. to stop, according to Fenning ; 
a Linch-pin stops or prevents the wheel 
from falling off. 
LINN Y, t. [Hlinan, to lean, being generally 
attached to some other building, the same 
as Lean-to, which see.] 
An open shed, attached to bams, out- 
houses, &c. Somerset. 
' A pig-sty. Deoon, 
•LINTY,a((/. Idle. Wwrmkk. 



Is this from Hlinan, Sax. to lean ; idle 
people being very fond of lounging and 
leaning against some support. It is a 
common saying in East Sussex, when 
speaking of an idle, lazy fellow, he has 
been shouldering up such a place all 
day, tliat is, he has been leaning against it. 
(Lentus, Lat. slow.) 
LIP, «. [See leap.] 
LIPAEY, adj. [Perhaps Slippery.] 

Wet, rainy. Somerset, 

To LIPIN, v a. To forewarn. SoiUh. Qrose. 
[To Lip may imply to speak, as Lip-ser- 
vice IS service in words and not in deeds ; 
then to Li pin may mean to speak to a 
person, to forewarn him of some danger.] 
LIPPIN, V. n. To trust or rely upon. 

South. BaUey, 
LIPPEY, adj. [See Lipary.] Moist ; wet. 

West. 

TbLIPPEM, p. n. To guess; to expect; 

to depend on. Craven, 

(Laubian, Maes, Goth, to believe.] 

To LIRRUP,v. a, [Lee-Rope. See to Line.] 

To beat. Somerset, Hants, Sussex. 

LISHf f. [See Lash.] A pasture. Oxford. 

LISH,ae2/. [Lithe.] Active. NoHh. 

LISK, or LASK, t. [See Lists.] 

USSOME, adj. [Lithesome.] Pliant; 

supple. York. Somerset, E. Sussex. North. 

LISTLY, adj. [To list, listen.] Quick of 

hearing. Norf. 

LISTLY, adv. Easily; distinctly; [Listlessly 

without any exertion.] Norf, 

LISTS, s, [ Ystlys, Welch.] The flanks. 

North. 

To LIT, V. a. To colour or dye. North, 

[Is it from Light ? to give a new colour, that 

is, throw a new light on any thing.] 

To LITE, V, n, [To alighu] To depend on . 

North. 

To Lite on ; to wait. North. 

LITE,a<(/. [Little.] AfeworliUle. Ditto. 

UTii,ai]U* [Lithe.] Limber. Dkto, 

To LITHE, V. a. [To thicken liquids ; to 

lithe the pot, is to stir the meal in for 

a pudding. North, 

LITHY,a4;. Flexible. Hants. 

LITHE, acU, [Blithe, Sax.] Mild ; blithe. 

North. 
LITHER, a»y. Idle ; lazy ; slothful. Ditto. 
UTTEN, or LITEN,«. A garden. DUto, 
(Lietan, Sax.) A church-yard. Hants. Nt. 
LITTER, 8. Loose straw thrown into a farm- 
yard for the cattle to lie on, and tread 
into manure. Hants. Sussex. 

(Litter, a confused disorderly mass of any 
thing.) 
LITTLE-SILVER, s. A low price. Noff. Suff, 
LITTLEST, a4/. super, deg. Least. Somerset, 
LlTTOCKS,«. Rags and tatters. Berks. 
TbLTVER, «• a. [Leveren, Belg.] To 
deliver. Craven, 

To LIVE-UNDER, v,n. To be tenant to a 
landlord, as " I live under Lord A., or 
Squire B." Norf .Sussex. Bants. 



LOB. 



LOL. 



103 



LIZENED, adj. [Leueoed]. Lean; lank; 
shrunk *, applied to corn. South* Grae. 

LIVERSICK, «. [Sliver.] A piece of akin 
which splits up at the side of the nail. 

HanU, 

LIVERY, adj. Adhesive ; said of ground 
which ploughs up wet, and is consequent- 
ly stiff and shining, not very unlike slices 
of liver. B, Suuex, 

LOAN, LOIN, LONEIN, t. [Uen, Belg.] 
A kne. Craven, 

LOB, «. [Lubbed, Dan.] A heavy, dull, 
stupid person. Fewning' 

To LOB, V. n. To hang down or droop ; a 
stupid person generally hanging down his 
head. Somerset. 

To LOB, V. n. To kick. Norf. Si#. 

LOB, f. A very large marble, which is tossed 
or lobbed, not shot, HanU. 

To LOB, V, a. To toss gently, not to throw 
violently ; as to lob the ball at crioket 
means to bowl a very gentle ball. Hants, 

Sussex, 

To LOBALONG, v.n. To walk with a loung- 
ing gait, as a Lob does, HanUs. Sussess. 

LOBCOCK, LUBBOCK, «. [Lubbe, Isl. 
Forby. Rude ; uncultivated.] A Lout ; 
lubber. Noff. 

LOBLOLLY, t. Any odd mixture of spoon- 
meat. Water-gruel, ou board ship, is 
called Loblolly. Norf. 

LOBSTER, «. A stoat, (perhaps from being 
of a reddish colour.) Norf. 

LOBSTROUS-LOUSE, s. A wood louse. 

North. 

LOCAL, 8. A local preacher among the 
Methodists. Craven. 

(One who preaches at different places 
where no fixed preacher resides.) 

LOCKl tiK/. [Locan, Sax. to look.] An 
exclamation of surprise. Somenel, 

LOCK, f. DiflBculty ; embarrassment j as 
any thing under lock cannot easily be ex- 
tricated. Craven. 

LOCKER, <k(/. Entangled. DUto. 

LOCKER, 8. A cup-board. Diito. 

LOCKYZEE ! inij. [Look you see !] Look ! 
behold I Somerset. 

LOCK-O-DAISY ! in{i. [Alack.»day I] An 
exclamation expressive of sorrow, roost 
properly, and also of pleasure* Somerset. 

Hants, 

LOCK-SPIT, 8, [Lock, signifying confine^ 
roent, which a boundary line implies j 
Spit as much ground as a s^de will turn 
up at once. ][ A small cut with a spade to 
show the direction in which a piece of 
land is to he divided by a new fence. Norf, 

LOCK-FURROW, s. A furrow ploughed 
across the Warps or Lands, to let off the 
water. £. Susssx, 

In Hants, Water-furrows. 

LODE, «i [Lade, Sax. a discharging or purg- 
ing.] An artificial water-course In the 
fens of Norfolk are several Lodes to aid 
the drainage. Norf, Forby. 



LODE, «. A fond. GUms. 

To LODGE, 9. n. [Logian, Sax. to lodg^ ; 
figuratively, says Penning, to place, fix, 
or plant.] To alight or fall on any 
thing, so as to remain fixed there ; as my 
ball is lodged on the top of the wall, and 
I cannot get it down. Hants. 

LODGED, pari. pa88. Com, when beaten 
down by wind or rain, is said to be 
" lodged." > Hants. 

LOE, 8. A little round hill, or a great heap 
of stones. [Hleaw, Sax. a heap,] North. 
LOERT, 8. Lord. Peak of Derbyshire, Grose. 
I-OFF, adj\ Low. Exmoor, 

LOFFER, adj. Lower. Craven. 

To LOGGER, v. n. To shake, as a whe<*l 
which has been loosened and does not 
perform its motion correctly. Norf. 

(It may be from Ldg^rhead ; going to Log- 
gerheads, is sinking heada together 
roughly ) 
LOGGIN, 8. A truss of long straw. North, 
LOKE, 8. [Loc, Sax. a lock ; a fasten- 
ing ; a closing or shutting up.] A short 
narrow, turn-again lane. Norf. 

LOLLIPOP, 8. A coarse sweetmeat, made of 
treacle and brown sugar. Nf. HanU. Suss, 
To LOLLOP, V, n. [Loll, Isl. a slow step.] 
To lounge and saunter heavily. Craven. 

Norf. Hants. Sussex, 
To LOLLOP, V. a. To beat Sums. HanU. 
LOLL-POOP, 8. [Loll, lounge. Poop, the 
after part of a vessel.] A ilnggish, se- 
dentary lounger. Norf. Suf. 
LOLLY-SWEET, adj. Lusciously sweet, 
without any flavour to relieve the sweet- 
ness ; lulling as it were by its excessive 
sweetness, the appetite, or taste for the 
tbing. Norf Suf. 
LOM£Y,t. A spoiled child. Dtwn. 
To LOMPER, V. n. [Lompe, Belg, a lump.] 
To walk with a heavy motion. Cravem 
LOND, f. [Loud, Sax. land,] 

Land in the abstract. Norf. Suff, 

A division of an uninclosed field. iVbr/. Suff. 

A sub-division of hnd ,* a field is divided 

into furlongs; a furlong into Londs. 

To LOND, r. a. To clog with mire or dirt. 

Norf. Suff. 
LONE- WOMAN, t. An unmarried woman » 
living without a man to protect her. 

Norf, Suff. Shakespear. Hants, Sussex. 

To LONG, V. a. To forward any thing to a 

distance by passing it from one hand to 

another in succession. Norf, Suff, 

" Long it hither ,•"« reach it hither." Noeih. 

JA>tiG,adj, Great. "Along price.*' Nmf. 

„, . . Sussex. Hants* 

Tough, in opposition to short, as " short 

crust," is rich crust, friable. Norf. 

(These are all from I^ong, Sax. implying 

length.) '^^ * 

LONG-DOG, t. [Prom its make.] A grey- 
hound. Sussex. 
To LONG, V, n. To belong. Somerset. 
LONG, adj. Owing to. Craven. 



104 



LON. 



LOS. 



LONG, «. Fault ; contequence ; as it was 

**a\\ throogh Long otjou," that I lost that 

horse. Bailey. Hants. 

[These are from Belangen, Belg. to belong.] 

LONG. CRIPPLE, s. [Long and Crypan, 

Sax. to creep.] A viper. Bxmoor. 

LONGFULi adj. Long in regaril to time. 

NorL Somenel, 

LONG-IN-THE-MOUTH, adf. Tough ; re- 

quiring a long time to be masticated. 

North. 
LONG-LAWRENCE, t. [Long, slow ; Law- 
rence, the name, I suppose, of some noted 
sluggard formerly.] When a person is 
idle ** Long-Lawrence" is said to have got 
hold of him. E. Sutsex, Ciaven, 

LONKS, «. [Perhaps from Lank, supposing 
the sheep to be thin and long-legged, a 
foct I am not certain of.] Lancashire 
•beep. 
LONNING, adj. [Lomiti, Sclav.] Lame. 

NoHh. 

I^ONT-FIGS, g. Figs. Berki. Turkish Ags 

are called Lent figs in Hampshire. [Levant, 

they coming from that part.] 

LOOK, $. [Lock.] A small quantity. North. 

LOOM, #• Any tool or utensil. CAes. Bailey. 

LOOKER, «• A shepherd or herdsman, so 

called from being employed in looking 

after sheep and cattle. JS. Sussae. Kent. 

Romney Marsh. 

LOOP, s. [Loop-hole, an opening.] A 

pannel of rails with pales nailed to them 

so as to make a lifting gate, moveable at 

pleasure, to enable carts or wagons to pass 

through. South. Grose. Norf. 

A hinge of a door. North. 

LOOZE, s. A pig-stye. Exmoor. 

LOOVER, s. An of^ning for the smoke to 

go out at the roof of a house. Fennmg. 

[See Lover.] 

LOP, s. [Loppe, Ang. Sax.] A flea. North. 

Lincoln, 
fo, LOPE, V. n. [Loopen. Belg. to leap ] 
' To leap. North, Linooln. 

To LOPE, V. n. To take long strides, par- 
ticularly with long legs. Norf. Suf. 
To LOPPER, V. n. [Hlaup, Isl. coagula- 
tion.] To turn sour, and coagulate by too 
long standing. Norf. Suff. ^'Loppered 
milk" is curdled milk, sour milk. A 
^ Loppered slut" is a term also in the 
North. 
LOPPER-EARED, adj. [Lap, Lappet, some- 
thing that folds over.] Fkibby, loose, as 
a horse, with drooping ears, is said to be 
Lopper-eared. Craven, 
LORDS and LADIES, s. The flowering 
stems of the common arum of the hedges. 

Norf. 8uff, Hants. Sussex. 
So called, I presume, from the stately ap- 
pearance the blossom has by being par- 
tially inclosed and protected by the 
•heath ; so that the flower appears as 
though it were in a kind of state chair or 
caniag^. 



LOSSET, s. A large, flat, wooden dish, not 

much unlike a voider. North. 

LOUKING, adj. [To look, awkward persons 

generally looking and gaping about.] 

Gawky, awkward. North. 

LOUKING, pmi. act. [Loock, Gaelic] 

Weeding. Craven. 

LOUND, adj. Calm, out of the wind. North. 

To LOUP, V. n. [Loopen, Belg.J To leap. 

North. 
LOURDY, aty. [Lourd, Fr. heavy, lumpish.] 
Sluggish, GrosOf whom see. 
Slothful, sluggish ; Sussex according to 
Bailey, though 1 do not recollect ever 
having heard it. 
LOUSE, atjy. Loose, out of service, that is 
at liberty. Craven. 

LOUSE-ITH'HEFT, s. [Ix>ose in the Haft 
or handle.] A loose blade, a disorderly 
person. Craven. 

To LOUSTREE, v. n. [Lustigh, Belg. lusty, 
vigorous ; Lutter, Fr. to struggle.] To 
work hard. Exmoor. 

LOVER, s, [L*Ouverture, Fr. an opening.] 
A chimney, which was formerly only an 
aperture made in the roof. Craven. 

LOVESOME, adj. Amorous. North. 

LOW, LOWE, s. [Loge, Isl.] A flame. Craven. 
A lilly-lowe or ^llibleiz, a comfortable 
blaze. *' To make a Lowe," to stir the 
fire in order to make it blaze. fVest. 

To LOWEN, t;. n. To fall in price, to be- 
come lower. Norf, 
LOWER, s. A lever. Norf. 
LOWFS, s. [l^w.] Low grounds, adjoin- 
ing the Woulds. York. 
To LOWE, v. n. To flame. North. UaOey. 
To LOWE, v. a. To weed com. Yin*. 

[See Lowk.] 
LOWANCE, s. [Allow.] Portion. Somerset. 
Luncheon, what is allowed for that inter- 
mediate meal. E. Sussex. 
To LOWANCE, v. a. To set apart a certain 
ii: portion of food for a certain time, either 
to man or to inferior animals. E. Sussex. 
LOWING, part. act. Granting, allowing. 

Craven. 

To LOWK, V. a. [To look.] To weed corn, 

that is to look out for the weeds. North. 

LOWING, s. The act of piling up one thing 

on another. Exmoor. 

LOWLE-EAREO, adj. A " Lowle-eared pig*' 

is a thick, heavy-eaied pig. fVUls. 

To LOWLE, v. a. To carry a heavy weight 

in one's arms. Exmoor. 

She was lowling along a child, as big as 

herself. Middlesex. 

LOUN or LOON, s. [Loen, Belg.] A 

vulgar mstic ; a heavy stupid fellow. North. 

To LOWT, s. [Hlutan, Sax. Penning, to 

bend the body by way of obeisance.] To 

cringe or bow down the body. They were 

very low in their '* lowtings." North. 

LUCAM, s. [Lucarne, Fr. a dormer-window, 

Forby.] A wirdow in the roof of a house. 

Norf, 



LUC 



LUN. 



10$ 



lo E. Sussex they hare the word ** Luton/' 

a projection from a house, such as a bow- 

vindow, &c. 

LUCKS, s, [Locks.] Small portions of wool 

twisted on the finger of a spinner at the 

wheels or distaff. Narf, Suff. 

LUCKEN-BROWD, adj. Heavy-brow'd. 

Nort/i, 

LUFE, s. [Ouvrir, Fr, to open.] The open 

hand. North. 

LUG, 8. [Logfse, Belg. a Log, or Getuggian, 

Sax. to hale or drag.] A pole or perch 

measure; a long rod; any long pole; 

a heavy pole. Somerset. Ghuc. 

LUGS, «. The ears, because they may be 

pulled or lugged. North, South, 

To LUG, r. a. To pull violently; to pull 

any one by the ears. North. South. 

LUG-LAIN, s. Full measure, as though the 

lug were lain on the ground to measure it. 

Sofikcrtct 
LUGSOMC, adj. Heavy, either to be borne 
as a burthen, or, when applied to a road, 
causing a wearisome drag to cattle. Norf. 
In the same sense in Sunaex and Hants 
they say it- is a *' terrible lug." 
LUM, 8, [Perhaps from Gloom, Glommung, 
Sax.] A woody valley. North, 

LUM, s, A deep pool. North. 

LUMBER, s. Coarse, dirty, foolish talk, as 
useless and unprofitable as *' Lumber." 

Norf. SuJT. 

" To talk rubbish" means the same thing 

in Lincolnshire. 

LUMMOX, 8. [Lump.] A fat unwieldy 

person and very stupid into the bargain. 

Norf. 

[Forby derives it from Loam, as if made of 

heavy unctuous earth ; but Lumpish 

means decidedly heavy, gross.] 

To LUMP, V. a, [Lomper, Teut. to punish.] 

To drub with heavy blows. Norf. Hants. 

LUMPING,!. A heavy drubbing. Norf, 

Hants. 

To LUMPER, V, n. To stumble, as a lum- 

pering horse, clearly implying he is heavy 

and lumpish, and not active enough to 

stand on his legs. To move heavily. fVest. 

LUMPING, adj. Great, cumbersome. 

North, f'oulh. 

LUMPS, 8. Barn-floor bricks. Grose 

Bricks of the common length and breadth, 

but half as thick again and harder. Norf. 

Suff. 

Bricks much longer, harder, wider and 

thicker, than the common ones, used for 

fitting up fire-places in brewhouses or 

where a great fire is required, called also 

fire bricks. E, Susses* 

LUN, 1. [Lee, Lew, Lewed, or Lewen 

spot.] Cover or shelter. Ifes^ [See Lew.] 

To LUNGE, V. n. [Allonger, Fr. In fencing 

to make a push which of course implies 

leaning forward.] To lean forward, to 

throw one's whole weight on anything. 

Norf. Suff, Exmoor. 



" To Lunge a horse,''* is to hold him with 
a very long rope and drive him round a 
circle, the end of the rope bein^ the 
centre ; it is the first step in breaking a 
colt. Sussex. Hants. Kent, 

LUNGEOUS, aiV, Spiteful, mischievous, (per- 

, haps from the love such persons have of 

lunginjg at, or attemping to do others 

mischief.) Derby, Leicester, 

LUNG-SADDLE or SETTLE, t. [Long and 
Saddle, a seat, or Setol, Sax* a bench.] A 
long form with a back and arms, usually 
placed in the chimney corner of a farm- 
house. North* 
A similar seat, used in public-houses, is 
called a " Settle." Sussex. Hants. 

LUNT, adj. [I^entus, Lat. slow, Forby. I 
think rather from Blunt.] Short, crusty, 
surly in speech or manners. Norf, 

Suff. 

LURDANE, t. [See Loardy. Grove gives, 
from Dr. Heylin, " Lord-Dane" as the 
origin ; the Danes, during the time they 
were in England, having been very idle 
and very tyrannical. The author of the 
Craven dialect gives the same ] An idle 
fellow. Cropen, 

LURE, 8. A sore on the hoof of a cow, cured 
by cutting it cross- ways. H^esi* 

To LURE, V, n. [From an old term in Fal- 
conry, signifying the calling back a Hawk 
from his flight,] To make a loud and 
shrill cry. AJDf/. Bacon has the word, 
Foiby says. 

To LURRY, V. a. [Leure, Belg. vile mer* 
chandise.] To daub by rolling in the mire. 

Norf. 

To LURRY, V, n, " To Lurry over any 
thing,'' is to hurry over work in a careless 
slovenly way. It meaqs also to read very 
fast and indistinctly. Hants, Sussex. 

LURRY,s. A very quick, careless, indistinct 
mode of reading. Hanfs. Sussex. 

[Lire, Fr. to read ] 

LUSKISH. adj. Lazy. BaSey. 

LUSRlSHNEbS, s, Uziness. Ditto. 

To LUST, V. n. [To desire violently, to have 
a strong inclination towards anything.] 
To incline. ** This wall lusts on one side." 
A ship is said to *' lusi*' when she leans 
much on one side. Norf. Hants. Sussex. 

LUTHO', v.imp.tn. [Luggen, Belg. to look.] 
Look thou. Craxen, 

LUFHOBUT. Only look ; do but look. 

Craven. 

LUTON, i, [See Lucam ] E. Sussex. 

LYMPTWIGG, 8. [Limp and Wing, Uiis 
bird's wings being very quickly moved.] 
A lapwing. Exmoor, 

LYNCH ETT, s. [See Linch.] A green balk 
or interval to divide lands. South. 

LYRING and LACK, s. A gutter washed 
by the tide on the sea- shore. North, 

LYTHEE, interj. [Look thee.] " Lythee 
there now," ** Look thee there now." 
An exclamation of wonder. Gi-ose. 

o. 



i06 



MAA. 



MAK. 



M. 



MA AD, pari, pan. Made. Craten* 

. MAAKY, MAUKY, oeij. [Machtigh, Teot] 

Proud, apstart, maggoty. Craven. 

MAAR, at^f, More. Craven. 

MAB, «. A slattern. North. 

7b MAB» V. n. To drets in a careless, slat- 
ternly manner. North. 

MABBIERS, t. Chicken. Corn. 

MACAROON, t. A fop ; a word formerly 
representing the modern ** Dandy.** 

Norf'Syf. 

A fop iras formerly called a Macaroni. In 

a child's picture book many years ago, I 

remember the figure of a fop, with this 

line beneath it. 

•• M— A BfacaronI with load« of fUM hair.** 
Penning has the word "Macaronic/'*' 
[Macaronique, Fr.] 
MOCK. A confused heap j a huddle of several 

things tof^ether. 

MACE, t. [Mast. Fr.] Acorns. Somerset. 

In Hampshire the fruit of the beech-tree 

is called Mast or Beech^Mast, and when 

hogs are turned out into the woods in 

Autumn, to feed on it, they are said to be 

turned out to Mast. 

MACK, i. [Macan, Sax. to make.] Sort or 

species, as, What^Mack of corn or stork ? 

NoHh. 

To MACK-BOUD, v. n. [To Make and 

Baude, Belg. bold.] To venture ; to take 

the liberty to do anything. Craven. 

MACK-SHIFT, t. A make-shift; something 

done or used in a case of expediency. ' 

Craven. 
MACK-WEIGHT, t. A make-weight. A 
small candle, because put in to make up 
the proper weight. Craven. 

MAD, «. [Made, Germ* a worm.] An earth- 
worm. Euex, 
MADDER, 8. [Madredd, Welch, purulent 
matter.] Pus, the matter of a sore. Craven. 
7V> MADD(.E, r. n. [Mad.] To be fond 
of. .'' She roaddtes after that fellow ;" she 
is foolishly or madly fond of him ; to 
wander ; to forget. North. 
MADGETIN, i. [Madge, Margaret ] The 
Marearet apple. Norf. 
To MAG, v.n. [Magpie, Mag. abbr. of Mar- 
garet.] To chatter. Norf. Eetex, 
MAIN, adj. [Maegen, Sax. Magn, Isl. 
strength.] Most. '* The main part;" the 
^natest part. North. South. 
MAIN, 8. Might, strength ; with all his 
" might and main." ' North. South. 
That part of a Joint of meat which is the 
least dressed ; being generally in the 
thickest or main part. Notf. 
MAIN, adv. Very. ** Main good ;•* very 
good. Grose, 
MAIN, «. The chief, head ; as ''Madam's 
the main/' Madam is the ruler. Grcte. 
To MAINSWEAR, r. n. To swear falsely ; 
to perjure one's self. North. Bailey. 



MAIZ, 8. A kind of large, light, hay basket. 

Nofth. 
[A Maze is a place full of windings and 
twistings; so is basket-work.] 
MAIST-WHAT, adv. [Maist, Goth, most] 
Generally. Craven. 

MAKE, s. A match or equal. North. 

MAKE, 8, An instrument in husbandry, with 
a long handle, and a crooked iron at the 
end, chiefly used to cut up peas. Norf. 
Forby seems puzzled with it. 
In Hampshire a similar instrument is called 
a Hack-hook, and is used for the same 
purpose. In Norfolk they say " Make 
the peas ;" in Hants, " Hack the peas," 
Whether Make can by possibilitylbe cor- 
rupted from Hack, I cannot presume to 
say. To Make is a word in common 
use for expressing: the end of any woik; 
*• To make hay ;" « To make the bed ;" 
" To make the peas." Norf, 

MAKELESS, a4f. [So perfect, nothing can 
be made equal to it.] Matchless. North, 

BaUey, 

To MALAHACK, v. a. [Haccan, Sax. to 

Hack and Mai, Fr. bad.] To cut or carve 

in an awkward manner. Norf, 

MA LAN-TREE, i. The beam across an 

open chimney in front of which the mantle 

shelf is fixed. Norf. Suff. 

MALE-PILLION, t. [Malle, Fr. a posU 

man's bag of letters.] A stuffed leathern 

cushion to carry bagga|e upon a horse, 

behind a servant, attendmg his master on 

a journey. Norf, Suf» 

MALLS, 8. The measles. Exmoor. 

MALL, 8. [Malleus, Lat. a hammer ] A 

lartre two handed hammer. Hants. 

MAI^H, MALCH, adj, [Mollis. Lat. soft.] 

Mild. Craven. 

MANNERED, GOOD-MANNERED, pari. 

pass. A meadow that abounds in sweet 

grasses is said to be Good-mannered, or 

to liave a Good Manner, i. e. a good sort 

of grass, Hants, Sussex, 

MALTCUMBS, s. [Comb, Sax. comb.] 

Malt-dust; the sprouts and roots of malted 

barley which is separated by the screen. 

Norf. 
In Hants and Sussex " Combs." Bailey. 
To MAMBLE, v. a. [Mumble.] To eat 
anything with seeming indifference, as if 
from want of appetite or from disrelish of 
the food. Norf, St^f, 

MAMMOCKS, 8, Leavings; wasted frag- 
ments. Norf, S^. 
[Penning has Mammock, an offal or frag- 
ment of meat, and also to Mammock, to 
tear, to pull into pieces; hence I conceive 
its derivation is from " to Maim." 
To MANCH or MUNCH, v, is, [Manger; 
Fr. to eat.] To chew. Somerset. 
To M ANG, V. a. [Gemengan, Sax. to mingle.] 
To mix. Somerset, 
MANG, 8. A mash of bran or malt. 

NoHh. 



MAN. 



MAR. 



107 



MANG-HANGLE, adj. Miied in' a wild 

and confused manner. Somenet, 

To MANTLf , r. a. To embrace kindly ; to 

enfold in the arms as it were with a 

mantle. T^orth. 

MANY-FOLDS, t. The intestines, from 

having many folds. Craven. 

MANTEL-STONE, *. [Mantello, Ilal. a 

cloak.] The stone over the flre-place. 

Craven, 

MAR, «. [Alere, Sai. a pool.] A small 

lake. North. 

MARA-BALK, MERE-BALK, i.l Moera, 

MIRE-BALK, MERE, SAng.Sax. 

J the end.] 

A balk or narrow slip of land, unploughed, 

separating properties in a common tield. 

Norf. Suff, 
MARCH-BIRD, «. A frog. Norf. Sujr. 

[Frogs beginning to be vocal in March.] 
MARCH-PANE, t. A favourite delicacy in 
old times, being a rich cake made chiefly 
of almonds and sugar. [Pain, Fr. bread, 
but what is March ?] Nor/.Suf, 

MARDLE, 8, [Mardelle, Fr.the brim of a 
well, Forby. Perhaps Mere, Sax. a pool, 
and Oell, Dale.] A pond near the h^use, 
in the yard« on the neighbouring green, 
or by the road side^ convenient for water- 
ing cattle. Norf. 8uff, 
MAR£*S-FAT,i. Inula dysenterica, Linneus. 
elecampane ; flea-vane. Norf. 
MARE*S TAILS, s. Long, narrow, streaky 
clouds, irregularly floating below the 
general masa and of a darker colour, 
reckoned a strong indication of wet 
weather. Norf, Suuo9. Hanit. 
[See FiUy-Tails.] 
MARE'S TAIL, s. The plant^ hippuris 
vulgaris. Bottle-brush. HanU. 
MARE, ac^i' comp. deg. More. Ci'oven. 
M AREOWEK, adv. \ Moreover. 
MAREOWER-NER-THAT, ) Cranen. 
MARGENT, s. [Penning has Marge, Mar- 
gent, Maigin, Margo^ Lat. Maige, Fr.] 
A Margin. Norf. 8^f, 
MARL, t. A Marvel or wonder. Exmoor. 
[A corruption, arising from the common 
habit of abbreviating words, as much as 
possible. In £. Sussex, Barrel is pro- 
nounced ** Barl." 
MARLIN, t. The vulgar pronunciation of 
Maudlin or Magdalene, as '* Marlin Col- 
lege," *< Maudlin College.** Oxf. Grote. 
On St. Magdalen's hill, Winchester, a fair 
is annually held, which is vulgarly and 
generally called '* Morn-Hill Fair." 
MARROW, «. [Marren, Belg. to bind or 
link together.] A fellow or companion. 

£xmoor, 

MARROW, adj. Like ; equal ; ** These shoes 

are not marrows.'' Tbey are not fellows. 

North. 

MARRAM or MARREM, t. [Mare, Lat. 

ilie sea Arundo, aunaria j sea reed-grass. 

Noif. 



MARSHALSEA-MONEY, «. The County- 
rate, part of which, by Act 48 EUs. c.9, 
was made payable to prisoners in the Mar- 
shalsea. Norf. (See Forby.) 

MARTIN, FREE-MARTIN, t. [Free and 
Mart, market, being always free to be sent 
to market.] When a cow has tao calves, 
one of which is a male, and the other a 
female, the latter it is said will never 
breed, and is called a Free-Martin. York. 

E. Stusex. 

MARBLE-MAS, a. [Martin and Man, a fes- 
tival.] The feast of St. Martin. North. 

MARTLEMAS-BKEF, t. Beef dried in the 
chimney, like bacon | so called because 
it is usual to kill the beef for the purpose 
about the time of the feast of St. Martin, 
Nov. 1 1th. Ettex, Suff. 

MASK, 8. [Mac her, Fr. to beat into a con« 
fused mass.] Anything decayed or soft. 
Confusion. Craven. 

MASKERED, oc^'. Decayed. Craven. 

MASLIN, MASTLEGIN, i. [Misschen. 
Belg. Mesler, Fr. to mix.] Mixed com. 

Craeen. 

MASONTER, t. [Corruption.] A mason. 

fFarwkk, 

MASIIELSON, 8. [Meslin, from Mesler, Fr. 
to mix.] A mixture of wheat and rye. 

Or08e. 

MASTERFUL, MAIST£RFUL,a((/. Head- 
strong, imperious; that is determined to 
be master, or to have things one's own 
way. Craven. 

MATCHLY, adj. [Match and Lie. Sax. like.] 
Exactly alike ; fitting nicely. Norf. 

MATHER, [Come hither.] A word 
used by carters to their horses, when they 
wish them to come towards them, that is 
to the left or near side, being that on 
which they walk. Hant8. 

MAUF, 8, A brother in law. North. 

MAUK8, «• [Malk, Su. Goth.] MaggoU. 

North. 

M AUK IN, 8. A dirty, ragged, blouay 
wench. 
A Scare-crow ; a figure of shreds and patches. 

Norf. Suf. 
[See Mawks.] 

MAUL» 8. [Malk, Su. Goth.] A Beetle. 

NoHh. 

MAULS, t. [Malu, Sax. a mallow.] The 
plants Mallows. 

MAUL, 9. [Marl. Brit, marl, an unctuous 
earth.] A clayey or marly soil. 

MAULMY, oc^'. Clammy; adhesive, stick* 
ing to whatever comes in contact with it. 

Norf. !Sujr. 

To MAUM, V. a. To handle or smear about 
anything eatable. rar,\Gro8e. 

MAUM, o^'. Soft and mellow. North. 

MAUMY, adj. Soft and marly j applied to 
land. Hants. 

MAUND, 8. [Mand, Sax. a hand basket. 
Penning.] A hand-basket with two lids. 

North. 



108 



MAU. 



MEA. 



MAUNDFLX, a<V. A basket fnll. North, 
To MAUNDER, v. n. [Maudire, Fr. to 
gramble.] To ponder, or wander about 
in a thoughtful manner. North, 

Tu prowl about in a sullen, discontented, or 
melancholy manner. E. Sussex, 

MAUNDY, a4/. Abusive ; saucy. Glouc, 
MAUNDER, 8. [A Maunder of Macks; all 
manner of Makes ; manner being pro- 
nounced Mander, frequently, as in Sussex 
and more particularly in Somersetshire, 
where the expression ''All mander 
o*things," is common.] All sorts of 
things. North. 

MAUR, MORE, *. [Moror, Lat. to delay ; 
hence to Moor a vessel'is to make her fast ; 
and a root holds the plant fast in the 
ground.] A root. Glouc, 

Hence ** Mored" is rooted. Glouc, Grose. 
A *' Stool-more" in Hampshire, is the re- 
maining part of the tree with the roots, 
after a tree has been cut down. Its 
smooth surface gives it the appearance 
of a Stool or seat, and More is root. 
TV) MAISSE, V. n. [Muyssen, Belg. to 
muse.] To ponder upon ; to gaze at ; to 
admire. North, 

MAUTHER, a. [Moer, Dan. an unmarried 
girl.] A girl. Norf. 

MAVIS or MAVISH, *. The thrush. North, 
To MAW, r. a. [Mawan, Sax ] To mow. 

Somerset, 

MAWKIN, 8, A bunch of rags, usually 

wetted and attached to a pole, used to 

cleanse the oven. Somerset. 

MAWKS, 5. A slattern. North. 

[Meox, Sax. muck ; filth.] 
MAWSKIN, s. The maw of a calf, cleansed 
and salted, to form rennett for curd- 
ling milk. Norf. Suff. 
MAWiMENTS, *. [Mammet, a puppet or 
doll.] Trifles. Craven. 
MAY, S' The blossom of the white^ thorn, 
so called from its blooming in May. 

N 8. E. and fV. 
MAY-BOUGH, s. A branch of the white- 
thorn in full bloom. Sussex, Hants, 

MAY-BUG, s. The chaffer, which comes in 
May. E. Sussex. 

MAY-BUSH, *. The white thorn. Norf. 
MAY-FOOL, s. The same as April-Fool in 
other counties. Somerset. 

MAY-BE, adsf. Perhaps. Somerset Sussex. 
MAY-GAME, s, a frolic ; May having for- 
merly bieen ushered in with me^ry sports. 

Somerset. 

MAYING, *. To go to " Maying" is to go 

very early in the morning of the first of 

May into the fields or woods, and gather 

green boughs to decorate people's houses. 

E, Sussex, 

MAZED, part. pass. [Misnen, Helg. to 

wander or Mase, Sax. a whirlpool.] 

Amazed ; astonished. North. 

MAY-WEED, ^. The plant anthemis cotula. 

E, Sussex, 



MAZED, adj. Giddy, stupifled. North. 

MAZE, s. Astonishment. Sussex. Hants. 

MAZZAUDS, s. Black cherries. Glouc. 

MEAG or MEAK,s. [See Make.] An in- 
strument for cutting peas, brake, &c. Bailey. 
A pea-hook. Essex. 

MEAL, s, [MobI. Ang. Sax. a measure.] 
As much milk as is taken from a cow at 
one milking. Norf. North. Sussex. Hani*. 

MEALY-MOUTHED, adj. [Mealw, Sax. 
soft ] Bashful, Penning, Shy, very par- 
ticular and caaiious in speech. E. Sussesp. 

Hants. 

MEAUGH, s. A wife's brother or a sister's 
husband; a brother-in-law. North. 

MEANING, s. Intimation, hint, likelihood. 
I felt some little meaning of fever this 
morning; that is, felt a symptom, which 
means, 1 may expect to have a fever. 

Norf Suif. 

MEAN ED, part. pass. [Mo»nan, Sax. to 
moan.] I3emoaned. Craven. 

iMEASLED. par^. pass. Diseased. Norf, Suff . 

MEASLINGS, s. [Messelen, Belg.] The 
measles. Norf, Sujlf. 

MEAT-LIST, s. [Meat, and Lystan, Sax. to 
desire.] Appetite ; my ** Meat-list ;'* my 
desire for meat. fVest, 

MEAVERLEY, ae^. Mild ; gentle. Craven, 

MEATH, s. [Mcehte, Sax. might.] Power, 

, as " I give you the Meath of the buying ;*' 

i. e. full power to buy. Lincoln. Bailey. 

MEAZLES, s. Sows; swine, ff^est, Grose, 
(Are they so called, because they are sub- 
ject to the Measles ?) 

MEBBY, adv, [May be.] Probably. Craven. 

To MEDDLE and MAKE, v. n. To inter- 
fere ; to intrude one's self into another 
person's business* Norf. Sussex. Hants. 

MEEALIN, s. An oven-broom. North. 

MEALS, s, [Meal, ground corn, crumbled 
as earth is capable of being.] Mould; 
earth ; soil. North. 

MEANS, s. Property, estate; i. e. means 
by which a person can live. Common. 

MEANTED, part, pas^. Apprehended; 
thought or dreamed of; as though some 
meaning was discovered. North. 

MEATCHLY, adv, [Mahls, Goth, much.] 
Perfectly well. South. Grose. 

MEATY, aij. Fleshy ; but not fat. Norf. 
In good condition. Sussex, Hants. 

To MEECH, V. n. To play truent from 
school. 

MEECHER, s, A truant ; one who absents 
himself improperly. Somerset. 

MEEDLESS, adj. Unruly. l^orth. 

(Without, or unworthy of, Meed or reward.) 

MEER, s. [Msera, Ang. Sax. the end.] 
A ridge of land between different proper- 
ties in a common field, semng to show 
where each property ends. 
(See Mara-Balk.) Glouc. 

MEER-STONES, s. Stones set up to divide 

different properties. Craven. 

MEET-NOW, adv. Just now. North, BaUey. 



MEL. 



MES. 



109 



MEETERLY, ado. [Meet, proper.] Hand' 
somely ; niodeslijr* North, 

MEETiN^R, MEETINGER, 8. A vul^r 
name given to one who attends a meeting 
house ; a Dissenter from the Established 
Church, Norf. Suss. Hants. 

MELDER, s. [Mehlder, Germ.] A kiln full ; 
as many oais as are dried at a time for meal 
are called a *< Melder of Oats.** Cheshire, 

York. 

To MELL, V. a. [Meddle, " Mell nor Make," 

•* Meddle nor Make/'] To meddle with ; 

to touch. Somerset, 

' (Meier, Fr. to mix ; to jumble.) Craven. 

To MELL, v. a, [Melm, Brit, a mill.] To 

swings or wheel round; to turn anything 

slowly about. Narf, ^uff 

A MELL or MAUL, «. [See Mall.] A wooden. 

mallet or beetle. North. 

MELL-SUPPER,». Harvest-supper. North. 

MELSU, ojy. Damp; drizzling, as "Melsh 

weather;** also modest. North. 

MENCE, 9. [Mennise, Ang.Saz. polite, civil.] 

Decency . Cra ven . 

MENCEFUL, £ui/. Decent; becoming. DUto. 

MENDMENT, s. Manoie, which amends or 

improves land. E. Sussex, Kent. 

MENDS, «. [Amend, amende, Fr] 

Reparation, Craven. Sussex. 

MENEGE, s. [Meoage, Fr. a family.] 

A family. North. 

MENDING-THE-MUCK-HEAP, A coarse, 

vulgar, romping bout; where, if one 

falls down others fall over, till there is a 

promiscuous heap of either, or of both 

sexes, of course not always very delicate 

nor very decent. Notf. Suff. 

'* More sacks to mill" is a game somewhat 

similar in Hampshire. 

ME>]TLE, s. [Mentel, Sax. a cloak.] A 

woman's coarse woollen apron. Norf. Suff, 

MEOS- POT, s. [Moes, Belg. pottage.] 

A mess pot. Craven. 

MERE, s. A private carriage road between 
two persons grounds. North, fVilts. 

(Merus, Lat. mere, exclusive of all other 
persons or things.] See Mere-balk. 
MERGIN, «. The mortar or cement of old 
walls. Norf. Qrose. 

(See Miidgin.) 
MERKED or MARKED, part. pass. Trou- 
bled in mind. North. iiaSey. 
(Murky, dark, cl<mdy.) See Mirk. 
MER R Y BAN KS, s. A cold posiet . North. 
MERRY-MAKING, s. A feast or festival. 

North. South. 
MERRY-TOTTER, s. Merry and Totter ; the 
board always shaking or tottering.] 
A seesaw ; a board poised on a prop, called 
also a " Titter-ialter." North. 

MESH, s. [Meos, Sax. moss.] Moss, a spe- 
cies of lichen, which grows plentifully on 
apple trees. Sumerset. 

M£SiLlNS>a<2o. By the mast. Craven. 

MESLIN, s. [See Maslin.] A mixture of the 
flour or meal of different sorts of grain. 

Norf. Suff. 



MESLIN-BREAD, s. Bread made of mixed 
flour or meal. Natf. Suff. 

(See Foiby.) 

MESS, s. [Mesler, Fr. to mingle.] A gang ; 
a crew of men, who mingle together. Norf. 

MESS, s. A sciape. " I was not in that 

mess f 1 was not mixed up with it. Norf. 

(Mesler, Fr. to mingle.) Hants. Suss. 

M£!fS, s. [Myse, Sax. a dish, or Mesure, 
Fr. measure ; mess implying a certain 
quantity.] The number of four at an en- 
tertainment at an inn, when a stipulation 
was made for a large party at a certain price 
per mess. Craven* 

To MESS, V. a. To serve cattle with hay. 

Somerset. 

MESSIN,«. The act of serving cattle with 
hay. Somerset. 

MET, s. [Metan, Sax. to measure.] 
A measure. North. 

MET, «. A strike or four pecks, that is a 

bushel. North, 

A strike or bushel. Bailey. 

MEUSE, s. A hole through a hedge, made 
by hares or rabbits. Hants. Sussex, 

MEW, s. [Mue, Fr. Mew; a place where 
anything is confined.] A Mew of com or 
hay, a more correct word than ** Mow.*' 

Grose. 

MEWS, «. [Meos, Sax. moss.] Exmoor. 

MEWS, s. [See Mew.] A general name in 
London for stables. 

To M EVE, V. a. To move. Cra/oen. 

MICH, MUCH, adj. [Such is often pro- 
nounced 'sich' in the South; however 
'<Mickle,** Sc. is much.] Wonderful. 

Craven. 

MICH'W HAT, adj. Much the same. Craven. 

MICHERS, s. [Mechant, Fr. rwiish. 
Miche, Penning.] Thieves; pilferers. 

North, Grose. Shakespeare. 

MICKLED-WITH-COLD, adj. Stiffened 
and benumbed ; the cold being too severe 
or too much for a person. ^est. Grose. 

M1CKLE, 0(1;. Much. North. 

MID, v,aux. Might, may. Somerset. 

MIDDEN-PONT, «. [Midding, Ang. Sax. 
Pont,Wekh, a hollow place ; whence pond, 
I suppose.] The receptacle of the filth 
of a cow-house. Cravenm 

MIDDEN, «. Adung-hill. North. 

MIDDEN-STEAD, s, [Midden and Sted, Sax, 
a place.] A place for dung. North* 

MIDDLESTEAD, s, [Middle and Sted, Sax. 
a place.] The compartment of a barn* 
which contains the thrashing floor, gene- 
rally in the middle of the building. Norf. 



In some counties called a " Midsfeead." 
MIDGE, «. [Myege, Sax.] A gnat. North. 
MIP or MEN, pron. Them. Exmoor. Grose. 
MIFF, s, A slight offence ; displeasure. Som. 
" He went off in a Miff." Sussex. HanU. 
To MIFF, V. a. To give a slight offence ; to 
displease. Sussex, Hants, 

MIBT Y, «. A nick-oame for the DeviL 

Gloucestershire. 



no 



MIL. 



MIN. 



MIG, <. [Mediglyno. Sai. mead, meihiglin, 
mead ; *' at sweet aa mig." . ^Somerset. 

MILE, s. prop. [Michael, anciently written 
Mi hi I or Mihel. Forty, "] Michael. 
In Norwich are two churches dedicated to 
St. Michael; one called St. Mile's at 
Coslany, the other St. Mile's at Plea. 
MlLE.MASy «. [Mile> and Mas^a feast.] 
The feast of Su Michael. Somerut, HanU. 

kV9U Sussex, 
MUIIL-MAS, i. Michaelmas. AoWA. 

MILK-BROIU, s, .Gruel made with milk 
and grits or oatmeal. Norf. 

MlLKIilR, s, A cow that gives milk. North* 
Generelly one that gives a good quantity of 
milk is called a good milker, and vice 
versa, a bad milker. South, 

MILKNESS^s. A dairy. North. 

The produce of the dairy. North, 

[Milk, and Ness, signifying the state or qua- 
lity of anything.] 
MILKERS, s, [Milk, and House.] 

Milk-house; dairy-room. North. Hants, 
MILLER, 1. [Its feathers being covered with 
a line powder.] A moth. Norf, Hants. 
MILL-HOLMS, s, [Mill and Holmes, Sax. 
a river island; low, and consequently 
watery ground] Watery places about a mill 
dam. North. 

MILLION, s. [Corruption of Melon,] Forby. 
A pumpkin, a plant of the same species as 
the melon.] Norf. Suff, 

MlLLNER,s. [Myln, Sax. a mill, and Wer, 
Sax. a man; thus Millner is a millman.j 
A miller. North, 

M1LWVN,«. Green fish. Lane, Grose. 

MIM, ac^'. [Mum! an interjection, from its 
very sound, expressive of silence.] 
Primly ; silent. Norf. S^f. 

MIMMAM,;s, [Perhaps from Maum,.soft.] 
A bog. Berks. 

MIN, s, A low word, implying contempt, 
addressed to a person instead of *' Sir," as 
** I'll do it, Min." Somerset. 

(Probably from Man, which is used some- 
thing in the same way in Hampshire.) 
To MIND, V. a. [GemineL Sax. the mind; 
whence comes both the power of thinking 
and of remembering.] To remember. . 

South. North. 

To observe. North. South* 

MiSE,pron.poss, This and other pronouns 

are used without the word house, as ** 1 

ytiah you would come to mine ;" ** I an 

coming to your's ;** i am invited to his. 

Noff. S^f. 
To MING, V, a. [Mingelen, TeuL to mingle.] 
To knead. Norf Sufi. 

To MING AT ONE, v.n. [Mind.] To re- 
mind; to give. warning I to mention or al- 
lude, to a thing. North. 
MING-WORT, s. Wormwood. North. 
MINGINATOR, s. A maker of fret work. 

York. 

(Perhaps corrupted from Engine.) Grose. 

MINIFER, s. [Miniver.] Mustila erminea. 



am 



Linn; the white atoat or ermine, aome* 
times, but very rarely found in Norfolk. 
(Ermine is called Hermine in Fr. Arminiusin 
Lat. from Armenia, whence it comes. May 
not minifer or miniver he from Menia, 
Armeia,and Fur?) 
To MINK or MINT, v. a. [See Ming.] 

To attempt ; to aim at. Norf. 

MINK-MEAT, «. [Mingledmeat.] Meat or 
food for fowls, mixed with bran or barley 
meal. Norf. 

MINNIS, s. A common. Kent. 

MINNOCK,*. [Migrion, Fr. a darling, ac- 
cording to Penning, who calls it a favou- 
rite, or the object of one's affections.] 
One who affects much delicacy, as though 
very gentle and refined. Norf.':S^f. 

To MINNOCK, V, n. To play the fribble. 

Norf. Suff. 

To MINT, V. a. [See Mink.] To aim at 

anything. North* 

V. n. To resemble. West. 

MINTS, s. Mites. Qlouc. HanU. 

*' Minty cheese** is cheese full of mites. 

Hants. 
MIRE-BANK, s. [See Maia-balk.] 

A separation. Norf. 

MIRE-DRUM, s- [Mere, Sax. a pool or lake 

where it inhabits; and Drum, from the 

noise this bird makes, called sometimes 

** booming." 

A bittern. Norf 

MIKK-MURK, adj. [Myrk. Isl. murky.] 

Dark. North. 

MIRKED or MERKED. part. pass. Troubled 

or disturbed in mind. North. South. 

To MIRTLE, V, n. To waste away. North. 

South. 
MISAGAFT, aiff. [Mis, Sax. implying de^ 
feet ; and Gift, Sax. a gift.] Suss. taOey. 
Misgiven ; mistaken. South. Orose. 

ro MISAGREE,v.fi. To disagree. E.Suss. 
MISBEHOLOEN, ajy. Offensive. North. 
MISBEHOLDING, part. act. Affronting. 

Norf. 
Also disobliging. Norf. 

MISCASUALTY, s, An unlucky accident. 

Norf, 
MISCREED, part. pass. [Mis and Cri, Fr. a 
cry.) Decried, that is cried down, or spoken 
against, undeservedly. North. 

MISCOMFORTURE, MiSCOMHAP, s. Mis- 
hap; misfortune; (quite expressive of 
their own meaning.) Norf. Sv^. 

BUSERY, s. Acate pain in any part of the 
body; ''misery in the head," is a head- 
ache. Norf. Sujf. 
MISKEN, s. [Misichen, BeL to mix.) 

A dunghill. Orose. 

MISUN, a4;. [Mist, Sax, a mist.] Misty; 

small rain. Craven, 

** Mizsling weather," is that in which the 

moisture decends, not in direct, hard, rain, 

but more in the shape of a fog. Hants. 

Sussex. 
M1SL1N-BU8H, s. The misletoe bash. Norf. 



MIS. 

MISLIPPENED, part. pan. [Mislucken, 

Belfi^.l DisappointiH]. York. 

(May this be from Mis, and Lippe, Sax. a lip. 

When Tantalus tried to eat the grapes, or 

drink the water, which almost touched his 

lips, and they were snatched away, he was 

completely Mislipped, or Mislippened- 

disappointed. 

MISTA, s, [Misten, Belg. dung ; cow-houses 

of course being rather dirty at times.] 

A cow-house; a milk-stall. JVbWA. 

« Mistall.»' Grose 

MISTECHT, parL pass. [Mis-teached ; mis- 

taught.] Mistaught, havinc: contracted some 

bad habit or custom; ill-broken, as ap- 

plied to a horse. North. 

MISWONTED, adj. Having bad habiu, that 

IS being wont to do amiss. NoHh. 

JjrrCW.oJj. [Mickle,Sc.] Much. DUto. 
MITTENS, #. [Mitaine, Fr.] 

Gloves with the tips of the fingers cut off. 
_,„^ Norf. Hantif, Sussex, 

M\TY, adj. [Mite, Sai. a mite.] Small. 

mjrivnmf Lincoln, 

MiXEN, *. [Mil, different things being mixed 

together generally in one heap.] 
-,^«^"n&hill. Harus. Somerset. York. 

MIXHILL,». A dunghill. Kent. 

MIZ-MAZE, *. [Mi«t,and maze, in either of 

which it is difficult to trace one's way.] 
_.C?nf""on- Somerset. Hants. Sussex. 

MIZZY, *. A quagmire. North 

MOATS,*. [Motus, moved.] Agitation. 
To play the MoaU,** is to be much in- 
censed. Crawm 
MOCK-BEGGAR-HALL, *. A house with 
an inviting external aspect, but within poor 
and bare, disappointing those who beg 
alms at the door. Norf. Suf. 
There is a small farm, near Rye, in Sussex, 
which is called " Mock-Begsiar," and near 
to it was a rough bank, formerly called 
''Beggars Bank," clearly implying that 
begffars used to resort there. 
MODRER,MODDER,«. [See Mauther.] A 
young girl; frequently applied to female 
animals, as mares, cows, &c. Norf. Orose, 

^ - „ , BaUey. 

Not in Forby in the latter sense. 
To MOFFLE or MUFFLE, v. n. [Maffelen, 
Uelg. to muffle.] To speak thick and in- 
articulately. jVor/. 

« f.KS""' 'O'^afdly. Penning. 

To MOG, t>. n. To move. Craven. 

MOG SHADE, *. [Mog, Dan. wet; moist. 
It being generally damp under trees.] 
The shade of trees. Bailey. 

roMOISE,».ii. [Moison, Old Pr. rent; a 
com rent.] "'^"^x 

To improve; to increase.' Norf. Suf. 

MOISER, s. A medicine, which makes a man 
moise or improve. Norf. Suf. 

To MOIDER, e. a. [Modde, Belg. mud.] 
To confound ; to perplex ; to confuse. Nt» 
" Welly.moidered ;" almost crazed. Chesh. 



MOL. 



Ill 



A confused person is sad to be muddled, 
that is, his intellects are not clear. Hants, 

Sussex. 
MOKE, s. [Maesche, Belg. a mash or mesh.] 
The mesh of a net. Norf. Hants. 

MOKE, t. Wicker-work. Norf. 

MOLESHAG, s. [Perhaps Mole, and Shatrgy, 
rough, hairy.] A caterpillar. Glone. 

»IOLTER,t. [Moulin, Fr. a mill.] 
(See Mouter.) 

The toll of a mill. North. 

MOLT, *. [Melt, molten, molt] 

Profuse perspiration. Norf, 

MOLTED, part, pass, [Molten.] Violently 

affected by heat. Norf. 

I am so hot; I am almost melted, is acom- 

m on ex pression . Hants. Sussex, 

MOLT- WATER, s. Clear exsudation; the 

discharge from a blister is so called. 

Norf. Suf. 
To MOLLY-CRUSH, v. a. [Is it from Maul 
and Crush ?] To kill within a little. 

Warwick. 
MOMMACRS, s. [See Mammocks.] 

Pieces; fraennents. Somerset. 

MOMMET, MOM MICK, «. [Mimicus, Lat.a 
mimic] A scarecrow; something dressed 
up in clothes to personate (or mimic) a 
human being. Somerset. 

To MOMMIC K, V, a. [See Mammocks.] To 
cut or carve awkwardly. E. Sussex, 

'MON'SY, ado. [Money^ Ang. Sax. money, 
Sc] Money. North* 

MONT, aux.v. Must not. Wane. Common. 
MONTETH, s, [Penning says from the name 
of the inventor.] A vessel to wash or cool 
glasses in. Cheshire, 

MONTHS* MIND, s. An eager wish or long- 
ing. Derived, according to Forhy, from a 
very ancient custom of holding a feast in 
memory of the dead a month after the 
decease. Norf. Svff. 

(See Forby.) 
MOO.«. [See mew.] A mow. Ct^aven* 

To MOOCH, V. ft. To play the truant; black- 
berry-mooching; playing the truant to ga- 
ther blackberries. Olouc. 
(See Meech.) Mediant, Fr. decitfnl. 
MOONLIGHT-FLIT, *. [Flitzen, Belg. to 
flit ; to move house ; and light nights 
bein^ preferred.] The removal of goods 
by night to defraud th^ owner of his house 
rent. Craven. 
MOONSHINE, s. A mere pretence; an 
illusive shadow, as if substituting moon- 
shine for sunshine. North. South. 
MOONSHINE, s. illicit spirits, which are 
generally smuggled of a night. Sussex, 

Kent. Hants, 

MOOWED, part. pass. Inflicted with a disease 

in which cattle make bloody urine. Craven. 

MOOR.PAWMS, s, [Moor palms, so called, 

because in moist situations they grow very 

large.] The flowers of the carex, or dock 

tribe. North. 

To MOOT, V. a. [Moetsen, Belg. to root up ; 



112 



MOP. 



MOS. 



hence ''Mooted" in heraldry, means plucked 
lip by the roots.] To root up. 
MOOT, 8, A slump or root of a tree. Som. 
MOPPING AND POPPING ABOUT, part, 
act, [See to Mop.] A fantastical and con- 
ceited carriage. North. 
MOP, «. A statute fair for hiring servants 

Glouc. 
To MOP and MAW, r. a. [Mop, Sni. 
Goth, to deride* and Mows, mouths, 
Bible.] To Laugh and make mouths at. 
To deride. Norf. Svff. 

To MOP, o. n. A horse that continually 
moves his head about in a stooping man- 
ner is said to Mop-about. Sussex. Hants. 
(Perhaps from the motion somewhat re- 
sembling that of a person Mopping or 
using a Mop.) 
MOPPET, s, A term of endearment, ad- 
dressed to a cbild. Craven. 
[Penning has this word Moppet orMopsey 
in this sense, and also as a Doll made of 
rags ; now mops were formerly made of 
rags, hence perhaps a doll made of rags, 
was called a moppet, a child would call 
its doll a moppet, and thence moppet 
would become a word of endearment for 
a child.] 
MORE, s, [See Maur.] A root. Somerset, 
To MORE, V, n. To root, to become fixed 
by rooting. Somerset, 
MORE, 8. A hUK North, 
A high mi open place. North. 
The hilly parts of Staffordshire are called 
the Morelands. 
MOREING-AXE, 4. [More, a root, and Axe.] 
Ad axe used for the grubbing up of trees. 

Glouc. 
MORGAN, s. The plant anthem is cotula, 
which grows generally in corn fields. 

Hants. 

May- weed and Meg- weed. "^ Stissex, 

MORK-SHRIEK, s. A mockery ; a humbug ; 

a foolish old wife's tale, implying some 

trick to frighten people. Norf. Suff. 

[Myrk, Isl. dark, and Shriek, a trick played 

off in the dark to create fear.] 

MORRIS, 8. [See Forby.] An antient 

game still played in Norfolk. 
MORT, 8. [Margt. Isl. Much.] Abundance, 
a maltitude; as, a Moit of money, apples, 
men, &c. S, Sussex. Kent. 

A very great number or quantity. Norf. St^. 
l/lOHT\h,adi>. Exceedingly; very ; a word 
in very general use throughout the king- 
dom and was in existence in Fenning's 
time, it may be derived from Mortal, 
■bowing something extreme, as when a 
person is dying he is said to be in the 
•* mortal' agony ;" or Forby may be right 
in deriving the word from Margt. Isl. 
Much. 
MORTACIOUS and MORTALLY are both 
used in the same sense in Kent. Grose, 
Mortally, Mortation, Mortatious. Norf. 

MORTARi «• Loam, beaten up with water. 



formerly used in building ordinary walls, 
in contradistinction to lime and sand, 
called cement. North. 

MOSEY, atjy. Mealy ; a Mosey apple. Glouc. 
[Mossy, soft, in the same senue as we use 
the word "Woolly, as a ** woolly turnip,** 
is one which has become tough and 
spunky in Hants. 
To MOSKER, V. n. [Muscos, moss.] To 
rot ; a rotten tooth is called a **' Moskered 
tooth." North. 

MOSS, 8, A peat-bog, so called from the 
softness of its nature. North. 

Chat-Moss is the name of a bog over which 
the Liverpool and Manchester Rail 
way passes. 
MOSS-CROP, 8. The plant cotton-rushi 

North 
[Enophorum angustifolium.] 
MOTA, s. [Mota,Lat. a moat, castles being 
generally moated.] A castle or fort. 

Nofth. BaUey, 

MOTHERING-DAY, s. Palm-Sunday, when 

children visit their relations. Warwick. 

MOTHERY, adj. [Modde,Belg. filth, mud.] 

Thick liquor, having thin filaments in it, 

is said to be Molhery. York. Hants, 

Swsex. 
To MOUCH, V. a, [See Mooch.] To pilfer. 

Berks 
MOUD, 8. [Molde, Sax. Mould, Earth.] 
A mole- North. 

MOUD. ». A Mole-hill. North. 

MOUDE-WARP, s. [Molde, earth, and 
Worpen, Dutch, to cast forth; Muldwarp, 
Dan.] A Mole-hill. North. 

To MOULD, V, €u To spread or level mole- 
hills. North. 
MOULDE-RAT, s. A mole. Bedford. 
NOUGHT, V. aux. Might. Somerset. 
MOUNDS, 8, [Mundian, Sax. to mound, to 
defend.] Field fences of every kind. 

Glouc. 

MAUSE-HUNT, s. A s^at, so called from 

preying on mice. Norf. Suff, 

MOUSE-SNAP, s. A mouse-trap. Somerset. 

MOUSEL-SCAB, s. a distemper in sheep. 

Bailey. 
MOUTER, 8. [Mutsen, Belg. to curtail.] 
Toll taken for gnnding. Craven. 

To MOUTER, V. n. To crumble, i^ fall in 
pieces. Craven. 

MOY, adj. [Mog, Dan. Moist.] Muggy, close, 
applieid to weather, that is with scarcely 
any air; hence used to signify also "de- 
mure." North. 
MOYLE, 8. A Mule. Exnunnr. 
To MOYLEY, v. n, [Mouiller, Fr. to moil.] 
To labour li^Atd. Exmoor. Grose. 
MOYTHERD, pari. pass. [See Moider.] 
Confounded ; tired out. Glou. 
MOW-BURNED, ;xlr^ past. Heated in the 
Mow ; spoken of corn that has been car* 
ried into the bam before it was sufficiently 
dry and consequently has been heated. 

JHants. Sussex. 



MUC. 



MUG. 



113 



MOYLED, paaU pass. [Moil.] Tumbled. 

Craven, 

M07C, «. [Moss.] A pood or lake over- 
grown with weeds. North, 

MOZY, adj, [Moses^ a common nickname 
for a Jew.] Shaggy, covered with hair. 

Norf. Sujr. 

MUCH.ONE, |rftt. Much the same. 

E, Sussex. 

MUCH OF A MUCHNESS, phr. Much 
the same, with little or nothing to choose 
between. Sussex, Hants. 

MUCK, «. [Meox, Sax. 61th.] The fresh 

dung of animals ; horse muck, pig's 

muck. Norf. Suff. 

The same, mixed with straw for manure. 

Norf. Suff, 

MUCK or MUCKLE, s. Dung and straw 
in a fresh or half rotten state ; hence the 
distinction between Muckle and rotten- 
dung. Hants. Sussex. 

MUCK-MIDDEN, s. [Muck, dung, and 
Middin^,'Ang. Sax. perhaps the same as 
Mixing or Mixen.] A dung-hill. North. 

MUCK-GRUBBER, s. A sordid miser, as 
though he would search even a dung- 
hill or any other filthy place for the sake 
of money. Norf. Suff. 

MUCK-GRUBBINO, adj. Sordidly avari- 
cious. Norf. Suff. 

MUCK-SPOUT, s. One who is at once 
very loquacious and very foul-mouthed ,* 
a most expressive term. Norf. Stiff . 

MUCK-CHEAP, a(y. Cheap as dirt. 

Craven. 

MUCK-HEAP, s. A very dirty person. 

Craven. 

MUCK-MIDDEN'BREWART, s. [Sprung 
out of a dunghill as a Mushroom does. 
Breward, the young blades of corn.] An 
upstart. Craven. 

MUCKSON-UP-TO-THE-HUCKSON, phr. 
[Up to the Hocks or ancles in dirt.] 
Dirty up to thf knuckles. Devon. BaUey. 

MUCK, at^j. [Mog. Dan. wet.] Moist, 
wet. North, Bailey. 

MUCK-OF-SWEAT, MUCK- WASH, *. 

Excessive perspiration. Norf. 

'* I am all in a Muck of Sweat.'* Hants. 

MUCKINDER, MUCKINGER, «. A hand- 
kerchief. North. Muckinger. South. 

MUCKY, adJ, Dirty. Lincoln. Norf. 

[Mucus, Lat.] 

MUCK, s. [Mucus, Lat.] Dirt or impurity 
of any sort. Norf. Suff. 

MUCK-SHUT, s. [Myrk. Isl. Murky, and 
Shut ; closed, shut up in gloom.] The 
dusk of the evening, Oloue. 

MUD, V. aux. Might. Craven. 

MUDGELLY, at^f. Broken, as straw trodden 
by cattle. E. Sus$e9. 

MUDGIN, s. [Murgeon, Sc. Novels. Forby.] 

Rubbish of chalk and ruined buildings, 

mixed with lumps of clay, broken straw, 

&c., with which hovels or low walls for 

farm-yards are sometimes built. Norf. Suff 



MUD-SHEEP, «. Sheep of the large old 

Tees-water breed. North. 

[Did they feed in low damp places ?] 

MUG, s. [Mog. Isl. wet.] A gloomy and 

damp state of the weather. Norf. 

To MUG, V. n. To rain. Norf, 

MUGGY, adj. Gloomy and damp. Norf, 

North, 

Damp and warm. Hants. 

[Mug, Welch.] 

MUGGARD, a4i, [Muggy weather is close, 

figuratively sullen, weather.] Sullen, 

displeased. Esnnoor. 

MUGGED, adj Without horns. Craven. 

MUGGETS, s. [Maw and Guts.] The in- 

testines of a calf or sheep. . Somerset. 

Chitterlings or hog's guts, also a calfs 

pluck. Exmoor, Grose. 

MUGGETY-PIE, s. A pie made of a calf's 

entrails. Com. 

MUG WORT, s. Wormwood. North. 

[Sax. Mugwyrt.] 
MUG, s. A vulgar name for a man's face 
as *' Look at bis ugly mug,'* Hards. 

MULL, s. [Mul. Belg. dust.] Dust or re- 
fuse of turf or peat. Craven. 
MULL, s. When boys play at peg-top, a 
ring is formed on the ground, within 
which each boy is to spin his top. If the 
top, when it has ceased spinning, does 
not roll without the circle, it must remain 
in the ring, to be pegged at by the other 
bo>-s, or be redeems it by putting in an 
inferior one, which is called a'* Mull." 
When the top does not roll out, it is said 
to be *' Mulled.*' West Sussex, 
[Penning has to *' Mull," (Mollis, Lat.) 
To soften ; to dispirit ; when a top is 
Mulled, its motion is stopped, softened.] 
To MULL, V. a. [To Maul ; to beat.] To 
pull or tumble one about. ' Exmoor. 
MULL, s. [Mul. Belg. dust.] Soft, break- 
ing soil. Norf. Suff. 
MULCH, s. [See Muck.] A rich compost 
of rotten leaves, litter, &c. ^orf. 
Long* litter ; or dung. Suff. 
To MULDER, v. n. [Molde, Sax. dust.J 
To crumble into dust. Norf. Suff, 
MULDERY, MULTEKY, adj. Soft; 
crumbling ; mellow. Norf. Suff. 
MULLOCK, «. [Mull. Belg. dust.] A heap 
of ashes or rubbish. Qfouc, 
Dirt or rubbish. North. 
To MULL Y, v. n. [Mogla. Isl. to murmur.] 
To make a sort of sullen, half suppressed 
growling, like a dog, before he barks, or 
a bull, before he roars. Norf, 
MULLIGRUBS, s, A fit of the sullens. 

Norf. Hants. 

Susseap. 

A pain in the stomach. Hants. Sussex, 

MULLIGRUB-GURGIN, *. A meal grub, 

that feeds only on Gurgins, the coarsest 

kind of meal. IVtst, Orose, 

[A grub that feeds on Gurgin or meal till 

it is all mere Mull or dust] 

p. 



114 



MUL. 



Mvn. 



7b MULP, V n. [Mogla. IbI. to mtinnar.J 

To be sulky ; to pout. ^off. 

MULPS, «. plu. A fli of MilkiBeM. Nor/- 

MULPY, a4/\ Sulky. JVorf. 

[Mope.] 
TbMuLT, r. a. [Meltao, .Sai. tomeh; 
moH or molteD ; pari, pa9$J] To melt. 

Somersets 

MULTAD or MULLED, piif . pms. Close 

rubbed and tightly squeeted. EjtmoGr* 

[Perhaps Melindi aa a peraoii who is well 

rubbed and aquceaed ia likely to be 

▼ary much heated; thus we have 

Multad, Molted) and Moiled ; mollilled, 

aoftened] 

MUM I irUerj. An exclamatioti calling for 

ailoDCo; the nethod of pronounciog^ 

wbichy with closed lips, is expressive of 

its seme. Feitning, Hanit^ Swtex, 

MUM, adj. Silent. DiUo. 

MUM-CIIANCB, 8. [Mome { ft fool ; from 

Momus, the God of Fblly, and Chance.] 

A fool, drop|)ed) aa it ware, by chance ; 

atupid and silent. fVeiti, 

A ^anse of hasard, played formerlyf with 

dice. See HalPs account of the fejoic- 

ingsat the Coronation of AjwaBullea. 

Orose. 
MUMCHANCE, adf. Stopidly silenn 

Hantg. f\U9e9, 

MUMPER, «. [Mompelen, Belg^.] to mur- 

nnnr ; to tolk low» Fm^ning €md Fvrby. 

Why not from Moaamon. Belf^. to 

" mnnim," to mimic, or personate any 

character, which bej^gars certainly do ?] 

A beggar. Fenning. Jokmum, Norf. 

Mumpers are peiaons urbo go in troops 

from hoose to house to beg akns at 

Christoaaa time, to make Morry with. 

Nwf. 

MUN ! A particio of interrogation ; a low 

tcf m of addwsa. iVar/» /farfA. 

[See Min.] 

MUN^ o. aux. [St.] Mwat ; « i mon go :*' 

*Mmu8tc:o." North, 

MUN or MIN, pnm. (Periiaipa Man.] 

Them* Bxwtoor, 

MUNS, «. [MuQths, Goth, mooOk] The 

fece. North, ^ 111 give yoo a alap in 

the Muns." Hants, 

To MUNG, v.«. [Gomengany Sav. to min- 

gle.] To mix. Worestlir, 

MUNG, part, pass. Mixed up, kneaded. 

Notf 8^f, 

MUNG, «. A miitoro of coaiaa Bveal with 

milk or pot liquor for the fond of dogs, 

pigs or poultry. Norf, Suff, 

MUNG, s. Food for chicken. Grose, 

JdUNG-CORN-BREAD, s. Bread made of 

mixed corn, as wheat and rye. 

To MUNGCR, V. n. [See Maunder.] Tb 
mniter to one'a self j to mufmur. 

Sbrop, 

MUBC, MURK, adj. [Myrk, Isl. Murky.] 
Dark. North. | 



MURE.«EARTED, sidj. ( Mur, Pr. ripe ; 
when ripe, fmiia are soft.] Soft-hearted. 

iVorf. 
MURE-MOUTHED, iuff. Using soft words. 

Norf. 

MURKINS,iii{9. [Myrk, lei. Murky.] Orose, 

MURKUNS, ado, Bailey. 

In the dark. Noffh, 

To MURI^ V, n. [Mull, Belg. Dust.] To 

eromble ; to bll to pieces. North, 

MURLY-GRUBS, «. 1 [Mwgt.or Mol.Brit. 

MULLY*GRUBS, I warm ; the complaint 

MULGRUBS, I being attended with 

J symptoma of fever. 
Fmning.'i 
A twisting of the Goto. Ditto. 

The Belly-ach. Hants, Sussex, 

Bad temper. North. Swuem, 

MURTH, s. [More, Morth; Dry, Dryth. 
Hams, Wide, width ; strong, strength.] 
Abundance ; a Murtli of corn ,* abun- 
dance of corn. North* 
MUSH, adj, [Mouchard, Monche, Fr. a 
police>apy.] Foiify, 
Goardedly ailent. Norf. f^» 
MUSS, s* A scramble ; to make a muss is 
to make a aeramble* North. 
[It acems to resemble Mess, which pro- 
bably ta from Mealer, Fr. to minigle. 
To ipet into a Mess is to be mixed up 
with soma troublesome atair.J 
MUZZY, m4f. Uair^ronk ; atnpified. 

York, Smsox. Hants, 
[Musel, Arm. A mnttle; when a man ia 
Btupifled with liquor, he may be said to 
be mnsxled, being unable to talk ] 
MUX, s. [Meox, Sax. mock, the word in 
mote general use, though not so correct 
as Mux.] Dirt. Bxmoor. 

MYSEU pnm. [Miasilhiv, Goth. Mysel. 
Sc.] Myself. NoHh, 

To MYNDE, o. a. [To Mine.] To under- 
mine. Craven, 



N. 

NAA, adv, [Na. Sax. Na. Welch.] No. 

York, 
NAAN, adj, [Nn, Sax. No ; An. Sax. one ; 
No one.] None. York. 

NAAR, NAR, prep. [Na^ra^ Sax. Naer, 
Dan.] Near. York. 

NA'ATAL,«4/. Nntuml. Sotnenei. Htmts. 
NA'ATALLYy adv. Naturally. DUto. 

To NAB, V. «• [Nappe. Swed.] To catch 
unexpeotediy. York, Hants. Sussex. 

To NAB, V. a. [Nnbbe, Aag. Sax. a bird's- 
beak. Fortfy,] To catch as a bird 
catchea inaecta with its beak. Njrf, 9itf* 
** To Nab the rust," is to receive punish- 
ment unexpectedly. Sussex. Hants. 
*' To Nip the rust.'* Pf^aruick. 
NAB, 9. [Knap, Sax. a knob, a protu- 
berance.] The aamnit of a rock, hill, 
or mountain. North, 



JSAB. 



NAN. 



115 



A small piece of rUing grouod. ffo^if- 

&f/usex, 

NABBITY, adj. [Nab, rays Forby, as 
ihough small enough to be takeo up id 
a bird's beak.] Short in stature, but full 
grown; said of a diminotive female. 

Norf, Suff, 

To NABBLE. [Knibbe]en,BeIg.to nibble.] 
To gnaw. Nor/. Suff, Stutex. Hants. 

NAB^NANNY, «. [Nab, to catch, and 
Nanny, the nursemaid, whose business it 
waslo catch thens.] A Louse. Nor/, 8uf, 

NACK, «. [Cneca Brit, a toy which shows 

dexterity and connivance.] A habit; 

a torn for anything. North. 

A habit of doing anytbiof, whether good 

or bad. UontM, Sussex. 

N ACKER, s. A harness-maker. Nor/, 

NACKING, 8. [Nacke, Teut. the neck.] 
Handkerchief, or Neckeichief« being 
sometimes worn round the neck. Com. 

NAFF, s. [Naf. Sai.] The nave of a wheel. 

Craven. 

N AFFIN, «• A simple person i one almost 
an ideot. North. 

NAGGING, part, ad, [Qoosganj Sax. to 
gnaw.] Gnawing. North. 

To NAGGLE, v. a. To gnaw. North. 

To NAGGLE, v, n. [Nag, a young horse 
which tosses his head about when reined.] 
To pace^ and toss the head in an affected 
roaaoer; particularly applied to affected 
females. Nor/ St^ff. 

NAILt s, A weight of eight pounds. " A 
nail of pork or beef." "The hog weighed 
twelve nails." Hants, W.Sntsex, 

NAIL, s. The homy excrescence at the ex- 
tremity of the fingers and the toes. 
*' Thou cannot say black's my Nail ;" 
you cannot say 1 have any [i^Xv even to 
the size of my nail. Craven. 

To NAIL, 1^. a. To fasten; to bind a 
person to a bargain, as ; '' I nailed him/' 
1. e. <* 1 accepted his offer."^ti«i«j;. Hants. 

NAMET, s. [Naen, Beig, noon ; and Mete, 
Sax. meat.] Luncheon ; literally noon- 
meat. U^ of fVight, 
Nan-meet. iV3>ch, 

N'AM. [Na. Sax. No ; and Am.] Am not. 

tiaUey. 

NAN, itnierj. [Nane, Sax. nay.] A word 
of vulgar use in conversation, when one 
person does not understand what another 
says to him. SormersH. Hants, tV. Sussex^ 

NANT or NAUNT, s. An aunt Somerset. 
[Perhaps An Aunt.] Ox/ord, Yorh. 

NANCY, f. A small lobster. Suff. 

NANCYf 9' Miss Nancy isa naip^ given to 
an effeminate man. North, A great 
Molly is used in the same senee. Souih. 

NANG-NAILS, «. [Gncegan, Sax. to gnaw } 

gnawini;- nails ; as we say a gnawing 

pain. Corns may be called nails froni 

their hardness.] Corns. North, 

"To Nang your jaws,'* is to move the jawf 

in a grindisg, insulting way. E. Sussex ^ 



NANNIEBERBIES, s. [Annuls, Lat a 
ring ; tumonrs being circular ; and Ber- 
ries t^om theiv redness; thus a pimple 
on a dmoHard's nose is called a grog- 
blossom.] Tumours or excrescences on 
animals.. Craven^ 

NAN-PIE, NAN-PIANNOT, PIANNOT. 

NANTl-PXE* s» [Nan, a female name ; and 
Pie, spotted.] A mag-pie. Tbqs we 
call an owl, Madge ; a red-breaat« Robin ; 
a wren, Jenny ; a parrot. Poll. North. 

NAP, A [Knap, &ix. a knap or knob.] 
A small rising ; a hillock. Somerset, 

HatUs. Sustesf, 

NAPE or NEAP, «. [Nape, the joint of 
the neck behind, which supports and 
guides it.] A wooden instrument with 
three feet, to support the forepart of a 
laden wain or wagon. North. 

NAPKIN. 4. A handkerchief. North. 

NAPPEU, s, [Knap, Sax. a Knob.] The 
head. Hants, 

NABRE, profi. [Naer, Dan. near.] Nearer. 

Hants, 

To NARRE, V. n, [KuarreK, Belg. to 
growl.] To growl as a dog. Hants, 

NAHLE, s. [Knor, Teut. a knare or hard 

knot.] A hard swelling on the n^ck. Oloue, 

A knot in 'an oak-treo* Hants* 

A knot in a tangled skein of siHt or 

thread ; the knot in a tree always being 

twisted. Chose, 

NAR&OW-WHIGGLE, s. [See Eiriwiggle.] 
An earwig. Notf. 

NAKSI^, ado. [Never since.] North. 

NASH, NESH, adj, [Nass, Germ. wet. 
moist.] Washy ; weak ; tender* North. 

BaUey, 

NAST, f. [Nasi, Teut. nasty.] Foulness ; 
weeds in a fallow. Qloue, 

NAT, s, A straw mattress. North, 

NATE, adj. LNaut. Isl.] Neat. North. 

NAPPY, adj. Very neat. North. South. 

NATION, NATIONALLY, adv. Very ; ex- 
tremely. A word in very common use 
in all parts of the kingdom ; whether an 
amelioration of the word ** Damnation*' 
in great use some years ago, as Forby 
thinks ; or n bether from Nation, implying 
all the people of a nation or great num- 
bers — that IS, vastness, either as to qoan- 
tity or number-*"! shall not decide ; but 
only remark that the wQid *' Oceans" is 
used in the same sense in Sussex, where 
they say, *' Oceans of people ;" ** Oceans 
of grass*" l^c. 

NATCH or AlCH-BONi;, s. [Notch- 
Bone, TodU ] The rump-bone. NoHh. 

NATIVE, s. Birth-place; naUve-place. 
Thus we have " my beloved*' for be- 
lovad child , *' my sweet ;" **my dear;" &c. 

Nor/. Sussex. Suff. 

To NATTLE* v.n, [Naht. Sax. naaght; 
to Naught-Naughtle ; to do aaught.] 
To be very bu^ about trifles ; or in doing 
nothing. Nor/, 



116 



NAT. 



NEE. 



NATURABLE, adj. Natural. CraneA. 

NATURE, 9, Natural feeling or affectioD ; 

a very oipreasive urord. Norf, Suff, 

NAUGHTY-PACK, s. [Naughty; and 

Patch, a sorry mean fellow ; a patched 

garment is a worthless one. In Sussex 

ve have '* Cross- patch" an ill-natured 

girl.] ' A bad child or person. Craven, 

« Naughty-Back." Norf. 

To NAUP, V. a. [Kneppe, Isl.] To strike. 

Crarcn. 
NAY, adv, [Na. Sax. no.] No. North. 
NAY , «. *) 1'he right or opportunity of re- 
N AY-SAY. [fusaly as Give me the Nay or 
J Nay-say of it. Norf, North, 
NAY-WORD, s. A by-word; a watch- 
word ; a pass-word. Norf, Fennmg, 
A word, without which no passage would 
be allowed a person into certain places, 
as into a garrison town at nighty or into 
a Freemason's lodge. 
NAWL,«. Aoowl. Somerset, 
This ma^ be formed corruptly from An 
awl ; in the same way we find Naunt, 
Nuncle. 
NAWL, 8, The Navel. Somerset. 
NAWLrCUT, «. A piece cut out from the 
navel ; a butcher's term. Somerset. 
NAZLE, NAZZLE, s. A diminutive of 
Ass. Norf, 
NEB, «. [Noebbe, Sax. a keel.] The bill 
or beak of anything. North. 
Oz-neb or Nib is the shaft which goes be- 
. tween the Oxen in a cart or wagon ; so 
called from its shape. Sunex, 
NEB, s. Nose. Craven. 
The handle of a scythe, from its shape. 
Craven, The pole of an ox-cart. Sutsex, 
NEAF, 8. iThe fist. North, Neaf- 
NEIF, NEIVE. Sful. a handful. [En 

jNaefe, Swed. a handful.] 
NEAM.EAM, s. [Eam. Ang. Sax.] Uncle; 
compeer; gossip. North, 

NEAPENS, 8. [En Naefe, Swed, a hand- 
ful.] Both hands full. North. 
NEAURE, a4f. [Nerran, Ang. Sax. pos- 
terior.] Nether. LtnaUn, 
NEAR-NOW, adv. Just now. Norf. 
NECK-ABOUT, «. A woman's neck-dress. 

North. 

Neckerchief. South. 

NECK-ANDCROP, phr. South. 

NECK-AND-HEELS. South and North. 

Topsy-turvy. 

NECK-BREAK, «. Complete rnin. North. 

NEAR, 8, Norf. )The fat of the kidneys. 

NYREjS St^, )[Nyra,Ang.Sax.tenellus. 

tender, says Forby, from its softness and 

delicacy. Nier, Belg. kidney.] North, 

NECKING; NECKINGER, s. A cravat 

or any other covering for the neck. 

North. 
NECK-WEED, s. Acomraon, ludicrous 
name for hemp. North. 

NEEALD, 8, [Nedl, Sax.] A needle. 

£rmoor. 



i 



NEEDLE, 8, A piece of wood pat down 
by the side of a post to strengthen it. 

Norf. 
A spur. Norf. 

NEEDLES, 8, "VThe plant, scandix 

NEEDLE-WEED (pecten Veneris ; shep- 
herd's needle, from the 
sharp pointed seeds. 

Norf 

NEEDLES, ) Hanis. 

PUCK NEEDLES, ] JV. Sussex. 

N'EET, N'lT, adv. [Not yet.] Somerset. 

To NEEZE, V. n. [Niesan, %ix. to sneeze.] 
To sneeze. North. 

NEEZLED, pmrt. pass. [Is it from Nez. Fr. 
nose ; drunken people often speaking 
through the nose.] A little intoiicated 
with liquor. North. 

NEEN,<^/. [Nuin, Goth.] Nine. North. 

NEET, 8. Night. Craven. 

NEGRE, 8. [Niugnr, Isl. a niggard.] A 
hard-hearted, covetous' person. Craven. 

NELD, 8. [See Neeald.] A needle. Bailey. 

NEP, NIP, 8. Nepeta cataria, the herb 
cat-mixt, which is covered with a white 
down ; hence the saying, *' as white as 
Nep.»' Norf, 

NEPE, 8. [Nepa, Lat.] A turnip. Hert, 

To NEP, V. n. [Kneppe, Isl.] To eat 

delicately. CVotwn. 

(To Nip is to cut off by any slight means.) 

NER, cor^', [Na. no. and Or.J Nor. 

Craten. 

NERLED, part, pass. Ill-treated, as by a 
step-mother. - North, 

[Knarren, Belg. to snarl.] 

NERVISH, adj. [Nerve, and-ish, a common 
diminutive termination to words.] 
Affected with weakness of nerves ; quite 
as proper as nervous. (See Forby.) 

Norf. 

NESHT, prep. [Corruption.] Next. Craven. 

To NESP, V. a. To pick off the ends of 
gooseberries. Craven. 

NESTLE, 8. [Not and Settle.] An unset- 
tled state. 

NEST-GULP, 8. The smallest and weakest 
of a brood of nestlings. Norf. 

NESTLING, «. The smallest bird of the 
nest. North. 

NESTLE-TRIPE, s. The weakest and 
poorest bird in the nest ; any young weak 
puny child or bird ; the last born or 
weakest of a fami ly . Somerset. 

NEST-EGG, 8, An egg left in the nest to 

induce the hen or other bird to lay more 

in the same. A small sum of money put 

by to be made use of in case of need. 

Hants. Sussex. 

NETHERED, part pass. Starved with cold. 

(Perhaps from Nether, lower. North. 

BaSiey. A person, starved with cold, 

being brought low.) 

NETTING, s. Chamber-lye ; urine. Notih. 

BaMey. 
NETTLE-SPRINGE, s. [Nettle and.spring. 



NEW. 



NID. 



117 



«s though iprung up from the stinging of 
nettles.] The nettle.rasb» an erup< 
tion on the skin. Norf* Suuex. 

NEW-GUT and JERKIN, «. [New Coat 
and Jerkin.] A game at cards. Somenel, 
NEWOICLE, 8. Something new. Norf. 
NEWfcLTY, J. Novelty. Norf. 

NEWING, ». Yeast, which renews, or gives 
new life, to the thing to which it is ap- 
plied. Ess&t. 
To NEWS, 9, a. To tell a thing as news. 

Norf. 1 
" It was newsU about." Sussex. Hants. 

Norf. 
NEXING, NEXTING, adj. [Neil.J Very 
near. Norf. 

N^XT-WAY, ». The nearest way. Noif. 
Being the way nest to you, as we say next 
door — the adjoining house. rforlh. 

Nil Nl! inierj. An exclamation express- 
ing amazement on seeing any one finely 
dressed. North. 

Nl,#. [Nid,Fr. anesU] A brood of phea- 
sants. Hants. fV. Sussex, 
N1B,«. [See Neb.] The shaft of an ox- 
cart, or wagon. fV. Sussex. 
NICE, adj. Clever; agreeable; fine; ap- 
plied to persons and things. Common. 
NICHILLED, part. pass. [Nick is a notch 
cot in anything ; to Nick a horse is to 
cot off a joint or two from his tail; 
these are from Niche, Teut. castrated; 
Nickod, Nickelled, Nichilled, Notched, 
as in the South we say a horse or other 
animal that is castrated is cot. North. 
Let me observe further: in Sussex chil- 
dren cut a number of slices from an 
apple, extending from the eye to the 
tail, broader on the outside than on the 
inner, which reaches nearly to the core ; 
one piece has a part cut out, making a 
notch, this is called Notch ; another is 
not cut at all ; this is called No-Notch ; 
while a third has an inciaion made in it 
but none cut out, this is called Nitch ; 
the pieces when thus marked are re- 
placed, and the game consists in one 
child holding the apple and pointing to 
one of the pieces, and asking another 
child which he will have, Nitch, Notch, 
or No-Notch ; if be guesses right, he 
has it and eats it ; if wrong, the other 
eaU it. Thus a Nitch or Nich is sim- 
ply an incision or cot; the colt is cot. 
Niched, or Nichilled. 
To NICKER, V. n. [From the sound.] 

To neigh. North. 

NICKER-PECKER, s. [From the nicker- 
ing or neighing kind of noise uttered by 
the bird when flying.] 
A woodpecker. North. 

NICKLEU, part. pass. [Cnucle, Sax. a 
knuckle.] 

In Hampshire, when wheat falb down and 
becomes entangled by lying in all direc- 
lioBB over the ground, it is laid to be 



knee-hasped; that is bent or clasped 
together, as the legs are when the joints 
are weak ; the same weakness is fre- 
quently expressed by saying a stumbling 
horse, or one weak in the knees, 
knuckles ; so the com knuckles, bends, 
stoops, falls. 
Beaten down and entangled, as growing 
corn or grass is by wind and rain. Norf. 

Suff. 
To NIDGET, V, a. [Nyd, Sax. need. Forhy. 
Is it from Nid, Pr. a nest ? A lying in 
woman being in her bed or nest.] To 
assist a woman in her travail. Norf. 

NIDDICK, s. [Nod, Brit, to nod. The node 
of the neck is the nape of the neck. 
Hants. This may be from Nod, that joint 
being moved when a person nods the 
head; or it may be from Nodus, Lat. 
a knot or knob, which is seen at the 
back of the neck when a person nods.] 
The nape of the neck. Exmoor. 

NIOGET, s. A horse-hoe ; an implement 
of husbandry used for cleaning the ground 
between the rows of hops in a hop- 
garden, or>f beans when drilled ; called 
also a break and a shim. E. Suss. Kent. 
NIF, conf. [An if.] If. Somerset. 

To NIFFI.E ; NIFFLE-NAFFI.E. v. [Cra- 
ven dialect. May it be from Nithing, 
Sax. nothing.] Why may not th be 
turned into gh or f, as vice versa? I 
knew a clergyman, who always read 
" the sighing of a contrite heart,*' *' the 
' silhing' of a contrite heart.*' 
To trifle ; to play with one's work. Norf. 
NIFFY-NAFFY, s. Simplicity in the ex- 
treme. Norf. 
An insignificant person. North. 
ToNIFLE, e. a. [Nlifan, So. Goth, per 
roedathesis. Craven Dialect. Is not 
Ryflen, Belg. to rifle as likely ?] Z 
To steal; to pilfer articles of small value. 

North. 

NIGGARDS, s. [Nuiggr, Isl. sparing.] 

Iron cheeks to a grate, without which the 

fuel would be wasted. North. 

NIGGER, s. [See Nicker.] A short,lhalf- 

snppressed neigh, and a diminutive of 

that word. 

A sneering, contemptuous giggle. 
(Negen, Belg to neigh.) Norf. 

NIGGING, NAGGING, pati. act. [Negen, 
Belg. to neigh.] Chattering ; also com- 
plaining, ffarwick. 
To NIGGLE, V. a. [Nuiggr, Isl. niggard.] 
To eke out with extreme care. Norf. Suf, 
To do anything in a poor, mean, way. 

Sussex. HanU. 
To cheat dexterously, in such a way that 
a person could not very well be charged 
« ith a cheat or theft ; implying that k 
has been done rather by some close, 
mean, niggardly trick, than by open 
cheating or robbery. North. Norf. 

Hants. Sussex, 



118 



NIG. 



NOB. 



NIGGLER,<. One who ii clever and deic- 
terous. North. 

One who does thiogs in a poor, mean, 
niggardly way. , Hants Sussex, 

To NIGH, V. a. To get close to a tiling ; to 
touch it. North. 

NILDY-WILDY, ado. [Nillan, Sax. to be 
unwilling; Willan, to be willing.] 
Whether or no ; whether one ia willing or 
not. Norf. 

To NIM, V. a. [Nimao, Sax. to be nim- 
ble.] 
To take np hastily. North. 

To steal. Fenning, Hence Nym in 
Shakespeare's Henry IV. got his name. 
NILL, 8. [See Neeald.] A needle. Som, 
NINE-HOLES, s. A rustic game, in which 
nine round holes are made in the ground, 
and a ball aimed at them from a certain 
distance. A second game is played with 
a board having nine holes, through one 
of which the ball must pass. Norf, 

A fish of the lamprey kind, having nine 
holes on each side of the neck. Norf. 
NINNIWATCH, «. A longing desire, or 
expectation of a thing. Exmoor, 

NIP,«« [To nip is to pinch off anything 
with the nails, implying the taking off a 
very small piece.] A neat, thriny, or 
rather penurious, housewife. Norf, 

A person who is close and sharp in mak- 
ing a bargin ; just doing the thing ho- 
nestly, and no more. Sussex. 
To NIP, V, n. To pinch close in domestic 
management.' Norf. 
** He lies Nipt,"' implies that a person is 
hard run. Norf. 
NIRli, s, [See Narle.] A knolt. Craven. 
NIST, NUOST, prep. Nigh ; near. Som. 
NISY, «. [Niais, Fr. dull ; silly.] 

A very poor aimpleloa. Norf, 

To NIP, V. a. To cut, as a string does when 
drawn tight round the waiaL ianeoln. 
NITCH, s, [See Nichilled.] A small quan- 
tity of hay or corn. Hants. 
NITHERED, part. pass. [See Nethered.] 
NITHING> adj. Much valuing; sparing 
of; " he is nitbiug of his pains." North, 

Grose.. BaUey. 
< Perhaps so sparing, he gives Nithiag or 
Nothing of his pains.) 
NITTLE, wij, [Diminutive of NeaL] 

Handy; neat; handsome. North. 

NITTLE, adj. Little; including the idea of 
neatness ; perliaps scrupuloualy neat ; 
that is, in the least things. Norf, 

NITTY, adj. [Nit, the egg of a lonse, or 
of any other very small animal.] 
Verv small. Hants, 

NIVER-THE-NEAR, adv. £Neiwr near 
the mark.] 
To no purpose; uselessly. Somerset. 

NOAH*S ARK, s. A clond appearing 
when the sky is for the most part clear, 
moch resembling (or at least supposed to . 
resemble) a large boat turned bottom op- j 



wards, considered a sure prognoaiic of 

rain. Noff. 

To NOB, «. a. To strike. Crm>en. 

(Knob is a name for the liead ; '* to Nob'' 

may he to give a blow on the head, as 

to Hide is to beat one on their skin.) 

NOBBUT, NOBOUO,con;. [None>bot.] 

Only. Norf. NoHk. 

NOBSON, s. [See to Nob.] A blow on 
the head. Craven. 

NOBBY, f. [No ; and Bad, Brit, body.] 

A fool ; also a very young foal. Norf. 
NOBLE, s. [Nabia, Isl.] The navel. Not/. 
NOCKLE or RNOCKLE, «. [Cnocian, 
Sax. to knock.] A mallet or beetle, 

Norf, Qrose. 
N06,«. Ale. Grose. 

A sort of strong, beady ale, peculiar to 
Norwich. Norf. Forty. 

NOGGIN, «. A little pot or piggin, holding 
about a pint. North. 

(Fenning has the word Noggin, and de- 
rives it from Nossel, Teot. a amall mog ; 
DOW Nog may be derived from Noggin, 
the vessel in which it is drawn | as for 
instance liquor cooled by having borage 
leaves put into it, from being prepared 
in a tankard, is called *' Cool Tankard,") 
** A noggin of ale.*' Hants. 

NOGGING, s. Courses of bricks worked 
in between a frame of woodwork in 
buildinga. Aor/. Ssusex. 

NOILS, s, [See Dwiles.] Coarse refuse 
locks of wool, of which nsops and dwiles 
are made. Not/. 

(Noils, Scotch.) 
NOISE, s. and v. [Foiby haslhis word and 
refers you to Miaike.] Norf 

NONCE, f. [Noiance, says Forby, from 
Junius, annoy, annoyance.] Fun ; sport ; 
amusement ; *' be did it for the Nonce,*' 
that is solely for sport, which is often an 
annoyance to others. Norf, Suss. Hants. 
Still in use, (183^) though in Todd*s 
Johnson, it is said not to be. 
NONATION. oiff. Unintelligible; incohe- 
rent: wild. Somerset. 
NONATION, ado. Very ; extremely ; used 
in the same sense as Nation, which see. 

Hants. 
(It may mean yov are so incoherent in 
your language, no-nation can under- 
stand yon. As an adverb, it is so ex- 
tremely good or bad, no-nation can 
produce its equal ) 
NOM INY, s. [Naman, Sax. to name ; No- 
men, Lai. the bride changing ber name.] 
Complimentary verses addressed to a 
bride by the 6r8t boy of the school, who 
expects a present in return. Should she 
refuse the accustomed gift, instances have 
been known, when the yonng petitioners 
have forcibly taken off the left shoe. 
Bui why the left? In Uncolnsliire, 
when a young woman is narrieil, the 
•Idar o9es throw old shoes aflar hrr, as 



NON. 



NOT. 



119 



ftlie is goings tocharcb* Throwing • tboe 
or Mocking oa a wedding teemt on old 
coftoni. Craven* 

NONE, ad9 Not at all. N^, 9mm. Hants, 
NONEARE, adr. [None-«'er ; aoi before.] 
Not till now. Norf. 

NONNOCKy 9. Aa idle whioti ; a childish 
fancy. Norf, 

7a NANNY, v. n. To trifle; to play the 
fool. Norf, 

(None, implying the doing nothing that is 
useful.) 
NON-PLUNGE, t. A non.pkit. Norf. 

(A non-plna means the imposaibility of 
doing more ; and so a non-pliinge 
means the being unable to plunge on, or 
move any forwarder.) 
NON-SUCH, (Black.) Trefoil seed. 
NON-SUCH, (White) «. Uay-grass seed. Nf. 
The yellow-blossomed trefoil only, is so 
called in Hants and Sussek. 
NOOK-END, «. [Nook, a comer; and End.] 

The farthest extremity of a comer. 
NOG KIN, «. The corner. North, 

NOONINGS, 8, The dinner boor of work- 
men, which is noon -tide. ' Norf. 
A luncheon In East Sussex is, for the same 
reason, called an *' Elevener." 
NOPE, ^. A small blow or stroke. Norih. 
NOR,c9fv'. Than. Norf . North, 
NORATION, «. £An oration ; thus we have 
Nuncle, uncle ; Neam, an earn. 
A loud rumour; an unnecessary pnblica- 
tion of any piece of news, or of a 
secret. Somerset. N^mls, 8u8H%. Norf, 
NORN, prof». [Nor one.] Neither. Somerset. 
NORTHERING, at^. Wild; incoherent; 
foolish. SorrterH^. 
L (A wild person ia said to wander; thus 
Noitfaering may be going to the Noith 
— going North-about, that is round the 
North of Scotland, instead of sailing 
down Channel, impliea taking a mora 
distant and round-about passage than is 
necessary, and sncb no very wise sea- 
man would take.) ^ 
NORT, «. Nothing. Somerset. 

(Nought.) 

HOSE-FLY, 9. A very flne, delicately made 

fly, which gets into horses' noses, and 

•tinging them, frequently causes them to 

run away wfaen^ at work t they come 

about the latter end of July. Hants. 

Nose-bags or nets are vsed to protect the 

horses' noses. Hants. 

NOSE-GIOG, s. {Nose, oeanhig the tip of 

anything, and Gtg«] 

A toe-ptece on a shoe. Exmoor. 

NO'RRA-ONE, NORRY-ONE. (Ne'er a 

one.] Never a one. Hommrset. 

NOT, adj. Smooth ; polled ; shorn. 

^ Not sheep ; Not cow. Essex, Hants* 

Somers^. fr. Sussex. 
That fleld ia " Not,** that is well tilled. 

JEssesf. 
(Probably from Not; a Not-aheep or cow 



is one that has " not" horns ; a well- 
tillcd field is one that has *' not" weeds.) 
NOT,«. [Knot, a cluster or collection.] 

ronnrnff. 
A flower bed. Somerset. 

NOT, s. A game where the parties ranged 
on opposite sides, with each a bat in 
their hands, endeavour to strike a ball to 
opposite goals ; so called from the ball 
being made of a knotty piece of wood. 
(See Hawkey.) Gtouc. 

NOTCH £T,«. A notable feat, worthy of 
being marked, recorded, or "notched." 
The accounts in the Exchequer were 
formerly kept by notches made in pieces 
of wood, called " Tallies." The office of 
Tally-cutter has only been abolished with- 
in these few years. In Hampshire, some 
years ago, the runs at a game of cricket 
were noted by cutting so many notches 
in a stick, when they said how many 
'• Notches" are you ? 
To NOTE, V. n. To push or strike with the 
horns, as a bull or ram. North. 

VOTTLED.part. pass Cliecked in growth ; 
said of caHle ; as a tree full of knots 
does not grow freely. Hants. 

NOTE, «. p^otigan, Ang. Sax. to use or 
enjoy.] The time during which a cow 
gives milk, without being dried ofi". 

Craven. 
To NOT, e. a. [See Not.] To poll or shear. 

Bssex, 
NOTE HERD, «. [Naut. Isl. neat-cattle.] 
A neat bend; a keeper of cattle. 
Nowt-herd. North, 

** Nowts ;" neat cattle. North. 

NO WL, NOBLE, s. [See Noble.] 
NOW-R£ERT,ad0. [Now and Recht, Belg. 
right; now-right; out-right.] Just now. 

PFest. 
NOUT-FOOT-OIL, s. [Sec Note-herd ] 
An oil extracted from the feet of cattle. 

North. 

NOVER, t. High land above a precipitous 

bank. E. Sttssex, 

To NUB or NUDGE, v. a. To strike gently ; 

to give a person a hint or signal by a 

prt^'ate touch with the band, elbow, or 

foot* North* 

** Give him a Nudge." SotUh. 

Tb NUBBLE, v. a. To bruise with the fist. 

(Penning has this word, and derives it 

from Knob, meaning to compare the 

knuckles of the closed flst, I suppose, 

with Knobs ; some may consider this 

also aa the proper etymon of to 

" Nnb ;*• but 1 rather prefer Snibbe, 

Dan. to •«Snib"oT«Snub," that is to 

check or reprimand; if a person is 

about to say sometfaing be ought not, 

another will give him a Nab or Nucfge 

to prevent him.) 

NUBBLY, a4/. [Knob, knobby.] Cloddy; 

full of small clods, i«ther than large 

ones. E. Sussex^ 



120 



NUD. 



OAS. 



To NUDOB, r. a. [Knutscheiiy BelgJ 
To press or beckon. North 

(See to Nub.) 
To NUODLE, o. n. To hold do wo the head. 

Norf, 
(Forhy derives it from Nod, I prefer Noo- 
dle, Noddle, a simpleton ; for in 
Sussex and Hants, to Nuddle, implies 
to do anything in a simple^ unmeaning 
way.) 
NUM| €u^j\ [Numb ; benumbed ; rendered 
insensible to feeling.] Stupid. Norf, 
NUMB, cuij. Clumsy ; when the 6ngers 
are numbed, they are incapable of hand- 
ling anything otherwise than in a clumsy 
manner. Craiven, 

NUMER, «. [Numerus, Lat. number.] 
A number; generally implying a great 
number. Norf, 

NUMMET, «. [Non. Sax. noon; Noon- 
meat.] A short meal between breakfast 
and dinner ; a lunch. Somertet. 

NUMPOST, 9, An imposthume, which, 
when very severe^ may very probably 
make a person numb, dull, heavy. Norf 
NUNCHEON, 8. A luncheon. Berks. HanU. 
An afternoon's repast. Bailey, 

The meal made by harvest-men between 
their dinner and supper. HanU, 

Penning explains Luncheon, at being as 
much food as can be held in the hand, 
that is a small meal. I should suppose 
it has something to do with Noon- 
Nooning. 
NUNCLE,s. [See Noration.] An uncle. 

Somerset. North, 
To NUNCLE, V, a. To cheaU Somerset. 

North. 
(To " Cozen," is to impose on a person by 
false appearances ; it comes from Cos, 
cousin ; as though a person, under pre- 
tence of regard arising out of relation- 
ship, gains another's confidence, and 
then betrays him ; we may fairly at- 
tribute to *' Nuncle," a similar 
origin.) 
NUNTING, adj. Awkward looking. E, Suss. 
NUNTY, euy„ [Nun, who is always dressed 
very plain.] Forby. 

Very plain and old-fashinon, applied to 
female dress only. Norf. 

NUSHED, part. pass. Starved in bringing 
up. South. Grose, BcSiey, 

NUT, adv. Not. [Corruption.] Ctaioen. 
NUT, s. The sweetbread of a calf or lamb, 
probably from its sweetneaa ; as we fre- 
quently say, ** aa sweet as a nut." Norf, 
NUT-CROME,«. [Nut and Crome, Belg. a 
claw.] A nut^hooky a stick with a crook 
at the end of it, to take hold of the 
boughs, for the purpose of pulling them 
down to gather the nuts. Norf. 

NUTHER, adv, [Corrupt pronunciation.] 
Neither. Somierset. 

NUTMUO,«. Nutmeg. Craven, 

To NUSLIN, V, a. To spend time on trifles. 



NUSUN,a{(;. Covetoua. Craven. 

(The author of the Craven dialect gives 
Nedling, Ang. Sax. a usurer, as the root 
of these words. May it not be Nurse, 
Nursle; whence Penning has Nustle, to 
fondle or cherish ; implying; the bestow- 
ing of great pains or care on anything.) 



O. 



OAF, s, [Alf, Belg. a person of weak un- 
derstanding.] A foolish fellow. North. 

South. 
OAST, «. [Gest, Sax. yeast. Yeast is in 
Hampshire called East; curds may be 
supposed to resemble yeast, from their 
coagulation and rising to the surface.] 
The curd of cheese. Craven. 

OAST, OST, OOST, s. )Haus,Germ.a 
OAST-HOUSE, HOP- S house, Heuse, 
OAST, 3 Hutch. 

(Hops were originally introduced into 
England from^ Planders, and the kibi 
for drying them on was probably called 
a Hop-heuse or house ; but now in- 
stead of saying Hop-heuse or house, 
they say Oasubouse.) A kiln for dry- 
ing hops on. Kent, E. Sussex, 
A vessel fo dry hops or malt on. BaUey. 
OAT-FLIGHT, 4. Prom its extreme light- 
ness.] The chaff of oats, much lighter 
than that of any other grain. Norf. 
OAVIS» s. [Efese, Sax. eaves.] The eaves 
of a house or other building. Somerset, 

Hants, 
OCCAMY-SPOONS, s. [Corruption of Al- 

chymy.] Genera] ; so says Grose. 
ODIOUS, oi^f. Ill-tasted, or, ill-scented. 

Norf. 
ODMENTS, ». [Odd.] 
Scraps; odd-bits ; odd things; offal. 

North. Norf. Somerset, 
O'ERLEY, s. [Over and lay.] A girth ; a 
coverlid or cloak. Craven. 

OBSTROPILOUS, adj. [Obstreperous.] 
Obstinate; resisting; disobedient. 

Somerset. Hants. 
OFF-AT-SIDE, adj. A little^ disordered in 
the mind ; Insane. North. 

OFFALMEMT, «. [Offal.] Things of no 
va lue. North, 

OFFIC E, s. [Efese, Sax.] The eaves of a 
house. Somerset, 

OLD, a4f» Great ; perhaps from the vene- 
ration paid to everything that can boast 
of antiquity. Common. Orose, 

Customary $ that is, after the habit of old 
times. Norf, Suf. 

OLD-LAND, f . Ground that has lain long 
nntilled, and is just ploughed up. North. 
In Essex the same is called New land. 
Either name is equally proper ; it may 
be an old piece of pasture, and a new 
piece of arable land. 



OLD. 



OPE. 



121 



OLD'MILK, t. Skimmed milk, in oppoai- 
tioD to new milk which has not been 
skimmed. North. 

OLD.PEG, «. Old-milk cheese, which, 
from beinf? very poor, becomes hard 
enough to be formed into pe^. North. 
The Isle of Wight cheese is called Isle of 
Wight Rock, from its hardness ; and, 
in derision of it, people say it is so hard 
they make pins to fasten their gates 
with it. 
OLD GUT AND JERKIN, s. [Old Coat 
and Jerkin.] A game at cards, called 
also Fire-cards. Somerset. 

OLD^HOCK, s. [Old and Shock, a roap^h 
dog, from Shag, shaggy.] A mischie- 
voas goblin in the shape of a great dog 
or calf, haunting highways and foot- 
paths in the dark. Norf, 
OLD-SOWS, 8. Millipedes; wood-lice. 

Nor/. 
(Perhaps from delighting in dirty places.) 
OLD- WITCH, 8. The cock-chaffer. Norf. 
(Forby thinks so called from annoying 
sonie affected ladies of a fine summer 
evening, as much as a witch could do.) 
OLF, 8. [See Blood-Olf and Gieen-OIf.] 
OLLAND, 8. [Old-land, which see.] 
Arable land, which has been laid down 
in grass, more than two years. Norf. 
OLLCT, 8. [Eld, Dan. Ignis, Grose. Per- 
haps from old.] Fuel. South. Bailey. 
OLY- PRANCE, s. Rude ; boisterous mer- 
riment ; a romping match. Northampton. 
OMNIUM-GATHERUM, s. A promis- 
cuous collection^ as though a little of 
every thing was gathered together. 

Cra»en. 

OMY, adj. [Maumy, which see.] Mellow, 

spoken of land. North. 

ON, prep. Of. " 1*11 make mich on him.*' 

North. 
<< There is an end oo*t.'* South. 

Penning says it signifies of, when used by 
contraction before it and quotes " A 
gamester has but a poor trade on*t," 
from Locke. 
ONCE, ado. At some time or other ; that 
is at some one time; though that time 
be not vet fixed. Norf. Suff. 

ONE ; TO BE AT ONE. To be consis- 
tent or determined ; that is always of one 
mind. Craven. 

ONE; *<TO BE ONE AGAIN/* is to be 
reconciled ; literally to be united again. 

Sussex, 
ONE-ANB-THIRTY, s, A game at cards 
much resembling Vingt-et-un, but of 
very venerable antiquity, says Forby, as 
it is alluded to by Bishop Latimer in one 
of his sermons. The game is won by 
making up the nqmber thirty-one, by 
drawing cards for that purpose and hence 
its name. Norf, Suff. 

Hants. 
ONELY^ adj, [A very proper word ; a 



lone person is one without a companion.] 
Lonely. Craeen. 

ONNY-BIT-LIKE, adj. [Any bit like.] 
Tolerable ; decent ; likely. Craven, 

ON^TAND, 8, [What is standing on the 
land at the time.] The rent paid by the 
in-coming to the out-going tenant of a 
farm, for such land as t^ other ilM 
rightfully cropped before leaving it* 

iVvflil* 

ON-STEAD, t. [One and Sted, Sax. a 
place.] A single farm-house. North* 

To ON-LIGHT, v, n. [To Light is to dis- 
mount ; and to ** Oa-Iight'^ may be To 
Light on the ground.] To Alight; to 
get off a horse. Somerset, 

To Unlight. HanU. 

ON-TO, prep. Upon. " I will lay this stick 

on-to you." Norf, 

To ; as " I will build the Lodge on*to the 

barn," that is adjoining to iu Sussex* 

HanU, 

ONT. Wont; Will not ; <* I ont" Somerset. 

OOL, V. aux. Will ; W is often changed 
into double O, Go ; this gives " Ooil,** 
'<Ool.*' Somerset. 

O'ON, «. [V is often dropped between two 
vowels, as Even, E'en, Ever, E'er; 
Never, Ne'er; thus Oven, O'en, O'on.] 
An oven. Northi 

OPE, 8. [Op, Isl. open.] An opening; 
the distance between boidies arranged la 
order, Somersei. 

OPE-LAND, s. Ground ploughed every 
year, and thus laid open to the sun and 
air, which is not the case with pastum* 
land. Seiuthm 

OPEN, adj\ Not spayed; spoken of a 
heifer or sow ; a spayed sow is closed np 
as it were — incapable of prodacing 
young. Norf. Sussex. Hants, 

OPER, 8. A full gkus of any thing. North. 

(We have Toper a hard drinker; and 

Topper a very full glass, or any other 

thing that is full to overflowing ; but 

whence comes Oper ?) 

To OPINION, V, n. To opine; to be of 
an opinion. Norf, 

OPPORTUNITY, ». Character; habit. 
"He is a man of strange opportunity; 
that is, a whimsical man. North, 

ORCHIT, 8. An orchard. Somersei. Hants, 

ORE ; SEA-ORE, s. [Our. Sax. Ore, sea* 
weed.] Sea« weeds washed on the shore 
by the tides. Hants, fV* Sussex, 

ORE ; ORB-WEED, s. Sea-weed or Sea- 
wrac, used for manuring land. 

S. and West. Qrose, 
The Ore, found on the Hampshire coast, 
is not used for manure. 

ORE-WEED, 8. A weed growing on the 
rocks. Penning. 

ORGANS, 8, An organ, the musical in* 
Btroment. Forby says it was formerly 
called a '* pair of organs." Noif* 

(See Pair of C^ards.) 



122 



ORN. 



OUT. 



ORLINGy 9. A itinted child^ or any ill- 
thrWiog young stock. North, 

(Can it be 'corrupted from Ailing ?) 
ORN, proiu [Or One.] Either. SotMrset, 

Orn o*nif either of them. 
ORNDORNS, f. [One-Drins, says Cfrose; 
that is, I suppose, One-Drinking;s.] Af- 
ternoon Drinkings. Cumb. 
ORN'ED, part, pass. rCorraption.] Or- 
dained ; fated. Samertei. 
ORT9 «. [Ought.] Anything. Someraet, 
ORTB, 9. [Orda, Irish, a fragment.] Frag- 
ments of victuals. Common, 
Pronounced "Aughts" in ff, Sttssex. 

Hants* 

Refuse of hay left by cattle. Craven, 

OR*RA.ONE; ONY-ONC; pron. [E*er. 

a-one ; Ever-«-one.] Any one. Somertet, 

08KEN, 9. A corruption of Ox-Oang, 

which in some places contains ten acres, 

in some more ; so says Grose. May it not 

rather be Oz-skin, from Oz. Belg. an 

Ox, and Skeina. Run. a Skin ; thus an 

\ Osken or Ox-skin of LAnd may be the 

. same as what was formerly called a Hide 

of Land ? 

7b OSS, V. a, Osse. To try ; to attempt ; 

to endeavour. North. Orose. 

To offer. Oxford, Craven. 

To offer to do ; to aim at or intend to do. 

Chesh, BaUey, 

OAT-CAKE, 9. A light cake made of oat 

flour; which is toasted and buttered 

when eaten. Hardn, 

OTEN, adv. Often. Somerset. 

OTHER-GAITS, '\ado, [Other ; and Gait, 

OTHER-GAY, (way] otherwise; dif- 

OTHER-OUISE, 4 ferently ; after another 

OTHER-GUESS, )sort. North. 

OTHERWHILES,adi'. [Other; and While, 

time*] Sometimes. SotUh. 

OTTAMY, 9. [Attomie, Scotch.] A 

skeleton ; an anatomy. North, 

** Nottamy," a very thin person all skin 

and bone. Somerset. 

OUD, ad;. [OuM, Sax.] Old. NoHh. 

OUD-ON, 9. [Gold, old, and One ] 

OUD-HARRY. [Ould and Hariy.] 

OUD-NICK. [Ould and Nicken, Dan. the 

deity of the waters.] 
OUD-SCRAT. [Ould and Scratch; the 
- Devil wounds and tears.] The Devil. 

North, 
Substituting Old for Oud, these appella- 
tions are all used in the same sense. 

South. 

OUD-SAY'D, SAY or SAW, 9. [An old 

said Say ; something said a long time 

ago.] An old saying. North, 

OUMER, 9. [Umbra. Lat, Ombre. Fr. 

shade.] The shade. North. 

To OUMER, V. a. To shadow. North, 

OUMER, s, [Greyish ; shaded.] The fish ; 

Grayling. North. 

OUMERT, adj. Shaded with trees or 

buildings. North. | 



OUP or OUPH, 9. [Alp. Belg. Elf.] An 

Elf. North. 

OURN, jDTon. [Our own.] Our's. Weti. 

OUSEN, 9. [Oz. Belg. Ossen. pi. ox, oxen.] 

Oxen. North. 

OUT, 9. [Ought] Anything. North. 

OUT and OUT, adv. Without any addition 

or drawback ; simply as it is ; as ''I sold 

him the horse out and out;" that is, I 

sold him for so much money without any 

conditions ; or without taking any other 

horse in exchange. Hants, Sussex. 

OUTS, 9. Understanding ; sense. To make 

no Outs of a person is to be unable to 

make any sense of him ; literally, unable 

to get anything out of him. Norf, 

OUTCUMLINS, 9. [Coming from without; 

not dwelling in the neighbourhood.] 

Strangers. Cra»en. 

To OUT-HOLL, v. a. [Out and H0II, Aug. 

Sax. ; hollow ; to hollow out. Forby. 

Or, Out and Haul, to haul or throw out ; 

to haul has this sense in Sussex.] To 

scour out a ditch. Norf. 

OUTEN, ado. Out of doors. NoHh. 

OUTING, 9. [Going out.] An airing; 

walking or riding out to take the air. 

NoHh. 
OUT-LAY, 9. [To lay out money.] Ex- 
penditure. Norf. Sussem. Hants. 
OUTNERS, 9. Strangers; dwellers out 
and not in a certain place. [Out, and Wer. 
Sax. a man.] Craven, 
OUTS, adv. At variance. Craven. 
OUTSHIFTS, 9. [Out and Shift; probably 
because people who live in the out- 
skirts of a town are obliged to make 
shift, or put up with any dwelling.] The 
suburbs or low parts of a town ; the neg- 
lected parts of a farm or gaftlen. Aoi/. 
OUT-SHOT, 9. [Out and Shoot j from 
shooting or jutting out beyond the main 
building, to which it is attached.] A 
Lean-to* Craven. 
OUZLE, 9. [Osle, Sax. Ousel.] A bbck- 
bird. North. 
OVEN-BIRD, 8. [The long-tailed titmouse, • 
which builds a beautiful nest, being-very 
deep, wide at the mouth and narrowing 
to the end, something like a jelly-bag. 
Its name is from the shape of the nest, 
whence it is also called a Pudding-poke's 
nest in Norfolk* In Hampshire it is 
called a Pudding's nest.] 
OVEN'S NEST, s. The nest of the long- 

tailed titmouse. 
OVER, ado. More than. 'Mt cost over a 
guinea." NoHh. South, 

OVER, adj. Important; material; that 
is over or above what is commonly re- 
quired. Exmoor. 
OVERANENT, adv, [That is at the op- 
posite end.] Opposite. Warwick. Cfloue. 
OVER-FLUSH, 9. [Over and Fluyssen, 
Belg. to flow violently.] A superfluity. 

Norf. 



OVE. 



PAC. 



123 



To OVER-GET, 9. a. [Over and Gait, Sc. 

' ; a way ; that is over-way ; go over the 

way or road faster than another.] To 

overtake. Nortfu Somenet. 

To OVER-GIVE, v. n. To thaw. Norf, 
To give. Hants, (Which see.) 

OVER-HEW, V. a. To overgrow and over- 
power as strong plants do weaker ones ; 
thus, as it were, hewing or felling them 
down. Norf, 

OVER-SWrrCHT, adj, [Over, and Switch 
a flexible twig.] Overswitcht wife is a 
woman of easy virtue. North. 

OVER-YEAR, adj* Bullocks which are 
not fatted at the proper age, but are 
kept a year longer, are called Over-year- 
bullocks. JVbr/. 

To OVER-LOOK, r. a. [Over and Look ; 
evidently alluding to the power of the 
evil eye, in former times so much 
dreaded.] To bewitch. SomerseL 

OVER-RIGHT, ado. Opposite; fronting 
to. Somerset, 

In Hampshire and Sussex we have " right* 
over" in the same sense, meaning imme- 
diately opposite. 

OVER-WHART, adv, [Over, and Twert. 
Dan. to thwart.] Across; to plough 
over-ikhart is to plough at right angles 
to th^ former furrows. Norf, 

OVER-WORN, a^'. Worn-oat; shabby 
cloaths, such as is given away to poor 
people. Norf, 

OVERS, 9, The perpendicular edge, usually 
covered with grass, on the sides of salt- 
water rivers. ^Somenei, 
(Perhaps from the banks being frequently 
undermined, consequently leaving the 
edge over-hanging the river.) 

To OWE, V. n. To possess by right. Norf, 
» OWER, Dwp. [Otter, Sai.] Over. North- 

Tb OWERGANO, o.a. [Ouer, Sax. over ; 
and Gangen. Belg. to gang or go*] To 
over-run. North. 

To OWERSAIL, v, a. To over-hang. North. 

OWERWELl^D, part, pau. [Ouer, Sax. 
▼ver; Wealtian, Ang. Sax, to welt; to 
make a border, which implies a turning 
over.] Overturned. North, 

OWL, «. A moth, so called perhaps from 
flying about at night as an Owl does. 

E, Siusex, 

To OWL ; TO TAKE OWL, v, n. To be 
offended ; to take amiss. Exmoor, 

(An Owl always looks very grave, and so 
does a person, who is offended.) 

OWLER,«. The Alder-tree. Craten, 

[Holder,Teut.] 

OWNTY, adj. Empty. Exmoor, 

OWL'S CROWN, 9, Gnaphalium sylva- 
ticum ; wood cudweed. Orose. 

OXEY, adj, [Ox'like.] Of mature age; 
no longer a Steer. Olouc. 

OX-HOUSE, s. Ox or cow stall. Exmoor. 

OX LIP, I. A flower of the primula tribe. 
[Primula elatior.] Sussex, Hants, 



OXTER, s. [Oxtan. Sax.] The armpit. 

NoHh. 

OYLET-HOLE, s. [Oeil,Fr. the eye and 
hole.] An eye-let hole ; a perforation 
in a garment to admit a lace or by way 
of ornament in trimmings and fine-work. 

Norf, Sussex, Hants, 

OYSTER OF VEAL, s. The blade bone of 
a calf when dead, dressed with the meat 
on, so called from its resemblance in 
shape to an oyster, Sussex, Hants* 



P. 



PACK-AND-PENNY-DAY, s. The last 
day of a fair, when bargains are usually 
sold. Somerset. 

PACK-GATE, s, A gate On a Pack-way 
which often lies through inclosed 
grounds. Properly a bridle-gate, that 
IS a gate through which Pack-horses or 
others may pass ; but not carriages. 

Norf. 8uff, 

PACK-MAN, s* A pedlar, from carrying a 
pack. Norf. York, SoiUh, 

PACK-RAG-DAY, s. Old Michaelmas 
day, on which servants in the country 
pack up their clothes and go to new 
places. Norf, 

PACK-WAY, s, A bridle-road, on which 
pack-horses could travel; but not car- 
riages. Norf. 

To PAD, V. a. [Paad, Sax. a foot or paw.] 
To make a path by walking on a surface, 
before nntracked, as on new-fallen snow 
or land lately ploughed. Norf. 

To PAD, V. n. To walk ; to go on foot ; as 
" I shall pad it." I shall walk. HanU, 

PAD, s. A fox's foot; a sporting term. 

Hants, Sussex. 

PAD-FOOT, «. A ghost; probably from 
Pad, a paw or cloven foot, as the Devil 
has. Cnmen* 

To PADDLE, v.n. To trample. Norf. 
To paddle about is to trample about in wet 
and dirt; generally said of children. 

Hants, Sussex, 

To PADDLE, V. n. To tipple. Exmoor. 
(To paddle is to play with water or any 
other liquid ; to tipple is to take too 
much liquor.) 

PAGE, s, A lad attending on a shepherd. 

Norf, 

PAIGLE, «. The cowslip. Norf. NoHh, 

PAIGLE-TEA, s. Tea made of cowslips, 
and considered a mild and wholesome 
soporific. Noff, North. 

PAIGLE-WINE, s. Wine made of cow- 
slips. Norf, North, 

PA1GLE,«. The ranunculus bulbosus ; the 
bulbous-rooted ranunculus. Sujf, 

PAIL-STAKE, s. A bough with many 
branches; fixed in the ground in the 
dairy yard, for banging pails on. Gteuc. 



124 



PAL. 



PAN. 



7b FALCH, V. a. To patch or mend 

clothes. Exmoor, 

To PALCHy f>. n. To walk slowly. £rmoor. 

(Fenniogf has to Pall, to coyer, to hide 

or conceal ; from PaUium, Lat. a pall 

or cloak, whence we inaj fairly derive 

Patch, to patch or mend. Penning also 

has to Pall, to impair or weaken from 

.Palla, Brit. To walk slowly implies 

weakness, hence we have the second 

Pklch. 

PADDOCK or PADDICK, *. [To Pad; 

Co walk ; and Diick. Bel;, a ditch ; frof^s 

freqaenting wet places.] A frog or toad. 

N. and 8, Gnae. Esstx, BiOtey. 

PAIR-OF-CARDS, «. A pack of cards. 

Qroiej who quotes from Ascham's Tozo- 

philns. Why not a pair of cards, as well 

as a pair of stairs ? To pair signifies to 

snit one thing to another — to resemble ; 

as well as merely to unite in couples. 

PALTRY, «. [Palt. Teut a fragment.] 

Rubbish; refuse or trash of any sort. 

Norf. 
PAME,«. A christening blanket ; a mantle. 

ExmooT* 
PAMMENT, 8. [From Pavement, a con- 
traction.] A square paving brick. Narf, 
To PAMPLE, V. n. [Trample?] To 
trample lightly. << Don't pample on the 
flower beds." Norf. 

PAN, «. [Panne, Saz. the scull] 
The hard earth below that which is moved 
by the plough. Norf, 

To PAN, Vm N. To be hardened, as the sur- 
face of some soil is by strong sunshine 
after rain. Norf, 

(From Pan, which is hardened by fire, 
the operation of (he sun on wet ground 
producing a somewhat similar result, 
only in a smaller way. In the same 
sense we say in Sussex and Hampshire, 
the ground is caked.) 
To PAN, V, fi. [Pan, Ang. Saz. A piece of 
cloth inserted into, or agreeing with 
another. Penning says Panel is a piece 
of any matter inserted among others, 
from Fanneau, Fr. a square piece of glass ; 
thus to Fan may be to square ; that is to 
fit.] To fit well ; to agree. North. 

PAN-CAKE-DAY,s. Shrove-Tuesday, the 
day on which pan-cakes were formerly 
made in most families. Norf. 

F)an-Cake Tuesday. North. 

PANCHEON, PANCHIN, PANKIN, ». 
[Pan and Klein, Teut. little; whence 
Ling« a diminutive.] 

A small pan. Norf, 

A crock or earthenware vessel lineoln. 

Panshon, an earthen bowl. York. 

PANCROCK. «. [Pan and Crock, an ear- 

then vessel.] An earthen pan. Exmoor. 

PANDAL or PANDEL, «. A shrimp. 

E, Sussex. Kent. 
PANK or PINK, «. A minnow. North. 
PANKIN, s. [Pan and Kin, a diminutive ; 



a Iambi lamb-kin.] Any small earthen 
iar. NoHh. 

PANKING, part. act. Panting. Exmoor. 
(A simple coruption.) - Hanti. 

To PANTO, V. n. [See to Pan; to fit] 
To set seriously about anything ; that is to 
fit one's self for any undertaking. North, 
PANTRON, 8, A small eartlien pan. Xtnc. 
PAR, <• [Pons, Lat. part ; to part, to sepa- 
rate; apartment, a separate room.] 
An inclosed place for domestic animals, 
particularly calves. Norf, 

PAR, 8. [Par, Lat. at par ; on an equality.] 
A pair. Craven. 

PARBREAKING, wy. Fretful. Exmoor. 
PA RC YAND, 8. Per se and— that is and of 
itself without any adjunct.] 
The figure & signifying And. North. 

To PARES, V. a. To impair. 
To give a less quantity of milk. Craven, 
(Peeran, Ang. Siaz. worse. Craven dialect. 
May it not be from to Pare, to cot 
away, to waste?) 
PARFIT, a<y. [Parfait, Fr.] 

Perfect. Norf. Somerset. York, 

PARFITLY, ado. Perfectly. Noif. Som. 

York. 
To PARQET, 9. a. To plaster the inside 
of a chimney with cement made of cow- 
dung and lime. Craven, SomerseL Suss. 
PARKIN, 8. A cake made of oatmeal and 
treacle. Craven. 

PARLOUS, a4/. [Perilous; perMous; 
par'lous.] Dangerous. Craven. 

PARPOINT, 8. [Pierre-a-point, Fr.] A 
thin wall, the stones of which are placed 
on the edge. Craven, 

PARRICK, 8. [Pearroc, Saz. a park.] 

A paddock. Somerset, 

PARTLESS, adj. In part, having some 
part less. Norf. 

PARTLET, 8. [Partlet is a name given to 
a hen, and a ruff somewhat resembles the 
feathers round a hen's neck when she is 
angry, and they are ruffled or set up.] A 
luff worn by women round the neck. 

North. Chesh. 
PAR-YARD, 8. [See Par, an inclosed 
place.] A farm yard, which is not only 
separated of itself, but contains different 
Pars .or Parts for different animals ; as 
stables for horses, stall* for cows, &c. 

Norf. 

PASH, 8. [Plash, Belg. a puddle ; whence 

comes Splash, and why not Pasb ? 

A fall of rain or snow. Craven. 

PASH, 8, Brains, from their softness. Ches. 

Mad-pash ; mad-brains. Chesh. 

To PASH, V. a. To beat with violence. 

Craven. 
To beat anything brittle into small frag- 
ments; to crush. Norf, 
PASH, 8. A great many. North. 
To beat to a Pssh ; to beat to a mash ; 
which implies beating into a great many 
small parts. North* 



PAT. 



PEA- 



125 



To PATCH-UPON, v. a. To impute blame 

rashly or wrongfully; that it to patch or 

fasten a feu It on another. Nor/. 

PATCH, CROSS-PATCH,*. An ill-natured, 

disobliging person, used chiefly by young 

girls towards each other. £. Sussex. 

(Thou scurvy " Patch," Shakespeare, means 

a paltry person, as a patched garment is 

not of much value.) 

PATE, *. A badger. North. 

PATE, t. [Patina, Lat. a pan; the skull 

is called the brain-pan.] 

The head, used generally in a ludicrous 

sense. Sussee. Hants, Common. 

2V» PAUPIN, V. n. [Pawen, Brit, to paw; 

to use the foot.] To walk awkwardly. 

Craven. 

Tb^PAUT, V, a. To kick $ as *' to Paut oflf 

the bed clothes." York, 

To paw, Vork. 

To PAUSE, V. n. To kick with the foot. 

York. 
PAVED, part. pfus. Turned hard, as a 
clayey soil is in dry weather ; as hard as 
though it were paved. Norf. 

PAWKY, adj. Arch ; cunning ; artful. 
PAT, s. A hog-pat, is a hog-trough, or any 
hollow vessel in which a hog is fed. 
(Pot, as a top is called a tap.) E. Sussex. 
PAWTS, *. [Patin, Fr. a patten] flat 
boards fastened on the feet to enable men 
to walk safely on mud or ooze. Norf, 
r (See Mud-Pattens.) 
PAX- WAX, s. The tendon of the neck. 

Orose. 
The strong tendon in the neck of animals. 

Norf. Forhy. 
To PAY, «• a. To beat ; "to thrash ; to 
strike. North. Norf. 

(Pwyaw, Welch. Craven dialect.) 
To pay ; to beat is used in an ironical 
sense in the South ; as thus if one boy 
plays another a trick, and runs away, 
the one who has been tricked, says 
when I catch you, I will pay you : that 
is, I will beatjou by way of amends for 
what you have done to me.) 
To PAY, r. a. [A sea term.] " To pay the 
decks'* is to rub them over with pitch to 
close the seams ; the seams may have 
been neglected, and pitch may be said to 
be due or owing to them, and rubbing 
them with it will be paying. Among 
sailors, there is a saying in allusion to 
this, aa follows, viz. : '* tha devil to pay 
and no pitch hot,'* 
To PAYZE, V. a, [To poize.] To force 
or raise up with a lever. Somerset. 

PEA, s. [Poids, Fr. a weight.] The weight 
which is used in weighing anything with 
the steel-yards. Hants. 

PEA-GOOSE, «. [Pea and goose ; a goose 
that is eaten at Midsummer, when peas 
are in season, is but a poor skinny crea- 
ture.] A poor, silly, iosigniflcant crea- 
ture. Norf. 



PEAKING, adj. [Pequeno, Span, liule. 

Venning.'] 
(1 ^hink rather from Peaked,sharp-pointed ; 
a sickly person has sharp angles, and is 
not round and plump as a fat, healthy 
person is. We say in Sussex and Hants 
of a sickly person, ** he looks pale and 
peaked.**) Weak ; sickly ; spoken of a 
person's constitution. North. 

To PEAL, V. a. To cool. North. 

" To peal the pot" 
To PEARR, V. n. [Perca, Lat. a perch.] 

To perch. Craven. 

PEARKERS, s. Perchers, applied to young 
rooks. Craven, 

PEAS-BOLT, s. Peas-straw. Essex. 

(A Bolt of rushes is a bundle of rushes ; 
peas, when cut, are formed into small 
parcels; these may be called Bolts; a 
Boll is a round stalk or stem.) 
PEAS-HALM, or HAWM, s. [Halm« 
Germ, straw ; peas-straw. Hants. Sussex. 
To PEASE, V. a, [Appease, as 'peach — ^im- 
peach.] To stay ; to soothe. Bailey* 
PEASEN, s.vlu. Peas. Berks. 

A friend of the author's once saw a board 
stuck up in a peas-field, in Berkshire, 
with these lines thereon, viz. : 

** Shut the gate after you. III tell yoa the reaioii. 
Becauae the i^gs should not get hito the Feaaaa/* 

PEASlPOUSE,s. [ Peas and Possy; Posae- 
comitatus, is the power of levying a 
county en masse, bringing together a 
great number of people ; hence Possy 
means a confused or mixed multitude of 
things or persons ; peas and beans are a 
mixture.] Peas and beans grown together 
as a crop. Gloue. 

PECK , s. [Pocca, Sax. a bag.] 

Four gallons. Craven. 

PECKISH, odty. Hungry; disposed to be 
pecking. Norf, 

Dainty ; not having a strong appetite, and 
therefore inclined to peck a little here 
and there. Hants. 

PECURIOUS, adj. Very minutely, and 
scrupulously exact. Norf. 

PED, s. A pannier ; a large wicker basket, 
with a lid to it ; a pair of Peds signifies 
two, one on each side of a horse for car- 
rying eggs, butter, &c., to market. Forhy, 

Norf. 
A hamper; a basket. ^«fiiitii^« 

(Ped has clearly the same origin as 
Pedlar, and the same signification; a 
Pedlar being a dealer in small wares, 
and a Ped, the thing in which those 
wares are carried. Now, Penning says 
Pedlar is a contraction of petty-dea- 
ler, hence Pet, from Petit, Fr. petty, 
will be the little article dealt in. In 
Hampshire and Sussex, a Pedlar's pack 
is called his Pad. I agree with Penning, 
for many strange contractions take place, 
as witness the following. In West 
Sussezy was in ancient times, a family 



128 



P£D. 



PEG. 



hj the name of De AUa Ripa, the pre- 
sent name is Dawtry, let us trace it as 
thas ; D'alt'Ripa, Daltripa, Daltry ; 
substitute w for 1^ as is frequently done, 
and you have Dawtry.] 
PED'BELLY, 9, A round and protuberant 
C belly likea Ped. Narf. 

PEDDER, 9. A pedlar, one who carries 
wares in a Ped. Norf, 

PEDDERS' WAY, 9. A load Uild down in 
old maps of Norfolk, by which Pedders 
formerly trayelled. The same probably 
as a Pack-Gate, or Way (which see.) 
PEDDLE, «. Employment. Craven. 

To PEE, V. n. To look with one eye. North. 
(Is it from Peep ? To peep, says Penning;, 
is to look through a hole or crevice 
slily; this is generally done with one 
eye.) 
To squint. North* 

PEEO, part, pan. Blind with one eye. 

North. 
PEEAT, 9. Peat. North. 

PEEAT-PAN, «. A very hard stratum be- 
low the Peat, impenetrable by trees, and 
holding water like a pan. Noith. 

PEEK, 9, A prong or pitchfork, so called 
because it is peaked at the point. 

Exmoor, 

PEEL, 9. [Pelle-k-four, Fr. an oven peel.] 

A broad thin board with a long handle, 

used by bakers to put their bread into, 

or draw it out of, the oven. 

Sometimes made of iron. At^ oven-peel. 

Mant9. 
PEELINGS, 9, The rind of apples, tur- 
nips, or potatoes, which has been peeled 
off. Norf. Hants. Su99ex. 

PEEL, 9. A pillow or boltster. 8omer9et, 

(Peluwe, Belg. a pillow.) 
PEEPER, 9, [To Peep.] A looking glass. 

BaMey. 
The eye, ironically speaking. Hants. 

To PEER, V, n. To appear. 8ofner9et, 

PEEVISH, adj. [Perverse. Junius.] 

Witty; subtle. North. 

PEE-WEE, adj. [From the sound uttered 
by a chiki, when whimpering.] 
Whining and whimpering. Norf. 

7b P£E-WIC,v. n. To peak and pine. 

Norf. 

To PEEZE, V. fu [Pisser, Fr. to make 

water.] To ooze out ; said of a cask that 

leaks. E. Sussex. 

To PEFF, V. n. [Peff, Belg. a puff.] 

To cough short and faintly, as sheep do. 

North. 
PEFFIN, adj. Troubled with a short 
cough. North, 

To PEG-AWAY, v. n. To eat or drink vo- 
raciously, as when a person is very hun- 
gry or thirsty. Hants. Lmeoln, Sussex, 
To do any kind of work earnestly or 
quickly. Hants, Sussex. 

(In ancient times, when drinking bouts 
were more in fashion than at present, 



the, liquor was handed round in a 
wooden vessel, marked at different dis- 
tances from the bottom with pegs ; each 
drinker in his turn drank as much as 
would reduce the liquor down to the 
next peg below ; hence comes^the saying 
" to take down a peg," that is to lower 
a person ; to peg-away, is to drink fast, 
so as to lower the liquor in the vessel 
very quickly.] 
ToVKG, V. a. To thump with sharp 
knuckles, which somewhat resemble 
pegs. Norf. 

PEG-TRANTUM, s. [Peg, a woman's 
name, and Tranty, (Forby) a wise and 
forward child.] (Is it corrupted from 
Rant, Rantipole ?) 

A galloping, rantipole girl. Nor/m 

PELL, s. [Pool, from palus, Lat. Why not 

Pell as well as Pool ?] A broad, shallow 

piece of water, larger than a pond, and 

smaller than a lake. E. Sussex. 

To PELL, V. a. To wash into Pells or 

Pools, as water does when it flows very 

violently; not applied alwajs to the 

making of large boles. E. Sussex* 

"To Pell away*' is to wash away the 

ground bv the force of water. E. Sussex. 

PELSY, s, [To Pelt] Cold rain or sleet. 

Craven. 
PELT, 9, A game at cards, somewhat like 
whist. Norf, 

PEN, 9. [Penna, Lat. a feather.] 

A feather. North. 

PEN-BANK, 9. A beggar's can. North. 
To PEND, V. a. [Pendeo, Lat. to hang; to 
impend.; to hang over.] 
To press or pinch ; the shoe " pends" 
here. Norf. 

To incline or lean ; the wall " pends" this 
way. Norf. 

PEND, 9. The tender point. DUto. 

PENMAN, 9. A clerk ; any one who uses 
a pen, as a justice's clerk, an auction- 
eer's writer, &c. Norf. 
To PENSE, V. n. [Penser. Fr. to think ; 
that is to think too deeply on many things 
makes a person fret about them.] 
To be fretful. Norf. 
PENSY, aif. Fretful; uneasy. DUto* 
PEN-STOCK, 9. [To Pen; to close up; 
and Stock, a quantity of anything.] 
A kind of floodgate, made to lift up or 
down, for the purpose of keeping the 
water in a mill-pond, or to let it off, if 
occasion requires it. Hants. 
PENNIN, s, [Pennan, Sax. to coop up.] 
The inclosed place where oxen and other 

animals are fed and watered. 
Any temporary place erected to contain 
cattle. Somerset. 

PENNY-STANE, s. [Pena, Sw. flat; Stane, 
Sax.] A flat stone, circular, used for a 
quoit. Craven. 

PERCEIVANCE, s. The faculty of per- 
ception; aptitude to learn. Norf. 



PER. 



PIC. 



127 



7b PERISH^ V. a. To destroy. Shakes- 
peare uses it in this sense. Norf. 
To PERK, V. n. [Percber. Fr. to perch.] 

To perch. Norf. 

To PERK-UP, V, a. To lift up the head 
or appear liyely. Bailey, 

To lift op the head arrogantly or disdain- 
fully. E, Sussex. 
PERKy a4f. Proud ; affected. Craven, 
Brisk ; lively ; proud ; as Perk as a pea- 
cock. * Norf, 
PERKyf. A perch. DUto, 
A wooden frame, against which sawn tim- 
ber is set up to dry ; so called from its 
resemblance to a perch in a bird's cage. 

Norf. 
TbPERK, V. a. [To Prick.] To prick up 
as the horse ** perks" up his ears. 

E, Sussex. 
PERSA VANCE, s, [Perceiyance, per- 
ceive.] Foiesight; idea. Craveiu 
PERRAMMLE, s, [Perambulo. Lat. to 
perambulate.] Circumlocution ; pre- 
face. Craven, 
PERRY, s. A little cur-dog. North. 
PERRY-DANCERS, s. [Peri, Pers. fairy.] 
The Northern-Lights, which flit and 
dance about, like Fairies. Norf, 
PESS, «. A hassock to kneel on at church. 

Norf. 
PESTLE OF PORK, «. [Perhaps from the 
principal bone rather resembling a 
Pestle.] A leg of pork. Exmoor. 

PET, 8. [Petit. Fr. small, a word of endear- 
ment.] A favourite of any kind ; a 
domesticated lamb; a humoured child; 
an indulged lap-dog ; a hobby of any 
tort whether animate or inanimate. 

North. South. 
PET, s. A Pit. E. Sussex. 

To PET, «. a. To indulge unreasonably ; 
to be foolishly fond of. North, South. 
PETERMAN, s. [St. Peter having been a 
fisherman.] A fisherman. Suff, Thames, 
PETER-BOAT, s. A small kind of fishing 

boat, used on the River Thames. 
PETITION, s. An adjuration. Norf 

PETMAN, s, [Petit, Fr. small.] The 
smallest pig in a litter. Norf. 

In Sussex and Hants, called the Darling. 
PETTICOAT, «. [Petit, Fr. small and coat.] 
A man's waistcoat ; by no means an inap- 
propriate name. Ray. 
PETTr-£, adj. Pettish. North, 
PEW, s. The udder of a cow, particu- 
larly when dressed. Glouc. 
Shall I help you to some of the pew? 

Exmoor. 
P£YL, 8, [Pylen, Belg.] A peal ; noise. 

Craven, 

To PEYL, V. a. To beat. Craven, 

PEYS, 8. [Poit, Fr.] Peas. Craven. 

PHEESY, ady. Fretful ; querulous ; irri- 

table ; sore. Shakespeare uses the verb 

Pheese in the " Taming of the Shrew." 

Norf. Forby. 



Penning has to Pheese, to curry or comb ; 
Curry-combing a person, would be apt 
to make him sore and irritable. 
PICK, s. An emetic ; which picks or culls 
the foul things out of the stomach. 

North, 

To PICK-UP, V. n. To vomit. North, 

To PICK-UP, v.n. To improve gradually 

in health, that is picking-up or culling 

health by little and little. Sussex, Hants* 

PHILANDERING, pmt. act. [Philander, 

making love.] Norf, 

PICK, 8. [Pic, Pique, Fr. a peak or pike.] 

A pick-axe. North, 

A two pronged fork, used chiefly for 

making hay ; a pike ; a pitch-fork. 

Somerset. 

Diamonds at cards. York, 

Pick-ace ; the ace of diamonds. York, 

** Picks ;" spades at cards« North. 

To PICK, V. a, [Apicciare. Ital. to pitch.] 

To pitch ; to throw down ; to push or 

shove with the arms or body ; as *' he 

picked me down.*' North* 

To throw upwards. North, 

PICK-CHEESE, s. The titmouse. Norf, 

PICK-PIE-OWER, s. [To pitch-feet-over.] 

A somerset. Craven, 

To PICKLEy V. a. [A dimin. of to Pick.] 

To glean a field a second time when of 

course but little can be picked up. Norf, 

A PICKLE, 8, [See Pick.] A hay-prong. 

PICKLIN, 8, [Picked, Lin. Linum, Lat. 

flax^ flax-pickings.] A sort of very 

coarse linen of which seedsmen make 

their bags — dairy-maids their aprons, 

&c. Norf. 

PICKSEY, 8. A fairy. Devon. 

PICKSEY-STOOL, s, A mushroom. 

J^etttM 

PICKINO-HOLE, 8. [Perhaps Packing.] 

A hole in a barn to receive sheaves of 

com. North. 

PIE, 8, The heap of earth and straw piled 

over potatoes to protect them from frost. 

Norf. 
(The earth, &c,, forming a crust, as that 
of a pie does over the fruiu) 
PICKISH or PICKSOME, a<{/. [See 

Peckish.] 

To PIE ; to make a Pie, is to combine to* 

gether in order to make a lucrative con* 

tract. Parties are thus in one bod^ at 

the ingredients of the pie are united 

within one crust. Craven. 

PIE-BRIDAL, 8, A Pie made on the occa» 

sion of a wedding, for a description of 

which, see Craven dialect. 

PIE- WIPE, 8. [Prom the sound tliebird 

utters.] The lap-wing, or peewit. Norf. 

To PIFLE, V. a. [Peufe, Norm, pelf, 

whence pilfer.] To steal. Craven. 

To PIFFLE. Baaey. 

To PIQIN, V. n. To crowd into a small 

space, as pigs, when they sleep, huddle 

close together. Sussex. Hants. 



128 



PIG. 



PIL. 



PIGGIN, «. [Pii;:. Brit, little.] A small 

pail or tub with an erect handle. North, 

PIGS-HALES, «. Haws; the frait of the 

white thorn. Somerset. 

Hogs-haghes. Hants. 

PIG-HEADED, a4j. Obstinate; as pigs 

generally are. North. HanU- Sussex, 

PIG-HUL, s. [Pig and Uoll. Sai. a hole.] 

A pig^stye. North, 

PIG-LEAVES^ s. The cotton-thistle. North, 

Pi^s being fond of thistles. 
PJG'S-LOOSE or LOOZE, s. A pig-stye. 

Devon, Somerset, 

PIG-TAIL, s. A brthing candle, from its 

resemblance in diminutiveness. The 

watching the Pig-tail was a superstitious 

ceremony on St. Mark's Eve. A party 

of males and females placed on the floor 

a lighted Pig-tail, which must have been 

stolen. They then sit down in solemn 

silence and watch attentively the taper. 

When it begins to burn blue; the person 

they are respectively to marry will make 

his appearance and walk across the 

room. Craven, 

On Midsummer night young servant girls 

try the experiment of seeing their future 

husbands in W. Sussex, though after a 

different fashion ; they hang their under 

garments down by a fire to air, and at 

midnight the predestined lovers come 

and turn them. This was practised, as 

the author knows, not twenty years 

ago. (18S5.) 

To PIKE, o. a. To pick. Craven, 

PIKE, s, A large cock of hay, which is 

raised np to a Peak. Craven. 

PIKE-OFF, nUerJ, Begone; ''Shoulder 

your Pike, and be off." Norf, 

PIKEL, s, [Pike.]. A prong or fork. Shrop, 

PIKE, t. A turnpike road. Sussex, 

PIKER, 8, A tramp, one who is always on 

the road. ''Cadgers and Pikers." 

E, Sussex, 

PILCH, PILCHER,!. [Pellis.Lat. a skin.] 

A flannel wrapper for an infant. Somerset. 

Norf. 
Penning has Pilcher ; any coat or garment 
made of skins or lined with fur ; a furred 
gown. 
PILE, 8, [Pilus. Lat. a hair.l A blade of 
grass. North. 

PILGER, 9. A flsh-spear. Norf. 

FILLINGS, s. [Pellis. Ut. a skin.] Par- 
ings; peel; as, Potato-pillings. 

Craven. 
To PILL, ». a. [Peler, Fr.] To peel. 

Penning. 

PILL-COAL, 8. A kind of Peat, dug most 

commonly out of rivers ; peat obtained 

at a great depth beneath a stratum of 

clay. Somerset. 

(Pool ?) 

PILLERDS, s. [Pilus, Lat is a hair, hence 

comes a pile ; Barley has sharp points. 

Hoe, like hair. Barley thua may be said 



to be Piled, whence by an easy transition 
comes Pillerd, Pillerds.] 
Barley. CornwaU, 

PILM, s. [Film.] Dust, or rather fine dust, 
which readily floats in air. Somerset. 

Devon, 

PILMER, 8. A shower of rain, small, and 
thick as dust. Devon, 

PILRAG, 8. A field ploughed up and neg* 
lected. ^ E, Sussex. 

PIMGENET, s, [Corruption of Pomegra- 
nate.] A small red pimple from its re- 
semblance to a Pomegranate in colour, 
or in shape. Not/. 

PIMPLE, s. The head. Norf. 

PINCH, PINCHER, PINCH-GUT, are 
words in common use for very parsimo- 
nious, over-reaching, or covetous per- 
sons. 

PINE, s, [Pin. Sax. pain.] Difficult NoHh, 

To PING, V. a. To push. fVest^ 

[Pyng, Su. Goth, labour.] 

PINGLE, s. A small croft or field. North. 

PINGZWILL, s. A boil. Exmoor, 

To PINGLE, V. a. [Epingle, Fr. a pin.] 
To pick one's food as though using a 
pin for the purpose ; to eat squeamishly. 

Norf, 

PINK, s, [From the sound it utters.] A 
chaffinch. Somerset, 

To PINK, t>. a, [Pinken, Belg.] To con- 
tract the eye ; to wink. Craven. 
To Pinker. Hants, Susses, 

PINGOT, s. [Pindan, Sax. to shut up.] 
A small croft near the house. JLane, 

To FINN, V. n. To do a thing in haste or 
eagerly. Lane. 

PINNING, 8. [Pindan, Sax. to inclose or 
confine.] The low masonry which sup- 
ports a frame of stod-:work. Norf, Forty, 
Ground-Pinning, Under-Pinning, is the 
masonry which supports the wooden 
frame work of a building and keeps it 
above the ground. Hants. Sussex^ 

PIN OF THE THROAT, s. The uvula, 
which assists or opposes the swallowing 
of food. Norf, 

PIN - PANNIERLY, PIN - PANNISHLY 
FELLOW, 8, A covetous, miserly 
fellow, who Pins up or fastens his Pan- 
niers so close that no one can get any- 
thing out of them. North, 

PINNOLD, 8. A small bridge. Sussex, 

PIN-PATCHES, PIN.PAUNCHES,s. The 
shell fish winkle or perriwinkle. Norf, 

PINTLEDY-PANTLEDY, adv. Quickly, 
in a hurried manner, as through fear. 
My heart went pintledy, pantledy. Line, 

PINNOCK, «. [Pindan, Sax. to inclose.] 
A brick or wooden tunnel placed under 
a road to carry off the water. E. Sussex. 

PIN-WING, 8. The pinion of a fowl. Norf, 

7b PIP, V, n. To take offence at any- 
thing. Exmoor. 

PIPPERIDGEy 8. The Barberrv tree. 

£<»«. Norf, 



PIT. 



PLE. 



129 



PISSMOTEy 8, [CoRuption of PiimSre.] 
Ad Ant. Lane. 

PISTERING, part. act. Whiipering:. 

Exmoor, 

To PIT, V. a. To back ; as '< I will pit him 

against yoa ;'* taken I sappoae from the 

language of the cock-pit Sussex, Hants, 

To PITCH, V, a. To take corn, hay or straw 

on a fork or prong, and pat it on a wagon. 

Norf, Hants. Sussex, 

To PITCH, 17. a. To lay unhewn and un- 

shaped stones together, so as to make a 

road or way. Somerset, Hants, 

In a street the smooth flat stones on which 

persons walk -are called the payemeut — 

the rough stones, on which horses 

travel, the pitching. Hants, 

PITCHER, s. The labourer, who pitches 

the corn. Norf, .Hants, Sussex, 

PITCHFORK, s. The fork with which the 

com is pitched* Norf. Hants, Sussex, 

To PITCH, V, a. To make holes in the 

ground for the purpose of putting in 

stakest for fastening hurdles to^ or the 

pointed ends of wattles. HaiUs, 

PITCH, PITCH-BAR, «. A pointed bar of 

iron for making holes in the ground ; a 

crow-bar. South, 

To Pitch, is to throw headlong, implying 

force or strength ; the various words, 

here collected, all imply the necessity 

of some degree of force. 

PIT'HOLE, s. The grave. Somerset. Norf. 

PlTLEor PICLE, s, [Piccolo. Ital. Little.] 

A small piece of inclosed ground ; a croft. 

Norf. North. 

To PITTER, V. n. [Pity?] To grieve 

piteottsly: **Piltering and pining." 

Norf, 
To PIX, PIXY, V, a. [Picken, Sax. to pick.] 
To pick up apples after the main crop is 
gathered. Norf, 

PIXY, s. A Fairy. Exmoor, 

PiXY-LED, part, pass. Led astray by 
pixies. Exmoor. 

PLACKET, s. A pocket, more particu- 
larly a woman's pocket. Norf. 
[Plaquet, a petticoat.] Fenninff* 
PLANCHER, s. A plate. Notf, 
Perhaps from Plancher, a piece of board, 
the same as Trencher. 
PLANCHER, s. [Planche^ Fr. a plank ] 
A boarded floor. Norf, Forby. 
The chamber floor. Norf, Grose, 
PI4ANCHING, s. A wooden floor. Devon, 
PLANETS, BY PLANETS, adv. Irregu- 
larly ; capriciously ; in the same sense 
as a crazy person is said to be moon- 
struck. The rain falls in planets, means 
it falls partially. Norf. York. 
PLANTS,^To water her PlanU, is to shed 
tears. Craven, 
PLASAD,dufv. In a floe condition. Exmoor. 

[Placeo. Lat. to please.] 
To PLAW, V, a. To parboil. Norf. 

PLAW, ». A slight boiling. Norf, 



PLAT, s, [Plot. Sax.] A place. Cranfen. 
PLATTY, adj. Uneven ; having bare spots, 
as flelds or corn sometimes have. E. Suss* 
To PLAY, V. a. To boil, spoken of a kettle, 
pot, or other vessel full of liquor. Play- 
ing hot; boiling hot. Norf. Grose. 
May it not be from the lively motion of 
liquor, when boiling ? 
PLAZEN, s. Places. Somerset. 
C and S are often pronounced as Z in 
Somersetshire, and en is the plural ter- 
mination of Saxon words as chick, 
chicken; child, children. 
PLEAWM-TREE, s, [Plyme, Sax. a 
plum.] A plum 'tree. Lane. 
PLECK, s. A place. North. 

Ang. Sax. Tim. Bobbin. 
PLECE, s. A place. North. 

To PLEEAN, V. ft. To complain; to tell 
tales. Crasten. 

(Plaindre, Fr. or Plain, to complain.) 
PLEEAN-PIE, s. A telltale. Cratfen. 

To PLEEOS, V. a. To please. Lane. 

To PLENNY, V. n. [Plaindre, Fr. to com- 
plain.] To complain fretfully; sick 
children are said to plenny. Norf. 

PLEZZER, s. Pleasure. Craven, 

PLIF, s. A plough. York. 

Supposing Plough were pronounced as 
Enough and Rough, (and I know no 
reason why it should not) then Plif would 
not be a great corruption. There is an 
old story that, when a young clerk wai 
reading before a certain Ix>rd Chan- 
cellor, be came to the word Enough 
and pronounced it Enow ; the Chan- 
cellor rebuked him observing that all 
words ending in *' ough" were pro- 
nounced of ; the Clerk replied '' I 
stand corrected, my Lord." Presently 
the Qerk come to the word '' Plough," 
and pronounced it '< Fluff." The 
Chancellor saw his error, and feeling the 
rebuke, observed to the Clerk, ** I sit 
corrected." 
To PUM, V, n. [Plump.] To swell ; to 
increase in bulk. Somerset. 

PUSHED, part, pass. [Plucian, Sax. to 
pluck.] Excoriated. Craven. 

To PLOAT, V, a. [Plyte, Dalm. a pluck.] 
To pluck. North. 

To PLODGE, V. n. To plunge. North. 

PLOOK, s. A pimple. North. 

PLOG, s. [Plug, a stopple.] A clog. Hants. 
PLOUGH, s. The cattle or horses used for 
ploughing ; also a wagon with horses or 
oxen ; a wagon. Somerset. 

PLOUM, s, A plum. Ctaven. 

To PLOUNCE, 17. n. [Plonsen,, Bclg. to 
flounce.] To plunge with a loud noise. 

Norf. 

PLOW DING, part, act. [To plod ; to toil.] 

Wading through thick and thin. North. 

PLUCK, s. The lungs. Lane. 

The lungs, liver, and heart of a lamb 

or sheep. Hants. Sussex. 



ISO 



PLU. 



POD. 



When a butcher has killed a sheep or 
lamb, betakes off the head, with the 
windpipe, heart, liver and lungs alto- 
gether, plucking out the latter, as it 
were, by means of the windpipe which 
connects them together ; the whole is 
called the headend pluck. Hants, 

Sussex, 
PLUQGY, adj. Short, thick and sturdy ; 
perhaps like a plug. Norf. 

PLUM, PLUMB, adj. Exactly square or 
upright ; being proved so by the plumb 
or lead-line. Norf, 

PLUM, adv. Very ; as plum pleasant ; very 
pleasant — quite pleasant as though 
proved by a plumb line, or measure. KenL 
PLUMB, fiki;. [Pluma. Lat. a feather.] Soft 
or light. Devon* 

PLUMPENDICULAR, adj. Perpendi- 
cular. Norf, 
(By no means a bad word, deriving it from 
Plumb — plumb-line, and pendeo, Lat. 
to hang; that is to hang perpendicu- 
larly, as a line does with a piece of lead 
at the end of it.) 
PLUMP, adj. When the paths, after rain, 
are almost dry, they are said to be 
Plump, that is, the earth has just moisture 
enough to fill up all the crevices and 
thus make it plump. Kent. 
PLUMP, s. A pump. Exmoor, 
PLUNKY, adj. Short, thick, and heavy. 

N(rrf. 
(Skinner says. Blunt is derived from 
Plomp, Belg. plump, and if correct, 
why not Plunky, from the same ?) 
PLUNT, s, [See Plunky.] A walking stick 
with a large knob. Gltmc, 

To POACH, V, n. To be soft in conse- 
quence of wet ; being generally said of 
ground which is too wet to bear cattle 
on it. Sussex, Hants, 

(It seems to own the same origin as the 
woid to poach applied to eggs. Oeufs, 
poche, Fr. signifying, according to Pen- 
ning, that they are slightly boiled, that 
is, not boiled hard.) 
POACHY, adj. Wet and soft. Sussex. Hants. 
POAD-MILK, s. The first milk taken from 
the cow after she has calved, and which 
is generally given to the hogs. B. Sussex, 



POBS, s. Pottage. 

POCK-ARR'D, adj. 

POCK-BROREN. 

POCK-FREDDEN. 

POCK-FRETTEN. 

POCK-MARKED. 



Craven, 

North. 

Norf 

Sotnerset, 

Norf, Sussex. Hants, 

Hants, 



These words have all one meaning which 
is the being marked by the small-pox. 
Pock-arr'd may be pock-scarred) Pock- 
broken, the face being cut or broken 
into small holes by the Pock. Pock- 
f redden or fretten, the face somewhat 
resembling fret-work. 
To POD, V, a. To put down awkwardly. 

No^'th, 



POD, s. An ironical name for a large belly. 

Sussex. Hants. 
POD, s. The body of a cart. B, Sussex. 
POD-BELLIED, adj, Round-bellied. 

Sussex, Norf, 
PODDY, adj. Round and stout in the belly. 

Sussex. Norf. 
All these words seem to imply something 
stout and unwieldy, and swelling out 
like a pod or capsule of a plant. A 
person who is pod-bellied willKenerally 
find it rather awkward to stoop to put 
anything down. 
PODGER, s, A platter or pewter dish. 

Exmoor. 
To PODGE, V. a. To stir and mix together. 

Norf. 
On a platter or pewter dish meat and vege- 
tables were formerly served up together 
in farm-houses. Penning has Podge, a 
puddle. Hodge-podge. 
To POG, V. a. To thrust with the fist ; to 

push. 
POG, s, A push ; an obtuse blow. Somerset. 
POG RIM, s. Any sort of fanatic, affecting 
much seriousness and sanctity. Norf. 
Fogram, an antiquated formalist. Forby. 
[Grim, sullen; but whence comes Po ?] 
POHEAD, s. A tadpole. North. 

Musical notes, so called from the resem- 
blance some of them bear to Tadpoles. 
To play by the Poheads is to play by 
the notes. North* 

To POIT, «. a. To push with the feet ; to 
stir the fire. Craven. 

POIT, s, A poker. Craven. 

POIT, aey. More than pert ; assuming an 
air of importance. Norf. 

POKE, s, [Poche, Fr. pocket, Pocca. Sax. 
sacculus, a little sack, Forby.] A sack 
or bag. North. Grose. 

A bag ; a pudding-poke ; a flour-poke ; a 
work- poke. Norf. 

A large kind of bag, as a Hop-]3oke used 
for bringing home the undried hops 
from the garden to the kiln. E. Sussex, 

Kent. 
POKE-CART, s. ^ A miller's cart, because 
POKING-CART, Sit is frequently laden 
POKER, 3 with Pokes or bags. 

Norf 

" To go a poking," is to carry to, or fetch 

from, a mill, a grist, which is generally 

in a bag or Poke. Norf. 

POKE-DAY, *. The day on which the 

allowance of com is made to labourers^ 

who in some places, receive part of 

their wages in com. Norf. 

POKED, a4i» Consumptive ; said of sheep 

subject to this disease, because thcty 

generally have a poke or bag under the 

jaw. Crenfen. 

To POKE, V, n. To point the head forward 

in a stiff awkward way. Sussex. Hants. 

To POKE, V. n. To thrust; as, " The cow 

poked him with her horns.** Suss. Hants, 



POL. 



POP. 



181 



POLLARD, t. [Polos. Gr. the head. Poll^ 
from their being polled.] Old trees, 
either elma, oak, ash, or willows, ti hose 
trunks are allowed to ran up to a certain 
height, without branches below, but 
forming a thick head of boughs above, 
which every few years are cut off and 
then allowed to shoot again. HanU, 

IV, Sussex, 

POLL-AXE, s, A sort of axe, used by 

butchers for knocking bullocks on the 

head with, or for killing horses. Hants, 

fV. Sussex. 
POLLER, POLLEN, POLLINGER, s. 
(See Pollard.) A pollard-tree. Norf, 

POLLEN, POLLER, or HEN-POLLEN, 
s» The hen-roost* Norf. according to 
Orose. though Forby has it not. [Pro- 
bably from Pole, poultry roosting on 
perches] 
POLLRUMPTIOUS, adj. Restive ; unruly. 

KerU, 

[Is it from Poll, and Romp ; a romping 

girl being rather disorderly ?] 

POLT, s. A hard driving blow. Norf. 

A polt in the head is a blow in the head. 

Sussex. Hants. 
[is it from Poll, head ? or from Poltern ?] 
POLTING-LUG, s. [Poltern, Teut. to pelt.] 
A long slender-rod, used in beating ap- 
ples, &c,, off the trees. Ohuc. 
POLT, adj. Saucy ; audacious. Keni, 

[Poltron, Fr. a scoundrel.] 
POLT, s, A young turkey, just fit to be 
killed, is called a turKey-polt, perhaps 
from Poulet, Fr. a hen. Hants. W, Suss, 
To POMSTER, V, a. To tamper with, par- 
ticularly in diseases ; to quack. Somerset, 
[Can it be from Pomp and Stir — empirics 
often assuming a pompous air ?] 
POSTED, peart, pass. Bruised with inden- 
tations. Somerset. 
To POO, V. a. [Scotch.] To pull or pluck. 

Craven. 

*' To Poo a Crow ;" to deprive a person of 

his assumed pretensions, i. e., to pluck 

from the daw his borrowed plumes. 

POO, s. A pool. Lane. 

To POOCH or POUCH, v. a. [Poche, 

Fr. a. pocket.] To pout out the lips. 

E. Sussex, 

To POOCH EE, V, n. To make mouths at 

a person* Exmoor. 

POO'D, pret. of to Poo. Pulled. North. 

POOR, s, [See Poke.] The belly or stomach, 

J ' a veil. Somerset, 

POOK, s. A cop of hay or corn. fVest. 

[See to Pook.J A stroke or push. E. Suss. 

To POOK, V, a. To put together ; as, " pock 

\ that straw all up into a heap." Hants. 

Hence the hay or corn, so put together 

becomes a Pook. To strike or touch. 

E, Sussex, 
To POON or PUN, v. a. To kick. North. 
[Is it a corruption of Upon, Pon ? to fall 
upon a person is to beat him.] 



POOPS, t. [Probably from the noise.] 

Gulps in drinking. North, 

FOOTING, part, act, [To pout, as children, 

when crying, pout their lips.] Crying. 

North. 
FOOTS, s. [See Polt.] Yonug hens, &c. 

£mc. 
POP, «* A short space. Lane. 

To POPIN, V. n. To go into any place for 
a short time, as I just popp'd in. 

Lane, South. 
These words imply something small, de- 
rived most probably from Pop, a sudden, 
quick, and short *sound, which again is 
derived from the sound itself. 
POPE, s. An effigy, burned on the fifth of 
November. Craven. 

In the South, a A^ure, so burned, is called 
a Guy Fawkes in commemoration of the 
Gunpowdor Plot, in which the said 
Guy Fawkes formed a conspicuous part. 
As the Papists were accused of being the 
authors of the plot, the Pope was 
burned for the same end ; but, as there 
seems much reason to believe the whole 
affair was got up for the purpose of 
throwing odium on the Catholics ; and, 
as Catholics are now very wisely freed 
from the shackles with which they were 
so long and so ignominiously bound, 
it is high time to consign the whole 
affair to oblivion. 
POPPET, s. LPoppe, Teut. a puppet.] A 
puppet. Norf, 

A term of endearment used towards a child* 

Hants, Sussex. 
POPPIN, s. [Poppe, Teut.] A puppet. 

Norf. 
POPPIN-SHOW, s. A puppet-show. Norf. 
POPPLE, s, [Populus, Lat.J A poplar- 
tree. Norf 
POPPLE, s. A cockle. North. 
To POPPLE, V, n. [Pop.] To tumble 
about with a quick motion as dumplins, 
for instance, when the pot boils briskly. 

Norf. 

A poppling sea is when the water rises and 

falls with a quick, sudden, motion, as it 

does in a pot when boiling. E, Sussex. 

POPPLE, s. A pebble, that is, a stone 

worn more or less smooth and round by 

the action of the waves of the sea ; in 

other words it has been popped, or pop- 

pled about. fVest. 

FOR, s. A poker or salamander. North. 

Grose. 
PORKER, s, A young hog fatted for the 
purpose of being killed, to be eaten as 
roast pork, that is, not to be salted down 
at all. Hants. Sussex. 

Such hogs are generally killed at the com- 
mencement of the autumn, and the meat 
forms a favourite dish at many fairs in 
the country, as at Giles' Hill, near Win- 
chester ; Warehorn, Kent, and Croydon, 
Surrey. 



182 



POS. 



POT. 



PORKLINO, s. [A dimiD.] A small 

porker. Norf, 

PORRIWIGGLES, «. Tadpoles. North. 

Forby has Pur> wiggy. Aoy/. and says it 

is a corruption of Perriwig, which, 

when it has a tail, resembles a tadpole. 

POSE, 8, A running of the head or nose 

from a cold. South, Orose. 1 never 

heard it myself, in Hampshire^ Sussei, 

or Kent. 

A catarrh or cold in the bead. Norf, 

Forby quotes Strype to shew that Queen 

Elizabeth was troubled with a Pose. 

To POSE, V. a. [Positus, Lat. placed — a 

person* who is posed, being posited or 

placed in such a position by another's 

argument as to be unable to move.] To 

confound one in ai^gument ; to perplex or 

confound with a difficult question. 

Sussex, Hants, Penning. 

POSER, «« One who puzzles or confounds 

another, or the question or argument, by 

which another is confounded. Sussex, 

Hants, Fenning. 

POSNET or POSNIT, s, [Basinet, Fr. a 

small basin.] A little basin or porringer. 

Fenning. 
Asnmll iron pot with a handle on the side. 

Qrose, 

A boiler. Craven, 

POSSE, s. [Posse comitatus. the writ by 

which the Sheriff raises the inhabitants of 

a county.] A great multitude of people, 

promiscuously gathered together. 

Norf, Suff, Hants, Sussex, 

POSSING, 8. [Pousser, Fr. to push.] An 

action between thrusting and knocking. 

Lane. 

POST AND PAN, s, A building formed 

of wood and plaster. North. 

[Post from the wood, and Pan from loam, 

which forms the plaster oftentimes, as 

well as makes pans.] 

To POSS, r. a. [Pousser, Fr. to push.] To 

dash violently into the water. 
POSS, 8, A wateifall. Craven, 

To POSSESS, V, a. To persuade; to cause 
to believe. Craven. 

To POTCH, V. a. [Is it from Push ?] To 
poke or push suddenly. Ohuc, 

POT-CLEPS, 8. } [Pot, and Clippan, Sax. 
POT-KELPS, ■ Sto clip or clasp.] Pot- 

3 hooks. North. 

POT-DUNG, 8, Farm-yard dung. Berks. 
POT-CRATE, .8. [See Crate.] A laige 
open basket to carry earthenware in. 

Lane. 

To POTE, V. a. [Piot, Welsh ] To thrust 

with the feet. Lane. 

To throw or kick off the bed clothes. North. 

To push through any confined opening or 

hole. Somerset. 

To push with one's feet. Ditto. 

POTE-HOLE, 8, A small bole, through 

which anything is pushed with a stick ; 

a confused place. Somerset, 



POTY ; POOATY, aey. Confined ; close ; 

crammed. Somerset. 

POT-SITTEN, part. pass. Burned to, that 

is seated to, the pot. Norths 

POT-LADLES^ s. Tadpoles^ from their 

shape. Norf. 

POT.SC A RD, 8. ) [Pot and Schaerde, Frisick. 

POT-SCAR, WoAiuoii.ashard.] APot- 

3 sherd. North. Job, 

To POTTER, V, n. [See Pote.] To poke, 

to pry, to rummage. Norf. 

To do things ineffectually. Oiar^fu 

(Perhaps from Pot, which being made of 

earth, is brittle.) 

POTTERTy adj. Disturbed ; vexed. Lane. 

POUD, s, A boil or ulcer. South, 

POUK, f. [Poke or Pouch, a bag.] A 

pimple. Cheshire. Craven. 

To POUND, v.n. To beat or knock, as 

who's that pounds at the door so ? 

POUSE, s. Rubbish. NoHh. 

Lumber; offal. Lane, 

POUSEMENT,s. Trash; anything of little 

worth. York, 

A name given to a bad person. Lane. 

POW, 8. [Poll; to Poo, Sc. to pull.] The 

head. North. 

To POW, V. a. To poll ; to cut hair. North. 

To POWT, V. a. [See Pote.] To stir up. 

North, 

POWT, *. A hay-powt ; a hay-cock. Kent, 

PRANKED, adj, [Pronken, Belg. to dress 

out finely.] Of divers colours. Hants, 

PRANKIN, adj. [Pronk, Belg.] Proud. 

Craven. 

PRATTILY, adv. [Corruption of Prettily.] 
Delicately. Craven, 

To PRAY, V. a. To drive all the cattle 

into one herd on a moor. « To pray the 

moor ;" to search the moor for lost 

cattle. Somerset, 

(Perhaps to Prey ?) 

PREAST, part. pass. [Preisz. Teut.] 
Praised. Lane. 

PRENK, PRINK, PRONK, a^f. [Pronk, 
Belg.] Pfert. Craven, 

PRE'O, PREYO, phr. Pray you. Lane. 

PREYTHENOW, phr. I beg. Craven. 

To FREE A YE, v. a. To prove. York, 

PRESENCE, <• Aspect; outward ap- 
pearance ; as, " He is a man of a fine pre- 
sence." Norf, 

PREST, adJ, [Pret Fr. ready. Presto. Ital. 

quick.] Ready. Norf, 

As an adverb— presently. Norf, 

PRICH, s. [Prician, Sax. to prick.] Thin 
drink ; small beer, which is apt to get 
sour and prick the throat in drinking. 

North, 

PRICKER, s. A brad awl. North. 

PRICKED, part. pass. Sour^ applied to 
liquors, chiefly to beer. Hants. 

(See Prich.) 

PRIGGE, 8. A small pitcher. South. Grose. 

BaUey, 

PRIG-NAPPERyS. A horse stealer. Bailey, 



PRl. 



PRO. 



133 



[To Prig, to steal, Slang. Nacker^ a horse- 
butcher.] 
PRILL'D, pari,ptu$. Soured, Grone. 

PRIM, 8. [Contracted from PrimUife.] 

The spindle tree. 
PRIM, «. Very small smelts. Norf. 

Perhaps from Primus, first, youog ones 
being always small. 
To PRIME, V, a. To trim up the stems of 
trees ; to give them the first dressing in 
order to make them grow shapely. Norf, 
PRIMED, part. pass. Half-drunk ; just in a 
state to explode into any mischief, as a 
gun is^ when primed with the powder. 

Hants. Sussex, 

PRIMELY, adv. Very well ; that is in the 

first style. Lane, 

PRIN, 8, A pin. North. 

PRIN-COD, 8. A pin-cushion. North. 

Hence a fat man or woman. North. 

PRIN-COX, 8. A pert, lively, or forward 

fellow. North. 

PRINGLG, 8. A small, silver, Scotch coin, 

worth about a penny, wiih two XX on it. 

Grose. 
PRINKED, part, pass. [Prouken, Belg. 
WelMressed, fine, neat. JExmoor. 

[See Pranked.] 
PRINT ; IN-PRINT, adv. Very nice and 
orderly, as printing appears, when com- 
pared to writing. Norf. Suff. Hants, 

Svssex. 

PRINT-MOONLIGHT, s. E. Sussex. Kent. 

PRINT, PRINT-STAR, 8. Moonlight; 

clear ; star-light. Kent, 

The heavens bemg marked, or printed all 

over with stars. 

PRIOR, 8, The cross-bar to whic^ the 

doors of a barn are fastened and which 

prevents them from being blown open. 

Kent, 
7b PRISE, r. a. [Prise, Fr. the act of 
taking anything.] To raise anything by 
means of a lever. York, iC, Sussex. Norf. 
PRISE, 8. A I^ever. E. Sussex. Norf. 

To PRITCH, V. a. [Prician, Sax. to prick.] 
To make holes in the leather of cards for 
weavers to admit the wires. To check 
or withstand. Exmoor, 

PRITCH, 8. A strong, sharp-pointed in- 
strument of iron for various purposes, as 
Fold-pritch, for making boles in the 
ground to receive the fold-stakes ; £el- 
pritch, a spear for taking eels. Norf. 
7b PROCTOR, V, n. [Procurator.] To 
hector ; to swagger ; to bully. Norf, 
Proctors, originally, were persons em ployed 
to beg alms for the sick and lame in 
hospitab, that is to " procure*' alms. 

Forbjf. 

PROD, 8. An awl ; a goad ; an iron pin 

fixed in pattens. North. 

[Brod. Dan. Ciaven Dial. Brad. Sax. a 

brad.] 

PROFBTS, f. Batkins. Exmoor, 

[Prcfeet ^J 



To PROG, V. n. [Proctor.] To pry or 

poke into holes. Norf, 

To steal. Fenning. 

PROG, s. A curved spike or' prong. DUto. 

PROG, 8, Provisions of any kind. Hants. 

Sussex. 
PROMISCUOUSLY, ado. By chance, as 
'* I went into his house quite promis- 
cuously." E. Sussex. 
PROTER, 8. [Probe.] A poker. Norf. 
FROSSIN, adj. [Prossen, Belg.] Bold; 
pressing; forward. Craven. 
PROUD-TAILOR, s. A goldfinch, from 
its fine colours, I suppose. fVarwick, 

Staff, 
PROVEN, 8. [Provande, Belg.] Pro- 
vender. Lane, 
PUBBLE, adj. [Bubble— fat people being 
puffed or blown out, as it were.] Fat; 
full; usually spoken of corn, fruit, &c. 
PUBLIC, 8, A public- house. Noff. Sussex. 
PUCKETS, 8. [Pocket; the web forming 
a poke or bag.] Nests of caterpillars. 

North. 

PUCK-FIST, s, [Poke, a bag and Fust^, 

foul.] A species of fungus with a 

leathery, tough skin full of dark dust or 

powder. Bailey, 

Sometimes called a Puff-ball. Hants. 

To PUCKER, V. a. To sew an article of 

dress in such a bad manner as to make it 

full of inequalities instead of being 

> smooth. Hants, Sussex, 

PUCKER, 8, An uneven fold in an article 

of dress, which makes it appear rumpled. 

Hants, Sussex. 

" To be in a Pucker,*' is to be ruffled in 

temper. Hants. Sussex, 

PUCK-NEEDLE, s, Scandix pecten, so 

called from the seeds. Hants* 

PUD, 8. The hand ; the fist. Somerset, Hants, 

[Is it a corruption of Pad ?] 
PUDDING-PIE; PUDDING-PIE-DOLL, s. 
Meat baked in a batter; neither pudding 
nor pie. Norf, 

In Sussex called a Toad-in-the-hole. 
PUDDOCK, 8. [Paddock.] A small in- 
closure. Hants, 

To PUG, v.a. To pull. Worcester, 

To eat. Wilts. 

PUG-DRINK. 8. Water-cider. fVesL 

PUGGING-END, s. The gable end of a 
house. Devon. 

PULING, ;xir^ act. [Piailler, Fr. to squall.] 
Crying. Craven* 

PULK, 8, A small shallow place, contain- 
ing water ; called also a Pulker. Somerset, 
A hole of standing water. North, 

A hole full of mud or a small muddy 
pond. Norf, 

[Pulder,Du. a low marshy place, liable to 
be flooded.) 
PULK, 8. [Bulk.] 

A thick, chubby, fat figure. Norf, 

PULKY, a<(/. Thick, faf, and short. 

Norf. 



134 



PUL. 



PUR. 



PULLEN, 9, I [Poulet, Fr. a hen or 
PULLAIN, ) pullet] 

Poultry. North, 

rULUKEED,*. [PooUeed.] A long reed 
growing in ditches and pool8> used for 
ceiling instead of laths. Somersei, 

PULSEY, s. A poultice. North. 

PULL-TOW, PULL-TOW-KNOTS, s. The 
coarse and knotty parts of tow, which 
are carefully pulled out and thrown aside 
before it is fit to be spun into yarn. Norf. 
PULTRV.s. Poultry. Somerset, 

PUMMACE, s, [Pomum, Lat. Pomme, Fr. 
apple.] The mass of apples crushed 
under a stone roller, preparatory to mak- 
ing cider. Norf. 
Pomace. Fenning* 
PUMPLE-FOOTED, adj. Club-footed. 

Somenet. Hantt, Suuex. 
To PUMP, o. a. To ask a variety of 
questions of a person, with a view to 
draw all the information possible from 
him. North. South, 

To PUNCH, V. a. [PoiD9on, Fr. a bodkin, 
anything used to pierce with.] 
To kick. North, 

To strike with the fist. Lane, 

To PUNDER, V. n. [Pondero, Lat to pon- 
der, being undecided which way to go.] 
To be exactly on an equipoise. Norf. 

PUNDLE-TREE, «. The wooden cross bar, 
to which the horses are fastened when 
they draw ploughs or harrows. Norf, 

(The balance- wood.) 
FUND, 9, [Old Eng. Camden ; Pont, Welch.] 
A pound weight. Craven, 

To PUNG, V, a. [To Punch.] 

To push. Exmoor, 

PUNGER, 9, A crab. Kent. Sussex, Grose. 

I never heard the word. 
PUNGLED, part, pass. Shrivelled and be- 
come tough, as winter fruit over kept, 
but not turned rotten; also grain shri- 
velled with heat or disease. Norf. 
(Pung, Sax. is a prostitute.) 
PUPPY,*. [Poupee, Fr. a dofl.] A fool. 

Norf. 

A puppet. Norf. North, 

PUH,«. [Pajeren, Tent, to dig; Por, Brit.] 

A poker. Norf. North. 

To PUR, V. a. To stir the fire. Ditto. 

To kick. Lane, 

PUR, s. A boy ; a male lamb, Dorset. 

(Puer.) 
PURDY, s. Surly ; ill-humoured ; self-im- 
portant. Norf, 
PURE, a<^'. In good health ; as '' I am pure 
and well." HanU. Norf. York, 
PURELY, air. Well. DUto. 
PURTENANCE, s, [Appartenance, Fr.] 

The pluck of an animal. North. South. 
To PURLE, ©. a. [Parfiler, Fr. to embroi- 
der.] A term in knitting, implying the 
act of inverting the stitches to give the 
work a different appearance in those 
P«rt»* Norf. 



PURLE, s, A nanow list, border, fringe or 
edging. Norf. 

Penning has ** Purl," an embroidered 
border. 
PURTJNO, OR A-PURT, <«(/. Sullen. 

ExmooT. 

PUSSLE, OR PUZZLE, 8. [La Pucelle— 

the Maid of Orleans; having been 

adopted in derision of her, according to 

Forby. Penning has "Puss," a sorry 

woman.] A very dirty drab. Norf, 

To PUT, V. n. [Potter, Oan. To plant, of 

course implying touching the ground.] 

To stumble, as *< that horse puto.*' Norf. 

To impose, that is to put upon. Cravenm 

To PUT, V, a. [Piot, Welch ] 

To posh with the horns. Craven. 

PUT, s. A two-wheeled cart used in hus- 
bandry, and so constructed as to be turned 
up at the axle-tree to discharge the load. 

Somerset. 

To PUTCH, V. a. [To Pilch, see Pitch.] 

To hand up sheaves or the like with a 

pitch fork. Somerset. 

PUTCHKIN, s. A wicker bottle into which 

the spigot is put in order to strain off 

beer to cool. fVest. 

The same as a Uuck-muck, I suppose. 

PUTHER, s. Pewter. Craven. 

PUTHERY,a(^*. Hot. fVarwkk. 

PUTHERY, OR POTHERY,a<y. A sheep 

that has water on the brain, which causes 

it to fall down, or move in a very weak, 

tottering, and uncertain manner, is said 

to be Pothery or Potherish. Sussex. 

Pothery may be from Bother, but whence 

is Bother ? 

PUTRE, V. n. To cry. Craven. 

(Perhaps from Pout.) 

PUTT,*. A mole hill. Norf. 

(In Kent a Powt is a hay-cock ; when a 

person pouts, the lips are thrust out form- 

Img a point from the mouth; a inole-hfll 

somewhat resembles a hay-cock in shape, 

and both are a little like a pouting 

mouth.) 

PUTTOCK, *. [Put up.] A small candle 

put up to make weight. Norf. 

PUXIE, *. A place on which you cannot 

tread without danger of sinking into it^ 

applied most commonly to places in 

roads or fields, where springs break out. 

Somerset. 
PUZZUM, s. Poison. Craven. 

PUZZUMFUL, adf. Poisonous. Craven. 
PWINT, 8. A point. Somerset. 

PWINE-END, 8. ^The sharp pointed end of 
PWiNEN-END, fa house, where the wall 

I rises perpendicularly from 

J the foundation. Somerset. 

(These words are corruptions of Point, 

o is often turned into w, as in E. Sussex 

they commonly say " Gwine" for 

" Going." 

PYCLE, *. [Picciolo, Ital. little.] 

A small field. Berks. 



QUA. 



QUA. 



135 



PYER, s. A wooden guide or rail to hold 
by in passing over a bridge. Somerset, 

PYNET ; PYNOT; PYOT, *. A magpie. Nt. 

PYTCHE, s. A bee- hive. Craven. 

" PYZE TAKE IT/* " What a Pyze had 
yoQ to do with it.'' Kentish exclama- 
tions, according to Grose. 

P*S and Q'S, phr. To mind your P's and Q's 
is to be very particular in what you say 
or do, so much so that it is necessary to 
look even at each letter before you make 
use of it« Hants, Sussex, 



Q. 



To QUACKLE, v. a. [From the noise 
uttered by a person in the act of being 
choked] 
To interrupt breathing. Nor/. Suff, 

To choke. Cambridge, 

To QUADDLE, QUODDLE, ». a. [C be- 
ing changed into Q.] To coddle; to 
boil gently. Norf, 

QU ADDLING, QUODDLTNG, s. A cod- 
ling, a well known, summer apple. Norf. 
QUADDY, adj. Very 4>roadj short and 
thick in person. Norf, 

[Quadrans, Lat. four; a stout person is 
said to be square-built.] 
7o QUAIL, 9. n. [Quagliare Ital.] 

To curdle, as milk does. Norf, 

QUAIRE,f. Caier, Fr.] 

A quire of paper. Norf, 

QUAMP, adj. Still ; quiet. Gloucester. 

(Qualm, according to Penning, is from 

Cwealm, Sax. death, which every one 

knows is a state of quiet.) 

QUANDARY, s, { [Qu'en dirai je, French. 

What shall I say ?] A state of doubt and 

perplexity. Common, 

QUANT, 9. A walking stick. Kent, 

^ long pole, shod with iron at one end, 

but not pointed, used by bargemen in 

Use river Rother to force their barges 

forward through the water, when they 

cannot sail. E, Sussew, Kent. 

(Contus, Lat. a long pole used to push a 

vessel into deep water. 

To QUAR, V. a. To raise stones from a 

ouarry. 
QUAR, s. A quarry. Olouc, Somerset. 

QUARREL, s. A square of glass. Norf. 

Somerset. York. 

QUARRY, s, A pane of glass, generally 

applied to the small diamond shaped 

ones. Hants, 

(Qoarre Fr. a square ; stones dung from 

quarries are usually square for building; 

panes of glass are for the most part 

square or four sided. 

QUAR-MAN, s, A man who works in a 

quarry. Somerset, 

QUARE,s. Queer; odd. Ditto. 

QUATCH,s. A word. Berks. 

QUAGGLE, s. [Quag, from quake.] 



A tremulous motion, such as that of jelly 

or of a loose, boggy soil. Hants. Suss. 

QUA VERY-MA VERY, adj. [Quiver, and 

Move — a trembling undecided motion.] 

Undecided and hesitating. Norf* 

QUEACH, s. A plot of ground adjoining 

arable land, and left unploughed because 

full of bushes and roots of trees. Norf. 

QU'E, Quoth he. North. 

QUEER, s. The quire or choir of a church. 

A quire of paper. North, 

QUELTRING, adj. [Sweltry j sultry.] 

Hot; sultry. Bxmoor, 

QUERKEN'D, fjart. pass, [From the sound 
uttered in the act of suffocation.] 
Suffocated. Craven, 

QUERK1N6, part, act. Grunting. Exmoor, 
Complaining; fretting. Hants. fVHts. 

** In a fine Querk," that is in a great deal 
of trouble, generally implying more 
than the occasion requires. 
QUERN, s. [Cweorn, Sax.] A hand-mill 
to grind malt. Exmoor, 

QUEST, s. The quest of the oven means 
the sides of it. Pies are said to be 
quested whose sides have been crushed 
by each other, or so joined to them as to 
be less baked. North, 

(This last meaning seems to imply 
" Squeezing" — ** Quest" is as good 
a derivation from '^Woisan," Sax. 
as '* Squeeze.") 
To QUEST, V. n, [Queste, Fr. search.] 
To give tongue as a spaniel does, when 
he comes on the scent of the game. 

Norf. Hants. 

To QUEZZEN, v. n. To suffocate with 

noxious vapour. Norf, 

To smother ^away without flame, as fuel 

does when damp. Norf, 

QUICE, s, [Cusceate, Sax. from Cuse, 

chaste.] A wood-pidgeon. Glouc, 

QUICKS, s. Hawthorn plants which are 

set to form hedges, and so called from 

their quick growth. Norf, Sussex. Hants, 

Roots of grass taken out of land that is 

foul, which vegetate so easily that they 

are not easily destroyed. They are 

very quick, or full of life. Norf, 

QUID, s, [Cud.] A quid of tobacco is the 

quantity put into the mouth at one time, 

for the purpose of being chewed. The 

following amusing story arose out of this 

word at Winchester* A man who had 

been a tobacconist in that city, ^massed 

a fortune and kept his carriage, when he 

chose for his motto. Quid rides ? 

Latin, why do yon laugh? The boys 

immediately read it in plain English, 

' Quid rides.* 

To QUILT, V, n. To swallow. Gioue, 

To QUILT, V. n. A cat is said to quilt 

when she keeps moving her fore feet up 

and down, as she frequently does on ^a 

carpet or any other substance, which 

clings to her claws. Sussex, Hants^ 



136 



QUI. 



RAC. 



(Perhaps from the action resembling; that 

of the work called quilting;.) 

QUINEj «. Coin or money. Somertel, 

A corner. Somerset. 

To QUINE, V, a. To coin. Somerset. 

(These are the mere common substitution 

of Q for C.) 

To QUILT, V. a. To beat ; as, << I will quilt 

your jacket for you.*' Sussex, Hants, 

To QUIT SCORES, To cry quits ; (To 

acquit.) 

To discharge a debt ; to be quits is to be 

even, neither party owing the other 

anything. fVarw. Hants. Sussex, 

QUIFTING-POTS, s. [To QoafiF.] Half- 

gills. Lane, 

To QUIZZLC, V, a. [From the sound. See 

Quackle.] 

To suffocate. Norf. 

To QUOCKEN, v, n. [From the noise 

made in the act.] To vomit. North, 

n QUOD FOR EELS, To fish for eels 

with a number of worms strung on a 

thread of worsted, and tied up in a bunch 

or Quod, that is a Cud. The worsted 

hanging in the teeth of the eels, causes 

them to be caught. Hants. 

QUOILERS,s. [Coilers, from Recoil.] The 

breeching, or that part of a cart horse's 

harness, which is placed behind him for 

the purpose of enabling him to hold 

back the cart, when going down hill. 

Hants. 
QUONS, s. [See Quern.] A hand-mill for 
grinding mustard-seed. Norf, 

QUONT, s, [Contus, Lat. see Quant.] 

A pole to posh a boat onwards vriih.Norf, 
To QUOP or QUAP^ v, n. To throb. 

CUouc, Berks. 
QJOOTED, part,pass. CloTed; glutted. South, 
QUOTTor AQUOTT,a<^*. Weary of eat- 
ing ; seated or squatted down. Exmoor, 
QT70TTED, part, pass. Satiated. E. Sussex, 
QUY-CALF, s. A cow calf. North, 

R. 
RAAD, part, pass. [Bade, Fr. a road.] 

Rode. Craven. 

RAAP, s, [Rap, Sax.] A rope. Craven. 
RAATH or GRAATH, s, [See Graith.] 

Heart; condition. Craven, 

RAB,», [Rob?] 
A wooden beater to bray and incorporate 
the ingredients of mortar. Norf. 

To RABBIT, V. a. [To rebut.] 
To prevent ; as, " may God rabbit, or pre- 
vent it !" Craven. 
'* Od rabbit it ;" '' God rebut it V Sussex, 

Hants. 
To RABBLE, v. n. [Rabbelen, Teut. to 
chatter.] 

To speak in a confused manner. Craven, 
BABBLEMENT^ s. The crowd or mob. 

Lane, 
RABBLE-ROTE, s, [Rabbelen, Teut. to 
chatter, and Routine, Fr. Rote.] 



A repetition of a long, roand-abont story ; 

a rigmarole. Exmoor, 

RACE, s. Rennet or renning. North, 

To RACK, V. n. To care for. North. 

RACKLESS, <!£(;. Careless; improvident. 

North. 
(Ruchlose, Teut. ruthless.) 
RACK, s. [Ratta, Sui. Goth, callis, a path, 
Forby.] 
A rut ; a cart-rake ; cart-rut. Norf. 

RACK-OF-MUTTON, s, [From the resem- 
blance the bones have to a hay-rack.] 
A neck of mutton. Lane. 

RACK AND REEND, s. [Rack an en- 
gine of punishment, or Wracke, Du. 
Wreck ; and to Rend, to tear.] 
To go to " Rack and Reend," is to go to 
ruin. Lane, 

To go to " Rack and Ruin" has the same 
meaning. Sussex, Hants, 

RACK OF THE WEATHER, s. The track 
in which the clouds move. North, 

RACK, 8, [Rec. Ang. Sax. vapour.] 
A mist. Craven, 

RACK OF THE EYE, s. To determine by 
the rack of the eye, is to be guided solely 
by the eye, without line or rule. Craven. 
RACKET, s. A bustle ; noise. Hants. 

To RACKET ABOUT, v. n. To make a 
great noise and bustle, as children do. 

Hants. 
(Raxia, Gr. Penning. The sound of waves 
on a rocky shore.) 
To RACK-UP, V, a. To give horses, when 
in the stable, their food for the night, 
when the hay is put into the rack for 
them. Hanii, Sussex. 

RACING, s, [Raser, Fr. to. rase ; to skim the 
surface.] The act of raking up old sto- 
ries, or rubbing old sores. West. 
To RADDLE, v. a. To banter. North. 
To RADDLE, v, a. [H riddle. Sax. a sieve, 
which is woven.] To weave. North, 
RADDLINGS, «. The windings of a wall. 

Norths 

RADDLES or RADDLINGS, s. Long 

green sticks, used for making a hedge, 

and which for that purpose are wound 

or woven between upright stakes driven 

into the ground. E. Sussex^ 

RADDLINGS, s. Long: sticks. Letne, 

To RADDLE, v. a, " To raddle the bones*' 

is to give a sound beating. Lane. 

RAERS, s. [Ahroeran, Sax. to rear.] 

The rails on the top of a cart, by meant 

of which a laige load can be raised or 

reared on it. North. BaOey. 

RAFF, s. [Refuse.] Rubbish; worthless 

fragments. Norf, 

A low fellow. Hants. Norf, Sussex. 

A low mob. Hants, Sussex. 

RAFFLING, a4j. [Raffle, which is decided 

by chance, not by reason.] 

Idle ; unsteady ; unthinking ; applied to 

one who seems to act at random, hit or 

miss. Norf, 



RAF. 



RAK. 



137 



RAFFLING-POLE, «• The pole with which 
the embers are ipread over all parts of 
the oven. Ncrf, 

RAFT, «. A fasty aod damp smell* Norf. 
RAFTINCSS, «. Fostiness ; sialeness. Norf. 
RAFTY, adj. Fostv : stale. HaiU». Suuex. 

Naff. 
[Penning has Draffy, abounding in dregs 
or sediment ; he also has Draugh which 
be says should be spelled Draff, refuse; 
Draff is a name for brewers' grains^ 
that is the Refuse after brewing.] 
RAFTY, a4f» Misty, applied to weather, 
when close and disagreeable in smell. 

Norf. 
RAFTY, adj. Rough in temper, and so, 
difficult to be maraged. Hants. Sustex. 
To RAG, 9. a. To rail at ; to revile in out- 
rageous and t)f>pR>brious terms. Narf. 

8uf. Hants. Sussex. 
** To give one a precious ragging/' means 
to abuse a person in very strong tan- 
kage ; that IS, to tear his character, as 
It were, into nga. Hants. Sussex. 

RAG, «• [Rec. Ang. Sax. vapour.] Mist; 
reek. Craven. 

RAG, s. The catkins, or naale blossoms of 
the hazel or nut-tree. Craven. 

{So called from being uneven or ragged.] 
RAGEOUS, adr. [Corruption of Outrage- 
ous.] In rage or excessive pain. Craven* 
RAGGABRASH, s. [Perhaps Ragged 
Breech*] An idle, ragged peraon. North. 
RAGGOLD, s. [Rs^le, Isl. a vagabond.] 
A villain. North, 

RAGROWTHERING, part. acL [Rag- 
Growth.] Playing at romps, which makes 
rags grow. Bxmoor. 

RAGS and JAGS, s% Minute fragments ; 
shreds; remnants. Norf. Hants. 

In Hampshire, children have the follow- 
ing doggrel song, viz. :*- 

Hank l.haik I tbe dogs do bsik $ 
Tbe begssn ocnne to townb 
SoBM in raga, Mne in Jagt, 
And some in velvet gofrni. 

To RAHVE, V. a. [Ravelen, Belg. to un- 
weave.] To tear. York. 
To RAIT, V. a. To put into water to sea- 
son ; applied to timber, hemp, or flax. 

NoHh. 
To Rait flax, b to soak it in water. 

South. 

RAITCH, «. A snip of white in a horse's 

fice. North, 

A small longitudinal mark or scratch. 

North. 
[Kralzen, Belg. to scratch.] 
RAFTER.R1DGING, s. A mode of plough- 
ing land, which is performed as follows, 
viz. : The ploughman strikes out a fur- 
row, and then returns with his plough 
close to the back of it, forming it into a 
ridge, and so goes through the whole 
field forming a ridge with every turn of 
tbe plough and leaving a furrow between, 



giving the ridges somewhat the ap- 
^(learance of raften, whence the term. 

Rake, «. The inclination of a mast of a 
vessel from a perpendicular line is called 
the Rake of it. E. Sussex. 

To RAKE, V. n. To deviate from a per- 
pendicular line, said of the mast of a 
vessel ; as, '* her mast Rakes a good deal 
aft." E. Sussex. 

To RAKE, e. n. [Raxiat Gr. the sound of 
waves on a rocky shore.] The sea is 
said to rake, when it breaks on the shore 
with a long, grating, hoarse sound. B. Susim 
A sea term. 
RAKE, s. [See Rack.] A rut, crack, or 
crevice. AorlA. 

To RAKE-UP, v.a. To cover; to bury. 

SowttTseim 
** To Rake a fire*' is to heap small coala 
on the fire, that it may burn all night. 
North. Soamset. Warwkiu 
To RAKE, V. N. To gad or ramble in mere 
idleness, without any immoral implica- 
tion ; often applied to children. Nwf* 
^ Raking about," is a common wyiog, 
only implying for a bad purpose. 
RAKE-STEUS, s. [Rake, and Stale, Belg.] 
The handle of a rake. North. 

To RALLOCK, v. n. [Perhaps from to 
Roll.] To romp. NorOL 

RALLY, e. a. To sift. Norf. 

RALLY, s. A coarse sieve to sift peas or 
horse beans. Northm 

A projecting ledge in a wall. NorUk. 

RAM, adj. [Rammish ; a ram's breath 
being strong and .disagreeable.] Feetid ; 
acrid ; pungent. Craieen. 

To RAME, o.a. [Ramenery Fr. to brin^ 
back.] To reach. Northm 

RAMES, «. [Ramus, Lat. a bough.] The 
dead stalks of potatoes, cucumben and 
such plants. Samereot. 

A skeleton. DiUo. 

RAMILE, «• [Ramulus, Lat. a small 
branch.] Underwood ; twigs. Crotwi. 
RAMMELY, adj. [Ramulus, the stalks 
being as stiff almost as wood.] Tall and 
rank, as beans. North. 

RAMS or RAMPS, «• [Ram, Rammish.] 
Wild garlick. Craoen. 

TbRAMP, V. n. [Rampant.] To grow 
rapidly and luxuriantly. Norf. Susses. 

Hanis. 
RAMS'-CLAWS, «. Ranunculus pmtensis; 
the common ranunculus. Somersei. 

In Hants and Sussex this plant is called 
Crow's-claw or Crow's-f6ot ; it is pro- 
perly the ranunculus, which infests wet 
lands, and is so called from its numerous 
rools^ which cling to the soil, like so 
many claws. 
RAMSHACKLED, a{(;. [From Rams being 
fastened or Shackled by their heads to 
their fore legs.] Confused and ob- 
stracted in motion. Norf. 

8. 



138 



RAN. 



RAP. 



RAMSHACKLE, mdj. Look; diBJointed; 

dilapidated. HanUs, SomenH, Swsex. 

(Caa this be from Ram, a baitering engiDe, 

and Shake — ahakeD }) 

fo RANCH, V. a. [Wrench, FMtntn^p-^but 

Ar6y thinks differently.} To fcretch 

deeply and severely* Narf, 

RANCH, f. A deep and severe aerate h ; 

a flesh wound. Notf. 

RAND, f« [Belg.] A border or seam^ as 

the Rand of a shoe. A piece of beef. 

,Narf, 8us$ex, Hantt. 

RANDAN, 8, The produce of a second 

siftin{^ of meal. Norfi 8uf. 

RANDING or RANDY, 8. A merry- 

making, riotous liTing. Samertet, 

RANDY, oc^'. Riotous: disorderly. North. 

[Randen, Belg. to rant.] 

To RANDOM, v. n. [Rand, Su. Goth, a 

line.] To be in a straight line or direc- 

M>n. Craten. 

RANK, adj\ [Ranc. Sax.] Close ; plenti- 

fol« Craren. 

Thick on the ground, as com in a field, 

of a strong Inxuriant growth. North. 

Hanii. Swttex, 

RANK, a4j\ Wrong. Lane. 

RANGE, s. A sieve. Somerset. 

RANGLE>s. A sinuous winding. Somerset. 

To R ANGLE, v. n. To torine or move in 

an irregubr manner ; rangling pbnls are 

those which entwine themselves round 

some support, as woodbine, hops, &c. 

Sowteftet, 
[Ranger, Fr. to range, to rove at large 
without confinement.] 
RANISH, a4i' Ravenous. Bxmoor, 

(Perhaps a corruption of Ravenish.) 
RANNEL-TREE, sA The cross-beam in a 
RANNIL'BANK, «. I chimney, on which 

I pots or boilers are 

J hung. Norih. 

RANNY, t. The little field-mouse. Norf, 

[Mus Araneus. Lin— H:an it be from Areneus ? 

Penning has the word.] 
To RANTER, e. a. To pour liquor from 
a large into a smaller vessel ; to sew op a 
rent in a garment. 
RANTER, s. A tin or copper can, in which 
beer is brought from the cellar and 
poured out into drinking vessels. Norf. 

S^f. 
[To Re-enter, Rentrer, Fr ?] 
RANTY-TANTY, a^J. Very angry; in 
great wrath. [To Rant— but what Is 
Tanly ?] 
To RAP, V. a. To exchange. North* 

It is used in distinction to selling a thing 
for money ; as one says to another; Will 
you buy this horse of me ? — the latter re- 
plies; No 1 will not buy him, but f will 
give you a " Rap" for him ; that is, I 
will exchange another horse for him, 
paying or receiving the difference. 

South. 
RAPE, s. [Repp. Isl. a part or district. 



Jubitis.] A division of a county, at 
Hastings rope, Lewes rape, Ac. Siuuex^ 
To RAP and REND, v. a. [Rapio. Lat. 
to take away ; and Rend, to tear.] To seize 
with violence ; to take and apply to one's 
. own use, whatever lie* in the way, with- 
out regard to whom it may belong. JVoi/« 

8vlf. 
To <* Rap and Reend,"'-^' Rap and Tear,** 
means to do all they possibly can, in 
Lancashire. 
" To Rape and Scrape." Norf. 

RAPS, f. [Rapio, to snatch.] A disorderly^ 
boasting person. Craven. 

RAPSCALLION, s., [Raps ; and Scullion 
a low fellow.] in ill or disorderly 
person. Lone* 

Raps, $. News. Cra»en. 

RASCATLY, ocir. [Corruption of Ras- 
cally.] Knavisbly. Lan/C% 
RASHDA W, s. Rochdale, a town in Lan- 
cashire. 
RASH, adj. Corn is said to be Rash when 
it is so dry that it falls out with handling. 

North. 

Loosened with dryness. North. 

[Rash persons act hastily; com that is 

over dry faik out too hastily.] 

RASPS, s. Raspberries. North* 

To RASP, «. n. To Reich. Norf* 

RASnCY, mdJ* Rancid; gross; obscene. 

Somerset. 

To RATCH, «• n. [Hmecan. Sax J To 

teCcb ; lo vomit ; to stretch ; to tear in 

pieces. North. 

RATCHER,s. [Roche« Fr.] A rock. Lane. 

RATCHER, adf. Rocky. Ditto. 

RATCHED, peart, pass. Spotted. North. 

7b RATE, V. a. [See Rait.] To expose 

timber to the weather, and also cattle. 

Craven. 
To chide with unkind words. Craven. 

South. 
RATHE, adi>. [Ratb« Sax. quickly. 

Fenmt%g.'] 
Early ; soon. Exmoor. 

RATHER OP THE RATHEREST, pht. 
Underdone ; applied to meat, signifying, 
it is taken up too soon. Norf. 

RATH-RIPE, adj. Comiiig early to matu- 
rity. Norf. 
RATHERpRIPE, t. The name of a sammer 
apple, which of course ripens early. 

Hants. W. Swsex^ 

RATTEN, s* A Rat. North* 

[Ratte, Belg. PI. Ratten. Thna, ehicken^ 

the pi* of chick, is now generally used 

for the singular.] 

RATTLER, s. [A Rattle— an empty sound.] 

A great lie; an abominable fiilsehood. 

Crwpen. 

RATTOCK, s. A great noise. Norf. 

To RATTOCK, v. n. To make a great 

noise. Norf. 

[A metathesis of Racket, which see.] 

RATY, adj. Cold ; tempestnooa. Crax)en. 



RAU. 



RCA. 



130 



RAUGHT, part, pass, of Reach— and qqite 

at g:ood at Taught from Teach. Somerset. 
7b RAUK, V. a. [Racche, Belg. a rake.] 

To scratch. North, 

To RAUM, 9. a. [Ramen, Belg. to eitend.] 

To gratp ; to stretch. Craxfetu 

To sprawl ; to move with arms and legs 

at fall stretch. Norf. 

RAUN, f. [Raun. Dan.] The roe or eggs 

of fish. Craeen. 

To RAUT, V. n. [Hriata. Is].] To bellow. 

RAVEL-BREADy f. A middle sort of 

bread. BaUey. Kent. 

RAVES, i. [See Raers.] Hanii. 

RAW-HEAD, «. The Devil. Craven. 

RAWINGS, s. After-grass. Norf. 

In Hampshire Rowings, a corruption of 

Rougbings. 

To RAWN, V. a. To devour greedily. 

RAWNV, adj. Having little flesh ; a thin 

person, whose bones are conspicuous, is 

said to be ^* rawny.'' Somerset* 

In Sussex and Hants '* Rawboned" has the 

same meaning— that it, scarcely covered 

with flesh or skin. 

To RAY, V. a, [Raye. Tent. Array.] To 

dre'ss. Somerset. 

RAZOR, s, A small pole, used to conflne 

fagots. Norf. 

RAV, «• [Reo. Or. to flow.] A diarrhoea. 

Craven. 

RA YNE, s. [Reyn. Belg. a bound or limit.] 

A Ridge. Craven. 

REACKED.part.pass. Reached ; arrived at. 

[Areccan, Ang. Sax. to follow to.] Craven. 

To READ, V. n. [Raaden, Belg. to guess.] 

To guess. Craven* 

To judge of ; to guess. Olouc. 

To counsel or advise. North. 

READ, s. Council ; advice. North. 

READSHIP, «. Confidence; trust; truth. 

SomertH. 

[Roed. Sax. council, seems to be the root 

of all these last.] 

To REAFB, r. a. [Reafian, Sax. to snatch.] 

To anticipate pleasure in, or long for, the 

accomplishment of a thing ; to speak 

continually on the same subject. 

B. Sussex. 
To READ, V. a. To strip the fat from the 
intestines. *' To read the inward." 

Somerset. 

To READY, V. a. To comb the hair, that is 

to make it ready. North. 

READYING-COMB, s. A wide-toothed 

comb. North. 

READY, a4/« Done ; well-roasted or boiled; 

applied to meat ; as,** that mutton is not 

ready." E. Sussex. Kent. 

To REAM, v. a. To widen; to stretch; to 

open. [Rima, Lat. a rift or cleft.] 

Somenet. 

REAMER, s. An iostrament, used to make 

a hole larger. Somerset. 



REAM, s. [Hrlm. Sax. rime, hoar frost.] 

Cream. 

REAM-PENNY, s. [Roane-Ftonny.] Peter's 

pence ; a tax formerly paid to Rome. 

He reckons op his Ream-pence ; that is, 

he tells all hia faults. North. 

REAM-KIT, «. A cream pot. North. 

REAN, «• A dale or rig in a flekl. North* 

Grose* 
[As much as a man can reap into his hand 
at one grasp.] 
REAPS, s* Parcels of com laid down by 
the reapers, to be gathered into sheaves 
by the binders. North, 

REAR, a(Hi. [See Rathe.] Early ; soon ; ap- 
plied to meat under roasted, boiled or 
broiled* Kent* 

REARING, part, act* Mocking, by repeat- 
ing another's woids with disdain, or the 
like. Bxmoor* 

REARING, 8. The act of laying timber on 
the roof. Craven* 

REARING-FEAST, f. A treat given to the 
workmen, when they have reared or 
raised up the roof of a house or any other 
building. Hants* 

REARING-BONE, s* The hip-bone of a 
hog, by means of which the animal is 
enabled to rear, or raise himself up. 

Hants* 
REART, euf/. Right; mending; perhaps* 
it means a person is reared up, or righted 
again f Bxmoor* 

REaSTY, adj. Restive. Norf. Craven. 
Rancid. Norf. North* 

REAST, REA8TINESS, t. Restiveness 
and also rancidity. Norf* 

[Where these words imply restive and 
restiveness, they are evidently corrup- 
tions of those words ; but where they 
signify rancid and rancidity then I 
incline to think they are corrupted from 
" Rusty," as pork which is rancid and 
rusty, has most decidedly a yellow, rust* 
like appearance.] 
REASTED, part. pass. Tired; requiring 
rest ; from which last word it is probably 
derived. North* 

To REAVE, V. a. [See to Rahve.] To 
blow off, as the wind does thatch. North* 
To unroof or disturb the roof. Norf. 

To REAWK, V. n. [See to Rake.] To 
idle in neighbours' houses. Lane. 

REAWP, s. A hoarse cold. Lane* 

REAVING, part* act. [Raving.] Mad; 
also talking in one's sleep. Lane. 

REAWNT, prat. imp. tense* Did whisper. 

Lane. 

REAWST, s. [Raest. Sax. rust] Rust. Ditto* 

REIANT, part* pass* [Renian, Sax. to rain.] 

Rained. Lane. 

RE A REST, adj* sup, deg. Finest; best. 

Lane. 
[Rare; Rarest.] 
REBALLING, s. The catching of eels with 
earth worms attached to a ball of lead, 



140 



REG. 



REB. 



auipeBded by a atring froin t pole. 

SittHcrsat. 

RECKANS; RECKON; RECKON-CREAK,' 

f. A hook or books to hang pots on. 

JVbrtA. 

[Rec. Sax. reek or smoke; and Creak from 

Crook.] 

RECKLIN. «. The smallest animal of a 

litter or ftirrow ; the nestling or smaller 

bird in a neit; also an unhealthy child, 

£iir» or lamb. North, 

K-STAVEL, 8, [Rick ; and Staff, pi. 
StaTes.] A frame of wood set on stonei 
upon which ricks of bay or corn are 
built* Bailey* 

To REDD, V. a. To disentangle or separate. 

Simertet, 
RED-SHANKS, s. The plant persicaria, 
so called from its height and colour. 

NcTih, 
RED*WE£Dy «. ^ The wild field poppy, or 
any of its species. Aor/. 

RED-ROW, «. When the grains of ripen. 
ing barley are streaked with red, they 
are said to be in the Red-row. 
7b REE or RAY, v, a. [Reo. Gr.to flow ; 
Rennen. Belg. to run.] To pass com 
through a sieve for the purpose of clean- 
sing It from chaff and other refuse. 

North. 
' In the South it is common to say .* — Run it 

Cthat is the corn) through the sieve. 

REE, «. A river or flood ; as '' All is in a 

Ree," that is, in a river, or overflowed 

with water. Eu9X, 

REEANGED, j0arf.jMiti. Discoloured; in 

stripes. North, Grote. 

If it means painted in regular stripes of 

different colours, it must be a corruption 

of Ranged, or Arranged. 

REEAN, s. [Renian, Sax. to rain.] A 

gutter. Lane, 

REECH,«. [Rec Sax.] Smoke. DUio. 

REED, adj, [Rede, Ang. Sax. severe.] 

Angry. Craven, 

REED, i. Wheat-straw, prepared for 

thatching, when it is dmwn out streight, 

like Reeds. Somenel, 

REED-ROLL, s. A thicket of Reeds on the 

borders or shallow parts of a river. Nor/, 

[A roily in one sense, means a thick mass 

of anything.] 

REEF, s. [Hreef. Ang. Sax. A reef implies 

a rough shore — eruptions imply an 

uneven skin.] A cutaneous eruption ; a 

rash. North, 

REEFY, aty. Scabby. Ditto, 

REEGHT, adf, [Recht. Belg.] Right. DiUo, 

To REEK, o. n. To wear away or watte, 

as a person does in sickness. North, 

[Water, made hot and kept so, evaporates 

and wastes away in Reek.] 

REEK, s. [Recad. Ang. Sax. a bouse.] 

•A family. Craven, 

To REEM, V. n. [Rheum.] To lament or 

bewail. Lane. 



REEN or RHINE, s. [See Reean.} 

RCEOK, », A Shriek. 

REE-SUPPER, i, A second supper ; Re- 
being used to signify the repetition of a 
thing. Lane, 

REET, aey, [SeeReegbt.] DiUo. 

REETS, a, [Wryhta, Sax. a wrigbt or 
workman.] Mechanics, as carpenters, 
&c. Craven, 

REETING, », [Recht. Belg. right.] Pre- 
paring or putting to right. North. 
Wash^ linen prepared for ironing. Ditto. 

To REETLE, v, a. To repair, ^or put in 
better order. North, 

To REEVE, V. a, [Ruyffel, Belg. to ruffle.] 
To rivel, to draw into wrinkles. Somertei, 

REEZED, a4f. Rancid. Craven. 

[See Reasty.l 

REFUGE, «. [Corruption of Refuse.] The 
refuse of anything. The worst sheep of a 
flock and which are taken out to improve 
the value of the remainder, are called the 
" Refuge." E, Sustex. 

To REFUGE, v. a. To separote the inferior 
sheep or lambs from a flock. B, StMser. 

To REIN, V. n. To droop the head as ripe 
com, holding its head as a horse when 
reined in. Noff. 

To REIN, V, a. To bear the head in a stiff 
and constrained posture, through affec- 
tation, like that of a horse sharply 
bitted. Norf, 

To REIK, V. a. [Roecan. Sax.] To reach ; 
to fetch anything, that is near. North, 

To REJUMBLE, v, n. To ferment. <' It 
rejumbles on my stomach ;'* that is, it dis- 
agrees and causes a grumbling and a 
jumbling. Line, 

RELEET, i, [Re, again ; and LoBtan,Sax. 
to permit — to let] The meeting of 
different roads in the same point, as a 
three-leet, a four-releet, &c. Norf, 

To REMBLE, v,n, [Ramble.] To move 
or to remove. Line, 

To REMEVE, r. To remove. Norf. 

REM LET, s. A remnant. Sotnenet. 

REMLIN, «. A remnant. Craven* 

To REMMAN, v, a, [Hreme, Isl. to tear 
with the nails] To beat. Craven* 

To REMMAND,.«. a. To disperse. North, 

RENABLE, ac(/. Loquacious and never at 
a stop ; or inconsistent in telling a story. 

North 

To BENCH, V. a, [Renser. Dan.] To rinse 
or wash out clothes, or other things in 
clean water. Grow, 

To RENDER, r. a. [To Rend, or Rendre, 
Fr. to render, to give back.] To sepa- 
rate ; to disperse ; also to melt down. 

North. 

To stew ; to separate the' skinny from the 

fat part of suet, &c. Lane, 

To give a flnishing coat of plaster to a 

wall. Norf, Sussex. 

RENKY, adj, [Ranc. Sax. strong.] In- 
creasing in growth. North, 



ory. / 
n^h, I 
insey/ 
a in T 



REN. 



RID. 



14t 



tlCNNISlI ,<u(;. Furious; passionate. Norths 

RENTY9 a4i. [Perlmps the same as Renky.] 

Handsome ; well-shaped ; spoken of 

horses and cows. North. 

To REPE and RENDRE, v, a. [See Rap 

and Rend.] North. 

*'To Rap and Ran for." Hani9. 

RERE^ flu{/. [Hrere^ Ani;. Sax. crude.] 

Raw ; insufficiently cooked. Noff, 

Rare. E. Suisex. 

RESHESf «. [Rise. Sax.] Wire; rushes. 

North. 

Rishes, Hantt, which is a more correct 

word than either Rushes or Reshes. 

To RET» V. a. [See Rait.] To soak ; to 

macerate in water. Norf. 

RETTING-PIT, s. A pond used for soak- 

ing^ hemp in. Norf, 

To REUL, 9. n. To be rude or unruly. North* 

A reuling lad is a Rigsby. DiUo. 

[Reule, Scotch.] 

To REUSE, V. a. To commend highly. 

North. 
REWARD or GOOD REWARD, i. A 
ruddy countenance. North, 

R^SCEN, a. fl, [Rise. Sax. a rush, and En the 
Sax. plural, the C and S being transposed 
as is frequently the case in words.] 
Rushes. Esmoor. 

To REXEN, RIXON, WREXEN, v, a. To 
infect as with the small-pox, itch, or any 
other infectious disorder. Kent, 

REVEL, <• [Reveiller. Fr. to awake.] A 
wake ; a merry-making. Somertet, 

REVELS, ». [Ravelen. Belg. to ravel.] 
The broken threads, which are cast aside 
by women at their needle work. Hants, 
To REY, V. a. [See to Ray.] North, 

REZZLE, 8. A Weazle. DUto. 

REVEL-BREAD, «. Household bread. Kent, 
REWDEN-HAT, «. [Reed, Reeden.] A 
straw-haL fVeitt, 

RHINOISTER, t. [Rhenoster, Dutch set- 
tlers. Cape of Good Hope.] A rhino- 
ceros. Norf, 
RICE, 8. [Corruption of Rise, it being 
young, rising or growing.] Underwood, 
cut sufficiently young to bear winding 
into hedges or hurdles. Hants. 
Called "Rice-heading*' in E.Sussex. 
RlCE-BALKING, 8. [See Balk.] A par- 
ticular method of ploughing. Norf, 
To RICK, r. a. To jingle; to scold. Lane, 
RICKY, adj. [Rice, Ang. Sax. powerful.] 
Masterly. Norf, 
To RICK, r. a, [Rickets, Rickety.] To 
sprain the ancle, so as to make it weak 
and rickety. Hants, 
RICK-STEDDLE, s. [Rick, and Stead.] 
A wooden frame placed on stones, on 
which to build ricks, to prevent rats and 
mice from getting at the com. Hants, 

W. Sussex. 
To RID, V, a. To remove any litter or in- 
cumbrance: as " Rid up the room or 
yourself, before the company come." 



To despatch ; as " To rid work.*' " To 
rid ground." Norf. 

To part two, who are fighting. Lane, 
To remove; to be quick; to prepare. 

Craven, 

[Hriddan« Sax. Rid, Isl. to get rid of, or 

free from.] 

RID or RED, s, A hollow |>lace in the 

gravel, where salmon deposit their roe ; 

from Kedde, spawn. Craven. 

RIDDLE, s, [Hriddel, Ang. Sax.] A coarse 

sieve. North. Norf, 

In Hampshire thevcall it a Rudder. 

To RIDDLE, V. a, ' To perforate a thing 

with shoty so as to resemble a riddle. 

Hants, Sussex. 
RIDDLE-CAKES, s. Thick, sour, oaten 
cakes, having little leaven and being 
stiffly kneaded. North. 

[Perhaps from Riddle — the meal being 
only coarsely sifted.] 
RIDE, 8. A saddle-horse. Norf, 

A ride-horse. E. Sussex. 

RIDE, 8, A little stream — perhaps so called 
from persons being able to ride through 
it Hants. Grose. 

RIDES^ 8, The iron hinges fixed on a gate 
by means of which the gate is hung on 
the hooks in the post, and which enable 
it to swing or ride. E. Susaesf. 

To RIDE, GRUB, phr. To be out of hu- 
mour ; sulkily silent. Norf. 
RIDGE-BAND, 8. That part of the harness 
which goes over the saddle on a horse's 
back, and being fastened on both sides, 
supports the shafts of the cart. North. 
RIDGER, s. [See Ridge-Band.] E. Sussex. 
RIDGE-STAY, s, Hants. 

[Hrigg. Sax. the back.] 

To RIE, v.a. To turn corn in a sieve, so 

as to bring the broken ears or chaff into 

an eddy, so that they may be blown 

away. North* 

RIE, 8. The raised border on the top of a 

stocking. Norf* 

To RIFT, 9. n. To belch. Line. Lane* 

York. 
I RIFE, adj. Infectious and mortal. North, 
I To RIG, V. n. [Hrigg, Sax. the back.] To 
climb about ; to get up and down a 
thing in wantonness or sp!>rt. Somerset, 

Hants. Sussex. 

RIO, 8, A ridge in ploughed land ; a rib 

in a stocking. Norf. 

To RIG, 9. a. To dress. f^est. South. 

RIG-BAAN, 8. The back-bone. Craven. 

RIGGED, part. pass. Said of a sheep that 

has fallen on its back. Ciraven. 

RIGGOT, 8. A gutter. Lane. 

RIGGED, part, pass. Ribbed, said of a 

stocking. Norf. 

RIGGEN, 8, The ridge of a house. North. 

RIGSBY, 8. A hoydon. North, South. 

7b RILE or ROILE, v. a. To stir up 

liquor and make it thick by moving the 

sediment. Norf, Suff. 



142 



RIN. 



RIS. 



To distuib a man'a temper ; to rofie one. 

JVor/. Bt9ex, 

To RILE, V. n. To climb about in a rough 

maoner ; generally said of rude children. 

Hants, 

"A riled eomplezioa is one coarsely 

ruddy.'* Norf, 

[Can it be from Roll ?J 

RlLEf «. A big, ungainly skmoiakin, an 

awkward blouze or hoyden. fVest. 

RIM-OF-THC-BODY, ». The membrane 

lining the abdomen and covering the 

"' bowels* Norf. 

RIMPLE, 8. [Hrimpel. Ang. Sax.} A 

wrinkle. Norf, 

RIMS, «• The steps or staves of a ladder. 

North. 

RIN, «. [Bryn, Belg.] Brine* Norf. 

To RINE, V, a. [Rinde, Belg. the outside.] 

To touch or feel. North. 

RINE, 8. The skin. North. 

RINDLEy 8. [Renian, Sax. to rain.] A 

gutter. Lane, 

RIN6E, «. [Hringe, Sax. the shore.] The 

border or trimming of a cap, or other 

article of female dress ; a row of plants 

or of any other things. North, 

RINOLE, 8. [Dimin. of Ring.] A little 

ring. Norf, 

A ling, which is put into a hog's snout, 

to keep him from rooting up the 

ground. E, Su89ex, 

TbRINGLE, v. a. To put Ringles into 

the snouts of hogs. £• Sus8ex. Norf. 

R1P> «. A vulgar^ old, and worthless woman. 

8omer9et, Hant8. 8u88ex. 
An outrageous ; profane swearer. Norf. 
Any person or thing completely worn out 
and worthless. Norf, Hants, 8u8ux, 
To RIP» V. n. To swear profanely and in 
anger. Norf. 

To RIP-UP, V. a. To expose a person's 
faults ; to tell him of them. Norf, 

" To Rip-up old grievances," is to revive 
old and forgotten injuries. Hant8. 

{Hrypan, Sax. to tear in pieces ; all these 
words implying more or less of 
violence.] 
RIPE, 8. [Ripa. Lat.] A bank ; the sea- 
shore ; as *' Lydd Ripe*.' Kent. E. 8u88. 
RIPPER, s. A pedlar ; a higgler.' South. 
RIPPIER, 8, Men who formerly bought 
. fish at the sea-side aid carried them in« 
land for sale. B, Su88ex. 

To RIPPLE, V, a. [Hrypan, Sax. to rip.] 
To scratch. North, 

To ** ripple flax" is to cut off the seed 
vessels. North, 

KISE, 8. [See Rice.] Twigs; underwood. 

North. 
RISING, 8. Yeast, which causes the flour 
to rise, and thus make light bread. 

8u8sex, Norf. 8uf, 

RISPS, 8. The stems of climbing plants 

generally ; the fruit bearing stems of 

raspberries. Norf, 



RIST, 8, [Rise.] A rising or elevated piece 

of ground. Norf, 

An advance of prices. Norf, 

RIST, 8, [Raste, Sax. whence ** Rist" is as 

good a derivation as '* Rest."]* Rest. 

Cfrav€n» 
To RITTLE, e. n. [Rattle.] To wheeze. 

RIXY, a4/. [Rixa. Lat. strife.] Quarrel- 
some. West. 
To ROAD, tf. a. To foree or jostle one off 
the road by riding or driving against 
him. Noff, Stiff. 
ROADING, t. The act of running races on 
the road with teams. ^^t ^^* 
ROAK, 8. [Roock. Belg.} Mist. Cra»en. 
Reek; steam. HanU» 
ROBIN-RIDDICK, 8. [Robin-Red Dick.} 
A Red-breast. Somersetm 
Robin-Red-Breast. Hants. Sussex, 
ROBLET, 8. A large chick, or a young 
cock. Norf, 
ROCK, ROCK-STAFF, «. A distaff. 

Norf North. 
ROCKET, 8, A row of holes made by dib- 
bles the whole length of the Stetch. Nm-f, 
ROCRLED, part, pass. Rash and forward.'; 
as children, who perhaps have been 
over-rocked in the cradle, or fondled too 
much. North. 

RODE, 8, ** To go to Rode," means^ to 
go late at night, or early in the morning, 
to shoot wild fowl, which pass over-head 
on the wing. Somerset, 

[Wild fowl always fly to their feeding 
grounds every night at one regular time, 
and in one regular direction or " road/' 
whence probably the term ** To go to 
rode." In Hampshire and Sussex it is 
called <' going to Flight."] 
ROGER'S BLAST, s, A sudden and local 
motion of the air, no other way per* 
ceptible but by its whirling up the dust 
on a dry road in perfectly calm weather, 
somewhat resembling a water-spout. 

Norf. 
ROGGAN, 8, [Roc. Fr. a rock.] A rock- 
infr stone. Craven. 

ROGUE.HOUSE, «. The house of correc- 
tion, pronounced Rogus-honse. North* 
To ROILY, V. a. [See to Rile.] To traduce 
one's chamcter. West. 

RORY, adj. [See Roak.] Misty ; smoky. 

NoHh. 
Damp, misty, steaming with exhalation. 

Norf. Suff. 
ROLLIPOKE, 8. Hempen cloth of very 
coarse texture — only fit for bags or 
pokes. Norf Suff, 

ROLY-POLY, 8. A game played with a 
certain number of pins and a ball re- 
sembling half a cricket-balL It is 
played thus — One pin is placed in the 
centre, the rest (with the exception of 
one called the Jack) are placed in a cir- 
cle round it ; the Jack is placed about 



J 



ROO. 



HOtJ. 



14$ 



li foot or flo from the circle in a line 
with one in the circle and the one in the 
centre. The centre one it called the 
Kiog^, the one between that and Jack the 
Queen. The King counts for three— 
Queen, two — and each of the other pins 
for one each, except Jack. The art of 
the game lies in bowling down all the 
pins, except Jack, for, if Jack is bowled 
down, the player has just so many de- 
ducted from his former score, as would 
have been added if he had not struck the 
Jack. Hants, 

To ROMMOCK, V. n. [Romp] To romp 
or gambol boisterously. Narf,StLf, 

RONK, a<{/. Rank; strong. Lane. 

ROODY, adj. [Roed> Ang. Sax.] Coarse; 
Luxuriant. Craven, 

ROOOKT, part, pan. Roared. Lane, 

ROOK,<. Aheap. Dkto, 

ROOKERY, 8, A great number of people 
huddled together in small dwellings; a 
noisy quarrel ; a great bustle. 
'' To make a rookery" ts to make a great 
stir about anything. Hants, Sussex. 

All these are from Rook, rooks living in 
g^reai numbers together and making a 
great noise. 
ROOP, s, [Hropgan. Goth.] A hoarse- 
ness. Nerlh, 
ROOPY, aif. Hoarse. North, 
ROOT- WELTED, paW. pass. Torn up by 
the roots. Craven, 
ROOTER, «• A rushing noise; a rough 
attack. NoHh. 
To RO02US, V. a. To praise ; to commend. 

Lane, 
To ROPE, V. a. To tether a horse or cow. 

Norf, 

ROPES, s, [From their resemblance.] 

Entrails ; guts. North. 

Guts prepared for black-puddings. South, 

Bailey. 
To ROSEy V. «. To drop out from the pod 
or seed-vessel ; as seeds do, when over- 
ripe. Somerset, 
ROSIL, s. [Old Eng.] Rosin or more 
properly Resin. Norf, Suf, 
ROSIL or ROSILLY> adj. [From Rosil 
or rosin which is brittle.] Land between 
sand and clay, neither light nor heavy, 
Essex is said to be rosilly. Norf. Sfiff. 

BaOey. 
ROSSELLEO, part, pan* Decayed ; a ros- 
■elled apple is a rotten apple. North, 
ROSINED, part. pais. Dmnk. Souih. North. 
When a person has prepared himself to 
speak or to sing, he is said to be ro- 
sined.] Hants, Sttssex. 
It seems to come from fiddlers rosining 
their strings previously to playing, when 
the fiddle gives forth merry sounds — and 
a drunken man is merry. 
ROTHER-BEASTS, s. Horned-beasts. 

North. 
ROTUER-SOIL, s. The dung or soil of 



Ruther-beasts. North. 

At Stratford on Avon, fVarw. is a plac^ 

called the ** Rother, or Rother-maiket.*' 

Rolher-beasts are horned cattle. Jacobus 

Law Diet. Slat. Jae. 21. e. 18. 

To ROUGH, V. a. To put long headed 

nails into a horse's shoes to make theitt 

rough, and so prevent the ht)r8e frond 

slipping in frosty weather. fVest. South. 

To trump one's adversary's card at whist. 

Various* 

ROUGHINGS or ROWINGS, s. The 

latter grass, which comes after mowing 

and is frequently left for cattle to eat in 

the winter, when it becomes coarse and 

rough. Hants. Sussex. 

** To rough it," is to go out of doors in 

spite of wind and weather. Hants* 

Sussex. 

ROUN D-SHAVINO, s. A severe chiding ; 

that is a beating all over or round a 

person. Exmoor. 

ROUND-DOCK, s. The common mallow, 

so called from the shape of its leaves. 

Somerset, (See Jenningfs.y 
ROUPEY, adj. [Hroop, Icel. vocifera- 
tion.] Hoarse. E, Sussex, 
ROUP, «. A filthy boil on the rumps of 
fowls. BaUei/* 
To ROUT, ROWT, RAWT, v. n. To snore j 
to bellow as an ox. North. 
To ROUT-OUT, V. a. To clean out any 
place that is full of rubbish or rather to 
clear awa^ the rnbbish ; to seek or hunt 
out anythmg or person, Sussex. Hants. 
ROUSER, or a ROUSING LIE, is such 
a monstrous lie as rouses the wonder 
and astonishment of every one who 
hears it. Hants. Sussex. 
ROVEi s. [Hreof, A. Sax. a scab.} A scab. 

Norf. 
ROVY, adj. Scabby. Norf. 

ROUSTLING, |Ntrf. od. Raatling; rattling. 

9Vest. 
ROUZABOUT, 8. A restless person, never 
easy at home, but removing from place 
to place ; a sort off large pea, whichi 
from its roundness, will hop or roll 
about more than others. fFest^ 

ROW, s, A hedge. Norf. SuJT. 

In Hants, a hedge-row iscalledaHedge- 
me. 
To ROW, V, a. To rake or stir anything 
about, as ashes in an oven. North, 

To row any one is to give them a good 
scolding I to kick up a row is to make 
a great stir ; a row is a riot or distur- 
bance. These words all have the same 
meaning; bat what is their origin? 
Can it be from to Row, to move a boat 
with oars, implying action, which a 
row certainly does ? 
ROWTY, a4i. Over-rank or too strong; 
spoken of com or grass. North. 

ROWY, <u^'. Of uneven texture, having 
some threads stouter than others, by 



144 



ROW. 



RUW. 



means of which the rows of thread are 

more distinctly marked than if they were 

finer. Norf. 

ROWL or REAL, «. A revel or wake. Som, 

To ROY, r. n. [Roi, Fr. a King.] 

To domineer. Crmten. 

ROY N E-TR EE, «. [Ronne, Dan>] 
The mountain ash. CraMn» 

(See Craven Dialect) 
ROYTCH,a<{;. Rich. Lime, 

ROZIM, s. A quaint saying; a low pro- 
verb. Somenei* 
RUBBACROCK, s. A filthy slattern ; one 
who is as black as if «he continually were 
rubbing herself against a boiler or kettle. 

Exmoor. 
RUBBAGE, i. Rubbish, which being from 
Rub, one word is as good as the other. 

Norf, Hants, Sussex, 
RUCK, s. [Hruch, Teut. a wrinkle.] A 
wrinkle, plait, or fold in a piece of cloth. 
RUCK, s. I [Hruga, Isl. a heap.] 
•RUCKL£, ) A heap of stones. Craven. 
RUCK, s. A confused heap. fVarw. 

To RUCK, V. n. [Hruch, Teut. a wrinkle.] 
To squat down, that is to fold one's self 
up. Norf, North, 

To have a folded, uneven, or wrinkled sur^ 
face. Norf* 

ToRUCKER, v.n. To squat down. Pf^est. 
RUCKY, adj. Full of Rucks. Norf, 

RUCKSES, s. Spit-stands, or racks. North. 
To RUCKSTIR-ABOUT, v. n. To make a 
great stir ; to poke the fire with a degree 
of violence. Hants. 

RUD-RUDDLE, s. [Rodde, Sax. ruddy.] 
A red ochre used for marking sheep. 

North. fVest. Hants. 
RUDDER, s. A coarse sieve used to sepa- 
rate corn from the chaff* Hants. Bailey. 
(Perhaps corrupted from Riddle.) 
RUDDERISH, a^j. [Rude, nidish.] 

Hasty; passionate; rude. SomerseL 

RUDSTAKES,^. Stakes to which cattle 
are fastened in the house* North. 

RUDY, ad{j. Rude. E. Sussex, 

To RUE, o. a. To sift fFest. 

RUE, «. [Roy, Pers.] A row ; hedgerow. 

West Sussex, 
RUF, s. [Hrof. Sai.] A roof. Somerset. 
RUFFATORY9 miff. [Corruption of Refrac- 
tory, I suppose; but For by derives it 
from Ruffatore, Ital. whom see.] 
Rude ; boisterous ; not easily controuled. 

Norf, Suff. 
Reffatory. SuMsex. Hants* 

RUFO, adj. [Reowfian, Sax. to rue.] 

Rueful. Lane, 

RUE.BARGAIN, «. A bad bargain; one 
to»be grieved at. Lane* 

RUM, adj. [Sax. according to Forby, sig- 
nifying great, but always used ironically.] 
Queer; odd; unaccountable; a ^'rom 
fellow," is one who is famed for his 
oddities, that is, great in them. Norf. 
Suff. Hants. Sussex. Kent. 



RUM|«. [Sax.] Room; space. S&mersei. 
RUMBUSTICAL, ad{j\ [Rum, and Bustle.] 
Boisterous in manners; bustling; shov- 
ing and incommoding others. Norf. 
Noisy ; overbearing. Craven, Sussesf. 

Hants. 
RUMBUSTIOUS, adj. Obatrepeiooa. fifqf. 
RUM6UMPT10US,a4/. [Rum, and Gump- 
tion, knowledge.] Sturdy in opioioD. 
Forward and pompous. 
Violent ; bold ; rash. North, Norf. 

7b RUMMLE, t). n. [Rommelin, Belg. to 
rumble.] To rumble ; to mike a noise 
like a bull, when he is displeased. North% 
RUM-BARGE, or BOOZE, s. [Rum, and 
Buyssen, Belg. to drink.] 
Warm drink of any kind. York. 

RUMPLE, s. [Rompelen, Belg. to disorw 
der.] A large debt, contracted by little 
and little, leading at last to a rumple or 
breaking. Somerset 

RUMPUS, s. [Rompelen, Belg. to disor- 
der.] 

A ereat noise* Somerset. 

A bustle or confusion. Sussex. Hants. 
RUNCH-BALLS, or RUNCHES, s. (Oar- 
lock or churlick, when dried and 
withered. 
(Runco, Lat. to weed.) North. 

RUNE, s, [Run.] A watercourse. fVest. 
RUNGE, «, A long tub with two handles. 

Lane. 
A flasket. North. 

RUNGS, s. The round steps of a ladder. 

(Rund, Belg. round.) North. West. 

RUNNABLY, adv. [Run,] Currently; 

smoothly. Nwf, 

Rennably. Snf. 

RUN NELL, «. Pollard wood, from running 

up apace. North. 

RUNNING, s. Rennet. Gloue, 

RUNNING on the HURL» phr. [Whirl ?] 

Running about idly. Craven. 

RUNNLE-BALK, s'. A beam across a 

chimney, to put pot-hooks on. Craven. 

[Balk, a beam; and Run, it running 

across a chimney.] 

To RUN, THIN, v. fi. To run off a bargain. 

Craven. 
(An honest person is sound and solid in 
his principles : a dishonest one, the re- 
verse, or thin.] 
RUNT,s. [Teut.] A dwarf. Lane. 

RUNT, s. A person of a strong, though of 
a low stature. Cnven* 

A Scotch ox, which is very small. Craven* 
A small breed of Weteh cattle. South. 
(From Rhumt, Flintshire, whence they are 
brought, according to Grose.) 
RUNTY, a4i. Crusty ; surly ; ill-homoured* 

Norf. 

RUSH, s. [From the custom of carrying 

rushes, to strew the floor of thechurch on 

the eve of the Saint, to whom It was 

dedicated.] A feast or merry-making. 

North. 



SAA. 



SAG/ 



145 



RUSH-BEARING, «. The ceremony of 
carrying ruthet or garlands to the 
church. North. 

RUSHING^ «• A beveo bait, or rear-sap. 
per. • North, 

RUST-BURN> t. The plant ononis or rest- 
harrow. North. 

RUSTY, adj. [Corruption of Restive ] 
anitily. Sussex, Hants. 

KVT, 8. [Route, Fr. road.] 
A wheel-track. Hants. Lane. 

To RUTTLE, v. n. [Rotelen, Belg. to grunt] 

To make a harsh and rough noise in 

breathing. Norf, 

RUTTLES, 8. A noise^ occasioned by a 
difficulty of breathing. Craven. 

To RUZE, o. a. To eitol ; to commend 
highly. North. 

RYE-MOUSE, «. A bat. Ghue. 

RYNTYj RYNT-YE,p^. By your leave, 
stand off. North, 

" Aroynt-thee.** See Craven Dialect. 

To RYPE, V. a. {Hripan> Ang. Sai. to 
rip.] To break up ; to investigate. 

Craven. 



S. 



SA, [prai. of See.] Saw. Cranfen. 

7b SAA, V. a. [Saa, IsK] To sow. Craioen. 
HAAF^a4j. {Sauf, Fr.] Safe. Craven. 
SAAN, adv. Since. North. 

SAAP, 8. [Sape, Sax. Saip, Scotch.] 

Soap. North, 

SAAR, adj. [Sar, Sax.] Sore, Ditto. 

SABBEDt part. pass. Wet, saturated with 

liquid. E. Sussex, 

SACER-EYES, s. Very large, prominent 

eyes, stretched to the utmost on all 

sides, so as to be round like a saucer. 

Somerset, Hants. Sussex, 
SACK, To get the Sack is to be discharged. 

fi^arw. 

SACKLESS, adj, {Sac, Sax. strife, suit, 

or quarrel ; and Leas, without. Orose, 

Sacleas, Ang. Sax. quiet. Craven Dialect, 

Innocent; faultless. 

Forlorn ; fooliab ; quiet. North, 

SAD, a4f» Heavy, applied to bread in op- 
position to light. North. 
SADDLE-BACKED CROW, «. The Roys- 
ton, or sea-oiow, so called from its mix- 
ture of black and grey feathers. Sussex. 
SAD-BAD; SADLY-} Very ill; very 

BADLY, adv. S badly. Nor/. 

SADLY-BAD, 3 

SAFE, adj. Sure ; certain ; as " he is safe 
enough for being hanged." Cumb, 

SAFT, s, [Safety.] Heart's ease ; to be at 
Saft, is to be easy and contented ; that is 
to feel in safety. 
Reconciliation. North. 

To SAG, r. [Sack, Brit, a sack or bag.] 
^ To hang down on one side. Hants, 

To band or oppress. North. 



To fail or give way from being overloaded, 
as rafters, beams, &c. Norf. 

"* (Sweigen, Isl. Penning.) 
SAG-LEDGE, s. [Sag, and Ledge, from 
. ligature, a binding.] 
A cross-bar or brace put on a gate to pre- 
vent it from sagging ; that is from fal- 
ling to pieces from its own weakness, on 
any slight pressure. Norf. 

SAGHE, 8. [Saga, Sax.] A saw. North. 
SAGERS, s. lAv/yeiB. Ditto. 

SAIG, s. A saw. Lane. 

SAIGH, priU. of to See. Ditto. 

SAIM, 8. Hog*s lard. North. 

SAIM or SEAM, s. Goose-grease, lard, 
or any other kind of fat. South. 

(Saim, Brit.) 
SAIND, «. [Sandgan, Goth, to send.] 

A message. North. 

SALE, s. The iron or wooden part of the 
collar of a cart horse, Norf, 

SALLIS, s. Hog's lard. Gioue. 

To SALLY, V. n. To pitch forward ; from 
Saillie, Fr. a sally or sudden rush. Norfm 
SALLY, 8, [Salix, Lat.] A species of 
willow. E, Sussex* 

SALLY or SOLLY, s. A tottering or un- 
stable situation ; as that building is all 
in a Solly; that is, threatening to fall 
down. B, Stissex. 

SALT-PIE, 8, {Salt ; and Pixa, Lat. a pix or 
box in which the consecrated wafer is 
deposited.] A box containing salt. 
A lean-to. Craven. 

SALTS, s. Marshes near the sea, over- 
flowed by the tide. E. Sussex, 
SALMON-SPRiNT, 3. A young salmon. 

North. 
To SAM, r. a, [Samnian, Ang. Sax J 
To collect together. Craven* 

To skim, as ** Sam the pot;" skim the 
pot. North, 

To gather together ; to put in order. Lane. 
"To Sam milk," is to put the rennet into 
it to make it curdle, and thus col- 
lect the parts required for making 
cheese. North. 

SAMEL, a/2;. Gritty; sandy. Ditto. 

SAMMEN-BRICKS, s. Bricks insufficiently 
burned; semi, or lialf, burned. Norf, 
SAMMARON-CLOTH,s. A cloth between 
flaxen and hempen ; finer than one, and 
coaser than the other. Orose. 

SAMMODITHEE, phr. Say me how do 
thee. Norf, 

SANDED, adj. Bad of sight ; short sighted. 

North, 
Fenning has Sand-blind, afflicted with bad 
sight, when small particles seem con- 
tinually flying before the eyes. 
SAND-TOT, s. A sand hill. Somerset, 

In Sussex and Hampshire a bunch of 
grass growing thickly in a meadow is 
called a "Tot," probably from Touffie, 
Fr. a tuft. 
SANG, s, [Sai.] A song. Cixiven. 

T. 



146 



SAN. 



SCA 



SANO IS IT, ^. Indeed it ii. North. I 

Tn SANNY, r. n. To utter a whioiDg and 

wailing cry, without apparent cause. 

Norf, 
SAP, «. [CorraptioQ of Sop.] 

A sop. Norih* 

Tb sap. V, a. To aop. S, Suisex, 

SAP-SCllLL, 9. A foolith fellow, Staving 

DO wits; as though his head was filled 

with Sap instead of hrains. Craven. 

Soft, like sap. Stutex* Hanis, 

SAFY, adj. Pallid ; sickly. Norf. 

2fb SAR, V. a. To serve ; to earn ; ai I can 

Sar but sixpence a day. Somerset, 

SARE, eidj, [Seer, Belg. Sare, So.] 

Sore. York, 

SARK, s. [Scotch.] A shirt. North. 

SARRAD or SARRAED» port* pou* (^^ 
Sar.] Sewed. North, 

S ARRANT, s. A servant. Somertet. 

SARMENT, », A sermon. Ditto. 

SARTIN, a<(;. Certain. Date. 

SARTINLY, adv. Certainly. Ditto. 

These are alt mere broad pronunciations. 
SARY-MAN, «. An expression of pity. 

North, 
i suppose tantamount to saying '*Iam 
sorry for you, man." 
SATTIT, a4;. [Sat. Lat. sufficient ; hence 
satisfied.] Quiet; settled. Lane. 

SAUCE, s. Sauciness. Ncrf, Suu, Hants, 
SAUGH, s. [Saelgh, Welch. Saule, Fr. 
Salis, Lat.] A sallow or willow. North. 
SAUFY, a<(/. [Saft, Belg. soft.] Wet, as 
land is in rainy seasons. North. 

SAUL, «. A kind of moth. North. 

SAUR, s. [Saur, Isl. filth.] Dirty, foul 
liquid, such as runs from cow-houses, 
&c« North. 

SAUR-POOL, s. A stinking puddle. North. 
SAUT, «. Salt. North. 

(In many parts of the country this pro- 
nunciation' prevails ; al being lengthened 
into aw, as in sah, saut— -or dropped, as 
in fault, fawt. Double L is pronounced 
awl, as in all, small, fall, &c, 
SAUVE, s, [Salvus, Lat. safe; whence 
comes to save.} Salve* Craven, 

SAVORT'N,!^ Did savour. Lane. 

SAWFLY, ath, [See Saufy.] Softly. Lane. 
SAWL or SOWL, s. Any liquid that is 
drunk. North. 

SAWNEY, cut/. Lucky. North. 

SAWNEY, s. A heavy, stupid fellow. South. 

(Saw-Nay or nothing.) 
SAWTERCRAWN,s. A silly felk>w. Glroi0. 
S A Y, s. [Essayer, Pr. to essay .J 
A taste or trial. Norf. 8uf, 

A sample, as " some Say of breeding." 

Shakespeare. 

SAY, s. [To Say or speak.] A declared 

opinion ; a dictum. Shakespeare. 

Authority ; influence. Craven. 

To SAY-NAY, v. a. To refuse ; to forbid. 

Norf. 
SCABLINES,^. Chippingsof stone. North. 



From Scab, the hard outer part of n 
wound, and lines being the nsarks made 
to cut the stones by. 
SCAD, f. A short shower* Somersets 

(Perhaps from SciH!*) 
SCAD, 8. A small black plum which grows 
wild in the hedges. E. Sicssea?. 

In Hampshire called a Hedge-pick. 
SCADDLE, acy. Wild ; frisky ; skittish ; 
said of young horses which will not bear 
being touched. North. 

SCAFE, adj. Wild; a scafe youth. NoHh. 
SCAFFLING, part. act. [Scyflferlin, Sai. to 
shuffle ; hence scuffle, scaffle.] 
Working hard to obtain a livelihood. 

Craven. 
Scuffling, is used in the same sense in. 
Sussex and Hampshire. 
SCAGGLE, adj. [See Scaddle.] Timid. 

Craven. 
SCAITHFUL, a4/. [Scathgan, Goth, to 
damage.] 

Givan to break pasture ; also liable to be 
overrun by stock* Norf, 

SCALE, s. [Scalare, Ital. to scale ; that is, 
being so steep as to require steps or lad- 
ders to ascend by.] 
A hill of steep ascent. Craven. 

To SCALE, V. a. [Scale, the thin outer 
surface of man^ things; to break or 
take off which, is to scale it,] To Scale 
the oven is to rake it, that is to move 
the coals. To Scale the ground is to 
dreqs it, by raking or hoeing it. North. 
To spread, as manure, gravel or other 
loose materials. North. 

SCALLION, 8. [Schael, Belg. a shell or 
husk ; and onion.] 

A thick-necked onion. York. 

A wild plant, in taste like an onion. Xone. 

To SCALB, V, a. To scorob. Norf, 

SCALD, 8. A multitude ; a collection of 

something paltry and insignificant. Noif. 

(We say a fry of children ; all the whole 

boiling of them ; and so a Scald, as 

Forb^ says, from scalded* green fruit, 

that IS, flJl that h«s been scalded ; all 

the fish that have been fried ; or all the 

turnips that have been boiled.) 

SCALD, «• A patch in a field of barley, 

which has been scorched by the sun. 

Noff. 
SCALLOPS, 8. [Scalloped; iriegiikrly 
marked.] 

An awkward wench. Craven. 

SCALY, adj. [Scath.] Mischievous; 

thievishly inclined. 8w»ev. Hants. 

To SCAMBLE, v. a. [Scmmble, according 

to Penning, comes from Soiabble, and 

why not Scamble also I] 

To entangle ; to throw into a confused 

state. Hants. 

SCAMBLED, part. pass. Defeated in an 

intent. fVest. 

To SCAMPO, V. n. [Scampo, Do.] 

To run fast ; to be in a hurry. Lane. 



i 



SCA. 



SCO, 



147 



8CAMPURT, imp. m. [Scamper it.] 

Run fast. £Mne» 

SCANTITY, ». Scarcity. Norf. 

To SCAP^ V. n. [Scape ; escape*] 
' To escape. Craven, 

SCAR, s. [Scare, So. Goth. Craven DkOect. 
Carte, Sax. Cautes, a cnig'or cliff. Qrase, 
£8carp«, Fr. scarp, scar. 'Escarpment.] 
A precipice ; a cliff or bare rock on the 
dry land. Neirih. 

TbSCAR^v. a. [Scare.] To frighten. 

Cnsven* 
8CARD» ff. [Sehaerde, Frislck.] 

A shard or fragment. Craven, 

SCARE, «. [To scare ; to frighten.] 
A car to drive away the pigs and ponltry. 

Norf. 

SCARE, adj, [Schaers, Belg. scarce.] 

Lean and CTag|;y, as applied to persons ,* 

scanty and flimsy, to apparel. Norf, 

SCARS, s. [See Scard.] Fragments. Pbt- 

Bcars ; broken pieces of pots. Lame. 

SCARN, SHARN, 9. [Sceam, Ang. Sax.] 

Dung; cow-dang. North, 

SCAUMY, adj, [Scamian, Ang. Sax.] 

Clear; gaudy. Craven, 

SCAUP, ff. Scalp. Craven, 

For this pronunciation see ** Saut." 
SCAUPY^s. A bare piece of ground. Cra, 
SCA WD, ff. A scold. Craven, 

To SCHRIEVE, r. n. To ran with corrupt 
matter, as a wound. Lane, 

(Perhaps from Shrive, to confess — ^that 
is lo let out a secret matter.] 
SCISSIS-SHEER, ff. A scissar's sheath. 

Somereei, 
SCHISMS, ff. Frivolous excuses ; nice dis- 
tinctions; taken probably from the ex- 
treme nicety of the points, on which 
schisms sometimes take place in religion. 

Norf. 
SCATT or SKATT, s. A shower of rain. 

IVett. 
In Devonshire they say, 

<* When HaUdown has a hat. 
Let Kenton beware of a Skatt**— Ososa. 

SCATTY WEATHER, is showery weather, 
with little scuds of rain. IVesl, 

In Hampshire, when it rains very hard, 
they say, it " ScaU" against the window. 
(Sklatt in Germ, is a battle.) 
SCOANCB, s. fSchanU, Teut. a head, 
fort or bulwark.] 

A lantern. Losm, 

SCOCKER, ff. [Seacan, Ang. Sax. to 

shake. Shocken, Belg. to shock.] hen 

A rift in an oak tree, particularly wca- 

blasted by lightning. Also a rent oche 

sioned by water soaking down into tnd 

body of a pollard oak, from an unsou a 

part in the head of a tree, and by n 

severe frost following, which causes a. 

expansion. Norf 

To 8CODE, V. a. To scatter. CornwaU' 

SCOLES, ff. Scales. Norf. 



SCONCE, ff. [See Scoance.] A fixed eeat 

by the side of a fire-place. North, 

The head. A sort of candlestick fixed to 

a wall, to put a candle in. Smmx, 

SCOOP, ff. [From being rather hollowed.] 
A wooden shovel used by maltsters ; alsd 
an instrument made of bone, with which 
children scoop oat the inside of an 
apple. Hants. 

SCOPE, ff. [Schoepen, Belg. to Acoop.] 
A bason with a handle to lade water. Lane. 

8C0PPER1L, ff* A species of tee-totum; 
a toy. Craioen. 

SCOPPER-LOrr, s. [Scopas, Lat. scope, 
and Loiter.] A time of idleness; a 
play-time. Naiih. 

SCOOT, ff. [Sceolan, Sax. to shoot out or 
protu berate in the way of anything.] An 
irregular, anguhir projection, marring 
the form of a field, garden, &c. Naif* 

SCOOTER ''To ran like Scooter" is to 
run very nimbly, that is, as though shot 
out of a gun. INarf. 

SCOOTY, cSj. Abounding with Scoots. Nf. 

SCORE, ff. The core of an apple. Gfeuew 

To SCORSE, SCOASB, SCOSE,i\ [Cose, 
Scotch, to barter.] To exchange. Weti, 

South, 

To SCOTCH, V. n. [To Scotch, to mince 
or cut up into small pieces.] To spare ; 
to refrain ; *' I did not scotch," that is, 
'* I did not mince the matter.^' Norf. 

To SCOTCH A WHEEL, is to put some- 
thing before it to stop its progress. Lane- 

Sunem. UanW 

To SCOTTLE, v. a. [To Scotch, to cut ; 
and ** tie" a diminutive.] To cut into 
pieces in a wasteful manner. Somenet, 

SCOTTERING, ff. A custom among boys of 
burning a bundle of pease-straw at the 
end of harvest. Bailey, 

SCOUT, ff. {Schoawt, Teat, a beholder ; 
speculator.] 
A high rock or hill. North. 

To SCOVE, V. n. To run swiftly; to scour 
along. Norf. 

SCO WDERED, part, pass. Overheated with 
working. North. 

To SCRAB. [Scmbben, Teut. to tear with 
the nails.] To scrstch or claw. Norf, 

SCRAB BED-EGGS, s. A lenten dish, com- 
posed of eggs boiled hard, chopped, and 
mixed with a seasoning of butter, salt, 
and pepper. Notf. 

SCRABBLE or SCRATTLE, ff. [Krabbe- 
len, Belg.] 
(See Scrab.) A striving to catch things 
on their hands and knees on the fioor. 

Lane. 

To SCRABBLE, v. n. To crawl or tumble 
about on the floor. Hantt^ Sussex. 

To SCRADGE, v, a. To dress and trim * 
fen-bank, in order to prepare it the better 
to resist an apprehended flood. Norf. 

SCRAFFLE, s. [Perhaps from Scrabble.] 
A scramble. North, 



148 



SCR. 



SCR. 



To SCRAFFLE, r. n. To act unfairly by 
receding^ from an engagement $ to cut 
and shuffle. North. 

To quarrel ; to scramble ; to be indus- 
trious. North* 
[Schraffen, Belg. Craven Died.] 
To SCRAMB or SCREAME, v. a. 
[Scramble.] To pull or rake together 
with the hands. North, 
SCRANCH or SCRANGE, s. [Scrantzer, 
Belg.] A deep scratch. Notf, 
To SCRANCH, v. a. To inflict a deep 
wound. Norf, 
SCRANNIL, i. A meagre or lean person. 

Lane, 
[Scrantser, Belg. to grind anything crack- 
ling or brittle between the teeth, im- 
plyiQg it is something thin and lean. 
Scmwney is used as an adject, in Hants 
in the same sense.] 
To S.CRAP, V, To scratch in the earth, as 
a do^ or other animal, having the pro- 
pensity, does. Norf. 
[Screopcm, Sax. to scrape.] 
SCRAPS, 8' ^Tke dry, husky and skinny 
residuum of melted fat. Norf. 
HamfMhhret where they are made into 
puddings called Scrap-puddings. 
SCRATCHED, part, pass. Just frozen, the 
surface of the earth appearing as it were 
scratched or scabby. 
To SCRATT, SCRAUT, r. a. [Kretzen, 
Belg.] To scratch. North, 
To SCRAWL, r. a. To throw things about 
in a confused and disorderly manner. 
" Scrawled com" is corn that has been 
bent down and twisted about by wind 
and rain, so as to make it difficult for the 
reapers to gather it together. Hanls, 
SCRAWF, «. [Scrofieu Lat. scurf.] Refuse. 

SonkCFsd 
SCRAWVLIN, a^. Poor and mean. 

Somtersct, 
To SCRAWN, V. n. To climb awkwardly. 

Lane, 

SCREE, 8, A drainer for gravy. North, 

In East Sussex, a high standing sieve, 

which is used for cleansing com from 

dust and other rubbish, is called a 

Screen or Scry, and the act of cleaning 

the com is called Screening or Skrying> 

SCREED, s. [Screadan. Sax. to shred.] A 

shred. Somerset, 

To SCREEDLE, v. n. To sit hovering 

over the embers of a fire. West, 

SCREET, M, [Screadan, Sax. to shred.] 

Half a quarter of a sheet of paper. 

Norf, S%^f, 

To SCRIGGLE or SCRUGGLE, v. n. To 

writhe or struggle with more or less 

force. Norf. Svff. 

To SCRIMMAGE or SCRUMMAGE, r. n. 

[Scrimen, Teut. to fight.] To skirmish. 

Norf Svff. 
SCRIMMAGE, «. A skirmish; a scuffle. 

JB, Sussex^ Common, 



SCRIMFTION, f. [Scrimp, L. Seoteb, 
scanty.] A very small portion. 

JVoi/. 

To SCRINGE, V. n. [Cringe.] To shrink 
or shrivel, as with sharp cold or beat ; 
to cringe ; to shrink, as ifc were from fear 
of chastisement. Norf, 8^, 

SCRIVENER, 8. [Skrifare, Isl. a scribe.] 
A writing master. Craven, 

SCROGS, s, [Scrog. L. Scotch, Schraghe* 
Belg. a scrag.] Stinted shrubs or brush- 
wood ; black-thorn. North* 

SCROGGY, a4j\ Twisted; stunted. Norf, 
FuU of stunted bushes. Craven* 

SCROG-LEGS, f. Bandy legs; crooked 
shanks. Norf 

SCROOBY-GRASS, «. Scurvy-grass. North, 
Scurvy and scrubk^ both signify mean^ 
vile, base. 

SCROOP, «. [Scrofa, tat. Scrofula.] A 
dry sort of scales. Lane. 

To SCROOP, V, n, [From the sound.] 
To make a creaking noise, as a door 
does, when the hinges require oiling. 

HanU, Sustex, 

To SCROUGE. V, a. To squeeze ; to press 
close together; to crowd, as "Don't 
Scrouge me so." Middlesex, Hants. 

SCROW, adj. Angry, dark an4 scowling. 

S, Sussex. 

SCRUFF, s. The nape of the neck. NoHh. 

Noff. 

SCRUMPLING, 8. [See Crampling. Skrumpa 
Sui. Goth, to be wrinkled.] A small, 
shrivelled apple. Hants. 

To SCRUMPLE, v. a. To ruffle. Lane, 

To SCRUNCH, V. [ScranUen, Belg. to 
scranch.] To crash, to press close to- 
gether with some slight noise. Somerset. 

HanU. 

SCRUNT, 8. An over-worn wig, besom, &c. 

Lane. 

SCRUSE, 8. A truce or perhaps excuse. 
A boy at play, wanting to tie his shoe 
calls out " Scruse," and does not lose his 
place in his game. Norf. Smf. 

SCRYLE, 8, Couch-grass. West, 

SCUD, 8, A scab. Somerset. 

To SCUG, 9. n. To hide. [Scugga. Isl. 
shade.] North. 

SCUG, 8. A sheltered place. Craven* 

SCUG, 8, A squirrel. Hants, 

SCUMFlSHEDy part. pass. Smothered; 
suffocated. North. 

To SCUN, V, a. To throw a stone. North, 

SCUPPIT, «. [Scoop.] A sort of hollow 
shovel to throw out water; a common 
shovel. Norf, 

A wooden shovel nsed by maltstera, hop- 
driers, &c. E, Sussex, Kent. 

7b SCURRY, t). [Perhaps from Scour, to 
run hastily.] To run briskly in pursuit. 

Norf. 

To SCUTCH, V, a. [To Scotch, to cut 
slightly.] To whip. To do a thing 
slightly or quickly. Lane. 



SEA. 



SEE. 



149 



To SCUTTER, v. n. [Schatteran, Sai. to 
Bcattefj to disperse.] To run about, 

Ck-aven. 
SCUFFLE, «. A linen garment worn by 
children to keep their clothes clean ; a 
pinafore ; a coarse apron worn by ser- 
vants when doing dirty work. E. Sussex, 
SEA/ «. A great quantity of any thing, as 
a sea of a load ; a heavy load. Sustex. 
So says Orose. I have never heard it, but 
Ocean is often used in the same sense. 
SEA-BOTTLE, s. Different species of the 
Sea-wrack are called Sea-bottles, in con- 
sequence of the stalks having round 
pods or seed-vessels. The pod itself. 

Somerset, 

SEA-CROW, ff. A cormorant. Somerset, 

In Hampshire a cormorant is called an 

« Isle of Wight parson." 

SEAL, 8. [Soel. Ang. Sax. opportunity.} 

Time; season; as hay-seal, wheat-seal. 

Norf. Suff. 
Hour, as *' he keeps bad Seals.'* 
*' Poachers are out at all Seals." 

Norf. Suf. 
To SEAL, V. a. [Sele, Sn. Goth, a collar.] 
To fasten cattle in their stalls. Craven, 
SEAM, s, [Seam. Sax. a load; Summa> 
Lat. a horse-load.] A " Seam of com" 
is eight bushels, or one quarter. A 
"Seam of wood" is a horse-load. 

South. 
SEAN, 8, [Segne, Sax.] A kind of net. 

Line, 
A very large net used on the coast of 
Hampshire, for catching* mackarel and 
herrings. It is used as follows, viz. : 
one end is made fast to the shore ; a 
boat rows out with the rest as far as it 
will reach, and then comes circling 
round with the other towards the shore, 
on reaching which, one party of men 
draw at one end, and another at the 
other, until the whole is brought to 
land, with all the fish it may contain. 

Hants, 
SEAR, aty, [Searian, Sax. to burn.] Dry ; 
burned up ; as. Sear wood is the old de- 
cayed wood in a coppice. When a pas- 
tore is dried up by the sun, it is said to 
look " Sear." E, Sussex. 

To SEARCE, V. a. Penning, [Sasser, Fr. 

to sift finely.] 
SEARCH, «. Hants, ^A fine sieve for sift- 
SEARSE or SARSE, Sing the meal from 

^oi^. 3 the bran. 
SEAVES, s. Rushes. NoHh. 

The pith of rushes dipped in fat and used 
as candles. North, 

, Young 99ions are called Sives in Hamp- 
shire, probably from the stalks resem- 
bling those of rushes. 
SEAV Y, adj. Rushy ; as, Seavy laud is 
rushy land. North, 

7b SEAWKE,v. To sock. Lane, 

SEAWL, «. [Ang. Sax.] Wet'atoff. Lane. 



SEAWNDLY, adv. Soundly. lane, 

SEAWR, o^'. Sour. Lane, 

These words seem nothing more than a 

broad pronunciation of the proper ones. 

To SECK, V, a, [Sockgan, Goth, hence 

to " Seek" is quite as correct as to 

** Seek."] To seek. York, 

To SEECH, V. a. To seek. Lane, 

SEE A, adv. fSwa. Goth.] So» Craven, 

SEEABETIDE, pAr. If so be. Craven. 

SEED, pret. of to See. Saw. Lane, York, 

«I zeed un." I saw him. Somerset, 

SEED-BIRD, s. A Water-wagtail. Craven, 

S^ED.LEP, SEED-1 

LEAP, SSeed ; and Leap, Ang. 

SEED-LIP, s. 3Sax. a basket. 

A wooden vessel of peculiar construc- 
tion, in which the sower carries his 
seed. Norf. Hants. Somerset, 

SEEDS-MAN, s, A foreman on a farm, 
whose business it is to sow the com. 

Hants, Susser, 
SEED-MAUND, s. [Mand, Sax. a basket.] 
A basket for sowing corn out of. Craven. 
SEEING-GLASS, s. A mirror or looking- 
glass. North, 
SEEK, adj. [Seco, Sax.] Sick. Craven, 
SEEL, s, A sieve. Lane, 
SEEL'N, adv, [Seldoen, Sax.] Seldom. DUto, 
SEELY, adj, [Syllan, Sax. to lean on one 
side ?] Weak in body or mind. Lane, 
SEEN, 8. A eow*8 teat, Bailey, 
SEER, adj. Several ; divers. North, 
SEER, aey, [Sur. Fr. sure.] Sure. Ditto, 
To SEER, V, a. To assure. Ditto, 
SEET, s. [Seeht. Belg. sight.] Quantity; 
multitude; "There wor a seet on^em." 

North. 

In the South we say, " there was a sight 

of them." 

To SEET, V, n, [Settan. Sax. to set.] To 

sit. North. 

To SEETE OWEY, v. [Aweg. Sax. 

away.] To set off or out. Lane. 

SEETRE, s. [To see; and Through.] Clolh 

worn 'till it is threadbare. Noiih, 

SEG or BULL^SEG, s, [Seg, Ang. Sax. 

Tim Bobbin.] A castrated boll. York. 

Lane, Norf. 
In Hampshire, Sussex, and Kent, Bull- 
stag, or Boar-stag, has the same 
meaning. 
SEFE, adj. Safe. lane. 

SEGS, s, [Scecg. Sax. sedge.] Sedge; 
rushes. (How* Cravenm 

SEGGARD, s, A safeguard; a kind of 
riding surtout so called. fVest. 

To SEIGH, v.n. To sag; to haog heavily 
on one side. North* 

SEIGN, atiU' Seven. Lane, 

SEL, pron. [Scotch.] Self. North, 

SELD, part, pass, of to Sell. Sold. ^ Craven. 

[Quite as correct as Sold.] 
SELN, pron, [Sel, Scotch.] Self. 
SELT, «• Chance. Chesh. 

SELTIMES, adv. Seldom. Somerset. 



ISO 



SENL 



SHA. 



S£MMIT« a^\ Limber* Grote, North. 

Bailey. 
SEMANT, ai/. Slender. North. 

SEMANZCy 8. [Corruption of Cement.] 
Glue; mortar. North. 

SEN^ pron* Self. North. 

To SEN, V. a. [Seeg^« Sax.] To lay. Lane. 
SEN or SIN> adv, [Sind, Belg.] Since. 

North. 

Sen is frequently made use of in E. Suatex. 

SENCION, t. [Senecio, Lat. Forby.] 

Common g^roundseU Norf, 

SENFY, ». [Can it be from Sign and Fio, 

Lat.] Sign; likelihood; appearance. 

North. 

SENSINE, adv, [Sen, Ttinoe ; and Syne, 

Scotch, time.] Since then. North. 

To SERVE, V. a. To impregnate ; the cow 

is served. Berks. Hants. Sussex, 

To SERVE, o. a. [Servir, Fr, to help.] 

To feed; to serve the hogs, it to give 

them their food. Hants. 

To SERTLE, v. a. [Perhaps a corruption 

of Startle.] To surprise ; to startle. Essex, 

S£SS*^POOL, ff. A hole in the earth into 

which all superfluous water and filth are 

drained off; the sediment which it 

leaves, being occasionally removed. 

Norf. ^^ussex. 
SET, s. A game at whist ; our rubbers con» 
sist of two or three sets. Norf. 

To SET, V. a* To astound ; to overcome 
with surprise. Norf. 

SETTER, 8. [Seta, Lat. a seton.] An 
issue for cows, &c. l/me. 

To SETTER^ v. a. To cut the dewlap of a 
cow or oxs for the purpose of inserting a 
seton. North. 

SETTER-WORT, s. A herb. North. Baiiey. 
SETTER-OUT, s. An editor. Craven. 

SETTING-PIN, «. A dibble. OloUe. 

SETTLE, s, [Setel, Sax.] A bench with 
a high wooden back placed near the fire 
in the kitchen of a farm-house or the 
tap-room of an inn. Norf. 8ui»e». 

SEVEN-YEAR, s. A period of seven years, 
as> " i have not seen him these two seven 
years." Norf, 

To SEW, V. a. To drain land. E. Sussex. 
SEW, s. [Sous. Fr. under.] An under- 
ground drain. North. B. Sussex. 
A wet ditch. North. 
SEWENT or SUENT, a4f. [Suivre, Ft. 
Suivant, following.] Even, regular, run- 
ning in regular succession. £xmoor. 

Hants. 

SEW, s. A cow is said to be gone to Sew, 

when her milk is dried off. Hants. 

Sussex, 

SHAB, s. [Schabbe, Belg.] The scab in 

sheep. fVest. 

SHAB-WATER,«« A liquor used to cure 

the Shab, made of tobacco chiefly. fVest. 

SHABBY, s. Having the Shab. Ditto. 

To SHACK, V. n, [Sheckan, Belg. to shake.] 

^To shed as com at harvest. North. 



SHACK, s. Stock, turned into the stubbles 
after harvest, are said to be at Shack. 
Ground lying open in common flelds. 

Notf. 
The liberty formerly exercised by the 
Lord, of turning his sheep on his tenant's 
land, during the six winter months. 

Norf Bailey. 

SHACKING-TIME, «. The seawm when 

mast is ripe. BaUey. 

To SHACK, V. n. To stroll about as a 

mendicant. 

SHACK-BAG, s. A mendicant. Noff. 

SHACK-FORK, s. A fork for shaking grain 

from the straw. Craven* 

SHACKING, s. An a^ue. Craoen. 

SHACKLE, s. The wrist, on which shackles 

or hand-cuffs are put. Craioen. 

SHACKLE, «. A twisted band, Somerset. 

SHACKLE-NET, s. A species of net, 

called a flue. Craven. 

SHACKY, 0(0*. Shabby; ragged; that is in 

a shaky state ; liable to fall^to pieces. 

Norf. 

SHAD, prcBt. Excelled. [Perhaps from 

Shade, as a large growing tree in a wood 

shades, and keeps under, the smaller 

ones. Lane 

Divided. IHtto. 

To SHAFFLE, v. n. [Scyfferling, Sax. 

shuffling and why not Shaffling?] To 

shuffle or walk lame. (^aven. 

SHAFTM AN, s. [Ang. Sax. Tim Bobbin.] 

The length of a flst with the thumb 

standing up. Lane. 

SHAG, 8. A piece of bread or cheese. 

North. 
A blackguard. Sujf* 

[Perhaps corrupted firom Shack, Shack- 
bag, a mendicant.] 
A cormorant, from its shaggy rough 
appearance. Hants, Sussex. 

** As wet as a shag," means venr wet, as 
the shag or cormorant dives frequently 
under water. Hants, Sussex, 

A shag, from its colour and place of re- 
sort, is called an ''^isle of Wight 
Parson.'* Hants, 

To SHAIL-ABOUT, v. n. To move as if 
the bones were loose in their sockets, 
like a ripe nut in its shell. [Schale. 
Belg. shell.] Norf. 

SHAKES, s. pU Condition ; bargain. HanU. 

Sussex. 

" How are you to day ? No great Shnkes. 

Is that a good horse you bought ? No 

great Shakes. 

To SHALE, V, n. To drag the feet heavily. 

Craven. 
To SHALM, SHARM, SHAWM, v. n. 
To scream shrilly and vociferously. 

Norf. 

SHALDERrt. A broad, flat rush, growing 

in ditches. Somerset. 

To SHAM, V. n. [Sceam, Sax. shame.] 

To blush. Craven, 



SHA. 



SHI. 



151 



SHAMNEL, f. AmaiovHnewomaB. Olouc. 
SHAMPILLIONSy «. ChampigDions. 

Surrey. 

shamble:, V, a. [Scamble.] To drive 

away and ditperae. Norf. 

SHAN, t. Shamefacedness. Line, 

SHANDY or SHANNY, a^j. Wild. Norf. 

North. 

SHARD, «. [Schaetde, Frisick.] A gap in 

a hedge. E. Sustex, Somersel, 

Th SHARK or SHERK, v. a. To cheat. 

Bxvioor. 

A notch. Olow* 

SHARN,f. Dang. [Tent.] lane. 

SHARNEBUDE, ». A beetle. Bailey. 

SHORNBUG, ». A chaflfer. R. Sutiex. 

[Sbarn, dung ; Bagr, Brit., many of the 
beetle tribe breeding in dunp^.] 
SHARP, ff. The shaft of a vehicle. 

Someraet* E, Sustex, 
SHARPS, #. Coarse flour. NoHh. South. 
SHAVE, s. A coppice. 



Kent. 

SHAW,'«. [Schawe. Dnt.] A small hang- 
ing wood. Eent, E. Sussex, 

SHAY, s. A light colour. [ShadeJ Kent. 

SHAWL, •• A wooden shovel without a 
handle, to put corn into a winnowing 
machine. Em Sussex. 

[Cormptiott of Shovel.] 

SHAWNTY, adj. [GentiL Pr.J Shewy; 
flashy ; affecting taste in dress. ^^Tf* 

T^ SHEAR, 9. a, [Scearan, Sax.] To 
leap corn. Norf. North. 

SHED, 9. Difference. [Sceadan. Sax. to 
distinguish.] Lane, 

7^ SHED, V. n. To excel. [See Shad.] 

North. 

SHEER, ff. A spear, as an eel-sheer. 

S. Sussex, 

SHEER, adj. Brittle; bright red. Norf, 
SHEENSTRADS,4. Spatter*dashes. Exmoor. 
SHEER, ff. A sheath. Somerset. 

SHELD, SHELLED, qdj. Fftrty coloured. 
Piebald. Suff. South. 

A Sheld-drake, is party coloured. 
3b SHELVE, v. a. [Shehre, to slope. ] To 
turn manure out of a cart, by raisings the 
fore part, so that the bottom may shelve 
or slope. E. Sussesx 

SHELVINQS, t. Additional top-Mdes lo a 
cart. North. 

To SHBAL, IN «. [Sceal. Sax. a shelL] To 
separate, aa, to Sheal milk, is to curdle 
it. North, 

To Sheal peas or beans, is to take them 
out of the pod. Hants. 

SHERES or SHIRES, ff. Counties ending 
in Shire, aa Hampshire, Wiltshire, &c. 
In Norfolk, Suffolk, Essex, Kent, and 
Sussex, when they speak of a person 
coming from a distance they say, he 
comes out of the shires; shere-man. 

Norf, 

SHIPPEN, ff. [Soypene. Ang. Sax. an ox- 

slalL] Craven, 

(Perhaps Sheep and Pen; in E. Sussex 



sheep are called Ship.) A cow-house 

or sheep pen. Nttrlh, 

Farm-buildings. North. Devon* 

SHIVE, ff. [Shave, shaving.] A slice. Craven, 

A small and thin slice. Norf. 

A small iron wedge, with which the bolt 

of a window shutter is fastened. Norf. 

A thin wooden bung, used by brewers to 

stop their casks very close with. 

London. 
SHINDY, ff. A noise. JVarw.E. Sussex. 
To SHIE or SHY, e. n. To start, as a fear- 
ful, or shy, horse does. Hants^ SussejB. 
To SHIE or SHY, e. a. To avoid a person. 

^ Hants, Sussex. 

SHIFTS, ff. Parts of a farm allotted for the 

reception of stock or crops. Norf, 

To SHIFT, V. a. To change one's clothes. 

Noif. Hants, Sussex. 
SHIFTENING, ff. A change of linen. Norf 
SHIFTING, ff. The partition of land among 
co-heirs, where gavel-kind prevails; 
to divide. [Seiftan, Sax.] Kent, 

To SHIRL, V, n. To slide on the ice. North. 
SHIGGED, part. pass. [Shagged, ragged.] 
Reduced to beggary. Craven. 

SHILLIN, ff. Shelled oats. Craven.. 

SHIM, ff. A horse-hoe used for cleaninje 
the ground between rows of beans or <m 
hops. Kent, E. Sussex. 

SHIM, ff; [Scima. Ang. Sax. splendour.] 
A narrow stripe of white in a horse's 
face. Norf. 

To SHIMMER, v. n. To glimmer; to shine 
faintly. Norf. 

To SHIMPER, V, n. [Scymrian. Sax. to 
shine.] To shine ; to glitter. E. Sussex.. 
To SHIMPER, V. n. To simmer. Niyrf. 
SHIRE- W AY, ff. A bridle-way. 8. Sussex. 
SHOAF, ff. A sheaf. Norf, 

SHOCKER, ff. [Shocking decency.] A 
person of infamous character. Craven. 
7b SHOD, V. a. To shed ; to spill. Somerset. 
SHOCK, ff. A pile of sheaves in a wheat 
field, Qonsisting of twelve. Hanis. 

SHOD or SHUD, ff. A shed. Norf. 

SHOB,pftm. [Seo. Sax,] She. Craven. 
SHOES AND STOCKINGS, ff. The variety 
of polyanthus which has one flower 
sheathed in anothen Norf. 

A wild flower of the cypripedinm genni« 

Sussex, Hants. 
In E. Sussex called Pattens and Clogs. 
7bSKOG,v. a* Tdjog. [Shocken. Sax.] 

Lane Bants. 
To Shog-on, is to Jog, or move on slowly. 

North. 
SHOLT, ff. A cur. Norf, 

SHOO, ff. A shovel. Lane. 

SHOODS, ff. Oat-ehaff. NoHh. 

SHOODERS, ff. Shoulders. Craven^ 

To SHOOL or SHULVS, r. n. To saunter, 
to walk indolently and lazily, Norf, 

SHOOLER, ff. An idle, lazy fellow. E. Suss. 
SHOOLINGjff. Going about begging lic^uor. 

Craven. 



152 



SHO. 



SHR. 



SHORING, a^j. Aslant ; awry ; oblique 
as a shore is> when placed to support a 
building. Nwf. 

SHO RUNG, t. [Shearling, shear, shorn- 
ling; Lingadimin.; a shearling is a sheep 
of the first year's shearing. SovAh, 

A sheep skin, when the fleece is taken oflF. 

Bailey. 

SHORT, adj. Soft and friable, as cakes 

or pastry when there is plenty of butter 

used. Norf, Suff, Hants, 

To SHOO, V. a. [Shue, Low, Sc.] To scare 

birds. Norf, 

To SHOORE, V. n. To shift for for a living. 

Exmoor, 
SHOOT, 8. A narrow steep lane.Zi^ of Wight. 
SHOOTY, adj* Corresponding in size or 

growth. 
SHOOT or SHEET, s. A young pig, which 
is growing or shooting up. Hants, Suss, 
SHOT-FLAGON, or COME-AGAIN, s. The 
host's pot, given when the guests have 
drunk about a shillings worth of ale. 

Derby, 

SHOT-ICE, s, A sheet of ice. Craven. 

SHOTS, s. The refuse of cattle, taken out 

of a drove. Craven, 

SHOTTS, s. A species of small trout. Com. 

SHOUPS,«. Hips. Craipen. 

To SHOVE, V. n. [Pronounced like grove.] 

To cast the first teeth ; to germinate or 

shoot. Norf, 

To put the loose corn into cops or heaps, 

for the convenience of beii^ taken up. 

E. Sussex, 

SHOWCL,!. A blind for a cow's eyes, 

made of wood. South, 

SHOWEL^ s. A shovel. Wane. Shulve, 

Norf, Showl^ Som, Shoo, Lane, 

Shawl, Sussex, are all corruptions of 

Shovel. 

SHRAMMED WITH COLD, pkr. Pinched 

and shrivelled up with cold. Hants, 

To SHRAPE, V, a. To cold. E. Sussex, 

SHRAPE or SCRAPE, «. [Schrapan, Belg. 

to scrape.] 

A place baited with com to entice birds ; 

probably in winter, when the snow is 

■craped away for that purpose. Bailey. 

SHRAVY, a4f. Gravelly ; applied to land, 

as " this is a Shravy soil." Hants, 

SHRIEVY, adj. Having threads withdrawn. 

Sussex. 
SHREEVE, s. The sheriff; the Shire- 
Reeve. Norf, 
SHREW, s. [Sbreawa, Sax.] A field 
mouse. Craven. 
SHROGS, s. Bushes or underwood. Craven, 
Chogs are the refuse trimmings of the 
hop roots, in the spring, when they are 
dressed previously to poling. E, Sussex, 
To SHROUD or SHRIDE, v. a. [Screa- 
dan. Sax. Shrida, Isl. to shred.] To cut 
off wood from the sides of trees. Som. 
SHROUD or SHRIDE, t. Wood cut off 
from the sides of trees. 



To *' Shrip," is to pee] or shred. B. Sussem. 
SH ROUGH, s. Fragments of sticks; bits 
of coal, cinders, &c. Refuse ; sweep- 
ings. Norf. 
SHKOVY, iu(/. Shabby ; ragged ; squalid. 

Norf. 
To SHIRK, V. a. To neglect ; to evade ; he 
shirked his itork; he shirked the ques- 
tion. Sussex, Hants. 
SHIRL4:OCK, s. [Shrill.] The misle- 
thush. Cfaven. 
To SHUN, V. a. To save. South, To push. 

Hants. 
SHU, s, A word to frighten poultry. Lane. 

Hants, 
SHUCK, 8, [Shucke, Germ.] A husk or 
pod ; pea-shuck, &c. Hants. 

SHUCKISH, adj, [Shakish.] Showery, 
changeable weather. Hants. 

SHUPP1CK,«. A hay fork. Gloue. 

To SHUG, V. a. To shrug ; to scratch. 

Somerset. E.Sussex. 

SHUG, or SHUCK-TROT, s. [See Shog.J 

A slow, shaking trot. Norf. 

TbSHUG, V. a. To shake. Norf 

SHUG; SHUGGING, s, A concussion. Norf. 

SHUT, fMxrt. pass. To be "Shut** of any 

one, is to get rid of him* E, Sussex. 

To spend. [Schuldt, Belg. debt.] Craven, 

SHUTTER, 8. A foil of earth. [Shoot.] 

• Craven. 

SHUTTING-IN, s. The evening. Norf. 
SHUTTLE, adj. Slippery ; sliding. Sam. 
SIBBERIDGE, s. The banns of matrimony. 

Grose. 
SIB, adj. [Ang. Sax.] Akin. North. 

SICK, SIKE, s, A watercourse, dry in 
summer. 

[Snk, Arab, a defile ; Sich Sax. a furrow.] 

North. 
SICKERLY or SICERY, ado. Surely. 

North. 
SlDE,adJ, Long. [Side, Ang. Sax. long.] 

Norf, North. 

To SIDE, V, a. To put in order ; to decide 

or settle anything; to coincide; to 

agree. Craven. 

[Corrupted from Decide.] 

To SIDE-WITH, V. To take part with any 

one in an argument or quarrel. Sussex* 

Hants. 
SIDDA, 8. [Seodan, Sax. to seethe.] 

Peas or vegetables, that boil soft. Glouc, 
SIDELINGS, adv. Aside ; on one side. 

Noff, Craven. 

SIDELANDS, s. The outside parU of a 

ploughed field, adjoining the hedges, 

running parallel with the lands or warps. 

Hants, fV, Sussex. 
SIDELINGS, 8, Balks between, or on the 
sides of, the ridges of ploughed lands. 

BaUey. 
To SIDLE, V. n. To saunter. NoHh. 

To hang to at the side of, or about, a per- 
son, for the purpose of saying some- 
thing. South. 



SI a 



siz. 



153 



S1D&-W A VBR, f . The parline of a roof. Nu 
SIDY^ aiif. Surly ; moody. 8tu$ex, 

BaHey. Chose, 
To SIE9 p. ». To stretch, as a rope^ gloves, 
&e. North. 

SIEVER, s.' All the fish caught in one tide, 
and which probably w«re put into a 
Sieve. E. Sutiex. 

To SlYF, V. n [SeofUn, Ang. Sax. to 
mourn.] To sigh. North. Gh is fre- 
quently pronounced t, and why not in 
sigh. 
SIG, f . Urine. Somerset, 

SIGH, 9. [Seon, Aug. Sax. to distil.] A 
drop. CraK>en. 

SIKKRER, adj. Securer. Strutt's S]K>rU, 
and Pastimes of the people of England. 
SILE, ff, [Syle, Belg. a conduit.] A sieve. 

Craven, 
SILE, ff. [Siltan, to soil] Filth. BaUey. 

SMSiex. 
To SILE, V. n. To pour down with rain. 

North. 

To S1LE, r. fi. To sit down ; to faint. North. 

SliXY, adj. Sickly; poorly. NoHh, 

SILLYBAUK,ff. A syllabub. Line, 

SILT, SILTH, ff. [Siltan, Sax. to soil.] 

Sand or mud deposited and left by a 

flood. Noff, B, Sussex. 

To SILT-UP, V, n. To become ao choaked 

up with filth or sediment of any kind, as 

to leave no passage for the water, as in a 

ditch or bed of a river. Norf. E. Sussex. 

8ILKER, s. A court card, perhaps from 

their rich dresses. Somenet, 

SIM IT, adf. [Smeth, Sax J Smooth. Cro. 

7b SIMPERT, V. n. [Simper, a silly or 

affected smile.] 

To mioee words affectedly. Lane. 

SIN, ado. [Sind,Belg.] Since. North. 

Sine* Somerset' 

SINGLET, ••An undyed woollen waistcoat, 

g being in its single or unmixed state. 

Lane, 
SINK-DIRT, ff. Channel mud. Lane. 

8INGLE-GUSS, ff. The plant orchis. Som 
8INDINO, 8. Washing ; rinsing. Craxen. 
To SINE, n. n. To cease milking a cow. 

Craven. 

SIN-SYNE. ado. Since that. Craven. 

To SIPE, 9. n. [Sip.] To oose or drain 

out slowly. North. 

SIPPETS, ff. Little sops. Bailey. Sussas. 

HanU, 

To STRPLE, V, a. To sipple. North. Grose. 

S ISS, ff. A great fat, woman. Essmoor. 

8ITTEN-ON, pan. jxiw. Milk, when it is 

burned in the pan, is said to be Sittin on. 

Ill-thriven. Craven, 

To 8ITHE, V, %. To sigh. Norf. I knew 

a clergyman who always read " Sithing," 

tor *' sighing of a contrite heart." 

SIZELY, £u<y. Nice; proud; coy. North. 

To SIZZEN, V. n. [Perhaps from the sound.] 

To hiss. North. 

SIZZEN, ff. Barm; yeast Stmth. Bailey. 

Sussex. 



7o SIZZUP, r. a. [Seise up.} To beat. 

LTOIWII. 

To SIZZLE, V. ft. To dry and shrivel up 
wiih hissing, as any greasy or Juicy sub- 
stance does by the action of fire. Norf. 
Size of BREAD, and CUE of BREAD, 
8 [Size, scindo, scissus, Lat. cut, and 
Q for Qr.] A half and a quarter of a 
half-penny loaf. Cambridge. 

SRADDLE,ff. Hurt; damage. B€uUy. 

S K ADDLE, a£{;. Ravenous. BaUey. 

SKADE, ff. [Scade, Sax.] Harm; mis- 
chief. E. Sussem. 
To SKAG, V. a. [Crag, scrag.] To give an 
accidental blow, so as to tear the clothes 
or flesh. Somerset. 
SKAG, ff. An accidental blow; any slight 
wound or rent. Stfmerset. 
7b SKALE, or SKAIL, e. a. To scatter 
and throw abroad,as mole-hills are thrown 
when levelled. 
To stir the fire. NoHh. 
SKAM,prcl. ofv. To Skim. Lane. 
SKARE, ai^'. Wild; timid; shy. North. 
To SKATCH, V. a. [See to Scotch.] 
SKATH, ff. Loss ; harm ; wrong. Derby. 
SKATHY, adj. Ravenous; mischievous. 

(Scathe, Sax. waste.) 
SKEEL, ff. [Scell, Ang. Sax. hollow.] A 
milking-pail ; a pail with one handle. 

North. 

SKEELINO or SKILIJNG, ff. A bay of a 

barn. Bailey. 

That inner part of the bam, where the 

slope of the roof comes. 
The side of a garret or upper room, where 
the slope of the roof interferes with 
the upright [See Skillered.] Hants. 
SKEG, ff. A wild plum of a reddish colour, 
growing in hediges. Bailey. 

Perhaps the same as Scad in E. Sussex. 
To SKEER,«. a. To mow lightly over,applied 
to pastures, which have been summer fed. 
To SKEER, V. ». To move quickly, slight- 
ly touching. 
SKEER-DEVIL, ff. The black martin or 

swift. 

SKEERINGS,ff. plu. Hay made from the 

pasture lands. iSlMiierffef. 

(Scearan, Sax. to shear.) 

SKELL-BOOSE, s. [Scull-head; and to 

, Bouse, a sea»term — to make | anything 

tight and fasU] The head of the stalls 

of cattle. North* 

SKELLERED, part. pass. [Scheclaert, 

Belg.] Warped. Craven. 

SKELLER-BRAINED, atff. Disordered in 

intellect. Craven. 

SKELLlT,ff. [Escuellet, Fr.] A small pot 

with a handle. <<Skellut" is anything 

crooked. Lane, 

SKELP, s. [Skelfa, Isl. a stroke.] A blow. 

Craven. 

A strong kick. Norf. 

To SKELP, V, a. To kick with violence, f^ 

SKELPER, ff. A large thing of any kind. 

Gi'ose, 

V. 



154 



SKE. 



SKI. 



SKELPINO, €4j. Fall ; lai]^ ; bursting. 
SKEMMEL, «. A long form or stool. North. 
To SKEN, V, n. [Scant ?] To squint. Lane. 
SKENTIN,aJi. [Scant?] Unkindly ; applied 
to cattle tliat IV ill not fatten. Somenei, 
SKENTER, «. An animal that will not 

fatten. 
SKEW-WHIFT, €k\j. [Askew, from Skef, 
Belg. oblique; and perhaps Whififed, 
blown.] Awry. Lane* Hants. 

To SKEW or SKIVER^ 0. a. To skewer. 

SomcTiet* 
SKIP, s. A basket, wider at top than at 
the bottom. Norf. 

SREP, s. A bee Skep ; a bee*hive. Norf, 
SKEPE, s. A flat broad basket, to winnow. 
Com in Craven. A Skip in £. Sussex is 
a small wooden or metal utensil for tak- 
ing up yeast. May not all these words 
be from Schoepen, Belg. to scoop ? 
SKERLINO,jxire.ac<. [Squalling.] Scream- 
ing. Craven. 

To SKEYL, 9. n. a. To lean on one side. To 
Skeyl up ; to throw up the fore part of a 
cart, in order to shoot out the load. To 
overturn. North. 

(See Skellered.) 
SKEYL-BEASTy t. The partition of cattle- 
stalls. North. 
To SKEW, v.n. To start aside^ as a horse; 
that is, to go askew. Norf. 
SKEW-BALD, a(^'. Pied, or party-co- 
loured. Nor/. 
To SKEW, V. a. To throw violently. 

Craven. 
To look askant. Craven. 

To SKINCH, V. a. [Skin, skinflint.] To 
stint. Norf. 

To SKINK, V. n, [Scene, Ang. Sax. a 
draught.] To serve at table, particularly 
with drink. Norf, 

SRINKER, s. One who serves drink, par- 
ticularly he who fills the glasses, and 
orders liquor for a party in an alehouse. 

Norf 
SKINNY, <u(/. Mean; inhospitable. 

Warw. Sussex. HafUt 
To SKICE, V. n. To play and frolick about 

fVest. 

To run quickly and slily, so as to escape 

detection. W. Sussex. 

To SKID, V. a. To check a wheel going 

down hill. 
SKID-PAN, s. The iron, used to Skid with. 

Sussex, 
SKIDDEY-COCK, «. A watei^reil. West. 
SKIFF-HANDED, adj. [Schef, Belg. 
askew.] Left-handed; awkward. Som. 
To SKIFT, r. a. [Schiften, Belg.] To re- 
move ; to shift. Craven. 
To SKILL, V. a. To know. Craven. 
ToSK\ME,v.n. To squint; to draw up 
the nose scornfully. North. 
To SKIMMER, v. n. To flutter, or frisk 
about lightly. Iforf 
SKIR or SKEER, adj. Sharp. (See Skeer.) 

Sussex, Grose. 



SKTRE, a4^f, Loose, open, thin« Lane. 
To SKIRL> V. n. To scream. [Sqoall ?] 

North. 
To SKIRL, 9. a. [Cy/lan, Sax. to curl.] To 

shrivel up anything by means of too much 

heat. Norf. 

SKIRL or SCREES, t. Small stones or 

pebbles. North. 

SKIRMIDGE,«. A skirmish. Norf. 

To SKIT, V. n. To reflect upon. Noif. 

North. 
SKIT, s. An oblique stroke of wit. ^Norf. 

(Skyct Dan. skittish, wanton, volatile.) 
To SKIVE, 9. a. [Skifba, Su. Goth.] To 

pare off the thicker parts of hides. 
SKIV1NGS, s. pi. The parings of hides. 

Norf. 
SKIVER, s. [Skeve, Dan.] A skewer. 

Somersei, 
SKIWINKIN, adj. ado. [Askew ; and wink- 
ing.] Awry; crooked; warped. Norf. 
SKIZZLE, t. A hrge marble, rolled along 

the ground, to displace others in a ring. 

Norf. 
To SKRAM, 9. a. To benumb with cold. 

Somerset. 
SKRAM, adj. Awkward ; stiff, as if be- 
numbed. Somerset. 
SKRAM-HANDED, adj. Having the fin- 

gers in such a state as makes it difficult 

to move them. Somerset, 

Shrammed ; benumbed. HarUs. 

SKUFF, s. A precipice. North. 

SKREED, s. [Sereadan, Sax. to shred.] 

A border of cloth. North. 

To SKRENT, 9. a. To bum ; to scorch.S'ofn. 
To SKRIKE, 9. n. [Skrigar, Dan.] To 

shriek. North. 

SKROW, aii. Surly ; ill-tempered. Suss. 
SKRUNTY, adj, [Scrumpling.] Low ; 

stunted. Craven. 

SKUMMER, ff. [Scum.] Foulness made 

with a dirty liquid. Somerset. 

To SCHMMER, 9. a. To make foul. Som. 
SLAIFF, s, A shallow dish, almost a 

trencher. ^ North. 

SLAAP or SLAPE, adj. Slippery. NoHh. 
SLAB, s. [Slabben. Sax. to slabber.] A 

puddle. North. 

SLABBY, adj. Dirty. Hants. Sussex. 

SLAB,ff. A drudge; a mason's boy, who 

does the dity work. Norf. 

SLACHING, part. act. [Slack?] Idling. 

Craven. 
SLADE, s. [Sited, Ang. Sax. a valley.] A 

green road. 
SLADE, s. [Slade,Run.] A sledge. 
To SLADE, 9. a. To carry goodsjon a 

sledge. Norf. 

SLACK, s. [Slakur, Isl.] A valley. Cra. 
SLACK, adj. Dull; low. Craven. 

SLANY, t. A slattern. GUntc. 

SLAGGS, s. Stony coals. Craven. 

(Slag is the dross of metals. Fermm^) 
SLAIGH, s. [Sla, Sax. a sloe.] The fruit 

of the black-thorn. Xoiie. 

SLAIN-CORN, s. Com affected with mil* 



SLA. 



SLE. 



155 



dew or smut ; heoce destroyed or slain. 

Craven, 
To SLAIR-ABOUT, o. n. To wander about 
idly. Craven, 

SLAIT, s. An accustomed ran for sheep. 

A place to which any one is accustomed. 

To SLAIT, V, a. To accustom. Somerset 

Tb.SLAlT, V. a. [To Slack or slake.] To 

make quick lime in a fit state for use, by 

putting water on it. Somerset* 

SLAKE, ff. [Slack ; loose, at liberty.] 

Leisure. Grose. Norf, 

SI«AM-TRASH, s, A sloven. Chrose, 

SLAP£:-ALE, s. Plain ale, unmixed with 
anything, as herbs, &c. North, Badey. 
SLAFEl^ 8. A piece or part. Suss. Ditto, 
To SLAR, SLARE. Norf, 

To SLART. Craven. 

(Sloore, Belg. to slur.) To bedaub. 

To SLAT, V. a. To split ; to crack ; to 

cleave. Somerset, 

To SLAT or SCLAT,.«. n. To beat with 

violence against any things as rain against 

a window. [Schlatte, Germ, battle.] 

Hants, 
SLAT, part, pass. Dirtied or made wet. 

Lane, 
SLAT, s. A share. Bailey, 

SLATE, ff. A pod or husk, as of peas, &c. 
^* The peas are well slated." Hants, 

To SLATTER, v, a, [Slaetti, Swed. a slat- 
tern.] To spill. North. 
To wash in a careless and slatternly man- 
ner. Norf, 
Slattering weather is showery. Norf. 
SLAZY, adj. [Slaicht, Goth. Sleazy, Fen- 

ning,^ 

Of loose and open texture ; weak. Norf, 

In Somerset they have to *^ Sleeze,*' and 

Sleezy, adj. in the same sense. 

To SLEAK-OUT the TONGUE, is to put 

it out by way of scorn. Chesh, 

SLECK, s, [See Slaggs.] Small pit coal. M. 

To SLECK, r. a. [Slack or slake.] To 

quench the Are i to allay thirst. North. 

SLED,s. [SeeSlad.] A valley. Craven, 

SLED-TROUGH, ff. A person sluggish in 

his gait. Craven, 

To SLEECH, 0. a. To dip up water. North, 

SLEECH, ff. Sediment left by water in a 

river or harbour. E.Sussex, 

SLEEPER, ff. The stump of a tree left in 

the ground. Norf. 

A piece of timber laid on the ground to 

nail broads to. Sussex. 

A TushlighL Norf. 

SLEEPY, a4f. Tasteless; insipid; said of 

an apple which is approaching to a 

rotten state.! I Hants. Sussex. 

SLEEVELESS, adj. Unsuccessful. Craven. 

Shakspeare, 

A sleeveless errand, is the going to some 

place to no purpose. Lane. 

SLEIGHT, ff. [Slayd, Isl.] The knack of 

doing anything; ready calculation; 

shrewd judgment. Norf, 



To SLEN, V, n. [Slant.] To slope. Som' 
SLENT, ff. A gentle slope in the surface of 
the ground. Norf. 

SLEY or SLAY,ff. A weaver's reed. 

North. 

To SLENCH, V. n. To hunt privately, as 

dogs do to steal food. [Slingan, Sax. to 

slink.] North. 

To SLICK, V. a. To comb, or make sleek, 

the hair. E. Sussex. 

SLICK, adj. [Sleek.] Slippery. Kent. 

SLICKEN, a4f. [Slecht, Belg. sleek.] 

Smooth. Lane. 

'SLID, intj. God's hid or eye ; as S'blood, 

God's blood. Lane. 

SLIFT, ff. [Slifan, Sax. to sliver.] The 

fleshy part of a leg of beef. Norf. 

SLIFTER, ff. A cleft; a crevice. North. 

SLIGHTY, adj. [Slight.] Slim ; weak. 

Norf. 
SLIM, adj. Sly ; cunning. [Schlim, Sax,] 

Lane. 

Naughty; crafly. Line. 

SLlMSLACKET,a<li. [Slim; and Slack.] 

Of very thin texture ; loose and flaccid. 

Norf. 

To SLINK, V, a. To bring forth its young 

before its proper time ; said of a cow. 

Norf. E. Sussex, 

SLINK-CALF, ff. An abortive calf ; one 

that Slinks, and sneaks out before its 

time. Norf. E, Sussex. 

SLINK-VEAL. ff. Miserably lean veal, not 

better than that of a Slink calf. Norf. 

(Schlenken. To cast from or forth. Forby.) 

SLINGET, ff. A narrow strip of ground. 

fForcester. 

To SLIPE-OFF, V. a. To strip off the skin 

or bark of anything; to uncover a 

house. North. 

SLIPPER-SLOPPER, ae^. Loose and slo. 

venly, having the slippers or shoes down 

at heel. Somerset. 

To SLITHER or SLITTER, v. n. [Slide, 

the d being changed into th ; as burden, 

burthen ; murder, murther.] ^ 

To Slide. Craven. Somerset. 

To SI JVE, V. n. To sneak. [Slide ?] Line. 

To SU\E,v. a. [SeeSlift.] To split. 

NoHh. 
SLIVE-ANDREW, SLIVEN, ff. [Corrup- 
tion of Sloven ?] 
An KflOy slovenlv fellow. North. 

SLIVERLY, adj. Jrafty. Line. 

SLOBBERERS,ff. Slovenly farmers. NoHh* 
SLOB-FURROWING, s. A particular me- 
thod of ploughing. Norf, Grose, 

To SLOCK, V, a. To obtain clandestinely. 

Somerset. 
To SLOCKET, v, n. To pilfer. Berks. 

To SLOCKEN, v, a. [Slacken.] To choak ; 
to damp the fire. North. 

To SLOCKSTER, v, a. To waste. Somerset. 
To SLOD, V. n. To wade^ through mire, 
half dissolved snow, &c. [See Sloode.] 

Norf. 



156 



SLO. 



SMO. 



8L0MAKING, adj. SemeneU Warw. 

SLOMAX, adj. fVarw. 

SLAMMERKiN. HanU. 

(Slow and Mawkin. Jmnrnga. Can it be 

Slow-making?) Untidy; slatternly. 
To SLOOAR, «• a. To giasp. Lime, 

SLOODE»«. [Slad^Isl. Slot; the tiack of 

a deer.] 

Tba track of cart wheels. Lane. 

SLOP, $, [Ang. Sax. a robe.] An outside 

garment, reaching to mid-leg, worn by 

childienf and some workmen. Norf. 

SLOP, $, Underwood. Norf. 

To SLOP, «. II. [Slap, Belg. to slope.] To 

bend or bevil. Ltme, 

SLOPE, «. The step or bar of a ladder or 

gate. North' 

SLOPPERY, ff. A dirty woman. Lane. 
SLOPP£R,a($. Loose ; not fixed. Sum. 
2b SLOT, V. a. [Sluy ten, Bek.] To shut 

or bolt a door. Line. Craven. 

To BLOT, V. a. [Slad, Ul.] To track. 

Hants* 
S^rtsmen use the following terms : Slot 
a deer ; prick a hare ; print a fox. 
SLOTCH, «. A greedy clown. Lane. 

To SLOTTER, v. a. To dirty ; to spill. 

Sonurset. 

SLOTTER, «. Any liquor thrown about^ or 

accidentally spilled on the ground. 80m. 

SLOTTERINO, a<i(/. Filthy; wasteful. S<hi». 

[Perhaps corrupted from Slop.] 
To SLOUCH, V. n. [See Slush.] To put 
the foot into water. Norf, 

SLOUGH, t. A husk ; thus the cast skin of 
a snake is called a Slough. North. 

SLOUM, «. [Slumeran, Sax. to slumber.] 
A gentle sleep or slumber. North. 

SLOVEN-WOOD, «. The plants Southern- 
wood. Norf. 
SLUB, s. Norf. E. Sussex. 
SLUDGE. Craven. 
SLOSH or SLUSH. Craven. E. Sussex. 
Dirt ; mud ; dirty water ; loose mud. 
These words seem to own the same origin 
as do to Sloytch. Lane, to take up 
water — to Slousb. Sussex, to throw 
about water— Slush, Norf, filthy talk- 
Slushy, iVbr/. E. Sussex. Miry ; full of 
loose dirt. 
[Slabberen> Sax. to slabber, slobber, slub- 
ber, slub; or, Sluyse, Belg. sluice. 
Slosh, slush, sloush, sloytch.] 
SLUG-HORN, s. A short, ill-formed horn 
of a cow or ox ; stunted. [Slug, a snail.] 

Norf. 

SLUGGARD Y-GUISE, «. The habit of a 

sluggard. Somerset. 

SLUCK-A-BED,«. A sluggard. Ditto. 

To SLUMP, V. n. To sink suddenly and 

deep info any wet or dirty place. North. 

Norf. 
[Dimp; plump.] 
To SLUR, V. n. To slide.' North. 

SLUR, SLURRY, «. Loose, thin mud. Norf. 
[To Slur is to sully or soil.] 



To SLURRU P, ». a. To »» allow any IkiukI 

greedily, and with a noise of the lips or 

in the throat. [From the sound.] Norf. 

To SMARTLE AWAY, v. n. To waste 

away. North. 

To SMASH, o. a. [Mash.] To beat to 

atoms. North. 

^ All to smash :" all to pieces. Somerset. 

Hants. 

SMEAGRE, adj. [Smicre, Ang. Sax. thin. 

Porby^] Thin; lean. Norf. 

SMEATH, s. [Smeth, Sax. smooth.] An 

open level of considerable extent. Norf, 

SMEECH, s. Fine dust raised in the air. 

Somerset. 
SMICK, SMICKET,t. Dimin. of smock. 

Norf, 
SMIDDY9 s. [Smithy.] A blacksmith's 
shop. Cra»en. 

To SMIT, 9. a. [Smittee, Sax. smut.] To 
mark. Craven. 

SMIT, s. A black spot. Lane. 

SMITS, ff. Small particles of soot. Craven. 
SMITTLE, t. [Smitten, Sax. to smite.] 
Infection. Craven. 

SMOCK-FROCK, ff. A linen garment 
worn by labourers over their other 
clothes; called injhe South a round- 
frock. Norf. South. 
SMOCK-MILL, ff. A wind-mill, sUnding 
on wood alone, while one with brick- 
work on the lower part is called a Tower- 
mill. Norf. 
In Hants, a mill standing on a post aloae, 
without brick-work or wood-work 
raised from the ground, so as to form a 
ground floor, is called a Post-mill, 
while the other is called a Smock- 
mill. 
SMOLT, adj. Smooth and shining. B. Sussex. 
To SMOORN, V. a. To smear. B. Sussex. 
To SMOOR, V, a. [Smear.] To smooth ; 
to pat. Somerset. 
7b SMOOR, V. a, [Smoran, Sax. to smother.} 
To smother ; to heat. North. 
SMOOT-HOLE, s. A hole in a fence ur 
passage for hares or sheep. Craven. 
SMOPPLE, adj. Brittle; as Smopple wood ; 
Smopple pie-crust. North. 
To SMORE, V, n. To abound ; to swarm. 

Norf. 

SMORE, ff. A great multitude, applied to 

people or animals. Has it anything to 

do with More ? Noff* 

SMOTCH, ff. A blot or stain. [Smotx, S. 

Goth, a spot.] 

To SMOTCH, e. a. To stain ; to deflle. Norf. 

SMOUCH, ff. [Smack, smatch.] A coarse 

kiss. Noff. 

To SMOUCH, V. a. To kiss with a load 

smack. Norf, 

Smeawtch. l>ane. 

SMUDGE, ff. [Mug, Welch.] Smoke or 

close snflfocatin g ai r. Craven. 

To SMUDGE, V. a. .To laoil ; to besmear. 

E. Sussex. 



SMU. 



SNE. 



167 



SMUR^ «. [Smeran, Sax. to smear.] A i 

small, mistyy drizzliog^ lain. Norf, 

To S>1UR, r. n. To raia lightly and mistily. 

SNACK, SNECK, SNICK, s, [Soacken, 
Belg. to soaicli.] A sort of fasteaine of 
a door. Norf. 

A share ; <* to go suacks" is to share to- 
gether. Hants, Sussex, 
SNACK, s. [Soaps, Germ ; a glass of spirits, 
taken in the morning, is so called.J 
A lunch ; a slight meal. Hants, iiwsex, 
SNACK, t. Dried fungus. • Glouc, 
SNAGi «. A rough knob orgnarl on a tree. 

Norf, 

SNAG,.ff. [SnoBgl. Sax. a snail.] A snail. 

Susses, 
SNAGGY, atif. Morose; coarse; rough 

in temper ; tetchy. Norf, Norlh, 

SNAICU, s. [Snatch?] A thief in the 

candle. Norf, 

SNAO, SNAGN, s, A tooth. Somerset. 
SNAGS, ff. Small sloes. Somerset, 

SNAGGLE-TOOTH, s, A tooth standing 

out irregularly. Somerset, 

SNAGGING, pan. act. [Naga. Isl.] Lop- 
ping ; cutting. Craven, 
SNAP, ado. Quickly. Lane. 
SNAP, s. [From its brittleness.] Ginger- 
bread. Craien. 
To SNAPE, V. a. [Snappen, Belg.] To 

check. Craven. 

SiiXPED, poa^, pass. Nipped with cold; 

said of fruits and herbs. Notth. 

To SNAPPERS, V. n. To stumble; as 

though something bad snapped or 

broken. 
To SNARL, V. a. To twist, entangle, and 

knot together as a skein of thread in 

winding off. [Gnarl. The gnarled oak. 

Shaks.] Norf. 

SNASTE, s. [Nasz, Teut. nasty.] The 

burning wick or snuff of a candle. Norf. 
SNASTY, a4i. Captious; passionate. Norf. 
SNAT, s. The burned snuff off a candle. 

North. 
SNARL, s, A tangle ; a quarrel. Somerset. 
To SNATHE, v. a- i To prune trees. iVbr/A. 
To SNAZE. V. a. J Orose. 

To 8NAVEL, ». n, • [Snavel, Teut. snou] 

To speak through the nose. Craven. 

To SNAVEL, V. n. [Snafwa. Su. Goth, to 

hesitate.] To stammer. Craven. 

8NEAD or SNEATHE, s. The crooked 

handle of a mowing scythe. Somerset, 

Hants, 
The family of Sneyd in Staffordshire bear 
a scythe in their Arms. 
SNEAKER, s. A small bowl of punch, so 

called perhaps in ironical distinction from 

a larger. North, 

To SNECK, v. a. [See Snack.] To fasten; 

as, Sneck the door ; latch it. North. 

SNECKET, s, A suing tliat draws up the 

latch of a door. North, 

To SNECK-SNARL, v. a. [Sneck; to 



fasten ; and Snarl, to entangle.] To en- 
tangle. Thread twisted into kinks is 
said to run into sneck or snock-snarls. 

North. 

To SNEE, «. n. To swarm ; to abound. 

North. 

To SNEER, V. n. To grin ; to make wry 
faces. Norf. 

SNEERING-MATCH, s, A grinning match ; 
an old rustic amusement. Norf* 

In Hampshire a horse collar is placed be- 
tween the two competitors, wheu they 
are said to grin through a horse-collar. 

SNOUP, s. A blow on the head. Gtoue. 

SNEEZE, s. Snuff. Lane. 

SNEEZE-HURN, s, A snuff-box made of 
the tip of a horn. Lane. 

To SNERPLE, r. a. To shrifel up by 
means of fire. North. 

SNOUTBAND, s. An interruptor in dis- 
course; one who rudely interrupts conver- 
sation. 

To SN ERT, V. n. [Snort ?] To laugh with 
scorn. North. 

SNOUTHBANDS, s. The iron round clog 
soles. Norths 

SNEVER, adj. Slender. North* 

SNEVIL, s. [Snegel, Belg.] A snail. North. 

SN£W, prat, of to snow. North* 

To SNEW, V. a. To turn up the nose. 

North. 

SNEW-SKIN, i, A leathern apron used 
by a spinner to rub the wheel with. North. 

SNICKER.SNEE, s. [ Du.] A large clasp 
knife. Norf. 

SNICKLB, SNITTLE, s. [See Snack.] A 
slip-knot. Norf. 

SNICK-UP, V. [Probably Sneak-Up or off.] 
Begone ; away with you. Norf, 

SNICKUPS, 8. pi. An undefined and nnde- 
flndble malady ; but not always easily 
cured. Norf. 

SNIDDLE, 8. Long grass or stubble. Lane* 

To SNIDGE, V. n. To hang on a person. 

Norf* 

8NIFT, 8, [We say in the «' twinkling of 
an eye," why not in the sniff or snift of a 
nose ?] A moment. Lane. 

To SNIFF, SNIFTER, v. a* [Prom the 

sound.] To snuff up the nose. North. 

Sniff. South. 

SNiG, 8. [Snegel, Belg. a snail.] An eel. 

North. 

To SNIG, V. a. To drag 'wood without a 
cart, dragging along the ground like a 
snig or eel. North. 

To SNIGGER, v. n. To sneer ilUnaturedly, 
"to giggle or titter sarcastically. Norf. 

SNIPS, 8. pi. Shares ; to go snips, is to go 
shares. [To Snip — to cat or separate.] 

Lane. 

SNIPPOCK, ff. A very small moivel. Norf* 

SNiSETY, a^i* Saucy. [Snaet— a. So. 
Goth.] Cranfen. 

To SNITE THE NOSE. [Corruption of 
Snot.] To blow the nose. North* 



168 



SNI. 



SO A. 



SNITE, ff. A snipe. Devon. 

SNITUE, tuU. [Snidan, Ang. Sax.] Cut- 
ting. Craven, 
SNIVEL, or SNIBBLE-NOSE, «. One 
who snuffs up the snot. A niggardly 
fellow, who would saye even the drop- 
pings of his nose. fVeti, 
SNOCK, 8, [Cnuciany Sax.] A knock, a 
snaart blow. Somerset, 
SNOD, euiU' [An abbreT. of Sine nodo, 
Lat. without a knot. Craven dialect,] 
which also gives Snidan> Sax. Smooth. 

Craven, JUme, 

SNOG, a4i, [See Snod, or is it from Snug?] 

Smooth. Snog-Malt having few combs. 

Bailey. 

SNOGLY, acU' Handsomely. Snogly 

dressed; well-dressed. North] 

To SNOOK, V. a. To smell. [See Snuck.] 

Lane- 
To SNOOK, V. n. [Nook ?] To lie con- 
cealed. Craven. 
SNOT> adj. [See Snod.] Neat ; handsome. 

North. 
To SNOTTER, v. n. [Snot.] To weep, 
to run at the nose. North; 

SNOUIi, i, A short thick cut from the 
crusty part of a loaf or a cheese. Norf, 
SNOWL, s. The head. Somerset, 

[Knol, Sax. the head, the root of both 
these words.] 
SNOTER-GOB, $. [Snot from its mucous 
appearance } and Gob, a lump of viscous 
matter.] 
The red part of a turkey's bead. North. 
To SMUCK, V. a, [Snuff ?] To smell. 

Nor/, Grose, 
To SNUDGE, V, n. To walk in a bending 
manner, looking down, as though full of 
intense thought. Norf. Sussetf. 

To SNUE, V, a. [Sny, Isl. to turn.] To 
turn up the nose with contempt. Craven. 
SNUG, adj. [See Snog.] Tight; hand- 
some. Lane* 
SNURU s. [Perhaps from Snore — snoring 
proceeding from the nostrils.] A nostril. 

Grose. 
A cold in the head. North, Bailey, 

SNUSKIN, s, [Nese, Sax. nice ; and Kin a 
diminutive.] A nicety ; a tid-bit. Norf, 
To SNUZZLE, V. n. To hide the face in 
the bosom, as children do. North, 

[Penning has to Snuggle, to lie close to- 
gether. In Hants and Sussex we have 
to Snooze, to take a short nap; and to 
Snoozle in the same sense as Snuzzle. 
Are they all from Snug?] 
SODS, s. A canvas pack-saddle stuffed with 
straw. North, 

SO, SO A, V, imp, m. Cease ; desist. Craven, 
So ! E, Sussex, Kent, Leave it so ; that 
will do. 
SO, SOA, t. A tub with two ears, through 
which a staff is put to carry it with. 

North. 
[Soe, Norf. Seau. Fr. a pail or bucket.] 



To SOAK, V. a. To bake bread thoroughly « 

Norf, Susaez. Hants, 
SO AM, s, [Summa. Lat] A horse load. 

Wett. BaUey. 

SOA MY, adj. Moist and warm. North. 

SOAP, s, [Sope, Isl. a sup.] A drop ; a 

quantity. To soap-to; to exchange. Chav, 

A SOCK, s. A plooghshare. North, « 

[Soc. Fr. a ploughshare.] 
A SOCK-LAMBy t. A lamb brought up by 
band and domesticated. [Suck ?] 

JB. Sussex. 
SOCE, f, voc, case. [Socius, Lat. a com- 
panion.] Friends; companions. 

Somerset, 

SOCK, s, [Soak.] The superficial ,mois- 

ture of land, not properly drained off. 

Norf. 
SOCKY, adj. Moist on the surface. Norf, 
SOKE, s, [Soc, soke in law, a liberty or 
privilege.] An exclusive privilege 
claimed by millers of grinding all com, 
which is used within the manor or town- 
ship wherein their mills stand. North. 
SOFT, adj. Wet. North. 

Silly [Soft-brained t] Sussex, NoHh, 

Timid. North, 

SOFTNET, s. '■ A foolish fellow. Grose. 
To SOFTEN, v.n. To thaw. Craven. 

To SOIL, V. a. [Saoul, Fr. a belly-full.] 
To fatten completely. Norf, 

SOILING, s. The last fattening given to 
fowls. Norf, 

To SOIL MILK, To cleanse or strain it, 
tliat is take soil from it, as to shell a nut, 
is to take off the shell. North, 

SO-INS, adv. [SeeSewent.] Norf, 

To SOLDIER, V, n. To swagger ; to bully. 

Norf. 

To SOLL, v,a. [Sow — ^hogs ears being 

generally meant.] To pull by the ears. 

A Norf. 

To Sowl a hog, is said of a dog that seizes 

a hog by the ear. Swsom, Hants, 

Sow is a head* Lane, 

SOOPERLOIT, s. A time of idleness or 

relaxation ; play-time. South, 

SOLLER, s. [Solive, Fr. a joist] A loft. 

Noff. 

The Bell-soUer ; the bellfry. Norf, 

To SOLLOP, v.n. To lounge; to waste 

time in utter laziness and inaction. Norf. 

SOLTCH, s. A heavy fall. lane. 

SOMEW HERES, ado. In East Sussex and 

Kent they say Somewheres, nowheres, 

anywheres, instead of somewhere, &e, 

[Sans, sonci, Fr. without care.] 

SONCY, 04^'. Lucky; fortunate. North. 

SOO, s, A sow. Lane, 

SOOL, SOWL, «. Anything eaten with 

bread. North, 

SOON, ff. The evening, being the soon or 

early part of the night North, fVest, 

SORE, adj, [Saur. Isl. filth.] Sorry, vile, 

worthless. Norf, 

SORE, adv,. Very; exceedingly. ^ Noif. 



SOR. 



SPA. 



159 



'' Sore B cale," very cold. Bailey, 

** Sore afraid," was a common expresaiou 

formerly* 
SORT, g, A great number. Norf. 

SOSSE-BRANGLE^ 8. A slatternly, lazy 

wench. South, 

SOSS9 9. A jumble or miied mess of food. 

Norf, 
SOSS, i, A mucky puddle. North, 

To SOSS. V. a. To throw a liquid from one 

vessel to another. Somerset, 

To SOSS-ABOUT, v. To mix different 

things together, in a confused way ; ap- 
plied to liquids. Sussex, 
These words have all one root, as well as 

Sozzle and Souce, which is the French 

word Sauce — sauce. 
SOSS, adj. Plump ; direct. NoHh. 

To SOSS, V. n. To Lap. Ditto, 

To SOTTER, e. n. To make a noise in 

boiling as any thick substance does. Noi-lh. 
To boil gently. [Seodan, Sax. to seethe.] 

Norf. 
SOUCE, «. [See Soss.] A pickle for hog's 

flesh. BaUey, 

SOUGH, SOW, s. [Suchten, Belg. to 

sigh.] A hollow murmur. Craven, 

, SOULING. Tpari. act. Bathing ; ducking. 

Craven. 
SOUPINGS, «• [Sup.] Any sort of spoon- 

meat. North. 

SOUPY, a4i. [Sop.] Wet ; spungy. Craven. 
SOU, 8, [Sugge. Ang. Sax.] The insect 

millipes. Norf. 

SOUR-DOCK, t. Sorrel. Somerset. 

[A species of dock having an acid taste.] 
SOWINGS or SEWINGS, s. Oatmeal; 

flummery. North, 

SOUNDED, part. pass. [Sone, Russ.] 

Swooned. Craven. 

SOWSE, 9. [See Soss.] Pigs* feet and 

ears pickled. North. West. South, Norf, 

The paunch of an animal, usually sold for 

dogs* meat. Norf, Bailey, 

To SOZZLE, SORZLE, v. a. [See Soss] 

To intermingle in a confused heap. Norf, 
SOZZLE, SORZLE, «. An odd mixture of 

different things; generally applied to 

various ingredients boiled together for a 

medicine. Norf. 

SPAANED, part, pass, [Speenen, Belg.] 

Weaned. Craven. 

SPACT, a4i. Ingenious ; apt to learn ; as a 

spact lad, or wench. North. 

SPADE-BAAN, s. [From the shape.] 

Blade-bone. North. 

SPA DE-GRAFT, s, [Spade, and Grave ; to 

cut, as deep as the spade will dig.] A 

depth of about a foot. Lane, 

SPALT, or SPOLT, ad/. [Spoiled?] (See 

Spelk.) Split, brittle, or decayed; ap- 

Xiied to timber. B. Sussex. 

LES, 8, [See Spelk.] Chips ; also things 
cast in one's teeth. North, Sxmoor, 

To SPAN, V. a. To wean ; to span a child. 

North. 



in 



Spane,*or Speen, is a cow's teat 

Hants and Sussex. (See Spnaned.) 

SPANCEL, s. A rope to tie a cow's hind 

leGTS. Bailey. 

SPANE, 8. [Spatha, Lat. spathe. Crav, Dial. 

Do Spane, a teat, and this, claim the same 

root i] The first shoot of corn. Craven. 

To SPANG-OWER, v, a, [Spannan, Sax. 

to stretch] to leap over. Craven. 

To SPANG- WHEW, v,a, [Spannan, Sax. 

to ^stretch ; and Whew, to cast with 

force. Craven, Dial."] 

To throw violently by a lever. DUto. 

To SPANK, V. n. To move with speed and 

style ; applied to a horse. Sussex Hants. 

SPANKING, adj. Fine ; jolly ; as a spanking 

lass. Sussex. Hauls* 

Showy ; conspicuous, especially if large ; 

moving nimbly ; striding along; stoutly. 

Norf 
To SPAR, V, a. To bolt, bar, or pin, a door. 
[Sparran, Ang. Sax. to^shut.] 

Norf, Grose. 
SPAR, 8, [Ysper, Brit, a spear, or Sparran, 
An^. Sax. to shut, make fast.] A pointed 
stick, doubled, and twisted in the.middle; 
used by thatchers to secure the straw on 
the roof of a stack, or building. 

Somerset, Hants. Sussex. 
To SPAR, V, a. To ask ; to inquire ; to cry 
things at the market. [Spyrian, Sax. 
to Spy.] North. 

SPARE, adj. Slow. [Sparing of his 
strength.] West. 

SPAI^CH, adj, [To parch.] Brittle. Norf. 
SPAR-DUST, 8. Powder of post, not saw- 
dust. Norf, 
SPARKID, adj. Speckled. Somerset. 
SPARKLED, adj. [Speckled.] Spotted; 
sprinkled. Grose. 
SPAT, g, [Spit, Hants,} The spawn of 
oysters. North, 
SPARKLING, s. The claying between the 
spars; to cover the thatch of cottages. 

Norf. 

(Spar-claying.) 

SP AW, 8. The slit of a pen. North. 

SPAUD-BONB, 8. Craven,} See Spade-baan 

SPAUT-BONE, 8. Norf. { TheBlade-bone 

To SPAVE, V. a. To spay. Craven. 

SPAUT, 8. A youth. [Spruyten, Belg. to 

spout ?] North. 

SPAWL, s. [See Spales.] A chip from a 

stone. Somerset. 

To SPEAK AT T'MOUTH,pAr. To speak 

freely. North. 

SPEAL, 8, A splinter. North. 

To SPEAR, V. n. [Spear, from its pointed 

shape.] To shoot up, as corn does. 

Hants, Stusex, 

SPECK, 8. The heel-piece of a shoe. North. 

The sole of a shoe. Norf. 

The fish called a sole from its shape. Ditto. 

SPEER, 8, A chimney post. North. 

A shelter in a bouse, made between the 

door and fire to keep off the wind. North, 



160 



SPE. 



7b SPEER, 9, a. [See to Spar J To en- 
quire Craven* 
6PEL, 8. [Spel> Belg. to play.] Liberty. 

Craren, 

SPEL AND KNOR. The game of trap- 

ball North. 

To SPELDER, v. n. To apell. North. 

SPCLK, «. [Speic, Ang. Sai.] A iplinter 

or chip. North. 

SPELXi, «. A turn, aa one woikmaD aaya to 

another :•— '' now you talce a spell." 

Hants* 8u*9ex. 

SPENCE, 8, A small place for setting milk 

or drink in, made with a lattice. North, 

To SPEND, t). flu [Corruption.] To span 

with the hand. Norf. 

SPEN DING-CHEESE, s. A middling sort 

of cheese for the common use^or apeudiog* 

of the family, in a farm*houae. Si^f. 

SPENGED, part. pa88. Pied, as cattle are. 

North. 
[Pingo, Lat. to paint ?] 
SPECK, f. The spoke of a wheel. Ditto. 
SPERE, «. Aspire. Norf. 

SPERKEN, SPERKET, «. A wooden peg 
to hang hats, &c. upon. Norf. 

SPEWRING, 8. A boarded partition. 

Exmoor. 

SPICE, t. A small quantity; a slight attack 

of a distemper ; as I have a spice of the 

rheumatism. HanU. Su8iex. 

[Perhaps from Spice being used in small 

' quantities, to season anything with.] 

SPlCEyf. Raisins, plums, and such like 

fruit. York8. 

SPICK AND SPAN, phr. Every part 

new. [Spick, spike, or spear; Span, 

handle. Stmih. 

SPIKEN or SPIKIN, s. A large nail with 

a round flat head. [Spica, Lat.J Norf. 

A long nail. Craven. 

Spike-nails, are large long nails ; so called 

to diatingoish them from the smaller 

aorta. Hamts. 8u88ex, 

SPILE, 8. A wedge of wood, stoutly 

pointed with iion, used in day or gravel 

eiti, limestone quarries, &c* to remove 
trge quantitiea at once. [Spiale, Su. 
Goth., chips.] Norf. 

SPILE-HOLE, ff. The air-hole in a cask. 

Norf. 

SPILE- PEG, 8. The wooden peg to close 

the air-hole of a cask. Norf. 

Forby has these words : — ^In Sussex they 

say Spile-bole and Ven^spill or spile. 

1 think it should be Spoil instead of 

Spile— the peg spoiling or stopping the 

vent. 

SPILL. 9. A sun ; aa a spill of money. 

[Spill, Isl.] North. 

SPILL, 8. A stalk ; particularly one that is 

long and stmight. To ran to spill, is to 

run to seed. 8omer8ei. 

T9 SPILL, r. a. To spoil. E. 8u88ex. 

SPINNEY, 8, [To Spin oqt.] A brook. 

Buch8. 



SPINK, 8. [Prom the noise the bird makes.] 

A chaffinch. Norf, North, 

A chink. Hanl8. 

SPINKED, part. |Mr«. [Pinked.] Spotted. 

Cta^en, 
SPIRES, 8. [See to Spear.] Young trees. 

Crafoen. 

SPIRIT, 8. Electric fire ; a blast of light- 

ninsr. Norf, 

To SPfT, «. a. To dig with a spade. Somerset, 

SPIT, 8, The depth of a spade in digging. 

Norf. 
SPITTER, «. A small tool, with a long 
handle, used for cutting up weeds. 

Somerget, 

A spade. BanU. 

SPIT DEEP, adj. As deep aa a spade will 

dig. HanU. 

To SPITTLE, V. a. To move the ground 

lightly with a spitter. Somerset, 

SPITTLE, 8. [Spatula.] A board used in 

turning oat cakes. Craren. 

SPITTL^ 8. A term of supreme contempt ; 

from to Spit— as to spit upon a perton ta 

to treat him with contempt and insult.' 

Not^, 
SPITTLE, adj. [Corruption.] Spiteful. 

Somerset. 
To SPLASH, V. a. [Plasche, Belg.] To 
daub by throwing dirty water 

Craven. Sussex, Hants, 
'' To cut a Splash** Is to make agreatshow« 

Sussex, Hants, 

To cut hedges. Craven, 

To make a hedge by nearly severing 

the live wood at the bottom, and then 

interweaving it between the stakes, 

when it shoots out in the spring, and 

makes a thick fence. Kent, 

To SPLUTTER, v. n. To sputter. 

Craven, South* 
SPORE. 9. [Dan.] A spur. Norf, 

SPOUT, s. Spirits. He is in great Spout. 

Berks, 
SPOAT, 8. [SpoBtan, Sax. to spit.] Spittle. 

JUMne, 

SPOCLE, 8. [Spoca, Sax. a apoke, and 

Cle a dimin.] A anall wheel on a spindle. 

Craieen. 
To SPOFFLE, V. n. To be over busjf about 
little or nothing. Norf, 

SPOLT, adj. [See Spalt.] Brittle. Ditto. 
SPONGy 8, A long narrow slip of inckraed 
land. Norf, 

SPONG- WATER, t. A narrow atreamleC. 

Ditto, 
To SPON6, V, a. To cobble ; to work with 
a needle, in a clumsy, rough way. 

E, Sussex, 
SPRAG, a^. Lively ; active. Groee, 

SPRAGSy«. Young salmon. [Sprig.] 

North. 

Nails. Craven, 

To SPRAID, V. a. [Spreyden Belg. to 

spread.] To sprinkle ; to moisten with 

spray. Norf, 



SPR. 



SPU. 



161 



SPRAWLS, $. [From tlieir crooked shape.] 
Small twigs or branches of trees. Norf. 

SPRECKLED, adj. Speckled. [Sprechlot. 
Su. Goth.] Spotted. Norf, 

SPRENT,a4/. Sprinkled. Craven, 

[Spreyden. Belg. to spread.] 

7b SPRING, t>. a. [Sprinkle.] To moisten,- 

to sprinkle. Somerset, 

To spring clothes9 is to moisten it a little, 

previously to ironing it. Hants, 

SPRING, s. [To Spring or grow up.] Young 
plants of white-thorn for hedges. Norf, 

To SPRINGE, V. a. [See to Spring.] To 
spread lightly ; to sprinkle. Norf, 

SPRINGER, s. [See Spring.] A youth. 

Norf. 

SPRIT, «. [Spriet, Belg. a pole.] A pole 
to push a boat forward with. Norf, 

SPRIT-SAIL, s, A four-sided sail, which 
is extended by means of a pole, running 
from the lower corner, which is attached 
to the mast, diagonally to one of the 
upper corners. Sussex, Hants, 

SPRIG, «. Abiad. North, 

SPRINK, s, A crack ; a flaw. Notf, 

[To Spring. A board that is sprung, is 
one that is warped or cracked ] 

SPRINT, 8. A gin for catching biids. North, 

SPRONG or SPRONK, s. The stump of a 

< tree or tooth. £, Sussex, 

SPRUN, s. The foie part of a horse*s hoof. 

Craven. 

SPRUNNY, s, A male sweetheart. Gloue, 

SPRUNNY,a(V« Neat; spruce. Norf, 

SPR17NT, s. A steep road. North, 

To SPRY, V, n. To become chapped with 
cold. Somerset. 

' My hands are Sprayed ; that is, chapped or 
made rough by exposure to cold. 

Hants, 

SPRYf atf/. Nimble ; active Somerset, 

SPUD, f. Any person or thing remarkably 
short of its kind. Notf, 

SPUD, s. A light garden tool, with a long 
handle, used to cut-up weeds. Sussex, 

SPUD, s, A good gift or legacy. fVest. 

[Spedian, Sax. to grow rich ; to speed.] 

To SPUDLEE, V, a. To spread a thing 
aboad. Exmoor, 

To SPUD, r. a. To cut up weeds with a 
spud, frequently called a Weed-spud. 

E, Sussex. 

SPUDDY, atV, Very short and stumpy. 

Norf 

To SPUFFLE. V, n. [See Spoffle. Can 
these words be from to Pufi^to extol to 
excess ?] To move hastily, with an osten- 
tations air of business and bustle. Norf. 

SPUNK, s. Spirit; mettle. HanU, Sussex, 

SPUNKY, at^/. Brisk ; mettlesome. 

Hants. Norf. 

To SPUR, V, a. To prop ; to support. 

Sussex. Hants, 

SPUR, t. A abort piece of wood let into 
the ground, and nailed against a post to 
support it. Sussex, Hants, 



SPURGET, s, [See Sperken.] A peg, or 
piece of wood to hang any thing on. 

North, 
To SPURK-UP, V, n. To spring up in a 
brisk and lively manner. South, Bailey, 
SPURNE, s. An evil spirit. Dorset, 

SPURRINGS, s. [Spyrian, Sax. to ask.] 
Banns of marriage. Craven, 

SPUR- WAV, s. [The same as bridle- way ; 
implying a person may ride on horse- 
back through it; but not with a carriage] 
A bridle-way ; a horse-way. South* 

SQUAB, 8, [Quash ?] An unfledged bird ; 
a youug rabbit, before it is covered w.th 
hair. Hants, 

A cushion, or couch. Hants, North. 

SQUAB-PIE, «. A pie made of several in- 
gredients. Sea term, Pentdng, 
To SQUAIL, V, a, [See Cock-squailing.J 
To throw a stick at a cock. Somerset, 
To Scale has the same sense in Sussex and 
Hants. 
SQUALLY, adJ, Patchy ; said of corn or 
turnips, when the seed has partially 
missed. Norf, 
To SQUASH, V, a. To splash ; to moisten 
by plentiful effusion* Norf. 
*' Squish-squash*' is a term used to express 
the noise made by the feet in walking 
over a loose, swampy, piece of ground. 

Hants, 
To SQUAT, V. a. To indent. 

Somerset, Hants. 
7b SQUAT, r. a. To stop; as to Squat 
a wheelf is to put a stone before or be- 
hind to stop it. 
SQUAT, s. A piece of wood used to stop a 
wheel; a gutter or deep place of any 
sort in a road, which checks the progress 
of a vehicle. E, Sussex, 

A hare is said to Squat, or go to Squat 
when she lies up in the chase. 

Sussex. Hants. 

SQUATTED, paW. pass. Splashed with mire 

or dirt. Kent. Grose. 

To SQUAT, r. a. To quiet; to still; as. 

Squat the child, nurse. Norf, 

SQUATTING- PILLS, 8. Opiate pills. 

Norf, 

All these words, with the exception of 

Squatted, splashed, which seems to be 

from the same root as to Squash, are 

most probably from Squattare, Ital. to 

Squat or sit down close. 

SQUEMOUS, adj. Saucy. Zone, 

SQUEEG'D, pari, pass. Squeezed. 

MiddlesesB, 

SQUELSTRING, part, act. Sweltering; 

sultry. Exmoor. 

To SQUIGGLE, v, a. [Quaggle, quagmire, 

or from the sound produccMl by the act.] 

To shake and wash a fluid about in the 

mouth, with the lips closed. Norf, 

To SQUINDER, v, n. To burn very faintly, 

as damp fuel| or as a candle with a had 

wick. Norf 



162 



SQL 



ST A. 



To SQINNY, V. fi. [To Squint.} To look 
asqaint ; to cause to squint. 
Squinny-Eyes are squinting eyes. Norf, 
SQUINNY, (ujy. Very lean; meagre. 

Norf. 

To SQUINNY-ABOUT> v. n. To fret as a 

child does. Hanti, 

To SQUIRM, V. n. To ivriggle and twist 

about briskly ; as eels do. South, BaUey, 

To SQUISH, V. n. [See to Squash.] Narf. 

SQUIT, s. A word of supreme contempt 

for a very diminutive person; as^ a 

" paltry Squit." fiorf, 

SQUIZZEN, Vart, pan. of to squeeze, 

Craven, 

STA A D, adj. [Staen. Belg. to stay ; staid.] 

steady. Craven, 

STAAN, «. [Stan, Sax.] A stone. DiUo. 

STAAPINS, f. [Stappen, Belg. to step.] 

Holes made by the feet or stepping of 

cattle. 

STAB, s. [Stabulum, Lat. a stable ; a house 

for horses.] A hole in the ground, in 

which the female rabbit secures her litter 

while they are very young. E. Sustex, 

STABBLE,« [Stabulum, Lat. a stable.] 

Loose and liquid dirt. Hants, 

To STABBLE. v. n. To dirty any place, by 

walking on it with wet and filthy shoes. 

Hanti. 
To STACKER, v. n. To stagger. DiUo, 
STACKERS, $. The disease called staggers. 

Hants. 
STADE,f. [StedySax.] A shore or station 
for ships* JS, Sussex. 

Used constantly at Hastings. 
Sl^AFFE OF COCKS« A pair of cocks. 

North. 
STADDLE, f. [Slads, Goth, a place.] The 
wooden frames placed on stones, or other 
support, on which corn slacks are built. 

Somerset. 

The bottom of a stack ; the matks left on 

the grass by the long continuance of 

wet weather. Craven. 

A mark of the small-pox. Lane, 

Any mark or impression. North, 

7b STADDLE, v, a. [That is, to put in 

their proper places.] To leave young 

trees in a wood to grow into timber, is to 

•* Staddle*' a wood. Norf. Grose. 

STAG, s. [Stag, Brit, a gander ; Stegga, Isl. 

the male of wild beasts.] A cock turkey 

killed for the table in his second year. 

Norf. 
A horse from one to three years old. 

Craven. 

A wren. Norf, In Sussex and Hants, a 

castrated bull or boar, is called a bull, 

or boar. Stag. A romping girl, is called 

a stag. Grose. 

STA ED, «. [See Staad.] A bank. Oxford, 

STAINCH, s. A root l.ke liquorice. 

North, Grose. 

STAKE-HANG, «. A kind of circular hedge, 

made of Stakes, forced into the sea-shore. 



and being about six feet high, for the pur- 
pose of catching salmoD, and other ftsh. 

SomerseL 
STALE, s, A hurdle. North. 

The stalk of a planL Bedford, Cheshire. 
To STALENGE, v, n. To compound for 
anything by the year or number. North* 
STALKER, f. A fowler. DUto. 

STALLAGE, s, [Stall, a bench.] A wooden 
trough, on which casks are placed, for the 
purpose of letting beer woik. E. Sussex* 
To STAMy V. a, [Stam, Goth, to stammer ; 
that is, to have an impediment in the 
speech, which a sudden fright often oc- 
casions.] To astonish ; to overcome with 
amazement. 
STAM, s. A matter of amazement. Norf* 
STAM-WOOD, s. [Stem.] TherooUof trees 
grubbed up.] South, 

STAMP-CRAB, s* One who treads heavily. 

North. 

STANEARDS, s, [Stan, Sax. a stone.] A 

collection of stones ou the bank of a 

river. Craven* 

7b STAND-IN-HAND, phr. To concern; 

to behove. 
7b STAND HOLES, phr. To rest content 
as one happens to be at present ; in allu- 
sion probably to some game played by 
moving pegs from one hole to another, as 
on a cribbage board. Norf* 

STANG,s. [Stiug?] Aviolent pain. Crao^n. 
STANG, s. [Steng, Ang. Sax.] 

A long, strong, staff. Somerset, Lane, 

A cowl-staff. North, Bailey* 

A pole, applied as a lever, to press on a cart- 
wheel to check its velocity down hill. 
To ride Stang ; a boy carried on a pole 
before the house of a man, who has 
beaten his wife, and who repeats some 
verses applicable to the occasion, is 
said *' to ride Stang." Craren. 

STANK, s. [To stanch ; to stop blood from 
running.] A dam to stop water. 

South. Bailey, 

A boggy pijece of ground. Craven. 

A dam. Norf* 

STANNIEL,!. A hawk. Lane. 

STANSTICKLES, t. Small fish called 

Stickle-backs. Norf* 

STARE-BASON, «. One with large eyes 

or that is apt to stare impudently. fVest, 

STA R E, adj, [Starck, Belg. stark.] Stiff ; 

weary. North. 

stark) adj. Stiff; cold; tight. Craven* 

Very stiff. Lane. 

STARKY. adj. Flinty. ''The ground is 

very Starky." 

Ground is said to be very stark, or starked 

op, when the surface has been dried 

very suddenly after rain. Sussex, Hants. 

To STARKEN, V, n. To stiffen, as mutton 

fat in frosty weather. Lane, 

STARK-GIDDY, a^f. Very angry ; mad. 

Lane 
STAR-SLUBBER, s. Frog spawn. Nffrth. 



STA, 



STE. 



163 



START, «. Aliandle; a long liandleof any 

thing ; a tail. Nmrth, 

STATESMAN, t. The proprietor of an 

estate. Craven, Norf, 

STATTIES,«. [Statute, Law.] A fair held 

by statute, where serTantu attend to be 

hired. Craven. 

7b STAUP. o. n. To lift the feet high in 

walking^. North, 

To STAW, ». fi. [To stay, to stop.J To 

be restiff, as a horse that will not go. 

Lane, 

STAW ED, part, pass. Cloyed; at a stand; 

unable to eat any mure. North, 

To STAWTER, r.n. Tateren, Bel^. to 

totter.] To reel ; to stumble. North, 

To STEAD, V, a [Sted, Sax. a place.] To 

supply a vacant place left by a servant. 
STEAD, f. A place to stand on. Norf. 

STEALE, s. The handle of anything. 

North. 
The Steale of a prong is the handle of it. 

E, Sussex. 
7b STEAM, V, n. To give forth dust, as a 
carpet when beaten, or a dusty road when 
the wind blows, or a horse passes. 

E* Sussex. 
STEAN, s. [Stan, Sax.] A stone. North, 
STEAN, s. A large jar made of stone ware. 

Sotnersei. 

To STEAN, V. a. To line a well with stones 

or bricks is to Stean it. Hants. Sussex. 

Stean is the name of two different places 

in Hampshire and Sussex, the one is a 

lane, the other, part of a forest. The 

Stean (Steyiie) Brighton is known to 

every one ; probably the root of all is 

Stan, stean, stone. 

STEANINO,s. A ford made with stones 

at the bottom of a river. Somerset. 

STEAWKJ s. [Stealcan, Sax. to stalk; 

a stalk J A handle. Lane. 

To STEAWP, ». n. [Stupian, Sax.] To 

stoo p do w n . Lane. 

STEAWP or REAWP, phr. All, every part. 

L4Mne. 

STEAWT, adj. [Stanter, Goth.] Start; 

proud. Lane. 

To 8TECK, V. a. [Steken, Belg.] To shut ; 

to thrust Craven, 

ST£D, s. [Sted, Sax.] A place or house. 

Craven. 
To STEEM, V. a. To bespeak a thing. North. 
STEE HOPPING, part. act. Gadding about. 

fVest. 

Home-stead is the family house. 

Sussex, Hants, 
STEDDLE, s. A fnme of wood, placed on 
stones, to 'keep off rats and mice, on 
which to build com ricks, is called a Rick- 
stiddle. i^. Sussex. HtnUs, 

STEE, s. [Steppan, Sax. to step. Why 
should not Stee come from Stseppan as 
well as see from Seon, Sax ?] A ladder. 

North. 

A stile. ^>*^' 



STEEP, s. Rennet. Lane* 

STEEPING, adj. Very wet ; soakinf?. 

Craven. 

STEERISH, adj. Young; spoken of a 

young ox, which until four years old is 

called a steer. Olouc. 

STEERT, s. A point. Somerset. 

Has it any thing to do with Starting-post, 

the point from which horses start in a 

race? 

STEEV'D WITH COLD, phr. Stiff and 

frozen. [Stifan, Sax. to stiffen.] fTest. 

STEFN, STEVEN, *. [Stiff; stiff-one?] 

A loud noise ; a hoarse, deep-toned voice. 

Craven. 
STEG,s. [See Stag.] A gander. North. 
STEIP OF HELMS. Eighteen helms. 

ffHts. 
STELLING,s.' [Steal, Sax. a stall.] A place 
to which cattle retire in hot weather^ 

Craven. 
STELL, s. A brook. North. 

STEM, s, [Stem, a stalk.] A long round 
shaft used as a handle for various tools. 

Somerset. 

STENT, «. A stint. Norf. 

STEPPLES, ff. [Step; and Pie" a dimin.] 

A short and neat flight of steps. Norf, 

STERTLING-ROIL, s. A wanton slattern. 

fVest. 

[To Startle, to shock ; and rile, which, see.] 

7b STERT, V. n. To start. Norf. 

STERT,s. A start. Ditto, 

STETCH, 8. As much land as lies between 

one furrow and another. Norf. 

[Forby derives it from Stixos, Greek, a 

furrow ; in Hampshire, a narrow slip of 

land in a common field is called a Stitch, 

which, most likely, has the same origin. 

STETCHELLED, part, pass. Filled very 

full. North. 

STEVELLING, part. act. Blundering, or 

tumbling, in walking. North. 

7b STEVVEN, o. a. [Steefnian, Ang. Sax. 

to appoint.] To order ; to bespeak. 

Craven. 
STEVON, s. A loud noise. liorth* 

[See Stefn.] 
STEW, s. A cloud of dust or vapour. 

Norf. 
[Styfa, Isl. a vapour ; or from the steam, 
which arises from meat, which is stew- 
>D?0 To be in a stew is to be in a 
great heat or fermentation of mind, in 
consequence of some trouble or diffi- 
culty. 

Craven. Sussex. Hants. 
STEWARDLY, adj. Like a good house- 
wife. Orose. 
STEYAN or STEAN, t. An earthen pot 
like ajar. [See Stean.] Exmoor. 
STICKLE, adj* Steep ; as, a Stickle hill. I 

Rapid ; as, a Stickle stream. Somerset. 

STICKLER, s, A person who presides at 

backsword or singlestick, to regulate the 

game ; an umpire. Somerset. 



164 



STI. 



STO. 



8TIDDEN> petrf, pan, Stixxi. North. 

STIDD Y, ff. [Slid, Ang. Sax.] Ad anvil. 

North, 

STIFFLER, «. A stickler, that is, one who 

standi up stiffly for whatever he takes in 

hand ; one who is very busy and active in 

anv matter. Norf. 

STIFF-QUEAN, s. A lusty wench. North. 

To STILE, V. fi. [Steel f] 

To iron clothes. Exmoor, 

SrriLTS, s. Crutches. Norf. 

STILT, s. The handle of a plough. CfYir«ti. 
STIM £, s. A glimpse. North, 

STIMEY, adj. Dim sighted. NoHh, 

STINGY* cuV* [Stince, Ang. Sax.] 

Cross; ill-humoured; churlish. JVbr/. 
Sneaking. Lane. 

STINNSy t. [Stinen, Belg. to lament.] 

Groans. Craven. 

STINT, 8. [See Gait.] A limited number 
of cattle gaits in common pasture. 

Craven. 
STIRRUPS, «. A kind of buskins. Exmoor, 
STION Y, s. A sty ; a small pimple among 
the eyelashes. Norf. 

STIR, s. A crowd. Norf. 

To STIR, V, a« In farming, to plouj^h fallows 
after the first time, is called ** stirring." 

Hanii, 
STIRK, s. [Styre, Sax.] A steer or heifer. 

North 
STITHE,a(^\ [Stidh, Ang. Sax. stiff.) 

stiong ; stiff. Grose, 

STITH,«. An anvil. [SeeStiddy.] 

Norf. GroMe. 

STITCH, s. Ten sheaves of com set up to- 
gether in the field ; a shock of corn. 

Somerset. 
To STIVE, V, a. [Estuver, Fr. to stew.] 

To keep close and warm. Somerset. 

STIVE, s. Dust. Norf. 

To STI V B, V. a. To raise dust. DUto. 

To STIVER, 0. n. [Shiver ?] To stand up 

in a wild^manner like hair ; to tremble. 

Somerset. 
To STIVER-ABOUT, ». n. To stasrger. 

B.Sussex. 
To STIVER, V. n. [Stiff.] To stand firm. 

Grose. 

STIVEN, «. Sternness. North. 

To STOACH, V, a. To tread ground in wet 

weather. S. Sussex, 

STOAR, s. [To Store, to lay by ^raething 

valuable, to be ready when wanted.] 

Value. North. 

STOAR«t. [Stooren, Belg. to be morose.] 

A deep-toned voice. Craven, 

STOB, STUB,s. [Stobbe, Tent.] A short 

stake. Craven, 

STOCK, ff. The back or sides of a fire 

place. Norf. Sussex. 

STOCKING, To throw the stocking is a 

ceremony on the evening of a marriage, 

for which, see Craven Dial, 

STOCKY, adj. Impudent. Warw. 

Irritable. E. Sussex. | 



STODGE, ff. Thick mud ; a thick moist 
mass of ingredients. Somerset. E, Sms. 
To STODGE, 9. a. To stir up various in- 
gredients into a thick mass. Norf. 
To fill quite full. Craven. 
7b STOOUTERRAS, «. n. To set lurfs 
two and two, one against the other to 
be dried by the wind. West. 
Tb STOKE, V. a. To stir the fire. Sussex, 

Norf. 

STOKER, ff. The man employed in a 

brewery to stir and attend to the copper 

fire. Sussex. Noif. 

STOKEY, adj. Sultry ; close. Craven. 

To STOOR, V. n. To rise up in cloods> 

as smoke, dust, &c. North. 

STOLT, adj. Stout. E. Sussex. 

STOLY, adj. Dirty ; a Stoly bouse. Suf. 

BaUey. 
STOM, ff. [Stamp ?] 

An instrument used to keep the malt in 

the vat. North. 

STONC-CUAT, ff. The bird called the 

wheat ear. North. 

STONY-HARD, ff [From the hardness of 

the seed.] 

The herb, Com-Gromwell. North. 

STOO, ff. A stool. Lane. 

STOOD, part, pass. Cropped ; as sheep 

are said to be Stood, which have been 

cropped; or men who have very short 

hair. North. 

STOCK, ff. A sort of stile, beneath which 

water is dischaiged. Somerset. 

STOOP, ff. An ancient sort of drinking 

vessel. 

" Marian, a Stoop of wine." Shakspeare, 

Norf. 
(Staup, Isl. a cup.) 
STOOUff. That part of a tree which re- 
mains in the ground when it has been cut 
down. Hants. 

STOOP, ff. [Stupa, Lat.] A poftt. Craven. 
Jo STOOP, V. a. To put a piece of wood 
behind a cask that is nearly empty, so as 
to raise the hinder part, in order to let 
the contents run out. Hants. 

STOOP, ff. Apiece of wood used to stoop 
a cask. Hants. 

A stump in the roads to keep carts off. 

Lane. 
To STONK, V. a. To raise a steam. North. 
To STOOR, 9. [Stooren, Bele. to stir.] 

To stir. Norf. Somerset. 

STOOR, ff. A commotion ; bustle. Norf. 
A '* Stoor of yeast," is a sufficent quantity 
for a brewing, to be stirred into the 
wort. Norf. 

STOP, ff. A hole in the ground, in which 
the doe rabbit deposits her litter and 
secures them until they can run ; so called 
probably because when she leaves her 
young, she covers or stops up the en- 
trance. Hcmts. 
STOPS, ff. Small well-buckets. Hants, 

Grose. 



STO. 



STR. 



165 



To STOUK, r. a. [Stoke.] To raise a 
steam. North, 

STOUND, s, A wooden Teuel to pat small 
beer in. North. 

A short period of time. (Siund^ Ang. 
Sax. time.) Norf 

STOUD, i. A young colt. (Stod, Sax. 
steed.) fVett. Grose, 

To STOUND, 9. To stand ; to stop. Essex. 
(Astound. J To overcome with astonish- 
ment, Norf, 

STOVR, adj. Stiff; stouU Norf, 

STOUT, «. A gnat. Somerset, A species 
of fly with a long body, which bites and 
draws blood from horses. Bants, 

STOWRE, «. The round of a ladder; a 
hedge stake ; the staves in the side of a 
wain, in which the eave rings are 
fastened. North, 

To SrORKER, V. a, [Starch, Belg. >tark, 
stiff.] To cool ; to stiffen. Craven. 

STORM, 8. Frost. Craven. 

STOTE, s, [Stut, Swed. Stod,— Sax. a steed.] 
A young horse or bullock. Nurth, 

STOTT, «. A young oi. Craven. 

To STOTER, V. n. [To Totter ?] To stum- 
ble North, 
STOVER, f. Straw or fodder for cattle; 
perhaps from being stowcid away for 
them. North, 
STOVENNED, part, pass. [Slove-in.] 
Split; cracked. Craven. 
STOUK, ». [Stock?] 
Ten sheaves of corn. d^aven, 
A handle of a pail. Grose, 
STOUPINS, «. [Steppings.] Holes made 
by the feet of cattle. Craven, 
STRACKLINGS, t. [Perhaps from to 
Stray.] Rash, foolish people. Lane. 
STRACT, adj, [Distracted.] Out of one's 
senses. Lane. 
STRAD, «. A piece of leather tied round 
the kg, to defend it from thorns, &c. 
A pair of Strads is two such pieces of 
leather. Somerset, 
STRADDUNS, adv. Astride. N&rf. 
STRAFT, s, [Strife.] A scolding bait ; an 
angry strife of tongues. Norf. 
STRAIKS, "JLTo streak, to 
STREAKERS, «• Craven, Smark with a 
STRAIKS, « Hants, ) line of differ- 
ent colour.] The rim or iron tire of a 
wheel. 
STRAIGHT, ad». Immediately Warw, 
STR AM, 8. A sudden, loud and ^quick 

soun d. 
To STR AM ASH. v. a. To crack and break 
irreparably ; to destroy. North, 

STRAMMER, «. A great lie. Exmoor, 

STRANDY, adj. Restive ; passionate. 

North, 

STRANG, ajj. [Sax.] Strong. Craven. 

To STRANGE, v, n. To wonder. NoHh, 

To 8TRAT, 9. a. To dash in pieces ; to 

bespatter a person ; to " Strat a match,*' 

is to break off a wedding. fVeat, 



STRAT, «. A blow. H^est. 

To STRAW, V, a. [Strawan, Goth, to strew.] 
To spread grass. Craven. 

STREA,«. [Streow, Sax.] Straw. Craven. 
STHE A K ED, part, pass. [Strecan, Sax. to 
stretch.] >Stretched. Craven* 

STREAMERS, s. The Aurora Borealis. 

Craven* 

STREEK, prat, of to Strike. Lane. 

STREY, 8. [Streow, Sax.] Straw. Lane. 

STRICKLE, 8. [Astrican, Sax. to strike.] 

(See Strike.) 

An instrument to mete corn. Lane. 

A piece of wood covered with grease and 
sand stone, to sharpen scythes with. 

North. 

STRIG,«. The footstalk of any fruit or 

flower. i£. Sussex. BaUey. 

STRIKE, s. Four pecks or a bushel. South. 

North, 
Two strikes, or sixteen gallons, make 
one bushel of bran. Hants. 

STRIKE OF DAY, phr. Break of day. 

NoHh. 

STRIKE, 8. A straight, smooth, piece of 

wood, either round or flat, used to 

*' Strike*' off the loose corn which lies 

above the level of the rim of the bushel. 

Hants, Susitex. 
To STRINKLE, v. a. To sprinkle. Norf. 

Lane* 

STRINES, 8. The sides of a ladder. Lane. 

To STRIP, V. a. To milk a cow completely 

dry. Norf. 

STRIPPINGS, 8. The last draining of a 

cow's udder, which is considered the 

richest milk. Svff, Nm-th. 

STRIT, t. A street. Norf. 

STRITCH, 8. A strickle ; a piece of wood 

used to strike off the surplus of a com 

measure. Somerset. 

7b STRIVE, 9. d. To rob a bird's nest. 

Essex. 

STROCKINGS, t. [See Strippings.] Norf. 

STROIL, 8. Strength and agility ; also the 

long roots of weeds and grass in ground 

improperly cultivated. Exmoor. 

STROKE, «. Two pecks of com. Lane. 

STROM, 8 [See Stom.] An instrument 

to keep the malt in the vat. North. 

Bailey. 

STROMBOLO, s. fStroero, Dutch, stream ; 

Ballen balls; tide balls.] A name given 

to pieces of bitumen, highly charged 

with sulphur and salt, found along the 

coast, near Brighton. It has been used 

for fuel, and Dr. Russell applied the 

steam to scrofulous tumours. Siussex, 

To STROM E, V. a. [Stroom, Belg, a 

stream.] 

To walk with long strides. Norf. 

To Stream-along isslo walkwith slow but 

long steps. Sussex. Hants, 

STRONG-DOCKED, adj. [Strong, and 

dock, tail.] Thick set and stoutly made 

about the loins and rump. Norf. 



166 



STR. 



STU. 



STR00P,9. [Stroup, Ang. Sax. to voci- | 
feraie. Foriy, Strepittis^ Let. a Doise.] 
The gullet or windpipe. Forty, 

STROUT, ff. A struggle ; bustle ; quarrel. 

Forty, 

To STROUTE, r. n. To strut. Somerset, 

STKOUTER, «. Anything that projects. 

Somerset. 

STRUNT, s. A tail or rump, especially of 
a horse. North. Bailey, 

8TRUNTED SHEEP, are sheep with their 

tails cut off. North. BaUey, 

STRUNT Y, adj. Short. Craven. 

STRUSHINS, 8. OrU. [Destructions?] 

North. BaUey, 

STRUSnON, s. Waste. Lane, 

To STRUTT, V. a. To brace, a term usedjn 
carpentry. Craven, 

To STRY, r. a. [Destroy ?] 
To destroy ; to waste. Norf. 

STRY, 8TRY-GOOD, *. A wasteful per- 
son. Norf. 

STRYANCE,9. Wastefulness. Norf. 

STRY-GOODLY, adj. Wasteful ; extrava- 
gant; that is one who destroys goods. 

Noff. 

STUB, s. A large sum of money. Exmoor. 

STUB,«. [Stubbe, Dan.] A stump of a tree. 

NoHh. 

To STUB, V. a. To grab ap. Hants. 

STUBBED, fxxrt. pass. Ruined Craven. 

STUBBY, adj. Short and thick, like the 
stump of a tree. Sussex, Hants. 

STUCK, s. [To stick.] A slough, in which 
a man is often stuck. Norf. 

STUCKLING, s. An apple pasty, differing 
from a pie in shape and thickness. It is 
thin — somewhat half-circular in shape, 
and not made in a a dish. IV, Sussex. 

SrrUFNET, s. A skillet. Sussex. Bailey 
f^ives this word ; but I never met with it. 

STULK.HOLE,ff [See Pulk-Hole.] Norf. 

STUr^L, s, [To still ; to quiet the appetite ?] 

A luncheon ; a great piece of bread, 

cheese, or other victuals. Essex^ 

STULP, s, [Stolpe^ Su. Goth.] A low 
post put down to mark a boundary, or to 
support something. Norf, 

7b STUMP, V. a. To pay down on the nail, 
which was fixed in a block, in some 
public place, in former times. Craven. 

STUMP and RUMP, phr. Entirely. DUto. 

STUMPY, adj. Short and thick, like a 
stump. Hants. Sussex. 

STUMPS, ff. Legs. North. South. 

STVfiCH, adj. [Stunted.] Broad and stout, 
but short. North, 

To STUNNISH, v. a. To Stun; also to 
sprain the sinews. Lane. 

To STUNT, V. a. To check in growth. 

Norf. Hants, 

STUNT, STUNTY, a^j. [To Stint, Stunta, 
IsS.] Short ; blunt ; crusty ; unmannerly. 

Norf. 
Checked in growth. Hants, Sussex. 



STUPE, ff. [Stnpid.] A foolish, dull, per- 

son. Hants. Norf. 

STURDY, ff. [Estourdi, Old Fr. heedless.] 

A disease in sheep, by which the brain 

is affected by water, when they are unable 

to see clearly. Craven. 

To SUTRKEN, r. n. [Perhaps from Stirk. 

a young ox or heifer.] To grow or 

thrive. Craven. 

STVKRY, adj. [Sturdy.] Inflexible ; stiff. 

Craven. 

STUT, ff. [See Stait.] A gnat. fVeet. 

To STUT, V. n. [Stutten, Belg. to stutter.] 

To stammer. Craven. 

STUTTLE, ff. [See Stansticle.] Norf. 

STY. ff. [See Stee.] North. 

STYLE, ff. [St^gh, Belg. a path.] A way ; 

as a bridle-style— a bridle-way .J Craven. 

SUCKLING, ff. A honey-suckle. Norf. 

The common red clover, from the shape of 

the blossom, and probably the honey in 

the cup. Norf. 

The white or Dutch clover. St^. 

SUD, aux. V. [Scude« Belg.] Should. 

Cravenm 

SUDDED, part. pass. [Seodan, Sax. suds.] 

The meadows are said to be sudded, when 

covered by drift sand left by the floods. 

fVest. 
SUENT, <u(/. [Saivre,Fr. suivant; follow- 
ing.] Even; smooth; plain. Hants. 

Somerset. 
SUENTLY, ado. Smoothly ; evenly ; plain- 
ly. Somerset. 
To SUE, r. n. [Issue.] To issue in small 
quantities; to exude, as a liquor from a 
vessel, not sufficiently tight. Norf. 
To Sue land, is to make furrows to draw off 
the superfluous water. S. Sussex. 
SUE, ff. A drain or tunnel to let off water. 

E. Sussex, 
SUFFING, part. aet. [Sighing— the gh pro- 
nounced like f— Siflng, Suffing; or Suf- 
fing from Suchten, Belg. to sigh, is as 
good as Sigh> from Sicettan, Sax.] Sob- 
binir. Exmoor. 

SUGSUG, Words osed to call pigs to their 
food. Norf. Grose. 

Sig-Sig. Hants. Sussex. 

SULL, ff. A plough. SuB-paddle ; a tool 
to clean the plough with. [Sulth, Sax. a 
plough.] North, 

SULLAOE, ff. [Souiller, Fr. to sully.] 
Filth; dirt; particularly sediment. 

E, Sussex, 
SULSH, ff. A spot or stain. Somerset. 

To SULSH, 9. a. To soil or dirtv. Somerset. 
SUMMERING, ff. A rush-beanng; also a 
riot or scolding match. North. 

SUMMER-COCK, ff. A young salmon at 
that season. York. Ctty, Grose. 

SUMMER, ff. [Trabs summaria, the chief 
beam.] That part of a wagon, which 
supports the bed or body of it. E. Suss. 
SUMMER-TREE, ff. A large beam, reach- 
ing across.a building. Craven, 



SUM. 



SWA. 



167 



To SUMMER, V. a. To pat cattle oat to 
pasture during the summer. Craten, 

To SUMMER aod WINTER a PERSON, 
is to thoroughly know him, having seen 
him iu all seasons, and under all circum- 
stances, both good and bad. Sussex, 
SUMMER-GOOSE, «• [Gauze, see Gossa- 
mer.] 

An exhalation from marshes ; the gossa- 
mer. Craven, 
To SUMMER-STIR, 9. a. To fallow or till 
land in summer. Craven. 
Land so treated in Hants and Sussex, is 
said to have a Summer fallow. 
SUMMER-VOY, «. [Summer, the sun 
bringing freckles.] 
The yellow freckles in the face. Somerset, 
To SUNDER, V. a, [To separate.] To 
expose hay which has been copped, but 
not thoroughly dried, to the sun and air. 

NoHh, 
SUNK, 9. A canvas iiack-saddle, stuffed 
with straw. Ncrih. 

SUMP, s, A level or shaft in a mine. 

SUMP, «. A dead weight ; a blockhead. 

Norf. 

SUMPY, cuHf. Boggy or wet. Craven, 

(Swampy.) Heavy ; lumpish. Norf, 

To SUNKET, s, [Gioncata, Ital. a juncate.J 

To pamper ; to cram with delicacies. iVof/« 

SUPPlNGSj «« Broth, &c. ) spoon meau 

North. 
SUNKETS, t. Dainty bits : nice feeding. 

Norf. 

SUNKET, s. A contemptuous name for a 

silly fellow. Noff, 

SUN-WADE. The sun is said to Wade 

when covered by a dense atmosphere. 

Craven* 
To SUP SORROW, phr. To Usie affliction. 

Norf. 
SURFEIT, s. A cold ; a disorder. Cr<i. 
SUSE, pron. She. Lane. 

SUSS ! SUSS! Words used to call pigs to 
their food. Norf, Hants. Susses. 

To SUSS, V. n. To swill like a hog. Norf. 
SUSS, s. An uncleanly mess, looking like 
hog-wash. [See Soss.] Norf. Hants. 

Sussex, 
SUTHO, See thou ; look you. Craven. 
To SWACK, v.a. To throw with violence. 

Norf. 
SWACK, t. A hard blow, or violent fall. 

Norf 

SWACK, oiiD. Violently. Norf. 

8W ACKER, J. Something huge; a bulky 

and robust person ; a great lie. Norf, 

SW AKE, s. The handle of a pump. Norf. 

To SWAIP, o. n. To walk proudly. North. 

(Swapan, Sax. to sweep ; sweep along.] 
SWALE, s. A low place ; shade in oppo- 
sition to sunshine. Nifrf 
SWALE, adj. Windy; cold; bleak. North. 

(Swallan, Sax. swollen.) 
SWACKING, adj. Huge -, robust. Notf 



[Swacken, Teut. to move with a qaick 

force. Forby. See Wliack.] 

SWACHE, s. A tally. North. Bailey. 

STOACHE.WAY, s. The channel at low 

water, which lies between the Pier Head 

and the deep water, running through low 

sand. Rye Harbour, E. Sussex^ 

SWAD, t. The pod of a pea or bean. 

North. 

SWAD, s, A bushel basket ; a basket used 

for selling fish in* E, Sussex. 

S WAILING, adj. Lounging from side to 

side. Norf. 

To SWAG, V. n [Sewgan, Sax.] To hang 

on one side. Susftex, 

SWAMOUS, SWAMISH, SWEAMiSH, 

adj. Bashful; shy; squeamish. Craven. 

To SWANG, V. a. [To Swing:, proii. Swang.] 

To swing with great force; to Swang the 

door. Norf. 

SWANG- WAYS, adv. Obliquely ; aside. Nf, 

SWANK, t. [To Sink, Sank, Swank.] A 

low place in uneven ground. Hanis, 

To SWANK, V, n. To sink in the middle. 

Norf 

To SWANKUM, v, n. To walk to and fro 

in an idle and careless manner. Somerset. 

SWANG, s. [See Swank.] A marshy 

place, or part of a |iasture overflowed 

with water. 

A narrow strip of green turf between 
ploughed grounds. Nortlu 

To SWAP, V. a. To barter ; to exchange. 

North. 
(Ceapan, Sax. to cheapen.) Hants, Suss. 
To cut wheat in a peculiar way, differing 
from reaping ; chopping it. E. Sussex. 
SWAPE, s. A long pole, turning on a ful- 
crum, used in drawing water out of a well. 
A lever. North. 

The handle of a pump. Norf. 

(Perhaps from to Sway up ?) 
SWAPER, SWAY, s, A switch. Not/. 
SWAPPING, adj. Big; kiige; unwieldy. 

Grose. 

SWAPSON, s. [Swab, a mop.] A sloven 

or slut. fVarw. 

S W A RD-PORK, s, [S w»rd, Ang Sax. hog 

skin.] Bacon cured |in long flitches. 

Norf 
SWARFFY, adj. Tawny; blackish. Xonc. 

(Corruption of Swarthy.) 
To SWARM or SWARMLE, v. a. To 
climb the trunk of a tree, which has no 
boughs. Norf. North* 

To SWARMEN, v. n, [Swearman, Sax. to 
swarm.] To Swarm. Lane. 

SWARMEN, t. A great number. Lane. 
SWARTH, s. The ghost of a dying per- 
son. CunUmiand. 
To SWARVE, V. n. To fill up; to be 
choked up with sediment. When the 
channel of a river or a ditch becomes 
choked up with any sediment, deposited 
by the water running into it, it is said to 
Swarve up. E. Sussex. Kent. 



168 



SWA. 



SWE. 



SWASII-BUCKCT, «. A mean, slatternly 
wench* whose office is to do all ihe dirt} 
work about a house, and who, from care- 
lessness, is apt to Swash overhand spill 
the wash. Grose. 

To SWASH, SWASHLE-ABOUT, v. n. 
[Corruption of Wash.] To slop or spill 
water about j to dabble in water, so as to 
make a dirt. E. Simex, 

To SWASH, 17. n. [Swessa, Su. Goth, to 
boasi.1 To Bwageer: to affect valour. 

Norf. 
SWASHY, oii;. Swaggering; blustering. 

Norf. 
SWAT, 8. [Sweat, Sax.] Sweat. Lane. 
To SWAT, V. [Squat.] To sit down ; also 
to scatter or spill any liquid. North. 

To strike. North. 

To SWATCH, V. a. To cut or clip. North. 
SWATCH, *. A piece or parcel of any- 
thing for a sample. North. 
SWATH, SWARTH, SWEATH, s. [Swade, 
Belg.j A row of giass or com as it is 
laid ou the ground by the mowers. Kent. 

Hants. Stusex. 
SWATHE-BANK, s. A row of new-mown 
grass. North. 

SWATHE-BALKS, 8. Ridges left by the 
scythe. North. 

SWATHE, adj. [Assuage; Swage, from 
Suavis, Lat. soft.] Calm. North. 

To SWATTLE, v. n. [Sweat, Sax. sweat.] 
To waste or consume away b/ slow de- 
grees. North. 
SWAYS, t. Rods or switches. Norf. Grose. 
To SWEAL, t>. a. [Swelan, Sax.] To melt. 

North. 

To SWEAL a HOO, is to burn off the hair 

with lighted straw, instead of getting it 

off by means of hot water, which pro- 

; cess is called scalding a hog ; the latter 

plan is adopted when a hog is to be 

made into pork ; the latter when into 

bacon* Hants. 

SWEAMISH, adj. [See Swamous.] Modest. 

York. 
Having a weak stomach. Lane. 

To SWEIGH, V. n. To play at see-nw. 

Grose. 

To SWEB, V. n. To swoon. North. 

SWEETS, ff, [Scandix odorata, shepherd's 

needle, from its sweet scent] Sweet 

Cicely. Craven. 

SWEETFUL, 04;. Delightful; charming. 

Norf. 
SWELDERSOME, SWELTERSOME, a«(;. 
[To Swelter, from Swelta, Isl. to suffo- 
cate. Forbff. Sultry. Fennrng—bui 
whence Sultry ?J 

Overpoweringly hot. Norf. 

SWELKING, ai2/. Sulky. Norf. 

To SWELL, V. o. [Swelgan, Sax ] To 

swallow. Somerset. 

SWELTED,|Mire. pass. [Sweltan, Sax. to 

melt.] 

Htated ; melted ; fainted. Craven. 



SWELTIT, adj. Hot with sweating. Lane. 
To SWEY, r. a. [To Sway ; to bias or force 

on one side or the other — '' I was swayed 

by his opinion ;" hence to Sweigh, which 

see.] To weigh ; to lean upon. CVar^n. 
To SWIDDEN, V. a. To singe or bum off 

heath or such like. North. Grose, 

SWIDGE, 8. [Swiga, Isl. to swig; swg, 

Welch, a sop.] A puddla of water. Noi^. 
SWIDGES, 8. fku. [Edwitan, Sax to twitch ; 

to switch ; to lash with a switch.] 

Aches. Craven. 

SWIFT, *. An eft or newt. Norf. 

A large species of swallow, which is 

called also a Squeaker, from the noise 

it makes when flying. Hants. Svssex. 

SWIG, 8. [Swg, Welch, a sop.] Toast 

and ale. North. 

To S WIGGLE, r. q. To shake liquor in an 

inclosed vessel. Norf. 

To SWILKER, p. n. To make a noise, like 

water shaken in a barrel. North, 

To SWILKER 0'EU,v. a. To dash over. 

North. 
To SWILL, V. a. [Swilgan, Sax.] To wash 

slightly. North. 

SWILL,*. Hog-wash. Bailey. 

SWILL, 8. A washing tub with three feet. 

South. 
SW1LLINGS,«. Tlie washing of vessels. Cra. 
SWILL-TUB, #. Ahog-tub. Grose. 

SWILL, 8. [Corruption of Veil?] A 

shade. South. 

SWILLET, 8. Growing turf, set on Are for 

manuring the land. Exmoor, 

(See to Sweal.) 
SWIMY, SWIMY-HEADED, adj. [Swim, 

swimming.] Giddy in the 5*^ad ; liav- 

ing a dimness in the sight, which causes 

things to turn round before you. SusaeJt. 
SWINE-CRUE, f. ) 

SWINE-ERNE, s. MErae, Sax. a place.] . 
SWINE-HULL,*. > 

A pig-sty. Bailey. 

SWINE-GREUN, s. A swine's snout. 

North. 
To SWINGE, V. a. To singe. Craven, 

To SWINGE, V. a. [Swingelan, Sax. to 

beat] To flog; to beat; as, "I will 

Swinge him well." Sussex. 

SWINGEL, 8. That part of a flail which 

beats the corn out of the ear. Norf, 

Htsnls, Sussex. 
To SWINGEL-FLAX, is to separate the 

fibrous part from the other, by beating. 

Hants. 
SWINGING.ST1CK, *. A stick for beating 

or opening wool or flax. Lane, 

To SWINGLE, V. a. To cut off the heads 

of weeds, without rooting them up. Norf. 
SWINGLE-TREE, *. A splinter bar. Cra. 

A piece of wood to keep the gear of a 

horse spread out, so that it may not 

touch his sides. Lane. 

SWIPE, *. [See Swape.] The lever or 

I handle of a pump. Norf. 



SWI. 



SPA. 



169 



SWIPES, t. Small beer. Suuex. Hanfs, 
[Swapan, Sax. to sweep ; small beer bein^ 
the leaTing or sweeping, at it were, of 
the brewing.] 

SWIPPEK, adj. Quick. North. BaSey. 
[Whipper-snapper is a name applied to a 
little busy man. — ^To whip« to move 
nimbly.] 

Ta SWIRT, 9.11. [Corruption.] Tosquirt. Crv, 

SWISH, adtf. Very quickly ; as he went by 
• Swish.' 

To SWISH-ALONG, v. n. To move with 
great quickness. ffanf 9. Sussex. 

To SWITHER, V. a. To throw down forci- 
bly. North. 

ro SWITHER, t>. n. [To wither; to fade 

for want of moisture.] To blaze; to 

born very fiercely. Lane. 

To S within. ^ Craven, 

To SWIZZEN, r. a. to singe. North, 

To SWIZZLE, V. n. To drink ; to swill; 
from which last it is probably derived. 

Sussex. Hatujts. 

SWOB, s, [Swabb, Swed. a mop.] A very 
awkward fellow ; one only fit for coarse 
drudgery. Norf, 

To SWOB, V, n* To run over as a liquid 
does* from a vessel when very full, if 
touched however slightlv, iHien a Snob 
will be required to wipe it up. Norf. 

To SWOBBLE, v. n. To talk in a noisy, 
bullying manner, as a Swob, or low lived 
person. Norf. 

SWOBFUL,a(iy. Full to the brim, so that 
a little will nuke it overflow, and require 
a Swob. Norf. 

SWOPPLE, ff. The swingel of a flail. 
(To Wop is to beat — Swop— Swopple.) 

SWORD-SLEIPER, «. A sword cutler. Nt. 

TdSWORL, V, n. [Sur, Sat. surly.] To 
snarl,^as a dog does. Sussex. Hailey, 

SWOTTLING, adj, [Sweat, Sax.] Cor- 
pulent, hence sweaty and greasy. Norf. 

SWOUND, s, [Swong, Sax.] A swoon. Nf, 

To SWOUND, V. fi. To swoon. JMo, 

8WUDGE,«. A copious Swidge. DiUo. 

SWULLOCKING, adj. [Swelking, which 
see.] 

Very sultry. Norf. 

The clouds are said to look Swallocky in 

very hot weather, just previously to a 

thunder storm. E, Sussex. 

8WUUD,«. [.Suerd, Isl.] A sword. Norf. 

SYBRRIT, ff. [Syb, Ang. Sax. relationship, 
and Byrht, Ang. Sax. manifest; that is 
making manifest an intended affinity.] 
The banns of marriage. Noif, 

SYE, ff. [Can it be from Sipan, Sax, to sip ; 
to take a small draught f] 
A drop. North, 

To SYE, V. a. To put milk &c. through 
a seive. North. 

To SYE, V. n. To rain very fast. North. 

SYKE, ff. [Sich, Sax. a furrow.] 
A small rivulet. North, 

8YKER, ai(/. [Sulk, Belg.] Swh. North. 



SYME, ff. A frame of ttniw to set pant on. 

North. Qrose. 
SYNE, adv, [Sind, Belg. Syne, Scotch.] 
Since. Craven* 

To SYPE, V, n. [Sipan, Sex. to sip.] 

To drop eently; to distil. Craoen* 

ToSYPE-UP, V. o. To drink np. Crmen. 

T. 

TA, TE, TO, art. or pron. [The, Ang. Sax. 

the.Te,Thad, Isl. that. Ta, tho,M8Bso G.To. 

Forby, whom see.] The, this, that, it. Norf. 

TA', V. imp. m. Take. Lane. 

TA. To a. Dkto. 

TA AND PRA. [Te, Sax to ; and Fra, Sax* 

fro.] To and fro. Craven. 

TAA, ff. [Tao, Sax.] A toe. Ditto. 

TAAD, ff. [Tade, Sax. a toad.] Ditto. 

To TAAL, V. n. To settle ; to be reconciled 

lo a situation, as a servant to a place, 

or sheep to a haunt. North. 

[Duala. Tent, to dwell ; changing the D 

into T as the Welch do, we shall have 

Tuala Taal.] 

TA AN, TAA, a^f. [Thad. Isl. that ; Ta and 

An, Sax. one ] One. Craven. 

TAASf part, pass. Taken. Ditto. 

TAANTOTHER. One another. [See Taan, 

one.] Craven. 

TAB, ff. [Tag, Tsl. to tag together, to join.] 

The latchet of a shoe. North. Norf. 

TABERN, ff. [Taberna, Lat. a tavern.] 

A cellar. North. 

To TABLE, V, a. To board a person, to 

And him in provisions. Craven. 

TACK, ff. [Attack ?] A blow of slap with 

the open hand. West. 

Substance, solidity, proof, spoken of the 

food of cattle. Norf. Qrose. 

To Tack hands is to clap hands IVest. 

[Perhaps to take hands.] 
A trick at cards — probably corrupted from 
Take, as when a trick is won it is taken 
up. Norf. 

A bargain or lease, from to take. Craven. 
A shelf, being intended to take or receive 
pieces of furniture. Sontersel. 

A cause-road or path, generally used 
figuratively, as he is on the wrong tack, 
meaning he goes the wrong way to work, 
to discover something which he wishes 
to know. [To Tack, to alter and shape 
the course of a vessel to suit the wind.] 
^useXf A strong, rank, fiavour. [Tanghe, 
Belg. a tang, or Tache Pr. a stain, a 
blemish.] Sussex. 

TACKER, ff. [Tacher, Fr. lo tack ; to fasten 
anything; that is to attach it.] 
Wased thread used by shoemakers. Som. 
The tae king-end. Orose. 

To TACK.v. a. To take. Craven. 

TACKING, ff. Condition, Ddto. 

To TACK SHAME, is to be ashamed. Ditio. 
TAFFETY, adj. (Taff'ctas, Fr. a very smooth, 
glossy, silk| formerly made at Lyons.] 



170 



TAG. 



TAN. 



Dainty; nice ; uaedehiefly id regard to food. 

SiMMrMf. Sui9§x» Hanii, 

TAG, «• [Tcgl. Aug. Sax. a tail ; Tigl. lah] 

A nbble. Narf. 

To TAG-AFTER a penoay is to stick ai 

close to him as the tail of an animal does 

to its body. Narf, Siisasx. HanU. 

TAG, «. A sheep of a year old. 

7b TAG A SHEEP9 !■ to cut off the diitj 
locks of wool around the tail. [Tagl. 
Isl. tail.] UanU. 

TAIL.WHEAT, &c., TaiUnds, GUme. The 
inferior graiui which is left after the 
corn has been winnowed. HanU, Sustem, 

TAIL-BAND, i. The crupper of a saddle. 

OOMII. 

** To keep Tail in the Water," is to prosper, 
as fish, when healthy, keep their tails 
under water. Cranen. 

TAINT, «. A very dirty slut, whose very 
touch would taint one. Norf, 

TAISTRIL» «. A villain, Teaze-trill; a 
troublesome fellow. Cravtn. 

To TAKE-UP, V, n. When rain has pre- 
vailed for some time, and it then be- 
comes dry, the weather is said to <* take 
up.'* Estex, 

TALLET, t, n^l, Brit, tall ; high.] The 
upper room next the roof; applied chiefly 
to a stable, as a hay-tallet. 00m. Hanit, 
TALLOW-CRAPS, «. [Krappen, Belg. to 
crop or break off.] The pieces or crack- 
lings of tallow. Craven. 
TAM, s. An abbreviation of Thomasine. 

Noff. 
TAN, adv. [Than, Goth.] Then. 

Nor/. Hantit, Sotnersti. 
The following lines are common in Hants: — 

Doctor Faustus was a good xaan. 

He beat his children now and '< tan,*' 

When he did, he led them a dance 

Out of England into France, 

Out of France into Spain, 

And then he wblpp'd them back again. 

To TAN, V, a. To beat; as, *' 1 will tan 
jour hide for you." Sustex. 

TANBASTE or TANBASE, $. A scuffling, 
or struggling. [See Tan.] Extnoor, 

TANG,«. £Tanghe, Belg.] A strong, rank, 
flavour. Norf. 

Twang IS the word generally used in 
Sussex. 

TANG, t, [StiDgan, Sax. to sting — prset. 
Stang.] A stiijg. Craren. 

To TANG, V, a, [Penning gives Tang, Sax. 

a twig, as the root of entangle ; hence 

Tang is a good old word.] To tie. Som, 

To Tangle. Grose. 

TANKEROUS, atV. [Tang, Sax. to tangle; 
a cross person is said to be crooked — 
croAs-grained.] Fretful; cross; querulous. 

Norf. 

TANTABLET, 9. A sort of tart, in which 
the fruit is not covered with a cruat, but 
fancifully tricked out with slender shreds 
of pastry. X^orf, 



To TANTLE, v. n. [Trantanen, Belg. to go 
gently. To trifle ; to walk about gently ; 
to be busy, without doing much. Crareum 

TANTRELS,«. Idle people. North. 

TANTR1L.«. An idle girl. Craven. 

TANTRUMS, «. [Tknd, Germ, vanity.] 
lying reports ; haughtiness. Cravenm 

TANTRUMS, s. . Aiis; whims; absurd 
freaks. Noff. Sustex. HanU. 

TAP AND CANNEL, s. [Tap ; and Canal, 
Fr. a channel.] A spigot and faucet. Sons. 

TAPLEY or TAPELY, a4i. [Taper, Sax. 
a taper — a light.] Early in the morning, 
when the light first appears. Extmoor, 

To TAPPIS, V. n. [Tapis. Lat. a carpet ; what 
is on the tapis, or on the carpet ?] To 
lie close to the ground ; a sportsman's 
phrase. '* It is so wet the birds cannot 
tappis." Norf. 

TARURY, adj. [Tawdry?] Immodest ; loose. 

Nmf. 
TARN, s. [Tiorn, Isl.] A lake or pool ; 
a small lake. North. 

TAltRIT, prai, of. To tarry. Lane. 

In Lancashire the prei. and part, are often 
terminated with * it,' instead of ' ed.' 
TASKER, s, A thrasher. Norf. Grote. 

. [Probably because thrashers are paid so 
much fer the task or job, and not by 
the day.] 
TASK-WORK, i. Work which is paid for 
according to the quantity done, as thrash- 
ing com by the iquarter, hedging and 
ditching by the rod, &c«, and not by the 
day. Sussex. Kent. Hants. 

TASS, s. [Tasse, Fr.] A cup or dram. Narf. 
TASSY, s. [Tsssen, Belg. to toss or throw 
things about, as mischievous people are 
very apt to do.] A mischievous child. 

Craven, 

A silly fellow. Grose. 

To TASTE, V. a. To smelU North. 

TASTRIL, s, A cunning rogue. North. 

TAT, pron. That. lane. 

'* Tit for Tat, if you kill my dog, I'll kill 

your cat," is a phr. signifyingi shall treat 

you, as you treat me. To Tat,is4o touch 

gently. Hants. 

TATHE, ff. [Tad, Isl. dung.] Manuredropped 

on the kind by cattle depastured on it. 

Norf. 
To TATHE, V. a. To manure land with 
fre sh du ng, by turning cattle on it. Narf 
To TATTER, v. n. To stir actively and in- 
dustriously. Norf. 
[To Tatter, to tear to rags.] 
TAT, s. A very slight touch. HanU, 
TAUGHT, TOUGHT, adj. [Corruption of 
Tight.] Tight ; «* Pull the rope taught." 
Norf. In Hants and Sussex this word 
is confined to sailora, or those who, living 
near the coast, borrow it of them. 
TAUM, I. A fishing line. Craven. 
[See Taw ; a whip and a line somewhat 
resemble each other.] 
To TAUNT, t>. a. To tease, j Notf. 



TAV. 



TEE. 



171 



To TA VE, V. a. Toven, Teut. to rage.] To 
•pread or kick the limbs aboat, like a 
dittracted peraon. Craven, 

TAW, «. A whip. [Tawian/Saz. to dress 
leather; and a whip is made of leather.] 

TAW, 8. The marble, with which a boy 
shoots at those in the ring or at his 
adversary's. iV, Sutsem. Hani*. 

TAW LINGS, i. The mark from which boys 
shoot their marbles at the commence- 
ment of a game. Suitex, Hants, 

ToTAWMfV.n, [Tomber, Fr. to fall.] To 

swoon ; to faint away. Notth, 

To vanish. Lane* 

To TAY, 9. a. To take. Craven. 

TAWEI^ i, [Tawian, Sax.] A leather- 
dresser. E. Sussex, 

TE, TEH, pron. Thy. Lane, 

art. The. Lane, 

TEA,r>tep. To. [Te, Belg.] Grose, 

To TEA, v.n. To drink tea ; as I expected 
■ach a one to tea with me. 

Not/, Sussex, Hants, 

TEALIE, «. A tailor. Lane. 

TEAM, s. An ox-chain, passing from yoke 
to yoke* North, 

TEAMER, ff. A team of five hoTwe»,Nf,Grose. 

TEAMER-MAN, s, A waggoner. DUto, 

To TEAMER, TEAM, v, n. [Team, Sax. 
to produce copiously.] To pour out 
copiously ; a laige congregation issuing 
from a church, or a crowded audience 
from a theatre, is said to comeTeam- 
ering out. Norf, 

TEAMFUL, act;. Brimful. iVoWA. 

T£ ATH Y, a4f. Peevish, cross. Lane, 

[Tetchy ? See Teeny.] 

TEASTRIL, f. [See Tastril.] A cunning 
rogue. North. 

TEAW, nron. Thou. Lane, 

To TEAW, 9,a» and n. [Teohan, Sax. to tow.] 
To pull. Lane. 

To work hard ; to roffle a person ; that is, by 
pulling him about. Lane, 

To TBAWSE, V. a. To pull or ruffle. Ditto, 

TEAP, «. A tup; a ram. North, 

TEATHE, s. The dung of cattle. Noff, Qrose. 

TEAT A, afilv. Too much. North, 

To TED or TET, v.n. To be ordered or 
permitted to do a thing. Bxmoor. 

To TED, V, a, [Teodan, Sax.] To shake 
new-mown grass out of the swathe, and 
spread it over .the ground, so that the sun 
and wind may more readily make it into 
hay. North, Hants, Sussex, 

TEDDIOUS, adf. Fretful ; difficult to please ; 
literally, tedious and tiresome. Craven. 

TEE, pnm, [The, Sax.] Thee. Lane, 

TEE, s. [Tian, Sax. to tie.] A hair rope 
to shackle cows with, when milking them. 
A tie ; a cow-tee. Craven. 

T& TEEM, V. a. To pour out ; to oour 
down with tain. North, 

7b TEEM-OUT, v. a. To pour oat. Lme, 
[Team, Sax. to produce abundantly, or 



Tommen, Dan. to poor; whence colnes 
the Scotch Toom to '* Toom" the cup. 
See Burns' song of *' Auld lang syne.*' 

TEEN, adj. [Tenen, Flem. to grieve.] 
Angry. North. 

TEEN, «. Trouble ; vexation. Norf, 

To TEEN, V, a. To trouble. DUto. 

TEENFUL, a4i. Troublesome; vexatious. 

DUto 

TEENY, a^j. Fretful; also small, from 
Tint, Dan. tiny.] Lane. 

TEENAGE, «. [Tian, Sax to tie; and Hedge.] 
Brushwood to make or mend hedges 
with. BaUey, 

TEEN-LATHE, s. [Ten, Teen, and Lathe; 
but whence Lathe ?J A tithe-barn. 

Craieen. 

TEESTY-TOSTY, «. [Tassen, Belg. to 
toss.] The blossoms of cowslips col- 
lected together, tied in a globular form, 
and used to toss to and fro for an amuse- 
ment called Teesty-Tosty, or sometimes, 
simply, " Tosty." ' Somerset. 

TEERY, adj. [Tirian, Sax. to tire.] Faint ; 
weak Somerset* 

TEETHY, adj. [Teeth -- children being 
peevish when teething, or cutting their 
teeth.] Peevish ; cross. Craven. 

TELE, s, [Tellan, Sax. to tell.] A tale. 

Lane. 

TELE, «. [T«gl. Sax.] A tail. DUto. 

TEVIS,TEMSE, s. [Teems, Belg. perhaps 
Team, Sax. to pour out copiously.] A 
sieve. North, 

TEMSE-BREAD, s. Bread made of sifted 
or fine flour. South, Bailey. 

T£MT10US,a(^'. Tempting; inviting. 

Sotnerset* 

TEN, adv. [Dsen. Belg] Then. Lane. 

TENCH-WEED, s. A pond-weed which 
is supposed to be very agreeable to Tench. 
[Broad-leaved pond-weed.] Potamo- 
geton natans, Linn. Norf. 

TENDER, « [Tend, from Attend.] A waiter 
at a public table, or a place of enter- 
tainment. 

To TENT, V. a. [Tend.] To look to ; to 

watch. North. 

To prevent. Craven, 

TER, s. Anger, passion. North. 

7b TERRIFY, v, a. To tease; to worry; 
to irritate ; to annoy. Norf, Sussex. 

TERRA, f. [Tferra, LaU earth.] A turf. 

Extnoor. 

To TERVEE, v. o. [Topsy-Turvy ; bottom 
upwards ; literally the top turned.] To 
straggle, and tumbloy to get free. 

xuBinoor. 

To TEUGH, V. «. [See to Teau.] To labour. 

Craven, 

To TEW, TOW, V. a. [Teohan, Sax. to 
tow.] To pull, tear, and tumble about, 
as hay with the fork and rake, or a weedy 
soil with plough and barrow. Notf. 

TEWIT, «. A peewit or plover. Ctaven, 

TEWLY, wy, [Teohan. Sax. to tow ; to 



172 



TEY, 



THI. 



pjill— •lekneM pvUing^ a perMm down.] 

•ick ; tender. Sculh BaUey, 

To TEYTCH, v. a. To teach. Lane. 

THA^nron. They. Somertet. 

THAAVLE,t. A pot-stick. North, 

To THACK, «. o. [Thaccian, Sax.] to 

thatch. IHtto, Naff, 

THACK.f. Thatch. North, 

THACK-TILES, «. Roof tiles. Orote, 

THACKy «• Any material for thatching:, 

as stimw, sedf^e, weeds, &c. Norf, 

THACKER, THACKST£R, «. A thatcher. 

DUlo. 
THABIPY, Chi;. Damp— by changing th into 

d ; as murder, murther ; burden, narthen. 

Cran€n, 
THAN, adxf, [Goth.] Then. (See Tan.) 

IHAPES, t, pi. [See Tapes. ] Narf, 

TUARF, adj, [Thearf, Ang^. Sax. Todd.] 

Slow and heavy; unleayened; applied 

tOi bread. Craven, 

THAR-CAKE^t. A heavy, unraised, cake. 

Craven, 

A cake made of oatmeal, unleavened, 

mixed with butter and treacle, and baked 

on the hearth. Lane. 

THARRY, a4f' Dark. 8uff. 

THARMS, or THARNS, i. Intestines. 

Craven. 
Guts, washed for making hogVpuddings. 

Line, Badey, 
THAT-AT-DANNAT, «. The Devil. North, 
THAT'NS, ado. After that manner. Norf, 
THArS-WHAT, pAr. Very probable ; that 
is what is likely to happen. Craven, 

Til AUF, etmj, [Changing gh into f and pro- 
nouncing it. Thauh, Goth.] Though, 
Although. 8umer9el. 

THE, pron. It ; as '* the child will cut theself 
if you do not take away the knife ;" ** the 
own accord," for its own accord. JVbr/. 
Thee, Thy, They. Lane. 

THEAD, s. [Thydan, Ang. Sax. to perfo- 
rate.] The tall wicker strainer placed 
in the mash-tub, over the hole in the 
bottom, that the wort may run off clear. 

Aor/. 
THEAKER, », [See Thack.] A thatcher. 

Craven, 

THEAT, adj. [Corruption of Thick.] Firm ; 

staunch ; not leaky. North, 

THEAVE, «. A ewe of a year old. Enex. 

THEAWM, THAME,*. A thumb, lane. 

THECKA, THECKEE, THEK, pron. 

Ikmon, 

That. Weut, 

THEIGH, *. [Theoh, Sax.] A thigh. Crar. 

THEM, pron. Those. Nifrf. Su$9ex. HanU, 

THEN, $, That time. «' By then," Dkio. 

THERE-AND-THERE-AWAYS, pkr. 

Thereabouts. Norf. 

THE TONE, THE TOTHER. The one and 

the other; th*one, th*other; the article 

being duplicated. Notf. 

THEWED, adj. Cowardly. North. BaUey. 



THIBLE, i. A wooden spatula to attr a 

pot with. North. 

[Nares has this word/ind gives for its origin, 

twi-bill, having two sharp edges.-- 

Bailey has the word also, and says it 

signines a dibble, if so Tfaible is made 

Dibble by merely changing d into th.] 

THICK, aty. Very mtimaie. 

North, South. Norf. 

THICK-HOTS, i. Water. porridge, made 

of oatmeal, sometimes mixed with fat, 

and baked in a pan. Craven. 

[So called from being thick and hot.] 

THIC, pron. Tliat. [Thilk, Scotch.] 8om. 

THICK-USTED, adj. Short-winded. fTest. 

THICK-PODDITCH, «. Thick water-gruel. 

Lane, 

THlGHT,adf/. Close; thick set; applied 

to turnips or other crops. 

Close; water-tight — applied to roofs of 

buildings. Narf. Grote. 

Well-joinied or knit together. BaHey. 

(Tight.) 

THILL, f. [Thille, Sax.] The shafts of a 

wagon or cart. Hants. 

THIIX.EU or THILL-HORSE, j. The 

horse tlwt goes in the thills. Ditto. 

THIN, cuir. Than. Lane. 

THINDER a./!?. Yonder. Norf. 

THIN-DRINK^ «. Small beer. South. 

THINK, t. A thing. Lane. London. 

THINK-ME-ON, phr. Put me in mind. 

North. 
To THIR, V, a. To frigh'jen; to hurt or 
strike dead. Exmoor. 

To THIRL, V. a. [Thirlian, Ang. Sax. to 
bore, from Thur, thro'.] To bore or drill ; 
to pierce through. Yorks. Uneoln. 

THIRL, «• The orifice of the nose; Nose- 
Thirl, a nostril. Craven. 
THIRL, a4j. Thin, gaunt, lean ; as though 
bored through. WeH. 
THO, adv. Then. Somertet. 
THODDEN, adj. Thick and close ; spoken 
of bread. Zane- 
THOF^ eonj. [Gh being changed into f.] 
Although, though. Craven. 
To THOLE, V. a. [Tholian. Ang. Sax. 
Doleo, Lat. to grieve ; Dole Thole.] 
To brook to endure ; to afford. North. 
THOKISH, adj. [Is it a corruption of Thick; 
Thickish^* heavy ; a thick-headed fellow.] 
Slothful; sluggish. Norf, 
THOLE-PIN, s. [Thol, Ang. Sax.] 

Porhy. 

Is it th* Hole-pin, or from Thills, the shafts 

of a cart between which the horse goes, 

as the oar does between the Tholes.] 

The pins on the gunwale of a boat, be* 

tween which the oar is con6ned when 

rowing. Norf. Thole. Hants. 

TIIONE, adj. Damp ; moist. 

North. Bailey. 

THORNEN, adj. Made of thorn; having 

the quality or nature of thorn. Somerset. 

THOUGHT, s. A very minute difference 



THO. 



THR. 



173 



in degree, aft a thought too long, too 
•hort, too heavy, Ac*, as minute in degree 
aa a thought it in conception. 

iVoi/. Craven, 
THOUGHTS, *. p/. Opinion. Norf. 

THOUM, t, (Thuma, Sax.] A thumb. 

Craven. 

THOUGHT, ». [Thwart.] 'A rower's seat 

in a boat which goes across it. Hanit. 

THREAF, s, A handful ; a bundle. Norih. 

THRANG^ i, [Thrang, Sax.] A throng. 

North. 
7b THR A NG, v. n. To be busy. Dkio. 

THRAST, V. pr€Bl, [Thrust] Pushed. 

Craven. 
To THR AVE, v. n. [Throa, Sax. to thrive ; 
to increase.] To throng. fVaru)» 

THRAVE,ff. A throng. Ditto. 

7*0 THR AW. v.n. To argue holly and 
loudly. [See to Threap.] Lane, 

THREADEN, adj. Made of threail. Norf, 
THREAD-THE-NEEDLE, t. A child's 
game played as follows:— A number of 
girls form a ring, holding each other** 
bands, then one lets go and passes under 
the arms of two, who siUl join hands, 
and the others all follow, holding either 
by each other's hand or part of their 
dress. E. Sumex, 

To THREAP, THREAPEN, THREAP- 
DOWN, V. a. To affirm positively ; to 
insist upon a thing. North. Bailey, 

To blame ; to rebuke ; to urge or press on. 

Orose, 
To answer again with impertinence. 
[Threapian, Ang. Sax.] Craven. 

TH REAVE, 8. [Threaf, Ang. Sax.] Twenty- 
four sheaves, or two shocks of com set 
up toother North. 

THREED, t. [Thraed, Sax.] Thread. 

Craven. 
THRIFT, ff. The sea-pink, a liitle plant 
used to make edges to garden borders. 

Hants, 

THRIFT, c. A pain in the joints of young 

persons. Lane. 

[Thrive — thriving or growing pains.] 

To THUMPLE, v. a. To fumble. North. 

To THRIMMO, v. a. To finger any thing 

for an unnecessary length of time ; as a 

miser does his money. 

Lane, 
To THRING, r. a. To press forward. 

North. 

[Thrang, Sax. throng — why not thring ?] 

To THRiP, 9, a. To beat. North, 

THROAT-HAPS, t. [Throat, and Hasp.] 

The strap of a halter or bridle, which 

goes under a horse's throat to keep it on. 

Hantt. 
THROAT-LATCH, t. [See TbroaUHaps.] 

Norf. 

Tlie strings of a hat or cap which fasten 

under the chin. Ditto, 

To THRODDEN, v. n. [Throa, Sax. to 

thrive.] To grow ; to thrive. Bailey. 



THRODDEN, THRODDLE, THRODOY, 

adj. Fat ; broad ; bulky ; thriving. North, 

THRONG, adj. Busily eni ployed as a person 

is in a throng or crowd. DUio, 

THROPPLE, i, [Corruption of Fhrottle, 

from throat.] Throat. Craven. 

To THROPPLE, v.a. To throttle : to strangle. 

Yorker 

THROSTLE, «. A thrush. North. 

THROTTEEN. adj. [Three, Sax. three; 

and teen.] Thirteen. Lane. 

THROW or THRAW, t. A turner's lathe. 

North. 
To THROW, e. a. To turn as tamers do. 

North. 
To work at the tin-mines. DiUo, 

THROWS, s. [Through.] A thorough- 
fare ; a public way ; the four-throws, 
a point where four roads meet. 

/?. Sussex, Kent. 
To THRUCHT, v. a. To thrust. North, 
THRUFF,'*. A Comb. Cumb. 

TRUFF, pre. Through. DUto, 

To THRUM, r. n. To pur as a cat. Norf, 
THRUM, adj. Blunt ; also sour. Craven. 
THRUNG,THRUNK, adj. [See Throng.] 
Very busy. Lane. 

THRUNK-WIFE, s. A triaingly busy 
person. 'Lane, 

THRUNTY, adj. Healthy ; hardy. North. 

(Throa, Sax. to thrive.) 
THRUT, s. [Throw.] The distance to 
which a stone is thrown. 
A throw in wrestling. Lane. 

THRUTCHiNGS,«. The last piv^ssed whey 
in making of cheese. (Thrust T) Lane, 
THUMB-SNACK, «. [See Snack.] A sim- 
ple kind of fastening for a door. Norf. 
THUMP, 8. [See Bang.] A sort of hard 
cheese. Norf, 

THUNK, ff. [This seems to be corrapted 
from Thong, in the same way as Think, 
from Thing.] A lace of white leather. 

Lane, 
THUNNER-PACKS, s. [Thunor, Sax. 
thunder. Packs, perhaps, from packs of 
wool-white.] Large white clouds, indi- 
cative of thunder. Craven, 
THURCK, adj. [Deorc, Sax. dark. D 
changed into th, it becomes Theorc, 
Thurck.J Dark. Norf, 
THURN,ff. [Thawras, Goth.] A thorn. 

Lane, 
THURT, aiy. [Thwart.] 

A cross-grained, or ill-tempered fellow j 

Berks. 

THUS and SEEA, adv. So so. Craven, 

THWACK, or TUWANG, ff. A large piece 

of bread and cheese. Lane, 

(Thaccian, Sax. to thwack; to beat 

heartily, with a heavy hand.) 

THWAITE, ff. [Thwitan, Ang. Sax.] 

A pasture, cleared of wood. Craven, 

To THWITE, V. a. To whittle ; to make. 

white by cutting. North, 

To cut with a knife. £afic. 



174 



TIC. 



TIL. 



THW ITTLE>, i. A wooden-hafled k d i fe. 

Lane, 
TICKING, t The aetting up (arf to dry. Nt. 
TICK, «. [Tig, Brit.] A very gentle touch, 
either by way ^of hint or endearaient. 

Norf, 
To TICK, r. fi. To toy. Nor/. 

TICKLER, 8. An iron pin used by brew- 
ers to take a bung out of a ca>k, JS, Sui8, 
TICKLER. Something to puzzle or per- 
plex a person. Sussex, Hants. 
TID, adj. Lively ; sprightly. Gkuc, 
TIDER, TIDDER, or TITTER, adj. 
Sooner; quicker ; earlier. Also soon; 
quickly. North. 
TiDDUNG, TITTUNG, adj. Topmost; 
from anything ou the very top, being in 
a ticklish or tittlish state. Norf, 
'<Tiddling about," is being busy about 
trifles. K Sussex. 
TIDY, ». A light outer covering, worn by 
children to keep their clothes clean and 
tidy. Norf. 
A pianafore, E. Sussex. 
TiFF,ff. [ii-fa, Isl. To fall headlong. 

Craven Dialect.] 
Angef ; pet ; slight anger. Craven. Nor/. 

Hants. 8us»ex. 
TIFF, s. A small draught of liquor. Som. 
To TIFFLl^, V. n. To be mightily busy 
about a little. Norf. 

To TIFFLE, V. a. To turn ; to stir any- 
thing about by tumbling. North. 

E. Sussex. 
TIFT, t. Condition ; order. North. 

To be in good Tift. 
To TIFT, V, a. [Can this in any way be 
formed from to Fit, to make fit T] 
To adjust. North. 

TIGHT, ad. [Tidt, Sax. seasonable.] 
Prompt; active; alert. Norf. 

To TIGHT, V. a. To clean ; to put in order ; 
'* To tight one's self up," is to dress or put 
on clean clothes. Hants. Sustex. 

To TIGHT, V. a. To ascertain the weight 
of a thing by lifting iL Somerset. Hants. 
TIGHTLY, adv. [Tyd, Sax. season.] 
Promptly; actively; alertly; as, *'Bearthou 
these letters tightly." ShaMspeare's 

Merry Wives <^ Windsor, 
TIGUTISH, adj. Well ; in good health. 

Sussex, 
TIGHT-LOCK, «. [So called from beine 
used to bind sheaves of beans or oats.J 
Any species of coarse aedge, growing in 
marsh ditches. Norf, 

TIKE, s. [Tjrk, Isl. a little dog.] A fellow ; 
a term applied to any odd fellow. A 
small bullock. North. 

To TILD, V. a. [Tjfld, Sax.] a '\Norf. 
7b TILE, V. a. Cilt; a tent, f Somerset. 
TILT,v.ck either of \E. Sussex. 

which is made sloping tol 
carry off wet.] J 

To iDclioe j to set a thing in apparent 
danger of liBdling. To laise a cask of 



beer or other liquor when it is nearly 
empty, so as to be able to draw it all out. 
TILE-SHERD, «. [Tile; and Shard, a frag- 
ment ] 

A fragment of a tile. Norf.. 

Tile-shed. E. Sussex. 

TILLER, s. The handle of a spade. Norf. 
A very young forest tree. Hants. 

The handle of a chip's rudder. HcaUs. 

Sussex. 

Td TILLER, e. a. To throw out many 

stems from the same root. Norf. 

TILLERS, s. The young shoots of wheat 

in the spring. Hants. 

TILTY, adj. Testy ; soon offended. Som. 

(To tilt up a cart, is to raise the head, so 

that the contents may fall out behind. 

To tilt over is to upset ; a testy person 

is soon upset.) 

Tlfi, prep. Till. Lane. 

TINE. s. [Trime, Isl. a tooth.] The spike 

of a folk. North. 

The iron spike of a'harrow. Hants. 

lo TINE, V. a. [Tynan, Ang, Sax. to shut.] 

To close ; to shut ; as, *' Tine the door.'* 

Craten. Somerset. 

To inclose ; as "Tine in the moor," that 

is, divide it into allotments. Somerset. 

To light; to kindle; as, "Tinethe candle," 

light the candle. Somerset. 

7b TINE AN EGG, is to dress it. Btdley. 

ToTlNG, V. a. [Tincian, Brit, to make a 

sharp, shrill noise.] 

To ring a small bell. <*To Ting bees" is to 

collect them together, when they swarm^ 

by the aucient music of the key of the 

front door and the warming pan, the 

melody of which is still believed to be 

efficacious. Novf. Forhy. 

In Hampshire the same plan is adopted 

with the same belief; but I rather think, 

myself, it was originally done not to 

cliarm, but to claim the bees, no one 

being allowed to take the swarm so long 

as the owners followed them with the 

music above mentioned. 

7b TING, V. o. To chide severely. Exmoor, 

TING, t. A long girth or surcingle, that 

girds the panniers tight. West. 

TING-TANG, s. [From the sound.] 

The small bell of a church. North. 

TINGE, s. A small red insect, being stained 
Of tinged. Lasie. 

TINKLER, 8. A tinker. Craven, 

7b TINKER, e. a. To repair things by 
halves, and not thoroughly i to do any- 
thing in a little way, after the feshion of 
tinker's work. Susses^. Hants. 

TfMARRANY, s. [Ti, from Tu, Sax. two. 
Twenty is tytwo, twen-teen, ten. Mau- 
anny may be from Myrran,' Sax. to mar, 
injure, (femage. Thus we have two da- 
maged things.] Two poor things; there 
they go Timanany. Norf. 

TIMMER, s. [Timmer, Belg. timber.] Cra. 
Timber; wood. Sowiiinei. 



TIM. 



TIT. 



175 



TIMMERN,a4^. Wooden; made of wood 
or timber, ai a Timmem bowU Sonu 
TIMMERSOME, o^;. Fearful ; timid. 

Lane. Somenet. B, Sussex, 
Fasaionate; fretfal. North. 

To TIP£,v. a. To ton with the hand. 

NoHh. 
TIPE, «. A trap for catching rabbits, rats, 
or mice. North, 

TIPPERED, at^j. Dressed unhandsomely. 

Orote. 
TIPPY, *. The brim of a cap or bonnet. 

North. 

To TIP, V. a. To tarn or raise on one side. 

Sotnenet. 

To raise the head or tip of a cart, so that 

its contents may the more easily fall or 

be taken out. (Shelve.) Hants. 

TIP, s. A draught of liquor. [Tepel, Teut. 

tipple.J Somersei* 

TIP, s. A smart but light blow, not going 

below the tip or surface. Norf. 

To TIPE, V. fi. To kick up or fall headlong. 

Norf. 

TIPPLE, ff. Liquor ; drink. Sussex, Hants. 

TIP-TEERERS, t. Mummers, who go 

about at Cbristmas,dres8ed up with shreds 

of coloured paper, and perform a short 

r kind of play, founded on the story of our 

patron, St. George. Hants, 

TIRANTi aeii. Special; extraordinary. 

fVest. 

TIRE, s. [From Attire, dress, or from Tuyr, 

Belg. head-dress.] 

The iron band of a wheel. Hanfs. Sussex. 

To TIRL, r. a. [Twirl, from Whirl.] To 

turn over, as leaves in a book. North. 

TIRLINS,*. Small pebbles, or coals. 

Craven, 
TISSICK, s. [Phthisic, Gr.] 
A tickling, faint cough. Norf, 

A tissicky cough. Hants, Suis, Norf. 

TIT, s. [Tydder, Sax. tender, delicate.] 



used. 

Titty-tottv. 
TITTY-PUSS, ». 

A cat. 
TIV, prep. To. 



A small horse. 
A horse or mare. 
TIT-B IT, s. A delicate morsel. 



[Tydy Sax. time.] 



Craven. 

Lane. 
Sussex. 

Hants. 

Soon ; 
Craven. 
Craven. 



TITE, adv. 

easily. 
TITTER, adv. Sooner. 
TITTER, or LATTER, phr. Sooner or 

later. Lane. 

To TITER, 9. n. To ride on each end of a 

balanced plank, a children's sport. Norf. 
Called also '* Titter cum Totter.'* 
TITTER- WORM,*. [Teter, Sax. tetter.] 

A {collection of minute pimples on the 

skin. Norf, 

TITTER, *. A pimple. Norf, 

To TITTER-GAIT-IN, v. [fogo in sooner.] 

^ Tb have the start in a race, or the Hist 

word in an argument. Craven. 

TITS. TITTIES, s, [Tit, Sax.] Teats. Norf. 
To TITTLE, V. a. [Tittillare, Lat.] 

To tickle. K Sussex. Norf. 

TITTLE-MY-FANCY, s. Pansies ; heart's 

ease, Norf, 



TITTY, adj. [Tit, Teut. a point or dot.] 
Very small ; 'Mittletiitjp," is sometimes 

Norf. Sussex, Hants. 
Norf. 
[Titw, Welch, a cat.] 

Craren* 
NoHh. 
TIVJBR,'*. [Teafor, Ang Sax.] A composi- 
tion, of which tar is the principal ingre- 
dient, used to colour and preserve boards 
exposed to the weather. ^ Norf. 

Red ochre, used for marking sheep, and - 
also mixed with tar for the purpose 
above mentioned. Hants. 

TIZEDAY, s. [Thisa, the wife of Thor ; 
Wednesday is Woden's Day ; Thursday 
isThor's Day ; Friday, Frea's Day ; Tues- 
day, Thisa's Day; Thize, Tize Day.] 
Tuesday. Lane. 

TO, pron. Tliou. Lane. 

TOAD'S CAP, s. A species of fungus. 

Norf. 
Toad's stool. Hants. Sussex, 

TOAD-IN-THE-nOLE, «, A kind of meat 
pie made in a batter, instead of common 
paste. fT. Sussex. 

To TOD, r. a. To tooth sickles. North. 
TO-A-TREE, phr, [Two and Three, or two 
or three.] A few. A gay to-a-three 
means many. Craven. 

TOCHER, s, A tether. You cannot go be- 
yond your Tocher. Norf. 
TOD, f. [Totte haar, Teut. Penning. 
whence Tod, a brush or thick shade.] 
The head of a pollard tree. Norf. 
TOD, s. Twenty-eight pounds weight; of 
wool in Norf. and Hants; thirty-two 
pounds in fV, Sussex. 
TO-DO, s. A bustle or stir, as there was a 
grand To-do. Norf. Som. Hants. Sussex, 
TOFT, s. [Toftum, Lat] A messuai?e, or 
more properly, a piece of ground, on 
which a messuage formerly stood. Kent. 
To TOLE, V. a. To tempt ; to coax. Norf. 
T^oTOLE, V, a. To draw by degrees. 

Fenninff, 
To TOLL, e, a. To entice ; to allure. 

Somerset. 
To TOLL, V. a. To draw ; to tow. HanU, 
'* Good sauce tolls down the meat" they 
say in Norfolk. "One leg of mutton 
tolls down another," they say in Hamp- 
shire. (Is it a corruption of to Tow, 
to draw with a rope ?) 
To TOLERATE, e. n. To domineer; to 
tyrannize. Norf, 

TOLL-NOOK, s. A corner of the market 
place, where toll used to be taken. North. 
TOME, s. [See Taum.] A hair-line for 
fishing. Cumb. 

7b TOME, V, n. To faint away. [Tomber, 
Fr.] North. 

TOM-NODDY, s. [Naudin, Norm. Fr. Cra- 
ven Dialect, A fool.] A Tom- fool. 
TOMMY, s, A small spade to excavate the 
narrow bottoms of under drains. 

North. 



176 



TOM. 



TOP. 



TO-MONTH, adv. Thte month. To-moiith, 
to- year aw uied in the same lense as to- 
day. Line, 

TOM-POKGR, «. [Puck, Puke, Germ, a 
spectre.] The great bug*bear of naughty 
children, who inhabits all dark places. 

Narf. 

TOM-TIT, «. That pretty bird, the titmouse, 
also the wren. Norf* 

The titmouse. S^ff» HanU, Sussex, 

(Most probably from Tit, small.) 

TOM, TOMMY, s. A plough with a double 
breast to clear oat furrows. Norf. 

TONE. The one. NoHh. 

TONGUE-WHALED, iNirt. fXM. [Walan, 
Sai. to weal.] Severely scolded. North* 

TONGUES, t. Small soles, so called from 
their shape. Norf. Suuex. 

In East Sussei they are also called Slips. 

To TONGUE-BANG, v. a. To scold hear- 
tily. Hants, Sussex, 

TOOAD, «. A toad. Lane, 

TOOAT, s. [See Tod.] A tuft of grass, 
hair, &c. Lane, 

TOOLY. adj. Tender; sickly. Hants. Grose, 

To TOOM,v. a, ;[Tommer, Dan. to draw 
out.] To empty. Craven. 

We'll ** toom" the cup to friencUhip*s growth, 
And Attkl JLanf Syne. Buam. 

TOON, adv. Too. Norf, 

To TOOPLE, V, fi. [Topple.] To stagger; 

to fall. Lane. 

TOOR, s. The toe. Somerset. 

To TOORCAN, r. n. To wonder or muse 

on what one means to do. North, 

[To o'er-con or scan over.] 

TOOSE, pron. Those Lane. 

TOO-TO. An expression used to signify a 

a thing is yery excellent ; that is too>too 

good. Lane. 

To TOOT, V. n, [To it.] To apply. Craven. 

TOOTHSOME, ai</. Palatable. Norf 

TOOTHY, adj. Peevish ; crabbed. South. 

[See Teethy.] 

TOPPINGS, «. The second skimming of 

milk. Norf 

TOP.LATCH,*. The thong by which the 

sails of the horse-collar are tied together. 

Norf, 
TOP-O WER-TAIL, phr, Topsy lurvy. 

Craven, 

TOPPER, aty. Clever, excellent. DUto, 

TOPPER, s. An extraordinary person or 

thing, often used ironically. Craven, 

7\7 TOP-UP, v,a. To finish-off, as fatting 

bullocks. Notf, Qrose, 

To finish the loading of a wagon with com 

or hay. Hants. 

To ' Top-up a mow' is to fill it to the 

top. Hants, 

Topping-pot was an allowance of beer 

given in harvest time, when a mow was 

filled to the very top. Hants, 

To TOPPLE, V. n. To tumble ; to mount 

heels ovec^head. Beasts and sheep are 



said to " tipple over," if they sell when 
fattened for double their first cost. 

Hants, 
'^ To mount over head*' has the same 
meaning in Sussex. 

TOPPLER, s. A tumbler ; an antic. Norf, 

TOP-SAW Y ER, 8, A leading person in any 
business. E, Sussex, 

TOPSMAN, s. The principal under bailiff. 

Craven, 

TOR,ff. [Sax.] A high rock. North. 

To TORFILL, v, n, [Torfian. Ang. Sax. to 

shoot a dart.] To die. Craven, 

To decline in health. North, 

TORY.RORY,aJt). In a wild manner. Lane. 

TORE, s. The long old grass which remains 
in pasture during the winter. [Being 
rough ; torn unevenly.] Hants, Sues. 

TOSTY, f . [See TeestyTosty. j Somerset. 

TOSS, « The mow or bay of a bam into 
which the corn is put, preparatory to ita 
being thrashed. E. Sussex. 

TOSSICATED, part, pass. Perplexed; 
that is tossed about by a variety of opi- 
nions ; or, perhaps, intoxicated. Craven* 

TOSH, s, A tusk ; a long-crooked tooth. 

Norf. 

TOSH-NAIL, s, A nail driven in aslant or 
crookedly so as to resemble a Tosh or 
Tusk. Norf, 

TOTE, s. [Totus. Lat. all.] The whole. 
^ The whole Tote. Craven. Somerset, 

Sussex, Hants, 

TOT,«. [See Tod.] A tuft of grass. 

£. Sussex, 

To TOTTLE, v. n. To totter ; to walk in a 

feeble nsanner as a child does. ^Somerset, 

To walk gently. Craven. 

TOTTLE, adJ, Idle; slow. Lanei* 

TOTTY, TOTTY-HEADED, adj, Diwy, 
particularly from the effect of^ too much 
drink. Norf. 

rOUDKN, s. The old one. Craven. 

To TOUGHT, V. a. [Tight, See TnughtJ 
To set fast; to tighten. Norf. 

TOUGH Y, s. A coarse sweetmeat com- 
posed of brown sugar and treacle, named 
from its toughness. Norf. 

TOUSE,«. A blow on some part of the 
bead. Somerset, ' 

TOUT, pret of to teach. Taught. Craven. 

ToTOUT, 9. a. [Scotch.] To invite; to 

persuade ; to ask a person repeatedly 

for his custom. E, Sussex. Kent. 

TOUTER, 8, A person employed by fnn- 
keepers to invite customers to their 
houses ; practised very much among the 
passengers of packets both at Dover and 
Calais. 

TON, 8. [Ourner, Fr« to town.] A spin- 
ning-wheel. Exmoor, 

TO VET, s, A measure of four gallons. 

BaOey, 
" Tobit." Kent. 

TOVIL, s, A peck or two gallons. Uitlo. 

TOW, s, [Tawa, Ang. Sal. implements.] 



TOW. 



TRA. 



177 



necenary tools or apparatus for any pur- 
pose, fiorf. 

TOW D, prH, of to Tell ; told. Lemc. 

TOWGH£R, «. ITocher, ScJ A dower 
or dowry. Cumb, 

TOWLY, #. [Touaille, Fr.] A loweU Norf, 

TOWN-PLACE, «. A farm-yard. Comto. 

TOWPIN, i. A pin belonging to a cart. 

Gro$e. 

TOWSER, 9, A coarse apron worn by inaid- 
serrants, when at work. Devon. 

TOYLE-ZOAK, t. [Tail-Soak.] A dis- 
order in a cow's tail. fFec/. 

To TOZE, V, a. To pull apart wool, &c. 

Exmoor, 

TRADE, t, (Trado, Lat. to imprint.] A 
rat. A wheel-trade. S, Suitex. 

TRADE, ff. Line of conduct ; practice ; habit ; 
custom. ''If this is to be the trade," that is, 
the way of doing business, &c. Noff, 8ut, 
Household goods ; lumber. E, Sustex. 

TRAFFIC, «. The quantum of travelling on 
a road ; as, '< Is there much traffic on that 
road ?*' Norf. Suuex, 

To TRAFFIC, o. «. To be frequented or 
travelled on ; applied to a road. Norf 

TRAMP, «. [Trampe, Dan. to trample.] 

A walk ; a Journey. Somerset. Hants. 

** To set out upon the Tramp,** is to go a 

journey on foot. Hants. Sussex, 

A beggar ; a vagrant. Ditto, 

To TRAMPy V. n. To travel. Craven. 

TRAMMEL, «. An iron instrument in the 
chimney for hanging pots and, kettles 
over the fire. Grose. 

TRAFFINO-DISH, s. [A bowl, through 
which milk is strained into the tray, in 
which it is set to raise cream. Norf. 

To TRAIli, V. n. [Traho, Lat. Trailler,Fr. to 
draw.] To loiter ; to drag after. North. 

To TRAIL, V. a. To carry hay or com. Line. 

To TRANSMOGRIFY, v. a. To metamor- 
phose. Craven. Sussex. Hants. 

TRANTY, adj. Wise and forward above 
their age ; spoken of children. Cfrose. 

To TRAPE, v.n. fTraho, Lat. — ^Drup, Isl. to 
dribble.] To trail; to drag along the 
gown ; as, ** Her gown trapes along tlie 
floor." Norf. E.Sussex. 

To TRAPES, v. fi« To go to and fro in the 
dirt. Somerset. 

To TUAPES-ABOUT, v. n. To run about 
in a lazy and slovenly manner. B. Sussex. 

TARPES, s* An idle, lounging person ; a 
slattern. CroMn. Somerset. E. Sussex. 

TRAPS^ s. Goods ; household stuff ; gener- 
ally said of the furniture of the poor. 

B» Sussex. 

To TRASH, V. fi. To tramp about with 
fatigue. Craren. 

TRASH, t. [Tros, Isl. dross.] Unripe fruit; 

An overworn shoe. North, 

Sweet«meats; singerbread and all such 

things as are nought at shops, and eaten 

by children ; also any thing worthless. 

Hants. Sussex. 



\Driddlin8,Sc. 
TRATTLES, s. Norf /Oripan, Sax. 

TREDDLES, s. Suss. Hants. > to drip. 
TRIDDLINS, s. Craven. i Dripping; 

J Dribbling. 
The small pellets of the dung of sheep, 
hares or rabbits. 
TR A VERSE, «. A smith's shoeing shed. 

Norf 

A sort of pound in which a 'troublesome 

horse is put for the purpose of being 

shod. Sussex. Hants. 

TRAUNCE» «. [Transitu s, Lat. a passing or 

passage.] A tedious jouiney. Lane. 

TREAT, a4f. Peevish; frowaidw South. 

TREACLE-BUTTER-CAKE, s. Bread, 

spread over with butter and Treacle. 

Lane. 
TREEN-WARE, s. Earthen vessels. Grose. 

(Terrene ? ^ Terra, Lat. earth.) 
TRENCHER-MAN, s. A feeder or eater. 
** A good Trenclierman'^jis a hearty feeder. 

Norf Sussex, Hants. 

(Trencher was a wooden p1ate» formerly 

used in cottages and fifirm houses.) 

TRENNLE, «. [Tree-nail.] A stout wooden 

pin driven though the outer planks of a 

ship's side, to fosten them to the ribs. 

Sussex. Hants. 
TREST,«. [Tr^tle.] A strong large stool. 

Lane, 
TblTRICKLE, TRITTLE, v. a. [To Trickle, 
to run down in streams or drops.] 
To bowl or roll ; as, '* Trickle me an orange 
across the table." Norf 

TRICKLE. BED. s. [A truckle bed/ made 
to run on castors, for the purpose former- 
ly of being put under a higher bed ; the 
master sleeping above, the servant below. 

Notf, 
TRICKY, a<</. Mischievoui; artful. Norf. 

Sussex. 
To TRICULATE, v. a. [Trica. Low, Lat. 
A knot of hair; whence to trick out, to 
adorn.] To adorn ; a word used by ma- 
sons to signify that they have put the 
last finishing stroke to a work. Norf. 

To TRIG, r. a. [Tricken, Dan.] To put 
something beneath a wheel to stop it. 

Hants. 
To fill the belly. [Trig, Ang. Sax. belly.] 

North. 

To TRIG, V. fi. [To trip.] To trot gently ; 

to trip, as a child does after its nurse. 

Norf. 
TRIG-HALL, *. A hospitable house. Grose. 
TRIP of SHEEP, phr. A small flock. Grose. 
To TRIM, r. a. [To lace ; to hide ; to lea- 
ther, have the same meaning as to trim ; 
that is to give an ootside.dressing.]To beat, 
to drub. Craven, Hants. Somerset. Suss. 
TRIP, f. [To Trip is to move softly, imply- 
ing the doing it in a slight way*] 
A small cheese, made in summer, to be 
eaten in its soft and curdy state, or it 
soon becomes uneatable. Norf, 



178 



TRl. 



TRO. 



TRIP-SKIN, 8, A piece of leather worn on 
the right hand side of the petticoat, by 
spinners* tvith the rock, on which the 
spindle plays, and the yarn is pressed by 
the hand of the spinner. Norf» 

The skinny part of roasted meat, which, 
before the whole can be dressed, be- 
comes tough and dry. Norf. 

TRINDLE, s. [Trendel, Sax. a bowl] The 
felloes of a wheelbarrow wheel. Lane, 

TROANT, *. [Monosyll.] Truwant, Belg. a 
truant. Norf, 

To TROANT, r. a. To play truant. Norf, 

To TROLL, r. a. ITrollen, Belg.] To roll ; 
to troll a hoop, is to make it roll forward 
by striking it with a stick. Hants. 

TR0LU6BER, s, A husbandman; a day 
labourer. Exmoor, 

TROLLIBAGS, ». [Trulla, Ital. Trull, a low, 
dirty prostitute.] Tripe ; cumber. 
The intestines. Norf, 

TROLLOPS, s. A nasty, dirty, woman. 

Craven. Hants* Sussex. 

TROLLOPISH, adj. Dirty p6Uhy ; gene- 
rally applied (o a woman. Sussex. 

TRONES, s. Penning has Tronage, the act 
J of weighing wool in a public market ; and 
Tronator, an officer appointed to weigh 
all the wool brought into the city of Lon- 
don. [Trona, Lat. a goldsmith's scales ; 
also, Troy weight. Jacob's Law DictiO' 
nary.'] 
A steelyard. Craven. 

TROT, s. [Trot, Germ, an old woman.] A 
contemptuous name for an infirm old 
woman. Craven. 

TROTTERS, ». Curds, &c. North. Bailey. 

TROUBLE, s. A woman's travail. No^. 

To TROUNCE, v, a. To beat with heavy 
blows. Norf. Sussex, Hants. 

TROUNCE-HOLE. «. A game at ball re- 
sembling trap, but having a hole in the 
ground, for the trap, a flat piece ofj[bone 
for a trigger, and a cudgel for a bat. Norf. 

TROUSING, s. The act of trimming up a 
fagot or a hedge. fVarw. 

[Trousser, Fr. to truss.] 

TRUB. s. A slut. Exm. 

TRUBAGULLY, s. A short, dirty, ra^ed 
fellow, accustomed to perform the most 
menial offices? Somerset, 

TRUCK, s. A low carriage on four wheels, 
used to carry heavy goods on. E, Sussex. 

To TRUCKLE, v.a. and n. To roll. Somerset. 

TRUCKLE, 8. A globular or circular piece 

of wood or iron, placed under another 

body, so as to be enabled to move it 

readily from place to place. Somerset, 

[Truckle, a little running wheel.] Penning. 

TRUE-PENNY s. Old True-penny. A hearty 
old fellow, one who is true to his pro- 
mise. Norf. 

TRUG. s. [Trog, Sax. a trough.] A milk 

tray. Stusex, according to Bailey. 

A strong basket, made of split wood, to 

carry stones &c., in. E. Sussex, 



To TRULL, V, a, [Trollen, Belg. to troll.] 
To bowl^with a cricket ball ; to trundle. 

Kent. E, Sussex, 
TRUNCH, TRUNCH-MADE, ad^. Trun- 
cheon, a short thick staff. [Truncus, Lat. 
the trunk of a tree.] Short and thick ; 
compactly made. Norf. 

TRUNK-WAY, s. [Trunk of a tiee, that 
having been formerly used for the pur- 
po.se] 

A brick-arch, turned over a ditch, to make 

at once a road over, and a drain for 

water under it. Norf. 

TRUNK, s. An under-ground drain. 

To TRUNK, v.a. To under-drain land. B.Sus. 

TRUNNEL, s. [Trendel, Sax. a bowl.] A 

wheel. Craven. 

TRUTHY, adi. Faithful in plighted troth. 

Norf. 

To TRY, V, a. How do you try ? How do 

you do ? fFest. 

To m.elt down by fire for the purpose of 

purifying ; usually applied to melting the 

suet of hogs or other animals. Notf. 

TUBBER, *. [Tubbe, Belg. a tub— as 

cooper comes from^Kuype, Belg. acoop, 

a vessel for keeping liquor.] 

A cooper. Craven, 

TUCK, s .[Tuck,Germ. cloth,woollen-€lotb.] 

A cloth worn by children to keep their 

clothes clean ; a pinafore. Hants, 

Stomach ,* appetite ; as, *' He has a pretty 

good Tuck of his own,'* means that a 

man is a great eater. Hants, Sussex. 

7b TUCK-IN, v,a. [A Tuck, according to 

Penning, is a kind of net with a narrow 

mesh, and a large bunt in the middle, and 

may be used ironically for stomach.] 

To eat voraciously. Sussex, \H ants. 

TUCKING, s, A satchel or bag used to carry 

beans in when setting them. Glouc. 

TUG, s. [Teogan, Saix. to pull hard.] A 

carriage with four wheels for conveying 

timber'on. E. Sussex, Kent. 

In Hampshire, the same vehicle is called a 

tim ber-carriage. 

TULLY, s. [Tulye, Sc. a quarrel. Crav. 

Dial. May it not be from Tol, Sax. a 

tool, which is used Iq imply a mean 

fellow ?] 

A little wretch. Craven. 

TULL. prep. [Til, Sax. till.] To. DUto. 

TULLT. pbr. To it. Ditto. 

TO TUM. >• a. [See Toom.] To pour out. 

To separate or card wool. Craven. 

TUMULS, s. plu. [Tumulus, Lat. a heap.] 

Heaps ; as Tumuls of money. Comw. 

TUMME, plu. To me. Craven. 

TUMBLER, s, [Tumbrel. Penning says it 

a dung cart, and he derives it from Tom- 

bereau, Fr. which is clearly from Tom- 

ber, to fall or tumble.] 

A tumbril or dung cart, which is so made 

that the fore part may be raised to allow 

the manure to tumble out behind. 

No9'f. Suff. 



TUN. 



TWI. 



179 



TUN. s, [Tunne, Sax. a large hollow cask, 
whence comes tunnel, the passage for 
smoke in a chimney.] A chimney. Som, 

TUNDEU, s. [Tyndre, Sax. In Welch the 
y is often prononnced as u.] Tinder. Norf, 

TUNMERE, $, [Tune, Sax. town ; MaDra, 

the end ,* so says Forby ; but may not Mere 

be from Merus, Lat. mere, entire ? 

The line of procession in treading the 

bounds of a parish. iVo?/. 

TUNNEGAR, s. A tunnel or funnel. Som, 

TUNNEL, s. [See Tun.] A drain or arch, 

Craven. 

TUNNEL-DRAIN, s, A round under-ground 
passage fo r water, bu i It of brick . £. Suss, 

TV P. 8. [Tulpe, Belg.] To strike or push ; 
thus. Penning has to trip, to butt as a 
ram. A ram. Norf, Suff, Yorks. 

TURF, s. Peat, cut into pieces and dried 
for fuel. Somerset, Norf, 

TURMIT, 8, A turnip. Somerset. Hants, 

Craven, 

TURNEY, 8. [Toum, [the sheriff's court, 
be taking a turn through the county.] 
An Attorney. Somerset, 

TUSDOON, Thou hast done. Craven, 

TUSH, «. [Tusk.] The wing of a plough, 
share. Glouc. 

TUSSEY, s, A low drunken person 

TUSSOCK, s, [Can it be corrupted from 
Hassock.?] A thick tuft of coarse grass 
in corn fields.' Norf, 

TUT-SUB A hassock. Somerset. 

TUT-WORK, s. [Tote, Total.] Work done 
by the piece is called Great-work in East 
Sussex.] Work done by the piece or 
contract. 

TUTTER, f. Trouble. " What a Tutter he 
make of it." Norf. 

TUTTY, s. A flower; a nosegay. Somerset, 

TURN-OVER, 8. A kind of apple-pie made 
in this way — a piece of paste is rolled 
out, round pieces of apple are stuck into 
it and then it is folded in the middle 
and turned over, whence its name, 
forming a semicircle instead of a circle. 

E, Sussex. 

TURN-STRING, s. A string made of t w isted 
gut, much used in spinning. Somerset. 

TUTHE RMy' } '"*^"* ^^® °^**®"- ^'^' 
TUTCH, 8. A comical trick. Lane. 

TUTTLE, 8. An awkward person in shape, 
humour, &c. Lntic. 

TWAA, aijy. [Twa, Sax.] Two. Craven. 
To TW AM, V, n. To swoon. [See to Tome.] 

North. 

To TWANK, V. a, [Twang, from the sound.] 

To let fall the carpenter's chalk line, which 

makes a smart slap on the board Norf, 

To give a smart slap with the flat of the 

luind on the breech, or any other fleshy 

part. Norf. 

Tb TWATTLE, v. n, [Schwatzen, Teut.] 

To prate. North* 



TbTWiCK, V, a. [Twaerkeu, Teut. to 
tweak.] To twist or jerk suddenly. 

Somerset, 
TWICK,'*. A sudden twistor jerk. 8omer«e/. 
TWIDDLE, 8, A small pimple. Norf, 

To TWIDDLE, v, n. To be busy, and be- 
stow seeming pains about the merest 
trifles. Norf, Sussex, 

To TWIDDLE, v. a. To pull or turn a 
thing about very busily, but to little 
good purpose. Sussex, 

Twaddle (See T wattle) means idle, 
empty, prating or writing. Sussex. 

To TWIG, V. a, [Edwitan, Sax. to twist.] 
To give somewhat sharp, but not angry, 
reproof. Norf, 

To TWIG, V. a, [Twig, a small branch.] 
To give such a slight conection as a 
twig would inflict. Norf, 

To TWIG, V, a, [Bird's being caught with 
limed Twigs.] To observe a person who 
is^doing something slily ; as, " I twigged 
you talking to him." E, Sussex. 

TWIL, prep. [To and While— to the time.] 
Until. Norf. 

TWIL, 8, A quill : a reel to wind yarn on. 

Nortfi. 
A sort of coarse linen cloth, of which 
loose frocks, trowsers, &c.,are made for 
working men. Norf. 

TWILT, s, A quilt. North. Norf. 

To TWILT, V. a. To quilt ; to beat. Norf. 
To TWILTER, ^v. a. To spin thread un- 
evenly. North, 
TWILY, flkiy. Restless; wearisome. Som. 
TWINDLES,f. Twins. Lane. 
TWWY, adj. [Whine.] Fretful; uneasy. 

Craven. 
TWINY, adj. [To Twine.] Twisting. 

Craven, 
ToTWINNY, t). a. To rob a cask of liquor 

before it is tapped. 
TWINTER, 8. [Two winters.] A two- 
year old beast. North. 
TWITCH-BELL, s. An earwig. North. 
TWIRIPE, aiij. Imperfectly ripe. Somerset. 
(Twilight, is 'tween light and dark; Twi- 
ripe, 'tween ripe and crude.) 
TWIRL-POO, 8. A whirl-pool. Lane. 
TWIT, 8. [Edwitan, Sax. to reproach.] 

Snappishness ; a fit of ill-humour. Norf. 

To TWIT, V, a. To reproach ; to lemind a 

person frequently of some old grievance 

or fault. E. Sussex. 

TWIT, *. An acute angle. Craven. 

TWIT, s. Anything entangled. Craven. 

TWITCH-GRASS, #. Trilicum repens; a 

sour kind of grass infesting arable fields. 

Noif. Sussex, 

To TWITTER, v, n. [Titteren, Teut.] 

To tremble. NoHh. 

"To be all in a Twitter," is to be very 

much agitated. Sussex. Hants. 

'*To be within a Twitter," is to be within 

a little. Lane, 

TWITrER,a(i/. Uneasy. Craven. 



180 



TWI. 



UND. 



TWUTBR-BONE, 8, An excrescence on a 

/ . borie*8 hoof, in conieqaence of a con- 
traction. Craven* 

TWITTY, ot^. [See Twit.] Cross j snap- 
pish. Norf, 

To TWIZZLE, r. a. [To Twist. J To turn 
a thing round and round between the fin- 
gers, qoiclclyand repeatedly. Norf, 

7b TWIZZLE, V. n. *< He came Twizzline 
down.'* Norfn 

TWO-MEAL-CIIEESE, t. Cheese made 
of equal quantities of skimmed and new 
milky that is, having two meals of milk in 
it. [See Meal.J Glouc. 

TWY, atif. Twice. North. 

TVE, 8. A feather bed. Devonshire, 

(Can it have been corrupted from Ticken 
the covering of a feather bed ?) 

TY-TOP,*. A garland. North. 

TYE, 8, An extensive common pasture. 
(Teag, Sax. tigh, a common.) 8t^. 

A close or inclosure, still used in Kent. 

Jacob's Law Dictionary, 

TYKE, 8. A cur, or any vile and worthless 
dog ; a word of contempt. Norf. 

TYPE,». [To Tip.] 
A lever, used as a., mouse* trap. Craven, 

To TYPE-OWR, V. n. To fall over ; to 
die. Craven. 



U. 



UDDZLUD, ?»</• 'IDiminutive oaths from 
UDDZO, SGod*s blood, and God's 

) wounds. Lane, 

UM, pron. Them Lane. 

UMBER, 8. Number. Exmoor, 

VMSrmD, adj. Astride. North. BaUey. 
UNCOME, part, pan. Not come. Craven. 
UNCOTH, adj. [Uncuth, Ang. Sax.] 
Strange; unknown. Craoen, 

To take uncolh, is to feel stange and un- 
comfortable. Craven. 
UNCOTH3, «. News, that is something 
strange. North. 
UNDENIABLE, adj. Unexcfsptionable ; 
with which no fault can be found. Notf. 

E. Sussex. 
UNDER.BACK, s. [Under, and Backe, Isl. 
a floor.] A large open vessel in a brew- 
house, which Is placed under the mash- 
tun. Sussex. 
The broad shallow vessels in which the 
beer is put to cool are called Backs ; 
then there is the Upper-Back, and the 
Hop-Back. In London there are Back- 

UNDERBREET, s. A bright light appear- 
ing under the clouds at the horizon. Cra. 

UNDER-BUTTER, ». The butter made of 
the second skimmings of milk. Suff. 

UNDER-DECK. s. The low, broad, tub, 
into which the wort runs from the mash 
tub. Norf, 

To UNDERGRUB. v. a. To undermine. 

Norf. 



I UNDER-DRAWING, #. A ceiling. Craven 
UNDER-GRUP, s. [Under, and Giip, Sax. a 
dish] An under drain. Norf. 

UKDER-NEAN, prep. Underneath. Norf. 
To UNC ALLOW, v. a. To remove the 
upper stratum of earth in order to come 
to the bed of gravel, chalk, or other sub- 
stance. Norf. 
UN, prep. Him. It. Hants* 
UNBEER, aif. [Un, and Bear, unable to 
bear much.] Impatient. North. Bailey. 
UNBAN E, adj. [Un, Bane, Belg. a way.] 

Inconvenient. Craven, 

UNDERLOUT, s. A drudge in an inferior 
capacity. North. 

UNDERN,«. Afternoon. North, 

UNEATHILY, aJj. Unwieldy. Norf. 

To UNEMPT, V. a. To empty ; to unload a 
cart. fTt^. 

UNFACEABLE, adj. Unreasonable; in- 
defensible ; such as no one would have 
the face to defend. Norfm 

ToVSYKST, V. a.]UnfastenF— oest. Sax. 
fast.] To untie. North. 

UNGAIN,a((/. Inconvenient; intractable. 
[Ongean, Ang. Sax. contrary.] Norf. 

Round-about; indirect. Craven. 

(Why not from Un, contrary to, and Gain, 
profit ; being some way in which a thing 
is done unprofiiably ?*' 
UNGEARED, part, pass. Unharnessed. 

Craven, 
UNGONE, part, pass. Not gone. DUte. 

UNHEPPEN, adj. Unbecoming ; indecent ; 
uncomfortable; untidy. Craven. 

UNKARD, oii/. Awkward. North. 

UNKED, aty. ) Lonely. Grose. 

UNKET,UNKED, ) Dreary ; dismal. Som. 
Melancholy. Oxford. 

Wretchedly bad ; uncomfortable. Bucks. 
UNKEMMED, ixxrl. pass. [Coembau* Sax. 
to comb.] Uncombed. Craven. 

UNKNOWN, adj. Unostentatious; as an 
unknown man is one, who does good 
secretly. North. 

UNLEAD, or UNLEAD, s. A reptile; a 
venomous creature, as a toad, &c, 
A sly, wicked man, who creeps about do- 
ing mischief. Grose. 
UNUCKED, part. pass. Unpolished; as 
an^unlicked cob," is a raw, unpolished 
youth. This word is probably borrowed 
from the old saying, toat a bear's cub at 
its birth is a shapeless mass, until the 
mother has licked it into shape. York, 

Sussex, Hants, 

T'oUNRAY, V. a. [To undress; from Un, 

and Array, dress, attire.] Somerset. 

UNRID, adj, [Perhaps Un rayed; unattired.] 

Untidy; disorderly: filthy. Craven. 

To UNSCRIFF, v, a. To put in mind off. 

North. 

UNSENSED, part, pass. Stunned, as by a 

blow or fall, and of course rendered for 

the time void of sense. 

Stupified, as b^ excess of drink. 

Insane. North, 



UNS. 



UPS. 



181 



7b UNSNECK, r. a. [SeeSneck.] To an- 

laich. Craven. 

To UNTANG, v. a. [Un, and Tang, Sax. 

a twig j whence Tangle and Entangle, 

acconling to Fenning.'] To uniie. 

Somersrt. 
TVi UNTH AW, w. a. To thaw. fVUis. 

To UP, 9. n« To arise. Somenet, 

Let 08 ap and be doing* Bible, 

UP-A-DAY, V. Mtp. m. A fondling expres- 
sion of a nurse to a child, when she 
takes it up in her arms, or lifls it over 
any obstacle. (See Forhy*) Norf. 

UPAZET, adv. In perfection. Sxmoor, 
To UPBRADE, v. n. To rise on the sto» 
mach, as food which does not agree, and 
^herefore may be said to quarrel, to scold 
or upbraid one for eating it. Craven. 

UPDAALS, adt. Up the valley or dale. 

Craven, 
To UPHODTO, phr, [To uphold you.] 

To assure you. Lane, Craven, 

To UPHOWD, t>. 0. To maintain. Lane. 
UPLAND* 8. Higher and drier ground, as 
distinguished from fen-land. ^ Norf. 

An upland farm is a farm on high ground, 
compared to marsh land. E, Suss, Kent, 
UPLANDER, UPLAND.MAN, s. An in- 
habitant of the^ Uplands. Norf, 
UPMET and DOUN-TIIROSTEN, ^r* 
[Up-meted, or measured up full and high, 
and thrust or pressed down close.] Good 
measure ; also entirely. Craven, 
To UPPER-HAND, v. a. To apprehend ; 
to take, as a constable does a thief, when 
the former certainly has the upperhand 
of the other. Norf, 
To UPPER-HATCH, v. c. [Upper, and to 
Hatch| to bring forth ; to contrive or pro- 
ject.] To understand ; to comprehend. 

Norf, 

UPPERLET, i. [Epaulette, Fr. a shoulder 

piece.] A shoulder knot. Norf, 

UPPER'STORY, s, Theibrain ; it is said of 

a weak person, that his Upper-Story is 

badly furnished. Norf, Hants, Sussex, 

UPPING-BLOCK, t. A horse-block, from 

which persons mount upon their horses. 

Somerset, Hants, 

UPPISH, ai(;. Proud without cause. Norf, 

Pettish ; out of temper, said of a person 

' ^hosa choleris soon up. B, Sussex, 

UP-SITTING, t. The time when a woman 

first sits up after her confinement. York, 

Exmoor, 
To URLE. V. n. To look sickly ; to draw 
one's self together, as when cold. 
To be '< Urled," is to be stinted in growth. 

North, 

URUNG,t. A litt1e,dwarfish, person. NoHh, 

URLY, a4/. Chilly. North. 

UPSIDES, adv. On an equal or superior 

footing. 

" To be upsides with a person," is to do 

something that shall be equivalent or 

superior to wliat he .has done to us. 



Literally, 1 suppose, to overtake aad 

come alongside of another. Somerset. 

UPSTART, s, A deep impression made by 

a horse's foot in clayey ground, which 

holds water, and into which, if another 

horse steps, the water .starts up and wets 

the rider. Norf. 

UPWAXtN, part. pass. [Wexan, Sax. to 

increase.] 

Grown up to manhood. Craven, 

URCHIN,*. [Heuerchin,Arm.' 

A hedgehog. North. 

URE, s. An udder. North. BaUey. 

URGEFUL, adj. Urgent; importunate; 

teasing. Norf. 

URVEU, iu(/. [UAir, Goth, over.] Upper. 

Craioen, 

UTCHY, pron. L [Ich, Sax. Ich, Dien. 1 

serve. The Frinee of fVales's motto.} 

V. 

ToVAG, v.a. To thwack or whip with a 
rod. To Fag. fTest, 

YAGE, Y aZE, s, a vojrage ; more common- 
ly applied to the distance employed to 
increase the intensity of motion or action 
from a given point. Somerset, 

YALIOO&L «. Yalue ; size. iCraven, 

VALLOR,V ALLOW, «. [Yal, Fr.'a vale.] 
A hollow mould, in which a cheese is 

Eressed ; called also a Yate. BaMey, 

LOR, YALLOW, YOLLER, YOU 
LOW, s, A fallow. Hants, 

To VALL OYER A DESK, phr. A cant 
term for having the banns published in 
the church. /Vestm 

Y ALOUR, s. [Yalor, LaU value.] Yalue ; 
amount. /Vbr/. 

To Y ALOUR, V. a. To esteem. Ditto. 

To YAMPER, v.n. To Yapour. Crasfen. 
YAN, s, A machine for winnowing com. 
(To fan, to winnow.) HanU, CUoue. 

To YANG, 9. 0. [Yangen. Belg. to seise.] 
To receive; to earn. Sotnerset, 

To take ; to undertake for, as god-father's 
for children. Somerset. Basley, 

YARDITE, s, A verdict. Craven. 

YARE, s. A species of weasel. SotnerseL 
To YARB» V. n. To bring forth young, ap- 
plied to pigs and some other animals. 

Somerset. 
In Hampshire they say, to Yarrow, being a 
corruption of Farrow, P being cbanired 
into V. 

YARMINT, s. Yermin. Somerset, Lane. 
Y A RR A- WEEL, adv. [ Yiai, Fr. True, Wea- 

Ian, Sax. to ba well,] Yery well. North. 
YAST, s. A deal; a very large qoaotitv; 

as, '•,We have bad a Yast of rain." Crav. 

Norf. S.i8usse». 
YAUNCE-ROOF, «. ThegarreU Suf. 
YAUGHT, part. pass. (To Catch, makes 

Caught— why not Fetch, Faught > F 

changed to Y makes Yaught.) Fetched. 

*' Yar vaught and dear a-bought." Som, 



182 



VAW. 



VJP. 



VAWTH, 8, A bank of dung or earth, pre- 
pared for manure. Sonufrtet. 
To VAY, ». n. [Faire, Fr. to do.] To suc- 
ceed ; to do well. (See to Fay.) Som. 
VAZE, i. To move about a room or bouie, 
so as to agitate the air. SomersH* 
YEAKING, 8, Fietfulness ; peevishsess. 

Exm. 

In Hants, when a little pig utters a cry of 

distress, he is said to be '* weaking 

about," from the sound ; when he does 

it he is fretful. Weaking. is easily 

changed into Veaking. 

VEEf^ «. [Veld, Belg.] A field ; corn land 

uninclosed. Somerset, 

VEELVARE, 8, A fieldfare. DUto. 

VELL. 8. [Vellum from Velin, Fr.] The 

salted stomach of a calf, used for making 

cheese ; a membrane. Somenet. 

A calf s bag or stomach ; rennet. Glouc. 

VELLING, 8, The ploughing of turf to be 

laid in heaps to burn, i fFest, Bailey. 

VENOM, .af(/". Dry; harsh. ff'arwi 

VEO, adj. [Feo, Sax.] Few, little. Somerset. 

VERDI, VERDIT, f. (Verdict.) Opinion. 

Somerset. 

To VINE-DRA, ». a. (Fine-draw.] To flatter 

or deceive people with fine words. West. 

VEREL, 8, A small iron hoop. Craven. 

[Ferrule from Ferrum, Lat. iron.] 
VESSEL, 8. Half a quarter of a sheet of 
writing paper. Norf. 

Forby derives it from Fascio^a, Lat. a little 
strip. He says it is in Todd's Johnson, 
and Pegge. It is not in Penning, 1761 ; 
but I find it in Dyche, and Pardon, 1744. 
VESSEL, 8. [Vas, Lat.] A wooden cask 
to hold fermented liquors; a cask of any 
kifid. Narf. 

A pail or bucket. Essex^ 

To VESSY, v.n. When two or more persons 
read verses alternately, they are said to 
" Vessy.** Somerset. 

VESTER, 8, A pin or wire to point out the 
letters to children, when learning to read ; 
a fescue, from which it is corrupted. 
[Festu, Fr.] Sftmerset. 

VEW, 8. Yew. Craven. 

VIER, 8. [Fewr, Teut.] Fire. Som. Hants. 
This word is pronounced as a dissyllable. 
Jennings says some old writers have 
" Fy-er." From Fire, we make Fiery, 
and why not Fier, Vier ? 
VIEWLY, adj. Handsome ; agreeable to the 
view or sight. Craven. 

VINNY9 ff. A scolding-match ; also a battle, 
bout, or assault. fVest. 

Shakspeare. [Venue, Fr.] Grose. 

VIEW-TREE, f. The yew-tree. Lane. 

VINE, 8. Any trailing fruit-bearing plant 
which runs over the ground, unless sup- 
ported, as cucumbers, melons, &c. Norf, 
VINEROUS, a4f. Hard to please. North. 

BaSey, 
VINNED, adj. (Veined — blue-vinned signi- 
fies, in Hampshire, those thin veins of 



' mould which are seen in decaying cheese.) 

^Mouldy. Somerset. Hants. 

Humoursome; affected. Somerset. 

VIPER'S DANCE,*. St. Vitus' Dance. Nmf. 

VIRGIN'S-GARLAND, s. Garlands made 

of flowers, or of variegated paper, carried 

before the corpse of a young girl, and 

afterwards suspended as a votive offering 

or memorial in the church. Craven dfa- 

led, which see. 

VlST,f. [Vuyst, Belg.] The fist. Hants. Som. 

To VIT, V. a. [ Vitten, Flemish, to fit or make 

fit.] To dress neat. Extn. 

VITTY, adj. Decent, handsome, well. Exm. 

VITTY, aJi/. Properly; aptly. Somerset. 

(Fit, apt, proper.) 
VLANNIN, «. [Gwlanen, Brit] Somerset. 
To VLAUE, V. n. To burn wildly; to flare. 

Somerset. 
VLEER, 8. [Vleye, Belg.] A flea. Somenet. 
VLICK, s. A flick ; a blow with a stick. 

We8t. Grose. 

A sharp touch with the point of the lash 

of a whip. Hants. JV. Sussex. 

VLOTHER, 8. [Flutteran, Sax. to flutter.] 

Incoherent talk ; nonsense. Somerset. 

To be all in a flutter, is to be agitated, not 

knowing what one sajrs or does. Hants. 

Sussex. 

VOCATING, part. act. [Voco, Lat to call] 

Going about from place to place in an 

idle manner. Somerset, 

VOIDER, 8. A kind of open-work basket. 

North. 
To YOKE, V. a, (See to Boke.) To make 
an effort to vomit. Norf. Forby. 

(To Evoke ?) 
VOKEY, acy. Moist. North. 

To VOLLY, V. a. [Volgen, Belg.] To fol- 
low. Somerset. 
VOLLIER, 8. Something which follows. A 
follower. • Somerset, 
To VOOASE, V, a. To force. Somerset. 
VOOATH, adv. [Voord,3eIg.] Forth ; out. 

Somerset. 

VORAD, adv. and adj. Forward. Somerset. 

VORE, adv. Forth. To draw vore; to twit 

one with a fault. Exm. 

VORE-DAYS, adv. Late in the day. DUto. 

VORE-REERT, adv. Forthright ; without 

circumspection. Exm, 

VORE- RIGHT, adj. (Fore-right) Blunt ; 

candidly rude. Somerset. 

VORKED, part. pass. Forked. To draw 

one out by the vorked-end, is to pull him 

out by the heels. fVest. 

VOR'N, pron. [Veor, Belg. for,- Un, him.] 

For him. Somerset, 

VORT or VOART, pret. of Fight. Fought. 

fVett. 

VOUSE, adj. [Vooase, to force.] Strong ; 

nervous; forward. Somerset. 

V REACH, adv. Carefully, diligently, and 

earnestly. (Vest, 

To VUG V. a. To strike with the elbow. 

Somerset. 



VUG. 



WAI. 



183 



VUG, *. A thrast or blow with the elbow 

Somerset, 

VULCH, or FULCH, ». A pushing stroke 

with the fist directed upwards. fVesL 

To VUMP, V, a. To thump. Ditto. 

VUNG, part. patt. (See Vang.) Received. 

H^ett. 
yUR, adv. Far. HanU, Somerset 

VURDER. adv. Farther. Ditto. 

VURDEST, adv. Farthest. DUto. 

VITRDIN, f. (Corruption.) Farthing. Exm. 
VUR-VOOATH, adv. Far-Forth. Som. 
VUR-VORE, atie. Far forth. Exm. 

VUST, adj. [ Veurst, Belg.] First. HanU.Som. 
VUSTIN-FUME, phr. [Vast, Fume.] A 
violent passion. fFest. 

VUSTLED-UP, pari. pass. Wrapped up. 

fVest. 
W. 

VTA, adv. [Oui,Fr.] Yes. Craven. 

^ A A, adj. [Wa, Sax. woe.] Sorry; op- 
pressed with woe. Craven. 
WAASTHEART,' p^. Alail Woe is my 
heart. Craven, 
WAA-WORTH-YE, phr. Woe betide you. 

Crtwen. 

To WABBLE, r. n. To move awkwardly 

and weakly ; to totter, as a top does when 

it has almost done spinning. North. 

Hants. Sussex. 
(If to Waddle can fairly be derived from 
Wha^gelen, Belg. to waggle; why not 
to Wabble ?) 
WABSTER pr WEBSTER, ». [Web.] 

A weaver. North. 

WACKER, «. [Wecken, Belg. to wake.] 

One who is easily awakened. Lane. 

WACRENED, part. pass. Awakened. Lane. 
WADjOUx.v. Would. Cra»en. 

WAD,». [Wad, Ang. Sax.] Woad. Norf. 
WAD, 8. [Weod, Sax. a bundle.] A 
bundle of peas halm, when cut, previous 
to being carried into the bam. Hants. 
WAD, s. Black-lead ; also a neighbourhood, 
as such and such places lie in the same 
Wad. Cumb. 

WADHA, V. Would have. Craven. 

WAD-AT, WAD HE, phr. He would; that 
would he. Craven. 

WADMAL, s. [Vadmaal, Isl.] A very 
coarse and thick kind of woollen manu- 
facture, worn by countrymen for their 
winter garments. Norf. 

WAD TO, phr. Wouldst thou. Craven, 
TbWAFF,©. n. [To Waft.] Topnflfupin 
the act of boiling. 
To bark gently. Craven. 

To WAGE, V. a. To tempt a person to do 
^ something difficult or disagreeable by 
offering him a bet or a bribe. Norf. 

W AILY, adj. [To Wail ; to lament.] Op- 
pressed with woe. Craven. 
WAIN-HOUSE, «. A wagon-house. Glouc. 
WAIN, s. A wagon. North, 
An ox-cart without side rails. Ghuc, 



WAIS, WASE, 8. [Wasen, Belg.] Wisp, 
Sax. a small bundle of straw. 
A wreath of straw or cloth placed on the 
head to relieve the pressure of a burden. 

Craten. 

A handful of straw twisted together, and 

used by carters to rub their horses with. 

Hants* 
WAKE, a*'. [Wak, Ang. Sax.] Weak. 

Craven* 

WAKE, s. The feast of the dedication of 

a parish church. 

A company of neighbours sitting up with 

the dead. North. 

WALCH, adj. Insipid ; fresh ; water ish. 

Orose. 
WALL-EEN, s. White or grey eyes. Cm* . 
Wall-eyed is applied to horses, whose eyes 
have a greyish sort of cast in them. 

Hants. Sussex. 

(WalchenyBelg. to blanch.) 

WALK, 8. An uninclosed corn field. Norf. 

WALKS, 8. pi. A large extent of uninclosed 

,i land ; the same as Sheep-walks ; so called 

from sheep being allowed to run over it 

for certain portions of the year. Norf. 

WALK-MILL, 8. [Walcken, Belg. to 

blanch ; and Mill.] A fulling mill. North. 

WALL. He lies by the wall ; spoken of a 

person dead, but not buried. Norf. 

Suff. Grose* 

WALLANEERING! intj. An expression 

of pity. [Wailing.] North* 

WALLADAY, intj. [Wail the Day !] An 

expression of sorrow. Lane. 

WALL] NO, part, act. Boiling. North. 

BaUey^ 
(This word, I suppose, has the same origin 
as Walloper, Pot-Walloper; that is, 
one who boiled a pot of his own, and 
thus became entitled to a vote in many 
boroughs before the Reform Bill was 
passed in 1832. Some derive Wallop- 
ing from the noise made by a pot when 
boiling.) [Wealan, Sax. to boil.] 
WALLIS, 8. The withers of a horse. Norf^ 
WaLL-TILES, 8. Bricks, opposed to tiles, 
called Thack-Tiles, (which see.) North. 
To WALLOP, t;. a. To beat. Somerset. 

Bants. Sussex. Warw. 
To move as fost as possible, but not with- 
out much effort. ^(/rf. 
WALLOPING, adj. Bending in one's gait. 

Craven. 
Slatternly. Grote^ 

(See Walling.) 
To WALLOP, V. a. [Envelope ?] 
To wrap up anything in a hasty or clumsy 
manner. Norf* 

WALLOW, WALSH, 04/'. Flat; insiped. 

Craven* 

(See Walch.] 

To WALLY, V. a. To indulge. North. 

WALNUT, s. A large kind of walnut, the 

common sort being called French-nut. 

Somerset, 



184 



WAL. 



WAR. 



To VfkVt, V. a. and n. [To Vault ?] 
To overthrow ;^ to totter or lean on one 
side. Nmih* 

To WALTER, or WOLTER, v. n. [Wel- 
teren, Belg. to welter ; to roll in anv 
filth ; whence Welt, a fold] 
To foil and twist about on the ground^ as 
corn laid by the wind and rain ; or as 
one who is rolled in the mire. Norf. 
To be f^reatly fatigued. Norf, 

To WAMBLE, «. n. [Wemmelen, Belg.] 
To stagger or waddle, as ducks do. 
To move to and fro in an irregular and 
awkward manner. NorUt. Somei-set. 

WAN, 8, [Wand, a long rod.] A long rod 
to weave into a hedge. Norf, 

WANDED-BASKET, ». [See Wan.] An 
ozier or wicker basket. North. 

WANOED-CHAIR, ». A wicker chair. 

North. 

WANDY, adj. Long and flexible, like a 

wand. North. 

WANGERY,ad/.x Flabby. Bxmoor. 

WANG-TOOTH, ». [Wang-Todh, Ang. 

Sax.] (Wang, Sax. the jaw in which 

the teeth are set.) 

The canine tooth. N&tth. 

WANKLE, adj. [Wanckel, Bel((.] 

Weak; loose; pliant. Norf, North. 

WANT,«. A mole. [Wand, Say. ^ NoHh. 
WANTI-TUMP, #. Amolehiir. Glaue. 

WANTEAN, *. Craven. I [Wain-tie.] 
WANTY,*. HanU. f 
A surcingle, a laige girth for a pack-horse. 

North. 

The girth which is fastened to the thills of 

a cart, and passing under the horses* 

belly,prevents the cart from falling Iwck. 

W. Sussex. Hants. 
To WANZE, p. n. [Wanian, Sax, to de- 
cline.] 
To waste away ; to pine ; to wither. Norf. 

BaUey. 
WAP, B. (Wipa, So. Goth, to involve.) A 
bundle of straw. North, 

To WAP, V. a. To wrap. Norf 

To beat Hants. Sussex. Warw. Norf. 

To WAP BY, e. n. To go swiftly by. Lane. 
** Down he came, wap," means he came 
down suddenly^ all at once^ in a lump as 
it were. Hants. 

WAP, «. A peep. tone. 

WAPPERE0, adj. Restless ; fatigued ; said 
of a sick person. Giouc, 

WAPPEREYED, a^j. Goggle-eyed, with 
eyes staring, as one scared ; or squinting, 
like a person in liquor. Exm. 

WAPPER-JAWS, s. (See Wap.) A wry 
mouth ; a warped jaw. Not/, 

WAPPET, i, A yelping cor. JMUo., 

WAPS,WAPSY, s. [Wasps, Ang. Sax. 
Forby.] A wasp. Norf. Sttssex. Hants. 
To WAPSE, V. a. To wash. Sussex, so says 
Bailey, but I have never met with it my- 
self. ' 
War, inierj. [W«r, Sax. Var, Isl. wary.J 



Beware I take care ; as. War-horse ! Get 
out of the way of the horse ! War-hawk ! 
Beware of danger. Hants, Craven. Sussex, 

Somerset, 

WAR-DAY. s. Work-day, opposed to Sun- 
day. [Wark, Sax. a work.] North. 

WAR, V, pret. of To be. [Wopren, Sax. 
plural of Was.] Was, were. ; Somerset, 

Craven. 

WAR, adj. [Worm, Srfx.] Worse. War 
and War worse ; and worse. Warse and 
Warse. North. 

WARBLE, WAR->.[Wear, Ang. Sax.] 



BLET, «. Norf. 
WAR-BEETLE, «. 
Qrose. 
WARNLES, s. 

Kent. E.Sussex. 
WARISON, s. The stomach and 

tents. 
WARD, «. The world. 

Wardle. 
To WARD, V. n. To wade. 



Hard, callous; and 
Beetle.] Ahard swell- 
ing in the backs of 
cows, caused by a 
maggot. 

its con- 

Cumb. 

Craven. 

Hants, 

8omer§et. 

WARD, «.' [Wear, Ang. Sax. callous.] A 

hardening of the skin on the hands by 

work, and on the feet by walking. Norf. 

To WARD, V. a. To harden the skin of the 

hands with work. Norf. 

WARISHED, part, pass. Recovered from 

sickness. Craven, 

WARK, s. [Sax.] Work. ' North. 

Ache; pain. Ditto. 

WARK-BRATTLE, o^'. (Work, and Brittle, 

easily broken ; a person who is fond of 

work, soon breaks it down, or gets 

through it. 

Loving to woik. 

WARLOCK, s, A wtsaid. 

WARK-FOLK, s. Labourers. 

To WARM, V. a. To beat. 

WARMSHIP, *. Warmth. 

To WARNT, WARND, v. a. 



North. 

Craven* 

DUto. 

Warm4 

To warrant. 



Hanis. Somerset, Sussex. 

To WARP, V. a. [Werpen, Belg. to east 

up.] To lay eggs. North, BaUei/. 

WARP, s. A ridge of land. Jhtto. 

In husbandry, a quantity of land couftlstiog 

of ten, twelve, or more ridges, on each 

side of which a furrow is left to carry of 

the water. 

Four herrings. E. Sussest. Kent. 

7b WARP-UP, v,a. To plough land in 

Warps. E. Sussex. Kent. 

WARRED, WARED, paH.pass, [Weran, 

Sax. to wear ; worn otit.] Spent. Craven. 

To WABRY, V. a. To cnrse. Lane, 

WARRIDGE, s. The withers of a horse. 

Craven* 
WARSTED, WATER-STEAD, s. A shore. 

North. 
WARTA-SHOEN, s. Shoes for working- 
days. Halifax. Qrose. 
WART-DAY, s. A work-day. Craven, 
WARTH, *. [Wadan, Ang. Sax. to wade.] 



WATH, A ford. 
WASE, s. [See Wais.] 



NoHh* 



WAS. 



WAT. 



185 



Wash, «. The washings of pots and sauce- 
pans, which are thrown into the pail for 
the hogs, 'called generally Hog-wash. 

Hants, Sussex, 

WASHAMOUTHE, *. A blab. Exm, 

WASH-DISH, s. The water wag-tail, ao 

called from its frequenting small streams 

of water. Somerset, 

Dish-washer. Hants, 

WASHBREW, s. Flummery. Exm. 

WASSELLERS, s, [Wsescel, Sax. A liquor 
made of roasted apples, sugar, and ale, 
offered to all guests in a bowl at Christ- 
mas, called a Wassel-bowl. — ^A bowl of 
this kind is still to be seen in Battle Ab- 
bey, Sussex, made of wood.] Grown 
people or children who go about the 
streets in the evenings at Christmas, 
singing carols. Hants, 

WAS8E[^SINGERS, splu, Wassellers. Norf. 

WASSEL, «. A person very weak, probably 
from partaking too freely of the Wassel 
bowl. Craven. 

WASSET-MAN, s, A scare-crow. fVUts. 

WASTE, s, A consumption. North. 

WATCHED, adj. (WeUhod ) Wet-footed. 

Hants, 

WATER-BEWITCHED, s. Weak tea, punch 
coffee, &c., of which the flavour is almost 
imperceptible from the super-abundance 
of water in the mixture. Norf, Hants. 

Sussex, 

WATER-DOGS, s. Small clouds floating 

below the dense mass of cloudiness in 

rainy seasons, denoting the approach of 

heavy rain. Norf. 

In Hants, called ' Hounds,' and when seen, 

people exclaim, ** The Hounds are out." 

WATER-ICLES, s. Stalactites. Craven. 

WATER RANNY, *. The short-tailed field 

mouse. Norf, 

Penning has Ranny, a shrew-mouse, from 

mus araneus, Lat. from its inhabiting 

arable ground. But what has water to 

do with it ? 

WATER-SHAKREN, adj. Soaked with wa- 
ter; applied to land. Craven. 

WATER-SLAIN, adj. Super-saturated with 
water, spoken of beverage, such as tea, 
beer, &c. Norf, 

Wet, undrained land, is said to be water- 
slain. Suff, 

WATER-SPRINGE, s. A copious flow of 
saliva, which often precedes nausea. Norf, 

WATER-SPRIZZLE, s. A disease in gos- 
lings or ducklings. Norf, 

WATER.TAKING, s. A pond from which 
water is taken to supply a house that has 
no pump. Norf, 

WATER-WHELP, s, A dumplln kneaded 
without yeast or eggs. Norf, 

WATER-TABLE, s, A low part on the side 
of a road for the purpose of carrying off 
the superfluous water. B. Sussex, 

WATSAIL, 8. (Wassail.— See Wassel.) A 
drinking song, sung on Twelfth Day eve ; 



throwing toast to the apple trees, in order 
to have a fruitful year. Exmoor. 

WATTLES, s. Rods laid on a roof to 
thatch upon. North, 

roWAW, v.n. [Wa, Sax. Woe, wail, 

wawl.] To wawl, to cry as a cat. Craven* 

To bark as a dog. Grose. 

WAU, s, (Scotch pronunciation, as Fan, 

fall, &c.) A wall. Craven, 

Worthless liquor, probably from Wa, Sax* 

woe. Woeful stuff. Craven. 

WAUGHISH, adj. Faintish ; sickly. Lane. 

WAVERS, s. Young timberlings left stand- 
ing in a fallen wood. North, 

To WAWL, V. n. [Wa, Sax.] To wail ; to 
weep. Craven. 

7o WAWKEN, V, n. [Wealcan, Sax.] To 
walk. Lcmc. 

To WAWT, V. a* (To vault, to leap.) To 
overturn. Lane, 

WAX-KERNEL, s. A swelling near the ear; 
from to wax, to grow. Craven. 

WAY-BIT, 8. A little piece ; a little way. 
How far is it to such a place; Three 
miles and a Way-bit; meaning a little 
more than three miles; thoagh sometimes 
it is said, the Way-bit is a pretty consider* 
able piece over. North. 

WAY-BREAD, *. Plantain. North. 

[Wseg-Brsede, Sax.] 

To WAY ZALT, v. a. (To weigh salt.) 
To play at the game of Way-zalting, which 
see. 

WAY-ZALTING, s, A game or exercise in 

which two persons stand back to back, 

with their arms interlaced, and alternately 

lift each other. Somerset, 

In Hants it is called Weighing. 

WAZE, s, A small round cushion put under 
the hat, or on the crown of the head, to 
carry loads on. ■ Cumb. 

A Waze of straw, Hants. (See Wais.) 

WEAD, flk^*. Very angry. North. 

WE AH, acy. Sorry for. [Wa, Sax. woe.] 

North, 

WEAKY, s, [Weicken, Germ, to soak.] 
Moist. North. 

To WEAL, V, a. To choose. Lane. 

WEALING, s. (Weanling.) A young crea- 
ture fit to be weaned. . Craven* 

To WEAR, V, a. To lay out money. iMne. 

To WEAR UP, V. a. To wear out. Norf. 

To WEAR THE POT,pAr. To cool it. North. 

WEARIFUL, cuJIJ. Tiresome; giving exer- 
cise to patience. Norf, 

WEARING, s, A consumption. Craven. 

WEARY, adj Feeble; sickly; puny; that 
is soon wearied. Norf. 

To WEAT THE HEAD, phr. To examine 
the head for lice, perhaps corrupted from 
to Weed. Notth. 

WEATHER-GALL, s. A secondary rain- 
bow, a sign of bad weather. Craven. 
[Wasser-Gall, Germ.] 

WEATHER-UEAD, «. The secondary rain 
bow. Norf. 

A 2 



186 



WEA. 



WEL. 



W£ATHER.LAID« adj. Weather-bound; 
■topped on a journey by bad weather. 

Norf, 

WEAUGHINO, part. act. [Probably from 
the sound, as we use Bow-wow in the 
same sense.] Barking^. Lane, 

WEA WORTH YOU, phr. Woe betide 
you. Kijrth* 

WEB, 9 The omentum. '* The web of the 
body ;•* the cawl. Nor/, 

WEE, adj, [Scotch.] Little. North. 

WEEKS OF THE MOUTH, phr. The sides 
of it. Lane, 

WEEL, adv. Well. North. 

WEEL. f. [W»l, Sax. a well.] A whirl- 
pool ; a well. North, 

WEEN, phr. We have. Lane. 

WEEPING-TEARS, s.pl. Excessive sor- 
row. " I found poor Betty all in weeping: 
tears." Norf. 

WEEPY, a4/. 'Abounding with springs ,* 
moist. Somerset. 

WEER, aey. Pale and ghastly in aspect. Nf, 
[Weard, Slaz. Fate ; hence Weird sisters, 
witches. 

WEET, a'^'. [Woeet, Sax.] Wet. Lane. 

To WEET, V a. To wet. DUlo. 

WEET, or WITE, adj. Nimble, swift. North. 

WEE-WOW; A-WEE-WOW, adv. Per- 
versely ; in an unsettled state. West. 

To WEEZE, V. n. [W«s, Sax.] To ooze. 

E. Stusex, 

WEIGH, or WAAGH, *. Waege, Ang, Sax. 
A lever ; a wedge. Grote. 

WEIGH.BALK, «. The beam of a pair of 
scales. Craven. 

WEIGHT, adj. Many. JHtto. 

W£IR» or WAAR, t. Sea- wreck ; sea -weed. 

[Waar, Sax.] Northumb. 

Wore or Woor. Isle of Thanet. 

Sea- Ore. Hants. 

To WELK, V. a. To dry ; said of grass 

shaken out to be dried for hay. North. 

[To Welter.] To soak, roll, and roacerale 

in a fluid. Norf. 

To give a sound beating, which is likely 

to raise weals, welts, or welks. Norf. 

To WELL, V, a. [Wseltan, Sax. to welt, to 
lay in folds ] To weld. Craven, 

WELL-APAI D, p^rt. act. Appeased ; satis- 
fied. Somerset. 

WELL AT-EASE, adj. Hearty; healthy. 

Somerset. 

WELLING, part. act. [Waella. Su. Goth, 
to heat.] Boiling ; scalding ; applied to 
liquor. North. 

WELLANDER, interj. Alas. North. 

WELUTIDDED, adj. Well-leated, having 
a ^ood odder. North. 

WELL TO DO, phr. In a state of ease as 
to pecuniary circumstances. Hants. Suss, 

WELL-TO-LIVE, phr. Well to do. Norf. 

WELLY, arh. Well nigh. North. 

To WtLLY, V. a. [Wail, Bewail ye.] To 
pity. Grose. 

To WELT, V. a. [Welt a fold in a garment.] 
To overturn. Craven. 



To WELT, V. a. To beat, as^ '* I will welt 
your jacket for you." Sussex, 

WI:M, s. [Ang. Sax. Tim Bobbin.] The 
Belly. Lane. 

WEM, s. [Wem, Ang. Sax. a stain or spot.] 
A small fretted place in a garment. Norf. 
W£NCE,s. [Whence — the point from which 
they start.] A spot where several ways 
me.et, or from which they diverge ; as a 
four-wence. E. Susse^D. Kent. 

Bailey writes it Wence. It is now com- 
monly called a Went, sometimes a Vent. 
Elimwell Vent, Kent.] 
WENNEL, s. (Wean.) A weaned calf. Norf 
To WEND, V. n. To go. North, 

WENTED, part. pass. Grown acid. Norf 
WENTS, s. The teasles, or fuller's thistles 
when worn out. Glouc, 

WER, pron, [Vor, Teut. We, Sax. we.] 
Our. Craven. 

WERE, s. [Wser, Sax. a fen.] A pond or 
pool of water. North. 

WESH, *. [Wash.] Urine. Craven. 

WESTLY, adj. Dizzy, giddy. Norf BaUey, 
To WET, phr. * To wet the sickle," is to 
take an allowance of beer, the evening 
before wheat harvest begins. Norf. 

*'To wet your whistle," means to have 
something to drink. Sussex. Hants. 

" To have a wet.*' ** Let us have a wet," 
that is, *'Let us drink." Sussex, Hants, 
" A wet one," is a drunkard. Ditto, 

WETHERLY, adv. With rage and violence. 

Exmoor. 
WETSHOD, adj. Wet in the feet. Norf. 

Somerset, HarUs. 

WErUR, ». [Waeeter, Belg.] Water. Lane. 

W ET UR-TA W MS, «. [ Wseeter, Belg. wa- 

ter, and Tomber, Fr. to fall.] 

Sick fits; water-qualms. Lane. 

WEVtT, s. [Wefian,*Sax. to weave.] 

A spider—which weaves a web. Somerset, 
To W E W- WO W, V. a. To wring and twist 
in an irregular and intricate manner. 

Norf. 
WEY, s, [Waeg, Sax] A way. Lane. 

To WEYN, V. a. [Wenen, Sax.] To wean. 

Lane. 

WEZZON, WEASAND, t. [Wesan, Sax.] 

The windpipe. Craven. 

WHA, adv, [Weal, health, from Wealan, 

Sax.] Well. Craven. 

WHACK, s, [See Swack.] A smart, loud 

blow. • (Perhaps from the sound.] 

North, fi'est. South. 
To WHAIN, V. a. To coax or entice. North. 
WHAINE. orf;. Strange. .North. 

To WHACK, t;. a. To beat with violence. 

Hants. Somerset. Sussex. 

To WHACK, V. n. To fall with great 

violence. Craven. 

To WHACKER, v, n. [Cwacan, Sax. to 

quake.] 

To tremble. Lane, Craven* 

WHAFF, WHAFT,«. [Wave, waft.] A 

blast of wind. Lane, 



WHA, 



WHE. 



187 



To WHAKE, V. n. [See Whacker.] To 
tremble. Lane, 

WHACKER, «. Something: huge and large* 
as a stout man, is said to be a Whacker, 
and so is a thumping lie. Hants, Sussex. 

WHACKING, CMJj. Large; huge. Sussex. 

WHALING, pari, act, [Weal, a mark left 
by a stripe, from Walan, Sax.] 
Beating. Craven. 

WHAM,«. [Swamp?] 

A bog ; a morass. Craven, 

WHAMP, ». A wasp. North, 

WHANG, 8. [Thwang, Sax.] A thong. 

Craven. 

To WHANG, r. a. To beat. Craven. 

To throw away. Craven. 

WHANGBY, ». Poor skimmed-milk cheese, 
tough enough to make thongs or 
Whangs. Craven, 

WHANK, «. A lump ; a large piece, as a 
Whank of cheese. North, 

WHARLING IN THE THROAT, p/ir. An 
inability to pronouuce the letter R ; as 
among the inhabitants of Newcastle- 
upon-Tyne, and iis environs. Grose 

WHARTS and WHEWTS, 8, Irregular 
tufts of grass. North. 

(Wart, but whence Whewts ?) 

WHARLE, *. [To Whirl.] A small wheel 
on a spindle. Craven, 

WHARLE.KNOr,«. A hard knot. Lane. 

WHARRE, 8. A crab-apple. Cheshire, 

Bailey. 

To WHART, WHARTLE, v, a. [Thwart.] 

*iik To cross; to teaze. Nor/. 

WHAT-NOSED, adj. Hot-nosed; red- 
nosed, from drink iug. fVest. 

WHATSOMIVER, pron. Whatsoever. 

Somerset 
ado. However. Craven, 

WHAW,aJy. Why. Lane, 

WHAWM, *. Warmth. Unr. 

To WHAU VE. V, a. To cover over. Craven, 

WHAPPER, adj. Large. DUto, 

WH APPLE-GATE, *. A gate on a Whap- 
ple-Way. Hants. 

WHAPPLE-WAY, ». A way, by which 
people on foot or on horseback can pass, 
but not in carriages of any kind. Hants, 

To WHAPS, V, a, [See to Wap-by.] 
To put in hastily. Craven. 

WHEADY, adj. Tedious; wearisome; as 

a Wheady mile ; a mile more than was 

expected in a journey. Shropshire. 

(Wa, »Sax. woe ; Whea-day, Woe-a-day.) 

WHEAMOW, a<^-. Nimble. Derby. 

WHEAM, WHEM, adj. So close that no 
wind can enter ; also convenient. Chesh, 

WHEAMjOcit'. Near at hand. Lane, Chesh, 
(Ang. Sax. Tim Bobbin.) 

WHEAN, s, [Kivinna, Isl. avoman-quean.] 
A woithless woman. Lane. Craven, 

WHEANT, a</;. [Quaint.] Stange; comi- 
cal. Lane, 

To WHECKER, v. n. To neigh i to laugh 
in a low, vulgar manner. Somerset. 



To Whicker. Hants. 

(From the sound.) 

To WHEDDER, v. n. To tremble. North, 

WHEDEN,«. Asillyfellovr. fVest. Baiiey, 

WHEE, 8, [Wee, Sc. little.] A heifer or 
young cow. York. 

WHEEL, «. A whirl-pool. Lane, 

WHEEti-SPUN, 8. Very stout worsted yarn, 
spun on the common large wheel, of 
which the coarsest stockings, gloves, 
caps, &c., are made. Norf, 

WHEEL-SPUR, 8. lu the old roads, the 
horse path was midway between the two 
wheel-ruts. Between the horse path and 
the rut on either side was the Wheel- 
Spur, much higher than either, 
(See Porby, who gives Spura, Teut. a 
crossway. Spurting, Brit, a deep rut.) 

Norf. 

WHEEMLY, 0(/«. [Quemen, Teut.] 

Smoothly ; quietly. Craven, 

WHEEN-CAT, s. [Queen-Cat. See Whean.] 
A female cat. North. 

WHEINT, adj. Fine; as a wheint lad. 

Cheshtre, 

WHELK, «. A blow. Craven. 

A noise made by a heavy body falling. 
A quantity, as a Whelk of straw. Craven. 

WHELKIN, ad/'. Large. DUto, 

WHELM, 8, Half a hollow tree, placed 
with its hollow side downwards, to foim 
a small watercourse. Norf. 

To WHELM, V. a. To turn a tub or other 
vessel upside down, whether to cover any 
thing with or not. *' Whelm it down." 

Norf. 
(Awhilfan, Sax. to whelm ; overwhelm.] 

WHEMMELLED, part, pass. [Wemelen, 
Teut.] Covered or turned over. Craven. 

WHENT, flkiy. Strange. DUto, 

WHERE, adv. Whether. Somerset, 

WHEREWr, *. [Wherewith.] Property; 
estate; money, wherewith to live. 8om. 

WHERKING, part, act. Breathing with 
diflBculty. Lane, Craven, 

WHERR, ociy. Very sour. Lane. 

To WHERRET, r. a. To pester; annoy ; 
harrass. Norf. 

To worret. Hants, (To worry.) 

WHERRET, 8. A box on the ear. Lane. 

WHERRY, «. A liquor nuide from the pulp 
of crab-apples, after the verjuice is ex- 
pressed. Grose, 

To WHERRY , r. n. To laugh immoderately. 

Craven, 

To WHETHER, adv. At all events. DUto. 

WHETHERS, adv. In doubt. DUto, 

To WHEW, r. a. To throw away. DUto. 

To turn off abruptly. DUto, 

To WHEWT, r, n. [From the sound.] To 

whittle. North* Norf 

To squeak faintly, as a youug bird. Norf. 

WHlhTy adj. Quiet. Craven. 

WHICK, adj Quick; alive. Lane. DUto, 
(Cwic, Sax. quick.) 

WHICKEN, 8. The mountain aih. Craven. 



188 



WHI. 



WHI 



WHICKS, «. CoQch-^asfl ; thorns. Craven. 

(Cwic, Sax. growing quick.) 
WHICKENED, part. pM«. Choaked. North. 
WHICKET-FOR WHACKET, phr. Quit 
for quatte; tit for tat; quid pro quov. 

Kent» Bailey. 
WHIFF, 8. [Waflf, Scotch.] 

A transient view. Craven. 

WHIFF, *. " Neither Whiff nor Whaff," is 
a phrase applied to insipid food ; un- 
meaning chat, &c. Norf, 
WHIFF-WAFF, WHIFFO-WHAFFO, ». 
Trifling words or actions. Lianc, 
WHIFFLE-WHAFFLE, s, A person of 
unsteady character. Craven. 
WHIFFLER, 5. One who goes at the head 
of a procession to clear the way, parti- 
cularly in the corporation of Norwich. 
(See Forty.) 

A young freeman, who attends the Com- 
panies uf London on Lord Mayor's Day. 

Fenning. 

(Chwyth, Brit, a sudden blast and soon 

over. Waefleren, Ang. Sax. to talk 

idly.) 

WHIGG, f. iHwseg, Sax.] Whey. Craven. 

WHILE, prep. Until. North. Norf. 

To WHILE, V. a. To get rid of, applied to 

time, as " We must while away the time 

till dinner is ready." No7'f. Suss. Hants. 

To WHILK, V. n. To yelp or bark as a dog 

does. Hants. Bailey* 

To cry, as a dog does, when in distress. 

To mutter to one's self, as a person does 

when offended. E. Sussex, 

.WHIMLY,ad». Softly; silently. North. 

WHIMMY, a^i- Full of whims or fancies. 

Craven, Sussex. Hants. 

To WHINGE, V. It. To Whine. [Wenga, Su. 

Goth, to deplore.] Craven. 

WHINNER-NEBB'D, adj. Thin-nosed; 

having a lean, spare, face. North. 

WHINNOCK, s. A pail to carry milk in. 

North. 
WHINNS, «. Furze; gorse. Ditto. 

To WHINNY, V. n. [Hinnio, Lat. to neigh ; 
or from the sound uttered by a young 
colt] To neigh aa a horse, more paJti- 
cularly as a foal. Lane. Hants. Norf. 

To Winner. Cumb. 

To WHINNY, V, n. To snivel and whimper, 
like a child. Norf. 

To WHIP-TH E-CAT, phr. To practise the 
most pinching parsimony, grudging even 
the scraps and orts to the cat. Norf. 

A phrase applied to the village tailor, go- 
ing round from house to house to work. 

s^f. 

''To have a Whip," ia to make an extra 

collection from the company at a tavern 

dinner, after the regular reckoning has 

been paid. Sussex, Hants. 

WHIHPANCE, s. [See Whipple-tree.J 

WHIPPER-SNAPPER, s. [Perhaps from 

the quick snapping of a whip.} 

A busvy insignificant person. Craven. 



A little busy person. Hants, Sussex^ 

WHIPPER-SNAPPER, adj. Active ; nim- 
ble ; sharp. Hants, Somerset. 
WHIPPET, 8. A abort, light petticoat. 

Norf. 
WHIPPLE-TREE, s A short bar, by which 
horses draw. Notf. 

A Whippance in Hampshire ia a wooden 
bar, used to keep the chains apart from 
rubbing the horse's legs and sides 
when drawing a plough or harrow. The 
bar used for this purpose in the harness 
of a horse, drawing a cart or wagon, is 
called a Spreader in Hampshire, and a 
Spread-bat in E. Sussex. 
WHIPSWHiLE, 8. A short time,Mn as 
little time asyou can snap a whip. Som, 
WHIRKENED, pai-t. pass. Choaked; 
strangled. North. 

WHIRLE, 8. [To Whirl.] A round piece of 
wood, put on the spindle of a spinning- 
wheel. Bailey , 
WHIRL-TE-WOO, *. Butter milk. Derby, 
WHIRL-BAAN, *. [To Whirl, and Ban, 
Sax. bone.] 
The cap of the knee. North, 
The thigh bone, which fastens into the 
socket of the hip and revolves therein, 
is called the Hurl-bone Hants. 
WHIRL.BARK,«. A butter churn, which 
turns round. Derby, 
WHIRLY-BOOANS, ». The knees. Lane. 
Tb' WHIRR, V. n. [From the sound.] 
To fly an ay with noise, as partridges do. 

Craven. 
WHIRRA, 8. [See Worra.] 
WHISHT, mtj. From the sound.] Hush ? 

North. 
WHISKER, a-i/. Cleaner. York. 

WHISTERPOOP, 8. A back-handed blow. 

Exmoor. 

WHISK ET, «. A small parcel. Norf, 

A scuttle or basket. North, 

WHISKING, adj. Great ; bouncing ; as, 

** that is a whisking lie." North. Hants. 

WHISK-FELT, ac^. Light of carriage; 

indecent. Lane, 

WHISKY, od/. Whorish. Lane. 

WHISTER-TWISTER, s. A smart blow on 

'the side of the head. Somerset. 

WHISTER,«. [Whist! Be silent.] 

A whisper. Grose, 

To WHITE, v. a, fWite, Sc] To blame. 

North, 

To requite. North, 

To WHITE, V, a. [Thwitan, Sax.] To cut. 

North, 
WHITE-BACK, s, Populus alba ; the 
white poplar. Norf, 

WHITE-CROPS, s. Corn, as wheat, bar- 
ley, and oats, the straw of which is white, 
in contra-distinction to that of peas and 
beans. Glouc, Hants. 

WHITE-IT ! intj. The Deuce take it ! North, 
WHITE-NEB, 8. [From its white beak.] 
A rook. York, 



WHL 



WHY. 



189 



WHITE-HERRING, 8. A fresh herring, so 
called in conlradistioclion to a dried one, 
which is called a red-herring. Nmf, 

E, Sussex, 
WHITTERY, ojy. Pale and sickly. Norf, 
WHITHERER, *. A lustv, strong or stout 
person or thing. * North, 

WHlTHERN,pAr. Whiiher will. Lane. 
WHITTLE,*. A small blanket worn over 
the shoulders by women ; also a blanket 
used to swaddle children. ^f'est. 

WHIT-WITCH, 8. [While-Witch.] A 
pretended conjuror, whose power de- 
pends on his learning, and not on aeon- 
tract wiih ihe devil. Exmo(h\ 
To WHIVER, V. n. [To Waver.] To 
hover. Somerset, 
WHIZBIRD, s, A leim of reproach. Ditto, 
In Hampshire they have the word Whoos- 
bird or Whoos-berg. It appears to be 
a corruption of Whore's bird, that is, a 
bastard. 
To WHIZZ LE, V. a. To get anything away 
slily. North, 
WHOAM, «. Home. Lane, 
2>. WHO AVE, V. a. To cover over. 

Cheshire, Lane, 

WHOATS,*. Oats. Lane. 

Wuts. Hants. 

WHOLE-FOOTED, orf;. Treading flat and 

heavy, as if there were oo joints in the 

foot. Norf. 

Very intimate ; closely confederate. N&rf, 

WHOO, WHO, WHOO.WHO, WHOO I 

intj. An exclamation expressive of great 

• surprise. Lane. 

ToWHOOK, r. n. To shake. Grose, 

.WHOORT, r. prei. ten. Shook (in every 

joint.) Quaked. Chesh, 

WHOP, s, [Fiom the sound. See Wap.] 

A heavy blow. Somerset, Hants, Sussex, 
To WHOP, V, a. To stiike with heavy 
blows. Son^rset, Hants, Sussex, 

To WHOP PET, V, a. To Whop. Grose, 
WHOPPING,*. A beating; as, •* 1 will 
give you a good Whopping." Sussex, 
WHOPPER, *. Anything large. Hants. 

Sussex, N*jrf, 
WHORTS, WORTS, or HERTS, ». Whor- 
tle-berries. W, Sussex, 

WHORTING. pari, act. To go a Whorting, 
i«to go out for the purpose of gathering 
whorts or whortle-berries. fVesl. 

WHO-SA Y. or HOOSAY, s, A wandering 
report; an observation of no weight. 
Who says it ? We do not know the author 
of the report, therefore place no confi- 
dence in it. Somerset. 
WHOT adj. Hot. Somerset. 
WHOTYEL,*. [Hot Awl .^] 

An iron to bore holes* Lane. 

WHOWISKIN, 8, A whole drinking black 

pot. Chesh. BaUey, 

WHRlNE.o^'. Soar. NoHh. 

WHUMMLE, 8. [Wimmelen, Belg.] 

A wimble. Craven. 



WHY,*. [Query, Sc.] 

A heifer. North. 

WIIY-KAWVE, ». A female calf. Lane, 
WHY-IJIBBLE, *. A whimeyj idle fancy. 

Norf. 
WIA-WIA, wlv. Very well. Craven, 

7b WICKER, r. n. To neigh. Hants, 

(From the sound.) 
Wr, prep. Wiih. Craven. Hants, 

To WIDDLE, V. n. To fret. North. 

WIDDLES, s. Very young ducks, so called 
perhaps from their waddling gait, Norf. 
WIUVEK, s. [Widwa, Sax. a widow.] 

A widower. Somerset, 

WIDE OF, prep. Out of the direct road, 
but not very far off; as Stone is a little 
wide of Rye. E, Sussex. 

WIDDY, WITHY, *. [Withe, Sax. willow.] 
Twigs of willow or hazle, dried partially 
in the fire, and then twisted into wreaths 
for many agricultural purposes. Craven. 
In Hants a Withy is a willow, and a With 
is a twig of willow twisted into a band 
to bind a fagot. At the harvest sup- 
per, formerly, they had a song in praise 
of the wood-cutter, part of which ran 
thus, viz. : — 

He takes his With and he winds it. 
And he lays it on the ground ; 
And round his fegot he binds it, 
Drink round, my boys I drink round! 

It is perhaps worthy of remark here, that 
in Dyche and Pardon's Dictionary, pub- 
lished in 1744, the word Willow is not 
found, nor is Withe. Fenning, in 1761, 
has Withe, but not Willow • each of 
them has Sallow, fronr the Latin, Saliz. 
(See Sally.) 
WIG,f. [Weghe, Teut.] 

A sort of cake or bun. Craven. 

A small, long, oval cake, made of flour 

and caraway seeds, with a little honey 

in the middle, on the outside. Hants, 

W1GGER, oii/. [Can it be corrupted from 

Vigour, vigorous ?] 

Strong, as " he is a clean-pitched, wigger 

fellow." North. 

WIRES OF THE MOUTH,*. [Wik, Su. 

Goth, a corner.] The corners of a 

mouth. North. 

WILCH, s. The wicker strainer let upright 

in the mash tub, to prevent the grains 

from running off with thewoft. Norf, 

WILD-MARE, HINCH, or HITCH, i. The 

spring-halt, which causes a horse to 

catch up his leg suddenly, m though 

there were a hitch in it. Craven. 

WILF, s. A willow. North. 

WILK, 8, A cockle or sea-snail. Line. 

A shell fish. Hants, 

WILL-A-WIX, «. An owl. Norf. 

WILL£RN,a4r. Peevish; wilful. Grose. 

WILLY, «• A name given to baskets (of 

various sizes, but generally to those 

holding about a bushel. Somerset. 

A very large basket used by carters to 



190 



WIL. 



WIN. 



carry the chaff from the barn to the 

•table for the horses. Hants, 

Sometimes called Willy-basket, from 

being made of willow. 

To WILT, V. n. To wither. South. West. 

Orose. 
WILDCAT, f. [Wildcat?] 

A pole cat. Lane, 

7Vi WIM, «. a. To winnow. Som. Hants, 
WIM, or W1MMING.SUEET, «. A sheet 
upon which corn is winnowed. 

Somerset, Hants, 

WIMMING-DUST, s. Chafif. Somerset. 

WINDED, part. pass. Dry, from having 

been ei posed too long to the wind ; thus 

hay which is light in the stack, is said to 

to be winded. Craven. 

WIND-EGG. s. An addle egg, or an egrg 

without a yolk. Norf. 

To WINDER, V, a. [Windrian, Sax.] 

To winnow. Graven. 

WINDERS,*. The women who perform 
the office of attiring the dead, and watch- 
ing the body till it is buried. Norf. 
WINDING^ s. The wool in which the bo- 
dies of the poor are wrapped in their 
coffins. Norf, 
WINDLE, or WINNEL, «. A bushel North. 
WINDLES, 8 Blades on which to wind 
yarn. North, 
WINDLESREEN, s. A stalk of grass. 

Ctaven. 
WINDON, 8. A window. Norf. 

WINDOR, 8, (Wind and door; being in- 
tended to keep out the wind.) A window. 

Somerset, Hants, Craven. 

WIND-ROW, 8. A thin row of new*mown 

grass raked up so as to allow the wind to 

pass freely through it, in order to dry it. 

Sussex, Norf. North, 
To WINDROW, V, a. To put hay into wind- 
rows. 8us8es. Nmf. North. 
WINAFLAT, adj. Thrown on one side. 

North. 
WIN-BERRY, 8, A bilberry, or whortle 
berry. North. 

To WINGE, V. n. To shrivel, aa fruit when 
over-kept. Norf. 

WIND-SHACKS, «. (Wind-shakes.) Cracks 
in wood caused by the wind. Craven. 

WIND-SHAKEN, ad/. Thin; puny; weak; 
aa, ** such a one is a poor wind-shaken 
creature." Sussex. Hants. 

WINE-BERRIES, e. Currants, being 6ome- 
timet used to make wine with. Craven. 
WINLY, adv. Quietly. North. 

WIND-BIBBER, s. A hawk. Kent. 

(To Bob is to beat. A hawk beats the 
wind when it wishes to saspend itself in 
one spot in the air. Bibber may be a 
corruption of Bobber.) 
WINNER-CLOTH, s. A lai^ alotli, on 
which corn is winnowed. North, 

WINNOL-WEATHER, s. The stormy wea- 
ther which is common in the beginning 
ef March, ao called from 8i. Winwaloe, 



a British saint, whose anniversary falls 
on the third of that month. Norf. 

See Forby. 

WINNY ED, par/, ^xu*. Frightened. Glouc. 

WINT, s, [Wend, Went. To go and pass 
to and from.] Two ridges of ground, which 
are ploughed by the horses going to one 
end of the Held and back again. Arable 
land, which is harrowed twice over, is 
said to be harrowed a Wint, if three 
times, a Wint and a half. E, Suss. Kent* 

WINTE, *. [Gwynt, Brit.] The wind. 

Lane. 

r© WINTER-RIG, r. a. [Wlnter;and Hrigg, 
Sax. a ridge.] To fallow land in the 
winter. North. 

WISE-MAN, 8. A wizard. Craven. 

In the south a conjuror is called a Cun- 
ning-man. '* He lost his spoons, and so 
he went and consulted the Cunning-man 
to And out who stole them." 

WISHINET, ». A pincushion. North. 

WISHLY, oc/v. Earnestly; wishfully. Norf. 

WISP, 8, A rowel or sealon. Norf. Grose. 

WISTEY, 8. A large spacious place. Lane. 

WITHE,*. (SeeWiddy.) 

WITHER, adj. Very strong'; lusty. (See 
Wigger.) 

WITHER, pron. Other. Somerset. 

WITHERGUESS, adj. Different. Ditto. 

WITHERWIS£,aJv. Otherwise. Ditto. 

WITHY, 8, (See Widdy.) A willow. Hants. 
A hoop of osier. North. 

WITHY-WINE, s. (Winding like a Withy.) 
The convolvulus ; bindweed. Somerset. 

WITTERING, WITTIN, s. [Wilan, Sax.] 
Knowledge; idea. Craven 

To WIZZEN, v. n [Waesten, Belg.to waste.] 
To wither; to shrivel; to dry up ; to 
pine away ; to dwindle. North. Norf. 

To WIZZLE, V. a. To get anything away 
slily. North. 

WO, s, [Corrupted from Ho! the word 
used by the presiding officer at a tourna^ 
roent, to stop the combat. So says Forby. 
Wo ! is used in Hampshire and Sussex, 
by carters, to stop their horses.] Stop- 
check. " There is no wo in him." Norf. 

Hants. Sussex. 

WOADMEL, 8. [See Wadmal.J 

WOCK. 8, An oak. Somerset. 

WOCKS, 8, The suit of cards in a pack 
called clubs, from their resemblance to an 
oak leaf. Somerset. 

WOD, 9. aux. Would. Craven, 

WODTO, phr. Wouldst thou. Craven. 

WODE, adj. Mad. [Ang. Sax. Tim Bob- 
bin.] Cumb. 

WOFU, adj. [Scotch.] Woful. Lane. 

WOLDER, 8. [To Weld, Welt, a fold. ] A 

rolled bandage. Norf. 

To WOLDER, To wrap or roll up in a 

bandage Norf. 

WOMMEL, s. An Auger. [See Wfaummle.] 

North. 

WONG, 8. [Wong, Ang. Sax. a field.] An 



WON. 



WOT. 



191 



agricuUaral division or dislrict of some 
un inclosed parishes. Norf, 

WONT, ». [Wand, Sax.] A mole. Somersttt, 

WONT-HEAVE, ». A mole-hill. Ditto. 

Vf ONT-SN AP, *. A mole trap; Somerset. 

WONT-WRIGGLE, *. The sinuoos path 
made by moles under ground. Somerset. 

WONST, adv» Once ; also on purpose. Lane, 
(Once is always pronounced Wonce.) 

WOO,». Wool. North. 

To WOOAN, r. n. [Wunian, Sax. to Won, 
to dwell.] To live; to dwell. North. 

WOOCH, WOOSH. rnfrrj. A word used by 
team drivers, to make their horses go to 
the right-hand. Norf. 

WOOD-COCKSOIL, s. Ground that has a 
soil under the turf of a woodcock colour^ 
and is not good. South. Bailey. 

WOOD-QUIST, 9, A wood pigeon. Som. 

WOOD-SERE, 8. IWood and Serian, Sax. 
to dry.] Decayed or hollow pollards. 
The month or season for felling wood. 

Essex, Suff. 

WOOD-SPRITE,«. The woodpecker. Norf. 

WOpD-WANTS, f. Holes in a piece of 
timber. North. 

WOOD-WESH, a. Dyer's broom. North. 

WOOSTER, s. (Woo.) A lover. Craven. 

WOP, f. A wasp. (See Waps.) JCxm. 

To WOP, V. a. (See to Warp, of which 
this is probably a corruption.) To pro- 
duce an abortive lamb. '' The ewe has 
wopped her lamb." N(»rf. 

WOR, V, aux. Was. Wor is a corrnption 
of were, which in E. Sussex is verv gene- 
rally used instead of was ; as, '* J were 
going." ** 1 were talking to him." Craven. 

WORCH-BRACCO, adj. [Weorcan, Sax. 

to work. — Brecan, Sax. lo break. — to 

work so diligently as soon to break, or 

overcome, work.] Very diligent ; very 

earnest at work. Chesh, BaUey, 

To WORD, r. n. To dispute j to wrangle. 

" They worded ita.long time." Norf, Sttss. 

To utter; to compose. Craven, 

WORFOH. adv. Wherefore. Norf, 

To WORK, V, n. To ache ; to throb ; as, 

*• My head works like a clock." Norf. 

WORK-WISE, adj. Workmanlike. DUlo. 

WORRA, 8. [This word is also written 

Whirra, which seems most proper — from 

Wirhelen, Belg. to whirl ] A small round 

moveable out or pinion, with groves in 

it, and having a bole in the centre, 

through which the end of a round stick 

may be thrust ; it is attached to a spinning 

wheel. Somerset. 

WORRIED, f«W.;w«. Choaked. North. 

To WORSEL, V. n. [Worstelen, Bele.] To 

wrestle. Craven. 

WORSELLS, pron. [Vor, Teut. our ; Sell, 

Sc.] Ourselves. Craven. 

To Worsen, v. n. To grow worse. Ditto. 

WORSET, 8. Worsted. Ditto, 

ToWORTCH, v.n. [Weorcan, Sax.] To 

work. Lane. 

WORTHY, adj. Lucky enough . as, « Had 



I been worthy to know that." Fit ; ca- 
pable ; as, '* I will level this pit, to make 
the land plough-worthy." Norf, 

WOTCHAT, 8. An orchard. North. 

WOUGH, 8. A wall. Lane. 

WOUNDED, WOUNDY, adv. Very; ex- 
tremely. *'I was wounded cross." South, 

To WOW, V. n. (From the sound.) To 
howl ; as, "The wind wows." Craven, 

To WOWL, V. n. (To wail.) To howl ; to 
wail vociferously. Norf. 

WRAAT, WRATE, pret. of to Write. 
Wrote. Craven, 

WRAITH, *. A spirit or ghost. North. 

WRAITHS, 8. The shafts of a cart. Craven. 

WRANG, s. [Wrange, Sax. Wrong.] North. 

To WRASTLE, r. a. [Hristlan, Sax. lo 
rustle as dry leaves do.] 
To drv ; to parch. Norf. 

WRASTLING POLE, s, A pole to spread 
Are about the oven, or to beat walnuts 
from the trees. Norf. 

7b W RAX, v.a. To stretch the body in 
yawning, or as cattle do when they rise. 
[Hrsecan, Sax. to retch.] North. 

TV? WREAK, ». n. To fret or be angry. 

North. 

WREASEL, 8. A weasel. N>rth, 

WRECK, 8. Abundance. North. 

WRECKLIN, 8. The least animal in a 
brood or litter. North, 

To WREE, V, a. To insinuate something 
to the disadvantage of a person. North, 

WREEDEN, adj. Peevish; fretful. North, 

WRET, s. A wart. [Wrat, Sc] Norf. 

WRETCH, «. A word of endearment. Bucks. 

WRET-WEED, 8, Any wiki species of Eu- 
phorbia, the milky juice of which is often 
applied to warts or Wrets. Norf. 

7b W RIDE, V.n. To spread abroad; to 
expand. Sotnersei. 

WRIGGLE, 8. [Wrigan, Sax. to wriggle.] 
Any narrow, sinuous hole. Somerset. 

WRIGGLES, 8. Small flsh, commonly 
called sand-eels, which wriggle them- 
selves into the sand. Norf* 

WRIGHT, 8. A carpenter. E. Ridmg Yorks. 
(Wryta, Sax. a workman.) 

WRINE, «. [Wringen, Sax. to wring.] A 
mark occasioned by wringing cloth, or by 
folding it in an irregular manner. Som. 

WRING, 8. A press; as, a cider wring, a 
cider-press. Somerset, 

WROCKLED, a4f. Wrinkled. E, Sussex. 

WRINGLE-STREAS. s. Bents. Grose. 

WRONG, adj. Deformed, mishapen in 
person. Norf, 

WRONG,*. A crooked bough. Norf 

TbWROSTLE, r. n. [Worstelen, Belg. to 

wrestle*] To wrestle. Lane, 

To irrow ripe ; perhaps from Rustle. Lar^e. 

ToWRUMPLE, v,u. To discompose; to 

rumple. Somm'Set* 

WRUMPLE, s. A rumple. 
To WRY, v.a, [Wrigan, Ang. Sax. to 
wriggle.] To cover close. Norf. 

WRYING, *. Coveringjof bed-clothes, ba» 



192 



WRY. 



YAR. 



Dot of appsrel. Korf. 

WRY-RUMPED, a^j. Deformed in the 

lower part of the back. iVoi/. 

WRYTHEN. pcai. pan,. [Writhan, Sax. to 

writhe.] 
WRYTHENLY, adi\ Peevishly. Une. 
roWUN, r.n. To dwell. North. [Wun- 

nian, Sax. to dwell.] 
WCTNSOME, adj. Smart ; trimly dressed ; 

lively ,* joyous. (Winsome, pretty.) North, 
Twisted ; also, ill-natured. Lane, 

WUSSET, s. A scarecrow. iViltt, 

WYAH, adv. Yes. North, 

WYLIE-CAAT, *. A flannel vest. North, 
WYTHIN-KIBBO, t . [Withe, Sax. Willow.] 

A strong willow stick. Lane. 

WYZLES, s. Stalks of potatoes, tnmips, 

&c. Lane, 



Y. 



YAAPIN6, part, ad. Crying in despair, 
lamenting, as chicken when they have 
lost their parent hen. North. 

(See to Yap.] 

YACK, 5. An oak. [Aac, Sax.] North, 

YACKRANS, s. Acorns. North. 

To YAFF, ». n. [From the sound.] To 
bark. Craven. 

YAFFLE, 8, A woodpecker, so called from 
the noise it makes when flying. Hants, 

YAL, 9, Ale. Somerset. 

YALE, 8. An herb. Lane. 

YALE,«. A small quantity. Norf. 

YALHOUSE, 8. An ale-house. Somerset. 

To YAMMER, v, n. To make a loud dis- 
agreeable noise. Craven. 

To YAMMER, v. a. To desire eagerly. 

Lnnc. 

YANE,f. The breath. North. 

YANE, adj. One. DUto. 

YAN, adj, [An, Sax. one.] One. Craven. 

YANCE, adv. Once. Nortji. 

To YANGLE, v. a, [Corrupted from Tan- 
gle.] To tether a horse, by fastening a 
fore leg and a hind leg together. Aor/. 

YANSELL, pron. One's self. Craven, 

To YAP, V. n, [Yealpan, Sax. to yelp. In 
the north. Fault is pronounced Fant, the 
1 being dropped.] To Yelp. Norf. 

YAP, 8. A yelping cur. Norf. 

To YAPE-ABOUT, v. n. To run gossiping 
about. JS, Svssex. 

YAR, 8. The earth. Craven. 

YARD, a, [Gardd, An^. Sax. a garden — g 

is frequently changed into y as Gis, Sax. 

yes.] Norf. 

The garden of a cottage or other small 

house. 

YARD-MAN, «. One who has charge of a 
farm-yard, and the cattle fed there. Norf. 

YARE, adj. Covetous; desirous; eager; 
also nimble ; ready ; fit ; ticklish. North, 
Shakespear has this word iu the Tempest, 
implying speed, haste. 



YAR, oiij. [Yeaker, Teut.] Sour. Crarm 
To YARK. V, a. and n. [Yercken, Goth, t 
jerk.] To seize or rise hastily. Graver^ 
To YARK, V, a. To push or strike. NortA 
To YARK, v.a. To prepare. muc 

YARLE\, ac^. Early; soon in the morning 

YARM, 8, An arm. Somersei 

To YARM, YAWM, v. n. To shriek oi 
yell. Norf, 

YAR-NUTS, 8. Pig-nuts ; earth-n uts.j 

Craven, 

YARTH. 8, The earih. IVesi, North. 

YARROWAY, s. The plant yarrow. The 
Achillsea millefolium of Linnseus. Norf. 

YASPEN, or YEEPSEN,». As much of 
anything as can be taken up in both 
hands joined together. 
A double handful. SoiUh. Grose. 

YAT, ) [See Yard.] 

YATE, f. I A gate. North, 

YAUD, 8, [Eode, Ang. Sax. went. — So says 
the author of the Craven Dialect.] 
A horse. Craven. 

To YAWL, V. n. To squall or scream harsh- 
ly, like an enraged cat. To cry as a pea- 
cock. Norf. 
To howl like a dog. Lane 

YEAD, 8, The head. Exmoor. 

YEAN, V. cttix. You will. Lane. 

To Y E A ND, V. n. To go. North. 

YEAND BY TO, phr. Before noon. 

Lane. 

To YEAP IN, V. n. To hiccup ; to belch. 

Craven. 

YEARDLY, adv. Very— Yardly much; .very 
much. North, 

YEARNING,.*. The liquor of the rennet, 
used in producing curds. North. 

YEARNSTFUL, adj. Very earnest. Lane. 

YEASING, 8, The eaves of a house. Lane, 

YEASY, adj. Easy. Lane, 

YEATHER,*. [Heathei^] A flexible twig 
used for binding hedges. North. 

YEAVELING, «. Evening. Exmonr, 

YEAVY, adj. Wet and moist. Exmoor. 

YED, 8, A by-name for Edward. Lane. 

YEDWARD,*. A dragon fly. Grose, 

YEDDER, 8. [See Edder.] A long stick. 

Grose, 

YEENDER or EENDER, s. The forenoon. 

Derhy, 

YEEPSON, 8. Such a quantity as can be 
taken up in both hands together. Essex, 

Baiiey. 

YEES, 8, Eyes. Exmoor, 

YEES, r. aux. You shall Craven. 

YEEVIL,*. A dung-fork. Exmoor 

YEL, 8, An eel. Somerset. 

Y EL-SPEAR, 8. An eeUspear, an instru- 
ment for catching eels. Somerset. 

To YELK, YULK, r. a. To knead clay 
with straw or stubble, to prepare it for 
dauber's work. Norf, 

YELL, a4i» Barren, or that gives do milk. 

Grote, 



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YELLOW-BELLY, «. A person born in 

the Fens of Lincolnahire. I/mc, 

(From the yellow, sickly compleiion of 

persons residing: in marshy situations.) 

YELLOW-YOWRING,*. The bird yellow- 
hammer. Craven, 

YELM, s, [See Helm. J A portion of straw, 
as mach as can be conveniently carried 
by the thatcher, or under the arm for any 
purpose. Somf, 

To YELM, V. a. To lay straw in convenient 
quantities for the thatcher. N&rf, 

YELTS, s. Young sows that have had no 
pigs. Norths 

YEM, t. A by-name for Edmund. Lane. 

ToYEPPY, r.n. [See Yaaping.] fVett. 

To chirp like chicken or other birds. To 

have a weak and indistinct voice ; as 

" Thou art so hoarse thou canst scarce 

yeppy." 

YEPSINTLE,^. Two handfulls. Lane, 

YER, pron. Your. Lane. 

Y ERBES. 8, plu. Herbs. Norf, 

YER-NUTS, ». Earth-nuts. Norlh. 

(See Yar-Nuts.) 

YERRINO, mJ^. Noisy ; yelling. Norlh, 
(Eorre, Sax. jarring — and why not Yer- 
ring ?) 

YERTH,s. fSeeYarth.] Earth. Norf, 

YES, 8, An earth-worm. Somerset, 

YESTMUS, YESTPINTLE, *. A handful. 

Lane, 

YETHARD,t. Edward. Derby. 

YETHER. *. [See Ether.] 

A long twig, wi(h which to bind hedges. 

Craven. 

YETLING, s. A small iron boiler. North. 

YETS, *. [Aten, Sax.] bats. North. 

YEWD, or YOD, prei. Went; yewingj 
going. ^ NorthufUh. 

[Eode, Ang. Sa*x. went] 

YEWERS, 8. Embers, hot ashes. Emm', 

YEWL-CLOG, pr LOG. ». [Jule, Dan- 
Christ.] A large log of wood, genenflly 
laid on the Are on Christmas-eve. Norths 

YEWLIN, 8. Christmas feasting. Northm 

To YIELD IT, phr. To give up an under- 
taking; as thus, a former took his team 
to harrow a piece of wheat, but finding it 
too wet he said to his carter, " Come 
away, we will yield it." E. Sussex. 

YIGH, ado. [Gise, Sax. yes, Sa, Sax. ay.] 
Yes. Lane, 

YIN, adj. Yon. Norf. 

YINDER, adv. Yonder. Norf. 

To YIP, V, n. (See Yaaping.) To chirp like 
a newly-hatched chick, or other very 
young bird. Norf, 

YIPPER, adj. Brisk. DUto. 

YO, pron, [Eow, Sax.] You. Lane. 

YOAN, V, aux. You will ; you have. Ditto, 

YOAR, V. aux. You are. Ditto. 

YOKES, 8. Hiccoughs. Somerset. 

YOLD-RING, 8. A yellow-hammer. North. 

YOLT, 8. A newt or eft. Gloue. 



YON, pron. That; as, '<Yon field,*' that 



field. Line 

'' Yon thing," that thing. Bailey' 

YONT, nrep. Beyond. North- 

YOOD'N, V. ou^r. You were. Lane* 

YOON, 8. An oven. North. 

YORT, 8. A yard or field. Lane, 

YOTED, part. pass. Watered or soaked. 

H^e8t, 
YOUR'N, pron. Your's. Sosnerset. 

YOWE, 8, [Eow, Sax.] An ewe. Norf. 

nants. Craven, 
YOWER, *. [Uyer, Belg. Craven Dial.] 

Udder. CWmwa. 

YOWER, pron. Your. JhUo. 

YOWER-JOINT, 8, Joint near the thigh of 

the horse, opposite the hock. Craven, 
To YOWSTER, v. n. To fester. North. 
YOWLING, part, act, [Yle. lal. Ulolatvs, 

Lat.] Howling ; barking. Craven. 

YU, t. (See Yewl.] Christmas. North. 
YU-BATCH, 8, A Christmas batch. DUto. 
YU-BLOCR, 8. A Christmas log. DUto. 
To YUCK, V. To itch. Line. 

[Joocken, Dutch. Jeucken, Germ.] To 

rub ; to scratch ; to prick. North. 

YU-GAMES, 8. (See Yu.) Christmas nimes. 

North. 
YU-GOADS, [Yu ; and Gaude, Fr. a trinket.] 

Christmas play-things. Lane, 

YULE OF AUGUST, Ummas-day ; the first 

of August. r[GwyI, Welch, a festival. 

Lammas-day being a feast-day.] 
YULE-TIDE, 8, Christmas-time. Lane, 
YUNCE, adv. Once. Craven, 

YUNG, YUNK, at^f. [Iung,Teut.] Young. 

Lane. 
YUSTERDAY, s. [Ghister, Sax. yester.] 

Yesterday. North. 

YESTERNEET, 8. Yesternight. North. 

In the eastern part of Sussex they have a 
very broad pronunciation, as Yus for 
Yes. Yusterday, &c. 

■ •• Z. 

ZAM, 0ilj, Cold. Devon. 

To ZAM, V. a. To heat for some time over 

the fire, but not to boil. Somersets 

ZAMZOD, ** 1 part, pass, [Semi, Lat. 
ZAMZODDEN, / half; and Sodden, boiled.] 
^Heated for a long time in a low heat, so as 
to be in part spoiled. Somerset. 

ZANDTOT, s. A sand hill. Somerset. 

ZAT, at^f, [Saft, Belg. softZaft— zat. The 

gh or f in daughter is dropped and why 

not in saft ?] 

Soft Somerset. Gloue, 

ZATENFARE, adj. Softish, applied to the 

intellects. Somerset, 

To ZEE, V. a. To see. Somerset, 

ZEEAD, 8. Seed. Somerset. 

ZEAD-LIP, (See Seed-Lip.) Somerset, 

ZEL, pron, [Sel, Scotch.] .Self. Somerset. 
To ZEM, V, n. To seem. fVest. 

[Ziemen^Teut.] 

2b 



194 



ZEN. 



ZUF. 



ZENVY, s. [Sinapi, Ut. Senev^, Fr.] Wild 
mustard. Somerset, 

ZESS, s. A pile of sieves in a barn. Exm, 
ZEW, s. A sow. Exm, 

ZID, pret. of to See. [See— Seed — ^Zeed — 
Zid.] "I zid un." I saw him. SomeneU 
ZIDLE-MOUTHED, adj. Wry-mouthed. 

(Side, aidle ; one-sided.) Exm. 

ZILKER, s. See Silker. Somerset, 

ZIRMILA, 8* A son-in-law. Exm, 

ZIVE, 8. A scythe. Exm, 

ZOCK, s, A blow. fVesl, 

ZOG» «. Soft, boggy land ; moist land. Som, 
ZOGGY, adj. Boggy; wet. Somerset, 

[Sfbcian, Sax. to soak — ^Zoak— -Zog.] 
ZOO, (See Sew.) Somerset. 

To ZOUND, ZOUNDY, v, n. To swoon. 

Somerset, 
ZOWERSWOPPED, adj, (Sour.) Ill-na- 
tured. Exm* 



ZOWL, 8. A plough. [Sulth; Sai.] Exm. 



To ZUFFY, (See Suflfy.) 
ZUG6ERS, interj. 
ZULti, 8. A plough. 
ZUM'MET pron. Somewhat; 



Somerset. 
Somerset, 
Somerset. 
something. 
Somerset. 
Exm. 



ZUNG, adv. Since. 

To ZWAIL, V, n. To move about with the 
arms extended, and up and down. Som. 
[To Swell, Swallen, Sax.] 

To ZWANG, V. a, avid n* To swing ; to move 
to and fro. Somerset, 

ZWANG, s, A swing. Somerset. 

To ZWELL, V. a. [Swelgan, Sax.] To swal- 
low. Somerset, 

To ZWIR, V, a. To turn. fVest. 

ZWODDER, s, A drowsy and stupid sUte 
of body or mind. Somerset. 

ZWOP, adv. With a noise resembling the 
word, as, "• He fell down zwop." Grose, 



THE ENp. 



^ 



Baxter 9nd Son, PHnterss Lewes.